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Global Health, Science and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963179/putting-consumers-at-the-center-in-a-context-of-limited-choice-and-availability-of-modern-contraception-in-luanda-angola-authors-response-to-assessing-angola-s-contraceptive-market-landscape
#1
LETTER
Benjamin Nieto-Andrade, Eva Fidel, Rebecca Simmons, Dana Sievers, Anya Fedorova, Suzanne Bell, Karen Weidert, Ndola Prata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963178/the-collapse-of-the-price-of-oil-and-the-importance-of-fair-market-competition-and-optimizing-public-and-private-resources-assessing-angola-s-contraceptive-market-landscape
#2
LETTER
Denise L Harrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963177/infant-feeding-policy-and-programming-during-the-2014-2015-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-sierra-leone
#3
Amelia Brandt, Óscar Serrano Oria, Mustapha Kallon, Alessandra N Bazzano
Optimal breastfeeding is of vital importance to infant and child health and has been adopted by countries as a standard recommendation. However, in the context of an infectious disease outbreak, especially when the disease is poorly understood, policy makers must balance the benefits of breastfeeding against the risk of disease transmission through breastfeeding. During the 2014-2015 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in Sierra Leone, the development of correct and consistent messaging about infant feeding and nutrition programming was considerably delayed by numerous challenges...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963176/from-albania-to-zimbabwe-surveying-10-years-of-summer-field-experiences-at-the-rollins-school-of-public-health
#4
Evelyn L Howatt Donahoe, Roger W Rochat, Deborah McFarland, Carlos Del Rio
The objective of this article is to describe summer field experiences at the Rollins School of Public Health. An online survey was conducted among Master of Public Health students returning from summer field experiences. We used printed reports from 2004-2012 and original survey data from 2010-2013 to perform a trend analysis using correlation analysis and linear regression. We found that our students have worked for more than 300 organizations in 84 countries. The average cost of a summer field experience fluctuated around US$3,500, with students receiving an average of US$2,180 in funding...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963175/increasing-contraceptive-access-for-hard-to-reach-populations-with-vouchers-and-social-franchising-in-uganda
#5
Benjamin Bellows, Anna Mackay, Antonia Dingle, Richard Tuyiragize, William Nnyombi, Aisha Dasgupta
From 2001 to 2011, modern contraceptive prevalence in Uganda increased from 18% to 26%. However, modern method use, in particular use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) and permanent methods (PMs), remained low. In the 2011 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey, only 1 of 5 married women used a LARC or PM even though 34% indicated an unmet need for contraception. Between 2011 and 2014, a social franchise and family planning voucher program, supporting 400 private facilities to provide family planning counseling and broaden contraceptive choice by adding LARCs and PMs to the service mix, offered a voucher to enable poor women to access family planning services at franchised facilities...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963174/large-scale-evaluation-of-quality-of-care-in-6-countries-of-eastern-europe-and-central-asia-using-clinical-performance-and-value-vignettes
#6
John W Peabody, Lisa DeMaria, Owen Smith, Angela Hoth, Edmond Dragoti, Jeff Luck
BACKGROUND: A significant determinant of population health outcomes is the quality of care provided for noncommunicable diseases, obstetric, and pediatric care. We present results on clinical practice quality in these areas as measured among nearly 4,000 providers working at more than 1,000 facilities in 6 Eastern European and Central Asian countries. METHODS: This study was conducted between March 2011 and April 2013 in Albania, Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kirov Province in Russia, and Tajikistan...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963173/national-assessment-of-data-quality-and-associated-systems-level-factors-in-malawi
#7
Richael O'Hagan, Melissa A Marx, Karen E Finnegan, Patrick Naphini, Kumbukani Ng'ambi, Kingsley Laija, Emily Wilson, Lois Park, Sautso Wachepa, Joseph Smith, Lewis Gombwa, Amos Misomali, Tiope Mleme, Simeon Yosefe
