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International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377668/editorial
#1
EDITORIAL
Nikhil Marwah Mds
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377667/esthetic-rehabilitation-of-primary-anterior-teeth-using-temporization-material-a-novel-approach
#2
Neeraj Gugnani, I K Pandit, Monika Gupta, Jyoti Nagpal
Pediatric dentists should always aim for esthetic and functional rehabilitation of decayed/traumatized primary teeth. The most common method for restoring such teeth involves the use of "strip crowns" with composites, while the recent trend is toward using other extracoronal restorations including preve-neered stainless steel crowns and zirconia crowns. All these restorative options have shown good success rates, but also have some limitations. This case series depicts novel clinical technique of using a temporization material for full-coronal restoration(s) in primary anterior teeth...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377666/unique-approach-to-dental-management-of-children-with-hearing-impairment
#3
Navanith Renahan, R Balagopal Varma, Parvathy Kumaran, Arun M Xavier
The number of deaf children has dramatically increased in the past few decades. These children present to the pediatric dentist a unique set of challenges mostly pertaining to the establishment of communication with them. There have been very few attempts in the past to break down these challenges and formulate a strategy on how to manage them effectively. This is a case report of a child who was successfully managed using two different modes of communication. Finally, the advantages and disadvantages are mentioned, and a common strategy incorporating the positives of both the methods has been devised...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377665/peripheral-odontogenic-fibroma-a-rare-tumor-mimicking-a-gingival-reactive-lesion
#4
Komal Khot, Swati Deshmane, Kriti Bagri-Manjrekar, Paresh Khot
Gingival growths are one of the most frequently encountered lesions in the oral cavity. A plethora of lesions can be seen having similar clinical presentation, making diagnosis a dilemma. Peripheral odontogenic tumors are rare neoplasms to occur on gingiva, the most common among them being the peripheral odontogenic fibroma (POdF). The POdF is a benign, slow-growing, exophytic lesion. Although considered to have a recurrence potential after excision, the actual recurrence rate is not known due to paucity of reported cases...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377664/diagnosis-and-management-of-hidden-caries-in-a-primary-molar-tooth
#5
Arwa Gera, Uri Zilberman
Hidden caries is a dentinal lesion beneath the dentinoenamel junction, visible on radiographs. A single report described this lesion in primary dentition. This case report describes a case of hidden caries in a mandibular second primary molar, misdiagnosed as malignant swelling. A 3-year-old white girl was referred to the Department of Pediatric Dentistry with a chief complaint of pain and extraoral swelling on the right side of the mandible for the last 3 months. She was earlier referred to the surgical department for biopsy of the lesion...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377663/pediatric-palatal-fibroma
#6
Rahul Mishra, Tayyeb S Khan, Tarannum Ajaz, Mamta Agarwal
Fibroma is one of the most common soft tissue benign tumors of the oral cavity. These masses represent hyperplasias instead of true neoplasm, which develop due to irritation to the mucosal tissue resulting in proliferation of the cells. Although so common in the oral cavity, its occurrence on the palate is rare, mainly due to fewer chances of trauma. Here, we report a case of palatal fibroma in a child diagnosed on the basis of clinical, radiological, and histological features. The case represents an extremely rare occurrence as unusual trauma due to thumb sucking seemed to be the only apparent traumatic factor in the palatal region...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377662/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-school-teachers-toward-oral-health-in-davangere-india
#7
Prabhadevi C Maganur, V Satish, Nikhil Marwah, T D Vishwas, M C Dayanand
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of school teachers toward oral health. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Descriptive study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: School teachers (n = 150) of Davangere city were recruited into this study. The subjects completed a questionnaire that aimed to evaluate teachers' knowledge, attitudes, and practices on oral health. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The results were statistically analyzed and percentage was calculated...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377661/awareness-of-lebanese-pediatricians-regarding-children-s-oral-health
#8
Nahla Nassif, Balsam Noueiri, Riad Bacho, Kassem Kassak
