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Lancet Global Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089488/high-global-prevalence-of-alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-and-fetal-alcohol-syndrome-indicates-need-for-urgent-action
#1
Tracey W Tsang, Elizabeth J Elliott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089487/estimation-of-national-regional-and-global-prevalence-of-alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-and-fetal-alcohol-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Svetlana Popova, Shannon Lange, Charlotte Probst, Gerrit Gmel, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use during pregnancy is the direct cause of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). We aimed to estimate the prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and FAS in the general population and, by linking these two indicators, estimate the number of pregnant women that consumed alcohol during pregnancy per one case of FAS. METHODS: We began by doing two independent comprehensive systematic literature searches using multiple electronic databases for original quantitative studies that reported the prevalence in the general population of the respective country of alcohol use during pregnancy published from Jan 1, 1984, to June 30, 2014, or the prevalence of FAS published from Nov 1, 1973, to June 30, 2015, in a peer-reviewed journal or scholarly report...
January 12, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089329/in-morocco-the-elimination-of-trachoma-as-a-public-health-problem-becomes-a-reality
#3
Jaouad Hammou, Houda El Ajaroumi, Hassan Hasbi, Ahmed Nakhlaoui, Abderrahim Hmadna, Abderahmane El Maaroufi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017642/immunity-duration-of-a-recombinant-adenovirus-type-5-vector-based-ebola-vaccine-and-a-homologous-prime-boost-immunisation-in-healthy-adults-in-china-final-report-of-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-1-trial
#4
Jing-Xin Li, Li-Hua Hou, Fan-Yue Meng, Shi-Po Wu, Yue-Mei Hu, Qi Liang, Kai Chu, Zhe Zhang, Jun-Jie Xu, Rong Tang, Wen-Juan Wang, Pei Liu, Jia-Lei Hu, Li Luo, Rong Jiang, Feng-Cai Zhu, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: The 2013-15 Ebola virus disease epidemic in west Africa greatly accelerated the development of Ebola vaccine. We aimed to analyse the immune persistence induced by one shot of an adenovirus type-5 vector-based Ebola virus vaccine up to 6 months and the effect of boosting with a homologous vector in healthy adults in China. METHODS: In a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 1 clinical trial in one site in Jiangsu Province, China, 120 healthy adults aged 18-60 years received an initial dose of intramuscular adenovirus type-5 Ebola virus vaccine of 4·0 × 10(10) viral particles, 1·6 × 10(11) viral particles, or placebo, and were followed up to day 168...
December 22, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007478/national-and-regional-under-5-mortality-in-china-in-the-past-two-decades
#5
Maigeng Zhou, Haidong Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007477/national-and-subnational-all-cause-and-cause-specific-child-mortality-in-china-1996-2015-a-systematic-analysis-with-implications-for-the-sustainable-development-goals
#6
Chunhua He, Li Liu, Yue Chu, Jamie Perin, Li Dai, Xiaohong Li, Lei Miao, Leni Kang, Qi Li, Robert Scherpbier, Sufang Guo, Igor Rudan, Peige Song, Kit Yee Chan, Yan Guo, Robert E Black, Yanping Wang, Jun Zhu
BACKGROUND: China has achieved Millennium Development Goal 4 to reduce under-5 mortality rate by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. In this study, we estimated the national and subnational levels and causes of child mortality in China annually from 1996 to 2015 to draw implications for achievement of the SDGs for China and other low-income and middle-income countries. METHODS: In this systematic analysis, we adjusted empirical data on levels and causes of child mortality collected in the China Maternal and Child Health Surveillance System to generate representative estimates at the national and subnational levels...
December 19, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988147/simplified-antibiotic-regimens-for-community-management-of-neonatal-sepsis
#7
Harish Nair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988146/simplified-antibiotic-regimens-for-treatment-of-clinical-severe-infection-in-the-outpatient-setting-when-referral-is-not-possible-for-young-infants-in-pakistan-simplified-antibiotic-therapy-trial-satt-a-randomised-open-label-equivalence-trial
#8
Fatima Mir, Imran Nisar, Shiyam S Tikmani, Benazir Baloch, Sadia Shakoor, Fyezah Jehan, Imran Ahmed, Simon Cousens, Anita K M Zaidi
BACKGROUND: Parenteral antibiotic therapy for young infants (aged 0-59 days) with suspected sepsis is sometimes not available or feasible in countries with high neonatal mortality. Outpatient treatment could save lives in such settings. We aimed to assess the equivalence of two simplified antibiotic regimens, comprising fewer injections and oral rather than parenteral administration, compared with a reference treatment for young infants with clinical severe infection. METHODS: We undertook the Simplified Antibiotic Therapy Trial (SATT), a three-arm, randomised, open-label, equivalence trial in five communities in Karachi, Pakistan...
December 14, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956188/open-letter-to-the-candidates-for-director-general-of-who-will-you-support-a-patient-centred-r-d-agreement
#9
LETTER
Melissa J Barber, Dzintars Gotham, Júlia Muntanyà, Thirukumaran Balasubramaniam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964869/relapse-to-opioid-use-in-opioid-dependent-individuals-released-from-compulsory-drug-detention-centres-compared-with-those-from-voluntary-methadone-treatment-centres-in-malaysia-a-two-arm-prospective-observational-study
#10
Martin P Wegman, Frederick L Altice, Sangeeth Kaur, Vanesa Rajandaran, Sutayut Osornprasop, David Wilson, David P Wilson, Adeeba Kamarulzaman
BACKGROUND: Detention of people who use drugs into compulsory drug detention centres (CDDCs) is common throughout East and Southeast Asia. Evidence-based pharmacological therapies for treating substance use disorders, such as opioid agonist treatments with methadone, are generally unavailable in these settings. We used a unique opportunity where CDDCs coexisted with voluntary drug treatment centres (VTCs) providing methadone in Malaysia to compare the timing and occurrence of opioid relapse (measured using urine drug testing) in individuals transitioning from CDDCs versus methadone maintenance in VTCs...
