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Global Health, Science and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743188/engaging-men-in-family-planning-perspectives-from-married-men-in-lom%C3%A3-togo
#1
Tekou B Koffi, Karen Weidert, Erakalaza Ouro Bitasse, Marthe Adjoko E Mensah, Jacques Emina, Sheila Mensah, Annette Bongiovanni, Ndola Prata
Family planning programs have made vast progress in many regions of sub-Saharan Africa in the last decade, but francophone West Africa is still lagging behind. More emphasis on male engagement might result in better outcomes, especially in countries with strong patriarchal societies. Few studies in francophone West Africa have examined attitudes of male involvement in family planning from the perspective of men themselves, yet this evidence is necessary for development of successful family planning projects that include men...
May 9, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559495/liftoff-the-blossoming-of-contraceptive-implant-use-in-africa
#2
Roy Jacobstein
This article draws from national surveys of every sub-Saharan African country with at least 1 recent survey published between 2015 and 2017 and 2 prior surveys from 2003 to 2014. Twelve countries comprising over 60% of the region's population met these inclusion criteria. The analysis considers recent and longer-term changes in 3 key variables: modern contraceptive prevalence rate (mCPR), method-specific prevalence, and a method's share of the current modern method mix. As recently as 2011, implant CPR in sub-Saharan Africa was only 1...
March 20, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540441/a-new-world-health-era
#3
Ariel Pablos-Méndez, Mario C Raviglione
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602875/update-of-marx-delaney-et-al-improving-adherence-to-essential-birth-practices-using-the-who-safe-childbirth-checklist-with-peer-coaching-experience-from-60-public-health-facilities-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#4
Megan Marx Delaney, Pinki Maji, Tapan Kalita, Nabihah Kara, Darpan Rana, Krishan Kumar, Jenny Masoinneuve, Simon Cousens, Atul A Gawande, Vishwajeet Kumar, Bhala Kodkany, Narender Sharma, Rajiv Saurastri, Vinay Pratap Singh, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Katherine Ea Semrau, Rebecca Firestone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602874/update-of-kara-et-al-the-betterbirth-program-pursuing-effective-adoption-and-sustained-use-of-the-who-safe-childbirth-checklist-through-coaching-based-implementation-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#5
Nabihah Kara, Rebecca Firestone, Tapan Kalita, Atul A Gawande, Vishwajeet Kumar, Bhala Kodkany, Rajiv Saurastri, Vinay Pratap Singh, Pinki Maji, Ami Karlage, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Katherine Ea Semrau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602873/yazidi-women-healing-the-invisible-wounds
#6
LETTER
Dilshad Jaff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602872/palm-oil-in-myanmar-a-spatiotemporal-analysis-of-the-effects-of-industrial-farming-on-biodiversity-loss
#7
Khristopher Nicholas, Jessica Fanzo, Kytt MacManus
BACKGROUND: Palm oil consumption is potentially deleterious to human health, and its production has resulted in 11 million hectares of deforestation globally. Importing roughly 394,000 metric tons of palm oil in 2012 alone, the Burmese government has recently pushed for intensive oil palm development to sate domestic demand for consumption and become international market players. Given well-studied linkages between biodiversity loss and ecosystem instability, this study aims to characterize the nature of deforestation for oil palm production in Myanmar, its relationship to increased biodiversity loss, and contextualize the potential impacts of this loss on diets and human health in rural Myanmar...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602871/effective-collaboration-for-scaling-up-health-technologies-a-case-study-of-the-chlorhexidine-for-umbilical-cord-care-experience
#8
Patricia S Coffey, Steve Hodgins, Amie Bishop
The global health field is replete with examples of cross-organizational collaborative partnerships, such as networks, alliances, coalitions, task forces, and working groups, often established to tackle a shared global health concern, condition, or threat affecting low-income countries or communities. The purpose of this article is to review factors influencing the effectiveness of a multi-agency global health collaborative effort using the Chlorhexidine Working Group (CWG) as our case study. The CWG was established to accelerate the introduction and global scale-up of chlorhexidine for umbilical cord care to reduce infection-related neonatal morbidity and mortality in low-income countries...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602870/using-program-data-to-improve-access-to-family-planning-and-enhance-the-method-mix-in-conflict-affected-areas-of-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#9
