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Molecular and Clinical Oncology

Jinbo Chen, Yu Cui, Peng Li, Longfei Liu, Chao Li, Xiongbing Zu
Emerging evidence has demonstrated that androgen receptor (AR) is a promising therapeutic target for bladder cancer. However, the relationship between AR expression and its clinical significance remains controversial. The present in-depth meta-analysis aimed to investigate the correlation between AR expression and clinicopathological features, as well as prognostic value in bladder cancer. A systematic search was performed from PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Embase and the Cochrane Central Search Library by January 2017...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Sung Il Wang, Eun Hae Park, Sun Jung Yoon, Jung Ryul Kim
Osteochondromas are usually extra-articular lesions originating from the metaphysis of long bones. Intra-articular osteochondromas may also occur, causing pain and discomfort and restricting the range of motion. Osteochondromas of the femoral neck are intra-articular lesions that are difficult to access for surgical resection, particularly when located posteriorly. We herein present a rare case of an intra-articular osteochondroma involving the posteroinferior aspect of the femoral neck associated with secondary synovial osteochondromatosis (SOC) of the hip joint in a 25-year-old woman...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Fredy Nehme, Kyle Rowe, William Palko, Imad Nassif
Gastrointestinal follicular lymphoma is a rare malignancy accounting for only 1-3.6% of primary non-Hodgkin lymphomas of the gastrointestinal tract and it is a relatively new clinical entity that was recently classified as a distinct variant of systemic follicular lymphoma. Therefore, data regarding long-term outcome are currently lacking. In addition, a consensus on the management of this disease has not been established and treatment strategies are derived from systemic follicular lymphoma. We herein report the case of a 51-year-old female patient diagnosed with duodenal follicular lymphoma who had nodal relapse nearly 5 years after complete remission...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Feng Chen, Menghan Yang, Qingkun Song, Jiangping Wu, Xiaoli Wang, Xinna Zhou, Yanhua Yuan, Yuguang Song, Ni Jiang, Yanjie Zhao, Lei Zhou, Jun Ren
Little progress has been made in the treatment of advanced cancer. Dendritic cells (DCs) plus cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells have exhibited antitumor effects. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of DC-CIK cell treatment in patients with advanced cancer. A paired study including 57 patients treated with DC-CIK cells (DC-CIK group) and 33 patients treated with best supportive care alone (BSC group) was performed. The patients in the DC-CIK group were matched to those in the control group in terms of sex, age, tumor type and clinical stage...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Hiroyuki Tominaga, Takao Setoguchi, Hirofumi Shimada, Satoshi Nagano, Hiromi Sasaki, Yasuhiro Ishidou, Masami Sato, Keiko Mizuno, Hiromasa Inoue, Setsuro Komiya
The aim of the present study was to detect prognostic factors in patients with skeletal-related events (SREs) and bone metastasis at the time of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) diagnosis. A total of 85 NSCLC patients were retrospectively enrolled, 47 (55.2%) of whom presented with SREs at the time of NSCLC diagnosis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified squamous cell carcinoma as a risk factor for SRE. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that there was no difference in the overall survival between the SRE and no SRE groups...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Friederike Hoellen, Annika Waldmann, Constanze Banz-Jansen, Uwe Holtrich, Thomas Karn, Martina Oberländer, Jens K Habermann, Mareike Hörmann, Frank Köster, Julika Ribbat-Idel, Marc Thill, Achim Rody, Ahmed El-Balat, Lars Hanker
Claudin-1 is a tight junction protein that has been demonstrated to be involved in tumorigenesis and tumor progression in various types of solid tumors. In the present study, the protein expression of claudin-1 in squamous cervical cancer tissues obtained from 106 patients was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. In addition, the grade of claudin-1 expression was analyzed for associations with certain clinicopathological parameters. A significant overexpression of claudin-1 was detected in the tumor cells, when compared with that in the peritumoral stroma...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Yongxing Cao
