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Medical Archives

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994306/a-rare-case-of-hamartoma-chest-wall-following-trauma-in-a-42-year-old-man
#1
Mojtaba Ahmadinejad, Asghar Alie Pour, Peyman Khadem Hosseini, Amir Masoud Hashemian, Koorosh Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Chest wall mesenchymal hamartoma (CWH) is a distinct and extremely rare tumor-like lesion of the thorax. It usually presents in the neonatal period or in infancy. The common presentation is in the form of a visible chest wall mass with or without respiratory distress. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old man with a history of chest wall trauma since 5 years ago was admitted with a swelling of the anterior of the chest wall and during this period has grown slowly...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994305/colonic-perforation-in-a-young-tetraplegic-male-caused-by-zucchini
#2
Biserka Pigac, Silvija Masic
INTRODUCTION: Colonic perforation is a clinical condition which occurs due to variety of reasons, such as intrinsic disorders of the intestine, extrinsic causes, but also due to presence of foreign bodies. Foreign objects enter gastrointestinal tract by oral or transanal introduction. CASE REPORT: we present an uncommon case of a 26- year-old tetraplegic male, whose death was a consequence of a widespread purulent peritonitis provoked by colonic perforation inflicted by an unusual foreign body, transanally introduced 28 centimeters long zucchini (Cucurbita pepo L...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994304/adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-breast-a-clinical-case-report
#3
Akin Firat Kocaay, Suleyman Utku Celik, Ilkin Hesimov, Tevfik Eker, Sibel Percinel, Seher Demirer
INTRODUCTION: Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is an uncommon tumor of the breast, accounting for approximately 0.1% to 1% of all breast cancers. It is characterized by rare lymph node involvement and distant metastasis, and associated with a favorable prognosis with excellent survival, despite its triple-negative status. In the current state of knowledge, results of breast-conserving treatment with postoperative radiotherapy seem to be equivalent to mastectomy alone, with respect to survival for ACC of the breast...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994303/accessory-spleen-in-the-splenic-hilum-a-cadaveric-study-with-clinical-significance
#4
Shabnam Mohammadi, Arya Hedjazi, Maryam Sajjadian, Naser Ghrobi, Maliheh Dadgar Moghadam, Maryam Mohammadi
AIM: An accessory spleen is an additional tissue of the spleen that may be found near the spleen. It is a congenital anomaly of the spleen that its incidence has been reported 10-30% of the population. Hence, the objective of this study was evaluation the incidence of accessory spleen in Iranian cadavers. METHOD: Sixty hundred and ninety three spleens (541 males, 152 females) were excised from cadavers in the dissection hall of Mashhad Forensic Medicine Organization cadavers...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994302/modern-strategy-for-identification-of-congenital-heart-defects-in-the-neonatal-period
#5
Mediha Kardasevic, Ida Jovanovic, Jelica Predojevic Samardzic
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart defects are the most common congenital anomalies and occur with an incidence from 0.8 to 1% per 1000 live births. In recent years, the pulse oximetry has become a strong candidate for detecting cyanogen congenital heart defects and in combination with routine clinical exam can improve diagnostic of congenital heart diseases. OBJECTIVE: To apply the modern algorithm for early detection of congenital heart defects in order to improve the diagnosis in the neonatal period...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994301/pressure-ulcers-developing-clinical-indicators-in-evidence-based-practice-a-prospective-study
#6
Konstantinos Tsaras, Maria Chatzi, Christos F Kleisiaris, Evangelos C Fradelos, Lambrini Kourkouta, Ioanna V Papathanasiou
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: It is widely recognized that Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients have a greater likelihood of developing pressure ulcers in comparison to hospital or home care patients. Accordingly, this study aimed to evaluate whether specific clinical characteristics could be used as clinical indicators towards pressure ulcers prevention. METHOD: We monitored 210 hospitalized ICU patients during a 12-month period. Pressure ulcers were assessed following the current guidelines...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994300/does-remote-ischaemic-preconditioning-protect-kidney-and-cardiomyocytes-after-coronary-revascularization-a-double-blind-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Seyed Mahmoud Nouraei, Afshin Gholipour Baradari, Asieh Jazayeri
OBJECTIVE: To investigate efficacy of remote ischaemic preconditioning on reducing kidney injury and myocardial damage after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). BACKGROUND: Ischaemic preconditioning of a remote organ reduces ischaemia-reperfusion injury of kidney and myocardium after CABG. METHOD: To reduce myocardial damage and kidney injury by applying Remote Ischaemic Preconditioning we recruited 100 consecutive patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting surgery...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994299/evaluation-of-risk-factors-of-surgical-wound-dehiscence-in-adults-after-laparotomy
