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Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332090/disparities-in-the-clinical-evolution-of-anal-neoplasia-in-an-hiv-infected-cohort
#1
Edward R Cachay, Wollelaw Agmas, Wm Christopher Mathews
BACKGROUND: A recent meta-analysis suggested that anal intraepithelial neoplasia and invasive anal cancer are more prevalent among black men having sex with men (MSM). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort of HIV-infected adult patients under care between 2001 and 2012. Disparities in clinical evolution of anal intraepithelial neoplasia to high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) and invasive anal cancer were evaluated in a three-state Markov model adjusted for cytology misclassification...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284019/perspectives-on-hypertension-in-the-new-england-cape-verdean-community
#2
Samantha DeAndrade, Fadya El Rayess, Roberta Goldman
This study characterizes patient understanding of hypertension and its management in a Cape Verdean immigrant community. We conducted 20 semi-structured interviews with Cape Verdean Creole-speaking adults about their beliefs and behaviors regarding hypertension. Fourteen women and six men ages 35-87 were interviewed. The majority of the participants believed hypertension is symptomatic, with headache being the most common symptom. Many reported taking anti-hypertensive medication, though some took medication only when they felt symptoms...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281179/dietary-patterns-among-overweight-and-obese-african-american-women-living-in-the-rural-south
#3
Samara Sterling, Suzanne Judd, Brenda Bertrand, Tiffany L Carson, Paula Chandler-Laney, Monica L Baskin
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and chronic diseases disproportionately affect African-American women in the rural South (US) and may be influenced by adherence to a typical Southern-style diet. There is a need to examine dietary patterns of this population and to determine if consumption of nutritionally rich foods like nuts is associated with consumption of other nutritious foods. The objectives of this study were to identify (1) dietary patterns of overweight/obese African-American women in the rural South; (2) the role that nuts play in the diet; (3) and adherence to federal food group recommendations across dietary patterns...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281178/comorbid-diabetes-and-depression-in-african-americans-implications-for-the-health-care-provider
#4
Diane Orr Chlebowy, Mary-Beth Coty, Liyan Fu, Vicki Hines-Martin
Health care providers (HCPs) face many obstacles as they undertake efforts to meet the challenges of caring for African American patients with comorbid diabetes and depression. This review article discusses the incidence of comorbid diabetes and depression in African Americans, cultural factors affecting diabetes self-management, and clinical practice implications for the HCP. The role of patient-centered care, engagement, and best-practice strategies are discussed to provide the HCP with guidelines regarding the minimal standards that support improved health care outcomes for African Americans with comorbid diabetes and depression...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281177/social-support-and-its-impact-on-ethnic-identity-and-hiv-risk-among-migrant-workers
#5
Nancy Shehadeh, Muni Rubens, Jennifer Attonito, Terri Jennings
Migrant workers are disproportionately affected by HIV due to poverty, social isolation, lack of access to and availability of health care services, acculturation, language barriers, constant mobility, and lack of knowledge. This study examined the impact of changes in social support on ethnic identity and HIV risk behaviors among migrant workers in South Florida. For this study, baseline and 6-month follow-up data were collected from an HIV intervention study among migrant workers in South Florida (n = 270) who reported unprotected sex in the past 30 days...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281176/are-ethnic-disparities-in-hba1c-levels-explained-by-mental-wellbeing-analysis-of-population-based-data-from-the-health-survey-for-england
#6
Kanayo Umeh
AIMS: It is unclear how ethnic differences in HbA1c levels are affected by individual variations in mental wellbeing. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the extent to which HbA1c disparities between Caucasian and South Asian adults are mediated by various aspects of positive psychological functioning. METHODS: Data from the 2014 Health Survey for England was analysed using bootstrapping methods. A total of 3894 UK residents with HbA1c data were eligible to participate...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275998/factors-that-matter-to-low-income-and-racial-ethnic-minority-mothers-when-choosing-a-pediatric-practice-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#7
