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Developmental Period Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551695/down-syndrome-increased-risk-of-dementia-and-lipid-disturbances
#1
Anna Kłosowska, Agnieszka Ćwiklińska, Agnieszka Kuchta, Agata Berlińska, Maciej Jankowski, Jolanta Wierzba
Down syndrome (DS) is the most common chromosomal aberration and genetically determined cause of intellectual disability. DS patients often present with some congenital defects and chronic diseases, including early onset dementia, which affects 70% of DS patients over 55 years of age and has a clinical presentation similar to Alzheimer disease (AD). The symptoms of DS originate from excessive genetic material within the "critical region" of the 21st chromosome. The "critical region" encompasses genes potentially associated with increase risk of dementia, e...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551694/-association-of-the-meaning-of-life-with-satisfaction-the-occurrence-of-subjective-complaints-and-the-family-s-economic-status-in-the-population-of-lower-secondary-school-students
#2
Dorota Zawadzka, Magdalena Stalmach, Anna Oblacińska, Izabela Tabak
INTRODUCTION: Feeling of meaning in life is extremely crucial factor of mental health. The lack of it can result in various disorders. Many authors, especially those connected with current of humanistic psychology underline the teenagers' life sense. THE AIM: The aim of the paper was to examine the level of satisfaction with life, the frequency of psychosomatic complaints by junior high school students as well as the estimation of economical status of family and the analysis of meaning in life with above mentioned factors...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551693/-can-infrascanner-be-useful-in-hospital-emergency-departments-for-diagnosing-minor-head-injury-in-children
#3
Dorota Lewartowska-Nyga, Kamil Nyga, Grażyna Skotnicka-Klonowicz
AIM: The aim of the study was to determine whether Infrascanner screening is a test which would facilitate excluding acute intracranial bleeding in children after minor head injury and thus make it possible to limit indications for computed tomography in those children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study enrolled 155 children aged 2-18 years after a minor or moderate head injury. The children were assessed using the Glasgow Coma Scale, examined by Infrascanner screening...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551692/when-do-paediatric-patients-with-familial-hypercholesterolemia-need-statin-therapy
#4
Matylda Hennig, Agnieszka Brandt, Joanna Bautembach-Minkowska, Dominik Świętoń, Agnieszka Mickiewicz, Magdalenia Chmara, Bartosz Wasąg, Ewa Kamińska, Anna Balcerska, Janusz Limon, Andrzej Rynkiewicz, Marcin Gruchała, Małgorzata Myśliwiec
INTRODUCTION: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is one of the most common autosomal dominant disorders. It is characterized by elevated LDL cholesterol levels occurring already by early childhood. Awareness of health risks in FH patients should incite health professionals to actively seek and treat children with lipid disorders to reduce their risk of myocardial infarction and stroke. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the suitability of taking into account the following parameters: ApoB/ApoA index, IMT and e-tracking examination, when initiating statin therapy in FH patients...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551691/meckel-s-diverticulum-a-congenital-defect-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract-underestimated-in-differential-diagnostics-own-experience
#5
Jolanta Pietrzak, Anna Obuchowicz, Dariusz Majda, Andrzej Kiedos
Meckel's diverticulum is a vestigial remnant of the omphalomesenteric duct. It is the most frequent defect of the gastrointestinal tract and is present in approx. 2% of the population: more often in boys than in girls, at a 3:1 ratio. Meckel's diverticulum causes clinical symptoms only in 4-6% of individuals. It is situated approximately 60-100 cm away from the Bauhin's valve. The wall of Meckel's diverticulum consists of all layers typical of the small intestine. It is usually approx. 2-3 cm long, but it can reach lengths of over 10 centimetres...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551690/neonatal-gartner-duct-cyst-two-case-reports-and-literature-review
#6
Charu Tiwari, Hemanshi Shah, Jayesh Desale, Mukta Waghmare
Vaginal cysts are rare, particularly in the newborn. They usually present as one of these three entities in the newborn: paraurethral cysts (Skene duct cysts), Gartner duct cysts (mesonephric ductal remnants) or a covered ectopic ureter. Abdominal ultrasound should always be included in the clinical evaluation in search of renal anomalies. We report two cases of Gartner cysts in neonates.
