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Global Health, Science and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031307/zika-travel-policies-may-reduce-women-s-leadership-in-global-health
#1
LETTER
Emma Richardson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031306/an-implementer-s-perspective-on-vouchers-for-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#2
LETTER
Matthew Wilson, Caitlin Mazzilli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031305/qualitative-assessment-of-the-application-of-a-discrete-choice-experiment-with-community-health-workers-in-uganda-aligning-incentives-with-preferences
#3
Aurélie Brunie, Mario Chen, Angela Akol
BACKGROUND: Maximizing the benefits of community health worker (CHW) programs requires strategies for improving motivation, performance, and retention. Discrete choice experiments (DCE) are increasingly used to inform policy response to health workforce shortages in rural areas, and may be of value in the context of CHW programs. Participants are presented with pairs of hypothetical jobs that are described by job attributes with varying levels and are asked what their preferred job is within each pair...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031304/web-based-quality-assurance-process-drives-improvements-in-obstetric-ultrasound-in-5-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
Jonathan O Swanson, David Plotner, Holly L Franklin, David L Swanson, Victor Lokomba Bolamba, Adrien Lokangaka, Irma Sayury Pineda, Lester Figueroa, Ana Garces, David Muyodi, Fabian Esamai, Nancy Kanaiza, Waseem Mirza, Farnaz Naqvi, Sarah Saleem, Musaku Mwenechanya, Melody Chiwila, Dorothy Hamsumonde, Elizabeth M McClure, Robert L Goldenberg, Robert O Nathan
High quality is important in medical imaging, yet in many geographic areas, highly skilled sonographers are in short supply. Advances in Internet capacity along with the development of reliable portable ultrasounds have created an opportunity to provide centralized remote quality assurance (QA) for ultrasound exams performed at rural sites worldwide. We sought to harness these advances by developing a web-based tool to facilitate QA activities for newly trained sonographers who were taking part in a cluster randomized trial investigating the role of limited obstetric ultrasound to improve pregnancy outcomes in 5 low- and middle-income countries...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031303/mobile-based-nutrition-and-child-health-monitoring-to-inform-program-development-an-experience-from-liberia
#5
Agnes Guyon, Ariella Bock, Laura Buback, Barbara Knittel
BACKGROUND: Implementing complex nutrition and other public health projects and tracking nutrition interventions, such as women's diet and supplementation and infant and young child feeding practices, requires reliable routine data to identify potential program gaps and to monitor trends in behaviors in real time. However, current monitoring and evaluation practices generally do not create an environment for this real-time tracking. This article describes the development and application of a mobile-based nutrition and health monitoring system, which collected monitoring data on project activities, women's nutrition, and infant and young child feeding practices in real time...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031302/a-review-of-10-years-of-vasectomy-programming-and-research-in-low-resource-settings
#6
REVIEW
Dominick Shattuck, Brian Perry, Catherine Packer, Dawn Chin Quee
Vasectomy is a highly effective and safe contraceptive method for couples who want to stop childbearing, but only 2.4% of men around the world use this method. We conducted an extensive review of the vasectomy research literature and programmatic reports, published between April 2005 and April 2015, to synthesize barriers and facilitators to vasectomy adoption. Of the more than 230 documents initially retrieved in our search, we ultimately included 75 documents in our review and synthesized the findings according to the Supply-Enabling Environment-Demand (SEED) Programming Model...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031301/social-mobilization-and-community-engagement-central-to-the-ebola-response-in-west-africa-lessons-for-future-public-health-emergencies
#7
Amaya M Gillespie, Rafael Obregon, Rania El Asawi, Catherine Richey, Erma Manoncourt, Kshiitij Joshi, Savita Naqvi, Ade Pouye, Naqibullah Safi, Ketan Chitnis, Sabeeha Quereshi
