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Biomedical Reports

Sarahí Herrera-González, Denisse Aideé Martínez-Treviño, Marcelino Aguirre-Garza, Magdalena Gómez-Silva, Hugo Alberto Barrera-Saldaña, Rafael Baltazar Reyes León-Cachón
Discrepancies in the response to drugs are partially due to polymorphisms in genes involved in drug metabolism and transport. The frequency, pattern and impact of these polymorphisms vary among populations. In the present study, the pharmacokinetics and pharmacogenetics of atorvastatin (ATV) in a Mexican population were investigated. The study cohort exhibited differing ATV metabolizing phenotypes, and in subsequent allelic discrimination assays, single nucleotide polymorphisms in the angiotensinogen, angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AGTR1) and bradykinin B2 receptor (BDKRB2) genes were genotyped and their effects on the pharmacokinetic parameters of ATV were assessed...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
Ayesha Naeem, Yasir Waheed
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a global health issue. The nonstructural protein 3 (NS3)-4Agene of HCV is responsible for serine protease activity. The aim of the present study was to develop a global consensus sequence of HCV serine protease, analyze conserved residues, and predict highly conserved B- and T-cell binding epitopes in the NS3-4A protein. A total of 160 NS3-4A sequences from the six genotypes of HCV were refracted in the current study. The amino acid sequences were aligned to obtain a global consensus sequence...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
Toshiyuki Tahara, Kiyoto Mori, Mari Mochizuki, Ryoko Ishiyama, Marin Noda, Hitomi Hoshi, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Satoshi Shinozaki
The treatment of refractory ascites due to cirrhosis is a clinical challenge for hepatologists. Tolvaptan, a novel aquaporin modulator, was made available in Japan in 2013 for the treatment of patients with refractory ascites due to cirrhosis. Despite the potential of this drug, few reports are available regarding its clinical use. The aim of the present study was to clarify the efficacy of tolvaptan in patients with refractory ascites due to cirrhosis and to review the clinical outcomes of treatment. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for 65 patients with refractory ascites due to cirrhosis who were treated daily with 7...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
Yongping Liu, Yaping Zhang, Xibao Mao, Qiufeng Qi, Ming Zhu, Changsong Zhang, Xuefeng Pan, Yang Ling
Otto Warburg observed in 1924 that cancer cells were dependent exclusively on glycolysis for the production of energy even in the presence of oxygen (the 'Warburg effect'). Consequently, cancer cells require ~19 times more glucose uptake to obtain equivalent amounts of energy as normal cells. The Warburg effect is the scientific basis for positron emission tomography (PET), which has markedly improved cancer detection. During chemotherapy, cancer cells may upregulate their expression of multi-drug resistance proteins and ultimately cause treatment failure...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
Muhammad Imran, Yasir Waheed, Ayesha Ghazal, Sajjad Ullah, Sher Zaman Safi, Muhsin Jamal, Muhammad Ali, Muhammad Atif, Muhammad Imran, Farman Ullah
The causative agent of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Since its discovery before 30 years, a number of drugs known as highly active antiretroviral therapy have been developed to suppress the life cycle of the virus at different stages. With the current therapeutic approaches, ending AIDS means providing treatment to 35 million individuals living with HIV for the rest of their lives or until a cure is developed. Additionally, therapy is associated with various other challenges such as potential of drug resistance, toxicity and presence of latent viral reservoir...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
Yan Jia, Yu Yue, Dan-Ning Hu, Ji-Li Chen, Ji-Bo Zhou
The present study aims to investigate the association of transforming growth factor-β2 (TGF-β2) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), MMP-2 and MMP-3, and tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs), TIMP-1, TIMP-2 and TIMP-3 in the aqueous humor of patients with high myopia or cataracts. The levels of TGF-β2 and MMPs/TIMPs were measured with the Luminex xMAP Technology using commercially available Milliplex xMAP kits. The association between TGF-β2 and MMPs/TIMPs levels was analyzed using the Spearmans correlation test...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
Annoor Awadasseid, Kuugbee Eugene, Mayada Jamal, Jie Hou, Ahmed Musa Hago, Yaser Gamallat, Abdo Meyiah, Djibril Bamba, Chiwala Gift, Mohnad Abdalla, Yufang Ma, Yi Xin