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551689/perinatal-mortality-and-morbidity-of-growth-restricted-fetuses-and-newborns-own-experience-first-report
#7
Katarzyna Pankiewicz, Tomasz Maciejewski
AIM: to evaluate the outcome of pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction with particular emphasis on the factors (fetal and maternal) related to perinatal mortality and morbidity of the fetus and newborn. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the documentation of 53 women admitted with the diagnosis of fetal growth restriction based on ultrasound examination (fetal biometry and fetal vessel Doppler abnormalities). 38 (71.7%) patients were referred to our department with the diagnosis of fetal growth restriction, whereas 15 (28...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551688/nutrition-of-infants-and-young-children-in-poland-pitnuts-2016
#8
Halina Weker, Marta Barańska, Agnieszka Riahi, Małgorzata Strucińska, Małgorzata Więch, Grażyna Rowicka, Hanna Dyląg, Witold Klemarczyk, Agnieszka Bzikowska, Piotr Socha
The study evaluating the feeding practices and the nutritional status of children aged 5 to 36 months in a general, Polish, representative population (n=1059) was carried out from May to July 2016. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feeding practices in children aged 5 to 36 months with regard to models of safe nutrition on the basis of the outcome of the population study performed in 2016. The data obtained show that the feeding practices in children in their first year of life do not meet the guidelines presented in the model of safe nutrition, particularly in matters of timing of complementary feeding introduction and food choice...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551687/recent-highlights-of-research-on-androgen-receptors-in-women
#9
Kamil Zaręba, Iwona Sidorkiewicz
In this brief review we present an outline of the current state of research on examples of hyperandrogenism that can be strongly associated with diverse modifications in the androgen signaling pathway. We discuss the most prominent clinical features of androgen excess and correlate them with studies on androgen receptor (AR) alterations. For the first time we summarize the confirmed localizations of all known AR receptors in women. The knowledge of ARs may be the basis for AR-targeted therapies of androgenic disorders in women, including malignancy, as it has recently been demonstrated for triple-negative breast cancer...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442701/caffeine-intake-from-carbonated-beverages-among-primary-school-age-children
#10
Regina Wierzejska, Katarzyna Wolnicka, Mirosław Jarosz, Joanna Jaczewska-Schuetz, Anna Taraszewska, Magdalena Siuba-Strzelińska
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess caffeine intake from cola beverages and energy drinks, as well as the consumption frequency among primary-school-age children in relation to other dietary habits. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 329 children (aged 11-13 years) from five randomly selected schools in Warsaw. Caffeine intake was assessed from a food frequency questionnaire. The face-to-face interview method was selected. RESULTS: 89...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442700/the-prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-polish-pre-school-aged-children
#11
Zbigniew Kułaga, Beata Gurzkowska, Aneta Grajda, Małgorzata Wojtyło, Magdalena Góźdź, Mieczysław Litwin
UNLABELLED: The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in a current, nationally representative, random sample of pre-school-aged children in Poland and to compare their overweight and obesity rates with their peers from the US and Norway. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The height and weight were measured in a total of 5026 randomly sampled children aged 2-6 years and their Body Mass Index was calculated. The prevalence of overweight including obesity was determined using three definitions, i...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442699/extreme-hydronephrosis-due-to-uretropelvic-junction-obstruction-in-infant-case-report
#12
Grażyna Krzemień, Agnieszka Szmigielska, Przemysław Bombiński, Marzena Barczuk, Agnieszka Biejat, Stanisław Warchoł, Teresa Dudek-Warchoł
BACKGROUND: Hydronephrosis is the one of the most common congenital abnormalities of urinary tract. The left kidney is more commonly affected than the right side and is more common in males. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the role of ultrasonography, renal dynamic scintigraphy and lowerdose computed tomography urography in preoperative diagnostic workup of infant with extreme hydronephrosis. CASE REPORT: We presented the boy with antenatally diagnosed hydronephrosis...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442698/-intramural-duodenal-hematoma-and-acute-pancreatitis-as-a-complication-of-diagnostic-biopsy-of-a-duodenal-6-year-old-boy
#13
Elżbieta Krzesiek, Barbara Iwańczak, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz, Dariusz Patkowski
