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IDCases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736717/a-case-of-suspected-symptomatic-zika-neuroretinitis
#1
Avidesh Panday, Sherry Sandy, David King, Shivanand Ramdeen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736716/mucositis-and-oral-infections-secondary-to-gram-negative-rods-in-patients-with-prolonged-neutropenia
#2
Mindy M Sampson, Sowmya Nanjappa, John N Greene
Patients with prolonged neutropenia are at risk for a variety of complications and infections including the development of mucositis and oral ulcers. The changes in oral flora during chemotherapy and its effects on the development of infections of the oral cavity have been studied with inconsistent results. However, there is evidence that supports the colonization of gram negative rods in patients undergoing chemotherapy. In this report, we present two leukemic patients who developed oral ulcers secondary to multi-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736715/a-case-of-liver-abscess-and-fusobacterium-septicemia
#3
Elham Rahmati, Rosemary C She, Brittany Kazmierski, P Jan Geiseler, Darren Wong
Fusobacterium species are well described as the causative pathogen in Lemierre's syndrome, a suppurative thrombophlebitis of the jugular vein. However, they are less recognized for a unique variant of Lemierre's syndrome presenting with invasive intraabdominal infection and associated portal vein thrombosis. We describe a case of Fusobacterium nucleatum with hepatic abscess and septic pylephlebitis.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725566/concomitant-crystal-induced-and-septic-arthritis
#4
Kohei Morinaga, Katsuo Yamanaka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725565/facial-rash-in-a-renal-transplant-patient
#5
Emmanuel Okon, David Seung L Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725564/post-partum-streptococcal-toxic-shock-syndrome-associated-with-necrotizing-fasciitis
#6
Wei Chuan Chua, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan, Saedah Ali, Sanihah Che Omar, Wan Mohd Nazaruddin Wan Hassan, S Praveena Seevaunnantum, Rhendra Hardy Mohd Zaini, Mohd Hasyizan Hassan, Alwi Muhd Besari, Zaidah Abd Rahman, Zeti Norfidiyati Salmuna Ayub, Sabrina Abd Ghani, Normalinda Yaacob, Wan Rosilawati Wan Rosli
We report a fatal case of post-partum streptococcal toxic shock syndrome in a patient who was previously healthy and had presented to the emergency department with an extensive blistering ecchymotic lesions over her right buttock and thigh associated with severe pain. The pregnancy had been uncomplicated, and the mode of delivery had been spontaneous vaginal delivery with an episiotomy. She was found to have septicemic shock requiring high inotropic support. Subsequently, she was treated for necrotizing fasciitis, complicated by septicemic shock and multiple organ failures...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725563/atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-triggered-by-varicella-infection
#7
Pauline Condom, Jean-Michel Mansuy, Stéphane Decramer, Jacques Izopet, Catherine Mengelle
Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) is a well-known virus that belongs to the Herpesviridae family which induces a self-limited disease except in specific cases in particular among stem cell transplant patients. This virus is not known however to trigger atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (aHUS). Here we report the case of a six-year-old boy who was hospitalized with fever and abdominal pains associated to pruritic and vesicular rash, thrombocytopenia and acute renal failure. He was diagnosed with aHUS precipitated by varicella virus...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725562/pleural-empyema-and-streptococcal-toxic-shock-syndrome-due-to-streptococcus-pyogenes-in-a-healthy-spanish-traveler-in-japan
#8
Tetsuya Sakai, Daisuke Taniyama, Saeko Takahashi, Morio Nakamura, Takashi Takahashi
Group A Streptococcus (GAS, Streptococcus pyogenes) causes invasive infections including streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS) and local infections. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a case of an invasive GAS infection with pneumonia and pleural empyema (PE) followed by STSS (disseminated intravascular coagulation [DIC] and acute renal insufficiency) in a healthy male adult. He received combined supportive therapies of PE drainage, anti-DIC agent, hemodialysis, and antimicrobials and eventually made a clinical recovery...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725561/bronchopleural-and-pleurocutaneous-fistula-in-hiv-patient-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#9
