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Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities

Kelley Newlin Lew, Julie Wagner, Omar Braizat
The following corrections to this article as originally published should be noted:In the first sentence of the abstract, "non-Hispanic Whites, non-Hispanic Blacks, and Hispanics adults with diabetes" should read "non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, and Hispanic adults with diabetes".
May 18, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Phillip Mauller, Lauren A Doamekpor, Crystal Reed, Kweisi Mfume
On average, Washington D.C. residents experience low levels of cardiovascular disease (CVD) behavioral risk factors compared to the rest of the country. Despite presenting as a city of low risk, CVD mortality is higher than the national average. Driving this inconsistency are vast racial disparities as Black D.C. residents die from CVD at a much higher rate than their White counterparts. A closer examination of the data also reveals significant disparities between White and Black populations with regard to behavioral risk factors...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Lloy Wylie, Stephanie McConkey
Discrimination in the health care system has a direct negative impact on health and wellbeing. Experiences of discrimination are considered a root cause for the health inequalities that exist among Indigenous peoples. Experiences of discrimination are commonplace, with patients noting abusive treatment, stereotyping, and a lack of quality in the care provided, which discourage Indigenous people from accessing care. This research project examined the perspectives of health care providers and decision-makers to identify what challenges they see facing Indigenous patients and families when accessing health services in a large city in southern Ontario...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Srinadh Annangi, Snigdha Nutalapati, Marilyn G Foreman, Rathi Pillai, Eric L Flenaugh
RATIONALE: The current age threshold for lung cancer screening targets individuals beginning at age 55. These guidelines were developed based on results from the National Lung Cancer Screening Trial where only 4.4% of the enrollees were African American, when they represent 12.3% of US population. African Americans were also found to have higher incidence and younger onset of lung cancer. We hypothesized that implementation of screening at age 55 would not detect a substantial fraction of early onset lung cancer cases in African American population...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Billie Castle, Monica Wendel, Jelani Kerr, Derrick Brooms, Aaron Rollins
OBJECTIVES: Recently, public health has acknowledged racism as a social determinant of health. Much evidence exists on the impact of individual-level racism and discrimination, with little to no examination of racism from the standpoint of systems and structures. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to analyze the extent to which public health currently addresses systemic racism in the published literature. METHODS: Utilizing the PRISMA guidelines, this review examines three widely used databases to examine published literature covering the topic as well as implications for future research and practice...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Terrell J A Winder, Charles H Lea
While research investigates the role and influence of geo-social networking (GSN) applications on HIV, less is known about the impact of GSN functions on disease transmission. In our formative research on young Black men who have sex with men's (YBMSM) technology use patterns and preferences for a smartphone-based HIV prevention intervention, we found that study participants used GSN "block" and "filter" functions as protective mechanisms against racism and racial sexual discrimination. Yet, we suggest that these functions may unintentionally create restrictive sexual networks that likely increase their risk for disease transmission...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Lynne C Jones, Yashika Watkins, Duanny Alva
BACKGROUND: In this study, we examined the implementation and efficacy of Operation Change, a community-based, culturally sensitive program to stimulate behavioral changes in activity level and improve musculoskeletal health in African-American (AA) and Hispanic/Latina (H/L) women with obesity and early-stage osteoarthritis. METHODS: Sixty-two women (32 AA and 30 H/L), 40-75 years old, with nontraumatic knee pain and body mass index values > 30, participated in a 12-week program of presentations, motivational interviewing, goal setting, and physical activities...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Amal Rammah, Kristina Walker Whitworth, Inkyu Han, Wenyaw Chan, Maria D Jimenez, Sara S Strom, Melissa L Bondy, Elaine Symanski
PURPOSE: Independent and combined effects of air pollution and psychosocial stressors on hypertension, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, among Hispanics are not well studied. METHODS: We administered a pilot-tested questionnaire on individual- and neighborhood-level psychosocial stressors, developed with community input, to nearly 2500 individuals from the MD Anderson Cancer Center cohort of Mexican-Americans. We used data from local air quality monitors to estimate individual exposures to ozone (O3 ) and fine particulate matter (PM2...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Andrew H Rogers, Jafar Bakhshaie, Andres G Viana, Chad Lemaire, Monica Garza, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Joseph W Ditre, Nubia A Mayorga, Michael J Zvolensky
Latinos, one of the fastest growing populations in the United States, suffer from high rates of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS) and its clinical correlates (e.g., disability). Although research suggests the experience of pain is closely related to PTS among trauma-exposed groups, there has been little exploration of the processes that may link pain intensity to greater PTS among trauma-exposed Latinos. The current study explored insomnia, a common problem associated with both pain intensity and PTS, as a mechanism in the association between pain intensity and PTS among trauma-exposed Latinos (N = 208, Mage  = 39...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Stephanie M McClure, Travis M Loux
