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SAGE Open Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785265/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-a-topical-gentamicin-collagen-sponge-in-diabetic-patients-with-a-mild-foot-ulcer-infection
#1
Ilker Uçkay, Benjamin Kressmann, Sébastien Di Tommaso, Marina Portela, Heba Alwan, Hubert Vuagnat, Sophie Maître, Christophe Paoli, Benjamin A Lipsky
Objectives: The initial phase of infection of a foot ulcer in a person with diabetes is often categorized as mild. Clinicians usually treat these infections with antimicrobial therapy, often applied topically. Some experts, however, believe that mild diabetic foot ulcer infections will usually heal with local wound care alone, without antimicrobial therapy or dressings. Methods: To evaluate the potential benefit of treatment with a topical antibiotic, we performed a single-center, investigator-blinded pilot study, randomizing (1:1) adult patients with a mild diabetic foot ulcer infection to treatment with a gentamicin-collagen sponge with local care versus local care alone...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780588/takeoff-orientation-of-the-major-aortic-arch-branches-irrespective-of-arch-type-ramifications-for-brachiocephalic-interventions-including-carotid-stenting
#2
Rajiv Tayal, M Zain Khakwani, Benjamin Lesar, Michael Sinclair, Afroditi Emporelli, Vadim Spektor, Marc Cohen, Najam Wasty
Background: Our previous work demonstrating great ease and predictability of cannulation of the major aortic arch branches with an upwardly pointing 3DR catheter, irrespective of aortic arch type, led us to hypothesize that centering or "cresting" of these vessels must occur along the superior most aspect of the aortic arch in a curvilinear fashion. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 111 computed tomographic scans of the chest and thoracic aorta with intravenous contrast performed at our hospital between April 2011 and May 2012 utilizing TeraRecon image reconstruction software...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780587/development-of-a-vancomycin-dosing-approach-for-critically-ill-patients-receiving-hybrid-hemodialysis-using-monte-carlo-simulation
#3
Susan J Lewis, Bruce A Mueller
Objectives: Prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy is an increasingly popular treatment for acute kidney injury in critically ill patients that runs at different flow rates and durations than conventional hemodialysis or continuous renal replacement therapies. Pharmacokinetic studies conducted in patients receiving prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy are scarce; consequently, clinicians are challenged to dose antibiotics effectively. The purpose of this study was to develop vancomycin dosing recommendations for patients receiving prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780586/asthma-related-health-services-and-asthma-control-among-women-in-puerto-rico
#4
María Calixta Ortiz-Rivera
Objectives: This study evaluates social, behavioral, and environmental determinants to differentiate between active and inactive asthma and how predisposing, enabling, and need factors elucidate asthma-related health services and asthma control among women in Puerto Rico. Methods: This study analyzed secondary cross-sectional data from a subsample of 625 adult females who participated in the Asthma Call Back Survey in Puerto Rico. Logistic and multinomial regression analyses were conducted to examine associations between explanatory variables and asthma outcomes...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770219/determinants-and-prognosis-of-high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-t-peak-plasma-concentration-in-patients-hospitalized-for-non-cardiogenic-shock
#5
Marie Caujolle, Jerome Allyn, Caroline Brulliard, Dorothée Valance, David Vandroux, Olivier Martinet, Nicolas Allou
Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the determinants and prognostic value of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T peak plasma concentration in intensive care unit patients with non-cardiogenic shock. Material and methods: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted in a single intensive care unit between November 2014 and December 2015. Results: During the study period, 206 patients were hospitalized in the intensive care unit for non-cardiogenic shock and the median peak high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T was 55...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770218/elevated-serum-levels-of-malondialdehyde-and-cortisol-are-associated-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-case-control-study
#6
Md Rabiul Islam, Md Reazul Islam, Imtiaz Ahmed, Abdullah Al Moktadir, Zabun Nahar, Mohammad Safiqul Islam, Shelina Fatema Binte Shahid, Sheikh Nazrul Islam, Md Saiful Islam, Abul Hasnat
Objectives: Major depressive disorder is diagnosed on the basis of patient's self-reported experiences, behavior reported by relatives, and a mental status examination, and yet we do not have any reliable biomarker for this. Mood-regulating pathways are affected by oxidative injury to lipids and cortisol is released into the blood due to stimulation of corticotrophin receptors in the adrenal cortex. Here, we aimed to determine serum levels of malondialdehyde and cortisol in major depressive disorder patients and controls...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770217/analysis-of-adverse-events-of-renal-impairment-related-to-platinum-based-compounds-using-the-japanese-adverse-drug-event-report-database
