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Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733773/the-influence-of-black-identity-on-wellbeing-and-health-behaviors
#1
Fiona B Lewis, Marie-Claire Boutrin, Lisa Dalrymple, Lorna H McNeill
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of Black identity on wellbeing and health behaviors. METHODS: Data from the third year (wave) of a longitudinal cohort study (N = 1316) from a large, majority Black, Protestant church of 16,000 members located in Houston, Texas, were used to conduct secondary data analyses. Univariate analyses were used to obtain participants' sociodemographic and health characteristics. ANCOVA and linear regression analyses and Bonferroni adjustments were used to examine the influence of the centrality, public and private regard aspects of Black identity as measured by the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity subscales on wellbeing (CES-D scores and self-reported general health) and health behaviors (diet and physical activity levels)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733772/state-minority-health-officers-perceptions-of-their-successes-and-barriers-to-reducing-racial-and-ethnic-health-disparities
#2
Aaron J Diehr, Timothy R Jordan, James H Price, Jiunn-Jye Sheu, Joseph A Dake
BACKGROUND: Minimal research has been conducted to examine the impact and reach of state offices of minority health (SOMH) and their role in reducing racial and ethnic health disparities within their states. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to describe the shared experiences of SOMH officers to provide context for why these individuals believe that state organizational efforts have not yielded much success in reducing racial and ethnic health disparity gaps. METHODS: Using a telephone interview guide, the investigators conducted telephone interviews with SOMH officers...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730559/fathers-know-best-inner-city-african-american-fathers-perceptions-regarding-their-involvement-in-the-pediatric-medical-home
#3
Orville Newton-Ray Bignall, Whitney J Raglin Bignall, Lisa M Vaughn, Ndidi I Unaka
OBJECTIVE: Despite nearly three in four African American (AA) children being born to unwed mothers, AA fathers maintain relatively high levels of parenting engagement, whether or not they live with their children. While father involvement correlates with decreased adverse child health outcomes, the nature of AA father involvement in child health-including engagement in the pediatric medical home-remains largely unexplored. Our study aimed to assess perceptions of pediatric medical home participation among a cohort of urban, AA fathers...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726083/exploring-factors-associated-with-declining-hiv-diagnoses-among-african-american-females
#4
Donna Hubbard McCree, William L Jeffries, Linda Beer, Zanetta Gant, Kimberlee Elmore, Madeline Sutton
HIV diagnoses among females in the USA declined 40% during 2005-2014 with the largest decline (42%) among Black/African Americans. African American females remain disproportionately affected. We explored contributions of STD rates and sexual risk behaviors among African American females, HIV diagnoses among potential male partners, and sexual risk behaviors and viral suppression rates among HIV-positive potential male partners to declining rates of HIV diagnoses among African American females. Results suggest temporal trends in the factors that increase HIV infectiousness and transmissibility within sexual networks, i...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726082/undergraduate-minor-in-health-disparities-in-society-a-magnet-for-under-represented-pre-professional-students
#5
Laura K Guyer, Marta L Wayne, Nancy S Hardt
Increasing the diversity of tomorrow's healthcare work force remains a challenge despite many thoughtful published reports and recommendations. As part of an effort to grow a more diverse pre-professional health population, we created an undergraduate minor, Health Disparities in Society, at the University of Florida. Most courses for the minor were identified from existing offerings, and we created only two new courses, an introduction course and a capstone service-learning course. The new minor quickly became the most popular in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (which has approximately 12,000 total undergraduate students), and importantly, students selecting the minor were more likely to be under-represented minorities than would be expected given undergraduate demographics...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718058/cultural-biases-in-current-medical-practices-with-a-specific-attention-to-orthopedic-surgery-a-review
#6
Gracia Etienne, Todd P Pierce, Anton Khlopas, Morad Chughtai, Carlos J Lavernia, Teva Y Vogelstein, Craig M Thomas, Charles S Modlin, Michael A Mont
Due to the increasing diversity within the United States population, there is an ever-increasing need for increased education on cultural literacy and tolerance in medical schools and residency programs. The purpose of this article was to review how a person's culture can play a substantive role in effecting and influencing (1) medical diagnosis, (2) patient and health provider medical decision-making, (3) the patient's perception of disease, and (4) the doctor-patient relationships. Many of the decisions we make as orthopedic surgeons must account for the patient's cultural needs, as much of our work impacts patients' daily activities and function...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707268/-hey-we-are-the-best-ones-at-dealing-with-our-own-embedding-a-culturally-competent-program-for-m%C3%A4-ori-and-pacific-island-children-into-a-mainstream-health-service-in-queensland-australia
#7
