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Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208595/congenital-malformations-in-river-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis
#1
REVIEW
Sara Albarella, Francesca Ciotola, Emanuele D'Anza, Angelo Coletta, Luigi Zicarelli, Vincenzo Peretti
The world buffalo population is about 168 million, and it is still growing, in India, China, Brazil, and Italy. In these countries, buffalo genetic breeding programs have been performed for many decades. The occurrence of congenital malformations has caused a slowing of the genetic progress and economic loss for the breeders, due to the death of animals, or damage to their reproductive ability or failing of milk production. Moreover, they cause animal welfare reduction because they can imply foetal dystocia and because the affected animals have a reduced fitness with little chances of survival...
February 10, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208592/relationship-between-deck-level-body-surface-temperature-and-carcass-damages-in-italian-heavy-pigs-after-short-journeys-at-different-unloading-environmental-conditions
#2
Agnese Arduini, Veronica Redaelli, Fabio Luzi, Stefania Dall'Olio, Vincenzo Pace, Leonardo Nanni Costa
In order to evaluate the relationships between deck level, body surface temperature and carcass damages after a short journey (30 min), 10 deliveries of Italian heavy pigs, including a total of 1400 animals from one farm, were examined. Within 5 min after the arrival at the abattoir, the vehicles were unloaded. Environmental temperature and relative humidity were recorded and a Temperature Humidity Index (THI) was calculated. After unloading, maximum temperatures of dorsal and ocular regions were measured by a thermal camera on groups of pigs from each of the unloaded decks...
February 10, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208689/season-transport-duration-and-trailer-compartment-effects-on-blood-stress-indicators-in-pigs-relationship-to-environmental-behavioral-and-other-physiological-factors-and-pork-quality-traits
#3
Roberta Sommavilla, Luigi Faucitano, Harold Gonyou, Yolande Seddon, Renée Bergeron, Tina Widowski, Trever Crowe, Laurie Connor, Marina Bergoli Scheeren, Sébastien Goumon, Jennifer Brown
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of the season, travel duration and trailer compartment location on blood creatine-kinase (CK), lactate and cortisol concentrations in 384 pigs and assess their relationships with trailer temperature, heart rate and gastrointestinal tract temperature (GTT), behavior, carcass damage scores and meat quality. Blood CK was greater in pigs transported in summer (p = 0.02), after 18 h transportation (p < 0.001) and in pigs located in C4, C5 and C10 (p = 0.002)...
February 8, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157145/current-perspectives-on-therapy-dog-welfare-in-animal-assisted-interventions
#4
REVIEW
Lisa Maria Glenk
Research into the effects of animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) has primarily addressed human health outcomes. In contrast, only few publications deal with the therapy dog experience of AAIs. This paper provides an overview on potential welfare threats that therapy dogs may encounter and presents the results of a review of available studies on welfare indicators for therapy dogs during AAIs. Previous investigations used physiological and behavioral welfare indicators and dog handler surveys to identify work-related stress...
February 1, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125058/the-impact-of-stakeholders-roles-within-the-livestock-industry-on-their-attitudes-to-livestock-welfare-in-southeast-and-east-asia
#5
Michelle Sinclair, Sarah Zito, Clive J C Phillips
Stakeholders in the livestock industry are in a position to make critical choices that directly impact on animal welfare during slaughter and transport. Understanding the attitudes of stakeholders in livestock-importing countries, including factors that motivate the stakeholders to improve animal welfare, can lead to improved trade relations with exporting developed countries and improved animal welfare initiatives in the importing countries. Improving stakeholder attitudes to livestock welfare may help to facilitate the better welfare that is increasingly demanded by the public for livestock...
January 25, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106802/effects-of-the-truck-suspension-system-on-animal-welfare-carcass-and-meat-quality-traits-in-pigs
#6
Filipe Antônio Dalla Costa, Letícia S Lopes, Osmar Antônio Dalla Costa
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of two types of commercial suspension (leaf-spring (LS) vs. air suspension (AS)) installed on two similar double-decked trucks on blood cortisol and lactate concentration, lairage behavior, carcass skin lesions and pork quality traits of 120 crossbred pigs. The suspension type neither influenced pig behaviour in lairage nor blood cortisol and lactate concentrations (p > 0.10). However, when compared with the AS suspension system, the use of LS increased the number of skin lesions in the back and thigh (p = 0...
