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Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities

S Thomas, L Yingling, J Adu-Brimpong, V Mitchell, C R Ayers, G R Wallen, M Peters-Lawrence, A T Brooks, D M Sampson, K L Wiley, J Saygbe, J Henry, A Johnson, A Graham, L Graham, T M Powell-Wiley
BACKGROUND: Little is understood about using mobile health (mHealth) technology to improve cardiovascular (CV) health among African-American women in resource-limited communities. METHODS: We conducted the Washington, D.C. CV Health and Needs Assessment in predominantly African-American churches in city wards 5, 7, and 8 with the lowest socioeconomic status based on community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles. The assessment measured CV health factors: body mass index (BMI), fasting blood glucose and cholesterol, blood pressure, fruit/vegetable (F/V) intake, physical activity (PA), and smoking...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Motolani E Ogunsanya, Carolyn M Brown, Folakemi T Odedina, Jamie C Barner, Taiwo Adedipe
INTRODUCTION: Black men are more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer, with higher stage and higher grade at presentation. Evidence suggests that for education in health promotion behaviors (such as screenings) in early adult years, young Black men can be better equipped to make informed decisions in later years. OBJECTIVE: Using the theory of reasoned action (TRA), we assessed the intention of young Black men to screen for prostate cancer when it is recommended and determined its correlates...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Susan Brandzel, Eva Chang, Leah Tuzzio, Camille Campbell, Nora Coronado, Erin J Aiello Bowles, Susan Carol Bradford, Diana S M Buist
INTRODUCTION: Racial and ethnic disparities continue to exist in cancer screening rates, especially among US Latina and Black/African American populations. We conducted six focus groups among 41 women from these communities in order to better understand their preferences about cancer screening reminders and the motivators and deterrents they face in obtaining recommended breast, cervical, and colon cancer screening. METHODS: Using self-reported patient race/ethnicity from electronic medical records of a large, integrated health care system in Seattle, we recruited women ages 30-60 to participate in one of five 2-hour focus groups...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Phoebe Tran, Murray A Mittleman
There are few studies that consider the association between awareness of symptoms of acute myocardial infarction (MI), socioeconomic factors (household income, sex, race/ethnicity, and educational attainment), and cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors. It is important to understand these associations because there is evidence that suggests that disparities in the awareness of MI symptoms lead to disparities in delays in receiving treatment and outcomes of patients with MI. The study was to determine if there are disparities in the awareness of different MI symptoms among different groups with respect to self-reported race, ethnicity, education, age, and income (i...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Pearl Anna McElfish, Brett Rowland, Christopher R Long, Jonell Hudson, Michelle Piel, Bill Buron, Sheldon Riklon, Williamina Ioanna Bing, T Scott Warmack
BACKGROUND: The Pacific Islander population in the USA is growing rapidly. However, research on Pacific Islanders in the USA is limited, or sometimes misleading due to aggregation with Asian Americans. This project seeks to add to the dearth of health literature by conducting a health assessment of Marshallese in northwest Arkansas. METHODS: Using a community-based participatory research approach, nine health screening events were conducted at local Marshallese churches...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Zachary R Simoni, Michelle Martin, Jennifer A Wenzel, Elise D Cook, Badrinath Konety, Selwyn M Vickers, Moon S Chen, Mona N Foaud, Raegan W Durant
BACKGROUND: Minority enrollment in cancer clinical trials is traditionally low. In light of this fact, numerous studies have investigated barriers to recruitment and retention within minority populations. However, very little research has investigated the importance of clinicians' and researchers' motivations for minority recruitment in cancer clinical trials. Therefore, we sought to examine motivations for minority recruitment across four professional stakeholder groups (principal investigators, clinicians, research staff, and Cancer Center leaders) at five National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated Comprehensive Cancer Centers...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Shervin Assari
AIM: The current study had two aims: (1) to investigate whether single-item measures of subjective evaluation of neighborhood (i.e., perceived neighborhood safety and quality) predict long-term risk of mortality and (2) to test whether these associations depend on race and gender. METHODS: The data came from the Americans' Changing Lives Study (ACL), 1986-2011, a nationally representative longitudinal cohort of 3361 Black and White adults in the USA. The main predictors of interest were perceived neighborhood safety and perceived neighborhood quality, as measured in 1986 using single items and treated as dichotomous variables...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Sunmin Lee, David H Chae, Mary Y Jung, Lu Chen, Hee-Soon Juon
This study examines the associations between acculturation and three health examination behaviors (physical, dental, and eye exams) among 846 Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese Americans. The study was part of a randomized, community-based trial on liver cancer prevention that targeted Asian Americans in Washington DC metropolitan area. Acculturation was assessed using Suinn-Lew Asian Self-Identity Acculturation (SL-ASIA) scale, acculturation clusters, and length of stay. Health examination behaviors in the last 2 years were self-reported...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Heather Orom, Chaman Sharma, Gregory G Homish, Willie Underwood, D Lynn Homish
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether lifetime racial discrimination and stigma consciousness (expecting to be stigmatized) are associated with blood pressure in minority and White middle-aged and older adult men. DESIGN: Participants were 1533 men (mean age = 63.2 [SD = 7.9, range = 37.4-89.2]; 12.4 % Black, 7.8 % Hispanic, 2.0 % other) diagnosed with clinically localized prostate cancer. We separately modeled associations between discrimination/stigma consciousness and blood pressure outcomes for minorities and Whites controlling for education, income, employment status, age, marital status, BMI, and recruitment site...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Myles D Moody
