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Global Health, Science and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298339/can-we-expect-results-based-financing-to-improve-quality-of-care
#1
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298338/quality-of-care-in-performance-based-financing-how-it-is-incorporated-in-32-programs-across-28-countries
#2
REVIEW
Jessica Gergen, Erik Josephson, Martha Coe, Samantha Ski, Supriya Madhavan, Sebastian Bauhoff
OBJECTIVE: To describe how quality of care is incorporated into performance-based financing (PBF) programs, what quality indicators are being used, and how these indicators are measured and verified. METHODS: An exploratory scoping methodology was used to characterize the full range of quality components in 32 PBF programs, initiated between 2008 and 2015 in 28 low- and middle-income countries, totaling 68 quality tools and 8,490 quality indicators. The programs were identified through a review of the peer-reviewed and gray literature as well as through expert consultation with key donor representatives...
March 15, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275087/community-health-workers-as-social-marketers-of-injectable-contraceptives-a-case-study-from-ethiopia
#3
REVIEW
Karen Weidert, Amanuel Gessessew, Suzanne Bell, Hagos Godefay, Ndola Prata
Ethiopia has made notable progress in increasing awareness and knowledge of family planning and is considered a success story among funders and program planners. Yet unmet need among rural women (28.6%) is almost double that of urban women (15.5%), with a wide gap in total fertility rate depending on urban (2.6) or rural (5.5) residence. This study investigates the impact of a service delivery model that combines community-based distribution (CBD) of contraception with social marketing in Tigray, Ethiopia, to create a more sustainable approach to CBD...
March 8, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232368/youth-voucher-program-in-madagascar-increases-access-to-voluntary-family-planning-and-sti-services-for-young-people
#4
Eva Burke, Judy Gold, Lalaina Razafinirinasoa, Anna Mackay
BACKGROUND: Young people often express a preference for seeking family planning information and services from the private sector. However, in many Marie Stopes International (MSI) social franchise networks, the proportion of young clients, and particularly those under 20 years of age, remains low. Marie Stopes Madagascar (MSM) piloted a youth voucher program that joins a supply-side intervention-youth-friendly social franchisee training and quality monitoring-with a corresponding demand-side-component, free vouchers that reduce financial barriers to family planning access for young people...
February 23, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193721/women-s-limited-choice-and-availability-of-modern-contraception-at-retail-outlets-and-public-sector-facilities-in-luanda-angola-2012-2015
#5
Benjamin Nieto-Andrade, Eva Fidel, Rebecca Simmons, Dana Sievers, Anya Fedorova, Suzanne Bell, Karen Weidert, Ndola Prata
In Angola, many women want to use family planning but lack access to affordable and preferred methods. This article assesses the link between women's choice and availability of contraceptive methods in Luanda, Angola, drawing on data from 3 surveys: a 2012 survey among women ages 15-49 and 2 retail surveys conducted in 2014 and 2015 among outlets and facilities offering contraceptive methods. Descriptive statistics for women's contraceptive knowledge, use, and preferred methods were stratified by age group...
February 13, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179370/comparing-women-s-contraceptive-preferences-with-their-choices-in-5-urban-family-planning-clinics-in-ghana
#6
Sarah D Rominski, Emmanuel Sk Morhe, Ernest Maya, Abukar Manu, Vanessa K Dalton
BACKGROUND: Concern about contraceptive side effects is a common reason reported by women for not using contraception or discontinuing use. We sought to characterize women's preferences related to method characteristics and side effects and to examine whether their adopted method was consistent with their stated preferences. METHODS: Between June 1, 2015, and August 31, 2015, we surveyed women attending 5 urban family planning clinics in Kumasi and Accra, Ghana, before and after their counseling sessions...
February 8, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351884/possible-reasons-for-limited-effectiveness-of-a-skills-and-drills-intervention-to-improve-emergency-obstetric-and-newborn-care
#7
LETTER
Helen A Allott, Helen Smith, Terry Kana, Mselenge Mdegela, Sarah Bar-Zeev, Charles Ameh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351883/american-mock-world-health-organization-an-innovative-model-for-student-engagement-in-global-health-policy
#8
Mia Lei, Neha Acharya, Edith Kwok Man Lee, Emma Catherine Holcomb, Veronica Kapoor
The American Mock World Health Organization (AMWHO) is a model for experiential-based learning and student engagement in global health diplomacy. AMWHO was established in 2014 at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill with a mission to engage students in health policy by providing a simulation of the World Health Assembly (WHA), the policy-forming body of the World Health Organization that sets norms and transforms the global health agenda. AMWHO conferences are designed to allow students to take their knowledge of global health beyond the classroom and practice their skills in diplomacy by assuming the role of WHA delegates throughout a 3-day weekend...
