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Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331871/erratum-a-new-approach-to-vancomycin-utilization-evaluation-a-cross-sectional-study-in-intensive-care-unit
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 279 in vol. 5, PMID: 27843965.].
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331870/drug-drug-interactions-the-importance-of-medication-reconciliation
#2
Mahin Jamshidi Makiani, Somayyeh Nasiripour, Mahnaz Hosseini, Alireza Mahbubi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331869/determination-of-vancomycin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#3
Farzane Ghasabi, Mehrdad Halaji, Samereh Nouri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331868/a-novel-practical-equation-for-treatment-of-emergent-hypernatremia-and-dehydration-phase-in-infants
#4
Saba Ghaffary, Azadeh Moghaddas, Mehrnoush Dianatkhah
Serum sodium (Na) concentration more than 145 mmol/L is defined as hypernatremia. Hypernatremia carries an acute morbidity and mortality, especially in neonates and infants. Rapid correction of hypernatremia leads to severe cerebral damages, and seizure is the most common neurological complication of hypernatremia. Selection and calculation of an appropriate fluid and its amount is one of the tremendous challenges. It is important to choose the correct amount of suitable fluid and adjust rehydration rate. In this study, we have suggested practical equation to determine the amount of fluid that should be administered to the neonates and infants with hypernatremia...
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331867/the-content-of-plasma-selenium-in-early-admitted-septic-patients
#5
Omid Moradi Moghaddam, Mohammad Niakan Lahiji, Azadeh Moghaddas, Maryam Farasatinasab, Somayyeh Nasiripour
OBJECTIVE: Selenium depletion has been reported in critical illness correlates with an increase in mortality and morbidity. In this study, we aimed to access the selenium plasma levels of septic patients early at the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission in order to compare with reference range. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in a university affiliated hospital aiming to assess the early plasma level of selenium in ICU admitted patients. eighty patients diagnoses with sepsis were included and considered for characteristic evaluation, monitoring criteria assessment and also blood sampling...
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331866/clinical-response-and-outcome-in-patients-with-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-infections
#6
Masoume Malekolkottab, Lida Shojaei, Hossein Khalili, Mahsa Doomanlou
OBJECTIVE: In this study, frequency and antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of multidrug resistant (MDR) microorganisms were evaluated in a referral teaching hospital in Iran. METHODS: Patients with MDR Gram-negative pathogens were followed during the course of hospitalization. Demographic data, baseline diseases, type of biological sample, isolated microorganism, type of infection, antibiotic regimen before the availability of the culture result and change in the antibiotic regimen following receiving the antibiogram results, response to the treatment regimen, and duration of hospitalization and patient's outcome were considered variables for each recruited patient...
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331865/growth-hormone-utilization-review-in-a-pediatric-primary-care-setting
#7
Fatemeh Sayarifard, Fereshteh Bakhshi Imcheh, Shirinsadat Badri, Toktam Faghihi, Mostafa Qorbani, Mania Radfar
OBJECTIVE: One of the main problems facing public health providers and administrators in many countries is ensuring the rational use of high-cost drugs. In this regard, on-going process of medication use evaluation can be considered as a useful tool. In this study, we evaluated certain usage aspects of a highly-cost medication, that is, recombinant growth hormone (GH). METHODS: This cross-sectional study conducted from August 2012 to August 2014. Children receiving GH ± gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs were included in the study...
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331864/cytopenia-occurrence-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-within-early-post-transplant-period
#8
Atefeh Jafari, Parisa Najivash, Mohammad-Reza Khatami, Simin Dashti-Khavidaki
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed incidence, severity, and time to occurrence of drug-induced leukopenia/thrombocytopenia within 1(st) month after kidney transplantation. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on newly kidney transplant recipients from two hospitals, Iran. Patients with thrombocytopenia due to acute antibody-mediated rejection were excluded from the study. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data of patients within the 1(st) month after transplantation were collected...
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331863/the-effects-of-statins-on-pulmonary-artery-pressure-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Anahita Arian, Sayyed Gholamreza Mortazavi Moghadam, Toba Kazemi, Morteza Hajihosseini
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary hypertension is a serious complication in patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of atorvastatin in reducing pulmonary arterial pressure in COPD patients. METHODS: This double-blind, randomized trial was conducted on 42 known cases of COPD with systolic pulmonary arterial pressure of more than 25 mmHg. The patients were randomly assigned into two groups, 21 patients with atorvastatin treatment (40 mg/daily for 6 months) and 21 patients without receiving atorvastatin...
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331862/patients-clients-expectation-toward-and-satisfaction-from-pharmacy-services
#10
Mohammed Biset Ayalew, Kaleab Taye, Daniel Asfaw, Bethlehem Lemma, Filagot Dadi, Habtamu Solomon, Haile Tazeze, Bayew Tsega
OBJECTIVE: Satisfaction is becoming a popular health-care quality indicator as it reflects the reality of service or care provided. The aim of this study was to assess the level of patients' expectation toward and satisfaction from pharmacy service provided and to identify associated factor that might affect their expectation and satisfaction. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 287 patients, who were served in five pharmacies of Gondar University Hospital in May 2015...
