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IDCases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920986/fulminant-ecchymosis-as-the-initial-manifestation-of-antiphospholipid-syndrome-aps-triggered-by-respiratory-syncytial-virus-rsv-infection-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Jun Makino, Sanjana Koshy, Sonal Bajaj, Young-Gwang Jeong, David C Perlman
We present a unique and informative instance of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection associated with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), and discuss this case in the context of the literature addressing the immunopathogenesis of APS associated with diverse infections. We describe the case of a 43-year-old man with no significant past medical history who presented with the acute onset of fever, hemoptysis, and extensive bullous, ecchymotic lesions in both lower extremities. Punch biopsy of the lesion demonstrated thrombotic vasculopathy...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920985/the-first-case-of-recurrent-ultra-late-onset-group-b-streptococcal-sepsis-in-a-3-year-old-child
#2
Ai Hosoda, Ryohei Gatayama, Shiori Moriyama, Noriyuki Ishii, Kenichiro Yamada, Youhei Matsuzaki, Masayoshi Shinjoh
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a commonly recognized cause of sepsis and meningitis in neonatal and young infants. Invasive GBS infection is classified into early onset GBS disease (EOD, day 0-6), late onset GBS disease (LOD, day 7-89) and ultra late onset GBS disease (ULOD, after 3 months of age). ULOD is uncommon and recurrence is especially rare. We present the first recurrent case of ULOD GBS sepsis in 3-year-old girl with a past medical history of hydrops fetalis and thoracic congenital lymphatic dysplasia...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920984/staphylococcus-lugdunensis-endocarditis-with-destruction-of-the-ventricular-septum-and-multiple-native-valves
#3
Celestine Ishiekwene, Monica Ghitan, Margaret Kuhn-Basti, Edward Chapnick, Yu Shia Lin
Staphylococcus lugdunensis (S. lugdunensis) is a coagulase negative staphylococcus (CoNS) that can cause destructive infective endocarditis. S. lugdunensis, unlike other CoNS, should be considered to be a pathogen. We report the first case of S. lugdunensis endocarditis causing ventricular septal defect and destruction of the aortic and mitral valves. A 53-year-old male with morbid obesity and COPD presented with intermittent fever and progressive shortness of breath for 2 weeks. Chest examination showed bilateral basal crepitations, and a grade 2 systolic murmur along the right sternal border...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920983/bacteremic-renal-stone-associated-urinary-tract-infection-caused-by-nontypable-haemophilus-influenzae-a-rare-invasive-disease-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#4
Masanao Fujii, Harumi Gomi, Haruhiko Ishioka, Noriko Takamura
Haemophilus species are known to colonize the upper respiratory tract and can cause infections. However Haemophilus influenzae has been rarely described as a cause of genitourinary tract infection. We report a 44-year-old nonimmunocompromised Japanese man with bacteremic pyelonephritis caused by a nontypable H. influenzae associated with a left ureteral calculus. The organism was isolated from both blood and urine cultures. Treatment consisted of 14 days of intravenous ceftriaxone and oral amoxicillin one after than other and insertion of a left ureteral stent...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920982/clinical-implications-of-paracoccus-yeeii-bacteremia-in-a-patient-with-decompensated-cirrhosis
#5
Jordan Sack, David R Peaper, Pramod Mistry, Maricar Malinis
Infections in patients with cirrhosis are common among those who develop variceal hemorrhage. Prophylactic antimicrobial treatment with third generation cephalosporins is recommended in patients with advanced cirrhosis and gastrointestinal hemorrhage. However no infectious source is identified in up to 50% of patients with cirrhosis and clinical sepsis. We report the first case of Paracoccus yeeii bacteremia in a patient with decompensated cirrhosis who presented with variceal hemorrhage. This rare gram negative organism that occurs naturally in the soil has been difficult to isolate until recent technological advances and may not be susceptible to third generation cephalosporins...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920981/infective-endocarditis-and-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-diagnosed-simultaneously
