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Molecular and Clinical Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588799/determining-the-optimum-way-to-maintain-quality-of-life-for-very-elderly-patients-with-advanced-bladder-cancer-and-poor-performance-status-a-case-report
#1
Kenjiro Suzuki, Fuminari Hanashima, Suguru Shirotake, Kiichiro Kodaira, Koshiro Nishimoto, Takao Takahashi, Hideki Onishi, Masafumi Oyama
Locally advanced bladder cancer causes unpleasant symptoms such as irritative voiding symptoms, lower abdominal pain, gross hematuria and urinary retention, and lowers the quality of life. Treatment decisions in elderly patients may be difficult, as elderly patients are physically and psychologically different from younger patients. An 89-year-old male was referred to hospital for the treatment of an invasive bladder tumor with right hydronephrosis from tumor obstruction. The patient was elderly and did not have a good performance status; therefore curative radical cystectomy or chemotherapy was not indicated...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588798/combination-therapy-with-gemcitabine-and-nab-paclitaxel-for-locally-advanced-unresectable-pancreatic-cancer
#2
Takeshi Saito, Keinosuke Ishido, Daisuke Kudo, Norihisa Kimura, Taiichi Wakiya, Yoshihito Nakayama, Kenichi Hakamada
The aim of the present study was to investigate the early treatment outcomes of combined gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel treatment for locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer (LURPC). The subjects comprised 7 patients with LURPC receiving the abovementioned combination therapy at the Hirosaki University Hospital (Hirosaki, Japan) between January and September, 2015. The clinicopathological factors, adverse events and response to treatment were investigated. To determine whether the cases were unresectable, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines, version 2...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588797/widespread-subdural-metastasis-from-breast-cancer-progressing-rapidly-with-cerebral-herniation-a-case-report
#3
Yoshiko Okita, Norikazu Masuda, Makiko Mizutani, Yoshinori Kodama, Kiyoshi Mori, Masayuki Mano, Tomoyoshi Nakagawa, Shin Nakajima, Toshiyuki Fujinaka
We herein present the case of a 49-year-old female patient presenting with nausea and headache. The patient's medical history included breast cancer with bone and lymph node metastasis. Computed tomography (CT) examination revealed a high-density lesion in the right subdural space, suggesting hematoma. During surgery planned for subdural hematoma drainage, an en plaque subdural yellowish-white tumor was identified, without hematoma. Histopathological examination revealed metastatic breast cancer. The patient was administered predonisolone and her neurological symptoms gradually recovered...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588796/analysis-of-the-incidence-of-tumor-lysis-syndrome-in-patients-with-hematological-malignancies-treated-with-rasburicase
#4
Eiseki Usami, Michio Kimura, Mina Iwai, Hitomi Teramachi, Tomoaki Yoshimura
The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) in patients with hematological malignancies treated with rasburicase, and to evaluate the dose and duration of rasburicase administration. A total of 52 patients were enrolled. The background of the patients, incidence of TLS and laboratory data were retrospectively examined; in addition, the dose and duration of rasburicase administration and the factors affecting the onset of TLS were evaluated and compared among TLS risk categories...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588795/cancer-survival-in-qidong-between-1972-and-2011-a-population-based-analysis
#5
Jian-Guo Chen, Jian Zhu, Yong-Hui Zhang, Yi-Xin Zhang, Deng-Fu Yao, Yong-Sheng Chen, Jian-Hua Lu, Lu-Lu Ding, Hai-Zhen Chen, Chao-Yong Zhu, Li-Ping Yang, Yuan-Rong Zhu, Fu-Lin Qiang
Population-based cancer survival is an improved index for evaluating the overall efficiency of cancer health services in a given region. The current study analysed the observed survival and relative survival of leading cancer sites from a population-based cancer registry between 1972 and 2011 in Qidong, China. A total of 92,780 incident cases with cancer were registered and followed-up for survival status. The main sites of the cancer types, based on the rank order of incidence, were the liver, stomach, lung, colon and rectum, oesophagus, breast, pancreas, leukaemia, brain and central nervous system (B and CNS), bladder, blood [non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)] and cervix...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588794/intrahepatic-biloma-following-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-incidence-imaging-features-and-management