Following the World Health Organization (WHO) declaration of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern regarding the Ebola outbreak in West Africa in July 2014, UNICEF was asked to co-lead, in coordination with WHO and the ministries of health of affected countries, the communication and social mobilization component-which UNICEF refers to as communication for development (C4D)-of the Ebola response. For the first time in an emergency setting, C4D was formally incorporated into each country's national response, alongside more typical components such as supplies and logistics, surveillance, and clinical care...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031300/referral-systems-to-integrate-health-and-economic-strengthening-services-for-people-with-hiv-a-qualitative-assessment-in-malawi
#8
Clinton Sears, Zach Andersson, Meredith Cann
BACKGROUND: Supporting the diverse needs of people living with HIV (PLHIV) can help reduce the individual and structural barriers they face in adhering to antiretroviral treatment (ART). The Livelihoods and Food Security Technical Assistance II (LIFT) project sought to improve adherence in Malawi by establishing 2 referral systems linking community-based economic strengthening and livelihoods services to clinical health facilities. One referral system in Balaka district, started in October 2013, connected clients to more than 20 types of services while the other simplified approach in Kasungu and Lilongwe districts, started in July 2014, connected PLHIV attending HIV and nutrition support facilities directly to community savings groups...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031299/key-role-of-drug-shops-and-pharmacies-for-family-planning-in-urban-nigeria-and-kenya
#9
Meghan Corroon, Essete Kebede, Gean Spektor, Ilene Speizer
BACKGROUND: The Family Planning 2020 initiative aims to reach 120 million new family planning users by 2020. Drug shops and pharmacies are important private-sector sources of contraception in many contexts but are less well understood than public-sector sources, especially in urban environments. This article explores the role that drug shops and pharmacies play in the provision of contraceptive methods in selected urban areas of Nigeria and Kenya as well as factors associated with women's choice of where to obtain these methods...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031298/strengthening-government-leadership-in-family-planning-programming-in-senegal-from-proof-of-concept-to-proof-of-implementation-in-2-districts
#10
Barry Aichatou, Cheikh Seck, Thierno Souleymane Baal Anne, Gabrielle Clémentine Deguenovo, Alexis Ntabona, Ruth Simmons
Given Senegal's limited resources, the country receives substantial support from externally funded partner organizations to provide family planning and maternal and child health services. These organizations often take a strong and sometimes independent role in implementing interventions with their own structures and personnel, thereby bypassing the government district health system. This article presents findings from the Initiative Sénégalaise de Santé Urbaine (ISSU) (Senegal Urban Health Initiative) that assessed in 2 districts, Diamniadio and Rufisque, the extent to which it was feasible to create stronger government ownership and leadership in implementing a simplified package of family planning interventions from among those previously tested in other districts...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031297/benefits-and-limitations-of-a-community-engaged-emergency-referral-system-in-a-remote-impoverished-setting-of-northern-ghana
#11
Sneha Patel, John Koku Awoonor-Williams, Rofina Asuru, Christopher B Boyer, Janet Awopole Yepakeh Tiah, Mallory C Sheff, Margaret L Schmitt, Robert Alirigia, Elizabeth F Jackson, James F Phillips
Although Ghana has a well-organized primary health care system, it lacks policies and guidelines for developing or providing emergency referral services. In 2012, an emergency referral pilot-the Sustainable Emergency Referral Care (SERC) initiative-was launched by the Ghana Health Service in collaboration with community stakeholders and health workers in one subdistrict of the Upper East Region where approximately 20,000 people reside. The pilot program was scaled up in 2013 to a 3-district (12-subdistrict) plausibility trial that served a population of approximately 184,000 over 2 years from 2013 to 2015...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031296/improving-the-safety-and-security-of-those-engaged-in-global-health-traveling-abroad
#12
Ranit Mishori, Andrew Eastman, Jessica Evert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031295/vasectomy-a-long-slow-haul-to-successful-takeoff
#13
EDITORIAL
James D Shelton, Roy Jacobstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993925/limits-of-skills-and-drills-interventions-to-improving-obstetric-and-newborn-emergency-response-what-more-do-we-need-to-learn
#14
EDITORIAL