Lara S Ho, Erin Wheeler
Unmet need for family planning in the conflict-affected area of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been reported to be as high as 38%, and women in such conflict settings are often the most at risk for maternal mortality. The International Rescue Committee implements the Family Planning and Post-Abortion Care in Emergencies program in 3 provinces of eastern DRC to provide women and couples access to family planning, including long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs). This article presents routine program data from June 2011 through December 2013 from 2 health zones as well as results from a qualitative assessment of family planning clients and of male and female non-users, conducted in 2013...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602869/evolution-and-resistance-to-sexuality-education-in-mexico
#10
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Lucia Gómez Garbero, Marina Plesons, Iliana Lang, Esther Corona Vargas
BACKGROUND: Since the 1930s, Mexico has made substantial progress in providing adolescents with sexuality education through an evolving national school-based program. As part of a broader effort to document strategies to build support for and deal with resistance to sexuality education, this analysis uses a historical lens to answer 2 key questions: (1) How has the nature of sexuality education in Mexico evolved from the 1930s to the 2010s? (2) How have the drivers, responses, support, and resistance to sexuality education impacted Mexico's experience implementing and sustaining school-based sexuality education? METHODS: The analysis was informed by a review of peer-reviewed and gray literature as well as the personal experience and documents of one of the authors, who has played a central role in Mexico's sexuality education effort for 50 years...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602868/community-based-management-of-acute-malnutrition-to-reduce-wasting-in-urban-informal-settlements-of-mumbai-india-a-mixed-methods-evaluation
#11
Neena Shah More, Anagha Waingankar, Sudha Ramani, Sheila Chanani, Vanessa D'Souza, Shanti Pantvaidya, Armida Fernandez, Anuja Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: We evaluated an adaptation of a large-scale community-based management of acute malnutrition program run by an NGO with government partnerships, in informal settlements of Mumbai, India. The program aimed to reduce the prevalence of wasting among children under age 3 and covered a population of approximately 300,000. METHODS: This study used a mixed-methods approach including a quasi-experimental design to compare prevalence estimates of wasting in intervention areas with neighboring informal settlements...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602867/medical-education-partnership-initiative-mepi-in-zimbabwe-outcomes-and-challenges
#12
James G Hakim, Midion M Chidzonga, Margaret Z Borok, Kusum J Nathoo, Jonathan Matenga, Edward Havranek, Frances Cowan, Melanie Abas, Eva Aagaard, Susan Connors, Sanele Nkomani, Chiratidzo E Ndhlovu, Antony Matsika, Michele Barry, Thomas B Campbell
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa has an inadequate number of health professionals, leading to a reduced capacity to respond to health challenges, including HIV/AIDS. From 2010 to 2015, the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI)-sponsored by the U.S. Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-was enthusiastically taken up by the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences (UZCHS) and 12 other sub-Saharan African universities to develop models of training to improve medical education and research capacity...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602866/expanding-access-to-injectable-contraception-results-from-pilot-introduction-of-subcutaneous-depot-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-dmpa-sc-in-4-african-countries
#13
Anna Stout, Siri Wood, George Barigye, Alain Kaboré, Daouda Siddo, Ida Ndione
PATH partnered with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and country ministries of health (MOHs) to coordinate pilot introductions of subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (subcutaneous DMPA or DMPA-SC, brand name Sayana Press) in Burkina Faso, Niger, Senegal, and Uganda from July 2014 through June 2016 in order to expand the range of methods available to women, particularly in remote locations. The pilot introductions aimed to answer key questions that would inform decisions about future investments in DMPA-SC and scaling up product availability and service-delivery innovations nationally...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602865/family-planning-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-encouraging-momentum-formidable-challenges
