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SAGE Open Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348914/exploring-health-insurance-services-in-sudan-from-the-perspectives-of-insurers
#1
Anas Mustafa Ahmed Salim, Fatima Hashim Mahmoud Hamed
Background: It has been 20 years since the introduction of health insurance in Sudan. This study was the first one that explored health insurance services in Sudan from the perspectives of the insurers. Methods: This was a qualitative, exploratory, interview study. The sampling frame was the list of Social Health Insurance and Private Health Insurance institutions in Sudan. Participants were selected from the four Social Health Insurance institutions and from five Private Health Insurance companies...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344360/validity-reliability-and-norwegian-adaptation-of-the-stroke-specific-quality-of-life-ss-qol-scale
#2
Synne Garder Pedersen, Guri Anita Heiberg, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen, Oddgeir Friborg, Henriette Holm Stabel, Audny Anke, Cathrine Arntzen
Background: There is a paucity of stroke-specific instruments to assess health-related quality of life in the Norwegian language. The objective was to examine the validity and reliability of a Norwegian version of the 12-domain Stroke-Specific Quality of Life scale. Methods: A total of 125 stroke survivors were prospectively recruited. Questionnaires were administered at 3 months; 36 test-retests were performed at 12 months post stroke. The translation was conducted according to guidelines...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326819/association-between-bullying-and-pediatric-psychiatric-hospitalizations
#3
Hadassa Leader, Jasmine Singh, Ayesha Ghaffar, Cheryl de Silva
Objectives: Bullying is a serious public health issue. We sought to demonstrate an association between bullying victimization and hospital admissions for acute psychiatric problems. We described the demographics and types of bullying in a sample of hospitalized patients in Staten Island, NY, and compared bullying victimization scores with psychiatric versus medical admissions. Methods: Patients in grades 3-12 were recruited from the Staten Island University Hospital Inpatient Pediatrics unit and emergency department...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326818/coping-social-support-and-information-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-or-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-a-2-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Bodil Ivarsson, Göran Rådegran, Roger Hesselstrand, Barbro Kjellström
Objectives: Pulmonary arterial hypertension and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension are severe diseases with complicated treatment that need care at specialist clinics. The aim was to investigate changes in the patients' perceptions on coping, social support and received information when attending a newly started nurse-coordinated pulmonary arterial hypertension-outpatient clinic. Methods: The present study was a descriptive, questionnaire-based cohort study including 42 adult patients...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326817/seating-in-aged-care-physical-fit-independence-and-comfort
#5
Alethea Blackler, Claire Brophy, Maria O'Reilly, Marianella Chamorro-Koc
Objectives: This research was intended to provide a greater understanding of the context and needs of aged care seating, specifically:To conduct an audit of typical chairs used in aged care facilities;To collect data about resident and staff experiences and behaviour around chairs in order to gain a deeper understanding of the exact issues that residents and staff have with the chairs they use at aged care facilities;To identify positive and negative issues influencing use of chairs in aged care facilities;To deliver evidence-based recommendations for the design of chairs for aged care facilities...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318012/understanding-and-treating-solid-tumor-related-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-in-the-era-of-targeted-cancer-therapies
#6
REVIEW
Felice Vito Vitale, Giuseppe Sa Longo-Sorbello, Stefano Rotondo, Francesco Ferrau
A systemic activation of blood coagulation is usually present in many clinical conditions including the infectious or inflammatory ones and malignant disease as well. Depending upon circumstances, patients suffering from acute decompensated disseminated intravascular coagulation may be managed by a medical oncologist and either an internist or a physician working in an emergency and/or intensive care unit. In some cases, for example, the indolent ones, the activation of coagulation might not be easily detected by routine laboratory tests and not lead to clinical manifestations...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318011/exposure-reporting-disparity-in-gulf-war-registry-related-clinical-assessments
#7
Valerie Metzger-Smith, Karen Lei, Jennifer Javors, Shahrokh Golshan, Albert Leung
Objectives: The Gulf War Registry monitors related health conditions of veterans returning from the Persian Gulf Region. Enrollment consists of two phases: Phase I-veterans meet with their local VA Environmental Health Coordinator and complete the self-reported Gulf War Phase I Worksheet (VA Form 10-9009A). Phase II involves a physical exam, medical history review, and laboratory test analysis conducted by a licensed physician. The providers' documentations are frequently referred for exposure assessment and benefit claim...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318010/physical-condition-nutritional-status-fatigue-and-quality-of-life-in-oncological-out-patients