Sarah L Goff, Kathleen M Mazor, Haley Guhn-Knight, Yara Youssef Budway, Lorna Murphy, Katharine O White, Tara Lagu, Penelope S Pekow, Aruna Priya, Peter K Lindenauer
BACKGROUND: Pediatric practices' scores on healthcare quality measures are increasingly available to the public. However, patients from low-income and racial/ethnic minority populations rarely use these data. We sought to understand potential barriers to using quality data by assessing what factors mattered to women when choosing a pediatric practice. METHODS: As part of a randomized trial to overcome barriers to using quality data, we recruited women from a prenatal clinic serving an underserved population...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275997/caring-by-numbers-evaluation-of-inconsistencies-and-incompleteness-in-the-reporting-of-racial-and-ethnic-data
#8
Beth Marie Hartzler, Angela Snyder
Significant health disparities throughout the lifespan have long been evident within the American, non-White population. These differences include increased incidence of infant mortality, childhood hospitalization, diabetes, mental and behavioral health problems, cardiovascular disease, and late-stage cancer diagnoses. These types of disparities could be addressed by identifying those individuals at greatest risk for chronic disease or higher mortality rates and improving their health literacy and access to care...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275996/the-effects-of-race-and-racial-concordance-on-patient-physician-communication-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
Megan Johnson Shen, Emily B Peterson, Rosario Costas-Muñiz, Migda Hunter Hernandez, Sarah T Jewell, Konstantina Matsoukas, Carma L Bylund
OBJECTIVE: Racial disparities exist in health care, even when controlling for relevant sociodemographic variables. Recent data suggest disparities in patient-physician communication may also contribute to racial disparities in health care. This study aimed to systematically review studies examining the effect of black race and racial concordance on patient-physician communication. METHODS: A comprehensive search using the PRISMA guidelines was conducted across seven online databases between 1995 and 2016...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236289/mortality-among-black-men-in-the-usa
#10
Elizabeth B Pathak
IMPORTANCE: Black men have the lowest life expectancy of all major ethnic-sex populations in the USA, yet no recent studies have comprehensively examined black male mortality. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze recent mortality trends for black men, including black to white (B to W) disparities. DESIGN: The study design was national mortality surveillance for 2000 to 2014. SETTING: The setting was the USA...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205153/sociodemographic-disparities-in-cure-intended-treatment-in-localized-prostate-cancer
#11
Jude K A des Bordes, David S Lopez, Michael D Swartz, Robert J Volk
PURPOSE: Disparities in prostate cancer (PCa) morbidity and mortality occur across various populations. We investigated the sociodemographic correlates of treatment and disparities in the application of cure-intended (i.e., radical prostatectomy [RP], radiation therapy [RT]) treatment strategies in localized PCa among Texas residents diagnosed with PCa. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Texas Cancer Registry on men diagnosed with stage T1 or T2 PCa between 2004 and 2009...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205152/explaining-racial-disparities-in-amputation-rates-for-the-treatment-of-peripheral-artery-disease-pad-using-decomposition-methods
#12
J A Mustapha, Bryan T Fisher, John A Rizzo, Jie Chen, Brad J Martinsen, Harry Kotlarz, Michael Ryan, Candace Gunnarsson
INTRODUCTION: While studies have documented racial and ethnic disparities in amputation rates for patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD), the importance of specific factors has not been quantified. This research seeks to provide such evidence and to quantify how much of the difference reflects observable versus unexplained factors. METHODS: This study used the nationally representative HCUP inpatient database from 2006 to 2013 for patients with a primary diagnosis of PAD who were either Caucasian, African-American, or Hispanic...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181200/a-community-driven-intervention-for-improving-biospecimen-donation-in-african-american-communities
#13
Kushal Patel, Wendelyn Inman, Jemal Gishe, Owen Johnson, Elizabeth Brown, Mohamed Kanu, Rosemary Theriot, Maureen Sanderson, Pamela Hull, Margaret Hargreaves
