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Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023310/serum-omentin-1-levels-in-type-2-diabetic-obese-women-in-relation-to-glycemic-control-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-parameters
#1
Nehal Hamdy Elsaid, Noha Adly Sadik, Nagwa Ramadan Ahmed, Sherry Elisha Fayez, Nagwa Abd El-Ghaffar Mohammed
Background: Omentin-1 a new anti-inflammatory adipokine has been identified as a major visceral (omental) secretory adipokine which plays important roles in glucose homeostasis, lipid metabolism, insulin resistance and diabetes. The aim of our study was to evaluate serum omentin-1 levels in type 2 diabetic obese females and assess its relation with glycemic control, insulin resistance and metabolic parameters. Methods: The study included 60 obese type 2 diabetic females and 30 healthy female subjects formed the control group...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023309/incidence-of-hypocalcemia-and-hypercalcemia-in-hospitalized-patients-is-it-changing
#2
A Catalano, D Chilà, F Bellone, G Nicocia, G Martino, I Loddo, N Morabito, S Benvenga, S Loddo
Disorders of calcium metabolism are frequently encountered in routine clinical practice. However limited data are available on the epidemiology of hypocalcemia and hypercalcemia in hospitalized patients. Our aim was to evaluate the frequency of hypocalcemia and hypercalcemia in hospitalized patients. This is a retrospective study based on the laboratory results of all hospitalized subjects (n = 12,334) whose calcemia was determined between January 1st, 2011 and December 31st, 2014. Measurements of serum calcium were carried out by a single centralized laboratory...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013937/bimodal-glucose-distribution-in-asian-indian-pregnant-women-relevance-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-diagnosis
#3
John Punnose, Rajeev Kumar Malhotra, Komal Sukhija, Anu Mathew, Asha Sharma, Naimaa Choudhary
Aims: Presence of bimodality in plasma glucose distribution (BPG) and its relevance for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) diagnosis were studied in Asian Indian pregnant women. Methods: Fasting (FPG) and two hour plasma glucose (2-h PG) values of oral glucose tolerance tests performed in 36,530 pregnant women for GDM screening (2006-16 period), were analyzed for BPG. A unimodal normal and a mixture of two normal distributions were fitted to log-transformed FPG and 2-h PG data...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013936/influence-of-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-exon-2-and-exon-6-and-insulin-receptor-substrate-irs-1-gly972arg-polymorphisms-on-insulin-resistance-and-beta-cell-function-in-southern-mediterranean-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#4
Annalisa Giandalia, Maria Angela Pappalardo, Giuseppina T Russo, Elisabetta L Romeo, Angela Alibrandi, Flavia Di Bari, Roberto Vita, Domenico Cucinotta, Salvatore Benvenga
Background and objective: The Pro12Ala (exon 2) and His447His (exon 6) polymorphisms of PPAR-γ, and Gly972Arg polymorphism of IRS-1 have been implicated in insulin resistance (IR) and adiposity. Our aim was to investigate the influence of these polymorphisms on metabolic features of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods: Fifty-three PCOS women and 26 control women underwent a clinical and biochemical evaluation, including a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003044/crohn-s-disease-patient-serum-changes-protein-expression-in-a-human-mesenchymal-stem-cell-model-in-a-linear-relationship-to-patients-disease-stage-and-to-bone-mineral-density
#5
Martina Blaschke, Regine Koepp, Christof Lenz, Jochen Kruppa, Klaus Jung, Heide Siggelkow
Background: Crohn's disease (CD) is associated with a higher prevalence of osteoporosis, a complication that is recognized as a significant cause of morbidity. Its pathogenesis is controversial, but the activity of CD is one contributing factor. Methods: We stimulated SCP-1 cells (mesenchymal stem cell line) under osteogenic conditions with serum from adult patients with CD in the symptomatic phase (SP) and in remission (R) and with control sera. Concentrations of IL-6, IL-1 beta, and TNF alpha in the sera were measured...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998066/the-impact-of-an-adrenal-incidentaloma-algorithm-on-the-evaluation-of-adrenal-nodules
#6
Leslie S Eldeiry, Marina M Alfisher, Catherine F Callahan, Nancy N Hanna, Jeffrey R Garber
Objective: To determine the impact of the use of an electronic medical record tool on the evaluation of adrenal incidentalomas. Methods: Retrospective chart review was used to compare rates of hormone testing and follow up imaging for adrenal incidentalomas. Patients whose radiology reports contained an algorithm with recommendations, based on our 2013 clinical guideline for the workup of these nodules, were compared to those whose imaging reports did not contain the algorithm...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892567/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-obese-africian-american-children
#7
EDITORIAL
Vin Tangpricha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892566/patient-factors-associated-with-metformin-steady-state-levels-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-therapeutic-dosage
#8
Vitarani D A Ningrum, Zullies Ikawati, Ahmad H Sadewa, Mohammad R Ikhsan
