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International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127173/crouzon-s-syndrome-a-rare-genetic-disorder
#1
Anupriya Kaushik, Hindpal Bhatia, Naresh Sharma
Crouzon's syndrome, also known as brachial arch syndrome, is an autosomal dominant disorder with complete penetrance and variable expressivity. Described by a French neurosurgeon in 1912, it is a rare genetic disorder. Crouzon's syndrome is caused by mutation in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) gene. Normally, the sutures in the human skull fuse after the complete growth of the brain, but if any of these sutures close early, then it may interfere with the growth of the brain. The disease is characterized by craniosynostosis, with associated dentofacial anomalies...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127172/orocraniofacial-findings-of-a-pediatric-patient-with-joubert-syndrome
#2
Mridula Goswami, Anju S Rajwar, Mahesh Verma
Joubert syndrome (JS) is a very rare autosomal recessive disorder, involving agenesis or dysgenesis of cerebellar vermis and brain stem. The neurological features of JS include hypotonia, ataxia, developmental delay, intellectual disability, abnormal eye movements, and neonatal breathing dysregulation. These may be associated with multiorgan involvement, mainly retinal dystrophy, nephronophthisis, hepatic fibrosis, and polydactyly. An obligatory hallmark feature associated with JS is the molar tooth sign (MTS), a complex midbrain-hindbrain malformation visible on brain imaging...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127171/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-dental-surgeons-in-managing-child-patients
#3
Aisha Wali, Talha Mufeed Siddiqui, Rabia Khan, Kanza Batool
The aim of the study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of dental surgeons in the city of Karachi providing treatment to pediatric patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of dental surgeons in the city of Karachi providing treatment to pediatric patients. A cluster-sampling technique was used and 200 dental surgeons from six different dental institutions were selected. A self-constructed questionnaire was distributed to the dental surgeons that comprised 20 closed-ended questions...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127170/dental-caries-status-of-institutionalized-orphan-children-from-jammu-and-kashmir-india
#4
Aasim F Shah, Pradeep Tangade, T L Ravishankar, Amit Tirth, Sumit Pal, Manu Batra
INTRODUCTION: It has been well documented that the absence of family support influences the general and oral health of the children. Factors that lead to the development of disease at a given point in time are likely to have their roots in a complex chain of environmental events that may have begun years before. A number of studies have examined the relationship between dental caries and material deprivation and found a positive association between them. Though orphans contribute to 2% of world's population, literature regarding their oral health status is very scarce...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127169/dental-videographic-analysis-using-digital-age-media
#5
Anirudh Agarwal, Karan Seth, Siddharaj Parmar, Rahul Jhawar
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was to evaluate a new method of smile analysis using videographic and photographic softwares (as in this study Photoshop Elements X, Windows Movie Maker 2012) as primary assessment tools and to develop an index for malocclusion and treatment plan that could be used in assessing severity of maloc-clussion. HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE: Agarwal A, Seth K, Parmar S, Jhawar R. Dental Videographic Analysis using Digital Age Media. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(4):355-363...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127168/effectiveness-of-mouthrinse-formulated-from-aqueous-extract-of-terminalia-chebula-on-salivary-streptococcus-mutans-count-and-ph-among-8-to-12-year-old-school-children-of-karnataka-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Madhuchanda Palit, Sundeep K Hegde, Sham S Bhat
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the anticar-iogenic efficacy of hot and cold aqueous extracts of Terminalia chebula against Streptococcus mutans as an oral rinse and also to discover the acceptability of the mouthwash in children. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Sixty children between 8 and 12 years with high caries risk were selected. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 10% concentration of hot and cold aqueous extracts were prepared. Children were randomly divided into extract and control group...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127167/correlation-of-streptococcus-mutans-count-in-mother-child-pair-of-working-and-nonworking-mothers-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Priyanka Sharma, Mousumi Goswami, Darrel Singh, Shahid S Massod, Khundrakpam Nganba
