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IDCases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159072/adult-retropharyngeal-abscess
#1
Tohru Tanigawa, Fumiya Kano, Daisuke Inukai, Tessei Kuruma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159071/first-case-report-of-infection-caused-by-cupriavidus-gilardii-in-a-non-immunocompromised-chinese-patient
#2
Zhen Zhang, Wanyan Deng, Shuling Wang, Lanlan Xu, Ling Yan, Pu Liao
Cupriavidus gilardii was first identified as an aerobic, gram-negative, glucose-nonfermenting rod. C. gilardii has been characterized as an organism with low pathogenicity that causes opportunistic infections and few case reports of infection caused by this organism previously. We encountered the first case of bloodstream infection caused in China by C. gilardii in a 87-year old man without obvious immunodeficiency. The isolate were identified as C. gilardii by 16S rRNA sequencing. The infected patient was treated according to the laboratory's antibiogram of this strain...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159070/primary-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-immunocompetent-adults-in-the-united-states-a-case-series
#3
Nathanial Nolan, Umme-Aiman Halai, Hariharan Regunath, LPatrick Smith, Christian Rojas-Moreno, William Salzer
Primary Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is often not suspected as a cause of fever of unknown origin (FUO) in immune-competent adults. We present a case-series of symptomatic primary CMV infection in immunocompetent adults presenting as fever of unknown origin (FUO). All patients with CMV serology tested between November 2008 and June 2016 underwent chart review. Cases were defined as those between 18 and 65 years of age with documented fever and elevated serum anti-CMV IgM. Exclusion criteria were organ specific CMV disease, positive serum anti-EBV IgM, or presence of any immunocompromising condition...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147642/recurrent-cystoisospora-belli-in-a-patient-with-htlv-1-infection
#4
Mustafa Hasan, Eliahu Bishburg, Sandhya Nagarakanti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147641/severity-of-acute-zika-virus-infection-a-prospective-emergency-room-surveillance-study-during-the-2015-2016-outbreak-in-suriname
#5
Pieter Vroon, Jimmy Roosblad, Fauzia Poese, Jan Wilschut, John Codrington, Stephen Vreden, Rens Zonneveld
Acute Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is usually mild and self-limiting. Earlier, we reported three cases of fatal acute ZIKV infection in patients without typical signs of ZIKV, but rather with criteria of systemic inflammation response syndrome (SIRS). To follow up these observations, we prospectively included patients at the emergency room with temperature instability and suspected to have acute ZIKV infection, SIRS, or both. A total of 102 patients were included of whom N = 21 (21%) were suspected of acute ZIKV infection, N = 56 (55%) of acute ZIKV infection with SIRS criteria, and N = 25 (24%) of SIRS alone...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147640/robinsoniella-peoriensis-infection-related-to-right-femoral-hardware
#6
Justin Schmetterer, Joseph Gorvetzian, Shaun Yang
Discovered in swine manure relatively recently, Robsinoniella peoriensis is a gram-positive anaerobic bacilli that has been reported to cause human infections. Its antimicrobial susceptibility, epidemiology and overall pathogenicity are still not fully understood. We report a case of a hardware related soft tissue infection in the right femur caused by Robinsoneilla peoriensis following an open reduction internal fixation in a 67 year old immunocompetent woman. The patient was successfully treated with six weeks of ertapenem...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124012/necrotizing-soft-tissue-infection-of-the-thigh-associated-with-retroperitoneal-abscess-in-a-patient-with-locally-advanced-ascending-colon-cancer-a-case-report
#7
Shotaro Harada, Takaharu Kato, Shinichiro Okada, Kensuke Nakatani, Risa Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Nishida, Hiroyasu Komuro, Ai Yokoyama, Chikara Takase, Toshiyuki Suganuma
Necrotizing soft tissue infection (NSTI) is a rare but rapidly progressing soft-tissue infection. Few reports of NSTI caused by colon cancer have been published. We present a rare case of NSTI of the thigh associated the retroperitoneal spread of ascending colon cancer. A 64-year-old man had noticed right hip pain since 3 months before admission, he felt pain in the right thigh which was reddening, and he had difficulty in walking. He was referred to Yokosuka general hospital Uwamachi. Anterolateral aspect of his right thigh was reddening and swelling...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124011/varicella-zoster-virus-myeloencephalitis
#8
