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LGBT Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334468/lgbtq-inclusive-hospice-and-palliative-care-transforming-professional-practice
#1
Henry H Ng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297755/hiv-education-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#2
Julia Raifman, Chris Beyrer, Renata Arrington-Sanders
PURPOSE: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have nearly 80 times the lifetime risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) relative to men who have sex with women only (MSW), and young MSM (YMSM) accounted for 95% of estimated HIV diagnoses among adolescents between 13 and 24 years in 2015. We aimed to evaluate HIV education and sexual risk behaviors among YMSM relative to young MSW (YMSW) and to evaluate the relationship between HIV education and YMSM sexual risk behaviors. METHODS: We used Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System data from 13 states that collected information on sex of sexual contacts and on HIV education in 2011 and/or 2013...
January 3, 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297753/alcohol-expectancies-heavy-drinking-and-indicators-of-alcohol-use-disorders-in-a-community-based-sample-of-lesbian-and-bisexual-women
#3
Jessica N Fish, Tonda L Hughes
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations among alcohol expectancies, heavy episodic drinking (HED), and indicators of alcohol abuse and dependence in a community sample of lesbian and bisexual women. METHODS: We used adjusted logistic regression models to assess associations between alcohol expectancies and alcohol-related outcomes. RESULTS: Drinking expectancies were positively related to outcomes. Expectancies of "forgetting worries when depressed" were positively related to HED, whereas expectancies of increased aggression and ability to express anger were positively related to indicators of alcohol abuse and dependence...
January 3, 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271692/systematic-mapping-of-relationship-level-protective-factors-and-sexual-health-outcomes-among-sexual-minority-youth-the-role-of-peers-parents-partners-and-providers
#4
Michelle M Johns, Nicole Liddon, Paula E Jayne, Oscar Beltran, Riley J Steiner, Elana Morris
Sexual minority youth (SMY) experience elevated rates of adverse sexual health outcomes. Although risk factors driving these outcomes are well studied, less attention has been paid to protective factors that potentially promote health and/or reduce negative effects of risk. Many factors within interpersonal relationships have been identified as protective for the sexual health of adolescents generally. We sought to systematically map the current evidence base of relationship-level protective factors specifically for the sexual health of SMY through a systematic mapping of peer-reviewed observational research...
December 22, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240528/associations-between-sexual-risk-related-behaviors-and-school-based-education-on-hiv-and-condom-use-for-adolescent-sexual-minority-males-and-their-non-sexual-minority-peers
#5
Catherine N Rasberry, D Susanne Condron, Catherine A Lesesne, Susan Hocevar Adkins, Ganna Sheremenko, Elizabeth Kroupa
PURPOSE: With HIV and sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates disproportionately high among adolescent sexual minority males (ASMM), it is important to understand how school-based sexual health education may relate to sexual risk-related behavior among this population. This analysis explores reported HIV/AIDS- and condom-related education and sexual risk-related behaviors among ASMM and their adolescent non-sexual-minority male (non-ASMM) peers. METHODS: Students (n = 11,681) from seven Florida high schools completed paper-and-pencil questionnaires...
December 14, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227183/factors-associated-with-medical-doctors-intentions-to-discriminate-against-transgender-patients-in-kuala-lumpur-malaysia
#6
Aishwarya Vijay, Valerie A Earnshaw, Ying Chew Tee, Veena Pillai, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Kirsty Clark, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice, Jeffrey A Wickersham
PURPOSE: Transgender people are frequent targets of discrimination. Discrimination against transgender people in the context of healthcare can lead to poor health outcomes and facilitate the growth of health disparities. This study explores factors associated with medical doctors' intentions to discriminate against transgender people in Malaysia. METHODS: A total of 436 physicians at two major university medical centers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, completed an online survey...
