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Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205153/sociodemographic-disparities-in-cure-intended-treatment-in-localized-prostate-cancer
#1
Jude K A des Bordes, David S Lopez, Michael D Swartz, Robert J Volk
PURPOSE: Disparities in prostate cancer (PCa) morbidity and mortality occur across various populations. We investigated the sociodemographic correlates of treatment and disparities in the application of cure-intended (i.e., radical prostatectomy [RP], radiation therapy [RT]) treatment strategies in localized PCa among Texas residents diagnosed with PCa. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Texas Cancer Registry on men diagnosed with stage T1 or T2 PCa between 2004 and 2009...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205152/explaining-racial-disparities-in-amputation-rates-for-the-treatment-of-peripheral-artery-disease-pad-using-decomposition-methods
#2
J A Mustapha, Bryan T Fisher, John A Rizzo, Jie Chen, Brad J Martinsen, Harry Kotlarz, Michael Ryan, Candace Gunnarsson
INTRODUCTION: While studies have documented racial and ethnic disparities in amputation rates for patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD), the importance of specific factors has not been quantified. This research seeks to provide such evidence and to quantify how much of the difference reflects observable versus unexplained factors. METHODS: This study used the nationally representative HCUP inpatient database from 2006 to 2013 for patients with a primary diagnosis of PAD who were either Caucasian, African-American, or Hispanic...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181200/a-community-driven-intervention-for-improving-biospecimen-donation-in-african-american-communities
#3
Kushal Patel, Wendelyn Inman, Jemal Gishe, Owen Johnson, Elizabeth Brown, Mohamed Kanu, Rosemary Theriot, Maureen Sanderson, Pamela Hull, Margaret Hargreaves
INTRODUCTION: Human biospecimens are an invaluable resource for addressing cancers and other chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of an educational intervention on biospecimen knowledge and attitudes. METHODS: The participants consisted of 112 African Americans, 18 years and older, and who had not provided biospecimens for any health-related research in the past. A total of 55 participants received the educational brochure, and 57 received the educational video...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181199/an-examination-of-disparities-in-pediatric-pain-management-centered-on-socioeconomic-factors-and-hospital-characteristics
#4
Franklin B Chiao, Alan Wang
INTRODUCTION: Very little is known about pediatric pain management resource differences. In contrast, disparities in pain management within the adult population are known to exist. This research examined whether significant differences exist between hospitals in the state of New York and what factors impact these pain resources. METHODS: The study was approved by the institutional review board. A questionnaire was sent to the anesthesia/pediatric/pain directors of every hospital in the state of New York via SurveyMonkey...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176158/health-insurance-challenges-in-the-post-affordable-care-act-aca-era-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perspective-of-low-income-people-of-color-in-metropolitan-detroit
#5
Minal R Patel, Alison Jensen, Erminia Ramirez, Madiha Tariq, Ian Lang, Theresa Kowalski-Dobson, Joslyn Pettway, Michelle Famulare, Richard Lichtenstein
Low-income people of color are at risk of remaining uninsured due to a variety of factors. This study examined Affordable Care Act (ACA)-related and other health insurance enrollment experiences, observations, navigation needs, and experiences maintaining health insurance coverage among low-income communities of color in an economically disadvantaged community (Metropolitan Detroit). We conducted nine focus groups (n = 87) between May and June 2015. Participants were recruited through community-based organizations serving our key populations of interest...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176157/barriers-and-strategies-for-recruitment-of-racial-and-ethnic-minorities-perspectives-from-neurological-clinical-research-coordinators
#6
Sean J Haley, Lauren E Southwick, Nina S Parikh, Jazmin Rivera, Dorothy Farrar-Edwards, Bernadette Boden-Albala
INTRODUCTION: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard within evidence-based research. Low participant accrual rates, especially of underrepresented groups (e.g., racial-ethnic minorities), may jeopardize clinical studies' viability and strength of findings. Research has begun to unweave clinical trial mechanics, including the roles of clinical research coordinators, to improve trial participation rates. METHODS: Two semi-structured focus groups were conducted with a purposive sample of 29 clinical research coordinators (CRCs) at consecutive international stroke conferences in 2013 and 2014 to gain in-depth understanding of coordinator-level barriers to racial-ethnic minority recruitment and retention into neurological trials...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155058/erratum-to-ethnic-inequalities-in-copd-outcomes-a-register-based-study-in-copenhagen-denmark
