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Journal of Law and the Biosciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191073/-neurophobia-a-reply-to-patterson
#1
Peter A Alces
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191072/suicide-and-death-with-dignity
#2
Kevin M Simmons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191071/state-incentives-to-promote-organ-donation-honoring-the-principles-of-reciprocity-and-solidarity-inherent-in-the-gift-relationship
#3
Mélanie Levy
Organ transplantation saves the lives of thousands of patients worldwide every year. However, a chronic organ shortage overshadows this success. We define the organ shortage as a public health problem due to its serious consequences on patients and society. This definition raises the question of the state's role in transplantation medicine. It leads us to formulate a public policy promoting organ donation through state incentives, ie regulatory instruments to reward individuals' willingness to donate. Incentives allow the state to express gratitude for the solidary act of the donor toward the recipient and society...
August 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191070/surrogacy-privacy-and-the-american-convention-on-human-rights
#4
Martín Hevia
Under the Inter-American Human Rights System, individuals have a right to access reproductive technologies. However, the legal status of surrogacy agreements in State Parties to the American Convention on Human Rights (ACHR) is mostly uncertain. The article discusses whether a complete ban on surrogacy is compatible with the ACHR. It considers potential objections to surrogacy agreements: 'corruption objections'-surrogacy denigrates the nature of what is being exchanged-, the potential exploitation of surrogates and welfare concerns of children born from surrogacy...
August 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191069/privatizing-procreative-liberty-in-the-shadow-of-eugenics
#5
Dov Fox
The late John Robertson is renowned for the theory of 'procreative liberty' that he expounded in his pioneering book, Children of Choice . Procreative liberty captures the 'freedom to reproduce without sex' above and beyond the 'freedom to have sex without reproduction' that are recognized by constitutional rights to abortion and birth control. Most controversial among Robertson's work on procreative liberty was its application to prenatal selection. Unless the state had very good reasons, he argued, people should be free to access reproductive medicine or technology to have a child who or would be born with particular traits...
August 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191068/creating-life-after-death-should-posthumous-reproduction-be-legally-permissible-without-the-deceased-s-prior-consent
#6
Shelly Simana
Scientific advances enable to retrieve and use gametes of a deceased person, thereby creating a child after the death of a genetic parent. This article reviews and compares legislation governing posthumous reproduction in the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, and Israel. It shows that each country has its own distinctive features, yet three common elements exist-legal ambiguity, a requirement for prior consent, and permission for the partner, but not the parents, to retrieve and use the deceased's gametes...
August 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191067/uterus-transplantation-in-and-beyond-cisgender-women-revisiting-procreative-liberty-in-light-of-emerging-reproductive-technologies
#7
Amel Alghrani
Whilst internationally a growing body of literature is emerging on uterus transplantation as the latest advance in assisted reproductive technology, much of this has been devoted to responding to the ethical questions raised by this procedure in the context of its immediate purpose, to restore fertility in cisgender women. Very few have addressed whether it can be claimed that there is a right to gestate under the umbrella of procreative liberty, nor whether such a right, if it does exist, applies not only to cisgender women, but also transgender and gender variant individuals and cisgender men...
August 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191066/the-tyranny-of-choice-reproductive-selection-in-the-future
#8
Sonia M Suter
This article explores the enormous challenges to reproductive decision making that could result from two emerging technologies: the potential capacity to create vast numbers of embryos for preimplantation genetic diagnosis and the ability to obtain ever more predictive information about the embryo. Together these technologies could change our reproductive experience, exacerbate existing inequities, and profoundly affect reproductive decision making. Simply comprehending the dizzying amounts of predictive information about the health and traits of future children will overwhelm future parents...
August 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191065/a-clash-at-the-petri-dish-transferring-embryos-with-known-genetic-anomalies
#9
Judith Daar
Advancing technologies in genetic testing of preimplantation embryos enable IVF patients to access detailed information about their future child's health status, facilitating and complicating their reproductive decision-making. Testing for embryonic genetic anomalies linked to future health has grown increasingly sophisticated. A patient's decision to seek transfer of a health-affected embryo may or may not be compatible with her physician's professional conscience, potentially resulting in a clash at the petri dish...
