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Lancet Global Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894851/effectiveness-of-insecticide-treated-bednets-in-malaria-prevention-in-haiti-a-case-control-study
#1
Laura C Steinhardt, Yvan St Jean, Daniel Impoinvil, Kimberly E Mace, Ryan Wiegand, Curtis S Huber, Jean Semé Fils Alexandre, Joseph Frederick, Emery Nkurunziza, Samuel Jean, Brian Wheeler, Ellen Dotson, Laurence Slutsker, S Patrick Kachur, John W Barnwell, Jean Frantz Lemoine, Michelle A Chang
BACKGROUND: Insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs) are effective in preventing malaria where vectors primarily bite indoors and late at night, but their effectiveness is uncertain where vectors bite outdoors and earlier in the evening. We studied the effectiveness of ITNs following a mass distribution in Haiti from May to September, 2012, where the Anopheles albimanus vector bites primarily outdoors and often when people are awake. METHODS: In this case-control study, we enrolled febrile patients presenting to outpatient departments at 17 health facilities throughout Haiti from Sept 4, 2012, to Feb 27, 2014, who were tested with malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), and administered questionnaires on ITN use and other risk factors...
November 25, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894850/generating-the-evidence-base-for-malaria-elimination-the-situation-in-haiti
#2
L C Okell, T S Churcher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884709/seeing-beyond-2020-an-economic-evaluation-of-contemporary-and-emerging-strategies-for-elimination-of-trypanosoma-brucei-gambiense
#3
C Simone Sutherland, Christopher M Stone, Peter Steinmann, Marcel Tanner, Fabrizio Tediosi
BACKGROUND: Trypanosoma brucei (T b) gambiense is targeted to reach elimination as a public health problem by 2020 and full elimination by 2030. To achieve these goals, stakeholders need to consider strategies to accelerate elimination. Hence, we aimed to model several options related to current and emerging methods for case detection, treatment, and vector control across settings to assess cost-effectiveness and the probability of elimination. METHODS: Five intervention strategies were modelled over 30 years for low, moderate, and high transmission settings...
November 21, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884708/strategies-for-trypanosoma-brucei-gambiense-elimination
#4
Abhishek Pandey, Alison Galvani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866775/the-case-for-verbal-autopsy-in-health-systems-strengthening
#5
Lucia D'Ambruoso, Ties Boerma, Peter Byass, Edward Fottrell, Kobus Herbst, Karin Källander, Zoë Mullan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865777/making-health-systems-research-work-time-to-shift-funding-to-locally-led-research-in-the-south
#6
Amalia Hasnida, Robert A Borst, Anneke M Johnson, Nada R Rahmani, Sabine van Esland, Maarten O Kok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840069/efficacy-and-safety-of-re-treatment-with-the-same-artemisinin-based-combination-treatment-act-compared-with-an-alternative-act-and-quinine-plus-clindamycin-after-failure-of-first-line-recommended-act-quinact-a-bicentre-open-label-phase-3-randomised-controlled
#7
Hypolite Muhindo Mavoko, Carolyn Nabasumba, Raquel Inocêncio da Luz, Halidou Tinto, Umberto D'Alessandro, Andrew Kambugu, Vito Baraka, Anna Rosanas-Urgell, Pascal Lutumba, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden
BACKGROUND: Quinine or alternative artemisinin-based combination treatment (ACT) is the recommended rescue treatment for uncomplicated malaria. However, patients are often re-treated with the same ACT though it is unclear whether this is the most suitable approach. We assessed the efficacy and safety of re-treating malaria patients with uncomplicated failures with the same ACT used for the primary episode, compared with other rescue treatments. METHODS: This was a bicentre, open-label, randomised, three-arm phase 3 trial done in Lisungi health centre in DR Congo, and Kazo health centre in Uganda in 2012-14...
November 10, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840068/rescuing-artemisinin-combination-therapy-in-africa
#8
Colin J Sutherland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838358/world-pneumonia-day-2016-pulse-oximetry-and-oxygen
#9
Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Rasa Izadnegahdar, Keith P Klugman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815148/the-effect-of-a-conditional-cash-transfer-on-hiv-incidence-in-young-women-in-rural-south-africa-hptn-068-a-phase-3-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Audrey Pettifor, Catherine MacPhail, James P Hughes, Amanda Selin, Jing Wang, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Susan H Eshleman, Ryan G Wagner, Wonderful Mabuza, Nomhle Khoza, Chirayath Suchindran, Immitrude Mokoena, Rhian Twine, Philip Andrew, Ellen Townley, Oliver Laeyendecker, Yaw Agyei, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn
BACKGROUND: Cash transfers have been proposed as an intervention to reduce HIV-infection risk for young women in sub-Saharan Africa. However, scarce evidence is available about their effect on reducing HIV acquisition. We aimed to assess the effect of a conditional cash transfer on HIV incidence among young women in rural South Africa. METHODS: We did a phase 3, randomised controlled trial (HPTN 068) in the rural Bushbuckridge subdistrict in Mpumalanga province, South Africa...