January 18, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085033/acknowledgement-to-reviewers-of-animals-in-2016
#7
EDITORIAL
Animals Editorial Office
The editors of Animals would like to express their sincere gratitude to the following reviewers for assessing manuscripts in 2016.[...].
January 11, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036042/fencing-large-predator-free-and-competitor-free-landscapes-for-the-recovery-of-woodland-caribou-in-western-alberta-an-ineffective-conservation-option
#8
REVIEW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025479/housing-of-cull-sows-in-the-hours-before-transport-to-the-abattoir-an-initial-description-of-sow-behaviour-while-waiting-in-a-transfer-vehicle
#9
Mette S Herskin, Katrine K Fogsgaard, Ditte Erichsen, Mia Bonnichsen, Charlotte Gaillard, Karen Thodberg
In modern pig production, sows are transported by road to abattoirs. For reasons of biosecurity, commercial trucks may have limited access to farms. According to Danish regulations, sows can be kept in stationary transfer vehicles away from the farm for up to two hours before being loaded onto the commercial truck. We aimed to describe the behaviour of sows in transfer vehicles. This preliminary, exploratory study included data from 11 loads from a total of six Danish sow herds. Selection of animals to be slaughtered was done by the farmers...
December 22, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916928/the-effect-of-lupinus-albus-and-calcium-chloride-on-growth-performance-body-composition-plasma-biochemistry-and-meat-quality-of-male-pigs-immunized-against-gonadotrophin-releasing-factor
#10
Karen Moore, Bruce Mullan, Jae Cheol Kim, Frank Dunshea
Two hundred and ninety-four pigs were used to assess the effect of two ingredients (Lupinus albus (albus lupins) or a combination of calcium chloride and sodium tri-polyphosphate (mineral salts)) on growth performance, body composition and objective meat quality of pigs immunized against gonadotrophin releasing factor (immunocastrates) and entire male pigs in the late finishing phase. Pigs fed mineral salts ate less feed than those fed the control diet with no effect on growth rate (p > 0.05), backfat (p > 0...
December 1, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916798/transport-fitness-of-cull-sows-and-boars-a-comparison-of-different-guidelines-on-fitness-for-transport
#11
Temple Grandin
n/a.
November 28, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854338/selection-of-breeding-stock-among-australian-purebred-dog-breeders-with-particular-emphasis-on-the-dam
#12
Veronika Czerwinski, Michelle McArthur, Bradley Smith, Philip Hynd, Susan Hazel
Every year, thousands of purebred domestic dogs are bred by registered dog breeders. Yet, little is known about the rearing environment of these dogs, or the attitudes and priorities surrounding breeding practices of these dog breeders. The objective of this study was to explore some of the factors that dog breeders consider important for stock selection, with a particular emphasis on issues relating to the dam. Two-hundred and seventy-four Australian purebred dog breeders, covering 91 breeds across all Australian National Kennel Club breed groups, completed an online survey relating to breeding practices...
November 16, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854336/what-we-know-about-the-public-s-level-of-concern-for-farm-animal-welfare-in-food-production-in-developed-countries
#13
REVIEW
Amelia Cornish, David Raubenheimer, Paul McGreevy
Population growth and rising consumption of meat, dairy, eggs and fish are forcing the world to face the intersecting challenges of how to sustainably feed a population expected to exceed 9 billion by 2050, while also controlling the impact of food production on the planet, on people and on animals. This review acknowledges the absence of a globally accepted definition of animal welfare and then explores the literature regarding different levels of concern for animal welfare in food production by such stakeholders as veterinarians, farmers, and the general public...
November 16, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854270/relationship-between-scarring-and-dog-aggression-in-pit-bull-type-dogs-involved-in-organized-dogfighting
#14
Katherine A Miller, Rachel Touroo, C Victor Spain, Kelly Jones, Pamela Reid, Randall Lockwood
When pit bull-type dogs are seized in an investigation of organized dogfighting, heavily scarred dogs are often assumed to be highly dog aggressive due to a history of fighting. These dogs may be deemed dangerous and euthanized based on scarring alone. We analyzed our existing data on dogs seized from four dogfighting investigations, examining the relationship between the dogs' scars with aggression towards other dogs. Scar and wound data were tallied in three body zones where dogfighting injuries tend to be concentrated...