INTRODUCTION: Human biospecimens are an invaluable resource for addressing cancers and other chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of an educational intervention on biospecimen knowledge and attitudes. METHODS: The participants consisted of 112 African Americans, 18 years and older, and who had not provided biospecimens for any health-related research in the past. A total of 55 participants received the educational brochure, and 57 received the educational video...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181199/an-examination-of-disparities-in-pediatric-pain-management-centered-on-socioeconomic-factors-and-hospital-characteristics
#14
Franklin B Chiao, Alan Wang
INTRODUCTION: Very little is known about pediatric pain management resource differences. In contrast, disparities in pain management within the adult population are known to exist. This research examined whether significant differences exist between hospitals in the state of New York and what factors impact these pain resources. METHODS: The study was approved by the institutional review board. A questionnaire was sent to the anesthesia/pediatric/pain directors of every hospital in the state of New York via SurveyMonkey...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176158/health-insurance-challenges-in-the-post-affordable-care-act-aca-era-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perspective-of-low-income-people-of-color-in-metropolitan-detroit
#15
Minal R Patel, Alison Jensen, Erminia Ramirez, Madiha Tariq, Ian Lang, Theresa Kowalski-Dobson, Joslyn Pettway, Michelle Famulare, Richard Lichtenstein
Low-income people of color are at risk of remaining uninsured due to a variety of factors. This study examined Affordable Care Act (ACA)-related and other health insurance enrollment experiences, observations, navigation needs, and experiences maintaining health insurance coverage among low-income communities of color in an economically disadvantaged community (Metropolitan Detroit). We conducted nine focus groups (n = 87) between May and June 2015. Participants were recruited through community-based organizations serving our key populations of interest...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176157/barriers-and-strategies-for-recruitment-of-racial-and-ethnic-minorities-perspectives-from-neurological-clinical-research-coordinators
#16
Sean J Haley, Lauren E Southwick, Nina S Parikh, Jazmin Rivera, Dorothy Farrar-Edwards, Bernadette Boden-Albala
INTRODUCTION: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard within evidence-based research. Low participant accrual rates, especially of underrepresented groups (e.g., racial-ethnic minorities), may jeopardize clinical studies' viability and strength of findings. Research has begun to unweave clinical trial mechanics, including the roles of clinical research coordinators, to improve trial participation rates. METHODS: Two semi-structured focus groups were conducted with a purposive sample of 29 clinical research coordinators (CRCs) at consecutive international stroke conferences in 2013 and 2014 to gain in-depth understanding of coordinator-level barriers to racial-ethnic minority recruitment and retention into neurological trials...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155058/erratum-to-ethnic-inequalities-in-copd-outcomes-a-register-based-study-in-copenhagen-denmark
#17
Yusun Hu, Lourdes Cantarero-Arévalo, Anne Frølich, Ramune Jacobsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130748/social-disparities-in-obesogenic-behaviors-in-adolescents
#18
Sasha A Fleary, Karen M Freund
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Demographic and social characteristics, such as sex, race/ethnicity, and income, have been implicated as risk and protective factors for behavior change regarding obesogenic behaviors in adolescents. The purpose of this study was to determine the social disparities in obesogenic behaviors and compare social disparities in obesogenic behaviors between adolescents who are overweight/obese and non-overweight adolescents using an alternative methodology for calculating disparities...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130747/erratum-to-determinants-of-prostate-cancer-screening-intentions-of-young-black-men-aged-18-to-40-years
#19
Motolani E Ogunsanya, Carolyn M Brown, Folakemi T Odedina, Jamie C Barner, Taiwo Adedipe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127675/erratum-to-a-qualitative-study-of-motivations-for-minority-recruitment-in-cancer-clinical-trials-across-five-nci-designated-cancer-centers
#20
Zachary R Simoni, M Y Martin, Jennifer Wenzel, Elise D Cook, Badrinath Konety, Selwyn M Vickers, Moon S Chen, Mona N Foaud, Raegan W Durant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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