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Lancet Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776774/association-of-disrupted-circadian-rhythmicity-with-mood-disorders-subjective-wellbeing-and-cognitive-function-a-cross-sectional-study-of-91-105-participants-from-the-uk-biobank
#1
Laura M Lyall, Cathy A Wyse, Nicholas Graham, Amy Ferguson, Donald M Lyall, Breda Cullen, Carlos A Celis Morales, Stephany M Biello, Daniel Mackay, Joey Ward, Rona J Strawbridge, Jason M R Gill, Mark E S Bailey, Jill P Pell, Daniel J Smith
BACKGROUND: Disruption of sleep and circadian rhythmicity is a core feature of mood disorders and might be associated with increased susceptibility to such disorders. Previous studies in this area have used subjective reports of activity and sleep patterns, but the availability of accelerometer-based data from UK Biobank participants permits the derivation and analysis of new, objectively ascertained circadian rhythmicity parameters. We examined associations between objectively assessed circadian rhythmicity and mental health and wellbeing phenotypes, including lifetime history of mood disorder...
May 15, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776773/circadian-rhythms-and-mental-health-wearable-sensing-at-scale
#2
Aiden Doherty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776772/circular-time
#3
Kelley Swain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773478/preventive-strategies-for-mental-health
#4
REVIEW
Celso Arango, Covadonga M Díaz-Caneja, Patrick D McGorry, Judith Rapoport, Iris E Sommer, Jacob A Vorstman, David McDaid, Oscar Marín, Elena Serrano-Drozdowskyj, Robert Freedman, William Carpenter
Available treatment methods have shown little effect on the burden associated with mental health disorders. We review promising universal, selective, and indicated preventive mental health strategies that might reduce the incidence of mental health disorders, or shift expected trajectories to less debilitating outcomes. Some of these interventions also seem to be cost-effective. In the transition to mental illness, the cumulative lifetime effect of multiple small effect size risk factors progressively increases vulnerability to mental health disorders...
May 14, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754991/prolonged-exposure-to-job-strain-and-long-term-mental-disorders
#5
Sabir I Giga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754990/the-role-of-job-strain-in-understanding-midlife-common-mental-disorder-a-national-birth-cohort-study
#6
Samuel B Harvey, Dilan A Sellahewa, Min-Jung Wang, Josie Milligan-Saville, Bridget T Bryan, Max Henderson, Stephani L Hatch, Arnstein Mykletun
BACKGROUND: Long-standing concerns exist about reverse causation and residual confounding in the prospective association between job strain and risk of future common mental disorders. We aimed to address these concerns through analysis of data collected in the UK National Child Development Study, a large British cohort study. METHODS: Data from the National Child Development Study (n=6870) were analysed by use of multivariate logistic regression to investigate the prospective association between job strain variables at age 45 years and risk of future common mental disorders at age 50 years, controlling for lifetime psychiatric history and a range of other possible confounding variables across the lifecourse...
May 10, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731412/comparison-of-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-an-intensive-community-supported-discharge-service-versus-treatment-as-usual-for-adolescents-with-psychiatric-emergencies-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Dennis Ougrin, Richard Corrigall, Jason Poole, Toby Zundel, Mandy Sarhane, Victoria Slater, Daniel Stahl, Paula Reavey, Sarah Byford, Margaret Heslin, John Ivens, Maarten Crommelin, Zahra Abdulla, Daniel Hayes, Kerry Middleton, Benita Nnadi, Eric Taylor
BACKGROUND: Intensive community treatment to reduce dependency on adolescent psychiatric inpatient care is recommended in guidelines but has not been assessed in a randomised controlled trial in the UK. We designed a supported discharge service (SDS) provided by an intensive community treatment team and compared outcomes with usual care. METHODS: Eligible patients for this randomised controlled trial were younger than 18 years and had been admitted for psychiatric inpatient care in the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust...
May 3, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731411/early-supported-discharge-getting-adolescents-back-on-track
#8
George C Patton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731410/breastfeeding-and-lithium-is-breast-always-best
#9
Megan Galbally, Veerle Bergink, Simone N Vigod, Anne Buist, Philip Boyce, Prabha Chandra, Rolland Kohan, Louise M Howard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728332/3-4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine-mdma-assisted-psychotherapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-service-personnel
#10
Andrea Cipriani, Philip J Cowen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728331/3-4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine-mdma-assisted-psychotherapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-military-veterans-firefighters-and-police-officers-a-randomised-double-blind-dose-response-phase-2-clinical-trial
#11
Michael C Mithoefer, Ann T Mithoefer, Allison A Feduccia, Lisa Jerome, Mark Wagner, Joy Wymer, Julie Holland, Scott Hamilton, Berra Yazar-Klosinski, Amy Emerson, Rick Doblin
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent in military personnel and first responders, many of whom do not respond to currently available treatments. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-assisted psychotherapy for treating chronic PTSD in this population. METHODS: We did a randomised, double-blind, dose-response, phase 2 trial at an outpatient psychiatric clinic in the USA. We included service personnel who were 18 years or older, with chronic PTSD duration of 6 months or more, and who had a Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS-IV) total score of 50 or greater...