#6
Bo Zhang, Yongjian Guo, Ketong Wu, Hong Shan
Repeat transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) becomes more challenging for patients with intrahepatic biloma following TACE for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical course, incidence, imaging features and outcome and to explore the reasonable therapy scheme for intrahepatic biloma following TACE for HCC.A total of 4,695 TACE procedures were performed for 1,923 patients with HCC. Twenty patients with intrahepatic biloma following TACE were studied retrospectively...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588793/double-blind-randomized-study-of-oral-glutamine-on-the-management-of-radio-chemotherapy-induced-mucositis-and-dermatitis-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#7
David Lopez-Vaquero, Lucia Gutierrez-Bayard, Juan-Andres Rodriguez-Ruiz, Monica Saldaña-Valderas, Pedro Infante-Cossio
This randomized clinical trial was designed to determine whether glutamine administration was effective in reducing the incidence and severity of mucositis and dermatitis induced by radiotherapy (RT) or chemoradiotherapy (CHRT) in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). Fifty patients were randomized to receive orally either L-Glutamine or placebo (25 patients in each arm). In the glutamine-treated group, 10 g of oral glutamine was administered three times daily. The primary endpoint was to compare the appearance of clinical mucositis between groups at the 6th week, according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588792/erythropoietin-for-cancer-associated-malignant-anemia-a-meta-analysis
#8
Feng Zhao, Yijuan Wang, Lin Liu, Meiling Bian
The present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of erythropoietin (EPO) for improving cancer-associated malignant anemia. A search was performed for randomized clinical trials, conducted according to the Cochrane manual, using electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrails.gov up to 15 August 2015. A total of 6 eligible studies from 5 articles enrolling a total of 453 patients were entered into the current meta-analysis. Upon EPO treatment, there were significant differences in the change in hemoglobin (HB) levels compared with the placebo at short-term follow-up [mean difference (MD)=0...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588791/synchronous-adie-s-syndrome-and-type-1-antineuronal-nuclear-antibody-anti-hu-related-paraneoplastic-neurological-syndromes-as-predictors-of-complete-response-in-limited-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-case-report
#9
Katherina Bernadette Sreter, Blazenka Barisic, Marija Barisic Kutija, Suzana Kukulj, Miroslav Samarzija
Adie's syndrome (AS) and paraneoplastic sensorimotor neuropathy with cerebellar ataxia (PSN CA) are extremely rare, rapidly progressive, autoimmune diseases associated with the development of antibodies against neuronal-specific Hu proteins that are abnormally expressed in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). We herein present the unique case of a 55-year-old obese woman, previous heavy smoker, who, during treatment with standard cisplatin-etoposide chemotherapy for limited-stage SCLC, developed simultaneous AS and worsening symptoms consistent with PSN CA that led to significant neurological disability and severe axonal electrophysiological pattern on nerve conduction studies...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588790/ibuprofen-and-fatal-lung-cancer-a-brief-report-of-the-prospective-results-from-the-third-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-iii
#10
Marisa A Bittoni, David P Carbone, Randall E Harris
Chronic inflammation appears to increase the risk of lung cancer and, reciprocally, agents that reduce inflammation have been found to reduce this risk. However, few prospective studies have assessed whether there exists an association between lung cancer and the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). In the present study, the association between fatal lung cancer and NSAIDs was investigated using cohort data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Study (NHANES III). Baseline data were collected on smoking, NSAID use and other lifestyle factors for 10,735 participants during 1988-1994, with cause-specific mortality status ascertained through probabilistic record matching based on the National Death Index until 2006...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588789/curative-effect-of-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-unresectable-massive-primary-liver-cancer
