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International Journal of Mycobacteriology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171461/quality-assurance-training-course-on-chest-radiography-in-laos
#1
LETTER
Pathum Sookaromdee, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171460/knowledge-on-tuberculosis-in-rural-myanmar
#2
LETTER
Sora Yasri, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171459/bilateral-inguinal-lymphadenopathy-presenting-as-tuberculosis-in-a-case-of-carcinoma-rectum
#3
Sunil Vyas, Narendra Umashankar, Nirupama Kothari, Vinay Vyas
Isolated bilateral inguinal tubercular lymphadenitis is a very rare presentation. A 59-year-old male, on treatment for Carcinoma rectum (T3 N1 M0) presented with bilateral inguinal lymphadenopathy. Metastasis and tuberculosis were considered for differentials. FNAC of the lesion showed Necrotizing granulomatous lymphadenitis. There was regression of the lesion on both sides after two months of Anti-tubercular Therapy. Even though Metastasis is the commonest cause of inguinal lymphadenopathy in a case of carcinoma rectum, Tuberculosis needs to be considered in the differential diagnosis in our country...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171458/symmetrical-peripheral-gangrene-and-tuberculosis-a-rare-kinship
#4
Tushar Patial, Kanika Sharma, Aditya Singh Jaswal, Vikrant Thakur, Sunil Negi
Symmetrical peripheral gangrene (SPG) is a rare clinical syndrome characterized by ischemic necrosis of 2 or more limbs, without involvement of large vessels. It is often associated with disseminated intravascular coagulation and septic shock. Usually caused by Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms, tuberculosis as a cause is extremely rare. We present the case of a 46-year-old man, who initially presented with signs and symptoms suggestive of tuberculosis but later developed SPG along with septic shock after his initial visit...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171457/tubercular-colitis-masquerading-as-ischemic-colitis-an-unusual-presentation
#5
Vishal Sharma, Harshal S Mandavdhare, Kaushal K Prasad, Harjeet Singh, Usha Dutta
Tuberculosis is a common clinical problem which can involve virtually any organ and mimic a multitude of clinical conditions. Colonic tuberculosis is a type of intestinal tuberculosis which involves the colon and mimics inflammatory bowel disease. Occasionally, it is also confused with colonic malignancy. We report the case of a young female who presented with abdominal pain, bleeding per rectum. Abdominal X-ray showed evidence of thumb-printing. A possibility of ischemic colitis was entertained. However, further investigation unraveled the presence of tubercular colitis...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171456/mycobacterium-interjectum-isolated-from-an-immunocompetent-host-with-lung-infection
#6
Yatin N Dholakia
Improved molecular diagnostic techniques have resulted in increased reporting of nontuberculous mycobacterial infections. A 40-year-old male immunocompetent individual presented with cough and fever of 2-week duration. His chest X-ray showed cavities in the left upper zone and fibrosis in the right upper zone. His sputum was positive for AFB on Ziehl-Neelsen staining and showed slow-growing mycobacteria in mycobacteria growth indicator tube. The isolate was identified as Mycobacterium interjectum using GenoType® Mycobacterium CM assay (Hain Lifescience, GmBH, Nehren, Germany)...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171455/association-between-effectiveness-of-tuberculosis-treatment-and-cytochrome-p-4502e1-polymorphism-of-the-patients
#7
Petro Antonenko, Dmytro Butov, Valentyn Kresyun, Kateryna Antonenko, Tetiana Butova
CONTEXT: The risk of antituberculosis (TB) drug-induced liver injury could be determined by patients' genotype polymorphism of the xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes. To find the meaning of cytochrome P-4502E1 (CYP2E1) polymorphism in TB patients. Corresponding of CYP2E1 polymorphism in TB patients with the level of isoniazid and rifampicin as well as for the outcome and toxicity development during inpatient TB treatment. METHODS: CYP2E1 genotype was detected with the help of polymerase chain reaction and endonuclease analysis...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171454/nontuberculous-mycobacteria-in-clinical-samples-with-negative-acid-fast-bacilli
#8
Alejandro Hernandez-Solís, Raúl Cicero-Sabido, Maribel González-Villa, Isaura Isabel Martínez-Rivera, América Del Pilar Mandujano-Martínez, Benita Pilar Torres-Mazadiego, Claudia Elena Wong-Arámbula, Abril Paulina Rodríguez-Maldonado, Lucia Hernández-Rivas, Heleodora González-González, José Ernesto Ramírez-González