November 1, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815147/cash-transfers-magic-bullet-or-fundamental-ingredient
#11
Lucie Cluver, Lorraine Sherr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815146/zika-virus-in-pakistan-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#12
LETTER
Azeem Mehmood Butt, Shafiqa Siddique, Lauren M Gardner, Sahotra Sarkar, Renaud Lancelot, Raheel Qamar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815145/harmonisation-of-zika-virus-research-protocols-to-address-key-public-health-concerns
#13
LETTER
Maria D Van Kerkhove, Ludovic Reveiz, Joao Paulo Souza, Thomas Jaenisch, Gail Carson, Nathalie Broutet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793587/sources-of-variation-in-under-5-mortality-across-sub-saharan-africa-a-spatial-analysis
#14
Marshall Burke, Sam Heft-Neal, Eran Bendavid
BACKGROUND: Detailed spatial understanding of levels and trends in under-5 mortality is needed to improve the targeting of interventions to the areas of highest need, and to understand the sources of variation in mortality. To improve this understanding, we analysed local-level information on child mortality across sub-Saharan Africa between 1980-2010. METHODS: We used data from 82 Demographic and Health Surveys in 28 sub-Saharan African countries, including the location and timing of 3·24 million childbirths and 393 685 deaths, to develop high-resolution spatial maps of under-5 mortality in the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s...
October 25, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746227/use-of-live-attenuated-influenza-vaccines-in-young-children-in-resource-poor-settings
#15
Irina Isakova-Sivak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717632/risk-of-poor-development-in-young-children-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-an-estimation-and-analysis-at-the-global-regional-and-country-level
#16
Chunling Lu, Maureen M Black, Linda M Richter
BACKGROUND: A 2007 study published in The Lancet estimated that approximately 219 million children aged younger than 5 years were exposed to stunting or extreme poverty in 2004. We updated the 2004 estimates with the use of improved data and methods and generated estimates for 2010. METHODS: We used country-level prevalence of stunting in children younger than 5 years based on the 2006 Growth Standards proposed by WHO and poverty ratios from the World Bank to estimate children who were either stunted or lived in extreme poverty for 141 low-income and middle-income countries in 2004 and 2010...
September 29, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855873/household-transmission-of-neisseria-meningitidis-in-the-african-meningitis-belt-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#17
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Information on transmission of meningococcal infection in the African meningitis belt is scarce. We aimed to describe transmission patterns of Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcus) in households in the African meningitis belt. METHODS: Cross-sectional carriage surveys were done in seven African meningitis belt countries (Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal) between Aug 1, 2010, and Oct 15, 2012. Meningococcal carriers identified in these surveys and all available people in their households were recruited into this longitudinal cohort study...
December 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855872/multiple-behaviour-change-intervention-for-diarrhoea-control-in-lusaka-zambia-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#18
Katie Greenland, Jenala Chipungu, Val Curtis, Wolf-Peter Schmidt, Zumbe Siwale, Mweetwa Mudenda, Joyce Chilekwa, James J Lewis, Roma Chilengi
BACKGROUND: Effective prevention and control of diarrhoea requires caregivers to comply with a suite of proven measures, including exclusive breastfeeding, handwashing with soap, correct use of oral rehydration salts, and zinc administration. We aimed to assess the effect of a novel behaviour change intervention using emotional drivers on caregiver practice of these behaviours. METHODS: We did a cluster randomised controlled trial in Lusaka Province, Zambia. A random sample of 16 health centres (clusters) were selected from a sampling frame of 81 health centres in three of four districts in Lusaka Province using a computerised random number generator...
December 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855871/stage-at-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Elima Jedy-Agba, Valerie McCormack, Clement Adebamowo, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva
BACKGROUND: The incidence of breast cancer in sub-Saharan Africa is relatively low, but as survival from the disease in the region is poor, mortality rates are as high as in high-income countries. Stage at diagnosis is a major contributing factor to poor survival from breast cancer. We aimed to do a systematic review and meta-analysis on stage at diagnosis of breast cancer in sub-Saharan Africa to examine trends over time, and investigate sources of variations across the region. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Knowledge, and Africa-Wide Information to identify studies on breast cancer stage at diagnosis in sub-Saharan African women published before Jan 1, 2014, and in any language...
December 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855870/correction-to-lancet-glob-health-2016-4-e674-75
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Lancet Global Health
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