#7
Yusun Hu, Lourdes Cantarero-Arévalo, Anne Frølich, Ramune Jacobsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130748/social-disparities-in-obesogenic-behaviors-in-adolescents
#8
Sasha A Fleary, Karen M Freund
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Demographic and social characteristics, such as sex, race/ethnicity, and income, have been implicated as risk and protective factors for behavior change regarding obesogenic behaviors in adolescents. The purpose of this study was to determine the social disparities in obesogenic behaviors and compare social disparities in obesogenic behaviors between adolescents who are overweight/obese and non-overweight adolescents using an alternative methodology for calculating disparities...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130747/erratum-to-determinants-of-prostate-cancer-screening-intentions-of-young-black-men-aged-18-to-40-years
#9
Motolani E Ogunsanya, Carolyn M Brown, Folakemi T Odedina, Jamie C Barner, Taiwo Adedipe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127675/erratum-to-a-qualitative-study-of-motivations-for-minority-recruitment-in-cancer-clinical-trials-across-five-nci-designated-cancer-centers
#10
Zachary R Simoni, M Y Martin, Jennifer Wenzel, Elise D Cook, Badrinath Konety, Selwyn M Vickers, Moon S Chen, Mona N Foaud, Raegan W Durant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127674/erratum-to-hepatitis-b-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-screening-practices-in-chinese-and-african-immigrant-rich-neighborhoods-in-new-york-city
#11
S Fitzgerald, J Chao, Y Feferman, P Perumalswami, U Sarpel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 26, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127673/opportunities-and-challenges-in-precision-medicine-improving-cancer-prevention-and-treatment-for-asian-americans
#12
Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Rachel Sacks, Jiyoung Ahn, Stella S Yi
Cancer is the leading cause of death among Asian Americans, and cancer cases among Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, and Native Americans are expected to rise by 132% by 2050. Yet, little is known about biologic and environmental factors that contribute to these higher rates of disease in this population. Precision medicine has the potential to contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of morbidity and mortality trends among Asian American subgroups and to reduce cancer-related health disparities by recognizing patients as individuals with unique genetic, environmental, and lifestyle characteristics; identifying ways in which these differences impact cancer expression; and developing tailored disease prevention and clinical treatment strategies to address them...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078660/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-diabetes-quality-of-care-the-role-of-healthcare-access-and-socioeconomic-status
#13
Juan R Canedo, Stephania T Miller, David Schlundt, Mary K Fadden, Maureen Sanderson
INTRODUCTION: Blacks, Hispanics, and Asians are disproportionately affected by diabetes. We assessed the state of racial/ethnic disparities in diabetes quality of care in the USA. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data of adults diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes in the nationally representative 2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Differences in adherence to five diabetes quality of care recommendations (HbA1c twice yearly, yearly foot exam, dilated eye exam, blood cholesterol test, and flu vaccination) were examined by race/ethnicity while controlling for three social determinants of health (health insurance status, poverty, and education) and other demographic variables...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078659/summer-research-training-provides-effective-tools-for-underrepresented-minorities-to-obtain-doctoral-level-degrees
#14
Oluwatoyin A Asojo, Ashish Damania, Teri L Turner, Gayle Slaughter, Kendal D Hirschi
The ethnic, racial, and cultural diversity of the USA is not reflected in its healthcare and biomedical workforce. Undergraduate research programs are used to encourage underrepresented minorities to pursue training for biomedical careers, but there is limited published data on doctoral degree completion rates by participants in these programs. This study evaluates the attainment of doctoral degrees by a NIH-funded cohort of undergraduates from the 1998-2002 Baylor College of Medicine's Summer Medical Research Training (SMART) program...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078658/the-past-does-matter-a-nursing-perspective-on-post-traumatic-slave-syndrome-ptss
#15
Ejim Sule, Ryan M Sutton, Debbie Jones, Ramel Moore, Imaculata Igbo, Lovell A Jones