December 11, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154714/improving-measures-of-sexual-and-gender-identity-in-english-and-spanish-to-identify-lgbt-older-adults-in-surveys
#7
Stuart Michaels, Carolina Milesi, Michael Stern, Melissa Heim Viox, Heather Morrison, Paul Guerino, Christina Dragon, Samuel C Haffer
PURPOSE: The goal of this research is to advance the study of health disparities faced by older sexual and gender minorities by assessing comprehension of and improving measures of sexual and gender identity in surveys. METHODS: Cognitive interviews were conducted by expert interviewers with 48 non-lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (non-LGBT) and 9 LGBT older English and Spanish speakers. RESULTS: All respondents were able to answer questions about their sex assigned at birth and current gender identity successfully despite some cisgender respondents' lack of clear understanding of the transgender response option...
November 20, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154688/substance-use-and-cognitive-function-as-drivers-of-condomless-anal-sex-among-hiv-positive-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-aged-50-and-older-the-gold-studies
#8
Sandra A Kupprat, Kristen D Krause, Danielle C Ompad, Perry N Halkitis
PURPOSE: Substance use has been linked to the sexual transmission of HIV among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) across the lifespan. Among older, HIV-positive, MSM populations, cognitive dysfunction associated with age and HIV disease progression also may play a role in sexual risk-taking. People aged 50 years and older represent a growing proportion of the overall HIV-positive population. This study aimed to explore relationships between substance use and cognitive function, and their impact on condomless anal sex (CAS) among HIV-positive gay, bisexual, and other MSM aged 50 years and older...
November 20, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148906/research-and-policy-change-to-improve-healthcare-and-elder-services-for-lgbt-older-adults
#9
Sean R Cahill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130791/the-sexual-health-of-women-in-lebanon-are-there-differences-by-sexual-orientation
#10
Jessica D Gereige, Li Zhang, Ulrike Boehmer
PURPOSE: From studies conducted in Western countries (United States, United Kingdom, and Australia), we know that the sexual health of sexual minority women (SMW) differs in key ways from that of heterosexual women (HSW). To date, the sexual health of SMW living in the Middle East and North Africa region has not been studied. The purpose of this study was to compare the sexual health of SMW and HSW living in Lebanon. METHODS: SMW and HSW living in Lebanon (N = 95) completed an anonymous, self-administered survey...
November 13, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111876/impact-of-anticipated-bias-from-healthcare-professionals-on-perceived-successful-aging-among-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-older-adults
#11
Ruth V Walker, Sara M Powers, Tarynn M Witten
PURPOSE: Transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) persons have routinely experienced high rates of violence and discrimination. Discrimination in healthcare can affect the ability of TGNC persons to age successfully as it often deters them from seeking care. The purpose of this study was to determine if anticipation of bias from healthcare professionals, as well as other variables, predicted perceived successful aging in a sample of TGNC adults. METHODS: A total of 384 (of the original 1963) participants older than 50 years completed the relevant parts of an 83-item online survey as part of the Trans MetLife Survey on Later-Life Preparedness and Perceptions in Transgender-Identified Individuals...
November 7, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099666/plan-of-action-for-real-world-translation-of-lgbtq-health-and-aging-research
#12
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Glenise L McKenzie, Lisa Krinsky, Charles A Emlet
Despite accumulating evidence of health disparities, there exists limited translational research to enhance optimal health and aging of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer-identified (*) (LGBTQ) older adults. Based on the Health Equity Promotion Model that addresses the distinct needs and strengths of LGBTQ older adults, we underscore the important role of collaborations among researchers, practitioners, and communities to build community capacity. Given the rapidly shifting context, we advance principles to guide future work that will enhance translational research and the development of evidence-based practice so that LGBTQ older adults can reach their full health potential...
November 3, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099335/generational-differences-in-internalized-transnegativity-and-psychological-distress-among-feminine-spectrum-transgender-people
#13
Kasey B Jackman, Curtis Dolezal, Walter O Bockting
PURPOSE: This study examined internalized transnegativity and psychological distress in two age groups of transgender individuals who identified their gender identity on the feminine spectrum (rather than congruent with their male sex assigned at birth). Due to greater visibility and acceptance of gender diversity in the United States, we hypothesized that internalized transnegativity would be lower in the younger compared with the older group, and that the younger generation would, therefore, report lower levels of psychological distress than the older generation...
