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Current Oral Health Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177123/recent-advances-in-adhesive-bonding-the-role-of-biomolecules-nanocompounds-and-bonding-strategies-in-enhancing-resin-bonding-to-dental-substrates
#1
Eliseu A Münchow, Marco C Bottino
Purpose of review: To present an overview on the main agents (i.e., biomolecules and nanocompounds) and/or strategies currently available to amplify or stabilize resin-dentin bonding. Recent findings: According to studies retrieved for full text reading (2014-2017), there are currently six major strategies available to overcome resin-dentin bond degradation: (i) use of collagen crosslinking agents, which may form stable covalent bonds with collagen fibrils, thus strengthening the hybrid layer; (ii) use of antioxidants, which may allow further polymerization reactions over time; (iii) use of protease inhibitors, which may inhibit or inactivate metalloproteinases; (iv) modification of the bonding procedure, which may be performed by using the ethanol wet-bonding technique or by applying an additional adhesive (hydrophobic) coating, thereby strengthening the hybrid layer; (v) laser treatment of the substrate prior to bonding, which may cause specific topographic changes in the surface of dental substrates, increasing bonding efficacy; and (vi) reinforcement of the resin matrix with inorganic fillers and/or remineralizing agents, which may positively enhance physico-mechanical properties of the hybrid layer...
September 2017: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201598/use-of-probiotics-and-oral-health
#2
REVIEW
Robert P Allaker, Abish S Stephen
Purpose of Review: The purpose of this study is to critically assess recent studies concerning the use of probiotics to control periodontal diseases, dental caries and halitosis (oral malodour). Recent Findings: Clinical studies have shown that probiotics when allied to conventional periodontal treatment can ameliorate microbial dysbiosis and produce significant improvement in clinical indicators of disease. However, this effect is often not maintained by the host after the end of probiotic use...
2017: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201597/current-concepts-of-epigenetics-and-its-role-in-periodontitis
#3
REVIEW
Lena Larsson
Purpose: The focus of this review is to provide an overview of the recent findings on the role of epigenetic mechanisms in periodontal disease, including disease susceptibility, progression, and as potential treatment options. Recent Findings: The findings on the influence of oral pathogens on epigenetic regulation of pathogen recognition receptors, such as Toll-like receptors, as well as pro-inflammatory cytokines suggest an important role for epigenetics in the regulation of the host immune response...
2017: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201596/definitions-and-epidemiology-of-endodontic-infections
#4
REVIEW
I F Persoon, A R Özok
Purpose of Review: This review describes the recent findings from epidemiological studies on endodontic infections. The recent literature was screened for studies on the prevalence of primary apical periodontitis and posttreatment apical periodontitis in various populations. Recent Findings: Twenty-nine articles reporting data on the prevalence of primary or posttreatment apical periodontitis from all over the world were included. The prevalence of apical periodontitis varied between 7 and 86%, while that of posttreatment apical periodontitis varied between 10 and 62%...
2017: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944159/the-future-of-periodontal-systemic-associations-raising-the-standards
#5
REVIEW
P Mark Bartold, Angelo Mariotti
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Periodontal medicine recognizes a "bidirectional" interaction between periodontitis and systemic conditions. Unfortunately, the facile ability to publish a periodontal-systemic association, regardless of biologic plausibility or rigorous scientific scrutiny, continues without abate. RECENT FINDINGS: The increasing number of periodontal-systemic associations corrupts the ability of dentists to distinguish which of the associations are spurious and which are valid...
2017: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303212/periodontitis-and-systemic-disease-association-or-causality
#6
REVIEW
Lewis Winning, Gerard J Linden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim was to assess recent evidence that diabetes, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and obesity impact the progression of periodontitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Electronic searches using Embase, Medline, and Web of Science were carried out for epidemiological studies on humans, published between 2014 and 2016. A small number of prospective studies and systematic reviews were identified that in general provide further support for the hypothesis that diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity can adversely affect the periodontal condition...
2017: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255531/progress-in-bioengineered-whole-tooth-research-from-bench-to-dental-patient-chair
#7
Elizabeth E Smith, Pamela C Yelick
Tooth loss is a significant health issue that affects the physiological and social aspects of everyday life. Missing teeth impair simple tasks of chewing and speaking, and can also contribute to reduced self-confidence. An emerging and exciting area of regenerative medicine based dental research focuses on the formation of bioengineered whole tooth replacement therapies that can provide both the function and sensory responsiveness of natural teeth. This area of research aims to enhance the quality of dental and oral health for those suffering from tooth loss...
