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Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916928/the-effect-of-lupinus-albus-and-calcium-chloride-on-growth-performance-body-composition-plasma-biochemistry-and-meat-quality-of-male-pigs-immunized-against-gonadotrophin-releasing-factor
#1
Karen Moore, Bruce Mullan, Jae Cheol Kim, Frank Dunshea
Two hundred and ninety-four pigs were used to assess the effect of two ingredients (Lupinus albus (albus lupins) or a combination of calcium chloride and sodium tri-polyphosphate (mineral salts)) on growth performance, body composition and objective meat quality of pigs immunized against gonadotrophin releasing factor (immunocastrates) and entire male pigs in the late finishing phase. Pigs fed mineral salts ate less feed than those fed the control diet with no effect on growth rate (p > 0.05), backfat (p > 0...
December 1, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916798/transport-fitness-of-cull-sows-and-boars-a-comparison-of-different-guidelines-on-fitness-for-transport
#2
Temple Grandin
n/a.
November 28, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879633/the-welfare-of-performing-animals-a-historical-perspective-by-david-a-h-wilson-springer-berlin-germany-2015-278-pp-189-00-isbn-978-3-662-50931-9
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854338/selection-of-breeding-stock-among-australian-purebred-dog-breeders-with-particular-emphasis-on-the-dam
#4
Veronika Czerwinski, Michelle McArthur, Bradley Smith, Philip Hynd, Susan Hazel
Every year, thousands of purebred domestic dogs are bred by registered dog breeders. Yet, little is known about the rearing environment of these dogs, or the attitudes and priorities surrounding breeding practices of these dog breeders. The objective of this study was to explore some of the factors that dog breeders consider important for stock selection, with a particular emphasis on issues relating to the dam. Two-hundred and seventy-four Australian purebred dog breeders, covering 91 breeds across all Australian National Kennel Club breed groups, completed an online survey relating to breeding practices...
November 16, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854336/what-we-know-about-the-public-s-level-of-concern-for-farm-animal-welfare-in-food-production-in-developed-countries
#5
REVIEW
Amelia Cornish, David Raubenheimer, Paul McGreevy
Population growth and rising consumption of meat, dairy, eggs and fish are forcing the world to face the intersecting challenges of how to sustainably feed a population expected to exceed 9 billion by 2050, while also controlling the impact of food production on the planet, on people and on animals. This review acknowledges the absence of a globally accepted definition of animal welfare and then explores the literature regarding different levels of concern for animal welfare in food production by such stakeholders as veterinarians, farmers, and the general public...
November 16, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854270/relationship-between-scarring-and-dog-aggression-in-pit-bull-type-dogs-involved-in-organized-dogfighting
#6
Katherine A Miller, Rachel Touroo, C Victor Spain, Kelly Jones, Pamela Reid, Randall Lockwood
When pit bull-type dogs are seized in an investigation of organized dogfighting, heavily scarred dogs are often assumed to be highly dog aggressive due to a history of fighting. These dogs may be deemed dangerous and euthanized based on scarring alone. We analyzed our existing data on dogs seized from four dogfighting investigations, examining the relationship between the dogs' scars with aggression towards other dogs. Scar and wound data were tallied in three body zones where dogfighting injuries tend to be concentrated...
November 15, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854241/an-investigation-into-the-relationship-between-owner-knowledge-diet-and-dental-disease-in-guinea-pigs-cavia-porcellus
#7
Rosemary Norman, Alison P Wills
Recent studies have highlighted a high prevalence of dental disease in domestic guinea pigs, yet the aetiology of this multi-factorial disease is still unclear. Factors that have been associated with dental disease include feeding a diet that is high in energy but low in fibre, feeding an insufficiently abrasive diet, a lack of dietary calcium, and genetics. As many of these factors relate to the husbandry requirements of guinea pigs, owner awareness of dietary requirements is of the utmost importance. An online questionnaire was created based on previous research into the husbandry and feeding of rabbits...
November 14, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845724/research-tools-for-the-measurement-of-pain-and-nociception
#8
REVIEW
Craig Johnson
There are many ways in which pain in animals can be measured and these are based on a variety of phenomena that are related to either the perception of pain or alterations in physical or behavioural features of the animal that are caused by that pain. The features of pain that are most useful for assessment in clinical environments are not always the best to use in a research environment. This is because the aims and objectives of the two settings are different and so whilst particular techniques will have the same advantages and disadvantages in clinical and research environments, these considerations may become more or less of a drawback when moving from one environment to the other...
