journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Environmental Health Reports

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080073/the-interplay-of-climate-change-and-air-pollution-on-health
#1
REVIEW
H Orru, K L Ebi, B Forsberg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Air pollution significantly affects health, causing up to 7 million premature deaths annually with an even larger number of hospitalizations and days of sick leave. Climate change could alter the dispersion of primary pollutants, particularly particulate matter, and intensify the formation of secondary pollutants, such as near-surface ozone. The purpose of the review is to evaluate the recent evidence on the impacts of climate change on air pollution and air pollution-related health impacts and identify knowledge gaps for future research...
October 28, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064065/methods-for-assessing-long-term-exposures-to-outdoor-air-pollutants
#2
REVIEW
Gerard Hoek
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Epidemiological studies of health effects of long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution rely on different exposure assessment methods. This review discusses widely used methods with a special focus on new developments. RECENT FINDINGS: New data and study designs have been applied, including satellite measurements of fine particles and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). The methods to apply satellite data for epidemiological studies are improving rapidly and have already contributed significantly to national-, continental- and global-scale models...
October 24, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988407/accountability-studies-on-air-pollution-and-health-the-hei-experience
#3
REVIEW
Hanna Boogaard, Annemoon M van Erp, Katherine D Walker, Rashid Shaikh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Assessing health effects of air quality interventions is of ever-increasing interest. Given the prominent role Health Effects Institute (HEI) has played in accountability research, this review focuses on HEI's recent experiences, the challenges it has encountered, and provides possible directions for future research. RECENT FINDINGS: Most accountability studies to date have focused on effects of relatively short-term, local-scale, and sometimes temporary interventions...
October 7, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063415/sex-specific-neurotoxic-effects-of-organophosphate-pesticides-across-the-life-course
#4
REVIEW
Nicole Comfort, Diane B Re
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses the sex-specific effects of exposure to various organophosphate (OP) pesticides throughout the life course and potential reasons for the differential vulnerabilities observed across sexes. RECENT FINDINGS: Sex is a crucial factor in the response to toxicants, yet the sex-specific effects of OP exposure, particularly in juveniles and adults, remain unresolved. This is largely due to study design and inconsistencies in exposure and outcome assessments...
December 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052114/urban-form-air-pollution-and-health
#5
REVIEW
Steve Hankey, Julian D Marshall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Urban form can impact air pollution and public health. We reviewed health-related articles that assessed (1) the relationships among urban form, air pollution, and health as well as (2) aspects of the urban environment (i.e., green space, noise, physical activity) that may modify those relationships. RECENT FINDINGS: Simulation and empirical studies demonstrate an association between compact growth, improved regional air quality, and health. Most studies are cross-sectional and focus on connections between transportation emissions and land use...
December 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027649/sex-specific-effects-of-combined-exposure-to-chemical-and-non-chemical-stressors-on-neuroendocrine-development-a-review-of-recent-findings-and-putative-mechanisms
#6
REVIEW
Whitney J Cowell, Rosalind J Wright
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Environmental toxicants and psychosocial stressors share many biological substrates and influence overlapping physiological pathways. Increasing evidence indicates stress-induced changes to the maternal milieu may prime rapidly developing physiological systems for disruption by concurrent or subsequent exposure to environmental chemicals. In this review, we highlight putative mechanisms underlying sex-specific susceptibility of the developing neuroendocrine system to the joint effects of stress or stress correlates and environmental toxicants (bisphenol A, alcohol, phthalates, lead, chlorpyrifos, and traffic-related air pollution)...
December 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988324/potential-sex-differences-relative-to-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-metals
#7
REVIEW
Aisha S Dickerson, Ran S Rotem, MacKinsey A Christian, Vy T Nguyen, Aaron J Specht
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study aims to summarize the current body of literature on the relationship between various toxic metals exposures (i.e., aluminum, antimony, arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, lead, manganese, and nickel) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with a focus on potential sex differences in these associations. RECENT FINDINGS: Sex differences in ASD diagnosis and mutagenic effects of toxic exposures indicate that sex differences may play a major part in the causal relationship of any potential associations seen; however, we were only able to find three studies that reported on sex differences in observed associations with toxic metals exposure and ASD...
