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Lancet Global Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625793/comparison-of-sputum-collection-methods-for-tuberculosis-diagnosis-a-systematic-review-and-pairwise-and-network-meta-analysis
#1
Sumona Datta, Lena Shah, Robert H Gilman, Carlton A Evans
BACKGROUND: The performance of laboratory tests to diagnose pulmonary tuberculosis is dependent on the quality of the sputum sample tested. The relative merits of sputum collection methods to improve tuberculosis diagnosis are poorly characterised. We therefore aimed to investigate the effects of sputum collection methods on tuberculosis diagnosis. METHODS: We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate whether non-invasive sputum collection methods in people aged at least 12 years improve the diagnostic performance of laboratory testing for pulmonary tuberculosis...
June 15, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625792/remembering-the-basics-interventions-to-improve-sputum-collection-for-tuberculosis-diagnosis
#2
Chad M Centner, Mark Patrick Nicol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578942/twin-singleton-early-life-survival-in-sub-saharan-africa
#3
Kaare Christensen, Morten Bjerregaard-Andersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578941/mortality-among-twins-and-singletons-in-sub-saharan-africa-between-1995-and-2014-a-pooled-analysis-of-data-from-90-demographic-and-health-surveys-in-30-countries
#4
Christiaan W S Monden, Jeroen Smits
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa has the world's highest under-5 and neonatal mortality rates as well as the highest naturally occurring twin rates. Twin pregnancies carry high risk for children and mothers. Under-5 mortality has declined in sub-Saharan Africa over the last decades. It is unknown whether twins have shared in this reduction. METHODS: We pooled data from 90 Demographic and Health Surveys for 30 sub-Saharan Africa countries on births reported between 1995 and 2014...
May 31, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566212/correction-to-lancet-glob-health-2017-5-e593-603
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551407/ending-fistula-within-a-generation-making-the-dream-a-reality
#6
Erin Anastasi, Lauri Romanzi, Saifuddin Ahmed, Anneka T Knuttson, Oladosu Ojengbede, Kate Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528866/financing-of-international-collective-action-for-epidemic-and-pandemic-preparedness
#7
Gavin Yamey, Marco Schäferhoff, Ole Kristian Aars, Barry Bloom, Dennis Carroll, Mukesh Chawla, Victor Dzau, Ricardo Echalar, Indermit Singh Gill, Tore Godal, Sanjeev Gupta, Dean Jamison, Patrick Kelley, Frederik Kristensen, Ceci Mundaca-Shah, Ben Oppenheim, Julie Pavlin, Rodrigo Salvado, Peter Sands, Rocio Schmunis, Agnes Soucat, Lawrence H Summers, Anas El Turabi, Ron Waldman, Ed Whiting
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528865/double-duty-actions-for-ending-malnutrition-within-a-decade
#8
Corinna Hawkes, Alessandro R Demaio, Francesco Branca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499819/correction-to-lancet-glob-health-2017-published-online-april-30-http-dx-doi-org-10-1016-s2214-109x-17-30196-1
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476564/global-mortality-variations-in-patients-with-heart-failure-results-from-the-international-congestive-heart-failure-inter-chf-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Hisham Dokainish, Koon Teo, Jun Zhu, Ambuj Roy, Khalid F AlHabib, Ahmed ElSayed, Lia Palileo-Villaneuva, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Kamilu Karaye, Khalid Yusoff, Andres Orlandini, Karen Sliwa, Charles Mondo, Fernando Lanas, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Amr Badr, Mohamed Elmaghawry, Albertino Damasceno, Kemi Tibazarwa, Emilie Belley-Cote, Kumar Balasubramanian, Shofiqul Islam, Magdi H Yacoub, Mark D Huffman, Karen Harkness, Alex Grinvalds, Robert McKelvie, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Most data on mortality and prognostic factors in patients with heart failure come from North America and Europe, with little information from other regions. Here, in the International Congestive Heart Failure (INTER-CHF) study, we aimed to measure mortality at 1 year in patients with heart failure in Africa, China, India, the Middle East, southeast Asia and South America; we also explored demographic, clinical, and socioeconomic variables associated with mortality. METHODS: We enrolled consecutive patients with heart failure (3695 [66%] clinic outpatients, 2105 [34%] hospital in patients) from 108 centres in six geographical regions...
