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World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224101/vein-of-galen-malformation-in-a-neonate-a-case-report-and-review-of-endovascular-management
#1
Surasak Puvabanditsin, Rajeev Mehta, Kristy Palomares, Natalie Gengel, Christina Ferrucci Da Silva, Sudipta Roychowdhury, Gaurav Gupta, Arun Kashyap, David Sorrentino
Vein of Galen malformation (VOGM) is a rare congenital vascular malformation caused by the maldevelopment of its embryonic precursor, the median prosencephalic vein of Markowski. VOGM results in neonatal morbidity and mortality, and premature delivery does not improve the outcome. We report a term female neonate in whom a vein of Galen malformation was diagnosed prenatally at 37 wk of gestation during a growth ultrasound and confirmed by fetal magnetic resonance imaging. Signs of cardiac decompensation were evident in the fetus...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224100/early-infant-male-circumcision-systematic-review-risk-benefit-analysis-and-progress-in-policy
#2
Brian J Morris, Sean E Kennedy, Alex D Wodak, Adrian Mindel, David Golovsky, Leslie Schrieber, Eugenie R Lumbers, David J Handelsman, John B Ziegler
AIM: To determine whether recent evidence-based United States policies on male circumcision (MC) apply to comparable Anglophone countries, Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Articles in 2005 through 2015 were retrieved from PubMed using the keyword "circumcision" together with 36 relevant subtopics. A further PubMed search was performed for articles published in 2016. Searches of the EMBASE and Cochrane databases did not yield additional citable articles. Articles were assessed for quality and those rated 2+ and above according to the Scottish Intercollegiate Grading System were studied further...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224099/using-quality-improvement-methods-to-increase-use-of-pain-prevention-strategies-for-childhood-vaccination
#3
Jennifer Verrill Schurman, Amanda D Deacy, Rebecca J Johnson, Jolynn Parker, Kristi Williams, Dustin Wallace, Mark Connelly, Lynn Anson, Kevin Mroczka
AIM: To increase evidence-based pain prevention strategy use during routine vaccinations in a pediatric primary care clinic using quality improvement methodology. METHODS: Specific intervention strategies (i.e., comfort positioning, nonnutritive sucking and sucrose analgesia, distraction) were identified, selected and introduced in three waves, using a Plan-Do-Study-Act framework. System-wide change was measured from baseline to post-intervention by: (1) percent of vaccination visits during which an evidence-based pain prevention strategy was reported as being used; and (2) caregiver satisfaction ratings following the visit...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224098/video-recording-of-neonatal-resuscitation-a-feasibility-study-to-inform-widespread-adoption
#4
Sandesh Shivananda, Jennifer Twiss, Enas El-Gouhary, Salhab El-Helou, Connie Williams, Prashanth Murthy, Gautham Suresh
AIM: To determine the feasibility of introducing video recording (VR) of neonatal resuscitation (NR) in a perinatal centre. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort quality improvement study on preterm infants and their caregivers. Based on evidence and experience of other centers using VR intervention, a contextually relevant implementation and evaluation strategy was designed in the planning phase. The components of intervention were pre-resuscitation team huddle, VR of NR and video debriefing (VD), all occurring on the same day...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224097/understanding-academic-clinicians-intent-to-treat-pediatric-obesity
#5
Claudia Frankfurter, Charles Cunningham, Katherine M Morrison, Heather Rimas, Karen Bailey
AIM: To examine the extent to which the theory of planned behavior (TPB) predicts academic clinicians' intent to treat pediatric obesity. METHODS: A multi-disciplinary panel iteratively devised a Likert scale survey based on the constructs of the TPB applied to a set of pediatric obesity themes. A cross-sectional electronic survey was then administered to academic clinicians at tertiary care centers across Canada from January to April 2012. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize demographic and item agreement data...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224096/off-label-use-of-sulfur-hexafluoride-in-voiding-urosonography-for-diagnosis-of-vesicoureteral-reflux-in-children-a-survey-on-adverse-events
#6
Alexander Sauer, Clemens Wirth, Isabel Platzer, Henning Neubauer, Simon Veldhoen, Alexander Dierks, Reinhard Kaiser, Andreas Kunz, Meinrad Beer, Thorsten Bley
AIM: To evaluate the risk profile of sulfur hexafluoride in voiding urosonography (VUS) based on a large cohort of children. METHODS: Since 2011 sulfur hexafluoride (SH, SonoVue(®), Bracco, Italy) is the only ultrasound contrast available in the European Union and its use in children has not been approved. Within a 4-year-period, 531 children with suspected or proven vesicoureteral reflux (f/m = 478/53; mean age 4.9 years; 1 mo-25.2 years) following parental informed consent underwent VUS with administration of 2...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224095/culturally-adapted-pictorial-screening-tool-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-new-approach
#7
Hemamali Perera, Kamal Chandima Jeewandara, Sudarshi Seneviratne, Chandima Guruge
