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Molecular and Clinical Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685095/efficacy-and-toxicity-of-docetaxel-combination-chemotherapy-for-advanced-squamous-cell-cancer-of-the-head-and-neck
#1
Andreas E Albers, Regina Grabow, Xu Qian, Masen D Jumah, Veit M Hofmann, Alexander Krannich, Gabriele Pecher
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and toxicity of docetaxel with 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin as combination treatment in patients with curable or metastatic/recurrent head and neck cancer by a retrospective cohort study of patients treated at a single institution between 2007 and 2012. Patients with locally advanced, metastatic and/or recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN), who were treated with a combination therapy including docetaxel, were considered as eligible...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685094/treatment-of-high-grade-osteoblastic-osteosarcoma-of-the-humerus-in-a-5-year-old-boy-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-case-report
#2
Kenichi V Okuda, Jutta Hammermann, Björn S Lange, Jana C Fischer, Falk Thielemann, Ralf Knöfler, Meinolf Suttorp
Antineoplastic treatment of osteoblastic osteosarcoma in a patient with cystic fibrosis (CF) may harbor a high risk of neutropenia-associated complications, and, to the best of our knowledge, has not been previously reported. Diagnosis of CF was confirmed in a 6-week-old boy following pathological newborn screening. The patient had a stable course of CF under standardized continuous therapy. At the age of 5 years, osteosarcoma of the left proximal humerus was diagnosed without evidence of metastases. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, including doxorubicin, cisplatin and methotrexate, was administered for 10 weeks...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685093/bilateral-primary-adrenal-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-without-adrenal-insufficiency-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Peijie Chen, Lu Jin, Yu Yang, Liangchao Ni, Shangqi Yang, Yongqing Lai
Primary adrenal lymphoma (PAL) is an infrequent malignant tumor, occurring in the bilateral adrenal glands as a mass in the majority of cases. The current study presents a case of bilateral primary adrenal diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a 52-year-old female patient, who presented with abdominal pain in the left lumbar region for ~2 weeks. Abdominal ultrasound examination and computed tomography scanning revealed a mass of 132×119×101 mm on the left adrenal gland and a mass of 53×27 mm on the right adrenal gland...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685092/concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-with-s-1-in-patients-with-stage-iii-iv-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-retrospective-analysis-of-nodal-classification-based-on-the-neck-node-level
#4
Ryuji Murakami, Akiko Semba, Kenta Kawahara, Keiya Matsuyama, Akimitsu Hiraki, Masashi Nagata, Ryo Toya, Yasuyuki Yamashita, Natsuo Oya, Hideki Nakayama
The aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the treatment outcomes of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with S-1, an oral fluoropyrimidine anticancer agent, for advanced oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The study population consisted of 47 patients with clinical stage III or IV oral SCC, who underwent CCRT with S-1. Pretreatment variables, including patient age, clinical stage, T classification, midline involvement of the primary tumor and nodal status, were analyzed as predictors of survival...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685091/asbestos-related-lung-cancers-a-retrospective-clinical-and-pathological-study
#5
Marie Uguen, Jean-Dominique Dewitte, Pascale Marcorelles, Brice Loddé, Richard Pougnet, Philippe Saliou, Marc De Braekeleer, Arnaud Uguen
Exposure to asbestos results in serious risks of developing mesothelioma and lung cancer. The link between asbestos exposure and lung carcinoma is well established. Nevertheless, precise histopathological data are poorly considered when investigating the asbestos-cancer link in a compensatory approach. In the present study, we aim to describe the features of individuals with compensated lung cancer who were referred to an occupational disease center, regarding occupational exposure to asbestos, smoking history and pathological data...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685090/a-retrospective-study-of-docetaxel-and-bevacizumab-as-a-second-or-later-line-chemotherapy-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#6
