Read by QxMD icon Read


Periklis G Foukas, Sotirios Tsiodras, Panagiota Economopoulou, Aris Spathis, Maria Mademli, Konstantinos Leventakos, Amanda Psyrri, Petros Karakitsos, Ioannis G Panayiotides
The development of immune system modulating agents, such as immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), has revolutionized cancer treatment. Nivolumab, a human monoclonal antibody against PD-1, has emerged as an efficient treatment for various malignancies, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, it is associated with important immune related side-effects, attributed to organ-specific inflammation, such as immune-mediated pneumonitis, a relatively uncommon, albeit potentially fatal adverse event. We herein present the unique case of severe interstitial pneumonitis with concomitant detection of Human Herpes Virus 6 (HHV-6) in a nivolumab treated patient with NSCLC...
2018: IDCases
Ayaka Ishihara, Etaro Hashimoto, Haruhiko Ishioka, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Harumi Gomi
Meningitis caused by the zoonotic pathogen Campylobacter fetus in immunocompetent adults is rare. We report a 48-year-old Japanese woman with no underlying disease who was found to have meningitis caused by C. fetus . Both C. fetus subsp. fetus and C. fetus subsp. venerealis were isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid culture. The mode of infection in our patient was considered to be associated with the consumption of raw beef and raw cattle liver on a regular basis. Public awareness and education to avoid the consumption of raw or undercooked meat might help prevent C...
2018: IDCases
Shinji Miyajima, Go Yamakawa, Masaya Ohana
Edwardsiella tarda is an unusual human pathogen. Gastroenteritis is the most frequently reported manifestation of E.tarda infection and extraintestinal infection including cholangitis has rarely been reported. The overall mortality rate for E.tarda bacteremia is, however, reported to be up to 50% (Janda and Abbott, 1993). We describe a 80-year-old diabetic woman with cholangitis and E.tarda bacteremia with a biliary obstruction associated with a large juxtapapillary duodenal diverticulum (Lemmel syndrome) in the setting of past partial hepatectomy and cholecystectomy...
2018: IDCases
Sandhya Nagarakanti, Eliahu Bishburg, Anita Bapat
Allograft infections post lung transplantation have a significant impact on morbidity and mortality. We report a rare case of triple viral infection with adenovirus, Herpes Simplex virus (HSV) and Cytomegalovirus (CMV) in a lung transplant recipient.
2018: IDCases
Saqib Walayat
Mycobacterium neoaurum is a rapidly growing non-tuberculous mycobacterium which is ubiquitous in nature. While it can cause line related infections in immunocompromised host, case reports of urinary tract infections, cutaneous infections, pulmonary infections, and meningoencephalitis have also been reported. We report the first case of Mycobacterium neoaurum line related bacteremia with concomitant pulmonary involvement. Our patient responded well to a nine week course of antimicrobials after removal of infected central line...
2018: IDCases
Michael Chavarria, Larry Lutwick, Bonny L Dickinson
Mycobacterium celatum is a slow-growing, non-tuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) and a rare cause of infection in humans. Infection occurs primarily by inhalation or direct inoculation from environmental sources, and this pathogen has been reported to cause localized infections in the lungs and lymph nodes of both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients, and disseminated disease in immunocompromised patients. Here, we present a case of pulmonary infection with M. celatum in an immunocompetent 68-year-old male with clinical features similar to tuberculosis...
2018: IDCases
Hassan El Khatib, Amal Naous, Soha Ghanem, Ghassan Dbaibo, Mariam Rajab
Guillain-Barre Syndrome, an acute flaccid paralysis known to be caused by recent Gastro-intestinal infections mainly campylobacter, and Respiratory infections mainly mycoplasma pneumoniae and influenza. One reported case of severe invasive pneumococcal disease in a 68 year old female, that presented with Austrian's triad of meningitis, pneumonia and endocarditis, and progressed to develop Guillain Barre syndrome, an association never been documented before. We present a case of 13 year old male, presented with hypoactivity and inability to bare his own weight, developed septic shock due to pneumococcus with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, and was found to have neurological findings of Guillain-Barre Syndrome...
2018: IDCases
Heta Javeri, Carolina Vélez-Mejía, Jose Cadena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: IDCases
Sana Idrees, Sonali Gupta, Miguel Mantilla, Pradeep Goyal, Ilja Hulinsky
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a feared complication in patients with diabetes mellitus and poses high risk of mortality and morbidity unless treated in timely manner. Infection is one of the most common precipitating factors for the development of diabetic ketoacidosis. Bacteremia with Group A and Group B beta hemolytic streptococcal strains are well known, however nonenterococcal Group D strains such as the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex (SBSEC) still remains an understudied entity. Here we present a case of a 35-year-old Type I diabetic female presenting with severe diabetic ketoacidosis with overlapping features of hyperosmolar hyperglycemia, precipitated by Streptococcus alactolyticus bacteremia, successfully treated with four-week course of parenteral ceftriaxone...