November 15, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854241/an-investigation-into-the-relationship-between-owner-knowledge-diet-and-dental-disease-in-guinea-pigs-cavia-porcellus
#15
Rosemary Norman, Alison P Wills
Recent studies have highlighted a high prevalence of dental disease in domestic guinea pigs, yet the aetiology of this multi-factorial disease is still unclear. Factors that have been associated with dental disease include feeding a diet that is high in energy but low in fibre, feeding an insufficiently abrasive diet, a lack of dietary calcium, and genetics. As many of these factors relate to the husbandry requirements of guinea pigs, owner awareness of dietary requirements is of the utmost importance. An online questionnaire was created based on previous research into the husbandry and feeding of rabbits...
November 14, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845724/research-tools-for-the-measurement-of-pain-and-nociception
#16
REVIEW
Craig Johnson
There are many ways in which pain in animals can be measured and these are based on a variety of phenomena that are related to either the perception of pain or alterations in physical or behavioural features of the animal that are caused by that pain. The features of pain that are most useful for assessment in clinical environments are not always the best to use in a research environment. This is because the aims and objectives of the two settings are different and so whilst particular techniques will have the same advantages and disadvantages in clinical and research environments, these considerations may become more or less of a drawback when moving from one environment to the other...
November 11, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845707/good-science-good-sense-and-good-sensibilities-the-three-ss-of-carol-newton
#17
Adrian J Smith, Penny Hawkins
The Three Rs principle of Replacement, Reduction and Refinement developed by William M. S. Russell and Rex L. Burch in the 1950s has achieved worldwide recognition as a means of reducing the impact of science on animals and improving their welfare. However, application of the Three Rs is still far from universal, and evidence-based methods to implement the Three Rs are still lacking in many areas of laboratory animal science. The purpose of this paper is to create interest in a less well-known but equally useful principle that complements the Three Rs, which was proposed by the American biomathematician Carol M...
November 11, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845702/the-challenges-of-using-horses-for-practical-teaching-purposes-in-veterinary-programmes
#18
REVIEW
Gabriella Gronqvist, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee, Charlotte Bolwell, Stuart Gordon
Students enrolled in veterinary degrees often come from an urban background with little previous experience in handling horses and other large animals. Many veterinary degree programmes place importance on the teaching of appropriate equine handling skills, yet within the literature it is commonly reported that time allocated for practical classes often suffers due to time constraint pressure from other elements of the curriculum. The effect of this pressure on animal handling teaching time is reflected in the self-reported low level of animal handling competency, particularly equine, in students with limited prior experience with horses...
November 11, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827879/owners-perceptions-of-their-animal-s-behavioural-response-to-the-loss-of-an-animal-companion
#19
Jessica K Walker, Natalie K Waran, Clive J C Phillips
The loss of a companion animal is recognised as being associated with experiences of grief by the owner, but it is unclear how other animals in the household may be affected by such a loss. Our aim was to investigate companion animals' behavioural responses to the loss of a companion through owner-report. A questionnaire was distributed via, and advertised within, publications produced by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) across Australia and New Zealand, and through a selection of veterinary clinics within New Zealand...
November 3, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801776/online-chats-to-assess-stakeholder-perceptions-of-meat-chicken-intensification-and-welfare
#20
Tiffani J Howell, Vanessa I Rohlf, Grahame J Coleman, Jean-Loup Rault
Evidence suggests that there is variation in support for specific chicken farming practices amongst stakeholder groups, and this should be explored in more detail to understand the nature of these differences and work towards convergence. Online focus groups were used to assess attitudes to animal welfare in meat chicken farming in this pilot study. Across six online chats, 25 participants (general public, n = 8; animal advocacy group, n = 11, meat chicken industry, n = 3; research or veterinary practice who had experience with poultry but no declared industry affiliation, n = 3) discussed meat chicken intensification and welfare...
October 27, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
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