December 2016: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857880/sbirt-based-interventions-to-improve-pediatric-oral-health-behaviors-and-outcomes-considerations-for-future-behavioral-sbirt-interventions-in-dentistry
#8
Josué Cuevas, Donald L Chi
Dental caries is the most common chronic disease in children and is caused by poor oral health behaviors. These behaviors include high-sugar diet, inadequate exposure to topical fluorides, and irregular use of professional dental care services. A number of behavioral intervention approaches have been used to modify health behaviors. One example is the Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) model, which has been widely used to reduce substance abuse in both adults and children. SBIRT is a promising behavior change approach that could similarly be used to address problematic oral health behaviors...
September 2016: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547697/molecular-signaling-in-benign-odontogenic-neoplasia-pathogenesis
#9
Hope M Amm, Mary MacDougall
Several molecular pathways have been shown to play critical roles in the pathogenesis of odontogenic tumors. These neoplasms arise from the epithelial or mesenchymal cells of the dental apparatus in the jaw or oral mucosa. Next generation genomic sequencing has identified gene mutations or single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with many of these tumors. In this review, we focus on two of the most common odontogenic tumor subtypes: ameloblastoma and keratocystic odontogenic tumors. We highlight gene expression and protein immunohistological findings and known genetic alterations in the hedgehog, BRAF/Ras/MAPK, epidermal growth factor receptor, Wnt and Akt signaling pathways relevant to these tumors...
June 2016: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398287/immunotherapy-for-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#10
Rebecca C Hoesli, Jeffrey S Moyer
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma has been found to be an immunosuppressive malignancy, with many defects in the host immune system contributing to the progression of disease. A greater understanding of these defects has lead to the identification and investigation of new therapeutic strategies, targeting immune system dysfunction in an effort to improve the outcomes of this disease. This article provides a brief review of the knowledge regarding the immune defects present in head and neck cancer, as well as a review of the current therapeutic strategies being investigated for use...
June 2016: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152251/what-are-we-learning-and-what-can-we-learn-from-the-human-oral-microbiome-project
#11
Benjamin Cross, Roberta C Faustoferri, Robert G Quivey
Extraordinary technological advances have greatly accelerated our ability to identify bacteria, at the species level, present in clinical samples taken from the human mouth. In addition, technologies are evolving such that the oral samples can be analyzed for their protein and metabolic products. As a result, pictures are the advent of personalized dental medicine is becoming closer to reality.
March 2016: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134811/polymicrobial-biofilm-studies-from-basic-science-to-biofilm-control
#12
Hubertine Me Willems, Zhenbo Xu, Brian M Peters
Microbes rarely exist as single species planktonic forms as they have been commonly studied in the laboratory. Instead, the vast majority exists as part of complex polymicrobial biofilm communities attached to host and environmental surfaces. The oral cavity represents one of the most diverse and well-studied polymicrobial consortia. Despite a burgeoning field of mechanistic biofilm research within the past decades, our understanding of interactions that occur between microbial members within oral biofilms is still limited...
March 2016: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891302/epidemiology-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-from-an-oral-perspective
#13
REVIEW
Anne Isine Bolstad, Kathrine Skarstein
Oral symptoms are among the most distressing manifestations for patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS). The feeling of dry mouth is unpleasant, and hyposalivation may contribute to difficulty in speaking, chewing and swallowing and reduced quality of life. Reduced salivary flow increases the risk for dental caries and problems with prosthetic replacement. It seems that SS is not as frequently occurring as previously anticipated. Population-based prevalence studies on primary SS in Europe, conducted on large background populations and in accordance with the AECG criteria, reported of a prevalence of 1-9 cases per 10,000 people...
2016: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891301/how-far-have-we-come-in-the-field-of-nerve-regeneration-after-trigeminal-nerve-injury
#14
REVIEW
Annika Rosén, Arezo Tardast, Tie-Jun Shi
Patients suffering from nerve injury with sensory disturbances or orofacial pain have greatly reduced quality of life, and it is a big cost for the society. Abnormal sensations caused by trigeminal nerve injury often become chronic, severely debilitating, and extremely difficult to treat. In general, non-invasive treatment such as drug treatment has been insufficient, and there are currently few available effective treatments. Surgical interventions such as end-to-end connection or nerve grafting have disadvantages such as donor site morbidity or formation of neuroma...