Coriolus versicolor (CV) contains high levels of bioactive compounds, including the glucan (1→6)-α-D-glucopyranosyl. However, there is a lack of data regarding the potential effect of this CV glucan (CVG) on the stimulation of cytokine production. The present study evaluated the effect of CVG on the stimulation of cytokine production in sarcoma-180-bearing mice. Mice were treated with three doses of CVG (40, 100 or 200 mg/kg body weight) for nine days, after which serum levels of cytokines, namely interleukin (IL)-2, -4, -6, -10, -17A and interferon (IFN)-α and -γ, were investigated by ELISA...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
Serdal Arslan, Öcal Berkan, Burcu Bayyurt, Osman Beton, Ni L Özbi Lüm Şahin, Eylem Itır Aydemir
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is an oxidative hemoprotein compound expressed in polymorphonuclear leukocytes that contributes to inflammatory responses. Coronary artery disease (CAD), as the most prevalent form of heart disease, is considered to originate from an interaction between genetic and environmental factors. In the present study, the potential associations between MPO-463G/A and -129G/A polymorphisms with CAD were investigated in a Turkish population using a polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) assay technique...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
Mohan Giri, Bibhuti Upreti, Rakshya Joshi, Jayanti Chamling Rai, Binit Vaidya
Vitamin D deficiency is a highly prevalent condition worldwide. However, few studies have been conducted to examine the vitamin D status of laboratory personnel and the correlation between vitamin D deficiency and working conditions. The aim of the present study was to assess changes in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration with a weekly dose of oral cholecalciferol (60,000 IU) for two months. The prospective, open-label, interventional study was conducted from January 2016 to March 2016 at the National Centre for Rheumatic Diseases, Kathmandu, Nepal...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
Kimihito Fujii, Rie Watanabe, Takahito Ando, Junko Kousaka, Yukako Mouri, Miwa Yoshida, Tsuneo Imai, Shogo Nakano, Takashi Fukutomi
In recurrent breast cancer, the tumor phenotype, as assessed by estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) status, occasionally changes. This change, in addition to the Ki67 index were evaluated at sites of recurrence and the correlation between changes in tumor phenotype and survival were assessed in breast cancer patients. Comparisons in pathological parameters between primary and metastatic lesions were drawn between ER, PR, HER2, and the Ki67 index in 70 patients with recurrent breast cancer...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
Yumi Matsuyama, Tomoki Nakamura, Tomohito Hagi, Kunihiro Asanuma, Akihiro Sudo
Onychomycosis is a common nail infection caused by dermatophytes, while non-dermatophytes including Aspergillus spp. are causes of nail onychomycosis. Aspergillus niger is not common as a cause of nail onychomycosis. In the current study we present a 60-year-old woman with subungual onychomycosis due to Aspergillus niger mimicking a glomus tumor. Physical examination revealed right thumb had a black color of nail bed. Localized tenderness and severe pain were observed. However, the cold sensitivity test, Loves pin test and Hildreths test were negative...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
Hui Zhang, Jiawen Wang, Shuaijun Li, Siming Wang, Meichen Liu, Weinan Wang, Yu Zhao
Cyclophilins (CyPs), a member of peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerases (PPIases), are ubiquitously distributed in organisms such as bacteria, yeast, plants and animals. CyPs have diverse biological functions, with some exhibiting antifungal and antiviral activities. In this study, Panax ginseng cyclophilin (pgCyP), a novel gene encoding an antifungal protein from Panax ginseng, was cloned, and its protein product was expressed in Escherichia coli, and then fractionated by affinity chromatography. The open reading frame of the pgCyP full-length coding sequence was found to encode a single-domain CyP-like protein of 174 amino residues with a calculated molecular weight of 18...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
Jeong-Yun Yoon, Yeojin Lee, Seong-Lan Yu, Hee-Kyung Yoon, Ha-Yan Park, Chung-Il Joung, Seok-Rae Park, Mihye Kwon, Jaeku Kang
Despite extensive studies, the pathogenesis of Behçet's disease (BD) remains unclear. In particular, the roles of B cells in patients with BD have not been elucidated. Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is a critical enzyme for immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy chain class switching and somatic hypermutation in B cells and the abnormal expression of AID in various immune conditions has previously been studied. B10 cells, an interleukin (IL)-10-secreting subset of regulatory B cells, function to downregulate inflammation and autoimmunity...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