#8
Karl-Heinz Schulz, Stefan Patra, Hannah Spielmann, Silke Klapdor, Kathrin Schlüter, Sandra van Eckert
Objective: Early detection of limited physical activity and nutritional deficiencies in cancer survivors could contribute to early treatment and preservation of quality of life. The aim of this study is to describe the association of physical condition and nutritional status with fatigue and quality of life in oncological out-patients. Methods: Data in this descriptive study was collected on bioelectrical impedance analysis, postural stability (stability index), body mass index, Karnofsky Index, quality of life (Short-Form 36-Item Health Survey) and fatigue (multidimensional fatigue inventory-20) in a consecutive sample of 203 oncological out-patients...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276592/sexual-health-knowledge-and-practices-and-sti-hiv-prevalence-among-long-distance-truck-drivers-in-peru
#9
Patricía J García, Boris Fazio, Angela M Bayer, Aldo G Lizarraga, Marina Chiappe, Sayda La Rosa, Marcela Lazo, Lorena López, María Valderrama, César P Cárcamo
Objectives: HIV and other sexually transmitted infections remain a challenge globally and many key groups have yet to be studied. Evidence shows that truck drivers may have high-risk behaviors and higher sexually transmitted infection/HIV prevalence because they are a highly mobile population. However, there is little to no information on this group in Peru. Therefore, we explored the sexual health knowledge and practices and carried out sexually transmitted infection/HIV testing among male truck drivers and their assistants in Peru...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276591/job-satisfaction-among-mental-healthcare-professionals-the-respective-contributions-of-professional-characteristics-team-attributes-team-processes-and-team-emergent-states
#10
Marie-Josée Fleury, Guy Grenier, Jean-Marie Bamvita
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the respective contribution of professional characteristics, team attributes, team processes, and team emergent states on the job satisfaction of 315 mental health professionals from Quebec (Canada). Methods: Job satisfaction was measured with the Job Satisfaction Survey. Independent variables were organized into four categories according to a conceptual framework inspired from the Input-Mediator-Outcomes-Input Model...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276590/correlation-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-assessment-symptom-questionnaire-to-impedance-ph-measurements-in-children
#11
Sittichoke Prachuapthunyachart, Chaowapong Jarasvaraparn, David A Gremse
Background: Esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring has become one of the preferred tests to correlate observed reflux-like behaviors with esophageal reflux events. The Gastroesophageal reflux disease Assessment Symptom Questionnaire is a validated tool used to distinguish infants with gastroesophageal reflux disease from healthy children. The aim of this study was to determine whether the Gastroesophageal reflux disease Assessment Symptom Questionnaire composite symptom scores and individual symptom scores correlate with outcomes in esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276589/return-to-work-in-heart-failure-patients-with-suspected-viral-myocarditis
#12
Rona Reibis, Uwe Kühl, Annett Salzwedel, Mortesa Rasawieh, Sarah Eichler, Karl Wegscheider, Heinz Völler
Background: Endomyocardial biopsy is considered as the gold standard in patients with suspected myocarditis. We aimed to evaluate the impact of bioptic findings on prediction of successful return to work. Methods: In 1153 patients (48.9 ± 12.4 years, 66.2% male), who were hospitalized due to symptoms of left heart failure between 2005 and 2012, an endomyocardial biopsy was performed. Routine clinical and laboratory data, sociodemographic parameters, and noninvasive and invasive cardiac variables including endomyocardial biopsy were registered...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276588/ventilatory-efficiency-and-aerobic-capacity-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-study
#13
Stine Maren Riksfjord, Siri Merete Brændvik, Ola D Røksund, Inger-Lise Aamot
Objectives: To assess ventilatory efficiency and aerobic capacity in people with multiple sclerosis and whether treadmill walking or progressive strength training has an effect on these parameters in this population. Methods: In all, 24 adults with multiple sclerosis with an Expanded Disability Status Scale score of ≤6 completed a cardiopulmonary exercise test before and after 8 weeks of exercise. They were randomized to treadmill walking of low-to-moderate intensity (50%-70% of peak heart rate) or progressive strength training (six repetitions × two at 80% of one repetition maximum)...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276587/association-between-route-of-illicit-drug-administration-and-hospitalizations-for-infective-endocarditis
#14
Olubunmi Olubamwo, Ifeoma N Onyeka, Alex Aregbesola, Kimmo Ronkainen, Jari Tiihonen, Jaana Föhr, Jussi Kauhanen