#6
Fujiko Morita, Yuji Hirai, Kiyozumi Suzuki, Yuki Uehara, Kazunori Mitsuhashi, Atsushi Amano, Toshio Naito
Poor dentition and/or dental infection due to insufficient oral care are presumed to be risk factors for infective endocarditis (IE). We present a case of endocarditis caused by Granulicatella adiacens and Sjögren's syndrome (SS) with oral complications diagnosed simultaneously. A 67-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with fever, general fatigue, arthralgia, and back pain. She was diagnosed with primary SS according to the criteria of the American-European Consensus Group. Transthoracic echocardiography carried out to examine her persistent fever revealed vegetation formation (14 × 5 mm) on the aortic valve and her blood cultures were positive for G...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920980/phagocytized-candida-albicans-in-the-peripheral-blood-smear-of-a-girl-with-crohn-disease
#7
Kiyozumi Suzuki, Takahiro Kudo, Yuji Hirai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909685/persistent-immune-thrombocytopenia-heralds-the-diagnosis-of-mycobacterium-chimaera-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis
#8
Keith A Sacco, M Caroline Burton
A 63 year old female was admitted for investigation of worsening renal insufficiency. During hospitalization she developed persistent immune thrombocytopenia refractory to supportive or immunosuppressive treatment. She was diagnosed with Mycobacterium chimaera prosthetic valve endocarditis and thrombocytopenia resolved with anti-mycobacterial therapy.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882302/pyonephrosis-and-pyocystis
#9
Christian Rojas-Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882301/prolonged-shedding-of-chikungunya-virus-in-semen-and-urine-a-new-perspective-for-diagnosis-and-implications-for-transmission
#10
Antonio Carlos Bandeira, Gubio Soares Campos, Veronica França Diniz Rocha, Bruno Solano de Freitas Souza, Milena Botelho Pereira Soares, Alexsandro Araujo Oliveira, Yara Carvalho de Abreu, Gabriela Sant Ana Menezes, Silvia Ines Sardi
We report the presence of Chikungunya (CHIKV) RNA in the blood, urine and semen during the acute phase of the disease in an adult with a dual infection with Dengue virus type 3. The patient, a 25 yr-old man from Salvador, Brazil, reported a 6-day duration of high fever, arthralgia, myalgia, headache and photophobia.Blood and semen specimens were positive for CHIKV in the first collected samples; semen and urine specimens were positive for CHIKV after 30 days of symptoms onset. DENV-3 RNA was positive in blood specimen when first collected 6 days after the initiation of symptoms...
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882300/no-light-at-the-end-of-the-tunnel%C3%A2-an-unfortunate-case-of-varicella-associated-progressive-outer-retinal-necrosis-in-a-patient-with-neglected-hiv-infection
#11
Robert E Winsett, Holly M Day, Gregory M Anstead
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843769/a-case-of-infective-endocarditis-along-with-a-ruptured-valve-caused-by-streptococcus-agalactiae-in-an-immunocompetent-man
#12
Kiyozumi Suzuki, Yuji Hirai, Fujiko Morita, Yuki Uehara, Hiroko Oshima, Kazunori Mitsuhashi, Atsushi Amano, Toshio Naito
Streptococcus agalactiae (S. agalactiae) is a major cause of invasive disease in neonates and pregnant women, but has also recently been observed among non-pregnant adults, especially elderly persons or persons with underlying chronic disease. S. agalactiae is also a rare cause of infective endocarditis, and most cases require early surgery. We report the case of a 43-year-old previously healthy man who experienced rapid progressive culture-negative infective endocarditis with aortic valve vegetation and severe aortic regurgitation, which was complicated by lumbar spondylodiscitis...
