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Global Health, Science and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928227/community-based-noncommunicable-disease-care-for-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#1
Stephen Sethi, Rebecka Jonsson, Rony Skaff, Frank Tyler
In the sixth year of the Syrian conflict, 11 million people have been displaced, including more than 1.1 million seeking refuge in Lebanon. Prior to the crisis, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) accounted for 80% of all deaths in Syria, and the underlying health behaviors such as tobacco use, obesity, and physical inactivity are still prevalent among Syrian refugees in Lebanon. Humanitarian agencies initially responded to the acute health care needs of refugees by delivering services to informal settlements via mobile medical clinics...
September 19, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899871/migration-experiences-and-reported-sexual-behavior-among-young-unmarried-female-migrants-in-changzhou-china
#2
Zhanhong Zong, Wenjian Yang, Xiaoming Sun, Jingshu Mao, Xingyu Shu, Norman Hearst
BACKGROUND: China has a large migrant population, including many young unmarried women. Little is known about their sexual behavior, contraceptive use, and risk of unintended pregnancy. METHODS: 475 unmarried female migrants aged 15-24, working in 1 of 6 factories in 2 districts of Changzhou city, completed an anonymous self-administered questionnaire in May 2012 on demographic characteristics, work and living situation, and health. We examined demographic and migration experience predictors of sexual and contraceptive behavior using bivariate and multivariate regressions...
September 12, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877933/upgrading-supply-chain-management-systems-to-improve-availability-of-medicines-in-tanzania-evaluation-of-performance-and-cost-effects
#3
Marasi Mwencha, James E Rosen, Cary Spisak, Noel Watson, Noela Kisoka, Happiness Mberesero
BACKGROUND: To address challenges in public health supply chain performance, Tanzania invested in a national logistics management unit (LMU) and a national electronic logistics management information system (eLMIS). This evaluation examined the impact of those 2 key management upgrades approximately 1 year after they were introduced. METHODS: We used a nonexperimental pre-post study design to compare the previous system with the upgraded management system. We collected baseline data from August to November 2013...
September 5, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855233/a-mobile-based-community-health-management-information-system-for-community-health-workers-and-their-supervisors-in-2-districts-of-zambia
#4
Godfrey Biemba, Boniface Chiluba, Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, Vichaels Silavwe, Karsten Lunze, Rodgers K Mwale, Scott Russpatrick, Davidson H Hamer
INTRODUCTION: Effective community health management information systems (C-HMIS) are important in low-resource countries that rely heavily on community-based health care providers. Zambia currently lacks a functioning C-HMIS to provide real-time, community-based health information from community health workers (CHWs) to health center staff and higher levels of the health system. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: We developed a C-HMIS mobile platform for use by CHWs providing integrated community case management (iCCM) services and their supervisors to address challenges of frequent stock-outs and inadequate supportive supervision of iCCM-trained CHWs...
August 30, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839113/geographic-access-modeling-of-emergency-obstetric-and-neonatal-care-in-kigoma-region-tanzania-transportation-schemes-and-programmatic-implications
#5
Yi No Chen, Michelle M Schmitz, Florina Serbanescu, Michelle M Dynes, Godson Maro, Michael R Kramer
BACKGROUND: Access to transportation is vital to reducing the travel time to emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) for managing complications and preventing adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. This study examines the distribution of travel times to EmONC in Kigoma Region, Tanzania, using various transportation schemes, to estimate the proportion of live births (a proxy indicator of women needing delivery care) with poor geographic access to EmONC services. METHODS: The 2014 Reproductive Health Survey of Kigoma Region identified 4 primary means of transportation used to travel to health facilities: walking, cycling, motorcycle, and 4-wheeled motor vehicle...
August 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765156/family-planning-in-the-context-of-latin-america-s-universal-health-coverage-agenda
#6
Thomas Fagan, Arin Dutta, James Rosen, Agathe Olivetti, Kate Klein
BACKGROUND: Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have substantially improved access to family planning over the past 50 years. Many have also recently adopted explicit declarations of universal rights to health and universal health coverage (UHC) and have begun implementing UHC-oriented health financing schemes. These schemes will have important implications for the sustainability and further growth of family planning programs throughout the region. METHODS: We examined the status of contraceptive methods in major health delivery and financing schemes in 9 LAC countries...
