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Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600270/intrapelvic-protrusion-of-a-broken-guide-wire-fragment-during-fixation-of-a-femoral-neck-fracture
#1
Uttam Chand Saini, Nirmal Raj Gopinathan, Sameer Aggarwal, Ramesh Sen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600269/acute-combined-median-and-radial-nerve-palsies-after-distal-humeral-shaft-fracture
#2
Shalin Patel, Dafang Zhang, Brandon E Earp
We report a case of a 29-year-old man who presented with a distal humeral shaft fracture sustained by blunt trauma. Physical examination and nerve conduction study were consistent with injury to the median and radial nerves proximal to the elbow. The patient underwent open reduction and internal fixation of the humeral shaft fracture with neurolysis of the median and radial nerves. Repeat electromyography at 6 months postoperatively showed recruitment of motor units in all muscles sampled, in keeping with clinical improvement...
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600268/healing-of-complete-tear-of-the-anterior-talofibular-ligament-and-early-ankle-stabilization-after-autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Mark Wai Wah Lai, Regina Wing Shan Sit
Lateral Ankle sprain (LAS) is a common sports injury associated with recurrent ankle sprain, chronic ankle instability (CAI) and post-traumatic ankle osteoarthritis (PTOA). Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) has been increasingly used for herapeutic applications in sports-related injuries, and is thought to stimulate tissue healing. We reported a case of LAS with complete tear of anterior talofibular ligament, which showed complete healing of ligament and early ankle stabilization after PRP. The healing is supported by dynamic ultrasound images and magnetic resonance imaging...
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600267/epineural-sleeve-reconstruction-technique-for-median-nerve-complete-transection
#4
Spyridon P Galanakos, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Christos Vottis, George A Macheras, Ioannis Ignatiadis
In microsurgical nerve repair, the epineural sleeve technique can be used to bridge short nerve defects and to cover the coaptation site with the epineurium of the nerve stump. The epineurium serves as a mechanical aid to reduce gap size, and increase repair strength, effectively assisting nerve regeneration. This article presents a 32-year-old patient who experienced complete transection of the median nerve at the distal forearm, which was treated with the epineural sleeve graft reconstruction technique. Nerve regeneration was followed-up for 18 months and evaluated with the Rosén and Lundborg scoring system...
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600266/clinical-outcome-of-anatomical-transportal-arthroscopic-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-hamstring-tendon-autograft
#5
Omid Shahpari, Moslem FallahKezabi, Hamid Hejrati Kalati, Farshid Bagheri, Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh
Background: Good clinical outcome and return to sport and daily functions after anatomical arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is goal standard in this surgery. but to date, there are different challenging issues between orthopedic surgeons regarding graft selection and surgical techniques. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the patients who underwent anatomical arthroscopic one bundle ACL reconstruction with quadruple hamstring tendon autograft from 2010 to 2016 in our orthopedic sport medicine center...
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600265/comparison-of-clinical-results-between-patellar-resurfacing-and-non-resurfacing-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-short-term-evaluation
#6
Mohammad H Kaseb, Mohammad N Tahmasebi, Sm Javad Mortazavi, Mohammad R Sobhan, Mohammad H Nabian
Background: There is no difference in the functional outcomes 6 months after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for knee osteoarthritis between patellar resurfacing and non-resurfacing. Thus, we have performed this study to compare the short-term clinical outcomes of TKA performed with and without the patella resurfacing. Methods: A total of 50 patients with osteoarthritis of the knee (OAK) were randomized to receive patellar resurfacing (n=24; resurfaced group) or to retain their native patella (n=26; non-resurfaced group) based on envelope selection and provided informed consent...
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600264/reliability-and-validity-of-the-swiss-spinal-stenosis-questionnaire-for-iranian-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#7
Afshin Ahmadzadeh Heshmati, Moghaddameh Mirzaee
Background: The purpose of this study was validation of the Persian translation of the Swiss Spinal Stenosis Questionnaire in order to be used by Iranian researchers. Methods: A total of 104 patients with spinal stenosis diagnosis, who were candidates for operative treatment were entered into the study. The patients completed the translated questionnaire in the 1st and the 7th days of admission and 6 months after surgery. Visual analogue scale was used to determine the severity of the pain in the1st day and the 6th month...