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833858/neurogenic-pulmonary-edema-combined-with-febrile-seizures-in-early-childhood-a-report-of-two-cases
#13
Keiji Tasaka, Kousaku Matsubara, Masayuki Hori, Hiroyuki Nigami, Aya Iwata, Kenichi Isome, Yu Kawasaki, Sadayuki Nagai
Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is a clinical entity that can occur following central nervous system disorders. However, NPE occurs quite rarely in early childhood, and there has only been one report about pediatric NPE associated with febrile seizures. Two cases are reported here. One case involved a 2-year-old girl who presented with febrile seizures, which rapidly progressed to severe NPE. Since the NPE occurred in the emergency department room, the patient was able to be resuscitated via immediate endotracheal intubation...
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818944/an-unusual-case-of-salmonella-enteritidis-causing-pneumonia-septic-shock-and-multiple-organ-failure-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#14
M L Thompson Bastin, N R Neville, R E Parsons, A H Flannery, S J Tennant, C A Johnson
Salmonella species are facultative intracellular pathogens that most frequently cause self-limiting gastrointestinal disease, often acquired through the ingestion of contaminated food. We report the case of a 33-year-old otherwise healthy, not overtly immunosuppressed, man who was transferred to our facility with the chief complaint of respiratory failure and septic shock. Computed tomography of the chest revealed multifocal pneumonia in both lungs. A bronchial alveolar lavage was performed in the right middle lobe and cultures predominantly grew Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis...
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790396/idiopathic-granulomatous-mastitis-mimicking-inflammatory-breast-carcinoma-what-are-the-odds
#15
B Zulfiqar, U Appalaneni, B Ahmed, A Hassan, P Boddu, A Carey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757380/concurrent-ramsay-hunt-syndrome-and-disseminated-herpes-zoster-in-a-patient-with-relapsed-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#16
Ishita Chen, Raymond B Fohtung, Hanadi Ajam Oughli, Robert Bauer, Caline Mattar, William G Powderly, Mark S Thoelke
Ramsay Hunt Syndrome (RHS) is a rare complication of latent varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection that can occur in immunocompetent host. It usually involves ipsilateral facial paralysis, ear pain and facial vesicles. Disseminated herpes zoster is another complication of VZV infection typically seen in immunocompromised hosts. We describe a patient with relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who presented simultaneously with RHS and disseminated herpes zoster. While other complications have been documented to coexist with RHS, to our knowledge, this is the first reported case in the literature of concurrent RHS with disseminated herpes zoster...
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752473/bacillary-angiomatosis-presenting-with-polymorphic-skin-lesions
#17
Saskya Claasens, Ilan S Schwartz, Henry F Jordaan, Johann W Schneider
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752472/hiv-infection-with-viro-immunological-dissociation-in-a-patient-with-polycystic-kidney-disease-candidate-for-transplantation
#18
Claudia Colomba, Marcello Trizzino, Claudia Gioè, Danilo Di Bona, Alessandra Mularoni, Antonio Cascio
Here we describe the case of a HIV-infected patient with polycystic kidney disease and end stage renal diseases not transplantable due to the persistence of a CD4 count <200 notwithstanding a good virological response to highly active antiretroviral therapy and suggest that such limitation to kidney transplantation in such as cases might be bypassed.
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752471/squamous-cell-carcinoma-mimicking-fungal-infection
#19
Ryan P Brothers, Steven D Daveluy
A 61 year old immunosuppressed male presented with a non-healing wound following a rose thorn injury. Initial cultures revealed Candida parapsilosis, however histology confirmed squamous cell carcinoma in-situ (SCCis). This case emphasizes the importance of biopsy and cultures as fungal infection and SCCis often have similar, non-specific clinical appearances.
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747160/nocardia-arthritidis-as-a-cause-of-disseminated-nocardiosis-in-a-patient-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#20
Amity L Roberts, Rebecca M Davidson, Alison G Freifeld, Peter C Iwen
A case of disseminated nocardiosis caused by Nocardia arthritidis in an immunocompromised patient with a history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia and rheumatoid arthritis is presented. This report highlights the use for multilocus sequence typing (MLST) in addition to single gene molecular sequencing to identify rare Nocardia species.
2016: IDCases
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