AIM: To assess the performance of a newly designed, culturally adapted screening tool for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Items for the screening tool were modeled from already documented checklists and diagnostic criteria for ASD. Each item in text was paired with a photograph that illustrated the written content, which was in the 2 main local languages. The final product had 21 items and was named the pictorial autism assessment schedule (PAAS). Performance of PAAS was tested on a clinical sample of 18-48 mo old children, diagnosis naïve, presenting with developmental deficits...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224094/cystic-meconium-peritonitis-with-jejunoileal-atresia-is-it-associated-with-unfavorable-outcome
#8
Kin Wai Edwin Chan, Kim Hung Lee, Hei Yi Vicky Wong, Siu Yan Bess Tsui, Yuen Shan Wong, Kit Yi Kristine Pang, Jennifer Wai Cheung Mou, Yuk Him Tam
AIM: To compare the outcome between patients with jejunoileal atresia (JIA) associated with cystic meconium peritonitis (CMP) and patients with isolated JIA (JIA without CMP). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted for all neonates with JIA operated in our institute from January 2005 to January 2016. Demographics including the gestation age, sex, birth weight, age at operation, the presence of associated syndrome was recorded. Clinical outcome including the type of operation performed, operative time, the need for reoperation and mortality were studied...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224093/pediatric-asthma-severity-score-is-associated-with-critical-care-interventions
#9
Danielle K Maue, Nadia Krupp, Courtney M Rowan
AIM: To determine if a standardized asthma severity scoring system (PASS) was associated with the time spent on continuous albuterol and length of stay in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: This is a single center, retrospective chart review study at a major children's hospital in an urban location. To qualify for this study, participants must have been admitted to the PICU with a diagnosis of status asthmaticus. There were a total of 188 participants between the ages of two and nineteen, excluding patients receiving antibiotics for pneumonia...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224092/language-and-cognitive-outcome-for-high-risk-neonates-at-the-age-of-2-3-years-experience-from-an-arab-country
#10
Tamer Abou-Elsaad, Hesham Abdel-Hady, Hemmat Baz, Doaa ElShabrawi
AIM: To investigate the effect of different neonatal risk factors on different language parameters as well as cognitive abilities among Arabic speaking Egyptian children at the age of two to three years of life and to find out which risk factor(s) had the greatest impact on language and cognitive abilities. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted on 103 children with age range of 2-3 years (median age 31 mo). They were 62 males and 41 females who were exposed to different high-risk factors in the perinatal period, with exclusion of metabolic disorders, sepsis/meningitis, congenital anomalies and chromosomal aberrations...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224091/imaging-of-the-pediatric-thymus-clinicoradiologic-approach
#11
REVIEW
Smita Manchanda, Ashu S Bhalla, Manisha Jana, Arun K Gupta
The thymus is a lymphatic organ that undergoes dynamic changes with age and disease. It is important to be familiar with these physiological changes in the thymus gland to be able to identify pathology and make an accurate diagnosis. The thymus may be involved in multisystem disorders or show focal isolated lesions. The aim of this article is to review the radiological anatomy of the thymus, normal variants, and pathology including hyperplasia and benign/malignant lesions involving the thymus gland in the pediatric age group...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224090/vitamin-d-deficiency-insufficiency-from-childhood-to-adulthood-insights-from-a-sunny-country
#12
REVIEW
Motti Haimi, Richard Kremer
Vitamin D is known to be a key regulator of bone metabolism and is associated with muscle strength. Vitamin D deficiency is widely prevalent worldwide. In adults, vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in numerous health conditions including osteoporosis, cancer, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases. Considerable changes have occurred in lifestyles and childhood activities in the past years. Studies have shown that the children population is at high risks of vitamin D deficiency. The objective of this study was to learn about the extent of vitamin D deficiency in children worldwide and especially in sunny country like Israel...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872829/can-language-acquisition-be-facilitated-in-cochlear-implanted-children-comparison-of-cognitive-and-behavioral-psychologists-viewpoints
#13
Leila Monshizadeh, Roshanak Vameghi, Fariba Yadegari, Firoozeh Sajedi, Seyed Basir Hashemi
AIM: To study how language acquisition can be facilitated for cochlear implanted children based on cognitive and behavioral psychology viewpoints? METHODS: To accomplish this objective, literature related to behaviorist and cognitive psychology prospects about language acquisition were studied and some relevant books as well as Medline, Cochrane Library, Google scholar, ISI web of knowledge and Scopus databases were searched. Among 25 articles that were selected, only 11 met the inclusion criteria and were included in the study...