Pediatricians have an important role in early identification and prevention of oral health, but they reported lack of knowledge in this field. AIM: the aim of the study is to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of Lebanese pediatricians regarding children's oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study including 100 Lebanese pediatricians was performed. They answered 21 questions. Three variables were taken into consideration: The number of years in practice, the place and type of practice...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377660/comprehensive-format-of-informed-consent-in-research-and-practice-a-tool-to-uphold-the-ethical-and-moral-standards
#9
REVIEW
P Arun Bhupathi, G R Ravi
Informed consent in research, clinical trial, and practice is a process in which a patient/participant consents to participate or undergo the proposed procedures after being informed of its procedures, risks, and benefits. Ideally, the patient/participant is expected to give his consent only after fully comprehending the information about the procedures, benefits, and risks involved in research/clinical trial/practice. Thus, many ethical issues are entwined in the process of obtaining a proper informed consent...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377659/animal-bite-injuries-in-children-review-of-literature-and-case-series
#10
REVIEW
Aviral Agrawal, Pradeep Kumar, Ruchi Singhal, Virendra Singh, Amrish Bhagol
INTRODUCTION: Maxillofacial region in children is particularly vulnerable to animal bite injuries. These injuries may range from insignificant scratches to life-threatening neck and facial injuries. Children are the common victims, particularly of dog bites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three cases of animal bite injuries in children with their clinical presentation and their management are being presented along with review of literature. Surgical management included cleansing and primary closure of the wound...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377658/effects-of-fluoride-varnish-on-streptococcus-mutans-count-in-saliva
#11
Sourabh Badjatia, Rini G Badjatia, K Thanveer, Ajith Cg Krishnan
AIM: To evaluate the effect of fluoride varnish on Streptococcus mutans count in saliva among 12-year-old school children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of fluoride varnish on S. mutans count in saliva among 12-year-old school children. A total of 42 school-going children attending schools in Vadodara district, Gujarat, India, were divided into two groups. Group I was treated with fluoride varnish and group II received no treatment...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377657/evaluation-of-masticatory-stimulation-effect-on-the-maxillary-transversal-growth-in-ectodermal-dysplasia-children
#12
Elia Sfeir, Mona G Nahass, Ayman Mourad
AIMS: Severe oligodontia is one of the most important symptoms in children with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED). The growth of the maxilla is a key consideration in restoring their mouth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the transversal maxillary sutural growth, after passive masticatory stimulation, in HED children. We also thought to assess the efficiency and functional outcome of the proposed propriocep-tive passive expansion (PPE) prosthetic device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 13 children (age 6-11 years) suffering from HED with severe oligodontia...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377656/a-comparative-evaluation-of-sorption-solubility-and-compressive-strength-of-three-different-glass-ionomer-cements-in-artificial-saliva-an-in-vitro-study
#13
Hind P Bhatia, Shivani Singh, Shveta Sood, Naresh Sharma
AIM: To evaluate and compare the sorption, solubility, and compressive strength of three different glass ionomer cements in artificial saliva - type IX glass ionomer cement, silver-reinforced glass ionomer cement, and zirconia-reinforced glass ionomer cement, so as to determine the material of choice for stress-bearing areas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 90 cylindrical specimens (4 mm diameter and 6 mm height) were prepared for each material following the manufacturer's instructions...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377655/efficacy-of-various-intracanal-medicaments-in-human-primary-teeth-with-necrotic-pulp-against-candida-biofilms-an-in-vivo-study
#14
Jophie V Paikkatt, Sheela Sreedharan, Beena Philomina, V P Kannan, Madhu Santhakumar, Tv Anupam Kumar
BACKGROUND: Candida has been associated with cases of secondary and persistent root canal infections. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of commonly used intracanal medicament against Candida biofilms found in root canals of human primary teeth with necrotic pulp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pulp canals of 45 single-rooted primary maxillary anterior teeth with pulp necrosis in 34 children were included in the study. They were divided into three groups of 15 samples each - group I: Ca(OH)2 (calcium hydroxide); group II: 1% chlorhexidine gel (CHX); and group III: 1% metronidazole gel...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377654/a-comparative-study-of-ion-diffusion-from-calcium-hydroxide-with-various-herbal-pastes-through-dentin