Few have reviewed the impact of post traumatic slave syndrome (PTSS) on the issues of inequities, especially as it pertains to mental and physical health. Furthermore, the impact of PTSS on the social determinants of health is an area that has been researched by few investigators. The possibilities that the impact of slavery and/or major stress events in the life of a population can become trans-generational are lost to history. Think about what is taking place in cities around the country and then think about racist socialization (internalized racism) and its impact on our society...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078657/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-dietary-intake-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index-bmi-among-cancer-survivors-2005-and-2010-national-health-interview-surveys-nhis
#16
Doratha A Byrd, Tanya Agurs-Collins, David Berrigan, Richard Lee, Frances E Thompson
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports racial/ethnic differences in mean dietary and alcohol intake, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI) among cancer survivors and examines adherence to the American Cancer Society and the US Dietary Guidelines for Americans. METHODS: Data are from the cross-sectional 2005 and 2010 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS). The total sample of cancer survivors (N = 3367) included non-Hispanic Whites (NHW; N = 2698), non-Hispanic Blacks (NHBs; N = 379), and Hispanics (N = 290)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039604/socioeconomic-and-racial-disparities-a-case-control-study-of-patients-receiving-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-for-severe-aortic-stenosis
#17
Anna Sleder, Shiloh Tackett, Matthew Cerasale, Chetan Mittal, Iyad Isseh, Ryhm Radjef, Andrew Taylor, Rashad Farha, Oleksandra Lupak, Dana Larkin, Lois Lamerato, George Divine, Kimberlydawn Wisdom, Kimberly Baker-Genaw, William O'Neill
BACKGROUND: We sought to quantify socioeconomic disparities in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) at an urban, tertiary referral center. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study identified 67 patients with severe AS (aortic valve [AV] area ≤1 cm(2) or AV area index ≤0.60 cm(2)/m(2) or AV velocity ≥40 mmHg) who underwent TAVR from November 5, 2013 to June 10, 2014. Study subjects were matched to controls with severe AS without TAVR in a 4:1 age-frequency match...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039603/place-matters-in-non-traditional-migration-areas-exploring-barriers-to-healthcare-for-latino-immigrants-by-region-neighborhood-and-community-health-center
#18
Michael Topmiller, Jenny Zhen-Duan, Farrah J Jacquez, Lisa M Vaughn
This paper identifies differences in adult Latino immigrant barriers to healthcare in the Cincinnati area in Hamilton County, OH, on three levels: by region, by neighborhood, and by community health center. Secondary data analysis was performed on 439 surveys. Respondents were aggregated by the geographic regions and neighborhoods where they live and by two community health centers where they receive care. Outcome measures included pragmatic and skill barrier indices adapted from the Barriers to Care Questionnaire (BCQ); the pragmatics index consists logistical barriers, including transportation and cost; the skills index is made up of items related to navigating the healthcare system, including communicating with physicians and completing paperwork...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039602/residential-segregation-and-racial-cancer-disparities-a-systematic-review
#19
Hope Landrine, Irma Corral, Joseph G L Lee, Jimmy T Efird, Marla B Hall, Jukelia J Bess
BACKGROUND: This paper provides the first review of empirical studies of segregation and black-white cancer disparities. METHODS: We searched all years of PubMed (through May 2016) using these terms: racial segregation, residential segregation, neighborhood racial composition (first terms) and (second terms) cancer incidence, mortality, survival, stage at diagnosis, screening. The 17 (of 668) articles that measured both segregation and a cancer outcome were retained...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004356/risk-of-recurrence-and-mortality-in-a-multi-ethnic-breast-cancer-population
#20
Geoffrey C Kabat, Mindy Ginsberg, Joseph A Sparano, Thomas E Rohan
BACKGROUND: Compared to non-Hispanic whites, African-American women tend to be diagnosed with breast cancer at an earlier age, to have less favorable tumor characteristics, and to have poorer outcomes from breast cancer. The extent to which differences in clinical characteristics account for the black/white disparity in breast cancer mortality is unclear. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the association of clinical, demographic, and treatment variables with total mortality and breast cancer recurrence by race/ethnicity in a cohort of women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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