Aims: This prospective study aimed to analyze metformin steady-state concentration in repeated constant dosage and the influencing patient-factors as well as to correlate them with glycemic control. Methods: The validated HPLC-UV method was used to examine metformin steady-state concentration, while FBG and glycated albumin were used as the parameters of glycemic control during metformin administration. Results: A total of 82 type-2 diabetes patients were involved with 32...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892565/the-genetic-determinants-of-circulating-c3-epimers-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d
#9
Sirikunya Torugsa, Hataikarn Nimitphong, Daruneewan Warodomwichit, La-Or Chailurkit, Kriangsuk Srijaruskul, Suwannee Chanprasertyothin, Boonsong Ongphiphadhanakul
Background: The complexity of vitamin D metabolites especially the contribution of C3-epimers of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (C3-epimers) in human sera remains unclear. We hypothesized that genetic polymorphisms in the vitamin D-related gene pathway contribute to variation in C3-epimer levels. Therefore, we investigated candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) concerning C3-epimer levels. Methods: The candidate SNPs, including DHCR7/NADSYN1 (rs12785878), CYP2R1 (rs2060793) and GC (rs2282679), were genotyped in 1727 members of the third project of the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand 3/1 cohort investigation...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892564/ultrasound-guided-measurement-of-skin-and-subcutaneous-tissue-thickness-in-children-with-diabetes-and-recommendations-for-giving-insulin-injections
#10
Soo Ting Joyce Lim, Yuen Ching Angela Hui, Pei Kwee Lim, Chin Choo Evelyn Lim, Yen Yen Chia, Rashida Farhad Vasanwala
Aim: To measure skin thickness (ST) and skin + subcutaneous layer thickness (SCT) by ultrasound and estimate the risk of intramuscular injection (IM) with different needle lengths across injection sites according to age group. Method: Children recruited between 1 and 18 years with type 1 and 2 diabetes on insulin injections and divided into three age groups: 1-6 years, 7-12 years and 13-18 years. A portable ultrasound was used to measure ST and SCT at four injection sites on the abdomen, arm, thigh and buttock...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892563/prevalence-of-hypovitaminosis-d-and-its-association-with-hypoadiponectinemia-and-hyperfollistatinemia-in-saudi-women-with-na%C3%A3-ve-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#11
Osama Adnan Kensara
Aims: The association between vitamin D and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an active area of growing research. However, data in Saudi Arabia are scarce. This study aimed to define serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels among Saudi women with naïve PCOS, and to investigate the associations of their 25(OH)D status with their serum adiponectin and follistatin levels, along with indices of insulin resistance and hormonal deteriorations. Methods: In this case-control observational study, 63 women with PCOS and 65 age-and body mass index (BMI)-matched control women were assessed...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892562/impact-of-vitamin-d-treatment-on-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-levels-and-insulin-homeostasis-in-obese-african-american-adolescents-in-a-randomized-trial
#12
Usha Sethuraman, Marwan A Zidan, Lynae Hanks, Minoo Bagheri, Ambika Ashraf
Background: Obesity is affecting children in epidemic proportions in the United States with nearly 25% of children being obese. Consequences of obesity including dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease are leading to morbidity at younger ages. Parallel to the obesity and diabetes epidemics, the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency has reached very high levels and has been associated with insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. Studies exploring the impact of vitamin D repletion on insulin sensitivity and dyslipidemia in children are sparse...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892561/reduction-of-glycemic-variability-with-degludec-insulin-in-patients-with-unstable-diabetes
#13
Diana Cristina Henao-Carrillo, Oscar M Muñoz, Ana M Gómez, Martín Rondón, Christian Colón, L Chica, Claudia Rubio, Fabián León-Vargas, Maria Alejandra Calvachi, Ana María Perea
Introduction: Degludec (IDeg) is an ultralong-acting insulin, with stable pharmacodynamic profile which leads to lower fluctuations in glucose levels. The effect of IDeg has not been specifically assessed in patients with unstable diabetes, defined as increased glycemic variability (GV). Methods: A prospective before-after pilot study was conducted, including patients managed at Hospital Universitario San Ignacio in Bogotá, Colombia. The impact of the switch from a Glargine or Detemir insulin to a basal insulin regimen with IDeg for 12 weeks on GV measured by continuous glucose monitoring, on A1c levels, and on the incidence of episodes of global and nocturnal hypoglycemia was assessed in a group of patients with (coefficient of variation >34%) or without increased basal GV using a Generalised Estimating Equation (GEE) analysis...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892560/vitamin-d3-supplementation-in-obese-african-american-vitamin-d-deficient-adolescents
#14
Sheela N Magge, Divya Prasad, Babette S Zemel, Andrea Kelly
Objectives: Obese, African-American (AA) adolescents are at increased risk for vitamin D deficiency. The primary objective of this pilot study was to examine the effect of vitamin D supplementation upon 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25OHD) levels in obese, AA adolescents. Methods: A randomized, double-blinded, controlled pilot study included 26 obese (BMI ≥ 95%ile), vitamin D deficient (25OHD < 20 ng/mL), pubertal AA adolescents (ages 12-17). Subjects received cholecalciferol 1000 IU or 5000 IU daily for 3 months...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725582/circulating-thyrotropin-is-upregulated-by-estradiol
