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Curēus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439486/bilateral-simultaneous-revision-total-knee-arthroplasty-as-a-single-staged-procedure-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
Raju Vaishya, Amit Kumar Agarwal, Chirag Jaiswal, Vipul Vijay, Abhishek Vaish
Bilateral revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a surgical procedure, which is rarely done simultaneously as it is a difficult surgery and the safety of simultaneous bilateral single stage surgery remains unknown. We report a case of a 67-year-old woman who presented to us with bilateral painful and unstable TKA (right > left) of six months duration. The primary bilateral TKA were done 14 years ago. Bilateral simultaneous revision TKA was performed, using cemented, constrained, long-stem prostheses. The intraoperative and postoperative periods remained uneventful...
March 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439485/treatment-of-atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-in-the-era-of-eculizumab
#2
Rawaa Ebrahem, Salam Kadhem, Quoc Truong
Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is the triad of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA), thrombocytopenia, and acute kidney injury (AKI); the main cause of multi-organ failure is related to thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). Atypical HUS (aHUS) is a disease of uncontrolled complement activation associated with a high mortality rate and most cases progress to end-stage renal disease. About 50% of patients with this syndrome carry mutations in genes that encode complement proteins. Also, aHUS constitutes an over-activation of the complement pathway which is either inherited, acquired, or both...
March 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439484/gastroschisis-simulation-model-pre-surgical-management-technical-report
#3
Orna Rosen, Robert M Angert
This technical report describes the creation of a gastroschisis model for a newborn. This is a simple, low-cost task trainer that provides the opportunity for Neonatology providers, including fellows, residents, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and nurses, to practice the management of a baby with gastroschisis after birth and prior to surgery. Included is a suggested checklist with which the model can be employed. The details can be modified to suit different learning objectives.
March 22, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439483/whipple-s-disease-manifested-as-recurrent-ascites
#4
Ali Aamar, Kamraan Madhani, Muhammad S Anwar, Prabhdeep Singh, Joel Garsten
Whipple's disease commonly presents as chronic diarrhea and abdominal pain. Ascites is an uncommon presentation of Whipple's disease. Here, we report a rare case of a 47-year-old male who presented with diarrhea and abdominal distention for three months. The physical examination was significant for ascites. Serum albumin was low and serum-to-ascites albumin gradient was < 1.1 g/dl. This suggested that ascites was less likely to be present due to portal hypertension. Enteroscopy showed erythematous duodenum and jejunum; biopsy was suggestive of periodic acid-Schiff stain (PAS) positive macrophages consistent with Whipple's disease...
March 21, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439482/association-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-with-conduction-defects-on-electrocardiogram
#5
Muhammad A Mangi, Abdul M Minhas, Hiba Rehman, Furquan Pathan, Hong Liang, Sary Beidas
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a leading cause of liver disease in developed countries. The association of NAFLD with conduction defects is unknown. The aim of our study was to find whether an association exists between conduction defects and NAFLD. METHODS: This is a case-control retrospective study of 700 patients admitted to Orange Park Medical Center, Orange Park, Florida from 2009 to 2015. Patients with a history of alcohol use, congenital heart disease, infiltrative malignancy, and myocarditis were excluded from the study...
March 21, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435766/a-heart-too-stiff-to-beat-a-case-of-familial-transthyretin-amyloidosis-cardiomyopathy
#6
Yan Zhou, Sameen Khalid, Aamer Abbass, Laura Hughes, Marcos Hazday
Heart failure is a common clinical syndrome caused by a variety of cardiac diseases. We report a rare case of familial transthyretin amyloidosis cardiomyopathy to heighten the awareness of this rare but lethal cause of heart failure, as therapeutic interventions such as liver or heart transplant could be curative in selected patients.
March 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435765/chronic-nephropathy-from-dietary-hyperoxaluria-sustained-improvement-of-renal-function-after-dietary-intervention
#7
Yijuan Sun, Bruce L Horowitz, Karen S Servilla, Joanna R Fair, Darlene Vigil, Kavitha Ganta, Larry Massie, Antonios H Tzamaloukas
A 56-year-old man with stable chronic kidney disease (CKD) for two years following a single episode of calcium oxalate urolithiasis developed progressive elevation of his serum creatinine concentration. Urinalysis revealed pyuria and white cell casts, a few red blood cells, minimal proteinuria, and no crystals. Urine culture was sterile. Gallium scintigraphy was consistent with interstitial nephritis. Proton pump inhibitor intake was discontinued, and a short course of oral corticosteroids was initiated. Percutaneous kidney biopsy, performed because of the continued deterioration of renal function to a minimum estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) value of 15 mL/min per 1...