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of Streptococcus mutans (MS) in mother-child pairs and to evaluate the correlation in the levels of salivary MS of working and nonworking mothers with that of their children and their associations with other related factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 100 mother-child pairs residing in New Multan Nagar Colony, New Delhi, India. A total of 50 children with their mothers were included in the working group and another 50 were included in the nonworking group...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127166/antimicrobial-activity-of-endodontic-medicaments-and-vehicles-using-agar-well-diffusion-method-on-facultative-and-obligate-anaerobes
#8
Triveni M Nalawade, Kishore G Bhat, Suma Sogi
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the relative antimicrobial effectiveness of these endodontic medicaments and various vehicles using an agar well diffusion assay. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Double Antibiotic Paste(DAP), modified DAP, 2% Chlorhexidine gluconate and their combination with four vehicles namely Polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG), Propylene glycol (PG), combinations of PG with PEG and lastly Glycerine were tested using agar well diffusion assay. The minimum bactericidal concentration was noted against four standard strains of organisms ie Streptococcus mutans ATCC( American Type Culture Collection) 25175, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 12598, Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 35550 and Eschericia coli ATCC 25922...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127165/age-assessment-in-children-a-novel-cameriere-s-stratagem
#9
Prabhakar Ramasetty Attiguppe, Chandrashekar Yavagal, Rekhamani Maganti, P Mythri
AIM: Age is one of the essential factors in establishing the identity of a person, especially in children. Age estimation plays an important part in treatment planning, forensic dentistry, legal issues, and paleodemographic research. The present study was an attempt to estimate the chronological age in children of Davangere population by using Cameriere's India specific formula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study to estimate the chronological age in children of Davangere population...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127164/mode-of-delivery-and-its-influence-on-the-acquisition-of-streptococcus-mutans-in-infants
#10
Ritu G Ubeja, Chetan Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries pose distinct challenges when it comes to determining their microbial etymology. Streptococcus mutans play an important role in dental caries. The aim of the present study was to compare oral microbiota in infants delivered by these different routes. A study was conducted on 40 infants. Swab sample collection was done for the detection of S. mutans. Our study indicated no differences in oral microbiota in infants due to mode of delivery. AIM: To assess whether infants born through cesarean section delivery or infants born through normal delivery influence the initial acquisition of S...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127163/evaluation-of-different-diagnostic-modalities-for-diagnosis-of-dental-caries-an-in-vivo-study
#11
Iram Zaidi, Rani Somani, Shipra Jaidka, Muhamad Nishad, Shikha Singh, Divya Tomar
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate the efficacy of different diagnostic aids for diagnosis of dental caries and to compare the validity in terms of sensitivity and specificity of all four diagnostic modalities for diagnosis of caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Occlusal surfaces of 100 primary and permanent molars were examined using the four diagnostic systems (visual, intraoral camera, DIAGNOdent, and DIAGNOdent with dye). These results were compared with operative intervention gold standard...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127162/comparative-evaluation-of-0-2-chlorhexidine-mouthwash-xylitol-chewing-gum-and-combination-of-0-2-chlorhexidine-mouthwash-and-xylitol-chewing-gum-on-salivary-streptococcus-mutans-and-biofilm-levels-in-8-to-12-year-old-children
#12
Meena Syed, Radhika Chopra, Vandana Shrivastava, Vinod Sachdev
AIM: To assess the effect of combining 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthwash with xylitol (XYL) chewing gum on Streptococcus mutans and biofilm levels among 8- to 12-year-old children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty children aged 8 to 12 years were selected with moderate and high salivary S. mutans levels. They were divided into three groups of 20 children each: (1) XYL group where the subjects chewed XYL twice daily; (2) CHX where rinsing was done twice daily; and (3) combination of XYL and CHX group (XYL+CHX) where both the agents were used once daily...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127161/blood-group-determination-using-dna-extracted-from-exfoliated-primary-teeth-at-various-time-durations-and-temperatures-a-pcr-study
#13
Reshma K Pai, Sham S Bhat, Afreen Salman, Sundeep Hegde
