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Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287420/the-need-for-formal-evidence-synthesis-in-food-policy-a-case-study-of-willingness-to-pay
#1
Beth Clark, Lynn J Frewer, Luca A Panzone, Gavin B Stewart
Meta-analysis is increasingly utilised in the understanding of consumer behaviour, including in relation to farm animal welfare. However, the issue of publication bias has received little attention. As willingness-to-pay (WTP) is widely used in policy, it is important to explore publication bias. This research aimed to evaluate publication bias in WTP, specifically public WTP for farm animal welfare. A systematic review of four databases yielded 54 studies for random effects meta-analysis. Publication bias was assessed by the Egger test, rank test, contour-enhanced funnel plots, and the Vevea and Hedges weight-function model...
March 10, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282913/of-fur-feather-and-fin-human-s-use-and-concern-for-non-human-species
#2
Elizabeth Byrd, Nicole Olynk Widmar, Joan Fulton
The public's concern for animal welfare is evolving and it is important to consider factors that are related to concern for animals and their use by humans. An online survey of 825 U.S. residents was conducted. Relationships between approval of animal uses and stated concern for animal welfare were examined. More than 90% of respondents reported that using animals for egg production, service or therapy, pets, and milk production was acceptable to them. Respondents who were younger or reported being female less frequently found most uses acceptable than older or male respondents...
March 9, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282911/public-understanding-and-attitudes-towards-meat-chicken-production-and-relations-to-consumption
#3
Ihab Erian, Clive J C Phillips
Little is known about public knowledge of meat chicken production and how it influences attitudes to birds' welfare and consumer behaviour. We interviewed 506 members of the public in SE Queensland; Australia; to determine how knowledge of meat chicken production and slaughter links to attitudes and consumption. Knowledge was assessed from 15 questions and low scores were supported by respondents' self-assessed report of low knowledge levels and agreement that their knowledge was insufficient to form an opinion about which chicken products to purchase...
March 9, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282909/individual-ranging-behaviour-patterns-in-commercial-free-range-layers-as-observed-through-rfid-tracking
#4
Hannah Larsen, Greg M Cronin, Sabine G Gebhardt-Henrich, Carolynn L Smith, Paul H Hemsworth, Jean-Loup Rault
In this exploratory study, we tracked free-range laying hens on two commercial flocks with Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology with the aim to examine individual hen variation in range use. Three distinct outdoor zones were identified at increasing distances from the shed; the veranda [0-2.4 m], close range [2.4-11.4 m], and far range [>11.4 m]. Hens' movements between these areas were tracked using radio frequency identification technology. Most of the hens in both flocks (68.6% in Flock A, and 82...
March 9, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282889/statistical-evaluations-of-variations-in-dairy-cows-milk-yields-as-a-precursor-of-earthquakes
#5
Hiroyuki Yamauchi, Masashi Hayakawa, Tomokazu Asano, Nobuyo Ohtani, Mitsuaki Ohta
Previous studies have provided quantitative data regarding unusual animal behavior prior to earthquakes; however, few studies include long-term, observational data. Our previous study revealed that the milk yields of dairy cows decreased prior to an extremely large earthquake. To clarify whether the milk yields decrease prior to earthquakes, we examined the relationship between earthquakes of various magnitudes and daily milk yields. The observation period was one year. In the results, cross-correlation analyses revealed a significant negative correlation between earthquake occurrence and milk yields approximately three weeks beforehand...
March 8, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272340/factors-which-influence-owners-when-deciding-to-use-chemotherapy-in-terminally-ill-pets
#6
Jane Williams, Catherine Phillips, Hollie Marie Byrd
Chemotherapy is a commonly integrated treatment option within human and animal oncology regimes. Limited research has investigated pet owners' treatment decision-making in animals diagnosed with malignant neoplasia. Dog and cat owners were asked to complete an online questionnaire to elucidate factors which are key to the decision making process. Seventy-eight respondents completed the questionnaire in full. Fifty-eight percent of pet owners would not elect to treat pets with chemotherapy due to the negative impact of the associated side effects...
March 7, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272316/corporate-reporting-on-farm-animal-welfare-an-evaluation-of-global-food-companies-discourse-and-disclosures-on-farm-animal-welfare
#7
Rory Sullivan, Nicky Amos, Heleen A van de Weerd
The views that food companies hold about their responsibilities for animal welfare can strongly influence the lives and welfare of farm animals. If a company's commitment is translated into action, it can be a major driver of animal welfare. The Business Benchmark on Farm Animal Welfare (BBFAW) is an annual evaluation of farm animal welfare-related practices, reporting and performance of food companies. The framework evaluates how close, based on their disclosures, companies are to best practice in three areas: Management Commitment, Governance & Performance and Leadership & Innovation...