December 7, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964868/compulsory-drug-detention-centres-time-to-question-their-continued-use
#11
Anne Bergenstrom, Gino Vumbaca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838358/world-pneumonia-day-2016-pulse-oximetry-and-oxygen
#12
Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Rasa Izadnegahdar, Keith P Klugman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815148/the-effect-of-a-conditional-cash-transfer-on-hiv-incidence-in-young-women-in-rural-south-africa-hptn-068-a-phase-3-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Audrey Pettifor, Catherine MacPhail, James P Hughes, Amanda Selin, Jing Wang, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Susan H Eshleman, Ryan G Wagner, Wonderful Mabuza, Nomhle Khoza, Chirayath Suchindran, Immitrude Mokoena, Rhian Twine, Philip Andrew, Ellen Townley, Oliver Laeyendecker, Yaw Agyei, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn
BACKGROUND: Cash transfers have been proposed as an intervention to reduce HIV-infection risk for young women in sub-Saharan Africa. However, scarce evidence is available about their effect on reducing HIV acquisition. We aimed to assess the effect of a conditional cash transfer on HIV incidence among young women in rural South Africa. METHODS: We did a phase 3, randomised controlled trial (HPTN 068) in the rural Bushbuckridge subdistrict in Mpumalanga province, South Africa...
November 1, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815147/cash-transfers-magic-bullet-or-fundamental-ingredient
#14
Lucie Cluver, Lorraine Sherr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815146/zika-virus-in-pakistan-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#15
LETTER
Azeem Mehmood Butt, Shafiqa Siddique, Lauren M Gardner, Sahotra Sarkar, Renaud Lancelot, Raheel Qamar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815145/harmonisation-of-zika-virus-research-protocols-to-address-key-public-health-concerns
#16
LETTER
Maria D Van Kerkhove, Ludovic Reveiz, Joao Paulo Souza, Thomas Jaenisch, Gail Carson, Nathalie Broutet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793587/sources-of-variation-in-under-5-mortality-across-sub-saharan-africa-a-spatial-analysis
#17
Marshall Burke, Sam Heft-Neal, Eran Bendavid
BACKGROUND: Detailed spatial understanding of levels and trends in under-5 mortality is needed to improve the targeting of interventions to the areas of highest need, and to understand the sources of variation in mortality. To improve this understanding, we analysed local-level information on child mortality across sub-Saharan Africa between 1980-2010. METHODS: We used data from 82 Demographic and Health Surveys in 28 sub-Saharan African countries, including the location and timing of 3·24 million childbirths and 393 685 deaths, to develop high-resolution spatial maps of under-5 mortality in the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s...
October 25, 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104188/maternal-multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-and-other-biomedical-and-socioenvironmental-influences-on-children-s-cognition-at-age-9-12-years-in-indonesia-follow-up-of-the-summit-randomised-trial
#18
Elizabeth L Prado, Susy K Sebayang, Mandri Apriatni, Siti R Adawiyah, Nina Hidayati, Ayuniarti Islamiyah, Sudirman Siddiq, Benyamin Harefa, Jarrad Lum, Katherine J Alcock, Michael T Ullman, Husni Muadz, Anuraj H Shankar
BACKGROUND: Brain and cognitive development during the first 1000 days from conception are affected by multiple biomedical and socioenvironmental determinants including nutrition, health, nurturing, and stimulation. An improved understanding of the long-term influence of these factors is needed to prioritise public health investments to optimise human development. METHODS: We did a follow-up study of the Supplementation with Multiple Micronutrients Intervention Trial (SUMMIT), a double-blind, cluster-randomised trial of maternal supplementation with multiple micronutrients (MMN) or iron and folic acid (IFA) in Indonesia...
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104187/growth-faltering-in-rural-gambian-children-after-four-decades-of-interventions-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Helen M Nabwera, Anthony J Fulford, Sophie E Moore, Andrew M Prentice
BACKGROUND: Growth faltering remains common in children in sub-Saharan Africa and is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Due to a very slow decline in the prevalence of stunting, the total number of children with stunting continues to rise in sub-Saharan Africa. Identification of effective interventions remains a challenge. METHODS: We analysed the effect of 36 years of intensive health interventions on growth in infants and young children from three rural Gambian villages...
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104186/effects-of-bidi-smoking-on-all-cause-mortality-and-cardiorespiratory-outcomes-in-men-from-south-asia-an-observational-community-based-substudy-of-the-prospective-urban-rural-epidemiology-study-pure
#20
MyLinh Duong, Sumathy Rangarajan, Xiaohe Zhang, Kieran Killian, Prem Mony, Sumathi Swaminathan, Ankalmadagu Venkatsubbareddy Bharathi, Sanjeev Nair, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, Indu Mohan, Rajeev Gupta, Deepa Mohan, Shanthi Rani, Viswanathan Mohan, Romaina Iqbal, Khawar Kazmi, Omar Rahman, Rita Yusuf, Lakshmi Venkata Maha Pinnaka, Rajesh Kumar, Paul O'Byrne, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Bidis are minimally regulated, inexpensive, hand-rolled tobacco products smoked in south Asia. We examined the effects of bidi smoking on baseline respiratory impairment, and prospectively collected data for all-cause mortality and cardiorespiratory events in men from this region. METHODS: This substudy of the international, community-based Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study was done in seven centres in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh...
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
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