May 3, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456496/correction-to-lancet-glob-health-2016-4-e453-63
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462879/mental-health-a-bridge-not-so-far
#12
Lorraine Sherr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433564/recognising-the-role-of-community-directed-treatment-and-of-women-in-the-fight-against-ntds
#13
Uche Amazigo, Andy Crump, Tore Godal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619230/innovative-financing-instruments-for-global-health-2002-15-a-systematic-analysis
#14
Rifat Atun, Sachin Silva, Felicia M Knaul
Development assistance for health (DAH), the value of which peaked in 2013 and fell in 2015, is unlikely to rise substantially in the near future, increasing reliance on domestic and innovative financing sources to sustain health programmes in low-income and middle-income countries. We examined innovative financing instruments (IFIs)-financing schemes that generate and mobilise funds-to estimate the quantum of financing mobilised from 2002 to 2015. We identified ten IFIs, which mobilised US$8·9 billion (2·3% of overall DAH) in 2002-15...
July 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619229/cost-effectiveness-of-xpert-mtb-rif-for-tuberculosis-diagnosis-in-south-africa-a-real-world-cost-analysis-and-economic-evaluation
#15
Anna Vassall, Mariana Siapka, Nicola Foster, Lucy Cunnama, Lebogang Ramma, Katherine Fielding, Kerrigan McCarthy, Gavin Churchyard, Alison Grant, Edina Sinanovic
BACKGROUND: In 2010 a new diagnostic test for tuberculosis, Xpert MTB/RIF, received a conditional programmatic recommendation from WHO. Several model-based economic evaluations predicted that Xpert would be cost-effective across sub-Saharan Africa. We investigated the cost-effectiveness of Xpert in the real world during national roll-out in South Africa. METHODS: For this real-world cost analysis and economic evaluation, we applied extensive primary cost and patient event data from the XTEND study, a pragmatic trial examining Xpert introduction for people investigated for tuberculosis in 40 primary health facilities (20 clusters) in South Africa enrolled between June 8, and Nov 16, 2012, to estimate the costs and cost per disability-adjusted life-year averted of introducing Xpert as the initial diagnostic test for tuberculosis, compared with sputum smear microscopy (the standard of care)...
July 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619228/effect-of-community-health-clubs-on-child-diarrhoea-in-western-rwanda-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Sheela S Sinharoy, Wolf-Peter Schmidt, Ronald Wendt, Leodomir Mfura, Erin Crossett, Karen A Grépin, William Jack, Bernard Ngabo Rwabufigiri, James Habyarimana, Thomas Clasen
BACKGROUND: Community health clubs are multi-session village-level gatherings led by trained facilitators and designed to promote healthy behaviours mainly related to water, sanitation, and hygiene. They have been implemented in several African and Asian countries but have never been evaluated rigorously. We aimed to evaluate the effect of two versions of the community health club model on child health and nutrition outcomes. METHODS: We did a cluster-randomised trial in Rusizi district, western Rwanda...
July 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619227/efficacy-and-safety-of-praziquantel-in-preschool-aged-and-school-aged-children-infected-with-schistosoma-mansoni-a-randomised-controlled-parallel-group-dose-ranging-phase-2-trial
#17
Jean T Coulibaly, Gordana Panic, Kigbafori D Silué, Jana Kovač, Jan Hattendorf, Jennifer Keiser
BACKGROUND: Praziquantel has been the drug of choice for schistosomiasis control for more than 40 years, yet surprisingly, the optimal dose for children younger than 4 years is not known. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of escalating praziquantel dosages in preschool-aged children (PSAC). METHODS: We did a randomised controlled, parallel-group, single-blind, dose-ranging, phase 2 trial in PSAC (2-5 years) and school-aged children (SAC; aged 6-15 years) as a comparator group in southern Côte d'Ivoire...
July 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619226/correction-to-lancet-glob-health-2017-5-e537-44
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619225/the-predicament-of-patients-with-suspected-ebola-authors-reply
#19
LETTER
Eugene T Richardson, Mosoka P Fallah, J Daniel Kelly, Mohamed Bailor Barrie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619224/the-predicament-of-patients-with-suspected-ebola
#20
LETTER
Felicity Fitzgerald, David E Baion, Kevin Wing, Shunmay Yeung, Foday Sahr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Lancet Global Health
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