Filipa Duarte-Ribeiro, Cátia Dias, Margarida Mota
We present a 37-year-old man intravenous drug user, with HIV/HCV/HBV co-infection, lymph node tuberculosis 10 years before (completed 12 months of treatment), and left lobar pneumonia 4 years earlier complicated by empyema (treated with left lower lobectomy with a persistent bronchopleural fistula) who was admitted to the emergency department with caseous-purulent drainage and exteriorization of air from an orifice in the chest wall. Acid-fast bacilli were identified in this drainage. A pleurocutaneous fistula was evident on the chest computed tomography scan...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725560/haemophilus-influenzae-serotype-f-endocarditis-and-septic-arthritis
#10
Katerina Oikonomou, Basel Alhaddad, Kayla Kelly, Ravindra Rajmane, George Apergis
Haemophilus influenzae represents gram-negative coccobacilli which can cause endocarditis, meningitis, septicemia, pneumonia, septic arthritis. H.influenzae exists as encapsulated and unencapsulated (non-typeable) strains. Non-typeable H.influenzae are emerging pathogens especially in elderly population. We report a case of a 73 year old woman with bacteremia, endocarditis and septic arthritis due to H.influenzae serotype f. This case emphasizes the clinical features and the key elements of diagnosis and management of infections caused by non-typeable strains of H...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725559/a-case-of-klebsiella-oxytoca-endocarditis-in-an-intravenous-drug-user
#11
Naomi Hauser, Elizabeth Tanner, Michael Keuroghlian, Lalitha Koduri
Non-HACEK Gram-negative bacilli account for only a small percentage of infective endocarditis cases globally. Among those, Klebsiella species account for only about 10% of cases and are most often health-care acquired. We present a rare case of Klebsiella oxytoca endocarditis in a young intravenous drug user.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706856/disseminated-nocardia-cyriacigeorgia-causing-pancreatitis-in-a-haploidentical-stem-cell-transplant-recipient
#12
Jason Chen, Jonathan Pan, Joanne Filicko-O'Hara, Margaret Kasner, Phyllis Flomenberg
We report the first published case of acute pancreatitis secondary to disseminated nocardiosis in a hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipient on chronic immunosuppression for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Nocardiosis in the HSCT population is relatively rare, and has not yet been described in haploidentical HSCT recipients. Our patient is a 28-year-old male with a history of haploidentical HSCT and GVHD of the skin and lung who was admitted to the hospital with acute pancreatitis. The workup for the etiology of his pancreatitis was initially unrevealing...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706855/a-rare-case-of-disseminated-sporothrix-schenckii-with-bone-marrow-involvement-in-a-patient-with-idiopathic-cd4-lymphocytopenia
#13
Kruti J Yagnik, William Paul Skelton, Angela Olson, Cesar A Trillo, Jorge Lascano
Sporothrix schenckii is a pathogen with a predilection for dissemination in immunocompromised individuals, often with HIV. We report a case of disseminated sporotrichosis in an unfortunate 25 year old male (without HIV) who was originally treated for presumed pneumonia. The patient continued to worsen clinically and further work-up eventually revealed Sporothrix schenckii species with involvement of multiple organs including the skin, heart, lungs and bone marrow. Despite treatment with multiple antibacterials and antifungals, he ultimately passed away...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706854/nocardia-beijingensis-brain-abscesses-in-an-hiv-infected-individual
#14
Jolie Guevara Keenan, Sunita Mohapatra
We describe a case of a 50-year-old Hispanic man diagnosed with HIV/AIDS who presented with a generalized tonic clonic seizure and ring enhancing cerebral lesions on imaging. He was initially treated for CNS toxoplasmosis but presented to the hospital with another tonic clonic seizure despite prescribed therapy. Brain biopsy was performed which revealed Nocardia beijingensis. He was treated with intravenous meropenem and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole for six weeks followed by long term oral trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole with radiographic and clinical improvement...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706853/a-case-of-ceftriaxone-associated-biliary-pseudolithiasis-in-an-elderly-patient-with-renal-dysfunction