Yanmei Zhu, Ning Qu, Lili Sun, Xiao Meng, Xiaoyan Li, Yong Zhang
Solitary pulmonary capillary hemangioma (SPCH) is a rare type of benign lung tumor, which must be distinguished from early lung cancer and precancerous lesions of the lung that manifest in a similar way upon imaging. The current study describes a case of SPCH and a review of the literature is performed. The patient was a 40-year-old Chinese woman who was referred to the Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute (Shenyang, China) in October, 2015 with a cough without obvious inducement. Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated pure ground glass opacity (GGO) in the right upper lung...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
Giovanni Nicoletti, Marco Saler, Tommaso Pellegatta, Marco Mario Tresoldi, Viola Bonfanti, Alberto Malovini, Angela Faga, Federica Riva
Previous experiments by our group have indicated the regenerative effects of a spring water (Comano), which was possibly associated with the native non-pathogenic bacterial flora. The present study aimed to confirm these regenerative properties in a human ex vivo experimental model in the context of physiological wound healing. Human 6-mm punch skin biopsies harvested during plastic surgery sessions were injured in their central portion to induce skin loss and were cultured in either conventional medium (controls) or medium powder reconstituted with filtered Comano spring water (treated samples)...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
Takashi Kato
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is produced by stromal and mesenchymal cells, and it stimulates epithelial cell proliferation, motility, morphogenesis and angiogenesis in various organs via tyrosine phosphorylation of its cognate receptor, Met. The HGF-Met signaling pathway contributes in a paracrine manner to the development of epithelial organs, exerts regenerative effects on the epithelium, and promotes the regression of fibrosis in numerous organs. Additionally, the HGF-Met signaling pathway is correlated with the biology of cancer types, neurons and immunity...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
An-Cong Wang, Ying Wang, Feng-Xia Wu, Dong-Yi Zhu
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the factors that affect the success rate of gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist on in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles. Multivariate analysis was performed to assess the factors that influence the outcomes, such as oocytes retrieved, and the success of pregnancy. The results showed that E2, P on human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) day and body mass index (BMI) were positively correlated with the number of oocytes retrieved (P=0.001, P=0...
November 2017: Biomedical Reports
Zhen Guo, Dandan Niu, Yaren Yu, Di Zhen, Wenhua Li
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Shenfu injection (SFI) in the prevention of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A single-center prospective and randomized controlled trial was performed and 148 ACS patients undergoing PCI were divided randomly into control (n=74; receiving only 0.9% sodium chloride solution for routine hydration) and intervention (n=74; based upon routine hydration and receiving SFI) groups...
November 2017: Biomedical Reports
Yoriko Murata, Yasuhiro Hata, Yoshihiro Noda, Satoshi Matsusaka, Naoki Fukui, Tomohito Kadota, Jun Iwata, Takuya Machida, Takuji Yamagami
The present case study describes a rare case of secondary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma that infiltrated the dura and leptomeninges around the area injured by subarachnoid hemorrhage and subsequent aneurysmal clipping. Invasion of the CNS was observed by computed tomography as slurred fissures of the right parietal lobe adjacent to the surgery area. Subdural and subarachnoid enhancement overlapping the area injured by past surgical procedures was observed by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging...
November 2017: Biomedical Reports
Ayca Tas, Mustafa Atabey, Gulcin Caglayan, Meric Emre Bostanci, Serap Sahin Bolukbasi, Omer Topcu, Yavuz Silig
Murine double minute clone 2 oncoprotein (MDM2) is a key component in the regulation of the tumour suppressor p53. The association between the MDM2 polymorphism and gastric cancer (GC) has been investigated in Turkish population. In the present case-control study, the aim was to investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms of the MDM2 gene (a major regulator of p53 function) and primary GC risk in a Turkish population. The polymorphism, T309G (rs2279744) in the MDM2 gene was determined in patients with GC (n=65) and in healthy control subjects (n=67) using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method...
November 2017: Biomedical Reports
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