BACKGROUND: Routine health data can guide health systems improvements, but poor quality of these data hinders use. To address concerns about data quality in Malawi, the Ministry of Health and National Statistical Office conducted a data quality assessment (DQA) in July 2016 to identify systems-level factors that could be improved. METHODS: We used 2-stage stratified random sampling methods to select health centers and hospitals under Ministry of Health auspices, included those managed by faith-based entities, for this DQA...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963172/using-data-to-improve-programs-assessment-of-a-data-quality-and-use-intervention-package-for-integrated-community-case-management-in-malawi
#8
Elizabeth Hazel, Emmanuel Chimbalanga, Tiyese Chimuna, Humphreys Nsona, Angella Mtimuni, Ernest Kaludzu, Kate Gilroy, Tanya Guenther
Health Surveillance Assistants (HSAs) have been providing integrated community case management (iCCM) for sick children in Malawi since 2008. HSAs report monthly iCCM program data but, at the time of this study, little of it was being used for service improvement. Additionally, HSAs and facility health workers did not have the tools to compile and visualize the data they collected to make evidence-based program decisions. From 2012 to 2013, we worked with Ministry of Health staff and partners to develop and pilot a program in Dowa and Kasungu districts to improve data quality and use at the health worker level...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963171/implementing-maternal-death-surveillance-and-response-in-kenya-incremental-progress-and-lessons-learned
#9
Helen Smith, Charles Ameh, Pamela Godia, Judith Maua, Kigen Bartilol, Patrick Amoth, Matthews Mathai, Nynke van den Broek
Maternal death surveillance and response (MDSR) constitutes a quality improvement approach to identify how many maternal deaths occur, what the underlying causes of death and associated factors are, and how to implement actions to reduce the number of preventable stillbirths and maternal and neonatal deaths. This requires a coordinated approach, ensuring both national- and district-level stakeholders are enabled and supported and can implement MDSR in a "no name, no blame" environment. This field action report from Kenya provides an example of how MDSR can be implemented in a "real-life" setting by summarizing the experiences and challenges faced thus far by maternal death assessors and Ministry of Health representatives in implementing MDSR...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963170/seeking-synchrony-between-family-planning-and-immunization-a-week-10-dmpa-start-option-for-breastfeeding-mothers
#10
John Stanback
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963169/routine-health-facility-and-community-information-systems-creating-an-information-use-culture
#11
EDITORIAL
Theo Lippeveld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963168/maternal-death-surveillance-and-response-a-tall-order-for-effectiveness-in-resource-poor-settings
#12
EDITORIAL
Marge Koblinsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928227/community-based-noncommunicable-disease-care-for-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#13
Stephen Sethi, Rebecka Jonsson, Rony Skaff, Frank Tyler
In the sixth year of the Syrian conflict, 11 million people have been displaced, including more than 1.1 million seeking refuge in Lebanon. Prior to the crisis, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) accounted for 80% of all deaths in Syria, and the underlying health behaviors such as tobacco use, obesity, and physical inactivity are still prevalent among Syrian refugees in Lebanon. Humanitarian agencies initially responded to the acute health care needs of refugees by delivering services to informal settlements via mobile medical clinics...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899871/migration-experiences-and-reported-sexual-behavior-among-young-unmarried-female-migrants-in-changzhou-china
#14
Zhanhong Zong, Wenjian Yang, Xiaoming Sun, Jingshu Mao, Xingyu Shu, Norman Hearst
BACKGROUND: China has a large migrant population, including many young unmarried women. Little is known about their sexual behavior, contraceptive use, and risk of unintended pregnancy. METHODS: 475 unmarried female migrants aged 15-24, working in 1 of 6 factories in 2 districts of Changzhou city, completed an anonymous self-administered questionnaire in May 2012 on demographic characteristics, work and living situation, and health. We examined demographic and migration experience predictors of sexual and contraceptive behavior using bivariate and multivariate regressions...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877933/upgrading-supply-chain-management-systems-to-improve-availability-of-medicines-in-tanzania-evaluation-of-performance-and-cost-effects
#15
Marasi Mwencha, James E Rosen, Cary Spisak, Noel Watson, Noela Kisoka, Happiness Mberesero
