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Developmental Period Medicine

Regina Wierzejska, Katarzyna Wolnicka, Mirosław Jarosz, Joanna Jaczewska-Schuetz, Anna Taraszewska, Magdalena Siuba-Strzelińska
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess caffeine intake from cola beverages and energy drinks, as well as the consumption frequency among primary-school-age children in relation to other dietary habits. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 329 children (aged 11-13 years) from five randomly selected schools in Warsaw. Caffeine intake was assessed from a food frequency questionnaire. The face-to-face interview method was selected. RESULTS: 89...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Zbigniew Kułaga, Beata Gurzkowska, Aneta Grajda, Małgorzata Wojtyło, Magdalena Góźdź, Mieczysław Litwin
UNLABELLED: The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in a current, nationally representative, random sample of pre-school-aged children in Poland and to compare their overweight and obesity rates with their peers from the US and Norway. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The height and weight were measured in a total of 5026 randomly sampled children aged 2-6 years and their Body Mass Index was calculated. The prevalence of overweight including obesity was determined using three definitions, i...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Grażyna Krzemień, Agnieszka Szmigielska, Przemysław Bombiński, Marzena Barczuk, Agnieszka Biejat, Stanisław Warchoł, Teresa Dudek-Warchoł
BACKGROUND: Hydronephrosis is the one of the most common congenital abnormalities of urinary tract. The left kidney is more commonly affected than the right side and is more common in males. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the role of ultrasonography, renal dynamic scintigraphy and lowerdose computed tomography urography in preoperative diagnostic workup of infant with extreme hydronephrosis. CASE REPORT: We presented the boy with antenatally diagnosed hydronephrosis...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Elżbieta Krzesiek, Barbara Iwańczak, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz, Dariusz Patkowski
Hematoma duodenum is a very rare complication of diagnostic endoscopy of the upper gastrointestinal tract when biopsy of the duodenum is performed (average frequency is estimated as 1:1,250 biopsies). Most often, it affects children and young adults without any risk factors. Symptoms result from obstruction of the duodenum and compression of the adjacent structures. Conservative treatment, which consists of parenteral nutrition and aspiration of gastric contents until the absorption of hematoma and patency of the gastrointestinal tract returns, is preferred...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Dorota Lewartowska-Nyga, Grażyna Skotnicka-Klonowicz
Head injuries in children, especially minor head injuries, still constitute a important diagnostic and therapeutic problem. Despite progress in medical sciences, there is no definition of minor head injury or standards of the management of children with a minor head injury. In consequence, the diagnostic procedure in the child who does not show any signs of central nervous system damage as a result of head injury is individual and depends on the experience and knowledge of the aid provider and as well as procedures established in a given ward...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Ryszard Lauterbach, Ewa Kamińska, Piotr Michalski, Jan Paweł Lauterbach
Lactoferrin is an iron-binding glycoprotein, which is present in most biological fluids with particularly high levels in colostrum and in mammalian milk. Bovine lactoferrin is more than 70% homologous with human lactoferrin. Most of the clinical trials have used bovine lactoferrin for supplementation. This review summarizes the recent advances in explaining the mechanisms, which are responsible for the multifunctional roles of lactoferrin, and presents its potential prophylactic and therapeutic applications...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Hanna Mierzewska, Magdalena Mierzewska-Schmidt, Gajja S Salomons, Magdalena Dudzińska, Elżbieta Szczepanik
Alexander Disease (ALXDRD) is an autosomal dominant leukodystrophy caused by mutation in one allele of GFAP gene, encoding glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Most cases occur due to de novo. There are three clinical subtypes of ALXDRD: infantile, juvenile and adult form, but congenital form is also outlined. The disease's spectrum comprises of macrocephaly, progressive pyramidal signs, and seizures in congenital and infantile subtypes. Neuropathologically are enormous number of Rosenthal fibers (RF) mainly around vessels, in subependymal and subpial regions are found...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Agnieszka Szmigielska, Grażyna Krzemień, Maria Roszkowska-Blaim, Ewa Obersztyn
UNLABELLED: The prevalence of obesity in children is still rising all over the world. The most common reason for significant weight gain is a high-calorie diet and decreased physical activity. However, apart from environmental factors, genetic predisposition plays a crucial role in the pathomechanism of obesity. We present the case of a boy with pathological obesity and Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS). BBS is a ciliopathy, a heterogeneous group of rare disorders associated with defects in primary cilia...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Agnieszka Stembalska, Izabela Łaczmańska, Justyna Gil, Karolina A Pesz
BACKGROUND: Fragile X syndrome (FXS), one of the manifestations of FMR1-related disorders, is one of the most frequent genetic causes of intellectual disability. In over 99% of all cases it results from the expansion of CGG repeats in the 5'-untranslated region of the FMR1 gene and presents in males and in about 50% of the females with an FMR1 full mutation, usually with a milder phenotype. OBJECTIVE: Although the morphologic and behavioral phenotype in males is a well-recognized entity, the presentation in females is variable and not as specific...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Beata Modzelewska
One hundred and twenty years after the description of extracts from the adrenal medulla, the use of beta-blockers and beta-agonists evolved from antianginal drugs and tocolytics to ligand-directed signaling. Beta-blockers in the fields of obstetrics and gynecology have so far been limited to the consideration of continuing treatment of disorders of the cardiovascular system and other dysfunctions that started before pregnancy. Studies in recent years have shown that beta-adrenoceptor signaling might be crucial in carcinogenesis and metastasis, apoptosis and anoikis...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Barbara Kowalewska-Kantecka
According to the WHO statement, exclusive breastfeeding is the best way of feeding for newborn and infants. This paper presents methods to protect breastfeeding used in the world and in our country.