Lower rates of recreational physical activity (PA) among African American (AA) adolescent girls relative to other US age/race/gender groups are assumed to reflect within-race similarity in PA attitudes and practices. However, variability in PA attitudes and practices among AA adolescent girls is not well studied. To address this, a class-diverse sample of 51 AA adolescent girls' responses to survey items querying weight concern (WC) and PA was examined for sub-groupings using cluster analysis. Three clusters were identified [L/H-low WC, high PA; H/L-high WC, low PA; and L/L-low WC and PA]...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Karen Kim, Michal Quinn, Helen Lam
Chinese Americans are one of the fastest-growing and largest Asian-American subgroups. Approximately 70% of Chinese Americans are immigrants with 46% being of limited English proficiency. Despite colorectal cancer (CRC) being the second leading cause of cancer death in Chinese Americans, Chinese Americans have lower CRC screening rates than other Asian subgroups, and only 40% of CRC cases among Chinese Americans are diagnosed early. Furthermore, CRC is the second most common cancer among Chinese American women...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Xian Sun, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Xiaomin Xie, Ping Liu, Yuhong Zhang, Zhizhong Wang
BACKGROUND: The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its complications has been increasing worldwide with an increasing provision of long-term medications and health services. This study aimed to assess the healthcare costs for T2DM patients for vulnerable ethnic minority. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 13, 2016, to June 19, 2017, in two public hospitals in Ningxia, China. Eligible Hui and Han inpatients were recruited and interviewed...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Alejandra Casillas, Gerardo Moreno, Jonathan Grotts, Chi-Hong Tseng, Leo S Morales
BACKGROUND: Use of an Internet portal to refill medicines positively affects medication adherence among English-speakers. No prior studies, however, have specifically examined the relationship between Internet refills and medication adherence among patients who are limited English proficient (LEP). OBJECTIVES: (1) Examine the relationship between Internet medication refill system use and medication adherence among linguistically diverse patients with chronic conditions and (2) compare this relationship between LEP and English-proficient (EP) patients...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Cynthia Tan, Laura C Wyatt, Julie A Kranick, Simona C Kwon, Oyinlola Oyebode
BACKGROUND: Immigrants comprise approximately 13% of the US population and 33% lack health coverage. Asian Americans are the fastest growing immigrant group; many lack a usual source of care. This study examines factors associated with health insurance among Asian American immigrants living in New York City. METHODS: Community needs assessments were conducted among Asian American subgroups in New York City from 2013 to 2015; analysis was completed in 2017 and 2018...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Sohye Lee, Erica Schorr, Niloufar Niakosari Hadidi, Robin Kelley, Diane Treat-Jacobson, Ruth Lindquist
An error in Fig. 1 in this article as originally published ("Theme 6: feelings of belonging and being care for" was missing the numeral "6") has been corrected. The original article has been corrected.
March 26, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Richard F Gillum
For over four decades the National Medical Association (NMA) and the Association of Black Cardiologists (ABC) have sought to bring to national attention the disparate burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among African Americans. However, systematic inquiry has been inadequate into the burden of CVD in the poor countries of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and the African diaspora in the Americas outside the USA. However, recently, the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) has offered new tools for such inquiry. Several initial efforts in that direction using 2010 data have been published...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Lindsay Zibrik, Alan Huang, Vivian Wong, Helen Novak Lauscher, Queenie Choo, Eric M Yoshida, Kendall Ho
INTRODUCTION: Chronic hepatitis B (HBV) is prevalent among Asian immigrants in Canada with high morbidity and mortality rates. While some studies have identified barriers to health care and information access, few have studied the impact of culturally relevant information and addressed challenges with recommendations for effective public education and outreach programs. METHODS: Culturally tailored HBV education workshops were delivered over a 12-month period to Chinese, Filipino, Korean and Punjabi immigrants in Lower Mainland, British Columbia (BC)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Daisy Sanchez, Derek Dubay, Baliga Prabhakar, David J Taber
INTRODUCTION: To improve kidney transplant allocation equitability, a new Kidney Allocation System (KAS) was implemented December 4, 2014. The purpose of this study was to determine if the impact of KAS on peri-operative outcomes differed by recipient race/ethnicity. METHODS: This was a time series analysis using data aggregated in monthly intervals from October 2012 through September 2015 using the University HealthSystem Consortium (UHC). This includes national data aggregated at the center level of all US kidney transplant centers that participate in the UHC (416 centers)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Ephraim Shapiro
INTRODUCTION: In general, church attendance can be associated with improved health behaviors and fewer related chronic diseases, suggesting a potential opportunity to counteract worsening health behaviors among some immigrants and thereby reduce health disparities. There is a paucity of research, however, on the relationship between religious involvement and immigrants' health behaviors and whether it varies by host or home country context. AIM: To examine the relationship between religious involvement, measured by church attendance, with health behaviors among Latino immigrants in the United States (U...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Kelley Newlin Lew, Julie Wagner, Omar Braizat
OBJECTIVE: The study's objective is to examine differences in mental and physical health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in non-Hispanic Whites, non-Hispanic Blacks, and Hispanics adults with diabetes. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data was conducted. A total of 26 states participated in the 2014 BRFSS core and optional diabetes models (n = 17,923). HRQOL was measured by the number of mentally and physically unhealthy days during the past month, respectively...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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