November 11, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845707/good-science-good-sense-and-good-sensibilities-the-three-ss-of-carol-newton
#9
Adrian J Smith, Penny Hawkins
The Three Rs principle of Replacement, Reduction and Refinement developed by William M. S. Russell and Rex L. Burch in the 1950s has achieved worldwide recognition as a means of reducing the impact of science on animals and improving their welfare. However, application of the Three Rs is still far from universal, and evidence-based methods to implement the Three Rs are still lacking in many areas of laboratory animal science. The purpose of this paper is to create interest in a less well-known but equally useful principle that complements the Three Rs, which was proposed by the American biomathematician Carol M...
November 11, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845702/the-challenges-of-using-horses-for-practical-teaching-purposes-in-veterinary-programmes
#10
REVIEW
Gabriella Gronqvist, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee, Charlotte Bolwell, Stuart Gordon
Students enrolled in veterinary degrees often come from an urban background with little previous experience in handling horses and other large animals. Many veterinary degree programmes place importance on the teaching of appropriate equine handling skills, yet within the literature it is commonly reported that time allocated for practical classes often suffers due to time constraint pressure from other elements of the curriculum. The effect of this pressure on animal handling teaching time is reflected in the self-reported low level of animal handling competency, particularly equine, in students with limited prior experience with horses...
November 11, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827879/owners-perceptions-of-their-animal-s-behavioural-response-to-the-loss-of-an-animal-companion
#11
Jessica K Walker, Natalie K Waran, Clive J C Phillips
The loss of a companion animal is recognised as being associated with experiences of grief by the owner, but it is unclear how other animals in the household may be affected by such a loss. Our aim was to investigate companion animals' behavioural responses to the loss of a companion through owner-report. A questionnaire was distributed via, and advertised within, publications produced by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) across Australia and New Zealand, and through a selection of veterinary clinics within New Zealand...
November 3, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801776/online-chats-to-assess-stakeholder-perceptions-of-meat-chicken-intensification-and-welfare
#12
Tiffani J Howell, Vanessa I Rohlf, Grahame J Coleman, Jean-Loup Rault
Evidence suggests that there is variation in support for specific chicken farming practices amongst stakeholder groups, and this should be explored in more detail to understand the nature of these differences and work towards convergence. Online focus groups were used to assess attitudes to animal welfare in meat chicken farming in this pilot study. Across six online chats, 25 participants (general public, n = 8; animal advocacy group, n = 11, meat chicken industry, n = 3; research or veterinary practice who had experience with poultry but no declared industry affiliation, n = 3) discussed meat chicken intensification and welfare...
October 27, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792138/intermittent-suckling-in-combination-with-an-older-weaning-age-improves-growth-feed-intake-and-aspects-of-gastrointestinal-tract-carbohydrate-absorption-in-pigs-after-weaning
#13
Diana L Turpin, Pieter Langendijk, Tai-Yuan Chen, John R Pluske
This study tested the hypothesis that intermittent suckling (IS) with or without an older weaning age would improve post-weaning gastrointestinal tract (GIT) carbohydrate absorptive capacity in pigs while reducing post-weaning stress and aspects of the inflammatory response. Three weaning regimes using primiparous sows were compared: (1) conventional weaning (CW28) ( n = 22), where piglets were weaned conventionally at day 28; (2) IS28 ( n = 21), where IS started at day 21 until weaning at day 28; and (3) IS35 ( n = 21), where IS started at day 28 until weaning at day 35...
October 25, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792129/the-effect-of-pet-remedy-on-the-behaviour-of-the-domestic-dog-canis-familiaris
#14
Sienna Taylor, Joah Madden
Stress-affected behaviour in companion animals can have an adverse effect on animal health and welfare and their relationships with humans. This stress can be addressed using chemical treatments, often in conjunction with behavioural therapies. Here, we investigated the efficacy of one commercial pharmacological intervention, Pet Remedy, advertised as a natural stress relief product for mammals. We aimed to see whether the product lowered stress-affected behaviour in dogs placed in a non-familiar environment...