November 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872828/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-disease-is-rare-in-children-an-update-from-saudi-arabia
#14
Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Rana F Kattan, Ziad A Memish
AIM: To summarize the reported Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (MERS-CoV) cases, the associated clinical presentations and the outcomes. METHODS: We searched the Saudi Ministry of Health website, the World Health Organization website, and the Flutracker website. We also searched MEDLINE and PubMed for the keywords: Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus, MERS-CoV in combination with pediatric, children, childhood, infancy and pregnancy from the initial discovery of the virus in 2012 to 2016...
November 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872827/zinc-supplementation-as-an-adjunct-to-standard-therapy-in-childhood-nephrotic-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#15
Girish Chandra Bhatt, Shikha Jain, Rashmi Ranjan Das
AIM: To evaluate the role of zinc as add on treatment to the "recommended treatment" of nephrotic syndrome (NS) in children. METHODS: All the published literature through the major databases including Medline/Pubmed, Embase, and Google Scholar were searched till 31(st) December 2015. Reference lists from the articles were reviewed to identify additional pertinent articles. Retrieved papers concerning the role of zinc in childhood NS were reviewed by the authors, and the data were extracted using a standardized data collection tool...
November 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872826/pandemic-influenza-2009-impact-of-vaccination-coverage-on-critical-illness-in-children-a-canada-and-france-observational-study
#16
Olivier Fléchelles, Olivier Brissaud, Robert Fowler, Thierry Ducruet, Philippe Jouvet, The Pediatric Canadian Critical Care Trials Group H N Collaborative And Groupe Francophone de Réanimation Et Urgences Pédiatriques
AIM: To study the impact of vaccination critical illness due to H1N1pdm09, we compared the incidence and severity of H1N1pdm09 infection in Canada and France. METHODS: We studied two national cohorts that included children with documented H1N1pdm09 infection, admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in Canada and in France between October 1, 2009 and January 31, 2010. RESULTS: Vaccination coverage prior to admission to PICUs was higher in Canada than in France (21% vs 2% of children respectively, P < 0...
November 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872825/clinical-profile-and-outcomes-of-pediatric-endogenous-endophthalmitis-a-report-of-11-cases-from-south-india
#17
Gayatri Murugan, Parag K Shah, Venkatapathy Narendran
AIM: To study the clinical profile and outcomes of pediatric endogenous endophthalmitis from a tertiary eye hospital in South India. METHODS: A total of 13 eyes of 11 children presented to us with varied symptoms and presentations of endogenous endophthalmitis, over a five-year period from January 2010 to December 2015 were studied. Except for two eyes of a patient, vitreous aspirates were cultured from all 11 eyes to isolate the causative organism. These eleven eyes also received intravitreal injections...
November 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872824/packed-red-blood-cell-transfusions-as-a-risk-factor-for-parenteral-nutrition-associated-liver-disease-in-premature-infants
#18
Antoni D'Souza, Anushree Algotar, Ling Pan, Steven M Schwarz, William R Treem, Gloria Valencia, Simon S Rabinowitz
AIM: To determine if packed red blood cell transfusions contribute to the development of parenteral nutrition associated liver disease. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 49 premature infants on parenteral nutrition for > 30 d who received packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusions was performed. Parenteral nutrition associated liver disease was primarily defined by direct bilirubin (db) > 2.0 mg/dL. A high transfusion cohort was defined as receiving > 75 mL packed red blood cells (the median value)...
November 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872823/serial-physical-examinations-a-simple-and-reliable-tool-for-managing-neonates-at-risk-for-early-onset-sepsis
#19
Alberto Berardi, Anna Maria Buffagni, Cecilia Rossi, Eleonora Vaccina, Chiara Cattelani, Lucia Gambini, Federica Baccilieri, Francesca Varioli, Fabrizio Ferrari
AIM: To investigate whether serial physical examinations (SPEs) are a safe tool for managing neonates at risk for early-onset sepsis (EOS). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of neonates (≥ 34 wks' gestation) delivered in three high-volume level IIIbirthing centres in Emilia-Romagna (Italy) during a 4-mo period (from September 1 to December 31, 2015). Neonates at risk for EOS were managed according to the SPEs strategy, these were carried out in turn by bedside nursing staff and physicians...
November 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610353/factors-affecting-breastfeeding-duration-in-greece-what-is-important
#20
Evangelia-Filothei Tavoulari, Vassiliki Benetou, Petros V Vlastarakos, Theodora Psaltopoulou, George Chrousos, George Kreatsas, Alexandros Gryparis, Athena Linos
AIM: To investigate factors associated with breastfeeding duration (BD) in a sample of mothers living in Greece. METHODS: Four hundred and twenty-eight mothers (438 infants) were initially recruited in a tertiary University Hospital. Monthly telephone interviews (1665 in total) using a structured questionnaire (one for each infant) were conducted until the sixth postpartum month. Cox regression analysis was used to assess factors influencing any BD. RESULTS: Any breastfeeding rates in the first, third, and sixth month of the infant's life reached 87...
August 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
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