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CMAJ Open

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526704/elder-women-s-perceptions-around-optimal-perinatal-health-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-study-with-an-indigenous-community-in-southern-ontario
#1
Sujane Kandasamy, Meredith Vanstone, Mark Oremus, Trista Hill, Gita Wahi, Julie Wilson, A Darlene Davis, Ruby Jacobs, Rebecca Anglin, Sonia Savitri Anand
BACKGROUND: Women play important roles in translating health knowledge, particularly around pregnancy and birth, in Indigenous societies. We investigated elder Indigenous women's perceptions around optimal perinatal health. METHODS: Using a methodological framework that integrated a constructivist grounded-theory approach with an Indigenous epistemology, we conducted and analyzed in-depth interviews and focus groups with women from the Six Nations community in southern Ontario who self-identified as grandmothers...
May 18, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522680/geographic-clustering-of-emergency-department-presentations-for-acute-coronary-syndromes-and-heart-failure-in-alberta-a-population-based-study
#2
Rhonda J Rosychuk, Brian H Rowe, Finlay A McAlister
BACKGROUND: Collectively, the most common acute cardiac presentations to emergency departments are acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) and heart failure. We examined geographic variation and clustering in emergency department presentations by adults for ACS or heart failure in Alberta in 2010/11. METHODS: All emergency department presentations for ACS or heart failure made by Alberta residents aged 35 years or more during 2010/11 were extracted from 5 linked population-based Alberta administrative health databases...
May 18, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506972/career-and-research-outcomes-of-the-physician-scientist-training-program-at-the-university-of-calgary-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Jason T Bau, Alexandra D Frolkis, Nabeela Nathoo, Bryan G Yipp, Morley D Hollenberg, Paul L Beck
BACKGROUND: Physician-scientists are integral to medical research, with medical programs throughout Canada invested in training hybrid physician-scientists. Few data exist as to whether these programs are generating the diversity, gender equity and numbers of trainees essential for the future of medical research and teaching. We aimed to identify factors that contribute to research productivity, diversity and retention of individuals as physician-scientists. METHODS: We completed a retrospective cohort study, for the period 1973 to 2015, of the University of Calgary Leaders in Medicine Program in Calgary, Alberta...
May 15, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515137/under-the-influence-examination-of-prevalence-and-correlates-of-alcohol-and-marijuana-consumption-in-relation-to-youth-driving-and-passenger-behaviours-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Leia M Minaker, Aaron Bonham, Tara Elton-Marshall, Cesar Leos-Toro, T Cameron Wild, David Hammond
BACKGROUND: Consequences of alcohol- and drug-impaired driving affect youth disproportionately. We describe individual- and area-level characteristics associated with risky driving and passenger behaviours among grade 9-12 students in Canada. METHODS: The 2014-2015 Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drug Survey was administered to 24 650 students in provincially generalizable samples. Dichotomous outcomes included ever and last-30-day driving after drinking alcohol, ever and last-30-day driving after using marijuana, and ever and last-30-day reporting of being a passenger with a driver who had been drinking or using marijuana...
May 12, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495938/allergen-immunotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-or-asthma-an-umbrella-review
#5
Jesse Elliott, Shannon E Kelly, Amy Johnston, Becky Skidmore, Tara Gomes, George A Wells
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis and asthma are important public health concerns, yet there is no consensus about the benefits and harms of allergen-specific immunotherapy to treat these conditions. We performed an umbrella review of systematic reviews summarizing the current evidence for the benefits and harms of subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT). METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Library and the grey literature from Jan...
May 10, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487349/patient-centred-innovations-for-persons-with-multimorbidity-funded-evaluation-protocol
#6
Moira Stewart, Martin Fortin
BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of multimorbidity necessitates rethinking of the health care system. The overarching goal of the Patient-Centred Innovations for Persons with Multimorbidity program is to build on existing structures and find and evaluate patient-centred innovations relevant to multimorbidity. METHODS: We describe the protocol for a proposed multijurisdictional (Quebec and Ontario) concurrent triangulation mixed-methods study. In both provinces, a qualitative descriptive study will be used to explore innovations in patient-centred multimorbidity care...
May 9, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483785/association-between-interpersonal-continuity-of-care-and-medication-adherence-in-type-2-diabetes-an-observational-cohort-study
#7
Anara Richi Dossa, Jocelyne Moisan, Line Guénette, Sophie Lauzier, Jean-Pierre Grégoire
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have shown that, compared to patients with a low level of interpersonal continuity of care, patients with a high level of continuity of care have a lower likelihood of hospital admission and emergency department visits, and a higher likelihood of patient satisfaction. We sought to determine whether higher levels of continuity of care are associated with medication persistence and compliance among new users of oral antidiabetic treatment. METHODS: We conducted a medicoadministrative cohort study of new users of oral antidiabetics aged 18 years or more among people covered by the Quebec public drug plan...