Objective: This study examined the association between the route of drug administration and being hospitalized for infective endocarditis among 4817 treatment-seeking illicit drug users in Finland. Methods: Cox regression models were used to examine the association between the route of drug administration and infective endocarditis hospitalization, adjusted for age, gender, and homelessness. Cases of infective endocarditis as a primary/main diagnosis were tracked using the 10th version of the International Classification of Disease code I33...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225881/recovery-benefits-of-using-a-heat-and-moisture-exchange-mask-during-sprint-exercise-in-cold-temperatures
#15
John G Seifert, Jeremy Frost, John A St Cyr
Objectives: Breathing cold air can lead to bronchoconstriction and peripheral vasoconstriction, both of which could impact muscular performance by affecting metabolic demands during exercise. Successful solutions dealing with these physiological changes during exercise in the cold has been lacking; therefore, we investigated the influence of a heat and moisture exchange mask during exercise in the cold. Methods: There were three trial arms within this study: wearing the heat and moisture exchange mask during the rest periods in the cold, no-mask application during the rest periods in the cold, and a trial at room temperature (22°C)...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201368/medication-use-and-falls-applying-beers-criteria-to-medication-review-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Eleanor Yusupov, Davina Chen, Bhuma Krishnamachari
Objectives: Our goal was to assess the association between potentially inappropriate medication use and risk of falls in the Parkinson's disease population. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at an outpatient Parkinson's Disease Treatment Center. Individuals 65 years of age or older, diagnosed with Parkinson's disease who attended at least three visits in 2015 for physical, occupational therapy, or physician's visits were included in the study...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201367/services-aimed-at-achieving-desirable-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-diabetes-mellitus-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Fergus William Gardiner, Ezekiel Uba Nwose, Phillip Taderera Bwititi, Judith Crockett, Lexin Wang
There is a large number of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), diabetes mellitus (DM), and hypertension (HT) but whether the targets on blood pressure (BP) control in patients with DM and/or CKD are met is not clear. This narrative review therefore investigated evidence on services aimed at achieving desirable clinical results in patients with CKD and DM, and HT in Australia. Literature pertaining to pathology diagnosis and management of these patients as well as the complexities in management were considered...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201366/survey-on-the-availability-price-and-affordability-of-selected-essential-medicines-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-community-pharmacies-of-kathmandu-valley
#18
Rajeev Shrestha, Anish Ghale, Bijay Raj Chapagain, Mahasagar Gyawali, Trishna Acharya
Background: The access to essential medicines for non-communicable disease treatment is unacceptably low worldwide. The fundamental right to health cannot be fulfilled without equitable access to essential medicines. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 94 community pharmacies of Kathmandu valley. Non-probability quota sampling method was adopted for the purpose. Village Development Committees with more than 5000 populations were included in the study...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163951/coronary-artery-anomalies-unusually-high-incidence-of-anomalies-with-a-malignant-course-in-an-asian-population
#19
Abdulaziz M Alkhulaifi, Nidheesh Chooriyil, Maryam Alkuwari, Abdelnasser N Ghareep, Cornelia Carr
Objectives: Coronary artery anomalies are uncommon, but important cardiac malformations, representing the second commonest cause of death in young athletes. Methods: We utilized computerized tomographic angiography to screen and precisely delineate coronary artery anomalies in patients with minimal cardiac symptoms. Results: During 3.5-year period, we performed 2888 computerized tomographic angiographies. A total of 33 (1.1%; 95% confidence interval = 0...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163950/a-retrospective-epidemiologic-study-to-define-risk-factors-microbiology-and-clinical-outcomes-of-infective-endocarditis-in-a-large-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital
#20
Anahita S Mostaghim, Hoi Yee Annie Lo, Nancy Khardori
Objective: This study aims to define risk factors as well as their association with microbiology and clinical outcomes in a large US infective endocarditis population. Methods: Hospital records were searched for appropriate infective endocarditis-related ICD codes from 16 July 2007 to 13 August 2015. A total of 363 cases were retrospectively identified that met definite Modified Duke Criteria for infective endocarditis and were analyzed by age group, causative organism, and associated risk factors for use of valvular surgical intervention, 30/90/180-day mortality after admission, and embolic phenomena...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
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