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Enzymes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360817/preface
#1
EDITORIAL
Fuyuhiko Tamanoi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360816/nanoparticle-delivery-of-twist-small-interfering-rna-and-anticancer-drugs-a-therapeutic-approach-for-combating-cancer
#2
Carlotta A Glackin
Breast and ovarian cancer are the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women in the United States with over 232,000 new Breast Cancer (BC) diagnoses expected in 2018 and almost 40,000 deaths and an estimated 239,000 new ovarian cancer (OC) cases and 152,000 deaths worldwide annually. OC is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy. This high mortality rate is due to tumor recurrence and metastasis, primarily caused by chemoresistant cancer stem-like cells (CSCs). Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) patients also become resistant to chemotherapy due to recurrence of CSCs...
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360815/tumor-targeting-and-tumor-growth-inhibition-capability-of-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-in-mouse-models
#3
Tan Le Hoang Doan, Ngoc Xuan Dat Mai, Kotaro Matsumoto, Fuyuhiko Tamanoi
Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) provide a promising vehicle for anticancer drug delivery. Various animal studies point to the efficacy of this nanoparticle for delivering anticancer agents (drug and siRNA) to inhibit tumor growth. These studies also showed tumor accumulation of MSN nanoparticles. While the extent of tumor accumulation differed, the study showed that it is possible to achieve significant accumulation of nanoparticles in the tumor. Biocompatibility and safety of MSN were also demonstrated by these studies...
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360814/drug-delivery-and-bone-infection
#4
María Vallet-Regí, Montserrat Colilla, Isabel Izquierdo-Barba
Bone infection represents greatest challenge in public health care with serious social and economic implications. The efforts of the scientific community are focused in the development of innovative and advanced biomaterials with anti-infective properties related to their non-fouling, bactericidal and/or antibiofilm capabilities. This chapter aims at thoroughly surveying the different approaches based on silica mesoporous materials (SMMs) for bone infection management. Bacteria repelling surfaces by zwitterionization process, bactericidal effect by implantable devices with antimicrobial local delivery agents and antibiofilm effect by more sophisticated systems based on targeted nanocarriers will be considered...
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360813/organosilica-nanoparticles-and-medical-imaging
#5
Michihiro Nakamura
Medical imaging technology using nanoparticles has several advantages from it varies functional properties. As we described previous chapters, mesoporous silica nanoparticles demonstrated great contribution for nanomedicine progress and it has been expected to cause an innovation in medical field. Recently we developed a novel type of silica nanoparticles, organosilica nanoparticles. Organosilica nanoparticles are both structurally and functionally different from common silica nanoparticles by including mesoporous silica nanoparticles...
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360812/layered-silicates-as-a-possible-drug-carrier
#6
Soontaree Grace Intasa-Rad, Makoto Ogawa
The potential of layered silicates as drug carrier is overviewed. Due to their large surface area and expandable interlayer space to accommodate drug molecules, layered silicates have a potential as carrier of various molecules. In addition to the electrostatic interactions between negatively charged layered silicates and positively charged drug molecules, the organic modification of the surface of layered silicates has been applied to accommodate a variety of drug molecules not only cationic ones. The in vitro release experiment of the accommodated drug molecules has been reported under the acidic conditions...
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360811/synthesis-and-optical-applications-of-periodic-mesoporous-organosilicas
#7
Shinji Inagaki
Periodic mesoporous organosilicas (PMOs), synthesized via surfactant-directed self-assembly of a polysilylated organic precursor (R[Si(OR')3 ]n ; n≥2, R: organic group), are promising candidates such as catalysts and adsorbents, and for use in optical and electrical devices, owing to their high surface area, well-defined nanoporous structure, and highly functional organosilica framework. Their framework functionality can be widely tuned by selecting appropriate organic groups and controlling their arrangement...
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360810/anticancer-drug-delivery-capability-of-biodegradable-pmo-in-the-chicken-egg-tumor-model
#8
Kotaro Matsumoto, Tan Le Hoang Doan, Ngoc Xuan Dat Mai, Keigo Nakai, Aoi Komatsu, Fuyuhiko Tamanoi
Biodegradable PMO (Periodic Mesoporous Organosilica) has emerged as a promising type of mesoporous silica based nanoparticles for clinical translation. We as well as others have synthesized and characterized three types of nanoparticles containing disulfide, tetrasulfide or peptide-like bonds within their framework. Biodegradable PMO has high drug loading efficiency and can be taken up into cancer cells. Our experiments utilizing the chicken egg tumor model uncovered excellent capability to accumulate and deliver anticancer drugs to the tumor...
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360809/preparation-and-controllability-of-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles
#9
Eisuke Yamamoto, Kazuyuki Kuroda
Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) have attracted great attention because of their high surface area, large pore volume, transparency, biocompatibility, and high cell-uptake efficiency. Such unique properties allow the use of these materials such as catalysts, drug carriers, and optical materials. This chapter introduces the preparation of MSNs and some recent developments in the preparation of MSNs with precisely controlled particle size, pore size, functionality, and morphology.
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244810/preface
#10
EDITORIAL
Fuyuhiko Tamanoi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244809/mesoporous-silica-based-nanoparticles-for-light-actuated-biomedical-applications-via-near-infrared-two-photon-absorption
#11
Jonas G Croissant, Jean-Olivier Durand
In this review, we highlight the design of nanomaterials for two-photon excitation, in order to treat tumors with a high accuracy. Indeed two-photon excitation allows remote control of the nanoparticles with a spatio-temporal resolution. The nanomaterials are based on mesoporous silica-organosilica nanoparticles including core-shell systems. The therapeutic treatments include drug delivery, photodynamic therapy, gene silencing, and their combinations. At first, the nanosystems designed for two-photon-triggered cytotoxic drug delivery are reviewed...