#15
Priyanka Dausage, Rajesh B Dhirawani, Jayant Marya, Vrinda Dhirawani, Vijayendra Kumar
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diffusion ability of ions through dentinal tubules of different nonalcoholic calcium hydroxide-containing herbal pastes and compare it with the calcium hydroxide paste prepared with saline. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 36 single-rooted premolar teeth were used in this study. The tooth crowns were removed and the root canals were prepared. Depending on the vehicle to be used for preparing calcium hydroxide pastes, six groups were made: Group I: Ca(OH)2 saline paste (control group), group II: Ca(OH)2 papaya latex paste, group III: Ca(OH)2 coconut water paste, group IV: Ca(OH)2 Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) paste, group V: Ca(OH)2 Tulsi (Ocimum tenuiflorum) paste, and group VI: Ca(OH)2 garlic (Allium sativum) paste...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377653/clinical-and-radiological-evaluation-of-turmeric-powder-as-a-pulpotomy-medicament-in-primary-teeth-an-in-vivo-study
#16
Rajiv N Purohit, Manohar Bhatt, Kanchan Purohit, Jitendra Acharya, Rajesh Kumar, Rakesh Garg
Many plants with biological and antimicrobiological properties have been studied since there has been a relevant increase in the incidence of antibiotic overuse and misuse. In dentistry, phytomedicines have been used as anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, analgesic, and sedative agents. Turmeric is used extensively in foods for its flavor and color, as well as having a long tradition of use in the Chinese and Ayurvedic systems of medicine, particularly as an anti-inflammatory and for the treatment of flatulence, jaundice, menstrual difficulties, hematuria, hemorrhage, and colic...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377652/a-comparative-evaluation-of-accuracy-of-new-generation-electronic-apex-locator-with-conventional-radiography-to-determine-working-length-in-primary-teeth-an-in-vivo-study
#17
K Vidya Bhat, Prakashchandra Shetty, Latha Anandakrishna
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a new-generation electronic apex locator (iPex) to determine working length in primary teeth with or without root resorption as compared with the conventional radiographic method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 30 primary posterior teeth which are indicated for pulpectomy were selected for the study. After obtaining the informed consent from the parents, local anesthesia was administered. Access cavity was prepared with no...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377651/a-cross-sectional-study-for-assessment-of-untreated-dental-caries-and-its-consequences-among-slum-dwelling-children
#18
Charu Marya, Sakshi Kataria, Ruchi Nagpal, Sukhvinder S Oberoi, Chandan Dhingra, Dimple Arora
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries affects humans of all ages throughout the world and remains the major dental public health problem among children globally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the cluster sampling technique to obtain the required sample size of 400 children from urban slum population of Faridabad, Haryana, India. Data were collected using World Health Organization dentition status 1997 criteria and PUFA/pufa index. TYPE OF STUDY: Cross-sectional study...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377650/identifying-dental-anxiety-in-children-s-drawings-and-correlating-it-with-frankl-s-behavior-rating-scale
#19
Jyoti Mathur, Amish Diwanji, Bhumi Sarvaiya, Dipal Sharma
AIM: To develop a simple method to assess the level of anxiety by using children's drawings and correlating them with Frankl's behavior rating scale. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 178 patients aged of 3 to 14 years were handed out two-page forms which contained three sections on coloring and drawing, along with general information, and Frankl's behavior rating scale for the visit. The three types of drawing exercises given to the patients were geometric copy drawings, coloring a nonthreatening figure, and an empty sheet for freehand drawing...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377649/comparative-evaluation-of-clinical-and-radiographic-success-of-formocresol-propolis-turmeric-gel-and-calcium-hydroxide-on-pulpotomized-primary-molars-a-preliminary-study
#20
Shivayogi M Hugar, Pratibha Kukreja, Shweta S Hugar, Niraj Gokhale, Harsha Assudani
AIMS: Despite various advents in technology, the present era marks a shift to phytotherapeutics and alternative modalities to conventional endodontic treatments. Newer endodontic modalities have been developed inculcating the ancient system of medicine. The present study was done to compare and evaluate the clinical pulp response and radiographic signs after pulpotomy in four groups of primary molar teeth treated with formocresol (control), propolis extract, turmeric gel, and calcium hydroxide respectively...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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