December 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988291/statistical-approaches-to-address-multi-pollutant-mixtures-and-multiple-exposures-the-state-of-the-science
#8
REVIEW
Massimo Stafoggia, Susanne Breitner, Regina Hampel, Xavier BasagaƱa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to describe the most recent statistical approaches to estimate the effect of multi-pollutant mixtures or multiple correlated exposures on human health. RECENT FINDINGS: The health effects of environmental chemicals or air pollutants have been widely described. Often, there exists a complex mixture of different substances, potentially highly correlated with each other and with other (environmental) stressors. Single-exposure approaches do not allow disentangling effects of individual factors and fail to detect potential interactions between exposures...
December 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986864/sex-specific-epigenetics-implications-for-environmental-studies-of-brain-and-behavior
#9
REVIEW
Marija Kundakovic
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses the current state of knowledge on sex differences in the epigenetic regulation in the brain and highlights its relevance for the environmental studies of brain and behavior. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent evidence shows that epigenetic mechanisms are involved in the control of brain sexual differentiation and in memory-enhancing effects of estradiol in females. In addition, several studies have implicated epigenetic dysregulation as an underlying mechanism for sex-specific neurobehavioral effects of environmental exposures...
December 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983874/towards-personal-exposures-how-technology-is-changing-air-pollution-and-health-research
#10
REVIEW
A Larkin, P Hystad
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We present a review of emerging technologies and how these can transform personal air pollution exposure assessment and subsequent health research. RECENT FINDINGS: Estimating personal air pollution exposures is currently split broadly into methods for modeling exposures for large populations versus measuring exposures for small populations. Air pollution sensors, smartphones, and air pollution models capitalizing on big/new data sources offer tremendous opportunity for unifying these approaches and improving long-term personal exposure prediction at scales needed for population-based research...
December 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983855/incorporating-measurement-error-from-modeled-air-pollution-exposures-into-epidemiological-analyses
#11
REVIEW
Evangelia Samoli, Barbara K Butland
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Outdoor air pollution exposures used in epidemiological studies are commonly predicted from spatiotemporal models incorporating limited measurements, temporal factors, geographic information system variables, and/or satellite data. Measurement error in these exposure estimates leads to imprecise estimation of health effects and their standard errors. We reviewed methods for measurement error correction that have been applied in epidemiological studies that use model-derived air pollution data...
December 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980219/persistent-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-fatty-liver-disease
#12
REVIEW
Andrea L Deierlein, Sarah Rock, Sally Park
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most prominent chronic liver disease in Western countries, affecting approximately 25% of the population worldwide. Sex-specific differences in the development of NAFLD are apparent. While obesity and insulin resistance are major contributors to the increasing prevalence of NAFLD, a growing body of literature suggests that exposure to persistent endocrine-disrupting chemicals (pEDCs) may also play a role. This review summarizes recent (2011 and later) scientific literature investigating exposures to pEDCs, specifically persistent organic pollutants (POPs), and NAFLD, with a focus on sex-specific associations...
December 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980159/sexually-dimorphic-effects-of-early-life-exposures-to-endocrine-disruptors-sex-specific-epigenetic-reprogramming-as-a-potential-mechanism
#13
REVIEW
Carolyn McCabe, Olivia S Anderson, Luke Montrose, Kari Neier, Dana C Dolinoy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The genetic material of every organism exists within the context of regulatory networks that govern gene expression-collectively called the epigenome. Animal models and human birth cohort studies have revealed key developmental periods that are important for epigenetic programming and vulnerable to environmental insults. Thus, epigenetics represent a potential mechanism through which sexually dimorphic effects of early-life exposures such as endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) manifest...
