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International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Ashwin Devasya, Naveen K Ramagoni, Mahantesh Taranath, Kamavaram Ev Prasad, Mythri Sarpangala
Anterior crossbite is one of the most common forms of malocclusion in sagittal relationship of maxilla and mandible. If not corrected at the earliest, it will cause restriction of normal growth and development of both the jaws. The incidence of anterior crossbite is 4 to 5% in primary dentition. Self-correction may occur at the transient dentition or permanent dentition stage, but treating it should be the first priority. Using either removable or fixed appliances is recommended for the correction, but it depends on the patient cooperation, treatment duration, and parent approval...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Gibi Syriac, Elizabeth Joseph, Suresh Rupesh, Josey Mathew
Dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI) is a hereditary condition that may affect both primary and permanent dentition and is characterized by abnormal dentin formation. The teeth may be discolored with chipping of enamel and, in untreated cases, the entire dentition may wear off to the gingiva. This may lead to the formation of abscesses, tooth mobility, and early loss of teeth. In the Indian population, DI is found to have an incidence of 0.09%. Treatment of DI should aim to remove infection, if any, from the oral cavity; restore form, function, and esthetics; and protect posterior teeth from wear for maintaining the occlusal vertical dimension...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Karthik Shunmugavelu, Kumaravel Subramaniam
The main characteristic feature of the pediatric mandible is that of decreased dimension, which leads to compromises in the open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). In the dental segment, the cervically bulbous short stature primary teeth might act an obstacle during the maxillomandibular fixation conventionally. An increased osteogenic potential of bones favors rapid consolidation and remodeling in the affected region. The mixed dentition of the ugly duckling stage adds more burden while stabilizing the fractured segments...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Fernando M Baeder, Daniel F Silva, Ana Cl de Albuquerque, Maria Tbr Santos
Introduction: Individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) often present with oral alterations that impact oral health and require dental treatment. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the use of conscious sedation with nitrous oxide (N2 O) to control stress during dental treatment in individuals with CP using as parameters: Venham score (VS), heart rate (HR), and respiratory rate (RR). Materials and methods: A total of 77 CP patients >3 years of age with a mean age of 11...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Balsam Noueiri, Nahla Nassif, Riad Bacho
Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the behavior of Lebanese pediatricians regarding children's oral health. Materials and methods: A cross sectional study including 100 Lebanese pediatricians was performed. They answered 11 questions. Three variables were taken into consideration: The number of years in practice, the place and the type of practice. Results: The answers were tabulated according to the latter three subdivisions. 97.7% of pediatricians who have been practicing for more than 5years reported inquiring about whether a child is taking a milk/juice bottle overnight as compared to 76...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Mridula Goswami, Puneet Kumar, Urvashi Bhushan
Aim: To evaluate the occurrence of dental injuries in children, the level of knowledge of the participants about preventive measures, and management of dental trauma during sports, in New Delhi. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 450 children aged 6 to 16 years. A structured interviewer-guided questionnaire was used to determine the prevalence of oral injuries sustained during sport activities, the use of mouthguard as well as the athlete's awareness regarding use of mouthguard...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Maryam Pourkazemi, Leila Erfanparast, Sanaz Sheykhgermchi, Milad Ghanizadeh
Introduction: Pain control is one of the most important aspects of behavior management in children. The most common way to achieve pain control is by using local anesthetics (LA). Many studies describe that the buccal nerve innervates the buccal gingiva and mucosa of the mandible for a variable extent from the vicinity of the lower third molar to the lower canine. Regarding the importance of appropriate and complete LA in child-behavior control, in this study, we examined the frequency of buccal gingiva anesthesia of primary mandibular molars and canine after inferior alveolar nerve block injection in 4- to 6-year-old children...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Elia Sfeir, Samia Aboujaoude
Aim: Hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (ED) with the WNT10A mutation produces variable dentofacial symptoms. The aim of this study was to describe a new clinical symptom, i.e., specific to the WNT10A mutation in hidrotic ED. The study investigated the migratory trend of the lower second permanent molars to the ramus or coronoid process. To the best of authors' knowledge, no data in the literature describe this trend in cases of hidrotic ED. Materials and methods: A three-generation family pedigree was established for seven families after the diagnosis of hidrotic ED in a 10-year-old boy...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Nahla Nassif, Mona N Gholmieh, Elia Sfeir, Ayman Mourad
Aim: Interdental stripping is a common clinical procedure in orthodontic therapy, by reshaping the proximal contacts. Handheld abrasive strips have been criticized as time-consuming process. Metallic strip system, diamond disk, or segment disks have become increasingly popular. The aim of this study is to evaluate the morphological aspects of remodeled dental surfaces so as to conclude which of the different techniques (disk, bur, or strip) used to reduce the mesiodistal diameter is the best to reproduce the initial contour of the proximal surface of the tooth...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Murtuza S Zhabuawala, Roopa R Nadig, Veena S Pai, Yashwanth Gowda, Ranjini M Aswathanarayana