#7
Misa Naganuma, Yumi Motooka, Sayaka Sasaoka, Haruna Hatahira, Shiori Hasegawa, Akiho Fukuda, Satoshi Nakao, Kazuyo Shimada, Koseki Hirade, Takayuki Mori, Tomoaki Yoshimura, Takeshi Kato, Mitsuhiro Nakamura
Objectives: Platinum compounds cause several adverse events, such as nephrotoxicity, gastrointestinal toxicity, myelosuppression, ototoxicity, and neurotoxicity. We evaluated the incidence of renal impairment as adverse events are related to the administration of platinum compounds using the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report database. Methods: We analyzed adverse events associated with the use of platinum compounds reported from April 2004 to November 2016. The reporting odds ratio at 95% confidence interval was used to detect the signal for each renal impairment incidence...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770216/assessment-of-a-novel-cryoablation-device-for-the-endovascular-treatment-of-cardiac-tachyarrhythmias
#8
John M Baust, Anthony Robilotto, Peter Guerra, Kristi K Snyder, Robert G Van Buskirk, Marc Dubuc, John G Baust
Objectives: Cryoablation is an effective alternative treatment for cardiac arrhythmias offering shortened recovery and reduced side effects. As the use of cryoablation increases, the need for new devices and procedures has emerged. This has been driven by technological limitations including lengthy periods to generate a single lesion (3-5 min), uncertain transmurality, and differential efficacy. Furthermore, due to limited ablation capacity under high heat loads, cryo has had limited success in the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762611/corrigendum
#9
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2050312118756804.].
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762609/corrigendum
#10
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2050312118756663.].
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760920/serum-lipidomics-of-bovine-paratuberculosis-disruption-of-choline-containing-glycerophospholipids-and-sphingolipids
#11
Paul L Wood, Erdal Erol, Glen F Hoffsis, Margaret Steinman, Jeroen DeBuck
Objectives: Bovine paratuberculosis is a devastating infection with Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis that ultimately results in death from malnutrition. While the infection is characterized by a long (2-4 years) subclinical phase with immune activation, ultimately host defense mechanisms fail and the bacteria spread from the small intestine to other organs. Since both the gastrointestinal tract and liver are essential for the biosynthesis of structural glycerophospholipids, we investigated the circulating levels of these lipids in field infections and experimentally infected cattle...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760919/anatomy-of-the-posterior-and-middle-ethmoidal-arteries-via-computed-tomography
#12
Hiroki Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Nomura, Hiroshi Hidaka, Yukio Katori, Naohiro Yoshida
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the anatomy of the posterior and middle ethmoidal arteries from the viewpoint of an endoscopic sinus surgeon. Methods: Based on 100 computed tomography images, the anatomical position of the posterior ethmoidal artery in relation to the posterior ethmoid cells was classified into five types. The presence of the posterior and middle ethmoidal arteries, their distance from the skull base, and their length exposed in the ethmoid cells were measured...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760918/patient-reported-adverse-events-among-epileptic-patients-taking-antiepileptic-drugs
#13
Mohammed Biset Ayalew, Esileman Abdela Muche
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess patient reported adverse events and associated factors among epileptic patients taking antiepileptic drugs on follow-up at University of Gondar Referral Hospital. Methods: Cross-sectional study was done on 354 adult epileptic patients. Patients who were on antiepileptic drugs for epilepsy treatment for less than a year, those who were below 18 years old, patients with incomplete information on the chart and those who were involuntary or uncooperative were excluded from the study...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760917/factors-associated-with-glycemic-status-and-ability-to-adapt-to-changing-demands-in-people-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Bertha Cecilia Salazar-González, Esther C Gallegos-Cabriales, Alicia Rivera-Castillo, Arnulfo González-Cantú, Marco Vinicio Gómez-Meza, Jesús Zacarías Villarreal-Pérez
Objectives: Type 2 diabetes mellitus studies focus on metabolic indicators and different self-reported lifestyle or care behaviors. Self-reported instruments involve conscious process therefore responses might not reflect reality. Meanwhile implicit responses involve automatic, unconscious processes underlying social judgments and behavior. No studies have explored the combined influence of both metabolic indicators and implicit responses on lifestyle practices in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686869/a-review-of-the-australian-healthcare-system-a-policy-perspective