BACKGROUND: To address challenges in public health supply chain performance, Tanzania invested in a national logistics management unit (LMU) and a national electronic logistics management information system (eLMIS). This evaluation examined the impact of those 2 key management upgrades approximately 1 year after they were introduced. METHODS: We used a nonexperimental pre-post study design to compare the previous system with the upgraded management system. We collected baseline data from August to November 2013...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855233/a-mobile-based-community-health-management-information-system-for-community-health-workers-and-their-supervisors-in-2-districts-of-zambia
#16
Godfrey Biemba, Boniface Chiluba, Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, Vichaels Silavwe, Karsten Lunze, Rodgers K Mwale, Scott Russpatrick, Davidson H Hamer
INTRODUCTION: Effective community health management information systems (C-HMIS) are important in low-resource countries that rely heavily on community-based health care providers. Zambia currently lacks a functioning C-HMIS to provide real-time, community-based health information from community health workers (CHWs) to health center staff and higher levels of the health system. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: We developed a C-HMIS mobile platform for use by CHWs providing integrated community case management (iCCM) services and their supervisors to address challenges of frequent stock-outs and inadequate supportive supervision of iCCM-trained CHWs...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839113/geographic-access-modeling-of-emergency-obstetric-and-neonatal-care-in-kigoma-region-tanzania-transportation-schemes-and-programmatic-implications
#17
Yi No Chen, Michelle M Schmitz, Florina Serbanescu, Michelle M Dynes, Godson Maro, Michael R Kramer
BACKGROUND: Access to transportation is vital to reducing the travel time to emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) for managing complications and preventing adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. This study examines the distribution of travel times to EmONC in Kigoma Region, Tanzania, using various transportation schemes, to estimate the proportion of live births (a proxy indicator of women needing delivery care) with poor geographic access to EmONC services. METHODS: The 2014 Reproductive Health Survey of Kigoma Region identified 4 primary means of transportation used to travel to health facilities: walking, cycling, motorcycle, and 4-wheeled motor vehicle...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765156/family-planning-in-the-context-of-latin-america-s-universal-health-coverage-agenda
#18
Thomas Fagan, Arin Dutta, James Rosen, Agathe Olivetti, Kate Klein
BACKGROUND: Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have substantially improved access to family planning over the past 50 years. Many have also recently adopted explicit declarations of universal rights to health and universal health coverage (UHC) and have begun implementing UHC-oriented health financing schemes. These schemes will have important implications for the sustainability and further growth of family planning programs throughout the region. METHODS: We examined the status of contraceptive methods in major health delivery and financing schemes in 9 LAC countries...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751468/overcoming-operational-challenges-to-ebola-case-investigation-in-sierra-leone
#19
Samuel T Boland, Erin Polich, Allison Connolly, Adam Hoar, Tom Sesay, Anh-Minh A Tran
The Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic that hit West Africa in 2013 was the worst outbreak of EVD in recorded history. While much has been published regarding the international and national-level EVD responses, there is a dearth of literature on district-level coordination and operational structures, successes, and failures. This article seeks to understand how the EVD response unfolded at the district level, namely the challenges to operationalizing EVD surveillance over the course of the outbreak in Port Loko and Kambia districts of Sierra Leone...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724531/the-tobacco-free-village-program-helping-rural-areas-implement-and-achieve-goals-of-tobacco-control-policies-in-india
#20
Nilesh Chatterjee, Deepak Patil, Rajashree Kadam, Genevie Fernandes
India has 274 million tobacco users and a tobacco use prevalence of 38% in rural areas. Tobacco consumption causes 1 million deaths and costs the health system nearly US$23 billion annually. Tobacco control policies exist but lack proper implementation. In this article, we review the Tobacco-free Village (TfV) program conducted in Maharashtra state in India and describe its process to help villages in rural India achieve "tobacco-free" status (i.e., the sale and use of tobacco are prohibited by law). We reviewed program documents and conducted 22 qualitative interviews with program staff and village-level stakeholders...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
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