Read by QxMD icon Read

Molecular and Clinical Oncology

Aude Thouvenot, Yasmine Bizet, Laurent S Baccar, Michele Lamuraglia
Metastasis of non-gynaecological tumours to the cervix is a rare event, and metastasis from breast cancer is even rarer, with only a limited number of such cases reported in the literature to date. We herein report the case of an 86-year-old female patient who had undergone mastectomy and axillary lymphadenectomy for invasive ductal cell breast carcinoma 2 years prior, followed by adjuvant hormonal therapy with letrozole. During hospitalization for anemia associated with an inflammatory syndrome and abdominal pain with menorrhagia, an abdominal ultrasound examination revealed a suspicious uterine mass with irregular contours and abnormal vascularization with associated increase of the blood level of cancer antigen 15-3 to 34 kU/l...
July 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Raoudha Doghri, Salma Chaabouni, Yoldez Houcine, Lamia Charfi, Nadia Boujelbene, Maha Driss, Karima Mrad
The aim of the study was to investigate whether the tumor free distance (TFD), which is the distance in millimeters between the deepest point of invasion and the serosal surface, and absolute depth of invasion (DMI), the distance in millimeters between the endomyometrial junction and the deepest point of myometrial invasion, are useful in surgical staging and in predicting prognosis. The present study retrospectively analyzed 62 cases of endometrial carcinoma with complete surgical staging, carried out over a 4 and half-year period (January 2003 to June 2007)...
July 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Yoshihiro Morita, Takaki Iwagami, Chisato Kawakita, Yukiko Kusuyama, Atsuko Niki-Yonekawa, Nobuo Morita
Following breast and lung cancers, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the third most frequent cancer to metastasize to the head and neck region, though such cases are rarely reported. Distinguishing between malignant tumors of salivary gland origin and metastatic RCC is very important. The case of a 75-year-old man with an oral cavity lesion in the left buccal submucosa measuring 40×30 mm that had grown substantially over several weeks is presented. His medical history included left kidney cancer 26 years earlier and a malignant myoepithelioma of the left buccal region 7 years earlier...
July 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Kazuhiko Hashimoto, Shunji Nishimura, Ryosuke Kakinoki, Masao Akagi
Intraosseous lipomas occurring in the bones of the upper limbs are very rare. The tumor often occurs in long bones, especially the calcaneus. Usually patients with intraosseous lipomas present with mild clinical features. Thus far, bone destruction caused by the tumor has not been reported. The present study reported a case of an aggressive intraosseous lipoma that developed in the intermediate phalanges of the thumb. This is an extremely rare case with extraosseous development, which occurred at a rare site...
July 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Kazuaki Shibuya, Shigenori Homma, Tadashi Yoshida, Yosuke Ohno, Nobuki Ichikawa, Hideki Kawamura, Teppei Imamoto, Yoshihiro Matsuno, Akinobu Taketomi
The development of colorectal cancer in long-standing Crohn's disease (CD) patients has become a major complication. Therapeutic guidelines for CD-associated cancer (CDAC) have already been established in Western countries; however, specific guidelines are not currently available in Japan. Surveillance of the residual intestine for cancer screening is important for long-standing CD patients. The present case report describes the occurrence of rectal carcinoma in a patient with a 25-year history of CD. A 37-year-old male with a 17-year history of CD underwent semi-emergent subtotal colectomy and ileostomy for bowel obstruction secondary to the transverse colon stenosis, and multiple severe stenosis and inflammation...
July 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Yue-Hua Zhang, Yuquan Lu, Hong Lu, Meng-Wei Zhang, Yue-Min Zhou, Xiang-Lei Li, Pin Lv, Xiao-Yan Zhao
To date, few studies have reported the prognostic value of pre-treatment hemoglobin levels in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the present study, 416 patients with NSCLC were retrospectively reviewed. Univariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis demonstrated that patients with normal pre-treatment hemoglobin (NPHb) levels had a greater chance of surviving for longer period, than did patients with low pre-treatment hemoglobin (LPHb) levels (HR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.63-2.57; P<0.001)...
July 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Kaori Sandoh, Mitsuaki Ishida, Kimiaki Okano, Yusuke Ebisu, Kento Fukumoto, Tomohito Saito, Tomohiro Murakawa, Tokiko Nakai, Kinta Hatakeyama, Chiho Ohbayashi, Koji Tsuta
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a relatively uncommon mesenchymal tumor, and its occurrence in the meninges is rare. We herein report what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first cytological case of meningeal SFT metastatic to the lung with immunocytochemical analysis for signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6), and compare the cytological characteristics to those of pleuropulmonary SFT. A 58-year-old Japanese male patient was found to have multiple nodules in the bilateral lungs after surgery for meningeal SFT...
