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Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease

E T Reas, G A Laughlin, D Kritz-Silverstein, E Barrett-Connor, L K McEvoy
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that moderate alcohol consumption may protect against cognitive decline and dementia. However, uncertainty remains over the patterns of drinking that are most beneficial. OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between amount and frequency of alcohol consumption with multiple domains of cognitive function in a well-characterized cohort of older community-dwelling adults in southern California. DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional cohort study...
September 2016: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
R J Kryscio, E L Abner, P T Nelson, D Bennett, J Schneider, L Yu, L S Hemmy, K O Lim, K Masaki, N Cairns, C Xiong, R Woltjer, H H Dodge, S Tyas, D W Fardo, W Lou, L Wan, F A Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Cerebral vascular pathology may contribute to cognitive decline experienced by some elderly near death. Given evidence for mixed neuropathologies in advanced age, preventing or reducing cerebrovascular burden in late life may be beneficial. OBJECTIVE: To correlate measures of cerebral vascular pathology with cognitive trajectories. SETTING: Observational study. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 2,274 individuals who came to autopsy at a mean age of 89...
June 2016: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
J Delrieu, S Andrieu, M Pahor, C Cantet, M Cesari, P J Ousset, T Voisin, B Fougère, S Gillette, I Carrie, B Vellas
OBJECTIVES: An international group proposed the existence of "cognitive frailty", a condition defined by simultaneous presence of physical frailty and cognitive impairment in the absence of dementia. The objective was to compare the neuropsychological profiles in subgroups of elders differentiated across their physical frailty (Fried phenotype) and cognitive status (Clinical Dementia Rating score) to characterize the "cognitive frailty" entity. METHOD: We studied baseline characteristics of 1,617 subjects enrolled in Multidomain Alzheimer Disease Preventive Trial (MAPT)...
June 2016: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
R J Kryscio, E L Abner, G A Jicha, P T Nelson, C D Smith, L J Van Eldik, W Lou, D W Fardo, G E Cooper, F A Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Subjective memory complaints are common in aged persons, indicating an increased, but incompletely understood, risk for dementia. OBJECTIVE: To compare cognitive trajectories and autopsy results of individuals with subjective complaints after stratifying by whether a subsequent clinical dementia occurred. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: University of Kentucky cohort with yearly longitudinal assessments and eventual autopsies...
March 2016: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
Dorene M Rentz, Maria Dekhtyar, Julia Sherman, Samantha Burnham, Deborah Blacker, Sarah L Aghjayan, Kathryn V Papp, Rebecca E Amariglio, Adrian Schembri, Tanya Chenhall, Paul Maruff, Paul Aisen, Bradley T Hyman, Reisa A Sperling
BACKGROUND: Technological advances now make it feasible to administer cognitive assessments at-home on mobile and touch-screen devices such as an iPad or tablet computer. Validation of these techniques is necessary to assess their utility in clinical trials. OBJECTIVES: We used a Computerized Cognitive Composite for Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease (C3-PAD) developed for iPad 1) to determine the feasibility of performing the C3-PAD at home by older individuals without the presence of a trained psychometrician; 2) to explore the reliability of in-clinic compared to at-home C3-PAD performance and 3) to examine the comparability of C3-PAD performance to standardized neuropsychological tests...
March 2016: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
P J Smith, J A Blumenthal
Cognitive decline is an increasingly important public health problem, with more than 100 million adults worldwide projected to develop dementia by 2050. Accordingly, there has been an increased interest in preventive strategies that diminish this risk. It has been recognized that lifestyle factors including dietary patterns, may be important in the prevention of cognitive decline and dementia in later life. Several dietary components have been examined, including antioxidants, fatty acids, and B vitamins. In addition, whole dietary eating plans, including the Mediterranean diet (MeDi), and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, with and without weight loss, have become areas of increasing interest...
March 2016: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
A M Wessels, E R Siemers, P Yu, S W Andersen, K C Holdridge, J R Sims, K Sundell, Y Stern, D M Rentz, B Dubois, R W Jones, J Cummings, P S Aisen
It is generally recognized that more sensitive instruments for the earliest stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are needed. The integrated Alzheimer's Disease Rating Scale (iADRS) combines scores from 2 widely accepted measures, the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog) and the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study - instrumental Activities of Daily Living (ADCS-iADL). Disease progression and treatment differences as measured by the iADRS were analyzed using data from solanezumab EXPEDITION, EXPEDITION2, and EXPEDITION-EXT Studies; semagacestat IDENTITY Study; and donepezil ADCS - mild cognitive impairment (ADCS-MCI) Study...
December 1, 2015: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
Gad A Marshall, Maria Dekhtyar, Jonathan M Bruno, Kamal Jethwani, Rebecca E Amariglio, Keith A Johnson, Reisa A Sperling, Dorene M Rentz
BACKGROUND: Impairment in activities of daily living is a major burden for Alzheimer's disease dementia patients and caregivers. Multiple subjective scales and a few performance-based instruments have been validated and proven to be reliable in measuring instrumental activities of daily living in Alzheimer's disease dementia but less so in amnestic mild cognitive impairment and preclinical Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE: To validate the Harvard Automated Phone Task, a new performance-based activities of daily living test for early Alzheimer's disease, which assesses high level tasks that challenge seniors in daily life...