July 31, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751468/overcoming-operational-challenges-to-ebola-case-investigation-in-sierra-leone
#7
Samuel T Boland, Erin Polich, Allison Connolly, Adam Hoar, Tom Sesay, Ahn-Minh A Tran
The Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic that hit West Africa in 2013 was the worst outbreak of EVD in recorded history. While much has been published regarding the international and national-level EVD responses, there is a dearth of literature on district-level coordination and operational structures, successes, and failures. This article seeks to understand how the EVD response unfolded at the district level, namely the challenges to operationalizing EVD surveillance over the course of the outbreak in Port Loko and Kambia districts of Sierra Leone...
July 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724531/the-tobacco-free-village-program-helping-rural-areas-implement-and-achieve-goals-of-tobacco-control-policies-in-india
#8
Nilesh Chatterjee, Deepak Patil, Rajashree Kadam, Genevie Fernandes
India has 274 million tobacco users and a tobacco use prevalence of 38% in rural areas. Tobacco consumption causes 1 million deaths and costs the health system nearly US$23 billion annually. Tobacco control policies exist but lack proper implementation. In this article, we review the Tobacco-free Village (TfV) program conducted in Maharashtra state in India and describe its process to help villages in rural India achieve "tobacco-free" status (i.e., the sale and use of tobacco are prohibited by law). We reviewed program documents and conducted 22 qualitative interviews with program staff and village-level stakeholders...
July 19, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655806/cost-of-contraceptive-implant-removal-services-must-be-considered-when-responding-to-the-growing-demand-for-removals
#9
LETTER
Jill E Sergison, Randy M Stalter, Rebecca L Callahan, Kate H Rademacher, Markus J Steiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655805/challenges-of-implementing-antenatal-ultrasound-screening-in-a-rural-study-site-a-case-study-from-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#10
David Swanson, Adrien Lokangaka, Melissa Bauserman, Jonathan Swanson, Robert O Nathan, Antoinette Tshefu, Elizabeth M McClure, Carl L Bose, Ana Garces, Sarah Saleem, Elwyn Chomba, Fabian Esamai, Robert L Goldenberg
Persistent global disparities in maternal and neonatal outcomes and the emergence of compact ultrasound technology as an increasingly viable technology for low-resource settings provided the genesis of the First Look Ultrasound study. Initiated in 2014 in 5 low- and middle-income countries and completed in June 2016, the study's intervention included the training of health personnel to perform antenatal ultrasound screening and to refer women identified with high-risk pregnancies to hospitals for appropriate care...
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655804/inequitable-access-to-health-care-by-the-poor-in-community-based-health-insurance-programs-a-review-of-studies-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#11
REVIEW
Chukwuemeka A Umeh, Frank G Feeley
BACKGROUND: Out-of-pocket payments for health care services lead to decreased use of health services and catastrophic health expenditures. To reduce out-of-pocket payments and improve access to health care services, some countries have introduced community-based health insurance (CBHI) schemes, especially for those in rural communities or who work in the informal sector. However, there has been little focus on equity in access to health care services in CBHI schemes. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, African Journals OnLine, and Africa-Wide Information for studies published in English between 2000 and August 2014 that examined the effect of socioeconomic status on willingness to join and pay for CBHI, actual enrollment, use of health care services, and drop-out from CBHI...
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655803/increasing-access-to-family-planning-choices-through-public-sector-social-franchising-the-experience-of-marie-stopes-international-in-mali
#12
Judy Gold, Eva Burke, Boubacar Cissé, Anna Mackay, Gillian Eva, Brendan Hayes
BACKGROUND: Mali has one of the world's lowest contraceptive use rates and a high rate of unmet need for family planning. In order to increase access to and choice of quality family planning services, Marie Stopes International (MSI) Mali introduced social franchising in public-sector community health centers (referred to as CSCOMs in Mali) in 3 regions under the MSI brand BlueStar. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: Potential franchisees are generally identified from CSCOMs who have worked with MSI outreach teams; once accredited as franchisees, CSCOMs receive training, supervision, family planning consumables and commodities, and support for awareness raising and demand creation...