#8
Goran Aksamija, Adi Mulabdic, Ismar Rasic, Lejla Aksamija
OBJECTIVES: The percentage of patients with difficult and prolonged healing of the wound is still high, while the immediate complications such as wound dehiscence occurs in up to 3 % of all treated patients in abdominal surgery. The aim of study was to analyze the risk factors and comorbidities in the group patients undergoing laparotomy and associated with early postoperative wound dehiscence. METHODS: The retrospective study included all patients treated surgically at Clinic of General and Abdominal surgery, Clinical Center of the University of Sarajevo in the period from January 1, 2013 until January 1, 2016, with clinically verified surgical wound dehiscence...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994298/relationship-between-genotype-variants-follicle-stimulating-hormone-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-fshr-and-morphology-of-oocytes-prior-to-icsi-procedures
#9
Zafer Gashi, Shkelzen Elezaj, Afrim Zeqiraj, Driton Grabanica, Isak Shabani, Bujar Gruda, Fitore Gashi
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated association of Asn680Ser FSHR polymorphism with the ovarian response in 104 women of Albanian ethnic population enrolled in ICSI program. The reason of infertility in all cases has been identified as male factor. METHODS: Analysis of the Asn680Ser polymorphism was performed using TaqMan(®) SNP Genotyping Assay. Clinical and endocrinologic parameters were analyzed based on the genotype, age, BMI, oocyte yield, number of transferred embryos and pregnancy rate...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994297/musculoskeletal-health-of-40-65-year-old-males-and-females-in-kosova-and-the-impact-of-n05b-a02b-ppi-h2ra-h02ab-and-lifestyle-factors-on-it
#10
Ermira Krasniqi, Mynyr Koni, Harald Tschan, Blerim Krasniqi, Antigona Kabashi, Arben Boshnjaku
BACKGROUND: This observational, cross-sectional study investigates the impact of medication usage, physical activity (PA) and nutritional status on musculoskeletal health (MSH) in males and females aged 40-65 in the population of a post conflict, developing country. METHODS: Bone Mineral Density (BMD), T-score and Z-score at distal forearm regions (measured by DEXA scan), together with isometric hand grip strength (dynamometer) were evaluated in a total of 162 subjects (53 Males, average age 55...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994296/the-most-common-detected-bacteria-in-sputum-of-patients-with-community-acquired-pneumonia-cap-treated-in-hospital
#11
Vesna Cukic, Armin Hadzic
INTRODUCTION: Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the most common infective pulmonary disease. OBJECTIVE: To show the most common detected bacteria in bacterial culture of sputum in patients with CAP hospitalized in Clinic for Pulmonary Diseases and TB "Podhrastovi" in four-year period: from 2012 to 2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is the retrospective analysis. Each patient gave sputum 3 days in a row when admitted to hospital. Sputum has been examined: bacterial culture with antibiotics sensitivity, Gram stain, Mycobacterium tuberculosis; in cases with high temperature blood cultures were done; when we were suspicious about bronchial carcinoma bronchoscopy with BAL (bronchoalveolar lavage) was done...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994295/the-results-of-single-bundle-versus-double-bundle-acl-reconstruction-surgery-a-retrospective-study-and-review-of-literature
#12
Ali Torkaman, Hamidreza Yazdi, Mohammad Ghorban Hosseini
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of single bundle and double bundle surgical techniques for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: In this study, all single bundle and double bundle ACL reconstruction surgeries that were done in our university hospital from January 2008 to December 2012 were enrolled. All patients were followed at 2,6,12, 24 weeks and 1 a 2 years post operatively. On last follow up all patients were evaluated by clinical examination, KT-1000 and Lysholm questionnaire...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994294/association-of-beta-2-microglobulin-with-inflammation-and-dislipidemia-in-high-flux-membrane-hemodialysis-patients
#13
Valdete Topçiu-Shufta, Ramë Miftari, Valdete Haxhibeqiri, Shpend Haxhibeqiri
BACKGROUND: Higher than expected cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis patients, has been attributed to dyslipidemia as well as inflammation. Beta2-Microglobulin (β2M) is an independent predictor of outcome for hemodialysis patients and a representative substance of middle molecules. RESULTS: In 40 patients in high-flux membrane hemodialysis, we found negative correlation of β2M with high density lipoprotein (r=-0.73, p<0.001) and albumin (r= -0.53, p<0...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994293/expression-irf-mum1-25-predictor-to-three-year-survival-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-the-immunochemotherapy-era
#14
Alma Sofo-Hafizovic, Adisa Chikha, Refet Gojak, Emina Suljovic Hadzimesic