Aim: To evaluate the fracture resistance of simulated immature teeth with an apical plug of biodentine followed by composite resin vs total obturation with biodentine tested immediately and after 3 months of aging and also to find out the chemical composition of dentin in contact with these materials. Materials and methods: Extracted human maxillary central incisors with simulated immature apex with radicular dentin thickness (RDT) of 1 to 1.5 mm selected and divided into three groups of 20 each...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Chandrashekhar M Badakar, Prachi J Thakkar, Shivayogi M Hugar, Pratibha Kukreja, Harsha G Assudani, Niraj Gokhale
Aim: To determine and compare the relevance of Piaget's cognitive principles among 4- to 7-year-old parented and orphan children in Belagavi City, Karnataka, India. Materials and methods: This study was conducted on 240 children between the ages of 4 to 7 years who were equally divided into two groups of 120 parented and 120 orphan children. These were subdivided into four groups of 30 children each. Various characteristics like egocentrism, concept of cardinal numbers based on centration, lack of conservation, and reversibility were assessed, using experiments and comparison of their prevalence between two groups was carried out...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
P R Geethapriya, Sharath Asokan, D Kandaswamy
Introduction: Oral health plays a pivotal role in the overall wellbeing of children. As children grow, there is a variation in their oral health status due to the changing trends and lifestyle. Aim: To evaluate and compare the factors related to oral health status in two age groups of school going children. Materials and methods: A total of 582 children aged 8 to 11 years from 3 schools were included. Based on their school grade, they were grouped as younger (third grade) and older (fifth grade) children...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Anil K Goyal, Ambika S Rathore, Mamta Garg, Rinku Mathur, Meenakshi Sharma, Abhishek Khairwa
Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate and compare the antimicrobial efficacy of magnetized water as a mouthwash on colony count of Streptococcus mutans in children. Materials and methods: Total sample size of 30 children were selected out of screened 290 children by simple random sampling between the age group of 7 and 12 years. The study was conducted over a period of 2 weeks. After selection of the children according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, children were allowed using 10 mL of 72 hours magnetized water for 3 minutes twice in a day for a period of 2 weeks, and further plaque and saliva samples were collected at 1- and 2-week intervals from baseline...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Marcello Maddalone, Elisa Rota, Luca Mirabelli, Pier M Venino, Gianluca Porcaro
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the 3-3 mandibular lingual stainless steel retainer to prevent a relapse of orthodontic treatment during the 12-year time span of the survey. Materials and methods: Fifty patients with canine-to-canine bonded retainers (placed at least 10 years earlier) were recalled. All patients had been followed up annually during this period. Patients were screened for stability of the retainer and for the condition of hard and soft oral tissues...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Rashmi Baranwal, Vijay Duggi, Alok Avinash, Alok Dubey, Sulabh Pagaria, Harsha Munot
Introduction: One of the most important factors for successful endodontic therapy is root canal cleaning. The difficulty involved in eliminating microorganisms, as well as their residual presence, warrants the use of root canal dressings after bio-mechanical preparation. Aim: The aim of the study was to compare the diffusion ability between nonalcoholic calcium hydroxide-propolis paste, calcium hydroxide-saline paste, and calcium hydroxide-propylene glycol paste...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Gurpreet Kour, Updesh Masih, Chanchal Singh, Manvi Srivastava, Priti Yadav, Jagriti Kushwah
Aim: The management of pain and anxiety in dentistry encompasses a number of procedural issues, including the delivery of anesthetic solution. One of the most important ways to manage the behavior of children is pain control. Trypanophobia is very common among dental patients and the most important goal of guidelines on behavior guidance for pediatric dental patient is to ease fear and anxiety in dental procedures in children. For the stated reasons, the purpose of the present study was to record child's pain sensation both objectively and subjectively while receiving dental local anesthesia using conventional syringes and diabetic needles...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. 97 in vol. 3, PMID: 27507919.].
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Pradeep Raghav, Kanika Singh, C Munish Reddy, Divya Joshi, Shalu Jain
In orthodontic practice, impaction of maxillary permanent canines is a frequently encountered clinical problem. After the third molar, the canine is the most frequently impacted tooth. For functional occlusion, bringing the impacted canine into occlusion is important to achieve final esthetic in orthodontic practice. This article illustrates a distinct case in which the three permanent canines maintained their unerupted status till the age of 18 years. The three impacted canines were surgically exposed, attachment bonded, traction given with ballista spring for vertical and labial movement, and ideally positioned with fixed orthodontic mechanotherapy...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Shweta S Jajoo
A rare case of birooted primary maxillary central incisor is reported. A 5-year-old male patient reported with carious maxillary primary anterior teeth. Radiographic examination incidentally revealed root bifurcation in primary maxillary central incisors bilaterally. This represents a rare finding. There are few cases that have reported birooted permanent incisors, but there is no case reported till date with birooted primary incisors. This report discusses the findings in the context of the available literature...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Paul Chalakkal, Amanda N Ferreira, Godwin C Da Costa, Meena A Aras
The conventional lingual arch is a nonfunctional fixed space maintainer used in the mandibular arch to maintain arch length by the prevention of mesial movement of the permanent first molars. This study highlights a functional lingual arch with a hinge-type lockable dentulous component that incorporates molar tubes, with various advantages over the conventional lingual arch. How to cite this article: Chalakkal P, Ferreira AN, Da Costa GC, Aras MA. Functional Lingual Arch with Hinge-type Lockable Dentulous Component...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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