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Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546228/multiple-minority-stress-and-lgbt-community-resilience-among-sexual-minority-men
#1
Elizabeth A McConnell, Patrick Janulis, Gregory Phillips, Roky Truong, Michelle Birkett
Minority stress theory has widespread research support in explaining health disparities experienced by sexual and gender minorities. However, less is known about how minority stress impacts multiply marginalized groups, such as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people of color (LGBT POC). Also, although research has documented resilience in the face of minority stress at the individual level, research is needed that examines macro-level processes such as community resilience (Meyer, 2015). In the current study, we integrate minority stress theory and intersectionality theory to examine multiple minority stress (i...
March 2018: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479555/validation-of-the-minority-stress-scale-among-italian-gay-and-bisexual-men
#2
Andrea Norcini Pala, Francesca Dell'Amore, Patrizia Steca, Lauren Clinton, Theodorus Sandfort, Christine Rael
The experience of sexual orientation stigma (e.g., homophobic discrimination and physical aggression) generates minority stress, a chronic form of psychosocial stress. Minority stress has been shown to have a negative effect on gay and bisexual men's (GBM's) mental and physical health, increasing the rates of depression, suicidal ideation, and HIV risk behaviors. In conservative religious settings, such as Italy, sexual orientation stigma can be more frequently and/or more intensively experienced. However, minority stress among Italian GBM remains understudied...
December 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201935/a-review-of-contemporary-assessment-tools-for-use-with-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-adults
#3
Grant P Shulman, Natalie R Holt, Debra A Hope, Richard Mocarski, Joshua Eyer, Nathan Woodruff
There is increasing recognition of the need for culturally sensitive services for individuals who identify as transgender or gender non-conforming (TGNC), and only recently have empirical studies appeared in the literature that inform best practices for TGNC people. Competent, culturally appropriate clinical services and research depend upon methodologically sound assessment of key constructs, but it is unclear whether appropriate self-report or clinician-rated assessment tools for adults exist. This paper reviewed existing published measures to identify areas of strength as well as existing gaps in the available research...
September 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159198/perceptions-of-safety-among-lgbtq-people-following-the-2016-pulse-nightclub-shooting
#4
Christopher B Stults, Sandra A Kupprat, Kristen D Krause, Farzana Kapadia, Perry N Halkitis
The goals of this manuscript are two-fold. First, we provide a brief reaction to this journal's "Special Section: Reflections on the Orlando Massacre on its First Anniversary." Second, we present findings from a study on perceptions of safety among LGBTQ individuals following the Pulse shooting. These issues are discussed within the historical context of hate crimes experienced by the LGBTQ population (Herek), media coverage following the shooting (Hancock & Halderman), and the immediate reaction of LGBTQ graduate students to the event (Jackson)...
September 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695154/the-role-of-minority-stressors-in-lesbian-relationship-commitment-and-persistence-over-time
#5
Renzo J Barrantes, Asia A Eaton, Cindy B Veldhuis, Tonda L Hughes
The Investment Model of relationship commitment uses interpersonal investment, relationship satisfaction, quality of alternatives, and commitment to predict relationship longevity (Rusbult, 1980, 1983). Although ample support for the Investment Model has been found in heterosexual couples, it appears to be less powerful in predicting stability in same-sex relationships (Beals, Impett, & Peplau, 2002), potentially because the model does not account for factors unique to same-sex relationships, such as anti-gay discrimination...
June 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326961/trends-in-suicidality-among-sexual-minority-and-heterosexual-students-in-a-canadian-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Tracey Peter, Tamara Edkins, Ryan Watson, Jones Adjei, Yuko Homma, Elizabeth Saewyc
Objectives: Despite evidence from numerous studies that document disparities in suicidality for sexual minorities, few have investigated whether or not these trends have improved over time, which is the objective of the current study. Methods: Using school-based population data over a 15-year period (1998 to 2013), multivariate logistic regressions were used to calculate age-adjusted odds ratios separately by gender. Interactions were included to test widening or narrowing disparities within orientation groups, which makes this one of the first studies to test whether gaps in disparities between heterosexual and sexual minorities have widened or narrowed over time...
