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Dermatology Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652908/case-histories-of-intense-pulsed-light-phototherapy-in-dermatology-the-hppl%C3%A2-and-ifl-%C3%A2-technologies
#1
Alessandro Martella, Mauro Raichi
The intense pulsed light (IPL) and laser technologies are widely used for skin rejuvenation and for treating several dermatological disorders such as skin dyschromia and acne, and for non-ablative dermal remodeling of rhytides and hypertrophic scars. Technological evolution is rapid. The High Power Pulsed Light™ [HPPL™] and Incoherent Fast Light™ technologies [IFL™, Novavision Group S.p.A., 20826 Misinto (MB), Italy] are recent innovations in the field of IPL technologies; IFL™ is a further evolution of the already advanced HPPL™ system...
March 13, 2017: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652907/a-study-case-in-photoepilation-the-hppl-%C3%A2-and-ifl-%C3%A2-technologies
#2
Alessandro Martella, Mauro Raichi
The High Power Pulsed Light™ [HPPL™] and Incoherent Fast Light™ technologies [IFL™, Novavision Group S.p.A., 20826 Misinto (MB), Italy] are recent innovations in the field of unwanted hair removal with intense pulsed light devices. IFL™ is a further improvement over the already advanced characteristics of the HPPL™ technology. A selection of photoepilation case histories with the HPPL™ and IFL™ technologies is presented; a short introduction highlights the main features of the two technologies...
March 13, 2017: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652906/photoepilation-and-skin-photorejuvenation-an-update
#3
Alessandro Martella, Mauro Raichi
The effectiveness of intense pulsed light (IPL) and laser devices is widely accepted in aesthetic dermatology for unwanted hair removal and treatment of a variety of cutaneous conditions. Overall, most comparative trials have demonstrated similar effectiveness for IPL and laser devices. Literature studies alternatively favor the IPL and laser concepts, but the incidence of severe local pain and side effects were generally lower with IPL. IPL phototherapy, already established as a sound option in photoepilation and treatment of photoaging, hyperpigmentation and other skin conditions, is also considered first choice in the phototherapy of skin vascular malformations...
March 13, 2017: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652905/retrospective-analysis-of-endemic-melasma-patients
#4
Serkan Demirkan, Özgür Gündüz, Cemile Dayangan Sayan
Melasma is an acquired diffuse hypermelanosis characterized by localized, symmetrical, irregular, light-to-dark brown maculae occurring in sun-exposed areas of skin. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine demographics of patients, analysis of etiologic factors, clinical features, efficacy and side effects of available topical treatments due to high incidence of melasma patients. In this study melasma patients in Birecik State Hospital were investigated retrospectively. Between January 2014 and October 2015, 1008 patients had diagnosis of melasma in 49,809 applications of 24,603 different patients who admitted to Dermatology Outpatient Clinics...
March 13, 2017: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626535/assessment-effect-of-breast-milk-on-diaper-dermatitis
#5
Bahar Seifi, Sheida Jalali, Mohammad Heidari
Diaper dermatitis is the most common dermatological disease of infancy, which occurs and caused by the combined effect of irritants such as diaper, urine and faces. In this study, we intend to evaluate the effect of breast milk on the healing of diaper dermatitis. This study was a clinical trial of 30 infants between 0-12 months of age that were suffering from diaper dermatitis and referred to the Health Centers in Tehran, Iran. The subjects were selected by open study. Infants were divided into two matched groups: case and control...
March 13, 2017: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603598/eyelid-dermatitis-caused-by-allergic-contact-to-acrylates-in-artificial-nails
#6
Jorge Moreira, Rita Gonçalves, Pedro Coelho, Tiago Maio
Over the past few years, there has been an increase in cases of allergic contact dermatitis caused by acrylates, because of the growing popularity of artificial nails. Pathological reactions to artificial nails typically occur on or around the nail area. Eyelid contact dermatitis due to artificial nails is rarely seen, especially in a nonoccupational setting. The authors report the case of a 45-year-old female accountant who developed eyelid dermatitis due to artificial nails.
March 13, 2017: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469834/ibrutinib-associated-skin-toxicity-a-case-of-maculopapular-rash-in-a-79-year-old-caucasian-male-patient-with-relapsed-waldenstrom-s-macroglobulinemia-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Anders Bisgaard Jensen, Birgitte Stausbøl-Grøn, Rikke Riber-Hansen, Francesco d'Amore
Waldenstrom's macroglobulinamia (WM) is a rare malignant lymphoproliferative disorder, characterized by monoclonal IgM paraproteinemia and neoplastic proliferation of malignant lymphoplasmacytoid cells in the bone marrow. Traditionally, WM has been treated with modalities similar to those used in the management of other indolent lymphomas. Just recently, based on impressive clinical trial results in heavily pretreated WM patients, a new Bruton Tyrosine Kinase-inhibitor, Ibrutinib, has been approved for the treatment of this disorder...
