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Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery

Farzad Omidi-Kashani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Hadi Makhmalbaf, Omid Shahpari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Konstantin Igorevich Novikov, Oleg Vladimirovich Klimov, Koushik Narayan Subramanyam, Andrey Sergeevich Neretin, Olga Stepanovna Novikova
Limb lengthening by Ilizarov lengthens not just the long bone, but also the soft tissues too. Damage of the muscles during corticotomy and their stretching during distraction play a crucial role in occurrence of complications and final limb function. We present here a systematic codified nomenclature system of each muscle summarising all the influence that corticotomy and distraction have the particular muscle and demonstrate the same in the setting of tibial lengthening. This scheme helps the surgeon easily recollect what all muscles are involved in what all ways in each level of corticotomy thus enabling him to watch out for complications thereof and monitor and accordingly modify the limb lengthening process...
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Hassan Ghandhari, Maryam Ameri Mahabadi, Farshad Nikouei, Saeed Sabbaghan, Abouzar Azizi, Alireza Mirzaei, Behrooz Givehchian
Background: Sagittal imbalance is known as the main radiographic driver of disability in adult spinal deformity (ASD). In this study, the association of radiological spinopelvic parameters and clinical outcomes was evaluated following the corrective surgery of sagittal imbalance, in order to explore the predictive ability of each parameter. Methods: A total of 23 patients, who underwent corrective osteotomy for restoration of sagittal balance, were included in this study...
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Taghi Baghdadi, Nima Bagheri, Seyyed Saeed Khabiri, Hadi Kalantar
Background: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is one of the most important and challenging conditions in the field of pediatric orthopedics; if not diagnosed and treated in time, it would lead to remarkable morbidity. Methods of treatment based on the patient's age can vary. The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of Salter osteotomy surgery in two groups of patients under and over three years old. Methods: In this retrospective study, medical records of patients who had undergone innominate Salter osteotomy, within the past ten years, due to non-pathological DDH were collected...
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Arash Peivandi Yazdi, Alireza Bameshki, Maryam Salehi, Gholamhosein Kazemzadeh, Majid Sharifian Razavi, Shaghayegh Rahmani, Seyed Isaac Hashemy
Background: Anesthesia is performed in two major methods including regional and general.The aim of this study was to compare the effect of anesthesia method (spinal and general) on oxidative stress in diabetic patients underwent diabetic amputation surgery. Methods: In this randomized control trial, 40 patients with diabetic foot who were candidate for foot amputation surgery at our academic hospital in 2013, were selected and divided into two groups based on anesthesia method...
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Sahil Gaba, Naman Wahal, Deepak Gautam, Hemant Pandit, Vijay Kumar, Rajesh Malhotra
Background: Oxford medial unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is indicated in patients with anteromedial osteoarthritis (AMOA) of the knee. Microplasty (MP) instrumentation was introduced in 2012 as an improvement over phase 3 instrumentation. Advantages of this instrumentation include conservative tibial cut, decreased tibial re-cut rate and improved component alignment. We report the results of UKR with the new instrumentation in a consecutive series with a minimum follow-up of 2 years...
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
David N Bernstein, Hao-Hua Wu, Harry E Jergesen
Background: Although it has been shown that perioperative protocols enhance arthroplasty care and safety, it is not known how prevalent their use is in safety net hospitals, which operate with a mandate to treat the poor and underserved. Understanding the elements currently included in standard perioperative arthroplasty protocols at various institutions may help guide future interventions and policy aimed at improving underserved patients' outcomes. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, safety net hospitals were asked to complete a survey over the phone, via email or in person regarding existence and elements of perioperative management protocols for total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Hamidreza Yazdi, Ara Nazarian, Jim S Wu, Arash Amiri, Poopak Hafezi, Margaret Babikian, Amin Mohamadi, Reza Pakdaman, Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini
Background: The valgus cut angle (VCA) of the distal femur in Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) is measured preoperatively on three-joint alignment radiographs. The anatomical axis of the femur can be described as the anatomical axis of the full length of the femur or as the anatomical axis of the distal half of the femur, which may result in different angles in some cases. During TKA, the anatomical axis of the femur is determined by intramedullary femoral guides, which may follow the distal half or near full anatomical axis, based on the length of the femoral guide...
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Alexis A Williams, Eric H Tischler, Daniel Sholder, Thema A Nicholson, Mitchell G Maltenfort, Charles Getz, Gerald Williams, Surena Namdari
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine patient-specific risk factors and clinical intervention rates for abnormal postoperative Chem-7 panels in shoulder arthroplasty patients. Methods: Retrospectively, all primary anatomic total (aTSA) and reverse shoulder (RTSA) arthroplasties (between 2007-2013) performed at a single institution were identified. All patients underwent routine preoperative and postoperative day one (POD1) chemistry panels. Each clinically significant component of the Chem-7 panel was independently evaluated using a multivariate analysis to identify risk factors for abnormal results...
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Daniel G Tobert, Mariano E Menendez, David C Ring, Neal C Chen
Background: The "July effect" is a colloquialism asserting an increased rate of errors at the start of the academic year in teaching hospitals. This retrospective population-based study evaluated for the presence of the July effect in performing shoulder arthroplasty. Methods: Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample for 2002 through 2011, a total of 178,590 patients undergoing shoulder arthroplasty at academic medical centers were identified and separated into 2 groups: 1) patients admitted during July and 2) patients admitted between August and June...