December 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879432/opportunistic-environmental-sensing-with-smartphones-a-critical-review-of-current-literature-and-applications
#14
REVIEW
Ebrahim Nemati, Christina Batteate, Michael Jerrett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review sought to summarize recent literature and applications of passive, or opportunistic, mobile sensing in the fields of exposure science in built environment settings; highlight innovative opportunistic sensing systems; and analyze their functionality, significant features, and limitations. RECENT FINDINGS: Fifty-two papers related to opportunistic environmental sensing from 2009 or later were related to this review, of which 27 were included...
September 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812286/occupational-exposures-and-health-outcomes-among-immigrants-in-the-usa
#15
REVIEW
Sally C Moyce, Marc Schenker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Immigrants experience higher rates of occupational injury and fatality than their native-born counterparts. This review summarizes the current data related to occupational/environmental exposures and explores potential reasons for the disparities. RECENT FINDINGS: Immigrant workers are employed in sectors that expose them to dangerous working conditions. They experience increased risk for exposure to heat, pesticides, hazardous chemicals, and cleaning agents, as well as physical hazards such as falls...
September 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803393/challenges-and-opportunities-for-occupational-epidemiology-in-the-twenty-first-century
#16
REVIEW
L T Stayner, J J Collins, Y L Guo, D Heederik, M Kogevinas, K Steenland, C Wesseling, P A Demers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are many opportunities and challenges for conducting occupational epidemiologic studies today. In this paper, we summarize the discussion of a symposium held at the Epidemiology in Occupational Health (EPICOH) conference, Chicago 2014, on challenges for occupational epidemiology in the twenty-first century. RECENT FINDINGS: The increasing number of publications and attendance at our conferences suggests that worldwide interest in occupational epidemiology has been growing...
September 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780629/public-and-stakeholder-engagement-and-the-built-environment-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Kevin M Leyden, Amanda Slevin, Thomas Grey, Mike Hynes, Fanney Frisbaek, Richard Silke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review 50 articles from 2015 and 2016 that focus upon public and stakeholder engagement as it pertains to the built environment. Our purpose is to understand the current state of the literature and approaches being used to better enable public and stakeholder engagement. As part of this review, we consider whether recent digital and mobile technologies have enabled advances for stakeholder and public participation. RECENT FINDINGS: The literature suggests some positive and some challenging developments...
September 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770538/night-shift-work-and-risk-of-breast-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Johnni Hansen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Night work is increasingly common and a necessity in certain sectors of the modern 24-h society. The embedded exposure to light-at-night, which suppresses the nocturnal hormone melatonin with oncostatic properties and circadian disruption, i.e., misalignment between internal and external night and between cells and organs, are suggested as main mechanisms involved in carcinogenesis. In 2007, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified shift work that involves circadian disruption as probably carcinogenic to humans based on limited evidence from eight epidemiologic studies on breast cancer, in addition to sufficient evidence from animal experiments...
September 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741248/lessons-learned-from-arsenic-mitigation-among-private-well-households
#19
REVIEW
Yan Zheng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many thousands of research papers have been published on the occurrence, health effects, and mitigation of arsenic in drinking water sourced from groundwater around the world. Here, an attempt is made to summarize this large body of knowledge into a small number of lessons. RECENT FINDINGS: This is an opinion paper reflecting on why we are far from the goal of eliminating this silent and widespread poison to protect the health of many millions...
September 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733964/the-global-burden-of-occupational-disease
#20
REVIEW
Lesley Rushton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Burden of occupational disease estimation contributes to understanding of both magnitude and relative importance of different occupational hazards and provides essential information for targeting risk reduction. This review summarises recent key findings and discusses their impact on occupational regulation and practice. RECENT FINDINGS: New methods have been developed to estimate burden of occupational disease that take account of the latency of many chronic diseases and allow for exposure trends and workforce turnover...
September 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
journal
journal
48851
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"