#11
Ya-Zheng Dang, Xin Li, Shi-Gao Huang, Wan-Ling Lu, Guodong Wang, Dongxian Zhang, Qian-Yun Wang
The aim of this study was to evaluate the curative effect of gamma knife stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for unresectable massive primary liver cancer. A total of 69 patients with unresectable massive (>10 cm) primary liver cancer who were treated by SBRT at the Department of Radiation Oncology of the 323 Hospital of People's Liberation Army (Xi'an, China) between October, 2006 and October, 2010, were analyzed. According to the Union for International Cancer Control TNM staging guidelines, the patients were graded as stage T1 (n=8), T2 (n=12), T3 (n=21) and T4 (n=28)...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588788/survival-of-patients-with-lung-cancer-and-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Koichi Kurishima, Hiroko Watanabe, Hiroichi Ishikawa, Hiroaki Satoh, Nobuyuki Hizawa
Diabetes mellitus (DM) and lung cancer are two highly globally prevalent diseases. The current study aimed to determine the prognostic significance of DM comorbidity in patients with lung cancer. All patients diagnosed at Tsukuba Medical Center Hospital and Mito Medical Center, (University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan) between April 1999 and March 2012 were followed up to 2015 and were retrospectively analyzed. DM was defined as a fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level ≥126 mg/dl, a non-FPG level ≥200 mg/dl, or a hemoglobin (Hb) A1c level ≥6...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588787/allogenic-natural-killer-cell-immunotherapy-of-sizeable-ovarian-cancer-a-case-report
#13
Silun Xie, Jibing Chen, Mingjiie Zhang, Zhengyi Wu
Masses are often detected in the abdomen of patients with sizeable ovarian cancer. There are currently no effective treatments available for late-stage ovarian cancer. Immunotherapy is gaining increasing attention worldwide in the clinical setting due to its ability to eliminate tumor cells and its favorable toxicity profile. We herein report the case of a 60-year-old woman who received allogenic natural killer (NK) cell immunotherapy for a sizeable ovarian carcinoma and achieved a noteworthy response. NK cells were isolated from the patient's own peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and the cell numbers were increased to 8-10 billion...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588786/isolated-brain-metastases-prior-to-locoregional-recurrence-in-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#14
Zhimin Yu, Junyao Xu, Jie Wang
Isolated brain metastases prior to locoregional recurrence from hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) following curative resection are an extremely rare event. Very few reports regarding brain metastasis prior to locoregional recurrence following curative resection have been published due to the fact that to differentiate brain metastases from HCCA recurrence is challenging, particular in the early stages, since the neurological findings of brain metastasis are occult and subtle. Any patient with HCCA who has undergone radical resection and subsequently presented with a further onset of neurological symptoms should be evaluated for brain involvement...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588785/sporadic-giant-intra-abdominal-desmoid-tumor-a-radiological-case-report
#15
Karla Kovačević, Dragica Obad-Kovačević, Jelena Popić-Ramač
Desmoid tumor (DT) is a locally invasive form of fibromatosis, comprising only 0.03% of all tumors. DTs occur more frequently in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis and Gardner's syndrome, as intra-abdominal or anterior abdominal wall tumors, whereas sporadic DTs are more likely to be extra-abdominal (only 5% of sporadic DTs are intra-abdominal). There is also an association of DTs with prior trauma, surgery, estrogen exposure and childbirth. Imaging studies, such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are used for preoperative diagnosis and for the planning of the surgery...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588784/thyrolipomatosis-a-case-report-with-review-of-the-literature