Takahiro Matsuo, Nobuyoshi Mori, Aki Sakurai, Keiichi Furukawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124010/positive-fecal-occult-blood-test-as-a-diagnostic-cue-for-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-in-a-developed-country
#9
Itaru Nakamura, Kenji Yagi, Takashi Kumagai, Nobuo Ohta
The rise in eco-tourism and travel off the beaten track have increased numbers of tourists with schistosomiasis which is seldom seen in developed countries, although this disease is considered a neglected tropical disease especially in poor communities. A Guinean male living in Japan was seen complaining of severe constipation. He was positive for fecal occult blood (FOB) and underwent colonoscopy. Colonoscopy showed petechiae of the rectal mucosa, with pathologic examination of biopsy tissue showing calcified eggs of the genus Schistosoma...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085780/disseminated-histoplasmosis-in-a-patient-with-common-variable-immunodeficiency-a-coincidence-or-the-result-of-t-cell-defects
#10
Molly E Johnson, Christian Rojas-Moreno, William Salzer, Hariharan Regunath
BACKGROUND: In endemic regions, histoplasmosis is often seen in hosts with defective cell mediated immunity. We report a case of disseminated histoplasmosis in a patient with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), a disorder mainly characterized by B cell defects. CASE: A 35 year old male with CVID developed fever, headache, dyspnea and pancytopenia within few weeks of swimming in the Tennessee River. After a non-revealing initial evaluation he was transferred to a tertiary facility for fever of unknown origin, where massive splenomegaly was noted...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062711/strongyloides-hyperinfection-syndrome-causing-fatal-meningitis-and-septicemia-by-citrobacter-koseri
#11
Felix Reyes, Navneet Singh, Nigar Anjuman-Khurram, Jihae Lee, Lillian Chow
Citrobacter koseri is a gram-negative bacillius that belongs to the Enterobacteriaceae family. It is an uncommon pathogen that typically causes meningitis and brain abscesses in children, however central nervous system (CNS) infections are rarely found in adults. We present a case of C. koseri meningitis in an immunocompetent adult secondary to intestinal micro-perforation caused by Strongyloides A 76-year-old man admitted for asthma exacerbation developed septic shock. A lumbar puncture revealed bacterial meningitis...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062710/brucellosis-a-cause-of-meningitis-not-to-neglect
#12
Abdelhay Lemnouer, Mohammed Frikh, Adil Maleb, Aziz Ahizoune, Ahmed Bourazza, Mostafa Elouennass
Brucellosis is the most frequent bacteria zoonosis in the world, with more than half a million new cases each year [1]. It is also the most significant zoonos in the edge of the Mediterranean Sea [2]. This zoonosis is capable of affecting humans and cause polymorphic clinical manifestations. In Morocco, the southern regions are the main affected areas [3]. We are reporting the observation of a 17-year-old male patient, who presented a febrile meningeal syndrome for 9 months without sensitivo-motor deficit. Tuberculosis is frequently evoked in such clinical presentations because Morocco is an endemic country, brucellosis is therefore often forgotten...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062709/encapsulated-pleural-effusion-due-to-haemophilus-influenzae-biotype-ii-in-a-child-with-trisomy-21-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Masanori Kaneko, Yuki Bando, Tomohiro Fujita, Yoneji Hirose, Eisuke Suganuma, Masahiro Ishii, Takashi Takahashi
Haemophilus influenzae (Hi) can colonize in the upper respiratory tract and cause severe pulmonary infections, especially among immunocompromised children. Herein, we report a case of left encapsulated pleural effusion (EPE) due to Hi in a 24-month-old girl with trisomy 21. She was already vaccinated against Hi type b. The Hi biotype II was isolated from both the blood and aspirated sputum obtained upon admission. Ampicillin/sulbactam 180 mg/kg/day was administered intravenously for 34 days with oxygen supplementation for 4 days...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034174/rare-case-of-rhizobium-radiobacter-bioprosthetic-mitral-valve-endocarditis
#14
Ryan Halas, Chris Jacob, Karun Badwal, Rafi Mir
Rhizobium radiobacter is an aerobic, gram negative, rod-shaped, bacterium typically found in the soil. Commonly a plant pathogen, it is also a rare human pathogen causing serious disease. Risk factors for infection include neutropenia, leukopenia, catheters, hospitalization, and low CD4+ lymphocyte count, especially in patients with malignancy or human immunodeficiency virus. There is currently limited literature to establish a definitive guideline for antimicrobial therapy and obtaining susceptibilities from a specialized laboratory is appropriate...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034173/mycobacteria-bovis-osteomyelitis-following-intravesical-bcg-for-bladder-cancer