#15
Shuichi Abe
Prior literature suggests that ceftriaxone causes formation of gallbladder stones at a relatively high frequency, and when abdominal symptoms occur, prompt investigation of the gallbladder is required with institution of appropriate treatment. Aging, malnutrition, renal impairment, and sepsis are risk factors for pseudolithiasis, and prevention of these is important to suppress gallstone development.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702359/cerebral-toxoplasmosis-requiring-urgent-brain-biopsy
#16
Moamen Al Zoubi, Beenish Zulfiqar, Mandavi Kulkarni
A 39-yerar-old man was admitted to our hospital with behavioral disturbances and generalized headaches. He was diagnosed with CNS toxoplasmosis after performing a brain biopsy. He found to be HIV positive with a CD4 of 14/uL He was started on ant toxoplasmosis along with antiretroviral therapy. He presented 6 weeks after discharge with worsening headache thought to be related to relapse of toxoplasmosis. However, he found to have severe anemia related to CMV-induced gastrointestinal bleeding. He was started on anti-cytomegalovirus drugs and has finally achieved significant improvement...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660132/new-delhi-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-1-ndm-1-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-household-vacuum-cleaner-oregon-2013
#17
Genevieve L Buser, P Maureen Cassidy, Christopher D Pfeiffer, John M Townes, Karim E Morey, Jaipreet Rayar, Kirthi K Kutumbaka, Sukkyun Han, Cesar Nadala, Mansour Samadpour, Scott J Weissman, Robert Vega, Zintars G Beldavs
The first Oregon case of New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1)-producing Escherichia coli was reported during November 2013. Epidemiologic investigation revealed only local outpatient medical care and no travel outside Oregon for both the patient and his household contact. Environmental sampling discovered a matching isolate from the patient's household vacuum cleaner, suggesting environmental persistence.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660131/successful-treatment-of-multidrug-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-using-dual-carbapenem-regimen-in-immunocompromised-patient
#18
Wasim S El Nekidy, Mohamed Y Mooty, Nizar Attallah, Lyssette Cardona, Maria Fernanda Bonilla, Islam M Ghazi
This report describes a longitudinal case of immunocompromised patient post kidney transplant who was admitted to our institution repeatedly for treatment of various infections caused by multi-drug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae. The patient was successfully treated with a combination of ertapenem/meropenem on multiple occasions despite the elevated MICs. Our observations corroborate previous preclinical studies and case reports showing the efficacy of double carbapenem regimens against resistant Enterobacteriaceae...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660130/mesenteric-lymphadenitis-as-a-presenting-feature-of-whipple-s-disease
#19
Mwelwa Chizinga, Danise Schiliro, Brett Mullin, Rashida La Barrie
Detecting Whipple's disease, a "great imitator", requires a high index of suspicion so that antimicrobial treatment can be initiated in a timely manner; a missed diagnosis can be fatal. Although an uncommon cause, Whipple's disease must be considered in adults with mesenteric lymphadenitis. We report the case of a 39-year-old African American man who presented with chronic joint pain, chronic weight loss, and acute onset epigastric pain. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis showed extensive mesenteric lymphadenopathy...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660129/haemophilus-influenzae-peritonitis-in-a-girl-on-automated-peritoneal-dialysis-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Taketo Otsuka, Hiroya Hasegawa, Takeshi Yamada, Utako Kaneko, Akihiko Saitoh
Haemophilus influenzae is a rare cause of peritonitis in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). We report a case of peritonitis due to non-typeable H. influenzae in a 5-year-old girl on automated PD. The patient was successfully treated with intraperitoneal cefepime and cefazolin. The isolate was multilocus sequence type 3 and contained the hmw and hia genes but was IS1016-negative. Seven of the eight reported cases were female, indicating that sex-associated factors may be important in H. influenzae peritonitis in patients on PD...
2017: IDCases
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