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Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513437/herbal-self-medication-use-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#1
LETTER
Yusuf Aydin, Elif Önder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513420/the-effects-of-pulmonary-hypertension-on-early-outcomes-inpatients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#2
Barış Akça, Köksal Dönmez, Olcay Murat Dişli, Feray Akgül Erdil, Mehmet Cengiz Çolak, İlhan Koray Aydemir, Bektaş Battaloğlu, Nevzat Erdil
BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the effects of pulmonary hypertension on early clinical variables in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The preoperative echocardiographic data of patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass surgery were evaluated retrospectively. A total of 1244 patients were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups: one group consisted of patients with systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) values equal to or greater than 30 mmHg (Group 1, n = 184), while the other group consisted of patients with SPAP values below 30 mmHg (Group 2, n = 1060)...
June 23, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513417/higher-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-is-related-to-a-lower-ejectionfraction-in-bicuspid-aortic-valve-patients
#3
Hacı Ahmet Kasapkara, Abdullah Nabi Aslan, Hüseyin Ayhan, Murat Can Güney, Murat Akçay, Zeynep Şeyma Turinay, Tahir Durmaz, Telat Keleş, Engin Bozkurt
BACKGROUND/AIM: Inflammation plays an important role in the pathophysiology of vascular disease. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the associations of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR; an indicator of inflammation) with left ventricular ejection fraction and ascending aorta diameter in patients with a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-nine consecutive patients with the diagnosis of BAV were enrolled in the study. Complete blood counts were analyzed for neutrophil and lymphocyte levels and NLR...
June 23, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513411/an-analysis-of-the-incidence-of-measles-in-turkey-since-1960
#4
Deniz Çalişkan, Birgül Piyal, Recep Akdur, Mine Esin Ocaktan, Ceylan Yozgatligil
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aims of this study were to evaluate measles incidence and the effect of elimination strategy interventions on the disease from 1960 to 2014 in Turkey. The administration of measles vaccine started in the rural regions in 1970; it was carried out as a campaign along with the National Vaccine Campaign in 1985, and it has been employed as combined measles, mumps, and rubella under the scope of the Measles Elimination Program (MEP) since 2006 in Turkey. While a dramatic decrease in the reporting of measles was observed between 2000 and 2010, the number of the cases has increased since 2011...
June 23, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513404/rectal-or-intramuscular-diclofenac-reduces-the-incidence-of-pancreatitis-afterendoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#5
Ramazan Uçar, Murat Biyik, Esma Uçar, İlker Polat, Sami Çifçi, Hüseyin Ataseven, Ali Demir
BACKGROUND/AIM: Acute pancreatitis is the most common adverse event of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of intramuscular diclofenac sodium for prophylaxis of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) in comparison to the rectal form. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty consecutive patients who underwent ERCP were enrolled in this single-center, prospective, randomized controlled study. Patients were randomized into three groups...
June 23, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513403/the-high-prevalence-of-encephalitozoon-intestinalis-in-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-and-children-with-growth-retardation-and-the-validity-of-real-time-pcr-in-its-diagnosis
#6
Ülfet Çetinkaya, Süleyman Yazar, Salih Kuk, Eda Sivcan, Leylagül Kaynar, Duran Arslan, İzzet Şahin
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of Encephalitozoon intestinalis in different patient groups consisting of immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The stool samples of 100 patients consisting of 25 patients receiving chemotherapy and with acute gastrointestinal complaints, 25 with bone marrow transplant and acute gastrointestinal complaints, 25 with urticaria, and 25 with growth retardation were included in the study...
June 23, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513394/the-relationship-between-blood-urea-nitrogen-levels-and-metabolic-biochemical-and-histopathologic-findings-of-nondiabetic-nonhypertensive-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#7
Cemal Nuri Erçin, Teoman Doğru, Gürkan Çelebi, Hasan Gürel, Halil Genç, Erdim Sertoğlu, Sait Bağci
BACKGROUND/AIM: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is known as the most common cause of chronic liver disease. It is accepted that the leading cause of death in patients with NAFLD is from coronary events. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was used as a prognostic indicator for cardiovascular disease. We aimed to investigate the relationship between BUN levels and metabolic, biochemical, and histopathologic findings of nondiabetic patients with NAFLD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 195 male patients with biopsy proven NAFLD and 82 healthy controls with normal liver and renal function tests and normal abdominal ultrasonography were enrolled in the study...