Hematoma duodenum is a very rare complication of diagnostic endoscopy of the upper gastrointestinal tract when biopsy of the duodenum is performed (average frequency is estimated as 1:1,250 biopsies). Most often, it affects children and young adults without any risk factors. Symptoms result from obstruction of the duodenum and compression of the adjacent structures. Conservative treatment, which consists of parenteral nutrition and aspiration of gastric contents until the absorption of hematoma and patency of the gastrointestinal tract returns, is preferred...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442697/-minor-head-trauma-trivial-matter-or-sirious-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-problem-the-role-of-infrascanner-in-the-diagnostic-process
#14
Dorota Lewartowska-Nyga, Grażyna Skotnicka-Klonowicz
Head injuries in children, especially minor head injuries, still constitute a important diagnostic and therapeutic problem. Despite progress in medical sciences, there is no definition of minor head injury or standards of the management of children with a minor head injury. In consequence, the diagnostic procedure in the child who does not show any signs of central nervous system damage as a result of head injury is individual and depends on the experience and knowledge of the aid provider and as well as procedures established in a given ward...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442696/-lactoferrin-a-glycoprotein-of-great-therapeutic-potentials
#15
Ryszard Lauterbach, Ewa Kamińska, Piotr Michalski, Jan Paweł Lauterbach
Lactoferrin is an iron-binding glycoprotein, which is present in most biological fluids with particularly high levels in colostrum and in mammalian milk. Bovine lactoferrin is more than 70% homologous with human lactoferrin. Most of the clinical trials have used bovine lactoferrin for supplementation. This review summarizes the recent advances in explaining the mechanisms, which are responsible for the multifunctional roles of lactoferrin, and presents its potential prophylactic and therapeutic applications...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442695/alexander-disease-astrogliopathy-considered-as-leukodystrophy-experience-of-an-institution
#16
Hanna Mierzewska, Magdalena Mierzewska-Schmidt, Gajja S Salomons, Magdalena Dudzińska, Elżbieta Szczepanik
Alexander Disease (ALXDRD) is an autosomal dominant leukodystrophy caused by mutation in one allele of GFAP gene, encoding glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Most cases occur due to de novo. There are three clinical subtypes of ALXDRD: infantile, juvenile and adult form, but congenital form is also outlined. The disease's spectrum comprises of macrocephaly, progressive pyramidal signs, and seizures in congenital and infantile subtypes. Neuropathologically are enormous number of Rosenthal fibers (RF) mainly around vessels, in subependymal and subpial regions are found...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442694/polydactyly-and-obesity-the-clinical-manifestation-of-ciliopathy-a-boy-with-bardet-biedl-syndrome
#17
Agnieszka Szmigielska, Grażyna Krzemień, Maria Roszkowska-Blaim, Ewa Obersztyn
UNLABELLED: The prevalence of obesity in children is still rising all over the world. The most common reason for significant weight gain is a high-calorie diet and decreased physical activity. However, apart from environmental factors, genetic predisposition plays a crucial role in the pathomechanism of obesity. We present the case of a boy with pathological obesity and Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS). BBS is a ciliopathy, a heterogeneous group of rare disorders associated with defects in primary cilia...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442693/fragile-x-syndrome-in-females-a-familial-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Agnieszka Stembalska, Izabela Łaczmańska, Justyna Gil, Karolina A Pesz
BACKGROUND: Fragile X syndrome (FXS), one of the manifestations of FMR1-related disorders, is one of the most frequent genetic causes of intellectual disability. In over 99% of all cases it results from the expansion of CGG repeats in the 5'-untranslated region of the FMR1 gene and presents in males and in about 50% of the females with an FMR1 full mutation, usually with a milder phenotype. OBJECTIVE: Although the morphologic and behavioral phenotype in males is a well-recognized entity, the presentation in females is variable and not as specific...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442692/beta-adrenoceptors-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#19
REVIEW
Beata Modzelewska
One hundred and twenty years after the description of extracts from the adrenal medulla, the use of beta-blockers and beta-agonists evolved from antianginal drugs and tocolytics to ligand-directed signaling. Beta-blockers in the fields of obstetrics and gynecology have so far been limited to the consideration of continuing treatment of disorders of the cardiovascular system and other dysfunctions that started before pregnancy. Studies in recent years have shown that beta-adrenoceptor signaling might be crucial in carcinogenesis and metastasis, apoptosis and anoikis...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391257/-implementation-of-breastfeeding-promotion
#20
Barbara Kowalewska-Kantecka
According to the WHO statement, exclusive breastfeeding is the best way of feeding for newborn and infants. This paper presents methods to protect breastfeeding used in the world and in our country.
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
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