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Health & Justice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597357/health-care-needs-and-service-use-among-male-prison-inmates-in-the-united-states-a-multi-level-behavioral-model-of-prison-health-service-utilization
#1
Kathryn M Nowotny
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to apply Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Service Use to men's prisons to assess the direct and indirect effects of inmate predisposing characteristics through multiple types of need. Also examined are the effects of prison-specific enabling factors and the variation in use of health services across prisons. This study uses a nationally representative U.S. sample of men incarcerated in state prisons (n = 8816) and generalized structural equation and multilevel modeling...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593579/the-reciprocal-lagged-effects-of-substance-use-and-recidivism-in-a-prisoner-reentry-context
#2
Nathan Wong Link, Leah K Hamilton
BACKGROUND: Much work has investigated the association between substance use, crime, and recidivism, yet little scholarship has examined these associations longitudinally among samples of recently released prisoners. We examine the lagged reciprocal effects of hard substance use and crime, among other covariates, in the context of the prisoner reentry process. METHODS: We rely on data from the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI) evaluation and employ cross-lagged panel models to examine short-term changes in substance use and crime over time among a large sample of high-risk, former prisoners (N = 1697)...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589252/manifestations-of-hiv-stigma-and-their-impact-on-retention-in-care-for-people-transitioning-from-prisons-to-communities
#3
Rebecca Kemnitz, Theresa C Kuehl, Karli R Hochstatter, Emily Barker, Anna Corey, Elizabeth A Jacobs, Michael D Repplinger, William J Ehlenbach, David W Seal, James M Sosman, Ryan P Westergaard
BACKGROUND: While most people living with HIV who are incarcerated in United States receive appropriate HIV care while they are in prison, interruptions in antiretroviral therapy and virologic failure are extremely common after they are released. The purpose of this study was to describe whether and how HIV stigma influences continuity of care for people living with HIV while they transition from prison to community settings. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured, telephone-based interviews with 32 adults who received HIV care while residing in a Wisconsin state prison, followed by a second interview 6 months after they returned to their home community...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560686/trends-in-drug-offers-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states-2002-2014
#4
Sehun Oh, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn
BACKGROUND: Being offered illicit drugs is a critical factor leading to drug initiation and other psychosocial risk behaviors among adolescents in the United States. However, there exist few studies examining the recent trends in drug offers among adolescents, particularly across racial/ethnic subgroups. The present study examines trends and psychosocial/behavioral correlates of drug offers among adolescents of the three largest racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: We used data from the 2002-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health of adolescents aged 12-17, which include African-American, Hispanic, and White adolescents (n = 199,700) in the U...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455574/action-steps-using-aces-and-trauma-informed-care-a-resilience-model
#5
Laurie Leitch
This paper 1) discusses two important contributions that are shaping work with vulnerable and under-resourced populations: Kaiser Permanente's (1998) Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACE) which includes the impact of adverse experiences in childhood on adult health and health behaviors and the more recent advent of what has come to be known as Trauma-Informed Care (TIC), programs which incorporate knowledge of the impact of early trauma into policies and programs. 2) Despite many positive benefits that have come from both contributions there are unintended consequences, described in the paper, that have an impact on research and program evaluation as well as social policies and programs...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332099/integrated-multisystem-analysis-in-a-mental-health-and-criminal-justice-ecosystem
#6
Erin Falconer, Tal El-Hay, Dimitris Alevras, John P Docherty, Chen Yanover, Alan Kalton, Yaara Goldschmidt, Michal Rosen-Zvi
BACKGROUND: Patients with a serious mental illness often receive care that is fragmented due to reduced availability of or access to resources, and inadequate, discontinuous, and uncoordinated care across health, social services, and criminal justice organizations. This article describes the creation of a multisystem analysis that derives insights from an integrated dataset including patient access to case management services, medical services, and interactions with the criminal justice system...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285466/acceptability-and-effectiveness-of-a-web-based-psychosocial-intervention-among-criminal-justice-involved-adults
#7
J D Lee, B Tofighi, R McDonald, A Campbell, M C Hu, E Nunes