March 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630877/male-partnered-sexual-minority-women-sexual-identity-disclosure-to-health-care-providers-during-the-perinatal-period
#7
Abbie E Goldberg, Lori E Ross, Melissa H Manley, Jonathan J Mohr
Male-partnered sexual minority women (SMW) have received little research attention, despite the fact that they represent a large proportion of SMW - particularly child-bearing SMW. Male-partnered SMW are less "out" than female-partnered SMW and will likely be "read" as heterosexual by perinatal providers. Given this, and evidence that pregnant women have unique mental health care needs, the current study focuses on male-partnered SMW (n = 28) during the perinatal period, recruited from Toronto, Canada and Massachusetts, USA, in an effort to understand disclosure and concealment processes in general and to perinatal heath care providers specifically...
March 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527540/trauma-exposure-discrimination-and-romantic-relationship-functioning-a-longitudinal-investigation-among-lgb-young-adults
#8
Timothy J Sullivan, Brian A Feinstein, Amy D Marshall, Brian Mustanski
Sexual orientation-related discrimination is common among sexual minority individuals, but its influence on romantic relationship functioning remains unclear. Further, exposure to potentially traumatic events may influence the association between discrimination and relationship functioning, but this has not been tested among sexual minority couples to date. The current study examines breadth of lifetime trauma exposure as a moderator of the associations between recent discrimination and changes in relationship functioning (satisfaction, commitment, and trust) over twelve months among 86 racially/ethnically diverse sexual minority young adults in relationships...
2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276717/longitudinal-associations-of-sexual-fluidity-and-health-in-transgender-men-and-cisgender-women-and-men
#9
Sabra L Katz-Wise, David N Williams, Colton L Keo-Meier, Stephanie L Budge, Seth Pardo, Carla Sharp
Research has just begun to study associations between sexual fluidity and health among cisgender individuals; only one cross-sectional study examined these links among transgender individuals. The goals of the current study were to prospectively examine fluidity in sexual attractions and fluidity in sexual orientation identity, and associations with health-related outcomes. Participants were a community-based sample of 45 transgender men, ages 16-51 years, who had recently begun testosterone, and 95 cisgender individuals (53 women, 42 men), ages 18-55 years, who completed surveys either in-person or via mail...
2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322064/sexual-orientation-trends-and-disparities-in-school-bullying-and-violence-related-experiences-1999-2013
#10
Carol Goodenow, Ryan J Watson, Jones Adjei, Yuko Homma, Elizabeth Saewyc
Numerous recent studies have demonstrated that schools are often unsafe for lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adolescents, who are more likely than heterosexual peers to be bullied, harassed, or victimized in school contexts. Virtually all of these studies call for change, yet none investigate whether or not it has occurred. Using repeated waves of a population-based high school survey, we examine (1) the extent to which sexual orientation differences in school bullying and violence-related experiences are reported by lesbian/gay, bisexual, and heterosexual male and female adolescents; (2) trends in school bullying and violence-related experiences for each gender/orientation group, and (3) whether disparities have changed over time...
December 2016: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497071/advances-in-research-with-lgbtq-youth-in-schools
#11
Nicholas C Heck, V Paul Poteat, Carol S Goodenow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042585/the-protective-role-of-gay-straight-alliances-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-questioning-students-a-prospective-analysis
#12
Salvatore Ioverno, Alexander B Belser, Roberto Baiocco, Arnold H Grossman, Stephen T Russell
Prior studies show a strong association between gay-straight alliances (GSAs) and the well-being and safety of sexual minority students at school. However, nearly all existing literature has relied on cross-sectional data. Using data from the first two panels of a multi-site longitudinal study on risk and protective factors for suicide among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and questioning (LGBQ) youth in three U.S. cities, we examined the influence of presence of and participation in a GSA on perceptions of safety at school, homophobic bullying experiences, and psychosocial adjustment (depression and self-esteem) in 327 LGBQ students across two school years...
December 2016: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018933/mindfulness-as-a-coping-strategy-for-bias-based-school-victimization-among-latina-o-sexual-minority-youth
#13
Russell B Toomey, Karla Anhalt
This study examined whether mindfulness strategies (e.g., acting non-judgmentally with awareness and attention to present events) were effective in mitigating the associations among school-based victimization related to ethnicity and sexual orientation, well-being (i.e., depressive symptoms and self-esteem), and grade-point average (GPA). The U.S.-based sample included 236 Latina/o sexual minority students, ranging in age from 14 to 24 years (47% were enrolled in secondary schools, 53% in postsecondary schools)...