March 13, 2017: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326184/unilateral-demodicidosis-of-face-mimicking-hansens-disease
#8
Deepak Vashisht, Jatinder Singh, Sukriti Baveja, Rohit Tiwari, Anuj Bhatnagar
Demodicosis is a common parasitic infection of the hair follicles and the pilosebaceous unit by the Demodex mites viz. Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis. Infection by this parasite is common among immunocompromised and elderly. We report a case of facial Demodicosis which presented like atypical rosacea with a gradually progressing swelling and redness on right side of face which was initially diagnosed as a case of Hansen's disease. Skin biopsy revealed follicular dilatation with presence of Demodex mite along with intense perifollicular lymphomononuclear infiltrate...
June 15, 2016: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326183/signet-ring-cells-in-the-skin-a-case-of-late-onset-cutaneous-metastasis-of-gastric-carcinoma-and-a-brief-review-of-histological-approach
#9
Özgür Gündüz, Mehmet Can Emeksiz, Pinar Atasoy, Mehtap Kidir, Selim Yalçin, Serkan Demirkan
Up to 10% of patients with visceral malignancies develop skin metastases during their clinical course and these metastases constitute about 2% of all skin cancers. Skin metastasis may be the first sign of a clinically silent visceral cancer or represent recurrence of an internal malignancy. In both situations, they are associated with poor prognosis, which can partly be attributed to underdiagnosis. In this paper, a case of relapsing gastric adenocarcinoma, which manifested itself as asymptomatic cutaneous papules and nodules on a patient's head and neck, is reported and histopathological approach to the cutaneous lesions containing signet-ring cell is briefly reviewed...
June 15, 2016: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942370/surgical-pearl-on-reconstructing-surgical-defects-of-the-nasal-tip
#10
Artur César, Ana Barros, Paulo Santos, Filomena Azevedo
Repairing surgical defects of the nasal tip is challenging, mainly because of the lack of freely mobile skin available peripherally. The Peng flap is a one-stage cutaneous flap that circumvents this difficulty by recruiting skin from the nasal dorsum and sidewall regions. The design produces a tridimensional shape perfectly adapted to the configuration of the nasal tip and allows for an inconspicuous closure of the defect. We present three examples of full-thickness skin defects involving the nasal tip, reconstructed using a modified version of the Peng flap, and present the experience at our department with this surgical technique...
June 15, 2016: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942369/erythrodermic-psoriasis-treated-with-apremilast
#11
John Arcilla, Daniel Joe, Johnathan Kim, Yohanan Kim, VuAnh N Truong, Navin Jaipaul
Erythroderma is a rare potentially deadly exfoliative dermatitis characterized by diffuse cutaneous erythema which may be associated with multi-organ dysfunction. Therefore, it is imperative to recognize and treat it promptly. Erythrodermic psoriasis is the most common form of erythroderma. Management of this condition is largely based on aggressive supportive care and the use of anti-inflammatory immunosuppressive and biologic agents. We describe a case of psoriatic erythroderma which was triggered by withdrawal from systemic steroids and successfully treated with apremilast and cyclosporine...
June 15, 2016: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942368/rosacea-a-clinical-review
#12
REVIEW
Carsten Sauer Mikkelsen, Helene Ringe Holmgren, Petra Kjellman, Michael Heidenheim, Ari Kappinnen, Peter Bjerring, Theis Huldt-Nystrøm
Rosacea is a field within dermatology with new insight within immunological research and new treatment-algorithm. Patient education on rosacea and appropriate treatments is an important aspect in helping patients succeed with therapy. Treatment should be tailored to each individual patient, taking into account: symptoms, trigger factors, patients' wishes, most bothersome symptoms, psychological aspect, individual needs. A combination of clinical therapies to treat different symptoms concomitantly may offer the best possible outcomes for the patient...
June 15, 2016: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942367/digit-length-ratios-2d-4d-as-a-phenotypic-indicator-of-in-utero-androgen-exposure-is-not-prognostic-for-androgenic-alopecia-a-descriptive-analytic-study-of-1200-iranian-men
#13
Amir Feily, Masoomeh Hosseinpoor, Ali Bakhti, Mohamad Nekuyi, Saeed Sobhanian, Zahra Fathinezhad, Reza Sahraei, Marigdalia K Ramirez-Fort
The etiology of androgenic alopecia (AGA) involves several factors, including genetics, androgens, age and nutrition. Digit-length ratio of the index and ring finger (2D:4D) is an indicator of prenatal exposure to sex hormones. There is a paucity of studies that systemically review the possible positive predictive value of 2D:4D in the development of AGA. We performed a single-site, descriptive-analytical study among a racially homogeneous population. Our results revealed that no significant association was determined between right 2D:4D and AGA severity within our entire population (P=0...