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351882/rahi-sathi-indo-u-s-collaboration-the-evolution-of-a-trainee-led-twinning-model-in-global-health-into-a-multidisciplinary-collaborative-program
#9
Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Abraham Jaffe, Shyamsundar Raithatha, Nitin Raithatha, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt, Jagdish Vankar, Michael Chin, Ajay G Phatak, Shirish Srivastava, David D McManus, Eileen O'Keefe, Harshil Patel, Niket Patel, Dharti Patel, Michaela Tracey, Jasmine A Khubchandani, Haley Newman, Allison Earon, Hannah Rosenfield, Anna Handorf, Brittany Novak, John Bostrom, Anindita Deb, Soaham Desai, Dipen Patel, Archana Nimbalkar, Kandarp Talati, Milagros Rosal, Patricia McQuilkin, Himanshu Pandya, Heena P Santry, Sunil Thanvi, Utpala Kharod, Melissa Fischer, Jeroan Allison, Somashekhar M Nimbalkar
BACKGROUND: In recent years there has been a surge in the number of global health programs operated by academic institutions. However, most of the existing programs describe partnerships that are primarily faculty-driven and supported by extramural funding. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: Research and Advocacy for Health in India (RAHI, or "pathfinder" in Hindi) and Support and Action Towards Health-Equity in India (SATHI, or "partnership" in Hindi) are 2 interconnected, collaborative efforts between the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS) and Charutar Arogya Mandal (CAM), a medical college and a tertiary care center in rural western India...
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351881/mjustice-preliminary-development-of-a-mobile-app-for-medical-forensic-documentation-of-sexual-violence-in-low-resource-environments-and-conflict-zones
#10
Ranit Mishori, Michael Anastario, Karen Naimer, Sucharita Varanasi, Hope Ferdowsian, Dori Abel, Kevin Chugh
Digital health development and use has been expansive and operationalized in a variety of settings and modalities around the world, including in low- and middle-income countries. Mobile applications have been developed for a variety of health professionals and frontline health workers including physicians, midwives, nurses, and community health workers. However, there are no published studies on the development and use of digital health related to human rights fieldwork and to our knowledge no mobile health platforms exist specifically for use by frontline health workers to forensically and clinically document sexual violence...
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351880/preventing-peer-violence-against-children-methods-and-baseline-data-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-pakistan
#11
Judith McFarlane, Rozina Karmaliani, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Saleema Gulzar, Rozina Somani, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Yasmeen H Somani, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Ryan D Krone, Rene M Paulson, Atta Muhammad, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Violence against and among children is a global public health problem that annually affects 50% of youth worldwide with major impacts on child development, education, and health including increased probability of major causes of morbidity and mortality in adulthood. It is also associated with the experience of and perpetration of later violence against women. The aim of this article is to describe the intervention, study design, methods, and baseline findings of a cluster randomized controlled trial underway in Pakistan to evaluate a school-based play intervention aiming to reduce peer violence and enhance mental health...
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351879/a-non-gas-based-cryotherapy-system-for-the-treatment-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-a-mixed-methods-approach-for-initial-development-and-testing
#12
Miriam Cremer, Proma Paul, Katie Bergman, Michael Haas, Mauricio Maza, Albert Zevallos, Miguel Ossandon, Jillian D Garai, Jennifer L Winkler
BACKGROUND: Gas-based cryotherapy is the most widely used treatment strategy for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in low-resource settings, but reliance on gas presents challenges in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Our team adapted the original CryoPen Cryosurgical System, a cryotherapy device that does not require compressed gas and is powered by electricity, for use in LMICs. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach was used involving both qualitative and quantitative methods...
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351878/excellent-family-planning-progress-in-nigeria-reported-by-pma2020
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351877/cdc-s-male-circumcision-recommendations-represent-a-key-public-health-measure
#14
Brian J Morris, John N Krieger, Jeffrey D Klausner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351876/-new-users-are-confusing-our-counting-reaching-consensus-on-how-to-measure-additional-users-of-family-planning
#15
Aisha Dasgupta, Michelle Weinberger, Ben Bellows, Win Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351875/winners-of-the-consortium-of-universities-for-global-health-global-health-science-and-practice-annual-student-manuscript-contest
#16
EDITORIAL
James D Shelton, Pierre Buekens, Elizabeth Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126970/strategies-for-optimal-implementation-of-simulated-clients-for-measuring-quality-of-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#17
Anne Fitzpatrick, Katherine Tumlinson
The use of simulated clients or "mystery clients" is a data collection approach in which a study team member presents at a health care facility or outlet pretending to be a real customer, patient, or client. Following the visit, the shopper records her observations. The use of mystery clients can overcome challenges of obtaining accurate measures of health care quality and improve the validity of quality assessments, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. However, mystery client studies should be carefully designed and monitored to avoid problems inherent to this data collection approach...
January 26, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031307/zika-travel-policies-may-reduce-women-s-leadership-in-global-health
#18
LETTER
Emma Richardson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031306/an-implementer-s-perspective-on-vouchers-for-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#19
LETTER
Matthew Wilson, Caitlin Mazzilli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031305/qualitative-assessment-of-the-application-of-a-discrete-choice-experiment-with-community-health-workers-in-uganda-aligning-incentives-with-preferences
#20
Aurélie Brunie, Mario Chen, Angela Akol
BACKGROUND: Maximizing the benefits of community health worker (CHW) programs requires strategies for improving motivation, performance, and retention. Discrete choice experiments (DCE) are increasingly used to inform policy response to health workforce shortages in rural areas, and may be of value in the context of CHW programs. Participants are presented with pairs of hypothetical jobs that are described by job attributes with varying levels and are asked what their preferred job is within each pair...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
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