May 8, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476877/incidence-of-clinically-relevant-medication-errors-in-the-era-of-electronically-prepopulated-medication-reconciliation-forms-a-retrospective-chart-review
#8
Kaitlin R Stockton, Maeve E Wickham, Simon Lai, Katherin Badke, Karen Dahri, Diane Villanyi, Vi Ho, Corinne M Hohl
BACKGROUND: To reduce medication discrepancies (unintended differences between a patient's outpatient and inpatient medication regimens), Canadian institutions have implemented medication reconciliation forms that are prepopulated with outpatient medication dispensing data. These may prompt prescribers to reorder discontinued medications or continue newly contraindicated medications. Our objective was to evaluate the incidence of medication discrepancies and errors of commission after the implementation of such forms...
May 5, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490426/health-care-needs-and-use-of-health-care-services-among-newly-arrived-syrian-refugees-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Anna Oda, Andrew Tuck, Branka Agic, Michaela Hynie, Brenda Roche, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Canada welcomed 33 723 Syrian refugees between November 2015 and November 2016. This paper reports the results of a rapid assessment of health care needs and use of health care services among newly arrived Syrian refugees in Toronto. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Toronto among Syrian refugees aged 18 years or more who had been in Canada for 12 months or less. Participants were recruited initially through distribution of flyers in hotels and through direct referrals and communication with community and settlement agency partners, and then through snowball sampling...
May 3, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468830/cancer-incidence-attributable-to-inadequate-physical-activity-in-alberta-in-2012
#10
Darren R Brenner, Abbey E Poirier, Anne Grundy, Farah Khandwala, Alison McFadden, Christine M Friedenreich
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity has been consistently associated with increased risk of colorectal, endometrial, breast (in postmenopausal women), prostate, lung and ovarian cancers. The objective of the current analysis was to estimate the proportion and absolute number of site-specific cancer cases attributable to inadequate physical activity in Alberta in 2012. METHODS: We used population attributable risks to estimate the proportion of each site-specific cancer attributable to inactivity...
May 3, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461321/correction-family-physician-led-team-based-lifestyle-intervention-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-results-of-a-multicentre-feasibility-project
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455439/cancer-incidence-attributable-to-excess-body-weight-in-alberta-in-2012
#12
Darren R Brenner, Abbey E Poirier, Anne Grundy, Farah Khandwala, Alison McFadden, Christine M Friedenreich
BACKGROUND: Excess body weight has been consistently associated with colorectal, breast, endometrial, esophageal, gall bladder, pancreatic and kidney cancers. The objective of this analysis was to estimate the proportion of total and site-specific cancers attributable to excess body weight in adults in Alberta in 2012. METHODS: We estimated the proportions of attributable cancers using population attributable risk. Risk estimates were obtained from recent meta-analyses, and exposure prevalence estimates were obtained from the Canadian Community Health Survey...
April 28, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450428/impact-of-the-5as-team-study-on-clinical-practice-in-primary-care-obesity-management-a-qualitative-study
#13
Jodie Asselin, Eniola Salami, Adedayo M Osunlana, Ayodele A Ogunleye, Andrew Cave, Jeffrey A Johnson, Arya M Sharma, Denise L Campbell-Scherer
BACKGROUND: The 5As [Ask, Assess, Advise, Agree, Assist] of Obesity Management Team study was a randomized controlled trial of an intervention that was implemented and evaluated to help primary care providers improve clinical practice for obesity management. This paper presents health care provider perspectives of the impacts of the intervention on individual provider and team practices. METHODS: This study reports a thematic network analysis of qualitative data collected during the 5As Team study, which involved 24 chronic disease teams affiliated with family practices in a Primary Care Network in Alberta...
April 26, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446446/the-cardiovascular-health-in-ambulatory-care-research-team-performance-indicators-for-the-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-modified-delphi-panel-study
#14
Jack V Tu, Laura C Maclagan, Dennis T Ko, Clare L Atzema, Gillian L Booth, Sharon Johnston, Karen Tu, Douglas S Lee, Arlene Bierman, Ruth Hall, R Sacha Bhatia, Andrea S Gershon, Sheldon W Tobe, Claudia Sanmartin, Peter Liu, Anna Chu
BACKGROUND: High-quality ambulatory care can reduce cardiovascular disease risk, but important gaps exist in the provision of cardiovascular preventive care. We sought to develop a set of key performance indicators that can be used to measure and improve cardiovascular care in the primary care setting. METHODS: As part of the Cardiovascular Health in Ambulatory Care Research Team initiative, we established a 14-member multidisciplinary expert panel to develop a set of indicators for measuring primary prevention performance in ambulatory cardiovascular care...