Koichi Kurishima, Hiroko Watanabe, Hiroichi Ishikawa, Hiroaki Satoh, Nobuyuki Hizawa
Comparative results of second- or later-line bevacizumab plus docetaxel and docetaxel alone for patients with NSCLC have never been reported. In order to evaluate the combined effect of bevacizumab and docetaxel as second- or later-line chemotherapy for NSCLC, a retrospective study was performed. Between November 2009 and April 2016, the medical records of all the patients <75 years old who were treated with docetaxel (60 mg/m(2), day1, q3 or 4 weeks) plus bevacizumab (15 mg/kg, day 1, q3 or 4 weeks) as a second- or later-line chemotherapy were reviewed...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685089/comparing-the-cost-effectiveness-of-folfirinox-nab-paclitaxel-plus-gemcitabine-gemcitabine-and-s-1-for-the-treatment-of-metastatic-pancreatic-cancer
#7
Machiko Kurimoto, Michio Kimura, Eiseki Usami, Mina Iwai, Tatsuya Hirose, Shiori Kawachi, Tomoaki Yoshimura
The recommended chemotherapy regimens for pancreatic cancer include the combination of 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin, oxaliplatin and irinotecan (FOLFIRINOX), nab-paclitaxel (nab-PTX) plus gemcitabine (GEM), GEM alone and tegafur/gimeracil/oteracil potassium (S-1) alone. Although the cost-effectiveness of metastatic pancreatic cancer chemotherapies has been extensively investigated, to the best of our knowledge, no study has specifically compared the cost-effectiveness among FOLFIRINOX, nab-PTX + GEM, GEM and S-1 regimens to date...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685088/modified-glasgow-prognostic-score-in-patients-with-small-cell-lung-cancer
#8
Koichi Kurishima, Hiroko Watanabe, Hiroichi Ishikawa, Hiroaki Satoh, Nobuyuki Hizawa
Systemic inflammatory response, which represents the presence of cachexia, is observed often in patients with lung cancer. To evaluate the prognostic significance of the presence of a systemic inflammatory response in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients, a retrospective study using modified Glasgow prognostic Score (mGPS) was performed. This score is composed of serum albumin and C-reactive protein levels. All the patients with SCLC who were diagnosed in Tsukuba University Hospital, Tsukuba Medical Center Hospital and Mito Medical Center between April 1999 and July 2016 were included in this study...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685087/heterogeneity-in-the-colorectal-primary-tumor-and-the-synchronous-resected-liver-metastases-prior-to-and-after-treatment-with-an-anti-egfr-monoclonal-antibody
#9
Daniela Adua, Francesca Di Fabio, Giorgio Ercolani, Michelangelo Fiorentino, Elisa Gruppioni, Annalisa Altimari, Fabiola Lorena Rojas Limpe, Nicola Normanno, Antonio Daniele Pinna, Carmine Pinto
Molecular heterogeneity between primary tumors (PTs) and synchronous resected liver metastasis in colorectal cancer (CRC) has potential relevance in treatment strategies. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) may be able to increase the chances of identifying multiple molecular driver alterations, calling for therapy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate mutations in PT and synchronous resected liver metastases for patients with Kirsten rat sarcoma 2 viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) exon 2 wild-type metastatic (m)CRC who underwent chemotherapy (CT) featuring an anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibody...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685086/outcomes-of-aggressive-treatment-in-esophageal-cancer-patients-with-synchronous-solitary-brain-metastasis
#10
Cem Onal, Berna Akkus Yildirim, Ozan Cem Guler
The aim of the present study was to investigate the outcomes of esophageal cancer (EC) patients with isolated synchronous brain oligometastasis (oligo-BM) treated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT) of the primary site and localized treatment of the BM with surgery, radiotherapy (RT) or radiosurgery. Of 125 EC patients investigated, seven patients (6%) had solitary BM. Six patients were diagnosed prior to, and one patient was diagnosed during, treatment. All patients were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and whole-brain RT (WBRT) for BM...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685085/diffuse-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-uptake-in-the-bone-marrow-of-a-patient-with-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-producing-pleomorphic-carcinoma-of-the-lung-a-case-report