July 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Marios Bakogeorgos, Dimitrios Kalkanis, Panagiotis Katsaounis, Vassilios Ramfidis, Chariklia Speliades, Ekaterini Pierrakou, Savvas Papadopoulos, Nikolaos Pantazopoulos, Vassilis Georgoulias, Athanasios Kotsakis, Nikolaos Kentepozidis
Primary small cell gastric carcinomas (SCGC) are rare tumors with an aggressive nature, characterized by early, widespread metastases and poor overall prognosis. SCGC shares similar clinicopathological and molecular characteristics with small cell lung carcinoma and is usually treated in a similar manner. Here, two cases of SCGC in young Caucasian male patients are presented. One patient had metastatic and the other locoregional disease. Multimodal treatment was applied in each case; the resulting survival time was 20...
July 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Yasuomi Shimizu, Taro Iguchi, Satoshi Tamada, Sayaka Yasuda, Minoru Kato, Noriko Ninomiya, Takeshi Yamasaki, Tatsuya Nakatani
Since the introduction of molecular targeted agents for the treatment of metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC), several treatment outcomes, including those from our facilities, have been reported. However, the outcome of these drugs, classified by the metastatic organs, is not well known. The present study reported the treatment results of molecular-targeted agents as classified by the metastatic organ at Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine. A total of 180 consecutively treated patients who had received molecular targeted agents for metastatic renal cancer for 3 or more months were retrospectively analyzed...
June 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Keita Kouzu, Hironori Tsujimoto, Shuichi Hiraki, Shinsuke Nomura, Junji Yamamoto, Hideki Ueno
The preoperative diagnosis of T stage is important in selecting limited treatments, such as laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG), which lacks the ability to palpate the tumor. Therefore, the present study examined the accuracy of preoperative diagnosis of the depth of tumor invasion in early gastric cancer from the view point of the indication for LPG. A total of 193 patients with cT1 gastric cancer underwent LPG with gastrointestinal endoscopic examinations and a series of upper gastrointestinal radiographs...
June 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Jinling Zhang, Yuanyuan Liu, Fengyuan Che, Yi Luo, Wei Huang, Xueyuan Heng, Baosheng Li
The aim of the present study was to explore the pattern of lymph node metastasis (LNM) in poorly-differentiated esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (pdESCC) and the implication of postoperative irradiation. A total of 690 patients with pdESCC were retrospectively investigated. The rates of intro-thoracic and extra-thoracic LNM in pdESCC were investigated and compared to previous research on ESCC en bloc. The comparison of the rates between pdESCC and ESCC were performed using the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test...
June 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Shun Yin Kong, Wing Kit Lam, Ka Shu Li, Ka Pik Yeung, Chung Yin Ha, Ho Kei Lai, Hay Nun Chan, Yiu Ming Yeung, Sze Fai Yip
t(11;14) translocation is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities in plasma cell myeloma. The present case report presented a case of plasma cell myeloma with t(11;14) translocation, in which the plasma cells were small lymphoplasmacytoids in morphology with positive cluster of differentiation-20 and Cyclin D1 expression. These results led to initial diagnostic difficulties. The patient was refractory to bortezomib-based therapy, and responsive to vincristine, doxorubicin and dexamethasone. However, the prognostic value of t(11;14) in plasma cell myeloma remains to be determined...
June 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Yajuan Qiu, Junna Hou, Dexun Hao, Dandan Zhang
Extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is an aggressive disease with poor prognosis. The lung is a relatively rare site of involvement. The current study presents a case of primary pulmonary ENKTL with fever and dyspnea, mimicking pneumonia and initially treated with empirical antibiotics. The patient demonstrated rapid deterioration and died shortly following diagnosis. To the best of our knowledge, large-scale investigations referring to primary pulmonary ENKTL are not available. As a result, the exact incidence and clinical features of primary pulmonary ENKTL are unknown...
June 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Kamil Pohlodek, Miroslav Janík, Iveta Mečiarová, František Ondriaš
Myositis ossificans (MO) is characterized by abnormal heterotopic ossification formation, typically involving muscles, tendons, ligaments, fascia, and aponeurosis. It can be categorized into nonhereditary and hereditary types, with the latter being a distinct entity with a separate pathophysiology and treatment approach. The pathophysiology of MO formation remains to be fully elucidated. MO is most commonly observed in muscle tissue as a solitary lesion. The disease has been reported to occur in all ages, including the very young and in atypical locations, including hands, feet, ribs, head and neck...