Intraosseous lipoma is a rare benign bone tumor that has been reported to occur in the calcaneus and long bones. The etiology of intraosseous lipoma is unknown, although several theories have been proposed. The majority of the cases of intraosseous calcaneal lipoma reported in the literature were localized in the anterior portion of the calcaneus and were treated by curettage and bone grafting. However, for larger lipomas, no specific treatment protocol has been developed to date. We herein present a rare case involving a large intraosseous lipoma of the calcaneus in a 36-year-old man following hindfoot trauma...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Shu-Lin Li, Jian-De Han
Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology that most commonly presents as painless lymphadenopathy or subcutaneous masses in the head and neck region. The pathogenesis of the disease is not yet clear. The differential diagnosis is determined using characteristic histological features, such as significant vascular proliferation, lymphocytes and eosinophil inflammation in the dermis. Here is presented the case of a patient with a solitary nodule of ALHE masquerading as pyogenic granuloma (PG)...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Jue-Feng Wan, Li-Feng Yang, Ji Zhu, Gui-Chao Li, Zhen Zhang
Locally advanced rectal cancer patients with ypT0-2N0 have good prognosis and may not require as many cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy as patients with a poor (ypT3-4 or N+) response. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the three-year disease-free and overall survival between patients with ypT0-2N0 rectal adenocarcinoma who received 0-3 cycles of 5-fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy and those who received >3 cycles. A total of 106 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer, classified as ypT0-2N0 after surgery at the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (Shanghai, China) between 2006 and 2012, were identified...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Chao Wang, Min Shi, Chen Yang, Tao Ma, Jinling Jiang, Ying Liu, Wenqi Xi, Zhenggang Zhu, Jun Zhang
Cardiac angiosarcoma is a rare but lethal tumor that is difficult to diagnose and treat, due to its rapid local relapse and high incidence of systemic metastasis. The prognosis of cardiac angiosarcoma is dismal, with a mean life expectancy of only a few months. We herein report a case of unresectable angiosarcoma arising from the right atrium. The patient received first-line chemotherapy with weekly paclitaxel, and second-line therapy with vinorelbine and bevacizumab upon disease progression. The progression-free survival was 6 months and the overall survival was 7 months...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Yuzuru Hosoda, Hiroshi Hagino, Norihiko Hino, Toru Motokura
Chemotherapy for lymphoma may be avoided in the presence of coincident cytopenia. In case of immune cytopenia secondary to lymphoma, treatment of cytopenia is the same for primary cases, however, chemotherapy for lymphoma may be effective at the cost of severe hematological toxicity. The present study reports a complex case of thrombocytopenia and direct antiglobulin test-negative hemolytic anemia, thus mimicking Evans syndrome, secondary to cluster of differentiation 5-positive B-cell lymphoma with massive splenomegaly, in a patient suffering from rheumatoid arthritis for two decades...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Linna Xie, Fang Zhou
Post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) is a serious complication following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The majority of the cases develop during the first year after the transplantation and are associated with reactivation of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV); the EBV-induced lymphoproliferation usually includes donor-derived B cells. We herein describe the case of a 28-year-old female patient who developed EBV-negative PTLD, namely diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), 6 months after receiving a haploidentical HSCT from her father...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Hye Jung Chang, Joon-Young Hur, Kyu Yeoun Won, Boksoon Chang, Ha Yeon Lee
Maxillary sinus cancer is rare, and often presents as a locally advanced disease. Recurrence commonly occurs locoregionally, while fewer patients present with distant metastasis; the most common sites involved are the lung and bone. This report discusses the case of a 64-year-old male who presented with a mass in the left submandibular area. Biopsy was performed and histological analysis identified a poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. After staging work up, it was concluded the patient had a maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma at clinical stage IVA...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Massimo Mesolella, Maurizio Iengo, Domenico Testa, Filippo Ricciardiello, Brigida Iorio