#15
Karan Seegobin, Satish Maharaj, Cherisse Baldeo, Carmen Isache, Bharatsinh Gharia, Lara Zuberi
Mycobacteria Bovis osteomyelitis is a rare adverse effect after Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) intravesical therapy. A 62-year-old male presented with acute spinal cord compression three months after completing his second course of therapy for bladder cancer. The first course with intravesical BCG was complicated with an episode of hematuria. He reported intermittent subjective fever for 3 weeks thereafter which resolved with Tylenol. Interferon-α2 B was added to the second cycle of intravesical BCG with the indication here being residual tumor, and was tolerated well...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021960/relapsing-ebv-encephalitis-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient
#16
Joshua A Stone, Bettina M Knoll, Dimitrios Farmakiotis
In solid organ transplant recipients, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) can cause active central nervous system (CNS) infection or malignant transformation of latently infected cells in the CNS, known as post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD). Reduction of T-cell immunosuppression is the cornerstone of management. The role of antivirals with in-vitro activity against herpesviruses in EBV-related CNS syndromes is controversial, as they have no effect on latent virus. We report an unusual case of relapsing EBV encephalitis in a donor-positive, EBV-negative renal transplant recipient, with response to valganciclovir...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021959/constrictive-pericarditis-caused-by-cutibacterium-propionibacterium-acnes-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#17
Troels Bek Jensen, Makhmud Abu El Kheyr, Rajesh Mohey
Constrictive and effusive-constrictive pericarditis are rare cardiac disorders. Only rarely are the conditions caused by purulent infection, and even more infrequently by anaerobe bacteria. We describe a case of constrictive - and effusive-constrictive pericarditis due to Cutibacterium (formerly Propionibacterium) acnes in a 75-year old, immunocompetent and previously healthy patient without any predisposition. The patient was successfully treated with subtotal pericardiectomy and beta-lactam antibacterials...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966914/laryngeal-paracoccidioidomycosis-presenting-as-solitary-true-vocal-fold-disease
#18
Walter de Araujo Eyer-Silva, Annelise Callmann Santana, Guilherme Almeida Rosa da Silva, Marcelo Costa Velho Mendes de Azevedo, Juliana Li Ting Matos Sun Barreto, Marina Apolloni Neumann, Izana Junqueira de Castro, Rodrigo Panno Basílio-de-Oliveira, Luciana Ferreira de Araujo, Nathane Zanineli Ré, Felipe Marques de Oliveira, Caio José de Araujo Simas, Marcos André de Sarvat, Fernando Raphael de Almeida Ferry
Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic granulomatous disease caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis or P. lutzii. It is a neglected tropical infectious disease that poses a major public health burden in endemic areas of Latin America. Mucosae of the upper digestive and respiratory tracts are commonly involved and many patients have disease at multiple mucosal sites, with or without lung involvement. Mucosal PCM presenting as solitary true vocal fold disease is relatively rare. We present the case of a 67-year-old Brazilian forest guard who presented with a 6-month history of hoarseness and globus pharyngeus due to a solitary left true vocal fold infiltration and vegetation diagnosed as PCM...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966913/disseminated-pasteurella-multocida-infection-cellulitis-osteomyelitis-and-myositis
#19
Yasmin C Marcantonio, Prathit A Kulkarni, Shira Sachs, Kevin Ting, Jennifer Lee, Daniel Mendoza
A 67-year-old man with poorly controlled type II diabetes mellitus was evaluated for right lower extremity erythema and swelling and left-sided lower back pain. He was found to have Pasteurella multocida bacteremia; magnetic resonance imaging showed osteomyelitis of the lumbar spine with myositis in the adjacent left paraspinal muscles. He was initially treated with intravenous antibiotics and was later transitioned to oral amoxicillin. He recovered completely with six weeks of antimicrobial therapy.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966912/first-case-of-prosthetic-knee-infection-with-granulicatella-adiacens-in-the-united-states
#20
Chandra Pingili, Janelle Sterns, Padilla Jose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: IDCases
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