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International Journal of Mycobacteriology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900903/pneumoperitoneum-in-treated-abdominal-tuberculosis-not-always-paradoxical-worsening
#1
LETTER
Harshal S Mandavdhare, Ujjwal Gorsi, Pankaj Gupta, Vishal Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900902/peritoneal-tuberculosis-or-carcinomatosis-a-diagnostic-conundrum
#2
LETTER
Pankaj Gupta, Surinder Rana, Parimal Agarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900901/acute-scrotum-hansen-s-disease-versus-filariasis
#3
Deepak Vashisht, Bhavni Oberoi, Ruby Venugopal, Sukriti Baveja
Hansen's disease is caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The disease is known to involve the visceral organs including the testis apart from the skin and nerves in the lepromatous pole of leprosy due to widespread hematogenous dissemination of lepra bacilli. Furthermore, there can be testicular pain during the type 2 reaction in Hansen's disease. Filariasis is a disease caused by the parasitic nematode, Wuchereria bancrofti. This infection most commonly results in lymphedema and secondary vaginal hydrocele with an associated epididymo-orchitis...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900900/erythema-nodosum-leprosum-presenting-as-sweet-s-syndrome-like-reaction-in-a-borderline-lepromatous-leprosy-patient
#4
Nyoman Suryawati, Herman Saputra
Erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL) is characterized by tender erythematous nodules, accompanied by fever, malaise, arthralgia, and systemic complications. Atypical clinical manifestations have been reported such as pustular, bullous, ulceration; livedo reticularis; erythema multiforme-like reaction; and Sweet's syndrome (SS)-like presentation. We reported a case of ENL reaction presenting as SS-like reaction in a borderline lepromatous leprosy patient.
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900899/-fleeting-pulmonary-infiltrates-in-allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis-misdiagnosed-as-tuberculosis
#5
Shital Patil, Rajesh Patil
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is underdiagnosed and underevaluated routinely because of clinical and radiological overlap with tuberculosis (TB), especially in tropical setting with high TB burden countries like India. ABPA is the best-recognized manifestation of Aspergillus-associated hypersensitivity to Aspergillus antigens in patients with long-standing atopic asthma. ABPA with varied clinical presentation has been reported to occur in 20% of asthmatic patients admitted to hospitals and in 5% of all rhinitis cases...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900898/positive-outcome-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-associated-with-extraordinary-extensive-extrapulmonary-tuberculosis-in-an-immunocompetent-adult
#6
Jitendra Singh, Anju Dinkar
Tuberculosis (TB) is known to cause a wide variety of complications and atypical presentations. It usually presents with typical symptoms. Here, we present the unusual case of pulmonary TB with the involvement of lungs, brain, liver, spleen, vertebra, skin, left cervical lymph nodes, bone marrow, and heart. It is unique with this case of disseminated TB presenting in squall and decimating manner involving many different organs simultaneously in an immunocompetent patient who was treated successfully with antitubercular treatment...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900897/bronchial-wash-culture-is-less-valuable-in-patients-suspected-to-have-nontuberculous-mycobacteria-lung-disease-for-bilateral-bronchiectasis-with-nodules
#7
Keisuke Watanabe, Masaharu Shinkai, Masahiro Shinoda, Takeshi Kaneko
Backgrounds: Bronchiectasis (BE) with nodules on chest computed tomography (CT) is one of the radiological findings of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) lung disease. However, the NTM lung disease is not diagnosed in some patients who undergo bronchoscopy, though their radiological findings show BE with nodules. We need the indicator to distinguish the patients who would not be given the diagnosis of NTM lung disease with bronchoscopy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of the patients who underwent bronchoscopy from January 2010 to July 2013 at our hospital because sputum test had not yielded the diagnosis of NTM lung disease or the patients had been unable to produce sputum, though their chest CT had shown BE with nodules...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900896/leprosy-in-northwest-louisiana-a-case-series
#8
Andrew Stevenson Joel Chandranesan, Pradeep Kumar Mada, Frances Ramos-Herberth, David Walsworth, Robert Penn, Ronald Washburn
Hansen's disease, commonly known as leprosy, is a chronic mycobacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Although generally uncommon in the United States, it is endemic in the Southern United States. We diagnosed and managed five leprosy patients from Northwest Louisiana, each presenting a distinct set of challenges. A retrospective study was performed to collect demographic, clinical, and laboratory data from our cases. The information was analyzed with a specific focus on associated factors, diagnosis, and management...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900895/drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-ethiopia-characteristics-of-cases-in-a-referral-hospital-and-the-implications
