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International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Mariana C Ilha, Paulo F Kramer, Simone H Ferreira, Henrique C Ruschel
Pre-eruptive intracoronal radiolucency (PECR) is characterized by the existence of a radiographic radiolucent area inside the coronal dentin prior to dental eruption. It is a rare clinical entity of unknown etiology, usually asymptomatic and diagnosed through routine radiographs. The aim of this article is to report the treatment of a PECR in an 8-year-old girl. Surgical procedure to expose the crown was conducted; upon tooth eruption, the radiolucent lesion was accessed and the tooth was restored. The case has an 18-month follow-up and emphasis on aspects linked to diagnosis and clinical approach was discussed...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Snigdha Pattanaik, Navya Puvvula, Noorjahan Mohammad
Background: Patients with class II malocclusion generally seek orthodontic treatment for esthetic concern. Various myo-functionl appliances can be used for the treatment of skeletal as well as the dental malocclusion in a growing patient. Among various functional appliances, twin block appliance is most commonly used due to better patient compliances. It redirects the mandibular growth to correct the maxillomandibular relationship, enhancing facial esthet ics. This article presents a modified design of the twin block appliance which is less bulky, more esthetic, can be used concurrently with fixed orthodontic appliance, and is easily accepted by uncooperative patients...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Ziauddin Mohammad, Apeksha Bagalkotkar, Ashank Mishra, Gopi Veerala
Oral habits in the form of thumb sucking and tongue thrusting are commonly learned patterns of behavior seen in preschool children and they are associated with anxiety, fear, hunger, oral pressure, and sleep. Chronic practice can cause dentoalveolar, perioral problems, and atypical root resorption (ARR) of anterior primary teeth. The ARR is provoked by the thumb sucking habit, and leads to early loss of anterior primary teeth. The early loss of anterior tooth may result in speech and masticatory problems, and psychological disturbance to the child...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Ipshita A Suyash, Rupinder Bhatia
Soft tissue lesions of the oral cavity are seen in children at the dental office. This case report aims to showcase the ability of laser to treat recurrent soft tissue lesions in the oral cavity in a painless manner. This painless procedure provides relief to the child and parent who suffer from anxiety toward dental treatment. How to cite this article: Suyash IA, Bhatia R. A Case of Painless Excision. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(2):135-140.
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Davi de Sá Cavalcante, Cristiane Sr Fonteles, Thyciana R Ribeiro, Lúcio M Kurita, Alynne Vde M Pimenta, Francisco Sr Carvalho, Fábio Wg Costa
Regional odontodysplasia (RO) is a rare nonhereditary developmental condition usually affecting maxilla and female patients. A few number of articles have used the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to describe imaging findings in RO. Thus, this article aims to report unusual imaging findings in a Brazilian child who presented with mandibular RO. A healthy 8-year-old boy was referred for evaluation of an anterior mandibular gingival enlargement. Radiographically, all right mandibular teeth showed wide pulp chambers and shortened roots with thin dentinal walls and open apices, featuring a "ghost teeth" appearance, which indicated a diagnosis of RO...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Rahul Kaul, Paras Angrish, Parul Jain, Subrata Saha, Ashok V Sengupta, Shantanu Mukherjee
Introduction: Dental infections are multimicrobial in origin with their etiological factors involving a combination of Gram-positive, Gram-negative, facultative anaerobes, and obligate anaerobic bacteria. Thus, antibiotics and analgesics account for a great majority of medicines prescribed by the dental surgeons. Inappropriate prescription of antibiotics by health care professionals has become a worldwide issue nowadays. Aim: The purpose of the present study was to:• Determine the pattern of antibiotic prescription among dentists of Kolkata...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sumita Upadhyay, Gyanendra Kumar, Jatinder K Dhillon, Namrata C Gill
Aim: To determine the perception of Indian dental professionals about prevalence, severity, and etiological factors of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH). Materials and methods: An online survey was mailed to dental professionals encompassing various questions regarding etiology, diagnosis, prevalence, and management of MIH. Results: More than 90% of the respondents encounter teeth with hypomineralization in their practice, with less than half of them encountering such teeth on a monthly basis...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Anu Garg, Manish Madan, Parminder Dua, Sheeba Saini, Ritu Mangla, Pallav Singhal, Akash Dupper
Aim: To validate the caries risk profiles in 5- and 12-year-old school-going children and to single out main contributing factor, if any, using cariogram over a period of 1 year. Materials and methods: A cariogram model was used to create caries risk profiles on 499 children aged 5 and 12 years ±6 months. They were divided into 2 groups. The group I and group II consisted of 250 and 249 children respectively. Re-examination was done after 1 year and caries increment was recorded...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Javaregowda P Beena, Punyatoya Sahoo, Sapna Konde, N Sunil Raj, Narayana C Kumar, Manisha Agarwal
Aim: The aim of the study was to test the antibacterial activity of manuka honey and compare its efficacy with another commercially available honey (Dabur honey) on the cariogenic bacteria on Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus. Materials and methods: An in vitro study was carried out on 40 agar specimens; the samples were divided into two groups of 20 samples consisting of S. mutans and Lactobacil-lus respectively. The 20 samples in each group were further subdivided into four groups of five each, which were tested with 25% manuka honey, 100% manuka honey, 25% Dabur honey, and 100% Dabur honey for both Lactobacillus and S...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Priyam R Velani, Preetam Shah, Laxmi Lakade
Introduction: A unique blood group is a characteristic every individual possesses. Blood group antigens like A, B, D, H, etc., are found to be present on the cell surfaces of red blood cells (RBCs). Besides blood, these are also secreted in various body secretions like semen, sweat, amniotic fluid, and saliva. Blood grouping has several applications in forensic sciences and is also a major part of routine medical investigations. Presence of these antigens in saliva is dependent on the secretor status of an individual...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Megha Sharma, Inder K Pandit, Nikhil Srivastava, Neeraj Gugnani, Monika Gupta