June 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Yulin Lai, Liang Zhou, Jia Hu, Wenhua Li, Lin Cui, Yongqing Lai, Liangchao Ni
Adrenal collision tumors (ACTs) are distinct tumors that occur simultaneously in the same adrenal gland and are very rare. We herein report the case of a 56-year-old woman who was admitted to the hospital for medical imaging. The findings of the physical and laboratory examinations, including endocrine function, were unremarkable. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the abdomen revealed a 28×20×33-mm mass in the left adrenal medial limb, for which a laparoscopic surgery was performed. Postoperative pathological examination revealed two distinct tumors, namely a parachordoma and a ganglioneuroma...
June 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Leonardo Horbach, Marialva Sinigaglia, Camila Alves Da Silva, Danielly Brufatto Olguins, Lauro José Gregianin, Algemir Lunardi Brunetto, André Tesainer Brunetto, Rafael Roesler, Caroline Brunetto De Farias
Ewing Sarcoma (ES) is a highly aggressive bone and soft tissue childhood cancer. The development of resistance to chemotherapy is common and remains the main cause of treatment failure. We herein evaluated the expression of genes associated with chemotherapy resistance in ES cell lines. A set of genes (CCAR1, TUBA1A, POLDIP2, SMARCA4 and SMARCB1) was data-mined for resistance against doxorubicin and vincristine, which are the standard drugs used in the treatment of patients with ES. The expression of each gene in SK-ES-1 ES cells was reported before and after exposure to a drug resistance-inducing protocol...
June 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Milly Buwenge, Alfonso Marinelli, Francesco Deodato, Gabriella Macchia, Tigeneh Wondemagegnhu, Tareq Salah, Silvia Cammelli, A F M Kamal Uddin, Mostafa A Sumon, Constanza M Donati, Savino Cilla, Alessio G Morganti
The present study aimed to provide practical guidelines for palliative treatment of advanced carcinoma of the pancreas (CAP) with the 2D technique. Fifteen patients with locally advanced CAP consecutively treated with radiation therapy at the Radiation Oncology Center, Research and Care Foundation 'Giovanni Paolo II' (Campobasso, Italy) underwent computed tomography simulation in supine position. Definition of the clinical target volume (CTV) included the head and body of the pancreas, and the retropancreatic space...
June 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Hiroshi Tamagawa, Toru Aoyama, Kenta Iguchi, Hirohito Fujikawa, Sho Sawazaki, Tsutomu Sato, Hiroyuki Musiake, Takashi Oshima, Norio Yukawa, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda
The prevalence of colorectal cancer in the elderly population is increasing; therefore, surgical interventions with a risk of potential complications are more frequently performed. The aim of the present study was to elucidate whether sarcopenia has a clinical impact on short-term outcomes, such as morbidity and hospital stay after surgery, in elderly patients with colorectal cancer. A total of 82 elderly patients undergoing colectomy for colorectal cancer between January 2011 and December 2015 in our institute were included in the study, and skeletal muscle mass was measured as total psoas area at the level of the third lumbar vertebra (L3) using enhanced computed tomography scans...
June 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Christian Tang Axelsen, Anders Bonde Jensen, Erik Hugger Jakobsen, Troels Bechmann
The present study aimed to evaluate the extent of loss in bone mineral density (BMD) during neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy for early stage breast cancer. A retrospective cohort study was conducted to quantify the loss of BMD one year following the start of chemotherapy and to identify potential risk factors of excessive BMD loss. Based on DXA-scans prior to and one year following chemotherapy, the loss of BMD was evaluated in early stage breast cancer patients treated from January 2012 to December 2014...
June 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Qipeng Sun, Bin Miao, Xiangming Lao, Ping Yuan, Jiarong Cai, Hailun Zhan
Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) rarely occurs as a primary renal neoplasm. Renal (r)PNET is a rare but aggressive neoplasm with poor prognosis; the majority of patients are diagnosed as advanced stage at presentation and face a worse prognosis than patients with localized disease. The present study describes the diagnosis and management of eight cases of rPNET at an advanced stage, who were treated at two institutions [Lingnan Hospital (branch of The Third Affiliated Hospital) and the Cancer Center of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou], from December 2004 to January 2013...
June 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"