BACKGROUND: There is a progressive increase in nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in pulmonary and extrapulmonary infections that might cause confusion with the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. To determine the frequency of finding NTM in clinical samples from patients diagnosed with active tuberculosis, with negative acid-alcohol-resistant bacilli (acid-fast bacillus [AFB]) in a third-level specialty hospital's mycobacterial laboratory between January 2013 and December 2014. METHODS: This is a prospective, descriptive study where isolated strains of biological material were studied in Lowenstein-Jensen and BACTEC MGIT 960 cultures...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171453/antibiotic-resistance-in-mycobacterium-abscessus-and-mycobacterium-fortuitum-isolates-from-malaysian-patients
#9
Sharmilla Devi Jayasingam, Thaw Zin, Yun Fong Ngeow
BACKGROUND: Rapidly growing mycobacterial species (RGM) are increasingly being recognized as the cause of various superficial and deep infections in humans. Two of the species most frequently isolated from clinical specimens are Mycobacterium abscessus and Mycobacterium fortuitum. Both species are associated with antibiotic resistances that may complicate therapy. This paper describes the pattern of resistance to five antibiotics commonly prescribed for RGM infections, in M. abscessus and M...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171452/the-most-frequent-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-complex-families-in-mali-2006-2016-based-on-spoligotyping
#10
Antieme Combo Georges Togo, Ousmane Kodio, Bassirou Diarra, Moumine Sanogo, Gagni Coulibaly, Sidy Bane, Fatimata Diallo, Anou M Somboro, Aissata B Cisse, Bocar Baya, Drissa Goita, Seydou Diabate, Bourahima Kone, Yeya Dit Sadio Sarro, Mamoudou Maiga, Yacouba Toloba, Michael Belson, Susan Orsega, Sounkalo Dao, Robert Leo Murphy, Sophia Siddiqui, Seydou Doumbia, Souleymane Diallo
BACKGROUND: To identify strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBc) circulating in Bamako region during the past 10 years. METHODS: From 2006 to 2016, we conducted a cross-sectional study to identify with spoligotyping, clinical isolates from tuberculosis (TB)-infected patients at different stages of their treatments in Bamako, Mali. RESULTS: Among the 904 suspected TB patients included in the study and thereafter tested in our BSL-3 laboratory, 492 (54...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171451/sequence-homology-and-expression-profile-of-genes-associated-with-dna-repair-pathways-in-mycobacterium-leprae
#11
Mukul Sharma, Sundeep Chaitanya Vedithi, Madhusmita Das, Anindya Roy, Mannam Ebenezer
BACKGROUND: Survival of Mycobacterium leprae, the causative bacteria for leprosy, in the human host is dependent to an extent on the ways in which its genome integrity is retained. DNA repair mechanisms protect bacterial DNA from damage induced by various stress factors. The current study is aimed at understanding the sequence and functional annotation of DNA repair genes in M. leprae. METHODS: T he genome of M. leprae was annotated using sequence alignment tools to identify DNA repair genes that have homologs in Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Escherichia coli...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171450/treatment-outcome-of-tuberculosis-patients-under-directly-observed-treatment-short-course-and-its-determinants-in-shangla-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan-a-retrospective-study
#12
Tauseef Ahmad, Muhammad Khan, Muhammad Mumtaz Khan, Eyasu Ejeta, Manoochehr Karami, Chinenyenwa Ohia
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Pakistan. Assessment of TB treatment outcomes, monitoring and evaluation of its risk factors in Directly Observed Treatment Short Course (DOTS) are among the major indicators of the performance of a national TB control program. Even though Pakistan ranks 5th among the 22 high-TB burden countries, there are no available data in this regard. METHODS: Institution-based retrospective study was conducted to determine the treatment outcome of TB patients and investigate associated risk factors at District Head Quarter Hospital Shangla, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171449/risk-factors-for-tuberculosis-mortality-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-oman-2006-2016
#13
Zied A Gaifer
BACKGROUND: Mortality from tuberculosis (TB) remains high despite its declining global incidence. Host risk factors of TB death have not been fully identified. The aim of this study is to explore some of the host risk factors associated with TB mortality. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional review of patients with TB admitted to Sultan Qaboos University Hospital in Oman from July 2006 to February 2016. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the risk factors for TB mortality...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171448/vitamin-d-cell-death-pathways-and-tuberculosis
