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LGBT Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514200/culturally-competent-sexual-healthcare-as-a-prerequisite-for-obtaining-preexposure-prophylaxis-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#1
Kevin M Maloney, Douglas S Krakower, Dale Ziobro, Joshua G Rosenberger, David Novak, Kenneth H Mayer
PURPOSE: Men who have sex with men (MSM) experience stigma in healthcare settings, which impedes disclosure of sexual behavior, potentially limiting uptake of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP). The purpose of this study was to describe the context of this limitation and explore geographical variability. METHODS: To understand how discomfort in healthcare settings affects PrEP utilization, we conducted two online focus groups with geographically diverse samples of MSM...
May 17, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498023/physical-and-or-sexual-abuse-is-associated-with-increased-psychological-and-emotional-distress-among-transgender-women
#2
Alexandra L Kussin-Shoptaw, Jesse B Fletcher, Cathy J Reback
PURPOSE: Transgender women have consistently reported elevated rates of lifetime physical and sexual abuse. This study examined the associations between reported physical and/or sexual abuse and symptoms of psychological and emotional distress among a sample of urban, high-risk transgender women. METHODS: From June 2005 through July 2012, 99 transgender women enrolled in a Comprehensive Risk Counseling and Services program in Hollywood, CA. Seemingly unrelated regression equations (SURE) were used to simultaneously regress psychiatric symptom reports on participant sociodemographic characteristics and self-reported history of physical/sexual abuse...
May 12, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498011/factors-associated-with-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-among-transgender-women-receiving-hiv-medical-care-in-the-united-states
#3
Yuko Mizuno, Linda Beer, Ping Huang, Emma L Frazier
PURPOSE: We examined factors associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence among transgender women living with HIV (TWLWH). METHODS: We used combined data from the 2009 to 2013 cycles of Medical Monitoring Project, an HIV surveillance system designed to produce nationally representative estimates of the characteristics of HIV-infected adults receiving HIV medical care in the United States. Rao-Scott chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression were used to identify factors associated with dose adherence (defined as taking 100% of prescribed ART doses in the past 3 days)...
May 12, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498005/school-protective-factors-and-substance-use-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adolescents-in-california-public-schools
#4
Kris Tunac De Pedro, Monica Christina Esqueda, Tamika D Gilreath
PURPOSE: The majority of studies examining substance use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth have focused on a wide array of risk factors (e.g., victimization). Few studies have explored the protective role of schools. This study aims to fill this gap in the literature and inform programs aimed at reducing substance use among LGB youth. More specifically, this study explores the extent to which school connectedness and support from teachers and other adults at school are associated with substance use among LGB youth in school and within the past 30 days...
May 12, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467238/sexual-orientation-disparities-in-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-u-s-males-and-females
#5
Brittany M Charlton, Sari L Reisner, Madina Agénor, Allegra R Gordon, Vishnudas Sarda, S Bryn Austin
PURPOSE: This study sought to examine how human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination may differ across sexual orientation groups (e.g., bisexuals compared to heterosexuals)-particularly in boys and men, about whom little is known. METHODS: Data were from a prospective cohort of 10,663 U.S. females and males enrolled in the Growing Up Today Study followed from 1996 to 2014. Participants were aged 11-24 years when the vaccine was approved for females in 2006 and 14-27 years when approved for males in 2009...
May 3, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453387/if-they-don-t-count-us-we-don-t-count-trump-administration-rolls-back-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-data-collection
#6
Sean R Cahill, Harvey J Makadon
The Trump Administration recently removed sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) questions from a national aging survey, and decided not to add a sexual orientation category and a transgender identity field to a national disability survey as planned. These actions have raised concerns that the major expansion of SOGI data collection on surveys and in clinical settings, which has occurred in recent years, may be under threat. SOGI data collection is essential to understand lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) health and the extent to which LGBT people access critical social services, including elder and disability services essential for living in community...
April 28, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430020/health-differences-among-lesbian-gay-and-transgender-veterans-by-rural-small-town-and-suburban-urban-setting
#7
Michael R Kauth, Terri L Barrera, F Nicholas Denton, David M Latini
PURPOSE: We explored the relationship between geographic location and health indicators for lesbian, gay, and transgender veterans. METHODS: We solicited participation in an online survey through national and city LGBT organizations and personal contacts to examine differences in depression, anxiety, alcohol and tobacco use, and body mass index among lesbian, gay, and transgender veterans (n = 252) in suburban/urban and rural/small town locations. Bisexual participants were too few to include in the analyses...
April 21, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422615/understanding-how-sexual-and-gender-minority-stigmas-influence-depression-among-trans-women-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-india
#8
Venkatesan Chakrapani, Pandara Purayil Vijin, Carmen H Logie, Peter A Newman, Murali Shunmugam, Murugesan Sivasubramanian, Miriam Samuel
PURPOSE: Few studies have assessed how sexual and gender minority stigmas affect the mental health of trans women and self-identified men who have sex with men (MSM) in India, populations with a high HIV burden. We tested whether social support and resilient coping act as mediators of the effect of sexual and gender minority stigmas on depression as proposed by Hatzenbuehler's psychological mediation framework, or as moderators based on Meyer's minority stress theory. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among trans women (n = 300) and MSM (n = 300) recruited from urban and rural sites in India...