Lisa Vaughan, Lisa Schubert, Helen Mavoa, Nicola Fa'avale
OBJECTIVE: We present the results of one component of an external evaluation of Good Start Program (GSP), a community-based program for the prevention of chronic disease among Maori and Pacific Island (MPI) communities living in the state of Queensland, Australia. DESIGN: An evaluation of the GSP was undertaken using a mixed methods approach. This paper reports on the qualitative component where interview and focus group data was collected, using Talanoa, a culturally tailored research methodology...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707267/-as-a-community-we-need-to-be-more-health-conscious-pastors-perceptions-on-the-health-status-of-the-black-church-and-african-american-communities
#8
Tyra Toston Gross, Chandra R Story, Idethia Shevon Harvey, Marie Allsopp, Melicia Whitt-Glover
BACKGROUND: Churches are recognized for their potential capacity to provide health services and interventions to address health disparities in African-Americans (blacks). Since pastors are central community leaders, their support and involvement can influence both implementation and outcomes for church-based health programs. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore pastors' perceptions of congregant health status within the black church. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 pastors whose female congregants participated in a physical activity intervention...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702925/utilization-of-cervical-cancer-screening-among-hispanic-immigrant-women-in-coastal-south-carolina
#9
John S Luque, Yelena N Tarasenko, Hong Li, Caroline B Davila, Rachel N Knight, Rosa E Alcantar
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine prevalence and correlates of cervical cancer screening utilization and adherence among a growing population of Hispanic immigrant women in coastal South Carolina. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 196 women to assess recency of screening and hypothesized study predictors (health status, beliefs, self-efficacy, having a regular provider, barriers to screening, and trust in providers). Multiple ordinal logistic regressions identified final covariates which would predict recency of screening...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699045/effectiveness-of-nutrition-intervention-in-a-selected-group-of-overweight-and-obese-african-american-preschoolers
#10
Yulyu Yeh, Kathryn Brogan Hartlieb, Cynthia Danford, K-L Catherine Jen
High prevalence of childhood obesity persists as a public health concern in the USA. However, limited study has been conducted on the effectiveness of nutrition education focused on African-American (AA) preschoolers (PSLRs) in the preschool settings. The aim of this pilot study was to explore the effectiveness of nutrition education on AA PSLR's health. A convenience sample of 164 PSLRs (95% AA, 44% female) from six Head Start (HS) centers in a Midwestern metropolitan area was randomly assigned to 3 groups: intervention group A, standard curriculum plus nutrition education for PSLRs; intervention group B, standard curriculum plus nutrition education for PSLRs and their caregivers (CGs); and control group, standard curriculum...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667501/a-review-of-hip-hop-based-interventions-for-health-literacy-health-behaviors-and-mental-health
#11
Cendrine Robinson, Elizabeth L Seaman, LaTrice Montgomery, Adia Winfrey
OBJECTIVE: African-American children and adolescents experience an undue burden of disease for many health outcomes compared to their White peers. More research needs to be completed for this priority population to improve their health outcomes and ameliorate health disparities. Integrating hip hop music or hip hop dance into interventions may help engage African-American youth in health interventions and improve their health outcomes. We conducted a review of the literature to characterize hip hop interventions and determine their potential to improve health...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664503/predictors-of-colorectal-cancer-knowledge-and-screening-among-asian-americans-aged-50-75-years-old
#12
Hee-Soon Juon, Jenny Guo, Jin Kim, Sunmin Lee
Colorectal cancer, the second leading cause of mortality in the USA, can be prevented with colorectal cancer screening. However, many people who should receive the screening do not get screened. To learn more, this study estimated the prevalence of up-to-date colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and examined the relationship between CRC knowledge and screening compliance among Asian Americans living in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan area. The study included a cross-sectional sample of 274 Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese Americans aged 50-75 years old...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664502/validating-stages-of-change-for-obesogenic-behaviors-across-filipino-and-other-asian-american-and-pacific-islander-adolescents
#13
Sasha A Fleary, M Tagorda, S Kim, M Rathke, C R Nigg
Filipino adolescents are underrepresented in obesity research, although Filipinos are the second largest Asian-American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) subpopulation in the USA. An understanding of how well the theories of behavior change apply to Filipino and other AAPI adolescents is critical to addressing obesogenic behaviors in these groups. This study aimed to validate the transtheoretical model of behavior change (TTM) for physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable intake (FV) among a majority Filipino adolescent population...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646355/racial-disparities-in-menu-labeling-usage-analysis-of-the-2012-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-brfss-sugar-sweetened-beverage-and-menu-labeling-module