March 6, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273810/dairy-cows-produce-less-milk-and-modify-their-behaviour-during-the-transition-between-tie-stall-to-free-stall
#8
Jan Broucek, Michal Uhrincat, Stefan Mihina, Miloslav Soch, Andrea Mrekajova, Anton Hanus
Transfer of cattle to an unknown barn may result in a reduction in its welfare. Housing and management practices can result in signs of stress that include a long-term suppression of milk efficiency. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of moving cows from the stanchion-stall housing to free-stall housing on their behaviour and production. The Holstein cows were moved into the new facility with free-stall housing from the old barn with stanchion-stall housing. Cows lay down up to ten hours (596...
March 3, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257082/the-effect-of-lupinus-albus-on-growth-performance-body-composition-and-satiety-hormones-of-male-pigs-immunized-against-gonadotrophin-releasing-factor
#9
Karen Moore, Bruce Mullan, Jae Cheol Kim, Frank Dunshea
Two hundred and ninety four pigs were used with the aim to develop a dietary management strategy using Lupinus albus L. (albus lupins) to reduce the increase in feed intake and subsequent increase in carcass fatness in pigs immunized against gonadotrophin releasing factor (immunocastrates; IC males) and entire male pigs in the late finishing stage. From day (d) 0 to 28, IC males fed the control diet grew faster (p = 0.009) than entire males fed the control diet but there was no difference in growth rate between sexes for pigs fed albus lupins for 14 days pre-slaughter (Albus 14) or pigs fed albus lupins for 28 days pre-slaughter (Albus 28)...
March 2, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257061/impact-of-feed-delivery-pattern-on-aerial-particulate-matter-and-behavior-of-feedlot-cattle-%C3%A2
#10
Frank M Mitloehner, Jeff W Dailey, Julie L Morrow, John J McGlone
Fine particulate matter with less than 2.5 microns diameter (PM2.5) generated by cattle in feedlots is an environmental pollutant and a potential human and animal health issue. The objective of this study was to determine if a feeding schedule affects cattle behaviors that promote PM2.5 in a commercial feedlot. The study used 2813 crossbred steers housed in 14 adjacent pens at a large-scale commercial West Texas feedlot. Treatments were conventional feeding at 0700, 1000, and 1200 (CON) or feeding at 0700, 1000, and 1830 (ALT), the latter feeding time coincided with dusk...
March 1, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230800/mutilating-procedures-management-practices-and-housing-conditions-that-may-affect-the-welfare-of-farm-animals-implications-for-welfare-research
#11
Rebecca E Nordquist, Franz Josef van der Staay, Frank J C M van Eerdenburg, Francisca C Velkers, Lisa Fijn, Saskia S Arndt
A number of mutilating procedures, such as dehorning in cattle and goats and beak trimming in laying hens, are common in farm animal husbandry systems in an attempt to prevent or solve problems, such as injuries from horns or feather pecking. These procedures and other practices, such as early maternal separation, overcrowding, and barren housing conditions, raise concerns about animal welfare. Efforts to ensure or improve animal welfare involve adapting the animal to its environment, i.e., by selective breeding (e...
February 21, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218670/religion-and-animal-welfare-an-islamic-perspective
#12
REVIEW
Sira Abdul Rahman
Islam is a comprehensive religion guiding the lives of its followers through sets of rules governing the personal, social, and public aspects through the verses of the Holy Qur'an and Hadiths, the compilation of the traditions of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh), the two main documents that serve as guidelines. Islam is explicit with regard to using animals for human purposes and there is a rich tradition of the Prophet Mohammad's (pbuh) concern for animals to be found in the Hadith and Sunna. Islam has also laid down rules for humane slaughter...
February 17, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208595/congenital-malformations-in-river-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis
#13
REVIEW
Sara Albarella, Francesca Ciotola, Emanuele D'Anza, Angelo Coletta, Luigi Zicarelli, Vincenzo Peretti
The world buffalo population is about 168 million, and it is still growing, in India, China, Brazil, and Italy. In these countries, buffalo genetic breeding programs have been performed for many decades. The occurrence of congenital malformations has caused a slowing of the genetic progress and economic loss for the breeders, due to the death of animals, or damage to their reproductive ability or failing of milk production. Moreover, they cause animal welfare reduction because they can imply foetal dystocia and because the affected animals have a reduced fitness with little chances of survival...