#14
Manik Retno Wahyunitisari, Ni Made Mertaniasih, Muhammad Amin, Wayan T Artama, Eko B Koendhori
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces cellular necrosis that could promote spread of infection. The aim of this study is to analyze the effects of Vitamin D3 supplementation to improve the effectiveness of 2nd-line anti-tuberculosis (TB) drug therapy, especially in relation with cell death pathways. METHODS: Mus musculus C3HeB/FeJ was randomly divided into four groups containing eight animals each. The 1st group (G1), consisting of mice that were intratracheally infected with multidrug-resistant strain of M...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171447/nontuberculous-mycobacteria-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-portugal-a-clinical-review
#15
Rog Rio Ruas, Isabel Abreu, João Nuak, Angélica Ramos, Teresa Carvalho, Manuela Ribeiro, João Tiago Guimarães, António Sarmento
BACKGROUND: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) form a heterogeneous group regarding their ability to cause disease. To further understand their clinical relevance, the characteristics of patients who had positive cultures for NTM at a tertiary hospital in Portugal were reviewed. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients assessed at the Infectious Diseases (ID) Department of the São João Hospital Center, from January 2007 to December 2014, from whom at least one biological sample was tested culture positive for NTM...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171446/do-infections-with-disseminated-mycobacterium-avium-complex-precede-sweet-s-syndrome-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Kenji Hibiya, Kazuya Miyagi, Maki Tamayose, Daijiro Nabeya, Takeshi Kinjo, Syo Takeshima, Nanae Ikemiyagi, Keisuke Yamada, Akane Fujita, Hiroe Hashioka, Wakaki Kami, Morifumi Inamine, Daisuke Shibahara, Hideta Nakamura, Makoto Furugen, Shusaku Haranaga, Futoshi Higa, Masao Tateyama, Jiro Fujita
Sweet's syndrome is reportedly associated with preceding nontuberculous mycobacterial infections (NTMIs). Here, we report on a systemic Mycobacterium intracellulare infection in a patient on corticoid therapy for Sweet's syndrome. Literature searches show that 69.1% of patients with Sweet's syndrome and NTMIs developed this syndrome later than NTMIs and 89.3% of them developed during the clinical course of a rapidly growing mycobacterial infection. The residual cases were associated with slow-growing mycobacteria (14...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171445/the-epidemiology-of-tuberculous-dactylitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#17
REVIEW
Hana Sahli, Leila Roueched, Mohamed Ali Sbai, Asma Bachali, Rawdha Tekaya
The literature on tuberculous dactylitis is poor, and most literature consists of isolated case reports. The aim of this case series is to study the particularities and the epidemiological aspects of tuberculous dactylitis in Tunisian patients. Google and Medline search was done using key words "tuberculous dactylitis" and "spina ventosa." Only Tunisian reports in adult patients were included. Eleven cases including this mentioned case were included in this review. There was a female predominance, high frequency of trauma before disease installation, rarity of predisposing factors, and less inflammation in blood tests when comparing with other cases in literature...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171444/role-of-vitamins-b-c-and-d-in-the-fight-against-tuberculosis
#18
REVIEW
Gaurav Tyagi, Pooja Singh, Mandira Varma-Basil, Mridula Bose
Worldwide, tuberculosis (TB) is still a serious and significant health concern, more so with the emergence of multidrug-resistant-TB. The inability of mankind to control this infection stems from the fact that the vaccines and drugs that were once effective against TB are no longer efficacious. This has led to a search for new antituberculous agents and adjuvant therapy. Vitamins are being revisited for their role in pathogenicity as well as for their antimycobacterial properties. Vitamins such as biotin and thiamin are essential for Mycobacterium tuberculosis and are required for establishment of infection...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171443/risk-factors-for-tuberculosis-and-beyond
#19
EDITORIAL
Sahal A Al-Hajoj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171442/tuberculosis-serodiagnostics-ban-and-after
#20
EDITORIAL
Bhaskar C Harinath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
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