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Biomedical Reports

Saman Sargazi, Hamidreza Galavi, Sadegh Zarei
Diazinon is an organophosphate toxicant that has been identified to induce oxidative stress within biological systems through altering biochemical and hematological indices, by generating free radicals while deteriorating the cellular antioxidant defense system. The present study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of tert-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ), a synthetic food additive, in serving as an antioxidant against sub-lethal diazinon-induced oxidative stress in male Wistar rats. Animals were randomly divided into 4 groups: Control (treated with corn oil as a vehicle), diazinon (10 mg/kg/day), TBHQ (0...
June 2018: Biomedical Reports
Feng Zhao, Xiao-Yan Ding, Feng Wu, Xiao-Hui Li, Yu-Huan Li, Sheng-Li Huang
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of passage and cryopreservation of choroid plexus epithelial cells on their secretion of neurotrophic factors. Choroid plexus epithelial cells were cryopreserved and thawed following primary culture or passage cultured for up to two passages. The supernatant of primary, first/second passage and cryopreserved-thawed choroid plexus epithelial cells was collected when cells reached 80-90% confluence. ELISA was used to quantify brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), nerve growth factor (NGF) and ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) levels in the cell supernatant...
June 2018: Biomedical Reports
Guangbin Zhu, Changying Xie, Zhonghua Yang, Yongzhi Wang, Dong Chen, Xinghuan Wang
The present study aimed to determine whether the expression of transient receptor potential channel 5 (TRPC5) protein is altered in spermatozoa of patients with varicocele-associated asthenozoospermia. TRPC5 expression in spermatozoa was determined by polymerase chain reaction and western blotting analyses, and indirect immunofluorescence was used for identification and immunolocalization of the TRPC5 channel in human sperm. Sperm motility and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were also determined with a computer-assisted semen analysis system and assay kit, respectively...
June 2018: Biomedical Reports
Miki Nishimori, Yoriko Murata, Hitomi Iwasa, Kana Miyatake, Michiko Tadokoro, Shino Kohsaki, Munenobu Nogami, Norihiko Hamada, Hitoshi Ninomiya, Yasushi Osaki, Hirokazu Furuya, Takuji Yamagami
The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 123 I-labeled 2β-carbomethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl)-N-(3-fluoropropyl)nortropane single photon emission computed tomography (123 I-FP-CIT SPECT) for determining the clinical severity of patients with multiple system atrophy with Parkinsonism (MSA-P). MRI and 123 I-FP-CIT SPECT images from 17 patients with MSA-P as diagnosed using the Unified MSA Rating Scale part IV (UMSARS IV) score were compared. Brain MRI scans were available for all 17 patients and 123 I-FP-CIT SPECT images were available for 12 patients...
June 2018: Biomedical Reports
Kai-Bo Chen, Jian Chen, Xiao-Li Jin, Yi Huang, Qiu-Ming Su, Li Chen
The prognosis of patients with peritoneal dissemination from gastric cancer is poor, and the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. Exosomes, as macromolecular phospholipid bilayer vesicles comprising of proteins, nucleic acids and lipids, serve as mediators of cell-cell communication. Gastric cancer tumor-derived exosomes may be involved in the pathological process of peritoneal dissemination by mediating crosstalk between cancer cells and mesothelial cells, to result in the induction of enhanced tumor growth, migratory, adhesive and invasive abilities, peritoneal fibrosis and apoptosis, mesothelial-to-mesenchymal transition, angiogenesis and chemoresistance...
June 2018: Biomedical Reports
Hisataka Ogawa, Masamitsu Konno, Koichi Kawamoto, Naohiro Nishida, Jun Koseki, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Taroh Satoh, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori, Hideshi Ishii
Fetal cells in the developmental stages function with a distinct mechanism in comparison to adult tissues, which may be a useful source for regenerative medicine in postnatal medicine; however, the precise molecular mechanism remains to be elucidated fully. The present study investigated murine fetal hepatocytes, which were cultured in vitro , and the supernatants were used for the culture with murine adipose tissue-derived cells. Notably, the results indicated that fetal hepatocyte-derived culture medium elicits the induction of differentiation of adipose tissue-derived cells to bile duct cell lineages, but not to hepatocyte lineages in mice...
May 2018: Biomedical Reports
Xing Xue, Ying Lv, Youhong Zhao, Yufang Leng, Yan Zhang
Intravenous ketamine is known to inhibit postoperative shivering; however, at present, there has been little research on whether this effect may be achieved with epidural application. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of epidural ketamine as a prophylactic agent to prevent shivering in patients undergoing caesarean section during combined spinal-epidural anesthesia. A prospective, randomized, double-blind study was performed. A total of 60 patients who were undergoing elective caesarean section under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia and had an American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status of I or II were recruited...