February 10, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208592/relationship-between-deck-level-body-surface-temperature-and-carcass-damages-in-italian-heavy-pigs-after-short-journeys-at-different-unloading-environmental-conditions
#14
Agnese Arduini, Veronica Redaelli, Fabio Luzi, Stefania Dall'Olio, Vincenzo Pace, Leonardo Nanni Costa
In order to evaluate the relationships between deck level, body surface temperature and carcass damages after a short journey (30 min), 10 deliveries of Italian heavy pigs, including a total of 1400 animals from one farm, were examined. Within 5 min after the arrival at the abattoir, the vehicles were unloaded. Environmental temperature and relative humidity were recorded and a Temperature Humidity Index (THI) was calculated. After unloading, maximum temperatures of dorsal and ocular regions were measured by a thermal camera on groups of pigs from each of the unloaded decks...
February 10, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208689/season-transport-duration-and-trailer-compartment-effects-on-blood-stress-indicators-in-pigs-relationship-to-environmental-behavioral-and-other-physiological-factors-and-pork-quality-traits
#15
Roberta Sommavilla, Luigi Faucitano, Harold Gonyou, Yolande Seddon, Renée Bergeron, Tina Widowski, Trever Crowe, Laurie Connor, Marina Bergoli Scheeren, Sébastien Goumon, Jennifer Brown
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of the season, travel duration and trailer compartment location on blood creatine-kinase (CK), lactate and cortisol concentrations in 384 pigs and assess their relationships with trailer temperature, heart rate and gastrointestinal tract temperature (GTT), behavior, carcass damage scores and meat quality. Blood CK was greater in pigs transported in summer (p = 0.02), after 18 h transportation (p < 0.001) and in pigs located in C4, C5 and C10 (p = 0.002)...
February 8, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157145/current-perspectives-on-therapy-dog-welfare-in-animal-assisted-interventions
#16
REVIEW
Lisa Maria Glenk
Research into the effects of animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) has primarily addressed human health outcomes. In contrast, only few publications deal with the therapy dog experience of AAIs. This paper provides an overview on potential welfare threats that therapy dogs may encounter and presents the results of a review of available studies on welfare indicators for therapy dogs during AAIs. Previous investigations used physiological and behavioral welfare indicators and dog handler surveys to identify work-related stress...
February 1, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125058/the-impact-of-stakeholders-roles-within-the-livestock-industry-on-their-attitudes-to-livestock-welfare-in-southeast-and-east-asia
#17
Michelle Sinclair, Sarah Zito, Clive J C Phillips
Stakeholders in the livestock industry are in a position to make critical choices that directly impact on animal welfare during slaughter and transport. Understanding the attitudes of stakeholders in livestock-importing countries, including factors that motivate the stakeholders to improve animal welfare, can lead to improved trade relations with exporting developed countries and improved animal welfare initiatives in the importing countries. Improving stakeholder attitudes to livestock welfare may help to facilitate the better welfare that is increasingly demanded by the public for livestock...
January 25, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106802/effects-of-the-truck-suspension-system-on-animal-welfare-carcass-and-meat-quality-traits-in-pigs
#18
Filipe Antônio Dalla Costa, Letícia S Lopes, Osmar Antônio Dalla Costa
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of two types of commercial suspension (leaf-spring (LS) vs. air suspension (AS)) installed on two similar double-decked trucks on blood cortisol and lactate concentration, lairage behavior, carcass skin lesions and pork quality traits of 120 crossbred pigs. The suspension type neither influenced pig behaviour in lairage nor blood cortisol and lactate concentrations (p > 0.10). However, when compared with the AS suspension system, the use of LS increased the number of skin lesions in the back and thigh (p = 0...
January 18, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275207/whip-rule-breaches-in-a-major-australian-racing-jurisdiction-welfare-and-regulatory-implications
#19
Jennifer Hood, Carolyn McDonald, Bethany Wilson, Phil McManus, Paul McGreevy
Whip use in horseracing is increasingly being questioned on ethical, animal welfare, social sustainability, and legal grounds. Despite this, there is weak evidence for whip use and its regulation by Stewards in Australia. To help address this, we characterised whip rule breaches recorded by Stewards using Stewards Reports and Race Diaries from 2013 and 2016 in New SouthWales (NSW) and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). There were more recorded breaches at Metropolitan (M) than Country (C) or Provincial (P) locations, and by riders of horses that finished first, second, or third than by riders of horses that finished in other positions...
January 16, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036042/fencing-large-predator-free-and-competitor-free-landscapes-for-the-recovery-of-woodland-caribou-in-western-alberta-an-ineffective-conservation-option
#20
REVIEW
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