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Magdalena Bednarczyk
According to the international and regional and european recommendations exclusive breast feeding for first 6 months of infant's life is the aim to achieve. Advantages of breast feeding and policy of breast feeding promotion were discussed in the article. Immaturity and/or functional disorders of sucking and anatomical disorders of oral cavity such as cleft lip, cleft palate, short frenulum of the tongue, were showed to be the most common causes of breast feeding problems. Proceedings promoting breast feeding in prenature infants according to lactation early stimulation programme for tertiary Neonatal and Obstetrical Units (2014) were also presented...
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Barbara Kowalewska-Kantecka
During the first 6 months exclusive breast feeding is the best way of feeding for newborn and infants . According to the WHO statement exclusive breastfeeding should be continued last 6 months and then up to 2 years or longer. This paper presents benefits of breastfeeding - breast milk components and bioactive factors. Breast milk protects nutrition and caloric needs and has positive influence on child brain and gastrointestinal tract creating physiological colonization - microbiota. Bacterial colonization of alimentary tract during breast-feeding creates positive bacterial flora and has positive influence on gut-brain axis- GBA...
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Agata Michalska, Maciej Szczukocki, Zofia Szwilling, Janusz Wendorff
Asymmetry in infants is a clinical condition in which abnormal body shape, posture or mobility is observed. It is characterized by diverse etiology, localization and severity. The most frequently noted kind is idiopathic asymmetry. Symptomatic asymmetry is less frequent and a variety of structural or systemic disorders underlie this disease. The dynamics of child development in the first year of life makes it necessary for clinicians to give an early diagnosis of asymmetry, which has a significant impact on the expected course of its development and intervention strategies...
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Ewa Kamińska, Matylda Hennig, Agnieszka Brandt, Joanna Bautembach Minkowska, Małgorzata Myśliwiec
Children with familial hypercholesterolemia have very high total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol levels in blood which may result in endothelial dysfunction and increase in carotid intima-media thickness. When untreated in childhood, familial hypercholesterolemia is associated with a premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in adulthood. According to the results of clinical studies in children with familial hypercholesterolemia conducted in the last two decades, as well as statements of American Heart Association (AHA), American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and Polish Statement called Stanowisko Ekspertów Lipidowych, the recommendations of treatment were published...
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Agnieszka Sikorska, Dorota Cudziło, Maja Matthews-Kozanecka, Renata Turska-Malińska
Incorrect oral habits, such as dysfunctions and parafunctions, may lead to the development of mastication anomalies. The present analysis covered 15 publications from the years 2005-2015, examining the impact of harmful oral habits and dysfunctions on the development of mastication anomalies. Based on the literature review, it can be stated that malocclusion is common in populations worldwide, irrespective of the racial background. The malocclusion severity is related to harmful habits and dysfunctions co-occurring during individual development...
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Joanna Mazur, Hanna Nałęcz, Dorota Kleszczewska, Agnieszka Małkowska-Szkutnik, Alberto Borraccino
INTRODUCTION: Reliable information on the influence of behavioural factors on adolescent mental health may help to implement more effective intervention programmes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether physical activity influences the variability of selected indices of mental health. METHODS: The study comprised 2,015 students aged 15-16, who were investigated as part of the HBSC survey (Health Behaviour in School-aged Children) in the 2013/14 school year...
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Paulina Marczyńska, Katarzyna Kowalkowska, Renata Kuczyńska, Mieczysława Czerwionka-Szaflarska, Aneta Krogulska
Psychosocial conditions may have influence on the occurrence of functional abdominal pain. Anxiety, school-related difficulties and suppression of emotions negatively impact on the psychosocial condition of a child and could impede its treatment. AIM: The analysis of the psychosocial determinants of functioning of children and adolescents with functional abdominal pain. Meterial and methods: The study group comprised 58 patients (12 boys and 46 girls) from 9 to 17 years of age (av. 13...
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Maria Wilińska, Małgorzata Warakomska, Ewa Głuszczak-Idziakowska, Teresa Jackowska
INTRODUCTION: There are significant delays in implementing vaccination among preterm infants. OBJECTIVES: Description of the frequency and kinds of adverse events following immunization in preterms. Establishment of the group of preterms who will distinctively be susceptible to adverse events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographical, clinical data and the occurrence of adverse events after DTaP, HIB and pneumococcal vaccination among preterms during their initial hospitalization were prospectively collected with the use of an electronic data form between 1st June 2011 and 31st May 2015...
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Anna Binkiewicz-Glińska, Anna Mianowska, Michał Sokołów, Anna Reńska, Katarzyna Ruckeman-Dziurdzińska, Stanisław Bakuła, Ewa Kozłowska
Skull deformations affect approximately 45% of newborn babies, the most common ones being: plagiocephaly, brachycephaly and scaphocephaly. The first symptoms can be observed 4 to 8 weeks after birth. The causes of skull deformation in newborns can be divided into congenital ones and those acquired after birth. An increase in the incidence of acquired head deformations can be attributed to the "BACK TO SLEEP" campaign, carried out in 1992 by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), which was aimed to reduce the frequency of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) by placing babies to sleep in the supine position...
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
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