#14
Sufana Shikdar, Sumihiro Suzuki
OBJECTIVES: Race/ethnic disparities in obesity are widely reported and are often attributed to diet-related factors, such as menu-labeling usage. We aimed to determine whether racial difference exists in menu-labeling usage. METHODS: Data from the 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were used. Menu labeling was measured from the Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Menu Labeling module administered in 18 states. We stratified the population into four race/ethnic categories: non-Hispanic whites (reference, n = 66,019, 63%), non-Hispanic blacks (n = 13,623, 13%), Hispanics (n = 14,671, 14%), and others (n = 7336, 7%)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643271/demographic-predictors-and-cancer-screening-among-asian-americans-in-michigan-role-of-refugee-status
#15
Tsu-Yin Wu, Yeyun Park
Although the Asian American population has steadily increased since 1980s, there remains a paucity of literature on cancer screening utilization on this population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate preventive health and screening practices by examining demographic predictors of health and screening behaviors among 217 Asian Americans living in state of Michigan. Several demographic and acculturation-related factors were found to be associated with "ever screened" status in the bivariate analyses. This included the examination of the relationships among refugee status and cancer screening practices among Asian Americans...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643270/ethnic-disparities-of-perceived-safety-climate-among-construction-workers-in-georgia-2015
#16
Michael Welton, David DeJoy, Maria Eugenia Castellanos, Mark Ebell, Ye Shen, Sara Robb
BACKGROUND: Safety climate involves worker perception about the relative importance where they work and safety climate and has been shown to be a reliable predictor of safety-related outcomes. METHODS: The primary objective of this study is to investigate ethnic differences in perceived safety climate among construction workers. Surveys (n = 179) that included a 10-item safety climate scale were administered in Athens, Georgia (GA), at local construction sites and home improvement stores during June-August, 2015...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643269/-doing-difference-and-fast-food-consumption-patterns-among-a-sample-of-white-and-african-american-emerging-adults
#17
Jeannette M Wade
Previous research has demonstrated that frequent consumption of fast food is linked to obesity and that trends in both are disparate across race and sex categories. Contextualizing race- and sex-related factors that structure fast food consumption in emerging adulthood is a much-needed contribution to social research. Specifically, this study uses the "doing difference" framework, to examine the frequency of fast food consumption in a sample of White and African American (18-25 years old). According to the framework, social inequalities are reproduced through dramaturgical performances of race, class, and gender...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643268/sexual-health-in-a-social-and-cultural-context-a-qualitative-study-of-young-latina-lesbian-bisexual-and-queer-women
#18
Christie A Santos, Emily C Williams, Julius Rodriguez, India J Ornelas
Previous research on sexual minority and Latina women suggests that Latina lesbian, bisexual, and queer (LBQ) women may be at high risk for sexually associated and transmitted infections, but research on the sexual health and practices of this population is limited. This qualitative study explored the knowledge, attitudes, and values related to sexual health among a purposive sample of Latina LBQ women living in Seattle, WA. Latina LBQ women (N = 14) were recruited to participate in in-depth interviews about their sexual health through community organizations, flyers posted on college campuses, email and social media advertisements, and participant referrals...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639252/ethnic-variations-in-serum-25-oh-d-levels-and-bone-ultrasound-attenuation-measurements-in-blacks-and-whites
#19
Rosario Sakamoto, D Thorpe, R Knutsen, L Beeson, S Knutsen
Vitamin D deficiency is more common in Blacks, yet Blacks have lower prevalence of bone fragility fractures or osteoporosis than Whites. Broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) has been used to explore the association between serum 25(OH)D levels and bone quality in White and non-white populations. We investigated serum 25(OH)D status with corresponding BUA measurements assessed cross sectionally in a cohort of 232 Blacks and 260 Whites, aged 30-95 years who were part of the calibration study of the large Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634877/socioeconomic-status-financial-strain-and-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-a-sample-of-african-american-midlife-men
#20
Joshua M Schrock, Nancy E Adler, Elissa S Epel, Amani M Nuru-Jeter, Jue Lin, Elizabeth H Blackburn, Robert Joseph Taylor, David H Chae
BACKGROUND: African American men in the USA experience poorer aging-related health outcomes compared to their White counterparts, partially due to socioeconomic disparities along racial lines. Greater exposure to socioeconomic strains among African American men may adversely impact health and aging at the cellular level, as indexed by shorter leukocyte telomere length (LTL). This study examined associations between socioeconomic factors and LTL among African American men in midlife, a life course stage when heterogeneity in both health and socioeconomic status are particularly pronounced...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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