April 25, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442493/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-canadian-md-phd-program-graduates-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Michael A Skinnider, Jordan W Squair, David D W Twa, Jennifer X Ji, Alexandra Kuzyk, Xin Wang, Patrick E Steadman, Kirill Zaslavsky, Ayan K Dey, Mark J Eisenberg, Ève-Reine Gagné, Kent T HayGlass, James F Lewis, Peter J Margetts, D Alan Underhill, Norman D Rosenblum, Lynn A Raymond
BACKGROUND: Combined MD/PhD programs provide a structured path for physician-scientist training, but assessment of their success within Canada is limited by a lack of quantitative data. We collected outcomes data for graduates of Canadian MD/PhD programs. METHODS: We developed and implemented a Web-based survey consisting of 41 questions designed to collect outcomes data for Canadian MD/PhD program alumni from 8 Canadian universities who had graduated before September 2015...
April 25, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459046/dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-and-the-risk-of-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Subodh Verma, Ronald M Goldenberg, Deepak L Bhatt, Michael E Farkouh, Adrian Quan, Hwee Teoh, Kim A Connelly, Lawrence A Leiter, Jan O Friedrich
BACKGROUND: Given recent discrepant results from randomized controlled trials (RCTs), we examined the totality of RCT evidence assessing the association between dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors and heart failure. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched without language restrictions to August 2016 for RCTs comparing DPP-4 inhibitors to placebo or no therapy for a period of 24 weeks or more. We included all heart failure outcomes when listed either as a serious adverse event or adverse event...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401143/impact-of-abiraterone-acetate-with-and-without-prior-docetaxel-chemotherapy-on-the-survival-of-patients-with-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-a-population-based-study
#17
Joice Rocha, Armen G Aprikian, Marie Vanhuyse, Fabio L Cury, Jason Hu, Noémie Prévost, Alice Dragomir
BACKGROUND: Abiraterone acetate was introduced in Quebec in 2012 for the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) in patients who had received chemotherapy with docetaxel. This study describes abiraterone use in the early postapproval period and its clinical effectiveness in Quebec, for both patients who had received docetaxel chemotherapy and those who could not receive docetaxel therapy owing to medical reasons. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using Quebec public health care administrative databases...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401142/comprehensive-survey-of-household-radon-gas-levels-and-risk-factors-in-southern-alberta
#18
Fintan K T Stanley, Siavash Zarezadeh, Colin D Dumais, Karin Dumais, Renata MacQueen, Fiona Clement, Aaron A Goodarzi
BACKGROUND: The inhalation of naturally occurring radon (222Rn) gas from indoor air exposes lung tissue to α-particle bombardment, a highly mutagenic form of ionizing radiation that damages DNA and increases the lifetime risk of lung cancer. We analyzed household radon concentrations and risk factors in southern Alberta, including Calgary, the third-largest Canadian metropolis. METHODS: A total of 2382 residential homes (2018 in Calgary and 364 in surrounding townships) from an area encompassing 82% of the southern Alberta population were tested for radon, per Health Canada guidelines, for at least 90 days (median 103 d) between 2013 and 2016...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401141/knowledge-attitude-willingness-and-readiness-of-primary-health-care-providers-to-provide-oral-health-services-to-children-in-niagara-ontario-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Sonica Singhal, Rafael Figueiredo, Sandy Dupuis, Rachel Skellet, Tara Wincott, Carolyn Dyer, Andrea Feller, Carlos Quiñonez
BACKGROUND: Most children are exposed to medical, but not dental, care at an early age, making primary health care providers an important player in the reduction of tooth decay. The goal of this research was to understand the feasibility of using primary health care providers in promoting oral health by assessing their knowledge, attitude, willingness and readiness in this regard. METHODS: Using the Dillman method, a mail-in cross-sectional survey was conducted among all family physicians and pediatricians in the Niagara region of Ontario who have primary contact with children...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401140/the-canadian-minimum-dataset-for-chronic-low-back-pain-research-a-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-national-institutes-of-health-task-force-research-standards
#20
Anaïs Lacasse, Jean-Sébastien Roy, Alexandre J Parent, Nioushah Noushi, Chúk Odenigbo, Gabrielle Pagé, Nicolas Beaudet, Manon Choinière, Laura S Stone, Mark A Ware
BACKGROUND: To better standardize clinical and epidemiological studies about the prevalence, risk factors, prognosis, impact and treatment of chronic low back pain, a minimum data set was developed by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Task Force on Research Standards for Chronic Low Back Pain. The aim of the present study was to develop a culturally adapted questionnaire that could be used for chronic low back pain research among French-speaking populations in Canada. METHODS: The adaptation of the French Canadian version of the minimum data set was achieved according to guidelines for the cross-cultural adaptation of self-reported measures (double forward-backward translation, expert committee, pretest among 35 patients with pain in the low back region)...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
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