#11
Takashi Makino, Yoshinobu Hata, Hajime Otsuka, Satoshi Koezuka, Nao Kikuchi, Kazutoshi Isobe, Naobumi Tochigi, Kazutoshi Shibuya, Sakae Homma, Akira Iyoda
The current study presents the case of a 66-year-old male presenting with fever and chest pain. Chest enhanced computed tomography scanning revealed a mass shadow in the right upper lobe with chest wall invasion. 18-Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) identified the localized uptake of the mass lesion in the right upper lobe, in addition to diffuse uptake by the bone marrow. The laboratory data on admission revealed marked leukocytosis and an elevated C-reactive protein level (CRP). Serum concentrations of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and interleukin 6 were increased...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685084/current-condition-of-genetic-medicine-for-hereditary-breast-cancer
#12
Hiroko Terui-Kohbata, Masayuki Yoshida
BRCA1 or BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) germline mutations, which cause hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome, have been studied to develop targeted therapies for these associated cancer types. The BRCA1/2 test has been implemented in more than one hundred medical facilities in a clinical setting in Japan. The purpose of the current study is to document the prevalence and the awareness of genetic medicine for all hereditary breast cancer (HBC) including the BRCA1/2 test in Japan. The self-administered questionnaire was sent to 120 medical facilities where the BRCA1/2 test was provided, and 83 health care professionals participated (response rate, 69...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685083/complete-response-to-second-line-chemotherapy-with-sunitinib-of-a-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-a-case-report
#13
Tsuyoshi Shirakawa, Tomoya Hirata, Kosuke Maemura, Toshiyuki Goto, Yoshiya Shimao, Kosuke Marutsuka, Yuji Ueda, Ikuo Kikuchi
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are a type of sarcoma, and the most common mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. Systemic chemotherapy is recommended for unresectable or metastatic GISTs. Imatinib is an oral multitargeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor that is effective as adjuvant chemotherapy for primary high-risk cases, and as palliative chemotherapy for unresectable or metastatic cases. For imatinib-resistant cases, second-line chemotherapy with sunitinib is recommended due to significantly longer median progression-free survival and higher response rates compared with a placebo...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685082/value-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging-for-evaluating-chemotherapy-response-in-osteosarcoma-a-meta-analysis
#14
Tadahiko Kubo, Taisuke Furuta, Muhammad P Johan, Mitsuo Ochi, Nobuo Adachi
The histological examination of the tumor necrosis upon surgery remains the most reliable prognostic factor for osteosarcoma. However, the detection of more early prognostic factors is desirable in order to increase the survival rates and decrease the risk rates for iatrogenic toxicity. The purpose of the current systematic review and meta-analysis was to provide an up-to-date summary of the role of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for the preoperative assessment of the chemotherapy response in osteosarcoma...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685081/clinical-endoscopic-and-pathological-characteristics-of-colorectal-polyps-in-elderly-patients-single-center-experience
#15
Lei Zhou, Heng Zhang, Shengbin Sun, Manling Huang, Jing Liu, Dan Xu, Min Song, Chenming Sun, Hui Li, Dan Zheng, Yan Fan, Yusheng Liao, Ping Wang, Jie Wu
Increasing age is a risk factor for the development of colorectal adenomas and advanced adenomas. However, few studies have been published on the features of colorectal polyps in the elderly. The present study aimed to investigate the clinical, enteroscopic and pathological characteristics of colorectal polyps in Chinese elderly patients in a single center (The Central Hospital of Wuhan, Hubei, China). The endoscopic and pathological reports of colonoscopies performed in our center were retrospectively analyzed...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685080/association-between-oral-contraceptive-use-as-a-risk-factor-and-triple-negative-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Li Li, Yahua Zhong, Hongyan Zhang, Haijun Yu, Yong Huang, Zheng Li, Gaili Chen, Xinying Hua