Prior research indicates that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is underdiagnosed, or less likely to be diagnosed, among Black children relative to White children and children in other non-Black racial categories. Scholars have suggested that this may be a result of cultural biases or misconceptions that affect the ways classroom behavior is interpreted. The purpose of this pilot study was to engage a larger theoretical framework that explores the relationships between parents and teachers and to examine some of the ways in which common cultural misconceptions can lead to flawed behavioral ascriptions in the classroom, producing negative social outcomes for Black children...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Katrina L Pariera, Sheila T Murphy, Jingbo Meng, Margaret L McLaughlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Bruce Shiramizu, Vicki Shambaugh, Helen Petrovich, Todd B Seto, Tammy Ho, Noreen Mokuau, Jerris R Hedges
Building research infrastructure capacity to address clinical and translational gaps has been a focus of funding agencies and foundations. Clinical and Translational Sciences Awards, Research Centers in Minority Institutions Infrastructure for Clinical and Translational Research (RCTR), and the Institutional Development Award Infrastructure for Clinical and Translational Research funded by the US government to fund clinical translational research programs have existed for over a decade to address racial and ethnic health disparities across the USA...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
S Fitzgerald, J Chao, Y Fefermen, P Perumalswami, U Sarpel
BACKGROUND: Immigrants from China and Africa have high rates of hepatitis B virus infection (HBV) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, primary care physician (PCP) adherence to screening guidelines in at-risk communities is not well understood. METHODS: The New York City (NYC) neighborhood tabulation areas with the 25 greatest Chinese and African immigrant populations were determined based on US census data. The American Medical Association database was used to identify PCPs practicing in these neighborhoods...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Kelechi Ibe-Lamberts, Daudet Ilunga Tshiswaka, Anuolwaupo Osideko, Andiara Schwingel
OBJECTIVE: Dietary behaviors serve as determinants for chronic diseases such as hypertension across various ethnicities worldwide and within the USA. We investigated dietary perspectives specifically for US transnational African migrants, a migrant cohort subset of individuals who maintain cross-border ties with their indigenous communities of origin. METHOD: Using PEN-3 model, focus group interviews with 14 transnational African migrants (seven males and seven females) were conducted in Chicago to explore the perceptions of dietary behavior in regard to chronic disease risk factors among our target population...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Miguel Ceballos, Gail Wallace, Glenda Goodwin
BACKGROUND: The presence of postpartum depression can lead to poor maternal-child attachment, failure to thrive, and even infant death. Postpartum depression affects 13-19 % of parturients. However, among racial and ethnic minority parturients, postpartum depression rates have been shown to reach up to 35-67 % (as reported by O'Hara and McCabe, Annu Rev Clin Psychol 9:379-407, 2013; Boury et al., Women Health. 39(3):19-34, 2004; Ramos-Marcuse et al.. J Affect Disord. 122(1-2):68-75, 2010; Lucero et al...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Cheng K Fred Wen, Stephanie Hsieh, Jimi Huh, Lauren Cook Martinez, Jamie N Davis, Marc Weigensberg, Donna Spruijt-Metz
BACKGROUND: Dietary fiber and sugar intake have been shown to affect metabolic health in overweight Hispanic youth. Evidence on the influence of culture on fiber and sugar intake in Hispanic youth is limited. METHODS: The associations among score for levels of assimilation, neighborhood ethnic characteristics, and daily total and added dietary sugar and dietary fiber intake were assessed using regression analyses. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-four Hispanic youth (age = 13...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Charles Gaber, Rafael Meza, Julie J Ruterbusch, Michele L Cote
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to explore incidence and incidence-based mortality trends for endometrial cancer in the USA and project future incident cases, accounting for differences by race and histological subtype. METHODS: Data on age-adjusted and age-specific incidence and mortality rates of endometrial cancer were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results 18 registries. Trends in rates were analyzed using Joinpoint regression, and average annual percent change (AAPC) in recent years (2006-2011) was computed for histological subtypes by race...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Shervin Assari, Amirmasoud Nikahd, Mohammad Reza Malekahmadi, Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Hadi Zamanian
BACKGROUND: Despite the existing literature on the central role of socioeconomic status (SES; education and income) for maintaining health, less is known about group differences in this effect. Built on the intersectionality approach, this study compared race by gender groups for the effects of baseline education and income on sustained health problems in five domains: depressive symptoms, insomnia, physical inactivity, body mass index (BMI), and self-rated health (SRH). METHODS: Data came from waves 7, 8, and 10 of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), which were collected in 2004, 2006, and 2010, respectively...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Rachelle Jones, Timothy A Brusseau, Pamela H Kulinna, Hans van der Mars
BACKGROUND: Understanding the physical activity patterns of youth is important for the implementation and evaluation of programming and interventions designed to change behavior. To date, little is known about the objectively measured physical activity patterns of Native American youth. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to examine the step counts of Navajo youth during weekdays, weekend days, and physical education classes. METHODS: Participants included 63 high school students (mean age = 15...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Shervin Assari
PURPOSE: General self-efficacy has been historically assumed to have universal health implications. However, less is known about population differences in long-term health effects of general self-efficacy across diverse populations. This study compared black and white American adults for (1) the association between psychosocial and health factors and general self-efficacy at baseline, and (2) the association between baseline self-efficacy and long-term risk of all-cause mortality over 25 years...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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