April 19, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422558/understanding-transgender-men-s-experiences-with-and-preferences-for-cervical-cancer-screening-a-rapid-assessment-survey
#9
Julia Seay, Atticus Ranck, Roy Weiss, Christopher Salgado, Lydia Fein, Erin Kobetz
PURPOSE: Transgender men are less likely than cisgender women to receive cervical cancer screening. The purpose of the current study was to understand experiences with and preferences for cervical cancer screening among transgender men. METHODS: Ninety-one transgender men ages 21-63 completed the survey. The survey evaluated experiences with and preferences for screening, including opinions regarding human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling as a primary cervical cancer screening...
April 19, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418736/curricular-time-patient-exposure-and-comfort-caring-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-patients-among-recent-medical-graduates
#10
Michael C Honigberg, Neir Eshel, Marlise R Luskin, Shimon Shaykevich, Stuart R Lipsitz, Joel T Katz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402749/mental-health-concerns-and-insurance-denials-among-transgender-adolescents
#11
Leena Nahata, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Nicole M Caltabellotta, Amy C Tishelman
PURPOSE: Transgender youth are at high risk for mental health morbidities. Based on treatment guidelines, puberty blockers and gender-affirming hormone therapy should be considered to alleviate distress due to discordance between an individual's assigned sex and gender identity. The goals of this study were to examine the: (1) prevalence of mental health diagnoses, self-injurious behaviors, and school victimization and (2) rates of insurance coverage for hormone therapy, among a cohort of transgender adolescents at a large pediatric gender program, to understand access to recommended therapy...
April 12, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402739/remembering-judith-bradford-and-why-populations-matter
#12
Kenneth H Mayer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375763/advancing-lgbt-elder-policy-and-support-services-the-massachusetts-model
#13
Lisa Krinsky, Sean Cahill
The Massachusetts-based LGBT Aging Project has trained elder service providers in affirming and culturally competent care for LGBT older adults, supported development of LGBT-friendly meal programs, and advanced LGBT equality under aging policy. Working across sectors, this innovative model launched the country's first statewide Legislative Commission on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Aging. Advocates are working with policymakers to implement key recommendations, including cultural competency training and data collection in statewide networks of elder services...
April 4, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358625/sexual-orientation-differences-in-satisfaction-with-healthcare-findings-from-the-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2014
#14
John R Blosnich
PURPOSE: In the United States, the Affordable Care Act and marriage equality may have eased sexual orientation-based differences in access to healthcare coverage, but limited research has investigated sexual orientation-based differences in healthcare satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to examine whether satisfaction with healthcare varied by sexual orientation in a large population-based sample of adults. METHODS: Data are from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, including items about sexual orientation and healthcare (n = 113,317)...
March 30, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296563/applying-organizational-change-to-promote-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-inclusion-and-reduce-health-disparities
#15
Kristen L Eckstrand, Mitchell R Lunn, Baligh R Yehia
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations face numerous barriers when accessing and receiving healthcare, which amplify specific LGBT health disparities. An effective strategic approach is necessary for academic health centers to meet the growing needs of LGBT populations. Although effective organizational change models have been proposed for other minority populations, the authors are not aware of any organizational change models that specifically promote LGBT inclusion and mitigate access barriers to reduce LGBT health disparities...
March 15, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287877/measuring-sexual-and-gender-minority-populations-in-health-surveillance
#16
Joanne G Patterson, Jennifer M Jabson, Deborah J Bowen
PURPOSE: Sexual and gender minorities (SGMs) are underrepresented and information about SGMs is difficult to locate in national health surveillance data, and this limits identification and resolution of SGM health disparities. It is also not known how measures of sexual orientation and transgender-inclusive gender identity in health surveillance compare with best practice recommendations. This article reviews and summarizes the publicly available, English language, large-scale, rigorously sampled, national, international, and regional data sources that include sexual orientation or transgender-inclusive gender identity and compares measures with best practice guidelines...
April 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287875/sexual-orientation-and-health-information-technology-use-a-nationally-representative-study-of-u-s-adults
#17
James M Dahlhamer, Adena M Galinsky, Sarah S Joestl, Brian W Ward
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence and odds of participation in online health-related activities among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults and straight adults aged 18-64. METHODS: Primary data collected in the 2013 and 2014 National Health Interview Survey, a nationally representative household health survey, were used to examine associations between sexual orientation and four measures of health information technology (HIT) use. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews (some telephone follow-up) with 54,878 adults aged 18-64...
April 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263697/in-memoriam-judith-bradford-phd
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221820/risks-benefits-and-importance-of-collecting-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-data-in-healthcare-settings-a-multi-method-analysis-of-patient-and-provider-perspectives
#19
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Maya Torain, Rachel Adler, Eric Schneider, Anju Ranjit, Lisa M Kodadek, Ryan Shields, Danielle German, Claire Snyder, Susan Peterson, Jeremiah Schuur, Brandyn Lau, Adil H Haider
PURPOSE: Research suggests that LGBT populations experience barriers to healthcare. Organizations such as the Institute of Medicine recommend routine documentation of sexual orientation (SO) and gender identity (GI) in healthcare, to reduce LGBT disparities. We explore patient views regarding the importance of SO/GI collection, and patient and provider views on risks and benefits of routine SO/GI collection in various settings. METHODS: We surveyed LGBT/non-LGBT patients and providers on their views on SO/GI collection...
April 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221818/intersex-care-development-current-priorities
#20
Heino F L Meyer-Bahlburg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: LGBT Health
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