March 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435764/a-case-of-well-differentiated-papillary-mesothelioma-of-the-male-peritoneum-successful-treatment-by-systemic-chemotherapy
#8
Aziz Bazine, Mohamed Fetohi, Tariq Namad, Asmae Benzekri, Brahim Zainoun, Rachid Tanz, Mohamed Ichou
Well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma of the peritoneum (WDPMP) is a rare subtype of epithelioid mesothelioma, which is usually seen in young women without a history of asbestos exposure, and generally, has an indolent course. The relative rarity of this neoplasm in males prompted us to report this case of a well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma of the peritoneum in a 36-year-old man. The patient, who had no history of asbestos exposure, presented with abdominal pain and ascites of unknown etiology...
March 19, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435763/toxoplasma-infection-in-an-immunocompetent-host-possible-risk-of-living-with-multiple-cats
#9
Halis Kaan Akturk, David Sotello, Allen Ameri, Ahmed S Abuzaid, Ana Marcella Rivas, Priyanka Vashisht
A 32-year-old man presented with agitation, headache, and confusion. He was immunocompetent and had been living with multiple cats for many years. His vital signs were stable. He was afebrile. Multiple blood tests did not show any serious problem. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed multiple ring-enhancing white matter lesions. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis did not show any signs of infection. Based on a presumptive diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, high-dose corticosteroid treatment was started. However, this caused worsening of the symptoms and increased the size of the lesions...
March 19, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435762/laboratory-diagnosis-of-scabies-using-a-simple-saline-mount-a-clinical-microbiologist-s-report
#10
Venkataramana Kandi
Scabies is a skin condition caused by infestation of the mite Sarcoptes scabiei. Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis is an arthropod member belonging to the order Acarina. Scabies is present throughout the world and is prevalent in all age groups, mostly involving people frequently in contact with animals, children, women, and elderly people. Predisposing factors for scabies include individuals with immunosuppressive conditions and people residing under low socioeconomic conditions. Skin lesions that occur during mite infestation closely resemble dermatological disorders caused by microbes, including fungi, parasites, and viruses...
March 19, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428928/origin-branching-and-communications-of-the-intercostobrachial-nerve-a-meta-analysis-with-implications-for-mastectomy-and-axillary-lymph-node-dissection-in-breast-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Brandon Michael Henry, Matthew J Graves, Jakub R Pękala, Beatrice Sanna, Wan Chin Hsieh, R Shane Tubbs, Jerzy A Walocha, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
The intercostobrachial nerve (ICBN), which usually originates from the lateral cutaneous branch of the second intercostal nerve, innervates areas of the axilla, lateral chest, and medial arm. It is at risk for injury during operative procedures that are often used in the management of breast cancer and such injury has been associated with postoperative sensory loss and neuropathic pain, decreasing the quality of life. PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), ScienceDirect, Google Scholar, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Biosciences Information Service (BIOSIS), and Web of Science were searched comprehensively...
March 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428927/limitations-of-personalized-medicine-and-gene-assays-for-breast-cancer
#12
David Tiberi, Laura Masucci, Daniel Shedid, Isabelle Roy, Toni Vu, Erica Patocskai, André Robidoux, Philip Wong
Adjuvant systemic treatments reduce the risk of breast cancer recurrence following the local treatment of primary stage I-III breast cancers. For patients with hormone-positive breast cancers receiving hormonal therapy, the risk of distant recurrence is under 20% and therefore, many patients may potentially be spared of chemotherapy. Consequently, several molecular signatures based on gene expression were developed to better determine which breast cancer patients would benefit from chemotherapy. We present the case of a 62-year-old woman diagnosed with an early stage hormone receptor-positive breast cancer that was treated with a partial mastectomy...
March 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413745/seven-cases-of-zika-virus-infection-in-south-florida
#13
Waqaar Khawar, Romina Bromberg, Molly Moor, Natalya Lyubynska, Hilda Mahmoudi
INTRODUCTION: Zika virus, an arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family, is a mosquito-borne virus known to cause microcephaly through vertical transmission. Infection presents with mild, self-limiting symptoms. Currently, a Zika virus outbreak has spread across most of South and Central America. Travel-related and sexually transmitted cases have been reported across the United States. However, the vector-borne transmission has been limited to Florida and Texas. We present seven cases of Zika virus infection that presented at a single institution in South Florida...