2016: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26457238/drilling-deeper-into-tooth-brushing-skills-is-proactive-interference-an-under-recognized-factor-in-oral-hygiene-behavior-change
#15
Rooban Thavarajah, Madan Kumar, Anusa Arunachalam Mohandoss, Lance T Vernon
Proper tooth brushing is a seemingly simple motor activity that can promote oral health. Applying health theories, such as the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model, Motivational Interviewing (MI) and Integrated Health Coaching (IHC), may help optimize tooth brushing technique in those with suboptimal skills. Some motor activities, including tooth brushing, may over time become rote and unconscious actions, such that an existing habit can inhibit new learning, i.e., exert proactive interference on learning the new skill...
September 2015: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26457237/advancing-health-promotion-in-dentistry-articulating-an-integrative-approach-to-coaching-oral-health-behavior-change-in-the-dental-setting
#16
Lance T Vernon, Anita R Howard
Oral health is managed based on objective measures such as the presence and severity of dental caries and periodontal disease. In recent years, oral health researchers and practitioners have shown increasing interest in a widened array of physical, psychological, and social factors found to influence patients' oral health. In this article, we introduce a behavior change coaching approach that can be used to enhance psychosocial diagnosis and client-centered delivery of health-promoting interventions. Briefly, this health coaching approach is based on an interactive assessment (both physical and psychological), a non-judgmental exploration of patients' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs, a mapping of patient behaviors that may contribute to disease progression, gauging patient motivation, and tailoring health communication to encourage health-promoting behavior change...
September 2015: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26120510/the-biofilm-community-rebels-with-a-cause
#17
A Wilson Aruni, Yuetan Dou, Arunima Mishra, Hansel M Fletcher
Oral Biofilms are one of the most complex and diverse ecosystem developed by successive colonization of more than 600 bacterial taxa. Development starts with the attachment of early colonizers such as Actinomyces species and oral streptococci on the acquired pellicle and tooth enamel. These bacteria not only adhere to tooth surface but also interact with each other and lay foundation for attachment of bridging colonizer such as Fusobacterium nucleatum followed by late colonizers including the red complex species: Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia and Treponema denticola-the founders of periodontal disease...
March 1, 2015: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26523248/induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-and-periodontal-regeneration
#18
Mi Du, Xuejing Duan, Pishan Yang
Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease which leads to destruction of both the soft and hard tissues of the periodontium. Tissue engineering is a therapeutic approach in regenerative medicine that aims to induce new functional tissue regeneration via the synergistic combination of cells, biomaterials, and/or growth factors. Advances in our understanding of the biology of stem cells, including embryonic stem cells and mesenchymal stem cells, have provided opportunities for periodontal tissue engineering...
2015: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26523247/declining-caries-trends-are-we-satisfied
#19
M D Lagerweij, C van Loveren
WHO data suggest that all over the world the prevalence of caries has declined at the end of the previous and in the first decade of the present century. This decline started wherever the use of effective fluoride toothpaste became commonplace. Even though the decline is considerable with a 90 % reduction in DMFT for 12-year-olds in Western Europe and the USA, caries still affects 60-90 % of the children throughout the world. In the high- and middle-income countries, the nature of caries has changed from a rapid progressing disease of childhood to a slowly progressing disease throughout adulthood and even old age...
2015: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26523246/oral-mucositis-induced-by-anticancer-therapies
#20
Sali Al-Ansari, Judith A E M Zecha, Andrei Barasch, Jan de Lange, Fred R Rozema, Judith E Raber-Durlacher
Oral mucositis induced by conventional cytotoxic cancer therapies is a common and significant clinical problem in oncology. Mucositis symptoms, which include severe pain, may lead to dose reductions and unplanned interruptions of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, and often affect patients' quality of life. In addition, ulcerative mucositis represents a risk factor for local or systemic infectious complications that may be life-threatening in immunosuppressed patients. The development of biologically based targeted cancer therapies, which aim to block the growth, spread, and survival of tumors by interfering with specific molecular targets, may have reduced mucosal injury, but did not eliminate it...
2015: Current Oral Health Reports
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