#15
Salvatore Benvenga, Flavia Di Bari, Roberta Granese, Irene Borrielli, Grazia Giorgianni, Loredana Grasso, Maria Le Donne, Roberto Vita, Alessandro Antonelli
After encountering two women with serum thyrotropin (TSH) levels greater in periovulatory phase than in other days of the menstrual cycle, we hypothesized that TSH levels could be sensitive to changes in circulating estrogens in women. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether serum TSH increases after an induced acute increase of serum estradiol, and compare serum TSH increase with that of prolactin (PRL) which is a classic estradiol-upregulated pituitary hormone. In this retrospective study, we resorted to stored frozen sera from 55 women who had undergone the GnRH agonist (buserelin)-acute stimulation test of ovarian steroidogenesis...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725581/a-high-ankle-brachial-index-is-associated-with-obesity-and-low-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-in-patients-with-diabetes
#16
Barbara Depczynski, Tamara Young, Christopher White
Peripheral artery disease (PAD), when present with diabetes, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The spectrum of PAD in diabetes includes atherosclerosis with stenotic disease; and diffuse medial calcification with non-compliant arteries, as reflected by high ankle brachial index. The clinical characteristics of a high ABI are less well characterized than that of low ABI. The aim of this study was to determine the unique clinical phenotype of patients with diabetes who have high ankle brachial index (ABI) reading...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725580/salient-features-and-outcomes-of-charcot-foot-an-often-overlooked-diabetic-complication-a-17-year-experience-at-a-diabetic-center-in-bangkok
#17
Yotsapon Thewjitcharoen, Jeeraphan Sripatpong, Wyn Parksook, Sirinate Krittiyawong, Sriurai Porramatikul, Taweesak Srikummoon, Somkiet Mahaudomporn, Soontaree Nakasatien, Thep Himathongkam
Background: Charcot foot is a rare but a serious diabetic condition. Recognition of this often overlooked condition to provide timely and proper management is important for a better prognosis. Limited data on Charcot foot was available in Asians. Aims: The aim of this study is to describe salient features and outcomes of Charcot foot in Thai patients. Method: We presented our experience of 40 cases of Charcot foot patients who were treated from 2000 to 2016 at Theptarin Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686969/impact-of-heart-failure-and-dialysis-in-the-prognosis-of-diabetic-patients-with-ischemic-foot-ulcers
#18
Marco Meloni, Valentina Izzo, Laura Giurato, Valerio Cervelli, Roberto Gandini, Luigi Uccioli
Aim: To establish the role of heart failure (HF) and dialysis (D) in the prognosis of diabetic patients with critical limb ischemia and foot ulcers (FUs). Methods: Consecutive diabetic patients with ischemic FUs who referred to our Diabetic Foot Centre were prospectively included. All patients underwent a preset limb salvage protocol including peripheral revascularization. According to the presence of HF and D, they were divided in four groups: group 1 without HF and without D defined as ischemic foot (IF); group 2 with HF and without D defined as heart ischemic foot (H-IF); group 3 without HF and with D defined as renal ischemic foot (R-IF); group 4 with HF and with dialysis defined as heart-renal foot (HR-IF)...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686968/circulating-pander-concentration-is-associated-with-increased-hba1c-and-fasting-blood-glucose-in-type-2-diabetic-subjects
#19
Catherine B MarElia, Melanie N Kuehl, Tiffany A Shemwell, Amy C Alman, Brant R Burkhardt
Aim: PANcreatic-DERived factor (PANDER, FAM3B) is a novel hormone that regulates glucose levels via interaction with both the endocrine pancreas and liver. Prior studies examining PANDER were primarily conducted in murine models or in vitro but little is known regarding the circulating concentration of PANDER in humans, especially with regard to the association of type 2 diabetes (T2D) or overall glycemic regulation. To address this limitation, we performed a cross-sectional analysis of circulating serum PANDER concentration in association with other hormones that serve as either markers of insulin resistance (insulin and adiponectin) or to metabolic parameters of glycemic control such as fasting HbA1c and blood glucose (FBG)...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527506/marked-improvement-of-thyroid-function-and-autoimmunity-by-aloe-barbadensis-miller-juice-in-patients-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism
#20
Daniela Metro, Valeria Cernaro, Mattia Papa, Salvatore Benvenga
Some natural compounds decrease serum levels of thyroid autoantibodies, but results are inconsistent and thyroid function has been evaluated infrequently; moreover, the effects of Aloe on thyroid autoimmunity and function have been examined in very few studies. This study stems from the observation of one co-author, who has Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT)-related subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH). Upon checking her biochemical thyroid panel when taking daily Aloe barbardensis Miller juice (ABMJ) for thyroid-unrelated reasons, she noticed a decrease in serum thyroperoxidase autoantibodies (TPOAb) and thyrotropin (TSH) and an increase in serum free thyroxine (FT4)...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
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