August 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191064/editorial
#10
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707223/author-s-response-to-peer-commentaries-brain-based-mind-reading-conceptual-clarifications-and-legal-applications
#11
Gerben Meynen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707222/the-difficulty-of-discerning-the-effect-of-neuroscience-a-peer-commentary-of-shen-et-al-2018
#12
John B Meixner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707221/what-do-experimental-simulations-tell-us-about-the-effect-of-neuro-genetic-evidence-on-jurors
#13
Nicholas Scurich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707220/the-impact-of-virtual-reality-on-implicit-racial-bias-and-mock-legal-decisions
#14
Natalie Salmanowitz
Implicit racial biases are one of the most vexing problems facing current society. These split-second judgments are not only widely prevalent, but also are notoriously difficult to overcome. Perhaps most concerning, implicit racial biases can have consequential impacts on decisions in the courtroom, where scholars have been unable to provide a viable mitigation strategy. This article examines the influence of a short virtual reality paradigm on implicit racial biases and evaluations of legal scenarios. After embodying a black avatar in the virtual world, participants produced significantly lower implicit racial bias scores than those who experienced a sham version of the virtual reality paradigm...
May 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707219/the-app-will-see-you-now-mobile-health-diagnosis-and-the-practice-of-medicine-in-quebec-and-ontario
#15
Michael Lang, Ma'n H Zawati
Mobile health applications are increasingly being used as tools of medicine. Outside of the clinic, some of these applications may contribute to diagnoses made absent a physician's care. We argue that this contravenes reservations of diagnosis to healthcare professionals in the law of two Canadian provinces: Quebec and Ontario. On the one hand, the law conceives of diagnosis in relatively broad terms. Drawing an association between symptoms and illness, for example, has been recognized in case law as sufficient...
May 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707218/the-generic-drug-user-fee-amendments-an-economic-perspective
#16
Ernst R Berndt, Rena M Conti, Stephen J Murphy
Since the vast majority of prescription drugs consumed by Americans are off patent ('generic'), their regulation and supply is of wide interest. We describe events leading up to the US Congress's 2012 passage of the Generic Drug User Fee Amendments (GDUFA I) as part of the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA). Under GDUFA I, generic manufacturers agreed to pay approximately $300 million in fees each year of the five-year program. In exchange, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) committed to performance goals...
May 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707217/assessing-potential-legal-responses-to-medical-ghostwriting-effectiveness-and-constitutionality
#17
Chung-Lin Chen
Pharmaceutical companies are extensively involved in shaping medical knowledge to market their products to physicians and consumers. Specialized planning is undertaken to produce scientific articles driven by commercial interests. Rather than the listed authors, hidden analysts and publication management firms hired by pharmaceutical companies are often responsible for the content of scientific articles. Such ghostwriting practices raise serious concerns regarding the integrity of knowledge and thus demand urgent attention...
May 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707216/cutting-edges-and-weaving-threads-in-the-gene-editing-%C3%B0-evolution-reconciling-scientific-progress-with-legal-ethical-and-social-concerns
#18
Ana Nordberg, Timo Minssen, Sune Holm, Maja Horst, Kell Mortensen, Birger Lindberg Møller
Gene-editing technology, such as CRISPR/Cas9, holds great promise for the advancement of science and many useful applications technology. This foundational technology enables modification of the genetic structure of any living organisms with unprecedented precision. Yet, in order to enhance its potential for societal benefit, it is necessary to adapt rules and produce adequate regulations. This requires an interdisciplinary effort in legal thinking. Any legislative initiative needs to consider both the benefits and the problematic aspects of gene editing, from a broader societal and value-based perspective...
May 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707215/a-critique-of-national-solidarity-in-transnational-organ-sharing-in-europe
#19
Konstantin Tretyakov
In this article, I critically examine the principle of national solidarity in organ sharing across national borders. More specifically, I analyse the policy foundations of solidarity in the transnational allocation of organs and its implementation in the system of national balance points adopted in Europe. I argue that the system of national balance points is based on statist collectivism and therefore is oriented more toward collective, rather than individual welfare. The same collective welfare rationale is also evident from leading policy statements about self-sufficiency in organ donation that seem to assume that cross-border organ sharing can be wrong if collective welfare is violated...
May 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869637/some-questions-about-brain-based-mind-reading-in-forensic-psychiatry
#20
COMMENT
Walter Glannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
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