BACKGROUND: The acceptability, feasibility and effectiveness of web-based interventions among criminal justice involved populations are understudied. This study is a secondary analysis of baseline characteristics associated with criminal justice system (CJS) status as treatment outcome moderators among participants enrolling in a large randomized trial of a web-based psychosocial intervention (Therapeutic Education System [TES]) as part of outpatient addiction treatment. METHODS: We compared demographic and clinical characteristics, TES participation rates, and the trial's two co-primary outcomes, end of treatment abstinence and treatment retention, by self-reported CJS status at baseline: 1) CJS-mandated to community treatment (CJS-mandated), 2) CJS-recommended to treatment (CJS-recommended), 3) no CJS treatment mandate (CJS-none)...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258527/commentary-the-importance-of-medicaid-expansion-for-criminal-justice-populations-in-the-south
#8
EDITORIAL
Nickolas D Zaller, David H Cloud, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Benjamin Bouvier, Sarah Martino, Brad Brockmann
Though the full implications of a Trump presidency for ongoing health care and criminal justice reform efforts remain uncertain, whatever policy changes are made will be particularly salient for the South, which experiences the highest incarceration rates, highest uninsured rates, and worst health outcomes in the United States. The passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2010 was a watershed event and many states have taken advantage of opportunities created by the ACA to expand healthcare coverage to their poorest residents, and to develop partnerships between health and justice systems...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116579/extending-smoking-abstinence-after-release-from-smoke-free-prisons-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Cheneal Puljević, Stuart A Kinner, Dominique de Andrade
BACKGROUND: A smoking ban was implemented across all prisons in Queensland, Australia, in May 2014, with the aim of improving the health of prisoners and prison staff. However, relapse to smoking after release from prison is common. Only one previous study, conducted in the United States, has used a randomised design to evaluate an intervention to assist individuals in remaining abstinent from smoking following release from a smoke-free prison. METHODS: This paper describes the rationale for and design of a randomised controlled trial of an intervention to extend smoking abstinence in men after release from smoke-free prisons in the state of Queensland, Australia...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942429/agreement-between-self-reported-healthcare-service-use-and-administrative-records-in-a-longitudinal-study-of-adults-recently-released-from-prison
#10
Megan Carroll, Georgina Sutherland, Anna Kemp-Casey, Stuart A Kinner
BACKGROUND: Studies of healthcare service use often rely on self-reported data, especially in disadvantaged populations. Despite this, the reliability of self-reported healthcare service use is often questioned and routinely-collected, administrative data are usually considered preferable. In this paper we examine the agreement between self-reported healthcare service use and administrative records, in a large cohort of adults recently released from prison in Australia. METHODS: Baseline interviews within 6 weeks of expected release from prison and follow-up interviews at 1, 3 and 6 months post-release were linked to routinely-collected, administrative health records over the same time period...
December 2016: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688992/interventions-for-drug-using-offenders-with-co-occurring-mental-health-problems-a-systematic-review-and-economic-appraisal
#11
Rebecca Woodhouse, Matthew Neilson, Marrissa Martyn-St James, Julie Glanville, Catherine Hewitt, Amanda E Perry
BACKGROUND: Drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental health problems are common in the criminal justice system. A combination of drug use and mental health problems makes people more likely to be arrested for criminal involvement after release compared to offenders without a mental health problem. Previous research has evaluated interventions aimed broadly at those with a drug problem but rarely with drug use and mental health problems. This systematic review considers the effectiveness of interventions for drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental health problems...
December 2016: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617184/unlocking-dimensions-of-social-capital-in-the-prison-setting
#12
Lise Lafferty, Carla Treloar, Tony Butler, Jill Guthrie, Georgina M Chambers
BACKGROUND: Social capital has been shown to be a valuable resource for improving health outcomes. However, it has received little attention in the prison setting. Dimensions of social capital in mainstream society are likely to function differently among inmates in prison. This study seeks to identify and understand social capital dimensions among incarcerated men living with hepatitis C. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted across three correctional centres in New South Wales with 30 male inmates living with hepatitis C...
2016: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478758/alcohol-management-plans-in-indigenous-communities-in-queensland-australia-may-have-unintended-implications-for-the-care-of-children
#13
Katrina Bird, Michelle S Fitts, Alan R Clough
BACKGROUND: Indigenous children in Australia are more likely than non-Indigenous children to be in contact with the child safety system. A large number of Queensland's Indigenous population live in remote and isolated communities in north Queensland where the state government's Alcohol Management Plans (AMPs) are in effect. In these communities it is an offence to have in one's possession more than the regulated amount and type of alcohol. A breach of these restrictions can result in convictions under the Liquor Act 1992...