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331861/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-administration-on-intracellular-adhesion-molecule-1-and-vascular-cell-adhesion-molecule-1-levels-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-placebo-controlled-double-blinded-clinical-trial
#11
Afsoon Emami Naeini, Firouzeh Moeinzadeh, Sahar Vahdat, Akbar Ahmadi, Zahra Parin Hedayati, Safoora Shahzeidi
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency is quite common among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, and Vitamin D administration could reduce morbidity and mortality in these patients through different mechanisms. Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of mortality in these patients that are caused by vascular injuries. Intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM) are vascular inflammation indicators. The goal of this study is to find the effect of Vitamin D administration on ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 serum levels in ESRD patients on hemodialysis...
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331860/quetiapine-misuse-and-abuse-is-it-an-atypical-paradigm-of-drug-seeking-behavior
#12
REVIEW
Sean Kim, Gayoung Lee, Eric Kim, Hyejin Jung, Jongwha Chang
Recent case reports in medical literatures suggest that more and more second-generation atypical antipsychotics (AAs) have been prescribed for off-label use; quetiapine (Brand name: Seroquel(®)) showed increase in its trend for off-label use. Little is known about the reasons behind this trend, although historical sedative and hypnotic prescription patterns suggest that despite relatively superior safety profiles of quetiapine (especially for movement disorders), it may be used for treating substance abuse disorder...
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331859/a-copmarative-review-of-electronic-prescription-systems-lessons-learned-from-developed-countries
#13
REVIEW
Mahnaz Samadbeik, Maryam Ahmadi, Farahnaz Sadoughi, Ali Garavand
This review study aimed to compare the electronic prescription systems in five selected countries (Denmark, Finland, Sweden, England, and the United States). Compared developed countries were selected by the identified selection process from the countries that have electronic prescription systems. Required data were collected by searching the valid databases, most widely used search engines, and visiting websites related to the national electronic prescription system of each country and also sending E-mails to the related organizations using specifically designed data collection forms...
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331858/zika-virus-an-emerging-epidemic
#14
EDITORIAL
Anna Ratanacharoensiri, Luke Huggins, Mark Johnson, Isha Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843970/ascorbic-acid-in-septic-shock
#15
Hossein Khalili
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843969/gemcitabine-and-cisplatin-induced-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-a-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#16
Rohit Santosh Kabre, Krishna Marotirao Kamble
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a recently described, scarcely documented clinical entity. PRES is caused by various factors, the most common being hypertension, followed by nonhypertensive causes such as renal diseases and immunosuppressive therapy. Recently, some cases have been reported about the association of increased use of cytotoxic and immunosuppressive agents in cancer patients, and relevant reports have increased with advances in radiological examinations. Here, we report a case of gallbladder cancer with liver metastasis undergoing gemcitabine- and cisplatin-based chemotherapy who presented with complaints of seizures, headache, and bilateral lower limb weakness...
October 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843968/moxifloxacin-induced-acute-psychosis-a-case-report-with-literature-review
#17
Faizan Mazhar, Shahzad Akram, Nafis Haider
Third generation quinolones are extensively used to treat a variety of common bacterial infections. Due to their extensive use in clinical practice, an increase in neuropsychiatric events has been reported. We report the case of psychotic symptoms occurs after three doses of moxifloxacin in a healthy adult male with no underlying risk factors. After the discontinuation of moxifloxacin treatment, there was a complete resolution of patient's symptoms. The case draws attention to a rare side effect of a commonly use drug and alert the clinicians to be cautious in those patients that have a baseline risk factors which makes the patient more susceptible to such adverse drug effect...
October 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843967/prevalence-of-pulmonary-edema-among-the-deceased-cases-with-acute-methadone-poisoning-a-report-from-iran
#18
Nastaran Eizadi-Mood, Seyed Amir Hossein Madani Naeini, Mahrang Hedaiaty, Ali Mohammad Sabzghabaee, Maryam Moudi
OBJECTIVE: Methadone poisoning is common in our society, mainly in drug addicts. One of its lethal complications is pulmonary edema. Therefore, we evaluated the prevalence of pulmonary edema in the deceased cases with methadone poisoning and its possible relationship with some medical variables. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study which was done in 2014, we have investigated the deceased patients with methadone toxicity who underwent autopsy at Isfahan Forensic Medicine Department (Iran)...
October 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843966/detecting-and-managing-drug-related-problems-in-the-neurology-ward-of-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-iran-a-clinical-pharmacist-s-intervention
#19
Farzaneh Foroughinia, Seyyed Ramtin Tazarehie, Peyman Petramfar
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, the role of clinical pharmacists has become more prominent by more clinical pharmacists joining the health-care teams. This study was aimed to assess the role of a clinical pharmacist specialist in detecting and managing drug-related problems (DRPs) in the neurology ward of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Iran. METHODS: This is a prospective cross-sectional study conducted on 123 hospitalized patients admitted to the neurology ward of a teaching hospital...
October 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843965/a-new-approach-to-vancomycin-utilization-evaluation-a-cross-sectional-study-in-intensive-care-unit
#20
Atefeh Mahmoodian, Saeed Abbasi, Shadi Farsaei
OBJECTIVE: The risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is increasing in recent years with high rate of morbidity and mortality. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to evaluate the rationale use of vancomycin in ICU patients. METHODS: A total of 200 patients who received at least 48 h intravenous vancomycin were randomly selected from ICU wards, during 9 months. Vancomycin administration and related clinical and laboratory data were gathered from patients' charts and health information system to evaluate the appropriateness of different aspects of vancomycin use during all days which vancomycin were ordered...
October 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
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