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600263/combination-of-high-tibial-osteotomy-and-autologous-bone-marrow-derived-cell-implantation-in-early-osteoarthritis-of-knee-a-preliminary-study
#8
Marco Cavallo, Sayyed-Hadi Sayyed-Hosseinian, Alessandro Parma, Roberto Buda, Massimiliano Mosca, Sandro Giannini
Background: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a recommended treatment for medial compartment knee osteoarthritis. Newer cartilage regenerative procedures may add benefits to the results of HTO. In this prospective study we have investigated the safety and also results of HTO associated with autologous bone marrow derived cells (BMDC) implantation in relatively young and middle aged active individuals with early osteoarthritis of the knee. Methods: A total of 24 patients (mean age of 47...
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600262/the-stabilising-effect-of-the-anterior-oblique-ligament-to-prevent-directional-subluxation-at-the-trapeziometacarpal-joint-of-the-thumb-a-biomechanical-cadaveric-study
#9
Mark R McCann, Philippa A Rust, Robert Wallace
Background: The trapeziometacarpal joint (TMCJ) is inherently unstable, relying on ligament restraint to prevent subluxation. Subluxation of the thumb in a dorsoradial direction is often observed in clinical practice, either after acute ligament injury or more commonly with osteoarthritis (OA). This subluxation follows loss of function of trapeziometacarpal ligaments that stabilise this joint, resisting the deforming force of abductor pollicis longus (APL). The exact ligaments that stabilise and prevent the thumb from the pull of APL causing dorsoradial subluxation remain unknown, although the anterior oblique ligament (AOL) has been implicated...
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600261/total-knee-replacement-sizing-shoe-size-is-a-better-predictor-for-implant-size-than-body-height
#10
Sarah Trainor, Jamie Collins, Hannah Mulvey, Wolfgang Fitz
Background: Various sizes of implants need to be available during surgery. The purpose of this paper is to compare body height and shoe size with implant sizes in patients who underwent total knee replacement surgery to see which biomarker is a better predictor for preoperative planning to determine implant size. Methods: A total of 100 knees, belonging to 50 females and 50 males, were observed. Participants' body height and shoe size were collected and correlated to implant sizes of a current, frequently used, standard total knee replacement (TKR) implant...
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600260/current-concepts-in-scaffolding-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#11
REVIEW
Toktam Ghassemi, Azadeh Shahroodi, Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh, Alireza Mousavian, Jebraeel Movaffagh, Ali Moradi
Bone disorders are of significant worry due to their increased prevalence in the median age. Scaffold-based bone tissue engineering holds great promise for the future of osseous defects therapies. Porous composite materials and functional coatings for metallic implants have been introduced in next generation of orthopedic medicine for tissue engineering. While osteoconductive materials such as hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate ceramics as well as some biodegradable polymers are suggested, much interest has recently focused on the use of osteoinductive materials like demineralized bone matrix or bone derivatives...
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600259/the-most-appropriate-reconstruction-method-following-giant-cell-tumor-curettage-a-biomechanical-approach
#12
EDITORIAL
Azadeh Ghouchani, Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh, Gholamreza Rouhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430501/modified-internal-fixation-technique-for-acromio-clavicular-ac-joint-dislocation-the-hidden-knot-technique
#13
Hamidreza Aslani, Fateme Mirzaee, Zohreh Zafarani, Shahin Salehi
Acromioclavicular (AC) joint injuries are common and often seen in contact athletes, resulting from a fall on the shoulder tip with adducted arm. This joint is stabilized by both static and dynamic structures including the coracoclavicular (CC) ligament. Most reconstruction techniques focus on CC ligament augmentation as the primary stabilizer of the AC joint. The best surgical technique for some AC joint dislocations is still controversial. In this study, we explained a modification of the CC ligament reconstruction technique described by Wellmann...
January 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430500/topiramate-induced-neuropathy-mimicking-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-case-report
#14
Jigar S Gandhi, Michael Rivlin
Carpel tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a condition in which median nerve compression results in paresthesias and pain in the wrist and hand. We are going to report a rare case of topiramate-induced neuropathy which clinically resembles CTS. Discontinuation of topiramate resulted in spontaneous resolution of numbness, paresthesia and pain in a few days. High clinical suspicion is advised in patients who are on topiramate and present with signs of compressive neuropathy. Level of evidence: V.