November 3, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099330/military-healthcare-providers-knowledge-and-comfort-regarding-the-medical-care-of-active-duty-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-patients
#14
Caitlyn M Rerucha, Lloyd A Runser, Juliana S Ee, Elizabeth G Hersey
PURPOSE: This study assessed military healthcare providers' knowledge, clinical practice, and comfort in caring for active duty (AD) lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) patients. METHODS: Primary care providers at Fort Bragg, North Carolina were surveyed anonymously. RESULTS: The response rate was 28% (n = 40). Almost two-thirds of the respondents felt comfortable discussing sexual health with AD patients, but only 5% inquired about same-sex sexual activity...
November 3, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099308/alcohol-use-age-and-self-rated-mental-and-physical-health-in-a-community-sample-of-lesbian-and-bisexual-women
#15
Cindy B Veldhuis, Amelia E Talley, David W Hancock, Sharon C Wilsnack, Tonda L Hughes
PURPOSE: Given that self-perceptions of mental and physical health are important predictors of health outcomes and well-being, particularly among older adults, this study focuses on associations among age, alcohol consumption, and indicators of both self-rated mental health and self-rated physical health in a sample of sexual minority women (SMW). METHODS: This study uses a community sample of SMW to examine the associations among age, drinking, and self-rated mental and physical health...
November 3, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091538/assessing-and-meeting-the-needs-of-lgbt-older-adults-via-the-older-americans-act
#16
Michael Adams, Aaron D Tax
SAGE and its partners have been focused on bridging the chasm between the greater need that LGBT older adults have for care, services, and supports, and the lower rate at which they access them, compared with their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts. The chasm is caused by discrimination, social isolation, disproportionate poverty and health disparities, and a lack of access to culturally competent providers. SAGE has used federal administrative and legislative advocacy to encourage the Aging Network to bridge this chasm by assessing and meeting the needs of LGBT older adults that can be addressed via the programs created under the Older Americans Act...
November 1, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072536/hepatitis-b-outbreak-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-autonomous-province-of-vojvodina-serbia
#17
Predrag Duric, Smiljana Rajcevic, Svetlana Ilic, Vesna Milosevic, Katharina Hintringer, Milotka Fabri, Maja Ruzic, Vladimir Petrovic, Mladen Petrovic, Gorana Dragovac, Biljana Radosavljevic, Ivana Lazarevic, Maja Stanojevic, Martin Rusnak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324178/sex-venue-based-network-analysis-to-identify-hiv-prevention-dissemination-targets-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#18
Rupa R Patel, Douglas A Luke, Enola K Proctor, William G Powderly, Philip A Chan, Kenneth H Mayer, Laura C Harrison, Amar Dhand
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify sex venue-based networks among men who have sex with men (MSM) to inform HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) dissemination efforts. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, we interviewed MSM about the venues where their recent sexual partners were found. Venues were organized into network matrices grouped by condom use and race. We examined network structure, central venues, and network subgroups. RESULTS: Among 49 participants, the median age was 27 years, 49% were Black and 86% reported condomless anal sex (ncAS)...
January 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324177/tobacco-use-among-adults-by-sexual-orientation-findings-from-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-study
#19
Christopher W Wheldon, Annette R Kaufman, Karin A Kasza, Richard P Moser
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to characterize lifetime tobacco use across two measures of sexual orientation and six types of tobacco products. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (Wave 1, 2013-2014, USA) to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, pipes, hookah, and smokeless) stratified by gender (men/women), age (< 25/≥ 25 years old), and sexual orientation...
January 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324176/resilience-and-action-in-a-challenging-time-for-lgbt-rights
#20
William Byne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: LGBT Health
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