2018: IDCases
Y C Chee, Y N Chee
Burkholderia pseudomallei is recognized to cause severe and fatal infections. Most of the infections caused by this facultative intracellular gram-negative bacterium are pneumonia, soft tissue, genito-urinary and central nervous system infection. We report an unusual case of primary prostatic abscess complicated by perianal abscess caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. Melioidosis related anorectal infections have not been previously reported in the literature.
2018: IDCases
Burke A Cunha, Maekal Elyasi, Prince Singh, Ismail Jimada
Lyme disease may present with a variety of cardiac manifestations ranging from first degree to third degree heart block. Cardiac involvement with Lyme disease may be asymptomatic, or symptomatic. Atrioventrical conduction abnormalities are the most common manifestation of Lyme carditis. Less common, are alternating right bundle branch block (RBBB) and left bundle branch block (LBBB). We present an interesting case of a young male whose main manifestation of Lyme carditis was isolated LBBB. He also had mild Lyme myocarditis...
2018: IDCases
S Jainandunsing, L Oei, E H G Oei, R P J Budde, J Alsma, J J van Hellemond, A P W M Maat, C A M Schurink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: IDCases
Nilesh Tejura, Alexandra Sonyey
Adrenal insufficiency is a rare manifestation of tissue-invasive cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease. CMV is one of the leading opportunistic pathogens affecting renal transplant recipients. Its prevalence in the adrenal glands of autopsied AIDS cases has been well documented. We report a rare case of CMV-associated adrenal insufficiency in a renal transplant recipient.
2018: IDCases
Jaimie Mittal, Wendy A Szymczak, Noah Robbins, Carol Harris, Priya Nori
We present a case of fatal community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) due to Acinetobacter baumannii, which is rarely reported in the northeastern United States. Previously reported cases originate from tropical and subtropical climates, and infection tends to have an aggressive course with a poor outcome. Appropriate antimicrobial therapy is crucial; however, the associated systemic inflammatory response may overwhelm host defenses, especially in patients with certain co-morbidities.
2018: IDCases
Claudia Miranda, Michael A Jaker, Valerie A Fitzhugh-Kull, Lisa L Dever
Histoplasma capsulatum, a dimorphic fungus found world-wide, is endemic to regions of the Mississippi and Ohio River valleys and portions of Central and South America. Initial infection can present with acute pulmonary symptoms or remain clinically asymptomatic, with disease course generally guided by degree of inoculum and underlying immunosuppression. A chronic, progressive course of weight loss, oral ulceration, and fatigue has been associated with elderly males. We present a 79-year-old man with a chronic, progressive course of oral lesions, odynophagia, and weight loss who was found to have histoplasmosis on oral biopsy performed for suspicions of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma...
2018: IDCases
Srikant Mohta, Nitin Gupta, Kutty S Vinod, Naveet Wig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: IDCases
Christopher Thomas Mansbridge, Irina Grecu, Jimmy Sw Li Voon Chong, Clive Vandervelde, Kordo Saeed
Listeria rhombencephalitis (LRE) is a rare encephalitis of the hindbrain that can present with a variety of neurological symptoms. It is a diagnostic challenge, but prompt antimicrobial therapy is important to prevent high rates of mortality and morbidity. We report two cases of LRE, with several contrasting clinical features and different disease courses. Despite being rare, it is important to consider listeria in patients with possible meningoencephalitis, even if cultures are negative. Empirical treatment of meningoencephalitis should provide coverage for listeria, especially if the patient is at risk of listeriosis or there is a potential history of listeria exposure...
2018: IDCases
Saeko Takahashi, Chieko Xu, Tetsuya Sakai, Kotaro Fujii, Morio Nakamura
We report the first case of infective endocarditis following urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by Globicatella sanguinis in an 87-year-old Japanese woman with recurrent episodes of UTI. We identified the pathogen using the Rapid ID32 Strep system. Accurate identification of this infection is important and essential for the effective antimicrobial coverage to this pathogen.
2018: IDCases
Mohammed Raja, Jose Armando Gonzales Zamora
We report the case of a 66 year-old woman who presented nodular skin lesions on her back and upper extremities. Biopsy revealed amastigotes that were identified as Leishmania infantum-chagasi by PCR. Evaluation also showed hepatomegaly and pulmonary nodules. Treatment with amphotericin B led to complete resolution of skin lesions.
2018: IDCases
Sapha Barkati, Guillaume Butler-Laporte, Momar Ndao, Oluyomi Kabiawu Ajise, Makeda Semret, Cédric P Yansouni, Michael Libman
This case presents a hydatid cyst of the thigh in a 57-year-old patient born and raised in rural Montenegro. He presented with a painful erythematous mass on the lateral aspect of the right thigh at the site of a previous cystic mass resection 13 years earlier. Complete surgical resection was conducted, histopathology revealed laminated membranes and polymerase chain reaction was positive for Echinococcus granulosus. Primary musculoskeletal hydatidosis is a rare entity and diagnosis is challenging. Any cystic lesion in a patient from an endemic area should raise the possibility of echinococcosis, regardless of anatomic location...
2018: IDCases
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"