June 15, 2016: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26734122/exploring-valrubicin-s-effect-on-propionibacterium-acnes-induced-skin-inflammation-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#14
Louise Rottboell, Sarah de Foenss, Kenneth Thomsen, Helle Christiansen, Stine M Andersen, Tomas N Dam, Cecilia Rosada, Karin Stenderup
Acne is a common skin disease involving colonization with Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes), hyperproliferation of the follicular epithelium and inflammatory events. Valrubicin is a second-generation anthracycline, non-toxic upon contact, and available in a topical formulation. Valrubicin's predecessor doxorubicin possesses antibacterial effects and previously we demonstrated that valrubicin inhibits keratinocyte proliferation and skin inflammation suggesting beneficial topical treatment of acne with valrubicin...
December 3, 2015: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26734121/giant-condyloma-acuminate-due-to-human-papillomavirus-type-16-in-an-infant-successfully-treated-with-topical-imiquimod-therapy
#15
Meltem Dinleyici, Nurhan Saracoglu, Makbule Eren, Ömer Kiliç, Evrim Ciftci, Ener Cagri Dinleyici, Cigdem Sag, Ates Kara
Anogenital warts related to human papillomavirus (HPV) have been observed in children. Definition of the transmission mode, therapy, and follow-up for long term potential complications is important. A 27-month old girl was admitted with multiple pedunculated red-purple colored cauliflower-like lesions of 1.5 years duration. Clinical/histopathological and microbiological diagnosis was condyloma acuminate due to HPV type 16. After 12 weeks of imiquimod 5% cream application (pea-sized) overnight three times per week, the perianal warts had completely disappeared...
December 3, 2015: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26734120/subclinical-onychomycosis-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#16
Amira Elbendary, Amira El Tawdy, Naglaa Zaki, Mostafa Alfishawy, Amr Rateb
Fungal organisms could be present in the nail without any clinical manifestations. As onychomycosis in diabetics has more serious complications, early detection of such infection could be helpful to prevent them. We aim in this study to assess the possibility of detecting subclinical onychomycosis in type II diabetic patients and addressing possible associated neuropathy. A cross sectional, observational study included patients with type II diabetes with normal big toe nail. All were subjected to nail clipping of the big toe nail, followed by staining with Hematoxylin and Eosin and Periodic-Acid-Schiff (PAS) stains and examined microscopically...
December 3, 2015: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26734119/severity-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-alopecia-areata-in-bandar-abbas-iran
#17
Shahram Baghestani, Shahram Zare, Seyed Hamzeh Seddigh
Alopecia areata (AA) is a chronic disease which esthetic outcomes may result in deep effects on mental disorders of patients. In this case-control study, we compared the mental health of 68 patients diagnosed with AA with 68 healthy individuals using Hamilton anxiety and depression rating scales. There were significant differences between the case and control groups regarding the prevalence of anxiety and depression. The means of anxiety scores in cases and control group were 12.76±7.21 vs 8.54±6.37, P=0...
December 3, 2015: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26236448/an-epidemiological-study-of-97-cases-of-primary-cicatricial-alopecia-in-iran
#18
Akram Beheshtiroy, Fatemeh Hajmanoochehri, Fahim Hossienghamar
Cicatricial alopecia can produce major psychosocial disturbance. This study aimed to evaluate epidemiological features of primary cicatricial alopecia (PCA). Epidemiological and histological types of scarring alopecia were determined. The chi-squared test and t-test were performed to examine the relationship between different variables using SPSS 16. A total of 97 cases, 35 (36.1%) men and 62 (63.9%) women, with an average age of 37 (SD=12.7), were included in this study. The female/male (F/M) ratio was 1.7:1 for total cases, 1...
May 21, 2015: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26236447/the-use-of-chemotherapeutics-for-the-treatment-of-keloid-scars
#19
REVIEW
Christopher David Jones, Luke Guiot, Mike Samy, Mark Gorman, Hamid Tehrani
Keloid scars are pathological scars, which develop as a result of exaggerated dermal tissue proliferation following cutaneous injury and often cause physical, psychological and cosmetic problems. Various theories regarding keloidogenesis exist, however the precise pathophysiological events remain unclear. Many different treatment modalities have been implicated in their management, but currently there is no entirely satisfactory method for treating all keloid lesions. We review a number of different chemotherapeutic agents which have been proposed for the treatment of keloid and hypertrophic scars while giving insight into some of the novel chemotherapeutic drugs which are currently being investigated...
May 21, 2015: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26236446/treatment-modalities-of-necrobiosis-lipoidica-a-concise-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Amir Feily, Shadi Mehraban
Necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is a rare inflammatory granulomatous skin disorder closely associated with diabetes mellitus. The aim of this paper is to review and discuss all the treatment modalities proposed and tested for this disease. A systematic review of the existing literature was conducted to investigate all the available data and summarize all the clinical trials, case reports and original articles on NL. Two major databases (PubMed and Google Scholar) were used. We have examined about 70 articles. Numerous treatment modalities have been currently investigated to compare recalcitrant NL...
May 21, 2015: Dermatology Reports
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