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Ali Khaji, Bagher Larijani, Seyed Mohammad Ghodsi, Mohammad A Mohagheghi, Hammid R Khankeh, Soheil Saadat, Seyed Mahmoud Tabatabaei, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh
Background: Industrialization could bring risk of Technological Disaster (TD) such as happened in Chernobyl, Bhopal and Fukushima crisis. Little has been discussed about its related ethical issues. In this study, we aimed to investigate ethical issues have been stated for technological disasters. Methods: A systematic search was conducted on the main international literature databases including Pubmed, Embase, Scopus and ISI (Jan 1, 2000 to Jan 1, 2018). From 64articles were eligible for investigation of ethical issues in Natural disaster, 6 was related to Technological Disaster...
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Khodamorad Jamshidi, Mohamad Gharehdaghi, Sami Sam Hajialiloo, Masoud Mirkazemi, Kamran Ghaffarzadehgan, Azra Izanloo
Recent studies suggest that Denosumab reduces tumor size, therefore, makes the surgery easier with lower morbidity. However, some studies have reported several complications for this drug. So, this systematic review was performed to determine the effectiveness and safety of Denosumab in reducing bone destructions activity of giant cell tumor and skeletal-related events (SRE) in affected patients with giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB) and its recurrence. We explored studies in PubMed, and Cochrane Library. For this purpose, articles of various levels were retrieved until October 22, 2016...
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Santiago Pache, Zachary S Aman, Mitchell Kennedy, Gilberto Y Nakama, Gilbert Moatshe, Connor Ziegler, Robert F LaPrade
Meniscal root tears are defined as radial tears located within 1 cm from the meniscal attachment or a bony root avulsion. This injury is biomechanically comparable to a total meniscectomy, leading to compromised hoop stresses resulting in decreased tibiofemoral contact area and increased contact pressures in the involved compartment. These changes are detrimental to the articular cartilage and ultimately lead to the development of early osteoarthritis. Surgical repair is the treatment of choice in patients without significant osteoarthritis (Outerbridge grades 3 or 4)...
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Mohammad Hassani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Rajesh Malhotra, Deepak Gautam, Bhavuk Garg, Anjan Trikha
We wish to present a case of 47-year-old patient with Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis and ankylosis of both hips and both knees treated by bilateral hip and knee arthroplasty in a single anaesthesia i.e. Quadruple joint replacement in single sitting. He was back on his feet from his bed-ridden state within the fortnight following surgery. He has been followed up for four years and has been performing his activities of daily living independently. We discuss the preoperative planning, surgical details and post-operative rehabilitation and unique challenges pertaining to this case...
May 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Konstantin Igorevich Novikov, Koushik Narayan Subramanyam, Sergey V Kolesnikov, Oleg K Chegurov, Elina S Kolesnikova, Abhishek V Mundargi
Ilizarov is an accepted technique for lengthening short amputation stumps to improve prosthetic function and rehabilitation. The relation of stump lengthening and phantom limb pain (PLP) has not been reported in literature. We present here a case report of a transfemoral amputee who had a flare up of PLP following stump lengthening. He responded well to a combination of pharmacological therapy and soft tissue manipulative techniques and desired length was achieved. This report alerts the possibility of aggravation of PLP following stump lengthening and discusses its management...
May 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Sayyed-Hadi Sayyed-Hosseinian, Golnaz Ghayyem Hassankhani, Farshid Bagheri, Niloufar Alavi, Babak Shojaie, Alireza Mousavian
Background: American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS) is a reliable and reproducible measurement tool which is commonly used for the assessment of foot and ankle conditions. In this study we aimed to translate and assess the psychometric properties of the Persian version of AOFAS questionnaire. Methods: In this study, we enrolled 53 patients with ankle and hindfoot conditions. Our study was conducted according to five staged cross-cultural adaption steps including translation, synthesis, back translation, expert committee review, and pretesting...
May 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Fei Wu, Amir R Kachooei, Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh, Farshid Bagheri, Ehsan Hakimi, Babak Shojaie, Ara Nazarian
Background: We hypothesize that there is no difference in the motion of the scapula with respect to the thoracic wall (scapulothoracic interface) between the affected versus non-affected shoulder on 0° and 90° standard arm abduction radiography. Methods: We enrolled 30 patients with the diagnosis of unilateral frozen shoulder after ruling out of other pathologies. Bilateral standard shoulder radiography was done in two position of 0° and 90° of arm abduction...
May 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Zari Naderi Ghale-Noie, Mohammad Hassani, Amir R Kachooei, Mohammad A Kerachian
Background: Diagnosis of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is complicated due to the lack of reliable serum biomarkers. Up-regulation of alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M) gene has been reported in glucocorticoid-induced ANFH rat model. This study aimed to investigate whether the serum level of alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M) can be used for ONFH diagnosis. Methods: Serum protein capillary electrophoresis was performed on the sera of 36 ONFH patients. Also, human enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to evaluate the serum levels of A2M...
May 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
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