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International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Siddhi Sinha, Prasanna Praveen, S Prathibha Rani, Athimuthu Anantharaj
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric disorder, characterized by extremely short attention span, impulsivity with resultant behavioral problems. They are prone to trauma and frequent dental injuries. The behavioral issues, cognitive deficits, and short attention span pose a challenge to the dental health team. Management of these children requires several modifications in approach at all levels of prevention and treatment. This study reviews all the pertinent oral health issues in these children and also presents the case report of a 14-year-old boy diagnosed with ADHD...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Mahima Gandhi, Sandeep Tandon, Meenakshi Sharma, Akshat Vijay
Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is an uncommon gingival disease of attached gingiva, which is manifested as localized or generalized form. The HGF inheritance is transmitted through both autosomal dominant and recessive modes. Here, we are discussing a rare case report of an 8-year-old child with gingival fibromatosis in mixed dentition, which caused damage to his speech, mastication, and esthetics and led to significant change in his facial profile. The patient noticed that the gingival enlargement was simultaneous with deciduous dentition eruption and gradually covered entire dentition...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Aman Moda, Rajesh Singla, Preeti M Agrawal
Trauma is a common cause of fractured teeth with exposed canals in growing children. These children use foreign bodies like stapler pin, lead pencil, nail, etc., to explore the canal of fractured tooth. Sometimes, these foreign objects may get stuck in the canal, which the children do not reveal to their parents because of fear. These foreign objects may act as a potential source of infection. We herewith present a case of a 12-year-old boy who presented with a stick lodged in the root canal of maxillary right lateral incisor along with the displaced fractured tooth segment at the apex and the associated management...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Penmatsa Chaitanya, Satyam Martha, Ramachandran Punithvathy, Madhusudhan Reddy
Most of the lesions in the oral cavity have papillary appearance. Oral squamous papilloma (SP) is one such type, which is a benign proliferation of the stratified squamous epithelium and presents as papillary or verrucous exophytic mass induced by human papillomavirus (HPV). Most of the oral mucosal lesions are often asymptomatic and have small progression. The common sites of occurrence include tongue, soft palate, and uvula. Squamous papilloma arising on hard palate is described in this article. Surgical excision of the lesion was done and sent for histopathological analyses that confirmed the clinical diagnosis...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Vinay K Chugh, Kushal K Sahu, Ankita Chugh
Introduction: Dental caries is one of the major widespread health issues that continue to negatively affect the oral health of children globally. Aim: To estimate the prevalence of dental caries and its risk factors among preschool children of Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. Materials and methods: The study was a community-based cross-sectional one among preschool children with (N = 425) participants recruited from the Anganwadi centers (AWCs) of Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sonali Halder, Rahul Kaul, Paras Angrish, Subrata Saha, Bhaswar Bhattacharya, Malay Mitra
Introduction: Childhood obesity, dental caries, and periodontal disease are major public health problems due to their adverse impact on the growth and development of children. Obesity and oral health are associated as both share some common risk factors. Aim: The specific aim of the study was to determine the correlation, if there is any, between obesity and oral health in children. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in five districts of West Bengal, India...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sahana Shivakumar, Adit Srivastava, Ganiga C Shivakumar
Introduction: This review was undertaken to analyze the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries with the available literature evidence. Materials and methods: The articles were searched from Medline/PubMed and Journal of Web published between 2005 and 2016. Results: Out of the 146 references obtained, 16 articles in English language were read in full, which fulfilled the inclusion criteria after assessing by Down and Black criteria...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Shashidhar Chandrashekhar, Jyothi S Bommangoudar
Autism is an intellectual developmental disorder characterized by insidious disability in communication, social interaction, and using language and abstract concepts. This organic disorder is known to have deformities in brain, i.e., cerebellum and limbic system, showing wide spectrum of systemic and behavioral symptoms. The oral health care of such patients can be complicated as they cannot verbalize complaints about any dental problems they may be experiencing and can display a variety of behaviors and reactions to small changes also...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Yogita Chaturvedi, Shefali Chaturvedy, Nikhil Marwah, Saurabh Chaturvedi, Swati Agarwal, Neha Agarwal