June 23, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513388/emergency-department-visits-caused-by-adverse-drug-reactions-results-of-aturkish-university-hospital
#8
Mehmet Can Girgin, Sedat Yanturali, Mualla Aylin Arici, Neşe Çolak Oray, Özgür Doylan, Yücel Demiral, Yeşim Tunçok
BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to evaluate adverse drug reaction (ADR)-related emergency department (ED) visits in the ED of the Dokuz Eylül University Hospital prospectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who were admitted to the ED during 1-week periods of four different seasons between July 2010 and April 2011 were enrolled. Demographics of patients, previous ADR history, clinical progress, and outcomes were recorded. Causality assessment was done according to World Health Organization Uppsala Monitoring Centre categories...
June 23, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513275/the-effects-of-bupivacaine-combined-with-different-adjuvants-on-block-onset-and-duration-and-on-ion-channel-expressions-scn9a-trpm-in-sciatic-nerve-block-in-rats
#9
Nurgül Dolu, Levent Şahin, Davut Sinan Kaplan, Tuncer Demir, Hasan Şimşek, Mehrican Şahin, Beyhan Cengiz
BACKGROUND/AIM: The objective of this experimental study was to examine the effects of epinephrine, dexmedetomidine, and clonidine added as adjuvants to bupivacaine on block onset and effect times, as well as the effects on the Na+ and Ca+2 channel gene expressions, which may indicate cell damage in the sciatic nerve cell membrane. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were divided into five groups: Group S (sham), saline solution; Group B, bupivacaine; Group BD, bupivacaine + dexmedetomidine; Group BC, bupivacaine + clonidine; and Group BE, bupivacaine + epinephrine...
April 19, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513246/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-migraine-disorder-andoral-comorbidities-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Cem Peşkersoy, Şule Peker, Ayşegül Kaya, Aycan Ünalp, Necmi Gökay
BACKGROUND/AIM: Although migraine is a common disorder, there is a lack of research investigating the possible relationship between migraine and oral health. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between temporomandibular disorders, bruxism, dental caries, periodontal status, and migraine disorder in a multicenter, parallel, case-controlled clinical study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2001 participants were divided into two groups: migraineurs (nm = 998) and nonmigraineurs (nh = 1003)...
April 19, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513244/brachiobasilic-arteriovenous-fistula-with-transpositionof-the-basilic-vein-a-multicenter-study
#11
Stelian Pantea, Iustinia Bengulescu, Gabriela Orosan, Ir Strambu, Victor Dan Eugen Strambu
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this paper was to present our 3-year multicenter experience in creating a vascular access using the basilic vein. The third choice in creating vascular access is the brachiobasilic arteriovenous fistula (AVFs) with transposition of the basilic vein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During 2010-2012, out of a total of 874 AVFs that were performed in our two centers, 54 were brachiobasilic fistulas (6.71%), performed on 54 patients. All surgical procedures were performed by two surgical teams, one for each center...
April 19, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511508/is-silicone-stent-insertion-a-clinically-useful-option-for-tracheobronchomalacia
#12
Levent Dalar, Seda Tural Önür, Cengiz Özdemir, Sinem Nedime Sökücü, Ahmet Levent Karasulu, Sedat Altin
BACKGROUND/AIM: Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) leads to the obstruction of expiratory airflow and interference with secretion clearance. Stabilization of the airway wall using a silicon stent or laser coagulation of the posterior wall may be treatment options. This study aimed to retrospectively analyze which interventional bronchoscopic method could be used to provide airway stabilization and gain control of symptoms and for whom this method could be used. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients who had received treatment in our interventional pulmonology unit were analyzed...
February 17, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511493/does-the-course-of-laboratory-parameters-help-us-to-predict-the-outcome-of-cchf
#13
Sümeyye Kazancioğlu, Esragül Akinci, Aliye Baştuğ, Bircan Kayaaslan, Ayşe But, Halide Aslaner, Selim Sırrı Eren, Meltem Arzu Yetkin, Hurrem Bodur
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study was performed to identify the characteristics distinguishing fatal and nonfatal cases of patients diagnosed with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 92 patients with confirmed diagnosis of CCHF in 2009-2013 were included in the study. RESULTS: A high level of urea and aPTT on the third day of hospital stay, diarrhea, somnolence, and the interval from the beginning of the symptoms to hospital admission were independently associated with fatality...