January 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430499/translation-and-validation-of-the-persian-version-the-boston-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-questionnaire
#15
Golnaz Ghayyem Hassankhani, Ali Moradi, Ali Birjandinejad, Ehsan Vahedi, Amir R Kachooei, Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh
Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is recognized as the most common type of neuropathies. Questionnaires are the method of choice for evaluating patients with CTS. Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (BCTS) is one of the most famous questionnaires that evaluate the functional and symptomatic aspects of CTS. This study was performed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Persian version of BCTS questionnaire. Methods: First, both parts of the original questionnaire (Symptom Severity Scale and Functional Status Scale) were translated into Persian by two expert translators...
January 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430498/a-comparison-between-single-and-double-tourniquet-technique-in-distal-upper-limb-orthopedic-surgeries-with-intravenous-regional-anesthesia
#16
Mohammad Haghighi, Mohsen Mardani-Kivi, Ahmadreza Mirbolook, Samaneh Ghazanfar Tehran, Nasim Ashouri Saheli, Keyvan Hashemi-Motlagh, Khashayar Sahbe-Ekhtiari
Background: Several studies have put an effort to minimize the tourniquet pain and complications after conventional double tourniquet intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA). We expressed in our hypothesis that an upper arm single wide tourniquet (ST) may serve a better clinical efficacy rather than the conventional upper arm double tourniquet (DT) in distal upper extremity surgeries. Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, 80 patients undergoing upper limb orthopedic surgeries were randomized into two groups...
January 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430497/evaluation-of-bone-mineral-density-in-perimenopausal-period
#17
Zhaleh Shariati-Sarabi, Hamid Etemad Rezaie, Nasrin Milani, Farnaz Etemad Rezaie, Ali Etemad Rezaie
Background: The menopausal transition called perimenopause, happens after the reproductive years, and is specified with irregular menstrual cycles, perimenopause symptoms and hormonal changes. Women going through peri menopausal period are vulnerable to bone loss . Osteoporosis is one of the most common debilitating metabolic bone diseases, especially in the women almost around 50 years. This study was intended to evaluate the prevalence of osteopenia/osteoporosis amongst asymptomatic individuals during the menopause transition period...
January 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430496/injury-to-the-infrapatellar-branch-of-the-saphenous-nerve-during-acl-reconstruction-with-hamstring-tendon-autograft-a-comparison-between-oblique-and-vertical-incisions
#18
Hamid Mousavi, Mohammad Mohammadi, Hossein Akbari Aghdam
Background: Injury to the infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve (IPBSN) is common after arthroscopic ACL reconstruction with hamstring tendon autograft, as reported in up to 88% of the cases. Due to close relationship between the IPBSN with pes anserine tendons insertion skin incision may sever IPBSN while harvesting gracillis and semitendinous tendons. As the IPBSN course at the anterior of knee is oblique, we hypothesized a parallel skin incision with nerve passage may decrease nerve injury...
January 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430495/a-comparison-of-the-postoperative-complications-between-two-drainage-methods-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#19
Fardin Mirzatolooei, Ali Tabrizi, Maryamsadat Mokaram Gargari
Background: The role of wound drainage after total knee arthroplasty is still considered controversial as although closed drainage systems have been believed to be effective in decreasing the post-operative complications, they could also facilitate the bleeding and increase the rate of transfusion and infection. We have conducted the current study to compare the outcomes superficial subcutaneous, one deep, and two deep drain techniques after total knee arthroplasty. Methods: Between 2014 and 2015 sixty consecutive patients were prospectively selected and underwent primary total knee arthroplasty...
January 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430494/elastic-stable-intramedullary-nailing-of-femoral-shaft-fracture-experience-in-48-children
#20
Rajesh Govindasamy, Ramkumar Gnanasundaram, Saravanan Kasirajan, Syed Ibrahim, Jimmy Joseph Melepuram
Background: Femoral shaft fractures are an incapacitating pediatric injury accounting for 1.6% of all pediatric bony injuries. Management of these fractures is largely directed by age, fracture pattern, associated injuries, built of the child and socioeconomic status of the family. We retrospectively evaluated the use of elastic stable intramedullary nail (ESIN) in surgical management of femoral shaft fractures in children and its complications. Methods: Fifty two children were treated with titanium elastic nails (TEN) from June 2009 to June 2014 at our institution...
January 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
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