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244808/stimuli-responsive-nanomachines-and-caps-for-drug-delivery
#12
Navnita Kumar, Wei Chen, Chi-An Cheng, Tian Deng, Ruining Wang, Jeffrey I Zink
In this review we focus on methods that are used to trap and release on command therapeutic drugs from mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs). The pores in the MSNs are large enough to accommodate a wide range of cargo molecules such as anticancer and antibiotic drugs and yet small enough to be blocked by a variety of bulky molecules that act as caps. The caps are designed to be tightly attached to the pore openings and trap the cargo molecules without leakage, but upon application of a designed stimulus detach from the nanoparticles and release the cargo...
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244807/biodegradable-silica-based-nanoparticles-dissolution-kinetics-and-selective-bond-cleavage
#13
Jonas G Croissant, C Jeffrey Brinker
Silica-based nanomaterials are extensively used in industrial applications and academic biomedical research, thus properly assessing their toxicity and biodegradability is essential for their safe and effective formulation and use. Unfortunately, there is often a lot of confusion in the literature with respect to the toxicity and biodegradability of silica since various studies have yielded contradictory results. In this contribution, we first endeavor to underscore that the simplistic model of silica should be discarded in favor of a more realistic model recognizing that all silicas are not created equal and should thus be considered in the plural as silicas and silica hybrids, which indeed hold various biocompatibility and biodegradability profiles...
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244806/biodistribution-and-excretion-of-intravenously-injected-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-implications-for-drug-delivery-efficiency-and-safety
#14
Mika Lindén
Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) are currently attracting a high interest for use as drug carriers in vivo. To date only data on the biodistribution in small animals are available. As any nanoparticle system, the MSNs typically accumulate in the RES organs lung, liver, and spleen upon intravenous (i.v.) administration. However, the literature data are partly inconclusive, which can be connected to the wide variability of the experimental designs, differing for example in particle size and shape, mesopore size, and surface functionalization, as well as the animal models used, the amount administered, and the means for particle detection...
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244805/the-bioimaging-applications-of-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles
#15
Feby Wijaya Pratiwi, Chiung Wen Kuo, Si-Han Wu, Yi-Ping Chen, Chung Yuan Mou, Peilin Chen
The unique features of Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles (MSNs) provide a suitable platform to carry fluorescence dyes for various bioimaging applications. Several strategies have been developed to conjugate a variety of dyes either in the pores or on the surfaces of MSNs to form the fluorescence MSNs (FMSNs). In this chapter, we will discuss recent research progress and future development of FMSNs for living system imaging. We will first describe different strategies for the fabrications of FMSNs. Then, we will discuss the recent developments of cellular and intracellular imaging including self-probe for the interactions of FMSNs with the cells, receptor and organelle labeling, sensing and tracking of biological system, and monitoring the drug delivery and release processes...
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244804/structure-characterization-of-mesoporous-materials-by-electron-microscopy
#16
Yanhang Ma, Yaping Zhang, Lu Han, Shunai Che, Osamu Terasaki
The structural analysis of silica mesoporous crystals (SMCs) is a key step for understanding their properties, especially toward drug delivery. Although various techniques can be applied, electron crystallography has been proved the most powerful method in the structure solution of mesoporous materials. In this chapter, we will begin with introducing basic crystallography and extend to the 3D structure solution using a set of HRTEM images. Typical examples will also be given to show the structure features of 2D, 3D, cage-type, and hyperbolic surface-type mesostructures...
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244803/controlled-release-with-emphasis-on-ultrasound-induced-release
#17
Maria Vallet-Regi, Miguel Manzano, Alejandro Baeza
Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) represent a promising approach to be used as nanocarriers because they fulfill some basic criteria: biocompatibility, high loading capacity and possibility of easy surface modifications. As a consequence, MSNs have been employed to design sophisticated stimuli-responsive nanocarriers able to release the entrapped cargo on demand. Among those stimuli ultrasound (US) is considered as one of the most promising triggers for drug delivery systems due to the high tissue-penetrating capability and non-invasiveness...
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30244802/overview-of-studies-regarding-mesoporous-silica-nanomaterials-and-their-biomedical-application
#18
Maria Vallet-Regi, Fuyuhiko Tamanoi
Synthesis of mesoporous silica nanomaterials occurred in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Since then, we have seen dramatic increase in the number of publication dealing with this nanomaterial. In particular, there have been a large number of publications regarding biomedical application of mesoporous silica nanoparticles including their use in cancer therapy and diagnosis. Various surface modification strategies have been explored to enhance drug loading and to target them to tumor. In addition, the nanoparticles have been armed with controlled release capability...
2018: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054273/preface
#19
EDITORIAL
Tony Y Hu, Fuyuhiko Tamanoi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054272/insights-on-the-hla-binding-peptidome-in-cancer
#20
Douglas F Lake
The intracellular compartments for proteolytic antigen processing in tumor cells produce peptides that are presented by MHC molecules to T cells. But first, the ubiquitin ligase system tags defective, misfolded, aged, and unstable proteins for degradation through the proteasome. Ubiqitinated proteins are unfolded and fed into the barrel-shaped core of the proteasome where a collection of multiple different proteases cleave proteins into oligopeptides. After exiting the proteasome, these oligopeptides are either completely degraded into amino acids or trimmed at the N- and C-termini so that they bind to transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP)...
2017: Enzymes
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