2016: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453807/the-effectiveness-of-specialized-legal-counsel-and-case-management-services-for-indigent-offenders-with-mental-illness
#14
Jeff Bouffard, Elizabeth Berger, Gaylene S Armstrong
BACKGROUND: In recent years, jurisdictions have recognized the strain placed on limited existing resources by criminal offenders with mental illness who frequently cycle through local jail facilities. In response, many locales have developed and implemented specialized programs to more effectively and efficiently manage these offenders, particularly the process of assigning defense attorneys to these often indigent defendants. METHODS: The current study examined the impact of an Indigent Defense Counsel (IDC) program designed to provide specially trained defense attorneys, and enhanced case management services to 257 indigent jail inmates with a qualifying, major mental health diagnosis (e...
2016: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340612/gender-and-race-disparities-in-weight-gain-among-offenders-prescribed-antidepressant-and-antipsychotic-medications
#15
Madison L Gates, Thad Wilkins, Elizabeth Ferguson, Veronica Walker, Robert K Bradford, Wonsuk Yoo
BACKGROUND: Studies have found that antipsychotics and antidepressants are associated with weight gain and obesity, particularly among women and some minority groups. Incarcerated populations (also referred to as offenders, prisoners or inmates) have a high prevalence of mental health problems and 15 % of offenders have been prescribed medications. Despite rates of antidepressant and antipsychotic use, investigations of weight gain and obesity in regard to these agents seldom have included offenders...
2016: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27226946/exploring-barriers-to-and-enablers-of-adequate-healthcare-for-indigenous-australian-prisoners-with-cancer-a-scoping-review-drawing-on-evidence-from-australia-canada-and-the-united-states
#16
Jessica Olds, Rachel Reilly, Paul Yerrell, Janet Stajic, Jasmine Micklem, Kim Morey, Alex Brown
BACKGROUND: International frameworks supported by national principles in Australia stipulate that prisoners should be provided with health services equivalent to those provided in the general community. However, a number of barriers unique to the prison system may hinder the provision of equitable healthcare for this population. In Australia, Indigenous people carry a greater burden of cancer mortality, which the Cancer Data and Aboriginal Disparities (CanDAD) project is seeking to address...
2016: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077019/patients-experiences-managing-cardiovascular-disease-and-risk-factors-in-prison
#17
Emily H Thomas, Emily A Wang, Leslie A Curry, Peggy G Chen
BACKGROUND: Despite greater risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in patients with a history of incarceration, little is known about how prisons manage CVD risk factors (CVD-RF) to mitigate this risk. METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews with individuals with CVD-RF who had been recently released from prison (n = 26). These individuals were recruited through community flyers and a primary care clinic in Connecticut. Using a grounded theory approach and the constant comparative method, we inductively generated themes about CVD-RF care in prisons...
2016: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077018/from-trauma-to-incarceration-exploring-the-trajectory-in-a-qualitative-study-in-male-prison-inmates-from-north-queensland-australia
#18
Bronwyn Honorato, Nerina Caltabiano, Alan R Clough
BACKGROUND: There were approximately 34,000 prisoners incarcerated in Australian correctional centres as of 2014. The most common offence type for these prisoners was 'acts intended to cause injury', comprising 18 % of the total offences. Of the various risk factors for violent offending and incarceration identified in international research, trauma - either single events or ongoing; and substance abuse - which is commonly associated with violent behaviour across many cultures, are major contributors...
2016: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054059/social-support-quality-and-availability-affects-risk-behaviors-in-offenders
#19
Stephanie A Spohr, Sumihiro Suzuki, Brittany Marshall, Faye S Taxman, Scott T Walters
BACKGROUND: People involved in the justice system are at 2.5 times the risk of HIV infection compared to the general population, which is further complicated by substance abuse. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of social network quality and quantity on unprotected sex, criminal risk, and substance use. METHODS: We used data from 330 drug-involved offenders. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to model and test path directionality and magnitude between the latent constructs of social support quality and quantity on risky behaviors...
2016: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26478853/finding-the-loopholes-a-cross-sectional-qualitative-study-of-systemic-barriers-to-treatment-access-for-women-drug-court-participants
#20
Diane S Morse, Jennifer Silverstein, Katherine Thomas, Precious Bedel, Catherine Cerulli
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic diversion courts seek to address justice-involved participants' underlying problems leading to their legal system involvement, including substance use disorder, psychiatric illness, and intimate partner violence. The courts have not addressed systemic hurdles, which can contribute to a cycle of substance use disorder and recidivism, which in turn hinder health and wellness. The study purpose is to explore the systemic issues faced by women participants in drug treatment court from multiple perspectives to understand how these issues may relate to health and wellness in their lives...
December 2015: Health & Justice
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