AIM: To determine polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based blood group on tooth pulp obtained from teeth stored for 1 month, 6 months, and 1 year following extraction and to evaluate the stability of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in primary tooth subjected to a temperature of 200°C ± 5°C for 15 minutes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental pulp tissue was collected from 40 exfoliated primary teeth stored for various time durations and temperature and preserved at 4°C till DNA extraction was carried out...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127160/incidence-of-apical-crack-initiation-during-canal-preparation-using-hand-stainless-steel-k-file-and-hand-niti-protaper-files
#14
Dileep Soni, Deepak Raisingani, Rachit Mathur, Nidha Madan, Suchita Visnoi
AIM: To evaluate the incidence of apical crack initiation during canal preparation with stainless steel K-files and hand protaper files (in vitro study). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty extracted mandibular premo-lar teeth are randomly selected and embedded in an acrylic tube filled with autopolymerizing resin. A baseline image of the apical surface of each specimen was recorded under a digital microscope (80×). The cervical and middle thirds of all samples were flared with #2 and #1 Gates-Glidden (GG) drills, and a second image was recorded...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127159/efficacy-of-concomitant-therapy-with-fluoride-and-chlorhexidine-varnish-on-remineralization-of-incipient-lesions-in-young-children
#15
Sarika Naidu, Shobha Tandon, Rashmi Nayak, P Venkat Ratnanag, Deepesh Prajapati, Namitha Kamath
AIM: To assess the effect of combined use of chlorhexidine and fluoride varnish on the remineralization of incipient carious lesions in young children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty caries-active children (80 lesions) were randomly divided into four groups and subjected to initial examination. Caries status was assessed visually and with the aid of DIAGNOdent. Baseline enamel biopsies were obtained. Subjects of groups I and II received fluoride and chlorhexidine varnish respectively...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127158/comparison-of-microleakage-and-penetration-depth-between-hydrophilic-and-hydrophobic-sealants-in-primary-second-molar
#16
Pritesh N Gawali, Vishwas B Chaugule, Amey M Panse
INTRODUCTION: Optimal pit and fissure sealing is determined by surface preparation techniques and choice of materials. The performance of pit and fissure sealant materials has been intensively investigated, yet no single product is reported as an ideal sealant. In children, moisture control during cavity preparation is always a big challenge, and hence, hydrophilic sealants have been developed. AIM: To compare the microleakage and penetration depth of hydrophilic and hydrophobic sealants using acid-etching on dry and moist surfaces...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127157/comparative-evaluation-of-bioactive-synthetic-novabone-putty-and-calcified-algae-derived-porous-hydroxyapatite-bone-grafts-for-the-treatment-of-intrabony-defects
#17
Nitika N Bembi, Sumit Bembi, Jyoti Mago, Gurpreet Kaur Baweja, Parvinder Singh Baweja
INTRODUCTION: To compare and evaluate clinically and radio-graphically the bone regeneration and the amount of bone fill in intrabony component of periodontal osseous defects through the osteoconductive and osteostimulative effect of bioactive synthetic NovaBone Putty - CMF and osteoconductive effect of calcified algae-derived porous hydroxyapatite Frios(®) Algi-pore(®) bone grafts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two sites in 11 patients, within the age range of 25 to 60 years, showing intrabony defects were selected according to split mouth design and divided into group I (Frios(®) Algipore(®)) and group II (NovaBone Putty - CMF)...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843265/guest-editorial
#18
EDITORIAL
Nikhil Srivastava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843264/mandibular-dentigerous-cyst-in-a-10-year-old-child
#19
Bindu Bhardwaj, Sunil Sharma, Punit Chitlangia, Prateek Agarwal, Amit Bhamboo, Komal Rastogi
Dentigerous cyst is the most common odontogenic cyst. It is characterized by a unilocular radiolucent lesion that encloses permanent tooth buds or, under certain circumstances, displaced tooth buds. Buccal bony expansion and a missing tooth is the most common clinical feature. Various treatment modalities have been mentioned in the literature for management of dentigerous cysts. This article presents a left mandibular dentigerous cyst in a 10-year-old boy. Marsupialization was the treatment of choice and a denturelike space maintainer was provided...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843263/goldenhar-syndrome-a-case-report-with-review
#20
Mridula Goswami, Urvashi Bhushan, Babita Jangra
Goldenhar syndrome is a rare condition which is characterized by a multitude of anomalies involving craniofacial structures, vertebrae, internal organs and usually occurs unilaterally. The etiology of this syndrome is unclear since it varies genetically and is linked to a plethora of reasons. Herein, we report a case of Goldenhar syndrome with hemifacial microsomia and microtia along with systemic involvement which was clinically and radio-graphically assessed. Many classical signs of the syndrome were present in the patient along with few rare ones...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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