December 2016: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747257/the-role-of-gender-affirmation-in-psychological-well-being-among-transgender-women
#14
Tiffany R Glynn, Kristi E Gamarel, Christopher W Kahler, Mariko Iwamoto, Don Operario, Tooru Nemoto
High prevalence of psychological distress, including greater depression, lower self-esteem, and suicidal ideation, has been documented across numerous samples of transgender women and has been attributed to high rates of discrimination and violence. According to the gender affirmation framework (Sevelius, 2013), access to sources of gender-affirmative support can offset such negative psychological effects of social oppression. However, critical questions remain unanswered in regards to how and which aspects of gender affirmation are related to psychological well-being...
September 2016: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713906/the-role-of-substance-use-motives-in-the-associations-between-minority-stressors-and-substance-use-problems-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#15
Brian A Feinstein, Michael E Newcomb
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) report higher rates of substance use than their heterosexual peers and minority stress has been posited as a risk factor for substance use. The associations between specific types of minority stress and substance use have been inconsistent throughout the literature and few studies have examined mechanisms underlying these associations. Drawing on minority stress theory and the motivational model of alcohol use, we propose that one mechanism underlying these associations may be people's motivations for using substances, including using substances to cope with negative emotions and to enhance pleasure...
September 2016: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774492/college-status-perceived-drinking-norms-and-alcohol-use-among-sexual-minority-women
#16
Christine M Lee, Jessica Blayney, Isaac C Rhew, Melissa A Lewis, Debra Kaysen
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults are at elevated risk for drinking compared to heterosexual young adults, and this discrepancy is particularly striking for sexual minority women (SMW). Perceived social norms are strong predictors of young adult alcohol use, especially among college students. The college environment is often one where increases in alcohol use are seen, but the impact of college status on SMW's drinking has been understudied. The present study explored patterns of alcohol use and consequences among SMW and the extent to which social norms relate to use and consequences...
March 2016: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26900586/implications-of-childhood-experiences-for-the-health-and-adaptation-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-individuals-sensitivity-to-developmental-process-in-future-research
#17
Margaret Rosario
The empirical literature on lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals has predominantly focused on sexual-orientation disparities between LGB and heterosexual individuals on health and adaptation, as well as on the role of gay-related or minority stress in the health and adaptation of LGB individuals. Aside from demographic control variables, the initial predictor is a marker of sexual orientation or LGB-related experience (e.g., minority stress). Missing are potential strengths and vulnerabilities that LGB individuals develop over time and bring to bear on their sexual identity development and other LGB-related experiences...
September 2015: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26640810/sexual-minority-stress-and-suicide-risk-identifying-resilience-through-personality-profile-analysis
#18
Nicholas A Livingston, Nicholas C Heck, Annesa Flentje, Hillary Gleason, Kathryn M Oost, Bryan N Cochran
BACKGROUND: Sexual minority-based victimization, which includes threats or enacted interpersonal violence, predicts elevated suicide risk among sexual minority individuals. However, research on personality factors that contribute to resilience among sexual minority populations is lacking. Using the Five-Factor Model, we hypothesized that individuals classified as adaptive (versus at-risk) would be at decreased risk for a suicide attempt in the context of reported lifetime victimization...
September 2015: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26634221/strategies-employed-by-sexual-minority-adolescents-to-cope-with-minority-stress
#19
J T Goldbach, J J Gibbs
Sexual minority adolescents (SMA) experience disparities in health and behavioral health outcomes, including high rates of depression, anxiety, self-harm, substance use, HIV risk behavior, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts. These outcomes are commonly attributed to minority stress. Stress experiences are different for SMA than their adult counterparts. For example, disclosing their sexual orientation may be more likely to result in homelessness because these youth more often live with parents or other family members...
September 2015: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26478901/minority-stress-positive-identity-development-and-depressive-symptoms-implications-for-resilience-among-sexual-minority-male-youth
#20
Douglas Bruce, Gary W Harper, Jose A Bauermeister
INTRODUCTION: Minority stress processes have been shown to have significant associations with negative mental health outcomes among sexual minority populations. Given that adversity may be experienced growing up as a sexual minority in heteronormative, if not heterosexist, environments, our research on resilience among sexual minority male youth proposes that positive identity development may buffer the effects of a range of minority stress processes. METHODS: An ethnically diverse sample of 200 sexual minority males ages 16-24 (mean age, 20...
September 2015: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
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