#16
Mitsuaki Ishida, Ippei Kashu, Tsuyoshi Morisaki, Masao Takenobu, Sueyoshi Moritani, Yoshiko Uemura, Koji Tsuta
Fatty tissue is not usually present within the thyroid gland. Only a few fat-containing thyroid lesions have been reported to date, and thyrolipoma is the most common fat-containing lesion of the thyroid gland. Thyrolipomatosis is a condition characterized by diffuse mature adipose cell infiltration of the normal thyroid gland. In this report, we describe what is, to the best of our knowledge, the 12th documented case of thyrolipomatosis, and review the fat-containing lesions of the thyroid gland. A 68-year-old Japanese woman presented with a neck mass that had first been noticed ~7 years earlier...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588783/salivary-duct-carcinoma-treated-with-cetuximab-based-targeted-therapy-a-case-report
#17
Kenta Kawahara, Akimitsu Hiraki, Ryoji Yoshida, Hidetaka Arita, Yuichiro Matsuoka, Toshio Yamashita, Kan-Ichi Koga, Masashi Nagata, Akiyuki Hirosue, Daiki Fukuma, Hideki Nakayama
Salivary duct carcinoma is a highly aggressive disease with a poor prognosis. Surgical resection is currently the only curative treatment, as there is no effective systemic therapy for this malignancy. Recently, trastuzumab has been shown to exhibit therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of salivary duct carcinoma; similarly, molecularly targeted agents, such as cetuximab, are expected to be useful for salivary duct carcinoma treatment. We herein describe the case of a 56-year-old man diagnosed with salivary duct carcinoma in the left submandibular region, with ipsilateral multiple metastases to the neck lymph nodes...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588782/rapidly-progressing-large-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-arising-from-the-uterine-corpus-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Aya Kobayashi, Tamaki Yahata, Sakiko Nanjo, Mika Mizoguchi, Madoka Yamamoto, Yasushi Mabuchi, Shigetaka Yagi, Sawako Minami, Kazuhiko Ino
Large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is a high-grade neuroendocrine tumor. LCNECs arising from the genital organs are highly malignant and rare, with <20 cases of LCNEC developing from the uterine endometrium reported to date. We herein present the case of a patient with LCNEC of the endometrium. The patient was a 52-year-old woman, who exhibited lower abdominal pain and rapid uterine enlargement during outpatient treatment for uterine myoma. The endometrial biopsy suggested a diagnosis of poorly differentiated carcinoma or carcinosarcoma...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588781/p53-protein-expression-in-patients-with-myelodysplasia-treated-with-allogeneic-bone-marrow-transplantation
#19
Achille Pich, Laura Godio, Laura Davico Bonino
Tumor protein 53 mutations adversely affect the prognosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS); however, few studies have reported on the prognostic significance of the expression of p53 protein in MDS. The current study investigated p53 immunoreactivity (p53-IR) in bone marrow biopsies (BMBs) obtained at diagnosis from 18 patients (6 females and 12 males; mean age, 50.5 years) with MDS that underwent bone marrow transplantation (BMT) to determine the associations between clinical and histopathological data and outcome...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588780/clinical-outcome-of-patients-treated-with-re-irradiation-for-spine-or-pelvic-bone-metastasis-a-multi-institutional-analysis-of-98-patients
#20
Gen Suzuki, Hideya Yamazaki, Norihiro Aibe, Koji Masui, Takuya Kimoto, Kotoha Tatekawa, Akinori Nakashima, Tadashi Takenaka, Takeshi Nishimura, Naomi Sasaki, Ryoong-Jin Oh, Koji Konishi, Haruumi Okabe, Shinsuke Nagasawa, Kei Yamada
The present study aimed to describe the clinical results of re-irradiation (Re-RT) for spine or pelvic bone metastasis at the same initial irradiated area. Between April 2010 and March 2014, cases involving 98 patients with spine or pelvic bone metastasis who had undergone Re-RT at five institutions were reviewed. The clinical outcomes following Re-RT were evaluated, including overall survival (OS) and severe adverse events. The median time interval from initial radiation therapy (RT) to Re-RT was 439 days (range, 23-4,993 days), and the median duration of patient follow-up was 256 days (range, 11-2,284 days)...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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