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655802/benefits-and-limitations-of-text-messages-to-stimulate-higher-learning-among-community-providers-participants-views-of-an-mhealth-intervention-to-support-continuing-medical-education-in-vietnam
#13
Lora L Sabin, Anna Larson Williams, Bao Ngoc Le, Augusta R Herman, Ha Viet Nguyen, Rebecca R Albanese, Wenjun Xiong, Hezekiah Oa Shobiye, Nafisa Halim, Lien Thi Ngoc Tran, Marion McNabb, Hai Hoang, Ariel Falconer, Tam Thi Thanh Nguyen, Christopher J Gill
BACKGROUND: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 2015 to evaluate a mobile continuing medical education (mCME) intervention that provided daily text messages to community-based physicians' assistants (CBPAs) in Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam. Although the intervention failed to improve medical knowledge over a 6-month period, a companion qualitative study provided insights on the views and experiences of intervention participants. METHODS: We conducted focus group discussions (FGDs) and in-depth interviews (IDIs) among participants randomized to receive text messages containing either simple medical facts or quiz questions...
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655801/the-betterbirth-program-pursuing-effective-adoption-and-sustained-use-of-the-who-safe-childbirth-checklist-through-coaching-based-implementation-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#14
Nabihah Kara, Rebecca Firestone, Tapan Kalita, Atul A Gawande, Vishwajeet Kumar, Bhala Kodkany, Rajiv Saurastri, Vinay Pratap Singh, Pinki Maji, Ami Karlage, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Katherine Ea Semrau
Shifting childbirth into facilities has not improved health outcomes for mothers and newborns as significantly as hoped. Improving the quality and safety of care provided during facility-based childbirth requires helping providers to adhere to essential birth practices-evidence-based behaviors that reduce harm to and save lives of mothers and newborns. To achieve this goal, we developed the BetterBirth Program, which we tested in a matched-pair, cluster-randomized controlled trial in Uttar Pradesh, India. The goal of this intervention was to improve adoption and sustained use of the World Health Organization Safe Childbirth Checklist (SCC), an organized collection of 28 essential birth practices that are known to improve the quality of facility-based childbirth care...
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655800/improving-adherence-to-essential-birth-practices-using-the-who-safe-childbirth-checklist-with-peer-coaching-experience-from-60-public-health-facilities-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#15
Megan Marx Delaney, Pinki Maji, Tapan Kalita, Nabihah Kara, Darpan Rana, Krishan Kumar, Jenny Masoinneuve, Simon Cousens, Atul A Gawande, Vishwajeet Kumar, Bhala Kodkany, Narender Sharma, Rajiv Saurastri, Vinay Pratap Singh, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Katherine Ea Semrau, Rebecca Firestone
BACKGROUND: Adherence to evidence-based essential birth practices is critical for improving health outcomes for mothers and newborns. The WHO Safe Childbirth Checklist (SCC) incorporates these practices, which occur during 4 critical pause points: on admission, before pushing (or cesarean delivery), soon after birth, and before discharge. A peer-coaching strategy to support consistent use of the SCC may be an effective approach to increase birth attendants' adherence to these practices...
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655799/integrated-person-centered-health-care-for-all-women-during-pregnancy-implementing-world-health-organization-recommendations-on-antenatal-care-for-a-positive-pregnancy-experience
#16
Sarah de Masi, Maurice Bucagu, Özge Tunçalp, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas, Theresa Lawrie, Olufemi T Oladapo, Metin Gülmezoglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655798/the-importance-of-mental-well-being-for-health-professionals-during-complex-emergencies-it-is-time-we-take-it-seriously
#17
Mary Surya, Dilshad Jaff, Barbara Stilwell, Johanna Schubert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655797/long-acting-hiv-treatment-and-prevention-closer-to-the-threshold
#18
EDITORIAL
Matthew Barnhart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655796/not-ready-for-primetime-challenges-of-antenatal-ultrasound-in-low-and-middle-income-country-settings
#19
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634193/design-improvements-for-personal-protective-equipment-used-in-ebola-and-other-epidemic-outbreaks
#20
Margaret Glancey, Patience Osei, William Alexander Patterson, Matthew Petney, Laura Scavo, Chandrakant Ruparelia, Soumyadipta Acharya, Youseph Yazdi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
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