May 2018: Biomedical Reports
Hironori Yoshino, Kanna Murakami, Mikoto Nawamaki, Ikuo Kashiwakura
The nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) plays an important role in cellular defense against oxidative stress. Recent studies have demonstrated that Nrf2 is a useful target for cancer treatment, including radiation therapy. Ionizing radiation affects, not only the irradiated cells, but also the non-irradiated neighboring cells, and this effect is known as radiation-induced bystander effect. Upon exposure to radiation, the irradiated cells transmit signals to the non-irradiated cells via gap junctions or soluble factors...
May 2018: Biomedical Reports
Tomoko Nakano, Tomomi Kotani, Kenji Imai, Yukako Iitani, Takafumi Ushida, Hiroyuki Tsuda, Hua Li, Akira Iwase, Shinya Toyokuni, Fumitaka Kikkawa
Intrauterine inflammation causes preterm birth and is associated with complications in preterm neonates. Thus, strategies aimed at suppressing inflammation are expected to be effective for reducing the risk of preterm birth and associated complications. Our previous studies demonstrated that molecular hydrogen (H2 ), an anti-inflammatory agent, prevented inflammation-induced impairment in foetal brain and lung tissues in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced rodent models. However, it remains unclear whether H2 is capable of inhibiting preterm labour...
May 2018: Biomedical Reports
Masoumeh Gholinejad, Iraj Jafari Anarkooli, Amirhossein Taromchi, Alireza Abdanipour
Overproduction of free radicals during oxidative stress induces damage to key biomolecules and activates programed cell death pathways. Neuronal cell death in the nervous system leads to a number of neurodegenerative diseases. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of adenosine on inhibition of apoptosis induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) in bone marrow-derived neural stem cells (B-dNSCs), with focus on its regulatory effect on the expression of mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1 ( Mst1 ), as a novel proapoptotic kinase...
May 2018: Biomedical Reports
Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Christina Tsitsimpikou, Xrisoula Papantoni, Dimitra Lazaridou, Michael Koutouzis, Savvas Mazzaris, Ramin Rezaee, Charalambos Mamoulakis, Panagiotis Georgoulias, Charitini Nepka, Elias Rentoukas, Zenon Kyriakides, Aristidis Tsatsakis, Demetrios A Spandidos, Demetrios Kouretas
Oxidative stress is linked to coronary artery disease and is a major mechanism in contrast-induced nephropathy. Trans-radial approach in coronary angiography (CA) with minimized peri-procedural bleeding is expected to reduce acute kidney injury incidence. In the present study, oxidative stress patterns observed in radial CA and their associations with early manifestations of kidney injury are described. A total of 20 stable coronary disease patients submitted to CA and 17 sex-matched patients undergoing computed tomography for myoskeletal reasons were enrolled...
May 2018: Biomedical Reports
Qiang Wang, Guangrong Wang, Xiaolan Lu, Xiaolan Guo, Qin Du, Fang Lin, Quming Fan, Guoyuan Zhang, Dongsheng Wang
As a specific biomarker in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), the measurement of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) has been advocated as a predictor of outcome in neurological injury. However, the measured levels of NSE may be influenced by hemolysis. In the current study, the change in the concentration of NSE in serum was measured by chemiluminescence prior to and following the addition of individual frozen and thawed red blood cells from 86 neonates that were collected within 24 h of birth. The changes in the concentration of NSE were compared with the changes in the concentration of hemoglobin (Hb), measured by the hemoglobin cyanide (HiCN) method, to establish a correction formula...
May 2018: Biomedical Reports
Sitian He, Songcheng Yu, Zonglei Zhou, Chongjian Wang, Yongjun Wu, Wenjie Li
Increasing epidemiological studies suggest that there is an association between vitamin D deficiency and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Therefore, randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have been performed to observe the effect of vitamin D supplementation on preventing T2DM, decreasing fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and improving insulin resistance to confirm the association between vitamin D and T2DM. However, the results of RCTs on controlling FPG level, improving insulin resistance and preventing T2DM in non-diabetics are inconsistent...
May 2018: Biomedical Reports
Yukako Okazaki, Ayaka Sekita, Tetsuyuki Katayama
Dietary phytic acid (PA) was recently reported by our group to suppress hepatic lipogenic gene expression and modulate gut microbiota in rats fed a high-sucrose (HSC) diet. The present study aimed to investigate whether the modulatory effects of PA depend on the dietary carbohydrate source and are attributed to the myo-inositol (MI) ring of PA. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed an HSC or a high-starch (HSR) diet with or without 1.02% sodium PA for 12 days. Subsequently, the rats were fed the HSC diet, the HSC diet containing 1...