#14
REVIEW
Dieudonné Kwete, Arsene Binanga, Thibaut Mukaba, Théophile Nemuandjare, Muanda Fidele Mbadu, Marie-Thérèse Kyungu, Perri Sutton, Jane T Bertrand
Momentum for family planning in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is evident in multiple ways: strong political will, increasing donor support, a growing number of implementing organizations, innovative family planning programming, and a cohesive family planning stakeholder group. Between 2013 and 2017, the modern contraceptive prevalence rate (mCPR) in the capital city of Kinshasa increased from 18.5% to 26.7% among married women, but as of 2013-14, it was only 7.8% at the national level. The National Multisectoral Strategic Plan for Family Planning: 2014-2020 calls for achieving an mCPR of 19...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602864/human-resources-for-health-the-best-learning-the-best-skill-mix-and-the-most-impact
#15
EDITORIAL
James D Shelton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602863/the-coming-of-age-of-subcutaneous-injectable-contraception
#16
EDITORIAL
Kimberly Cole, Abdulmumin Saad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496734/let-s-stop-trying-to-quantify-household-vulnerability-the-problem-with-simple-scales-for-targeting-and-evaluating-economic-strengthening-programs
#17
Whitney M Moret
INTRODUCTION: Economic strengthening practitioners are increasingly seeking data collection tools that will help them target households vulnerable to HIV and poor child well-being outcomes, match households to appropriate interventions, monitor their status, and determine readiness for graduation from project support. This article discusses efforts in 3 countries to develop simple, valid tools to quantify and classify economic vulnerability status. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In Côte d'Ivoire, we conducted a cross-sectional survey with 3,749 households to develop a scale based on the definition of HIV-related economic vulnerability from the U...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467167/can-family-planning-service-statistics-be-used-to-track-population-level-outcomes
#18
Robert J Magnani, John Ross, Jessica Williamson, Michelle Weinberger
The need for annual family planning program tracking data under the Family Planning 2020 (FP2020) initiative has contributed to renewed interest in family planning service statistics as a potential data source for annual estimates of the modern contraceptive prevalence rate (mCPR). We sought to assess (1) how well a set of commonly recorded data elements in routine service statistics systems could, with some fairly simple adjustments, track key population-level outcome indicators, and (2) whether some data elements performed better than others...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444802/building-support-for-adolescent-sexuality-and-reproductive-health-education-and-responding-to-resistance-in-conservative-contexts-cases-from-pakistan
#19
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Marina Plesons, Sheena Hadi, Qadeer Baig, Iliana Lang
BACKGROUND: Despite international recommendations and supportive evidence, there are few examples of scaled-up and sustained programs to provide adolescents with sexuality education. Moreover, despite acknowledgment that building community support and responding to resistance are key challenges, there is a lack of detailed discussion on specific programmatic strategies to address these issues. OBJECTIVES: This article reviews the work of 2 organizations-Aahung and Rutgers Pakistan-that are successfully implementing large-scale sexuality education programs in Pakistan, collectively reaching more than 500,000 students...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386327/positive-influence-of-behavior-change-communication-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-for-visceral-leishmaniasis-kala-azar-in-india
#20
Raghavan Srinivasan, Tanwir Ahmad, Vidya Raghavan, Manisha Kaushik, Ramakant Pathak
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is endemic to 54 districts in 4 states of India. Poor awareness of the disease and inappropriate health-seeking behavior are major challenges to eliminating the disease. Between February 2016 and March 2017, we implemented a behavior change communication (BCC) intervention in 33 districts of Bihar, 4 districts of Jharkhand, and 3 districts of West Bengal using a mix of channels, including group and interpersonal communication, to improve knowledge, attitudes, and practices of communities, frontline health workers, and opinion leaders...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
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