Folate deficiency may be directly associated with carcinogenesis. Folate supplementation may reduce the risk of progression in a mucosa that is already genetically altered. The aim of the present study was to determine the role of folic acid in the treatment of mild and moderate laryngeal dysplasia recurring after surgery. The data obtained by laryngoscopy, measurement of serum folate levels and functional vocal assessment with the GIRBAS scale and VHI questionnaire were compared in patients who had received folic acid with a homogeneous group of patients with dysplasia who had not undergone any therapy...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Jia Yuan, Hongming Liang, Jinghuan Li, Miao Li, Bei Tang, Hui Ma, Xiaoying Xie, Xin Yin, Lan Zhang, Zhenggang Ren
Sorafenib is currently the only efficient molecular targeted therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), although its effect is relatively moderate and variable between individuals. The present study aimed to evaluate the significance of peripheral blood neutrophils in the prognosis of HCC patients treated with sorafenib. A total of 464 patients with HCC were treated with sorafenib at Zhongshan Hospital (Shanghai, China) between January 1st, 2008 and December 31st, 2012, among which 120 patients were enrolled in the study...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Atsushi Ikeda, Eiki Yamachika, Masahide Mizutani, Masakazu Matsubara, Norifumi Moritani, Kazuki Nakatsuji, Seiji Iida
Platinum-based chemotherapy plus cetuximab represents the first-line treatment for recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. The most common adverse events associated with cetuximab are infusion reactions and skin reactions, and a risk of venous thromboembolic events has also recently been reported in association with cetuximab. It is well known that thrombosis is a common complication of malignancy, and represents the second most frequent cause of mortality in cancer patients. The present study reports the case of a 79-year-old man who presented with lung and liver metastases from tongue squamous cell carcinoma, for which platinum-based chemotherapy plus cetuximab was administered...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Daryl Ramai, Jonathan Lai, Kinesh Changela, Madhavi Reddy, Ghulamullah Shahzad
Gastrointestinal (GI) schwannoma is one of the rarest tumors of the GI tract. We herein describe the case of a 70-year-old female patient who presented for surveillance colonoscopy. The examination detected a 1-cm polyp that was removed by snare cautery polypectomy. Immune and histochemical staining revealed spindle cells that were positive for S-100 and vimentin, but negative for CD34 and smooth muscle actin, consistent with GI schwannoma. This case is noteworthy as GI schwannomas usually present in the stomach, making the finding of a colonic schwannoma of clinical interest...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Takuro Inoue, Mostafa Elaskary, Ayako Shima, Hisao Hirai, Fumio Suzuki, Masayuki Matsuda
Solitary neurofibromas arising from cranial nerves are rare, and those arising from the peripheral divisions of the trigeminal nerve are even rarer. Although infratemporal fossa (ITF) masses are challenging to remove, certain approaches are considered feasible for this region. The present study reports a rare case of an ITF neurofibroma arising from the inferior alveolar nerve. The 27-year-old male patient presented with numbness of the right jaw. A radiological examination revealed a large mass occupying the ITF, from the mandible to the foramen ovale, originating from the inferior alveolar nerve in the mandible...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Takeo Matsumoto, Yasunari Mizumoto, Kyohei Nakade, Takeshi Obata, Ayumi Matsuoka, Subaru Myojo, Masanori Ono, Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Hiroshi Fujiwara
A 65-year-old woman received chemotherapy using taxane and carboplatin prior and following optimal debulking surgery for ovarian cancer stage IV. Five months later, intra-abdominal recurrence was diagnosed, and second-line chemotherapy using nogitecan and bevacizumab was administered. After five courses, the patient presented with a symptom of subileus and subsequent intestinal perforation occurred. An emergent surgery revealed two perforation sites and longitudinally extended ulcerative lesions in the ileum...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Jihad Karam, Marie Claude Fadous-Khalifé, Rita Tannous, Sally Fakhreddine, Marcel Massoud, Joseph Hadchity, Georges Aftimos, Elie Hadchity
Late detection and lack of standard treatment strategies in larynx cancer patients result in high levels of mortality and poor prognosis. Prognostic stratification of larynx cancer patients based on molecular prognostic tumor biomarkers may lead to more efficient clinical management. Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) and Heat Shock Protein 27 (HSP27) have an important role in tumorigenesis and are considered promising candidate biomarkers for various types of cancer. However, their role in larynx carcinoma remains to be elucidated...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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