#9
Yoseph Worku, Tewodros Getinet, Shikur Mohammed, Zhenhua Yang
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) programs should design intervention strategies based on the sound knowledge of the existing local epidemiology and sociodemographic characteristics of drug-resistant-TB (DR-TB) cases. The aim of the study was to characterize the pulmonary multidrug-resistant (MDR) and rifampicin-resistant (RR) TB cases enrolled in a referral hospital at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, called All Africa Leprosy, Tuberculosis, Rehabilitation and Training (ALERT) Hospital. Methods: We conducted a descriptive study based on retrospective review of medical records of 340 pulmonary MDR/RR-TB cases enrolled in ALERT Hospital from November 2011 to December 2016...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900894/string-test-a-new-tool-for-tuberculosis-diagnosis-and-drug-resistance-detection-in-children
#10
Belén Rocío Imperiale, Cecilia Nieves, Belén Mancino, Myriam Sanjurjo, Silvina Tártara, Ángela Beatríz Di Giulio, Juan Carlos Palomino, Nora Susana Morcillo, Anandi Martin
Background: There is a critical need to improve the diagnostic accuracy of tuberculosis (TB) in children. Several techniques have been developed to improve the quality of sputum samples; however, these procedures are very unpleasant and invasive and require hospitalization and trained personnel. This study aims to explore the potential use of a new and noninvasive tool, "string test," for TB diagnosis in children and in adults not able to render sputum samples and at risk of developing multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB)...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900893/-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-strains-h37ra-and-h37rv-have-equivalent-minimum-inhibitory-concentrations-to-most-antituberculosis-drugs
#11
Marc Tobias Heinrichs, Robert Justin May, Fabian Heider, Tobias Reimers, Sherwin Kenneth B Sy, Charles Arthur Peloquin, Hartmut Derendorf
Background: Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) strains H37Ra and H37Rv are commonly used to study new and re-evaluate old antituberculous agents with respect to their pharmacodynamic effects in vitro. The differences in membrane proteins and, in particular, differences in carrier proteins between Mtb H37Ra and Mtb H37Rv may have an impact on antibiotic potency. The question of whether H37Ra can be used as a reliable surrogate for H37Rv and clinical strains has not been addressed sufficiently...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900892/clinical-pilot-study-clarithromycin-efficacy-in-multibacillary-leprosy-therapy
#12
Hendra Gunawan, Muljaningsih Sasmojo, Helena Eka Putri, Erda Avriyanti, Reti Hindritiani, Oki Suwarsa
Background: Rifampicin is one of the important components in the multidrug therapy (MDT)-World Health Organization regimen for leprosy. Clarithromycin is one of the alternative therapies of rifampicin. Methods: This clinical pilot study was to compare the efficacy of 2,000 mg clarithromycin to 600 mg rifampicin in combination with dapsone and clofazimine for 3 months in multibacillary (MB) leprosy patients. They were divided into an MDT-MB regimen group that consists of rifampicin-dapsone-clofazimine and clarithromycin-dapsone-clofazimine (CDC) regimen group, each group consisted of seven patients...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900891/the-problem-of-resistance-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-may-be-underestimated-in-africa
#13
Simeon I B Cadmus, Olutayo I Falodun, Oba E Fagade, Robert Murphy, Babafemi Taiwo, Dick Van Soolingen
Background: The true burden of tuberculosis (TB) and particularly multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB in Sub-Saharan Africa has remained underestimated. Methods: We investigated drug susceptibility profile and genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates collected from confirmed tuberculosis patients in Ibadan, southwestern Nigeria. Results: We confirmed that from 74 randomly selected Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates available for drug susceptibility testing in Ibadan, in 2011, 13...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900890/latent-tuberculosis-infection-among-patients-with-coronary-artery-stenosis-a-case-control-study
#14
Ahmad Farooq Alsayed Hasanain, Khalid M El-Maghraby, Ali A H Zayed, Amany M A Nafee, Sherif M Abdel-Aal, Sally M Bakkar
Background: The activation of the cell-mediated immune responses by Mycobacterium tuberculosis can promote atherogenesis. Aims: The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) among patients with coronary artery stenosis (CAS) and to explore the association between LTBI and development of CAS. We conducted a case-control study which included 183 patients' who underwent percutaneous coronary angiography (121 patients with CAS and 62 patients without as a control group)...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900889/evaluation-of-the-tuberculosis-control-program-in-south-west-cameroon-factors-affecting-treatment-outcomes