December 2015: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
C G Lyketsos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
M Soto, S Abushakra, J Cummings, J Siffert, P Robert, B Vellas, C G Lyketsos
The management of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) such as agitation and aggression is a major priority in caring for people with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Agitation and aggression (A/A) are among the most disruptive symptoms, and given their impact, they are increasingly an important target for development of effective treatments. Considerable progress has been made in the last years with a growing number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of drugs for NPS. The limited benefits reported in some RCTs may be accounted for by the absence of a biological link of the tested molecule to NPS and also by key methodological issues...
September 2015: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
S Hendrix, N Ellison, S Stanworth, L Tierney, F Mattner, W Schmidt, B Dubois, A Schneeberger
BACKGROUND: Optimized scales and composite outcomes have been proposed as a way to more accurately measure Alzheimer's disease related decline. AFFITOPE® AD02, is an amyloid-beta (Aβ)-targeting vaccine to elicit anti-Aβ antibodies. IMM-AD04, commonly known as Alum, originally designated as a control agent, appeared to have disease-modifying activity in a multicenter, parallel group phase II study in early AD patients. OBJECTIVES: To develop adapted outcomes for cognition, function and a composite scale with improved sensitivity to decline and treatment effects in early AD (mild plus prodromal AD) based on historical data and to assess these adapted outcomes in this phase II study...
June 2015: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
A S Atkins, I Stroescu, N B Spagnola, V G Davis, T D Patterson, M Narasimhan, P D Harvey, R S E Keefe
Clinical trials for primary prevention and early intervention in preclinical AD require measures of functional capacity with improved sensitivity to deficits in healthier, non-demented individuals. To this end, the Virtual Reality Functional Capacity Assessment Tool (VRFCAT) was developed as a direct performance-based assessment of functional capacity that is sensitive to changes in function across multiple populations. Using a realistic virtual reality environment, the VRFCAT assesses a subject's ability to complete instrumental activities associated with a shopping trip...
June 2015: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
B Vellas, R Bateman, K Blennow, G Frisoni, K Johnson, R Katz, J Langbaum, D Marson, R Sperling, A Wessels, S Salloway, R Doody, P Aisen
For Alzheimer's disease treatment trials that focus on the pre-dementia stage of disease, outcome measures are needed that will enable assessment of disease progression in patients who are clinically normal. The EU/US CTAD Task Force, an international collaboration of investigators from industry, academia, non-profit foundations, and regulatory agencies, met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, on November 19, 2014 to discuss existing and novel outcome assessments that may be useful in pre-dementia trials. Composite measures that assess changes in episodic memory, executive function, global cognition, and global function have recently been developed by a number of groups and appear to be sensitive at this stage...
June 2015: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
R A Sperling, R E Amariglio, G A Marshall, D M Rentz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
G E Crichton, M F Elias, A Davey, A Alkerwi, G A Dore
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined whether cognitive function predicts dietary intake. The majority of research has focused on how diet can influence cognitive performance or risk for cognitive impairment in later life. The aim of this study was to examine prospective relationships between cognitive performance and dietary intake in participants of the Maine-Syracuse Longitudinal Study. DESIGN: A prospective study with neuropsychological testing at baseline and nutritional assessments measured a mean of 18 years later...
March 2015: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
D Marson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
J B Langbaum, S Hendrix, N Ayutyanont, D A Bennett, R C Shah, L L Barnes, F Lopera, E M Reiman, P N Tariot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
E L Abner, R J Kryscio, A M Caban-Holt, F A Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Subjective memory complaints reflect patient-identified deficits in memory and have been linked to increased risk of future dementia in nondemented (including cognitively intact) older adults. OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk of incident dementia during follow-up for participants in the Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease with Vitamin E and Selenium (PREADVISE) study who reported memory complaints at baseline. DESIGN: Double-blind, placebo controlled 2×2 randomized controlled trial that transformed into an observational cohort following discontinuation of supplementation in the SELECT parent trial...
March 2015: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
Sylvia Villeneuve, William J Jagust
Vascular risk factors (e.g. hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes) are well known risk factors for Alzheimer' disease. These vascular risk factors lead to vascular brain injuries, which also increase the likelihood of dementia. The advent of amyloid PET imaging has helped establish that vascular risk factors also lead to Alzheimer's disease via pathways that are independent from vascular brain injuries, at least, when vascular brain injuries are measured as white matter lesions and infarcts. While vascular brain injuries (white matter lesions and infarcts) do not seem to influence amyloid pathology, some evidence from amyloid imaging suggests that increased vascular risk is related to increased amyloid burden...
March 2015: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
P S Aisen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
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