April 30, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685808/in-defence-of-the-biopsychosocial-model
#12
Linda Gask
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680468/experiencing-mental-health-diagnosis-a-systematic-review-of-service-user-clinician-and-carer-perspectives-across-clinical-settings
#13
REVIEW
Amorette Perkins, Joseph Ridler, Daniel Browes, Guy Peryer, Caitlin Notley, Corinna Hackmann
Receiving a mental health diagnosis can be pivotal for service users, and it has been described in both positive and negative terms. What influences service-user experience of the diagnostic process is unclear; consequently, clinicians report uncertainty regarding best practice. This Review aims to understand and inform diagnostic practice through a comprehensive synthesis of qualitative data on views and experiences from key stakeholders (service users, clinicians, carers, and family). We searched five databases and identified 78 papers for inclusion, originating from 13 countries and including 2228 participants...
April 18, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678679/formal-thought-disorders-from-phenomenology-to-neurobiology
#14
REVIEW
Tilo Kircher, Henrike Bröhl, Felicitas Meier, Jennifer Engelen
Formal thought disorder (FTD) is present in most psychiatric disorders and in some healthy individuals. In this Review, we present a comprehensive, integrative, and multilevel account of what is known about FTD, covering genetic, cellular, and neurotransmitter effects, environmental influences, experimental psychology and neuropsychology, brain imaging, phenomenology, linguistics, and treatment. FTD is a dimensional, phenomenologically defined construct, which can be clinically subdivided into positive versus negative and objective versus subjective symptom clusters...
April 17, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653874/traumatic-brain-injury-and-dementia
#15
Carol Brayne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653873/long-term-risk-of-dementia-among-people-with-traumatic-brain-injury-in-denmark-a-population-based-observational-cohort-study
#16
Jesse R Fann, Anette Riisgaard Ribe, Henrik Schou Pedersen, Morten Fenger-Grøn, Jakob Christensen, Michael Eriksen Benros, Mogens Vestergaard
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been associated with increased risk of dementia; however, large-scale studies with long follow-up have been scarce. We investigated the association between TBI, including severity and number of TBIs, and the subsequent long-term risk of dementia. METHODS: We did a nationwide population-based observational cohort study in Denmark using information on citizens from national registries. We used the Danish Civil Registration System to establish a population-based cohort consisting of all people born in Denmark who were living in the country on Jan 1, 1995, and who were at least 50 years old at some point during follow-up (between 1999 and 2013)...
April 10, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628365/building-capacity-for-global-mental-health-research-challenges-to-balancing-clinical-and-research-training
#17
Maria A Oquendo, Cristiane Duarte, Lidia Gouveia, Jair J Mari, Marcelo F Mello, Carolyn M Audet, Ilana Pinsky, Sten H Vermund, Ana O Mocumbi, Milton L Wainberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628364/antidepressants-might-work-for-people-with-major-depression-where-do-we-go-from-here
#18
Andrea Cipriani, Georgia Salanti, Toshi A Furukawa, Matthias Egger, Stefan Leucht, Henricus G Ruhe, Erick H Turner, Lauren Z Atkinson, Anna Chaimani, Julian P T Higgins, Yusuke Ogawa, Nozomi Takeshima, Yu Hayasaka, Hissei Imai, Kiyomi Shinohara, Aran Tajika, John P A Ioannidis, John R Geddes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628363/mind-and-spirit-hypnagogia-and-religious-experience
#19
Adam J Powell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625762/effectiveness-of-preventive-cognitive-therapy-while-tapering-antidepressants-versus-maintenance-antidepressant-treatment-versus-their-combination-in-prevention-of-depressive-relapse-or-recurrence-drd-study-a-three-group-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Claudi L H Bockting, Nicola S Klein, Hermien J Elgersma, Gerard D van Rijsbergen, Christien Slofstra, Johan Ormel, Erik Buskens, Jack Dekker, Peter J de Jong, Willem A Nolen, Aart H Schene, Steven D Hollon, Huibert Burger
BACKGROUND: Keeping individuals on antidepressants after remission or recovery of major depressive disorder is a common strategy to prevent relapse or recurrence. Preventive cognitive therapy (PCT) has been proposed as an alternative to maintenance antidepressant treatment, but whether its addition would allow tapering of antidepressants or enhance the efficacy of maintenance antidepressant treatment is unclear. We aimed to compare the effectiveness of antidepressants alone, with PCT while tapering off antidepressants, or PCT added to antidepressants in the prevention of relapse and recurrence...
April 3, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
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