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Lancet Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890322/how-should-cost-of-illness-studies-be-interpreted
#1
Brendan Kennelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890321/general-hospital-costs-in-england-of-medical-and-psychiatric-care-for-patients-who-self-harm-a-retrospective-analysis
#2
Apostolos Tsiachristas, David McDaid, Deborah Casey, Fiona Brand, Jose Leal, A-La Park, Galit Geulayov, Keith Hawton
BACKGROUND: Self-harm is an extremely common reason for hospital presentation. However, few estimates have been made of the hospital costs of assessing and treating self-harm. Such information is essential for planning services and to help strengthen the case for investment in actions to reduce the frequency and effects of self-harm. In this study, we aimed to calculate the costs of hospital medical care associated with a self-harm episode and the costs of psychosocial assessment, together with identification of the key drivers of these costs...
September 7, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888927/the-effects-of-improving-sleep-on-mental-health-oasis-a-randomised-controlled-trial-with-mediation-analysis
#3
Daniel Freeman, Bryony Sheaves, Guy M Goodwin, Ly-Mee Yu, Alecia Nickless, Paul J Harrison, Richard Emsley, Annemarie I Luik, Russell G Foster, Vanashree Wadekar, Christopher Hinds, Andrew Gumley, Ray Jones, Stafford Lightman, Steve Jones, Richard Bentall, Peter Kinderman, Georgina Rowse, Traolach Brugha, Mark Blagrove, Alice M Gregory, Leanne Fleming, Elaine Walklet, Cris Glazebrook, E Bethan Davies, Chris Hollis, Gillian Haddock, Bev John, Mark Coulson, David Fowler, Katherine Pugh, John Cape, Peter Moseley, Gary Brown, Claire Hughes, Marc Obonsawin, Sian Coker, Edward Watkins, Matthias Schwannauer, Kenneth MacMahon, A Niroshan Siriwardena, Colin A Espie
BACKGROUND: Sleep difficulties might be a contributory causal factor in the occurrence of mental health problems. If this is true, improving sleep should benefit psychological health. We aimed to determine whether treating insomnia leads to a reduction in paranoia and hallucinations. METHODS: We did this single-blind, randomised controlled trial (OASIS) at 26 UK universities. University students with insomnia were randomly assigned (1:1) with simple randomisation to receive digital cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for insomnia or usual care, and the research team were masked to the treatment...
September 6, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888926/sleep-improvement-by-internet-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-might-help-prevent-mental-health-disorders
#4
Tea Lallukka, Børge Sivertsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882707/functional-connectivity-of-large-scale-brain-networks-in-patients-with-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-an-observational-study
#5
Michael Peer, Harald Prüss, Inbal Ben-Dayan, Friedemann Paul, Shahar Arzy, Carsten Finke
BACKGROUND: In anti-NMDA receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis, antibody-mediated dysfunction of NMDARs causes severe neuropsychiatric symptoms, including psychosis, memory deficits, and movement disorders. However, it remains elusive how antibody-mediated NMDAR dysfunction leads to these symptoms, and whether the symptoms arise from impairment in specific brain regions and the interactions between impaired regions. METHODS: In this observational study, we recruited 43 patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis from a tertiary university hospital and 43 age-matched and sex-matched healthy controls without a history of neurological or psychiatric disorders, who were recruited from the general population of Berlin...
September 4, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882706/can-functional-connectivity-diagnose-autoantibody-associated-encephalitides
#6
Natalie Voets
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803031/neurofeedback-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#7
Winfried Rief
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803030/neurofeedback-sham-neurofeedback-and-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-triple-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Michael Schönenberg, Eva Wiedemann, Alexander Schneidt, Jonathan Scheeff, Alexander Logemann, Philipp M Keune, Martin Hautzinger
BACKGROUND: Many studies suggest that electroencephalographic (EEG) neurofeedback might be beneficial in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, numbers of well controlled studies are low and neurofeedback techniques are regarded as highly controversial. The present trial examined the efficacy (compared with sham neurofeedback) and efficiency (compared with meta-cognitive therapy) of a standard EEG neurofeedback protocol in adults with ADHD. METHODS: We did a concurrent, triple-blind, randomised, controlled trial using authorised deception in adults with ADHD from one centre (University of Tübingen) in Tübingen, Germany...
August 9, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781208/the-blood-brain-barrier-in-psychosis
#9
REVIEW
Thomas A Pollak, Svetlana Drndarski, James M Stone, Anthony S David, Philip McGuire, N Joan Abbott
Blood-brain barrier pathology is recognised as a central factor in the development of many neurological disorders, but much less is known about the role of the blood-brain barrier in psychiatric disorders. We review post-mortem, serum-biomarker, CSF-biomarker, and neuroimaging studies that have examined blood-brain barrier structure and function in schizophrenia and related psychoses. We consider how blood-brain barrier dysfunction could relate to glutamatergic and inflammatory abnormalities, which are increasingly understood to play a part in the pathogenesis of psychosis...
August 3, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757132/side-effects-associated-with-ketamine-use-in-depression-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Brooke Short, Joanna Fong, Veronica Galvez, William Shelker, Colleen K Loo
This is the first systematic review of the safety of ketamine in the treatment of depression after single and repeated doses. We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Databases and identified 288 articles, 60 of which met the inclusion criteria. After acute dosing, psychiatric, psychotomimetic, cardiovascular, neurological, and other side-effects were more frequently reported after ketamine treatment than after placebo in patients with depresssion. Our findings suggest a selective reporting bias with limited assessment of long-term use and safety and after repeated dosing, despite these being reported in other patient groups exposed to ketamine (eg, those with chronic pain) and in recreational users...
July 27, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750822/linking-cannabis-use-to-depression-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours
#11
Laura M Huckins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750821/corrections
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736102/antipsychotic-drugs-for-the-acute-treatment-of-patients-with-a-first-episode-of-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-with-pairwise-and-network-meta-analyses
#13
Yikang Zhu, Marc Krause, Maximilian Huhn, Philipp Rothe, Johannes Schneider-Thoma, Anna Chaimani, Chunbo Li, John M Davis, Stefan Leucht
BACKGROUND: The first episode of schizophrenia is a pivotal phase of this debilitating illness. Which drug to use remains controversial without a summary of all direct or indirect comparisons of drugs. We did a systematic review with pairwise and network meta-analyses of efficacy and tolerability. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Biosis, and ClinicalTrials.gov for randomised controlled trials of antipsychotics for the acute treatment of first-episode schizophrenia, published up to Nov 17, 2016...
July 20, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711282/who-qualityrights-transforming-mental-health-services
#14
Michelle Funk, Natalie Drew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689019/common-versus-specific-factors-in-psychotherapy-opening-the-black-box
#15
REVIEW
Roger Mulder, Greg Murray, Julia Rucklidge
Do psychotherapies work primarily through the specific factors described in treatment manuals, or do they work through common factors? In attempting to unpack this ongoing debate between specific and common factors, we highlight limitations in the existing evidence base and the power battles and competing paradigms that influence the literature. The dichotomy is much less than it might first appear. Most specific factor theorists now concede that common factors have importance, whereas the common factor theorists produce increasingly tight definitions of bona fide therapy...
July 5, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687480/ending-hiv-hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-c-what-about-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#16
Milton Wainberg, Lisa Dixon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901942/white
#17
Kelley Swain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901941/panorama-s-prescription
#18
Carmine Pariante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901940/light-and-shade
#19
Stephen Ginn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901939/one-of-the-more-unusual-talents-dreams-that-money-can-buy
#20
Laura Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
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