March 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413744/bilateral-retinal-detachments-associated-with-inversion-table-therapy
#14
Valerie C Lerebours, Austin J Rohl, Saad Shaikh
To report a case of sequential bilateral inferior retinal detachments secondary to inversion table therapy. A 67-year-old-male developed inferior rhegmatoegnous retinal detachments (RRD) in both eyes on two different occasions with the use of inversion therapeutic tables. Various predisposing factors have been documented for RRD such as previous cataract surgery, peripheral retinal degenerations, high myopia, history of previous retinal detachments and direct ocular trauma. The authors report here a case of inferior retinal detachments associated with the use of inversion therapy...
March 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413743/real-time-fluoroscopic-and-c-arm-computed-tomography-evaluation-of-ommaya-reservoir-integrity
#15
Adrienne M Moraff, Melanie Hayden Gephart, Larry M Shuer, Jeremy J Heit
We describe a case of a 24-year-old patient with relapsed acute myelogenous leukemia involving the central nervous system. After placement of an Ommaya reservoir for intrathecal chemotherapy administration, the patient developed progressive headache, nausea, and drowsiness and was found to have an enlarging subdural collection underlying the Ommaya. To exclude leakage of the Ommaya system into the subdural space, real-time fluoroscopic and C-arm computed tomographic evaluation of the Ommaya reservoir was performed after iodinated contrast injection into the reservoir...
March 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413742/rapidly-progressing-myelodysplastic-syndrome-initially-presenting-as-acute-leukemia
#16
Sara Parylo, Adarsh Vennepurredy, Terenig Terjanian
Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) refers to a group of various stem cell disorders, characterized by dysplastic and ineffective production in one or more cell lines. In general, MDS tends to present slowly over months to years and is commonly detected with routine bloodwork by primary care physicians. Patients may be asymptomatic and depending on age, comorbidities and risk classification of MDS may not require aggressive therapy. However, MDS carries the risk of progressing to acute leukemia over time. We present a case of rapidly progressive MDS in a previously healthy middle-aged female, originally presenting and treated as acute leukemia...
March 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413741/serial-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Ahmed H Qavi, Tasnim F Imran, Zachariah Hasan, Fariha Ilyas, Usman Ghani, Salman Assad, Shabih Hasan
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, degenerative, invariably fatal brain disorder. CJD usually appears in later life and runs a rapid course. Typically, the onset of symptoms occurs about age 60 and about 90% of individuals die within one year. We report a case of 67-year-old male presented with progressive aphasia, confusion, dysphagia and inability to carry out activities of daily life (ADLs) over a period of three to four weeks. The patient had past medical history of chronic atrial fibrillation and hypertension...
March 14, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413740/relationship-of-the-median-and-radial-nerves-at-the-elbow-application-to-avoiding-injury-during-venipuncture-or-other-invasive-procedures-of-the-cubital-fossa
#18
Vlad Voin, Joe Iwanaga, Juan P Sardi, Christian Fisahn, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: The median and radial nerves are two important neural structures found in the cubital fossa. The trajectory and landmarks used to identify their location are important when procedures are done in this area. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Ten fresh-frozen cadavers were dissected (20 upper limbs) and measurements were taken from the medial epicondyle to the median and radial nerves as well as to the lateral epicondyle of each limb. RESULTS: The distance between the medial epicondyle and the median nerve was found to be three centimeters with a range of 2...
March 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413739/genetic-modulation-therapy-through-stem-cell-transplantation-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-1-infection
#19
REVIEW
Varshil Mehta, Divya Chandramohan, Shivika Agarwal
Highly active anti-retroviral treatment has changed the dimensions of the outcomes for patients suffering from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). However, HIV infection is still an ailment which is spreading throughout the world extensively. Given the confinements of the present restorative methodologies and the non-availability of any strategic vaccination against HIV, there is a squeezing need to build a therapeutic treatment. Viral tropism for HIV includes CD4+ cells, macrophages, and microglial cells, and it is through binding with co-receptors C-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CCR5) and C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4)...
March 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413738/high-energy-trauma-precipitating-intramedullary-cavernous-malformation-hemorrhage-a-possible-underreported-mechanism
#20
Pedro Aguilar-Salinas, Douglas Gonsales, Leonardo B Brasiliense, Eric Sauvageau, Ricardo A Hanel
Cavernous malformations are uncommon vascular lesions with an estimated prevalence of 0.5% in the general population. Intramedullary cavernous malformations (ICM) represent a rare subset of lesions, which account for approximately 5% of all cavernous malformations. The annual risk of hemorrhage in ICMs has been reported to range from 1.4 to 6.8%. Most patients are diagnosed with neurological dysfunction secondary to ICM hemorrhage and little is known about the inciting events that lead to hemorrhage. A few studies have suggested that minor and major trauma or even intense exertion may increase the risk of hemorrhage...
March 13, 2017: Curēus
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