INTRODUCTION: Non Hodgkin lymphoma-Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBC) is composed of more varieties of one disease. Analysis and understanding of a wide range of characteristics of the disease, which include: clinical, immunohistochemical, cytogenetic and molecular characteristics may improve treatment results. AIM: achieving the estimated three-year survival and influence of IRF/MUM1 expression to three-year survival. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A study was retrospective-prospective, patients were followed for seven years a period of dine...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994292/brain-edema-after-ischaemic-stroke
#15
Zikrija Dostovic, Ernestina Dostovic, Dzevdet Smajlovic, Omer C Ibrahimagic, Leila Avdic
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of brain edema after ischaemic stroke and its impact on the outcome of patients in the acute phase of ischaemic stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 114 patients. Ischaemic stroke and brain edema are verified by computed tomography. The severity of stroke was determined by National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale. Laboratory findings were made during the first four days of hospitalization, and complications were verified by clinical examination and additional tests...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994291/the-discrepancy-between-subjective-and-objective-findings-after-septoplasty
#16
Sekib Umihanic, Fuad Brkic, Munevera Osmic, Sefika Umihanic, Suad Imamovic, Samir Kamenjakovic, Samir Hodzic
INTRODUCTION: Surgical and medical treatments of nasal obstruction are a common parts of otolaryngologist practice. The definitive treatment of deviated nasal septum is septoplasty. AIM: In this study was to evaluate the values of subjective parameters, and active anterior rhinomanometry parameters prior and three months after the septoplasty. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the subjective parameters ("NOSE" scale), the active anterior rhinomanometry parameters according to International Committee on Standardization of Rhinomanometry, on 40 patients...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994290/plasmapheresis-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#17
Verica Misanovic, Danka Pokrajac, Smail Zubcevic, Admir Hadzimuratovic, Samra Rahmanovic, Selma Dizdar, Asmir Jonuzi, Edin Begic
INTRODUCTION: Plasmapheresis also known as a therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) is extracorporeal procedure by which individual components of plasma that are harmful or blood cells can be removed from organism by using a blood separation technology. AIM: To present the results of the implementation of plasmapheresis in children in the Department of Pediatric Intensive Care of Pediatric Clinic, Clinical center of Sarajevo University, Bosnia and Herzegovina. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Research (period from December 2011 to June 2016) analyzed 66 plasmapheresis (11 patients-6 plasmapheresis per patient)...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994289/the-relationship-between-hemodialysis-and-the-echocardiographic-findings-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
Hamidreza Omrani, Sanam Golshani, Vahid Sharifi, Afshin Almasi, Masoud Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: The incidence of cardiac morbidity and mortality is high in patients treated with hemodialysis (HD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between HD and the echocardiographic findings in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: Between 2012 and 2014, 150 patients with CKD. The echocardiographic data were done based on American Society of Cardiology (ASE). Measurement method for Ejection Fraction was E balling and for Diastolic Function was Tissue Doppler...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703300/a-modified-wrapping-internal-shunt-method-for-hemostasis-in-bentall-procedure
#19
Mingjia Ma, Mohamed Abdulkadir, Yang Li, Xiang Wei
INTRODUCTION: Blindly punching between aorta and right atrium is dangerous. In that case, there is concerned about leakage between the two referred isolate parts. Besides, as the routine imaging techniques (echocardiography or computer tomography) are incompetent to detect this particular anatomic structure preoperatively, the intraoperative inspection appears necessary. Our method is useful for identifying this innate fusion plane. CASE REPORT: The thrombosis surrounding prosthesis was detected in the first ultrasound examination after the operation, which was considered to be an indication of successful hemostasis...
July 27, 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703299/metastasis-of-prostate-adenocarcinoma-to-the-testis
#20
Zoran Campara, Dejan Simic, Predrag Aleksic, Aleksandar Spasic, Snjezana Milicevic
INTRODUCTION: Prostate carcinoma is the most frequently diagnosed carcinoma in the male population. The most typical places of the metastases are pelvic lymphatic glands, bones and lungs, and very rarely it metastasizes into a testis. The prognostic importance of testicular metastasis of prostate cancer is not yet well-known, due to a very few published cases. According to the known facts, it is certain that a metastasis of the prostate carcinoma into a testis is a sign of an advanced disease...
July 27, 2016: Medical Archives
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