October 25, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792128/horse-injury-during-non-commercial-transport-findings-from-researcher-assisted-intercept-surveys-at-southeastern-australian-equestrian-events
#15
Christopher B Riley, Belinda R Noble, Janis Bridges, Susan J Hazel, Kirrilly Thompson
Equine transportation research has largely focused on the commercial land movement of horses. Data on the incidence and factors associated with horse injuries during non-commercial transportation (privately owned horse trucks and trailers) is scant. This study surveyed 223 drivers transporting horses to 12 equestrian events in southeastern Australia. Data collected encompassed driver demographics, travel practice, vehicle characteristics, and incidents involving horse injury. Approximately 25% (55/223) of participants reported that their horses were injured during transportation...
October 25, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754399/evidence-for-the-association-of-a-deleted-variant-in-the-5-flanking-region-of-the-chicken-serotonin-transporter-5-htt-gene-with-a-temporary-increase-in-feed-intake-and-growth-rate
#16
Joergen B Kjaer, Loc Phi-van
The serotonergic system has been shown to be implicated in the regulation of mood and feeding behavior. Previous studies have identified a polymorphism in the 5'-flanking region of the serotonin transporter ( 5 - HTT ) gene of Lohmann Brown (LB) laying hens. The deleted variant D was found to be associated with increased body weight. The objective of this study was to address whether the increased body weight may be due to an increased feed intake. After hatching, hens were kept under ad libitum feeding conditions, and their body weight and feed intake were weekly determined...
October 14, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727169/technology-and-poultry-welfare
#17
Neila Ben Sassi, Xavier Averós, Inma Estevez
Consideration of animal welfare is essential to address the consumers' demands and for the long term sustainability of commercial poultry. However, assessing welfare in large poultry flocks, to be able to detect potential welfare risks and to control or minimize its impact is difficult. Current developments in technology and mathematical modelling open new possibilities for real-time automatic monitoring of animal welfare and health. New technological innovations potentially adaptable to commercial poultry are appearing, although their practical implementation is still being defined...
October 11, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727168/exploring-attitudes-and-beliefs-towards-implementing-cattle-disease-prevention-and-control-measures-a-qualitative-study-with-dairy-farmers-in-great-britain
#18
Marnie L Brennan, Nick Wright, Wendela Wapenaar, Susanne Jarratt, Pru Hobson-West, Imogen F Richens, Jasmeet Kaler, Heather Buchanan, Jonathan N Huxley, Heather M O'Connor
Disease prevention and control practices are frequently highlighted as important to ensure the health and welfare of farmed animals, although little is known as to why not many practices are carried out. The aim of this study was to identify the motivators and barriers of dairy cattle farmers towards the use of biosecurity measures on dairy farms using a health psychology approach. Twenty-five farmers on 24 farms in Great Britain (GB) were interviewed using the Theory of Planned Behaviour framework. Results indicated that farmers perceived they had the ability to control what happened on their farms in terms of preventing and controlling disease, and described benefits from being proactive and vigilant...
October 11, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740601/predation-by-red-foxes-vulpes-vulpes-at-an-outdoor-piggery
#19
Patricia A Fleming, Shannon J Dundas, Yvonne Y W Lau, John R Pluske
Outdoor pig operations are an alternative to intensive systems of raising pigs; however for the majority of outdoor pork producers, issues of biosecurity and predation control require significant management and (or) capital investment. Identifying and quantifying predation risk in outdoor pork operations has rarely been done, but such data would be informative for these producers as part of their financial and logistical planning. We quantified potential impact of fox predation on piglets bred on an outdoor pork operation in south-western Australia...
October 8, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669313/moving-beyond-the-five-freedoms-by-updating-the-five-provisions-and-introducing-aligned-animal-welfare-aims
#20
REVIEW
David J Mellor
Although the Five Freedoms paradigm has been very influential in shaping animal welfare thinking for the last two decades, it has two key disadvantages. First, the focus on "freedom" from a range of negative experiences and states has been misunderstood in a number of quarters to mean that complete freedom from these experiences and states is possible, when in fact the best that can be achieved is for them to be minimised. Second, the major focus of the Freedoms on negative experiences and states is now seen to be a disadvantage in view of current understanding that animal welfare management should also include the promotion of positive experiences and states...
2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
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