Jim Ricca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993924/limited-effectiveness-of-a-skills-and-drills-intervention-to-improve-emergency-obstetric-and-newborn-care-in-karnataka-india-a-proof-of-concept-study
#15
Beena Varghese, Jayanna Krishnamurthy, Blaze Correia, Ruchika Panigrahi, Maryann Washington, Vinotha Ponnuswamy, Prem Mony
OBJECTIVE: The majority of the maternal and perinatal deaths are preventable through improved emergency obstetric and newborn care at facilities. However, the quality of such care in India has significant gaps in terms of provider skills and in their preparedness to handle emergencies. We tested the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of a "skills and drills" intervention, implemented between July 2013 and September 2014, to improve emergency obstetric and newborn care in the state of Karnataka, India...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979874/pilot-research-as-advocacy-the-case-of-sayana-press-in-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#16
Arsene Binanga, Jane T Bertrand
In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Ministry of Health authorizes only physicians and nurses to give injections, with one exception-medical and nursing students may also give injections if supervised by a clinical instructor. The emergence of the injectable contraceptive Sayana Press in some African countries prompted the DRC to test the acceptability and feasibility of distributing Sayana Press and other contraceptive methods at the community level through medical and nursing students. Sayana Press is similar in formulation to the injectable contraceptive Depo-Provera but contains a lower dose and is administered subcutaneously using a single-use syringe with a short needle called the Uniject system...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965266/indoor-residual-spraying-delivery-models-to-prevent-malaria-comparison-of-community-and-district-based-approaches-in-ethiopia
#17
Benjamin Johns, Yemane Yeebiyo Yihdego, Lena Kolyada, Dereje Dengela, Sheleme Chibsa, Gunawardena Dissanayake, Kristen George, Hiwot Solomon Taffese, Bradford Lucas
BACKGROUND: Indoor residual spraying (IRS) for malaria prevention has traditionally been implemented in Ethiopia by the district health office with technical and operational inputs from regional, zonal, and central health offices. The United States President's Malaria Initiative (PMI) in collaboration with the Government of Ethiopia tested the effectiveness and efficiency of integrating IRS into the government-funded community-based rural health services program. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2014, PMI conducted a mixed-methods study in 11 districts of Oromia region to compare district-based IRS (DB IRS) and community-based IRS (CB IRS) models...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965265/new-ways-of-approaching-indoor-residual-spraying-for-malaria
#18
EDITORIAL
Michael Macdonald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688720/use-of-the-world-health-organization-s-medical-eligibility-criteria-for-contraceptive-use-guidance-in-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Melissa J Chen, Mary E Gaffield, James Kiarie
Given recent updates to the postpartum contraception recommendations in the fifth edition of the Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (MEC), published by the World Health Organization (WHO), the purpose of this qualitative study was to assess the extent to which national family planning policies in sub-Saharan African countries are in agreement with the WHO MEC, particularly with regard to postpartum contraceptive use. WHO headquarters sent questionnaires to country-level focal points to complete with their Ministry of Health counterparts...
September 28, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688719/improving-the-quality-of-postabortion-care-services-in-togo-increased-uptake-of-contraception
#20
Stembile Mugore, Ntapi Tchiguiri K Kassouta, Boniface Sebikali, Laurel Lundstrom, Abdulmumin Saad
High-quality postabortion care (PAC) services that include family planning counseling and a full range of contraceptives at point of treatment for abortion complications have great potential to break the cycle of repeat unintended pregnancies and demand for abortions. We describe the first application of a systematic approach to quality improvement of PAC services in a West African country. This approach-IntraHealth International's Optimizing Performance and Quality (OPQ) approach-was applied at 5 health care facilities in Togo starting in November 2014...
September 28, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
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