#15
REVIEW
Sunil K Dixit, Murali Sambasivan
This article seeks to review the Australian healthcare system and compare it to similar systems in other countries to highlight the main issues and problems. A literature search for articles relating to the Australian and other developed countries' healthcare systems was conducted by using Google and the library of Victoria University, Melbourne. Data from the websites of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, the Australian Productivity Commission, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Bank have also been used...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662676/-toxoplasma-gondii-exposure-and-epilepsy-a-matched-case-control-study-in-a-public-hospital-in-northern-mexico
#16
Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Yazmin Del Rosario Rico-Almochantaf, Jesús Hernández-Tinoco, Gerardo Quiñones-Canales, Luis Francisco Sánchez-Anguiano, Jorge Torres-González, Eda Guadalupe Ramírez-Valles, Andrea Minjarez-Veloz
Objectives: This study aimed to determine the association between infection with Toxoplasma gondii and epilepsy in patients attended to in a public hospital in the northern Mexican city of Durango. Methods: We performed an age- and gender-matched case-control study of 99 patients suffering from epilepsy and 99 without epilepsy. Sera of participants were analyzed for anti- T. gondii IgG and IgM antibodies using commercially available enzyme-linked immunoassays. Seropositive samples to T...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662675/anterior-versus-posterior-approach-to-treat-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-clinical-and-radiological-results-with-long-period-of-follow-up
#17
Ziad A Audat, Mohammad D Fawareh, Ahmad M Radydeh, Moutasem M Obeidat, Mohannad A Odat, Khaldoon M Bashaireh, Mohammad M Barbarawi, Murad T Nusairat, Amna B Ibraheem, Mohammad Z Audat
Background: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy increases with age, but not all cases are symptomatic. It is usually diagnosed clinically and radiologically (X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging). Surgical treatment is indicated in severe symptomatic cases, while treatment controversy exists in the presence of less severe cases. Anterior and posterior approaches are generally used for decompression with no significant differences in the results of both. Methods: A total of 287 patients of cervical spondylotic myelopathy were treated at our hospital between January 2004 and December 2015...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636964/quantifying-and-reducing-statistical-uncertainty-in-sample-based-health-program-costing-studies-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#18
Claudia L Rivera-Rodriguez, Stephen Resch, Sebastien Haneuse
Objectives: In many low- and middle-income countries, the costs of delivering public health programs such as for HIV/AIDS, nutrition, and immunization are not routinely tracked. A number of recent studies have sought to estimate program costs on the basis of detailed information collected on a subsample of facilities. While unbiased estimates can be obtained via accurate measurement and appropriate analyses, they are subject to statistical uncertainty. Quantification of this uncertainty, for example, via standard errors and/or 95% confidence intervals, provides important contextual information for decision-makers and for the design of future costing studies...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623202/role-of-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-in-the-etiology-of-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancers-in-thailand-a-case-control-study
#19
Adit Chotipanich, Surattaya Siriarechakul, On-Ong Mungkung
Background: Among developing countries, Thailand shows no increase in the incidence of human papillomavirus-driven oropharyngeal cancer. The causal role of human papillomavirus infection in this pathology has not been researched thoroughly. Methods: A hospital-based, case-control study was performed which included 104 patients with newly diagnosed oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas and 104 individuals without cancer. The Cervista high-risk human papillomavirus and 16/18 assays were used to detect human papillomavirus...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623201/altered-immunoglobulins-a-and-g-in-ghanaian-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Henry Asare-Anane, Collins Paa Kwesi Botchey, Emmanuel Kwaku Ofori, Isaac Boamah, Sandra Crabbe, Kwadwo Asamoah-Kusi
Objectives: Elevated immunoglobulin levels have been strongly linked to the development and progression of inflammatory disorders such as type 2 diabetes and obesity. This study aimed to evaluate circulating immunoglobulin levels and to identify other metabolic factors that influence humoral immune response among Ghanaian subjects with type 2 diabetes. Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study conducted at the National Diabetes Management and Research Center, Accra...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
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