Dental caries is a disease of multifactorial origin and Streptococcus mutans is considered as the chief pathogen responsible for its development. However, reduction in the number of pathogenic bacteria, particularly S. mutans, with the use of various preventive measures, can reduce dental caries to a significant level. Therefore, the present clinical study was undertaken to evaluate and compare the efficacy of toothbrushing, fluoride varnish, chlorhexidine mouthwash, and a probiotic (Yakult) in reducing the S...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Madhagudanahalli S Lakshmi, Kudlapur T Srilatha, Bhojraj Nandlal, Seema Deshmukh
The important armamentarium in the present day scenario against caries prevention is considered to be a combination of preventive methods. The present study was conducted to evaluate the preventive effect of pit and fissure sealant pretreated with fluoride varnish on initial carious lesion by fluorescence camera (FC). How to cite this article: Lakshmi MS, Srilatha KT, Nandlal B, Deshmukh S. Clinical Evaluation of Preventive Effect of Fissure Sealants on Initial Carious Lesion of Permanent Mandibular Molars Pretreated with and without Fluoride Varnish by Fluorescence Camera...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Prashant Jalannavar, Anand Tavargeri
Introduction: Fracture of anterior teeth is the most frequent type of injury in the permanent dentition. Composite materials have made possible the use of adhesive materials and techniques, but storage of fragment in the media can enhance the bond strength. The purpose was to evaluate the influence of storage media and duration of the fragment in the media on the bond strength of the reattached fragment of teeth. Materials and methods: A total of 104 permanent maxillary central incisors were included...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Nilima R Thosar, Manoj Chandak, Manohar Bhat, Silpi Basak
Aim: The present study was aimed to find out and compare the antimicrobial effect of the paste containing zinc oxide cement mixed with thyme oil (ZO + Th oil) with that of the paste containing zinc oxide and eugenol (ZO + E) against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, common root canal pathogens of deciduous teeth. Materials and methods: An in vitro antimicrobial effect was carried out by the agar diffusion method...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Kalyani Uppu, Suzan Sahana, Ghanashyam P Madu, Aron Ak Vasa, Sowjanya Nalluri, Kumar J Raghavendra
Introduction: Saliva is vital for oral health and helps to maintain oral homeostasis. It may show qualitative and quantitative variations owing to any changes in the systemic health. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease and the individuals may be at higher risk for oral health problems. Objective: The study was aimed to estimate the levels of various salivary components among diabetic and nondiabetic children with similar caries status and also to analyze possible association between caries status and possible caries determinants in the saliva of diabetic children...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Saravana K Kandaswamy, Asokan Sharath, Pr Geetha Priya
Introduction: The use of a mouthwash augments mechanical removal of plaque by brushing and flossing and helps maintain oral health through its antiplaque and antibacterial chemical properties. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of a probiotic mouthwash, sesame oil pulling therapy, and chlorhexidine-based mouth-wash on plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation in schoolchildren aged 10 to 12 years. Materials and methods: The randomized controlled trial included 45 healthy schoolchildren aged 10 to 12 years and studying in Government High School, Tiruchengode, Tamil Nadu, India...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Balsam Noueiri, Nahla Nassif
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus type 1 (DM1) markedly alters the lives of individuals and their families. Family members can be affected by diabetes and its treatment, causing burden, distress, and reduced quality of life (QOL). Objective: The aim of this research is to study the relationship between the diabetic child and the family members, to evaluate the stress and emotional issues between siblings, and to weigh in on the psychological, affective, and financial burden that parents have to deal with in their daily life...
March 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Alline J de Oliveira, Maria Lg Silveira, Danilo A Duarte, Michele B Diniz
The pediatric dental approach to the oral cavity of newborns requires special attention, as many aspects are unique and peculiar to this period of life. It is important that pediatricians and pediatric dentists be aware of the characteristics within normal newborn patterns and prepared to make a correct diagnosis of abnormalities at early stages. Congenital eruption cysts (ECs) are rarely observed in newborns, as at this stage of a child's life, tooth eruption is unusual. This study reports a case of EC treated successfully by monitoring of the lesion, without any surgical procedure...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Ziauddin Mohammad, Sarada Penmetcha, Apeksha Bagalkotkar, Srinivas Namineni
Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) are common in growing children. Among all the dental injuries, complicated crown root fractures (Andreasen Class VI) of maxillary permanent anterior teeth are relatively widespread. Such fractured teeth are often considered as hopeless and are extracted. However, if the tooth is to be retained, various treatment strategies have been proposed. The aim of the present case report is to suggest a new technique to treat a complicated crown root fracture. The management of this case included endodontic procedure and orthodontic extrusion to move the fracture line above the supragingival level...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Nitul Jain, Gaurav Gaur, Vivek Chaturvedy, Ajay Verma
A dentigerous cyst is a developmental odontogenic cyst occurring most commonly in the third molar region of mandible and maxilla and maxillary canine region followed by mandibular premolar areas. However, dentigerous cyst occurring in association with impacted maxillary premolars is a very rare presentation accounting for less than 0.5% of total dentigerous cyst cases. In the following case report, a dentigerous cyst was reported in maxillary premolar region in a nonsyndromic patient having one missing premolar and another malformed one associated with the dentigerous cyst...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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