May 2018: Biomedical Reports
Yahong Li, Xiaojuan Zhang, Dongyang Hong, Xianwei Guan, Shaolei Lv, Yun Sun, Tao Jiang
Dual detection of α-fetoprotein (AFP) and free β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) is a common screening method for Down syndrome in the second trimester and its efficacy is assessed by false-positive rate (FPR). The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the bias in median multiple of the median (mMoM) values of AFP and free β-HCG on FPR. The bias in mMoM values of AFP and free β-HCG and the bias in mMoM values under different gestational ages and weight groups were analyzed. Median equations were adjusted, and medians in LifeCycle software were replaced by local medians...
May 2018: Biomedical Reports
Kosuke Hamajima, Kazunori Hamamura, Andy Chen, Hiroki Yokota, Hironori Mori, Shoyoku Yo, Hisataka Kondo, Kenjiro Tanaka, Kyoko Ishizuka, Daisuke Kodama, Takao Hirai, Ken Miyazawa, Shigemi Goto, Akifumi Togari
The sympathetic nervous system is known to regulate osteoclast development. However, the involvement of α2-adrenergic receptors (α2-ARs) in osteoclastogenesis is not well understood. In the present study, their potential role in osteoclastogenesis was investigated. Guanabenz, clonidine and xylazine were used as agonists of α2-ARs, while yohimbine and idazoxan were employed as antagonists. Using RAW264.7 pre-osteoclast and primary bone marrow cells, the mRNA expression of the osteoclast-related genes nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and cathepsin K was evaluated following induction with receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL)...
May 2018: Biomedical Reports
Dongyu Li, Chenghao Hu, Huibin Li
Survivin, also known as baculoviral inhibitor of apoptosis repeat-containing 5, is a novel member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family. Survivin is highly expressed in tumors and embryonic tissues and is associated with tumor cell differentiation, proliferation, invasion and metastasis; however, survivin is expressed at low levels in normal terminally differentiated adult tissues. Meanwhile, the expression level of survivin is also a negative prognostic factor for patients with cancer. These unique characteristics of survivin make it an exciting potential therapeutic target for cancer treatment...
May 2018: Biomedical Reports
Akbar Hedayatizadeh-Omran, Reza Alizadeh-Navaei, Ghasem Janbabaei, Versa Omrani-Nava, Yahya Hasheminasab, Omolbanin Amjadi, Mohsen Tehrani
Gastric cancer has the fourth highest morbidity rate of all cancers worldwide. Genetic factors including alterations in oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes serve an important role in gastric cancer development and progression. The P53 gene acts as a tumor suppressor gene by regulating the cell cycle, DNA transcription and repair, apoptosis, senescence and genome stability. In addition to somatic P53 mutations in cancer development, germline polymorphisms are also involved in different malignancies. The polymorphism of P53 at codon 72 (Arg72Pro) is established as a common variant that increases susceptibility to various cancers...
May 2018: Biomedical Reports
Sakiko Fujii, Katsumi Fujimoto, Noriko Goto, Yoshimitsu Abiko, Asayo Imaoka, Jinchang Shao, Kazuko Kitayama, Masami Kanawa, Agung Sosiawan, Ketut Suardita, Fusanori Nishimura, Yukio Kato
Dental pulp cells (DPCs) are promising candidates for use as transplantable cells in regenerative medicine. However, ex vivo expansion of these cells typically requires culture media containing fetal bovine serum, which may cause infection and immunological reaction following transplantation. In addition, the proliferation and differentiation of DPCs markedly depend upon serum batches. Therefore, the present study examined whether DPCs could be expanded under serum-free conditions. DPCs obtained from four donors were identified to proliferate actively in the serum-free medium, STK2, when compared with those cells in control medium (Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium containing 10% serum)...
April 2018: Biomedical Reports
Jinna Yang, Wangyi Zhou, Yaru Gu, Jinwei Dai, Xinxin Li, Ping Tai, Yanchuan Li, Xiaohui Ma, Yuyang Zhang
Pu-erh tea has become a focus of research due to its reported biological activities, including anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation and anti-immunosenescence. The present study was performed to evaluate the potential gastroprotective function of Pu-erh tea extracts against ethanol-induced gastric mucosal damage in rats. Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into seven groups: A normal control, a model control, a cimetidine (0.08 g/kg) group, three Pu-erh tea extracts groups (low, moderate and high-dose; 0...
April 2018: Biomedical Reports
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