#15
Kareen A Atekem, Nicoline Fri Tanih, Roland Ndip Ndip, Lucy Mande Ndip
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) has been ranked as one of the leading causes of death worldwide. In Cameroon, the National Tuberculosis Control Program aims to fight TB through the implementation of international directives (Directly Observed Treatment Short course [DOTS]). TB control program must reach global targets for detection (70%) and treatment success (85%) as stated by the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Implementing DOTS in Cameroon has not met the MDGs of 85% success rate...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900888/antimicrobial-effect-of-dimethyl-sulfoxide-and-n-n-dimethylformamide-on-mycobacterium-abscessus-implications-for-antimicrobial-susceptibility-testing
#16
Zara I Kirkwood, Beverley Cherie Millar, Damian G Downey, John E Moore
Background: The emergence of antimicrobial resistance globally has initiated the discovery of novel antibiotics and other antimicrobial substances. Many of these novel compounds may be found in phytochemicals, where these novel compounds are extremely difficult to redissolve for antimicrobial susceptibility testing, following extraction. The aim of this study was to examine the potential antimicrobial effects of the common solvents, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF), which are commonly employed as solvents of novel antimicrobial substances, with the nontuberculous Mycobacterium and Mycobacterium abscessus...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900887/pulmonary-functions-assessment-in-post-tuberculosis-cases-by-spirometry-obstructive-pattern-is-predominant-and-needs-cautious-evaluation-in-all-treated-cases-irrespective-of-symptoms
#17
Shital Patil, Rajesh Patil, Anil Jadhav
Background: Approximately 30%-40% patients suffer with lung function issues in spite of successful treatment outcome; and these problems are less documented routinely. Methods: Prospective multicentric study conducted during July 2013-June 2017, to find pulmonary function assessment in posttuberculosis (TB) cases irrespective of their symptoms, included 500 cases in symptomatic and asymptomatic group and subjected to inclusion and exclusion criteria. All cases were subjected to spirometry analysis...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900886/effect-of-chlorine-on-mycobacterium-gordonae-and-mycobacterium-chubuense-in-planktonic-and-biofilm-state
#18
Alejandra Soledad Oriani, FermIn Sierra, Mónica Diana Baldini
Background: : There is evidence that drinking water could be a source of infections with pathogenic nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) potentially risky to human health. The aim was to investigate the resistance of two NTM isolated from drinking water, Mycobacterium gordonae and Mycobacterium chubuense, at different concentrations of chlorine (as sodium hypochlorite), used in drinking water sanitation. Methods: : The NTM were grown in suspension and in biofilms and were challenged with biocide for 10 and 60 min...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900885/the-effect-of-human-leukocyte-antigens-drb1-alleles-on-development-of-different-tuberculosis-forms-in-children
#19
Anna Starshinova, Irina Dovgalyuk, Andrey Berkos, Yulia Ovchinnikova, Ludmila Bubnova, Piotr Yablonskiy
Background: Nowadays, there is no doubt that the development of infectious process is determined not only by individual features of a human, but also by features of infection agent. It is commonly known that ability to form an adequate immune response is based on immunogenetic peculiarities of macroorganism. Methods: The immunogenetic study was performed in 228 children from 1 to 15 years old with different manifestations of tuberculosis (TB). Control group was consisted of 446 adult healthy donors-residents of the Northwestern region of Russia...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900884/-mycobacterium-abscessus-complex-natural-history-and-treatment-outcomes-at-a-tertiary-adult-cystic-fibrosis-center
#20
Emma Tippett, Samantha Ellis, John Wilson, Tom Kotsimbos, Denis Spelman
Background: Mycobacterium abscessus complex (MAbsC) is a significant management dilemma when taking care of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Methods: We undertook a retrospective cohort analysis of all CF patients in whom MAbsC was isolated from 2005 to 2014. The natural history of MAbsC was determined and clinical factors examined in an attempt to predict transient compared to persistent colonization. Results: No correlation was found between recurrent MAbsC isolation and clinical factors such as body mass index, respiratory function, or age...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
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