February 17, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511485/how-to-close-open-choledochotomy-primary-closure-primary-closurewith-t-tube-drainage-or-choledochoduodenostomy
#14
Bülent Aydinli, Gürkan Öztürk, Sabri Selçuk Atamanalp, Bünyami Özoğul, Şükrü Arslan, Ercan Korkut, Abdullah Kisaoğlu, Abdulmecit Kantarci, Rüstem Berhan Pirimoğlu, Mehmet İlhan Yildirgan, Nurhak Aksungur
BACKGROUND/AIM: Although common bile duct stones are generally treated endoscopically, surgery is required if endoscopic removal is impossible. The aim of this study was to compare the surgical options in such patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 282 patients with common bile duct stones underwent open choledochotomy; primary closure was applied in 48 (17.0%), primary closure with T-tube drainage in 81 (28.7%), and choledochoduodenostomy in 153 (54.3%) patients...
February 17, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511483/the-effect-of-hip-and-knee-exercises-on-pain-function-and-strength-in-patientswith-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Mehtap Şahin, Fikriye Figen Ayhan, Pınar Borman, Hüseyin Atasoy
BACKGROUND/AIM: The role of hip muscles in the rehabilitation of patellofemoral pain syndrome has recently received interest. The aim of this study was to compare the efficiencies of hip exercises alongside knee exercises versus only knee exercises on pain, function, and isokinetic muscle strength in patients with this syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-five young female patients (mean age: 34.1 ± 6.2 years; mean BMI: 25.9 ± 3.9 kg/m2) with patellofemoral pain syndrome were included...
February 17, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511343/the-utility-of-ebus-tbna-in-mediastinal-or-hilar-lymph-node-evaluation-in-extrapulmonary-malignancy
#16
Onur Fevzi Erer, Ceyda Anar, Serhat Erol, Serir Özkan
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in the diagnosis of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes (LNs) in patients with known extrapulmonary malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2011 and August 2013, 378 EBUS-TBNA procedures were performed. Sixty-three (16.6%) of these were performed on known extrapulmonary malignancy patients. RESULTS: There were 28 male and 35 female patients, with median ages of 65 years (min-max: 53-87) and 57 years (min-max: 39-76), respectively...
January 5, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513436/the-importance-of-coronary-angiography-for-ischemic-sign-confirmationdetected-by-myocardial-perfusion-scintigraphy
#17
LETTER
Ayşe Nurdan Korkmaz, Billur Çalişkan, Fatma Erdem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513435/serum-lithium-levels-are-associated-with-white-blood-cell-counts-in-bipolar-disorder
#18
LETTER
Murat İlhan Atagün, Şükrü Alperen Korkmaz, Çağlar Soykan, Derya Büyüköz, Serdar Süleyman Can, Ali Çayköylü
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513434/effects-of-naloxone-and-yohimbine-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-rabbit-model-study
#19
Sumera Sajjad, Sadia Tobassum, Umer Farooq, Husna Malik, Musadiq İdris
BACKGROUND/AIM: To assess the therapeutic effects of naloxone and yohimbine on polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in a rabbit model in terms of body weight and endocrinological parameters (luteinizing hormone, insulin, and estradiol). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 adult, reproductively mature female rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) were divided into five groups (n = 10/group). In the control group PCOS was not induced (negative control group), whereas in the remaining four groups (n = 40) PCOS was induced with a single i...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513433/effectiveness-of-a-single-versus-repeated-administration-of-trimetazidine-in-the-protection-against-warm-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-of-rat-liver
#20
Asma Mahfoudh Boussaid, Rabi Selmi, Mohamed Bejaoui, Kaouther Hadj Ayed, Mohamed Amine Zaouali, Hassen Ben Abdennebi
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of single and repeated trimetazidine (TMZ) administration against warm hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and to explore the possible mechanisms affected by TMZ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups (n = 6). Sham: rats were subjected to dissection. I/R: rats were subjected to 60 min of partial hepatic ischemia followed by 24 h of reperfusion. TMZ1: Same as I/R group but rats were pretreated with a single dose of TMZ (10 mg/kg, intraperitoneal injection) 30 min before warm ischemia...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
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