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), a unique subtype of breast cancer, which is resistant to endocrine and targeted therapy, usually relapses early, progresses rapidly and is associated with a poor prognosis. Epidemiological investigations focusing on the association between risk factors and the onset of TNBC demonstrated that the incidence of TNBC exhibits a significant correlation with anthropometric, geographical and demographic parameters. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the strength of the association between the use of oral contraceptives (OCs) and TNBC...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685079/epidermal-cyst-of-temporal-bone-as-a-delayed-complication-of-myringoplasty
#17
Michele Cavaliere, Elena Cantone, Stefania Sicignano, Antonella Miriam Di Lullo, Maurizio Iengo
Epidermal cysts are benign tumors derived from the epidermis or the epithelial hair follicle filled with keratin and lipid-rich debris, typically occurring in areas with a high-density of sebaceous glands. These cysts commonly occur on the face, scalp, neck and trunk, where the sebaceous glands are more active. Their localization within the bone is extremely uncommon. The current study details the case of a 24-year-old male who presented with right otorrhea and ipsilateral hypoacusia having undergone right overlay myringoplasty for subtotal eardrum perforation...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685078/-68-ga-psma-pet-ct-for-the-detection-of-bone-metastasis-in-recurrent-prostate-cancer-and-a-psa-level-2-ng-ml-two-case-reports-and-a-literature-review
#18
Lars J Petersen, Julie B Nielsen, Katja Dettmann, Rune V Fisker, Uwe Haberkorn, Louise Stenholt, Helle D Zacho
Localization of prostate cancer recurrence, particularly in the bones, is a major challenge with standard of care imaging in patients with biochemical recurrence following curatively intended treatment. Gallium-68-labeled prostate specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((68)Ga-PSMA PET/CT) is a novel and promising method for imaging in prostate cancer. The present study reports two cases of patients with prostate cancer with biochemical recurrence, with evidence of bone metastases on (68)Ga-PSMA PET/CT images and low prostate specific antigen PSA levels (<2 ng/ml) and PSA doubling time >6 months...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685077/effect-of-treatment-support-on-preventing-local-recurrence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-directly-adjacent-to-the-diaphragm
#19
Toru Ishikawa, Michitaka Imai, Masayoshi Ko, Hiroki Sato, Yujiro Nozawa, Tomoe Sano, Akito Iwanaga, Keiichi Seki, Terasu Honma, Toshiaki Yoshida
Treatment support is anticipated to improve the results of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) treatment in cases in which visualization of tumors using the conventional B-mode is unclear. In the present study, the effectiveness of treatment support for RFA reducing the local recurrence rate of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that are located directly adjacent to the diaphragm, and which are difficult to visualize with B-mode ultrasound imaging, was investigated. A total of 103 HCC tumors measuring <5 cm, which were located abutting the diaphragm, and which were difficult to visualize using the B-mode, were treated using RFA...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685076/follow-up-study-of-liver-metastasis-from-breast-cancer-treated-by-proton-beam-therapy
#20
Nobuyoshi Fukumitsu, Toshiyuki Okumura, Haruko Numajiri, Daichi Takizawa, Kayoko Ohnishi, Masashi Mizumoto, Teruhito Aihara, Hitoshi Ishikawa, Koji Tsuboi, Hideyuki Sakurai
Liver metastasis from breast cancer (LMBC) is an incurable, fatal disease with a very poor prognosis. Although various local treatments have been applied, their clinical utility has not been established. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and effectiveness of proton beam therapy (PBT) for the treatment of patients with LMGC. A total of 8 female patients (aged 38-63 years) with LMBC who received PBT between 2002 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients who had tumors confined to the liver were investigated, whereas patients with extrahepatic tumors were excluded...
July 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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