Aim: The anxiety of dental procedure evokes physiological response in the human body similar to fear. The level of cortisol and alpha-amylase in saliva can be considered as one of the major biomarkers of stress and anxiety. Our study was aimed to correlate the stress and anxiety with the levels of salivary cortisol (SC) and salivary alpha-amylase (SAA) in patients undergoing routine dental extraction. Materials and methods: The levels of SC and SAA were assessed pre- and postextraction in the salivary samples of 20 children...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Kanika S Dhull, Tulika Verma, Brahmananda Dutta
Aim: Oral habits during and beyond preschool age are one of the important etiological factors in developing malocclusion and other ill effects on orofacial structures. The objective of the present study was to know the prevalence of deleterious oral habits among 3- to 5-year-old preschool children in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among preschool children, in the age group of 3 to 5 years in the city of Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Ritika Malhotra, Kapil Gandhi, Dipanshu Kumar, Shilpa Ahuja, Rishabh Kapoor, Anchal Sahni
Aim: Parental presence often provides unique challenge in dental operatory and is directly related to the quality dental treatment. The present study was done to investigate parent's ability to assess dental anxiety of their 6- to 10-year-old child and to determine how parent's and children's fear assessments correlate with each other. Materials and methods: Prior to dental treatment, 94 child-parent combinations were included to complete Children's Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) questionnaire, and Frankl score was assigned to children during treatment by operator...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Anchal Chhonkar, Anil Gupta, Vishal Arya
Aim: To compare the levels of vitamin D in children with severe early childhood caries (SECC) and children without caries and to determine the association of vitamin D deficiency and SECC. Materials and methods: A total of 30 children each from case (with caries) and control group (without caries) of age between 3 and 6 years were selected from the Department of Pedo-dontics and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, SGT University, Gurugram. Caries status of the children was recorded using decayed, extracted, and filled teeth (deft) index...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Aparna Aggarwal, Keerthilatha M Pai
Aim: To study the prevalence of orofacial manifestations in leukemic children undergoing treatment and to correlate these manifestations with various stages of chemotherapy. Materials and methods: A prospective noninvasive study comprising 43 acute lymphocytic leukemic pediatric patients at various stages of therapy. They were examined on day of their each blood examination, and lesions were recorded on a self-designed pro forma. A total of 133 observations were recorded by a single observer...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Bianca Mello, Tassia C Stafuzza, Luciana Vitor, Daniela Rios, Thiago Silva, Maria Machado, Thais M Oliveira
Introduction: Although selective caries tissue removal decreases the number and diversity of bacteria, stops the caries process, and reduces the risk of pulp exposure, the studies on the minimally removal of caries tissue are limited and further clinical research is necessary in this field. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate through clinical and radiographic assessments the in vivo response of the dentin-pulp complex of human deciduous teeth after either partial or total caries removal (TCR)...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Anindita Sarma, Priya Nagar
Objectives: The objective of this in vitro study was to assess the surface hardness through Vickers hardness (VH) test of one conventional hybrid resin composites (Filtek Z350), compared with that of two bulk cure resin composites (SDR™, Tetric N Ceram®). Materials and methods: Twenty specimens of each material were prepared in cylindrical aluminum molds with an internal diameter of 5 mm and depth of 4 mm, 10 (incremental curing) and 10 (bulk curing).The surface of each specimen was covered with a transparent plastic matrix strip before light curing with conventional visible light for 40 seconds...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Ankit Pachori, Haalaswamy Kambalimath, Satish Maran, Babita Niranjan, Garima Bhambhani, Garima Malhotra
Introduction: Dissolution of the enamel in the form of erosion has increased due to shift in eating habits toward carbonated drinks like soft drink and chocolates. Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in the salivary pH after intake of different eatables and beverages in children at different time intervals. Study design: Using standard salivary tests, this study was conducted as a case-control study. Fifty children between ages of 8 and 12 years having strict vegetarian diet were included in the study...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Rupinder Bhatia, Esha C Vora, Anup Panda
Aim: To determine the frequency and reasons of missed and canceled pediatric dental appointments and identifying the factors associated with it among the patients visiting the pediatric dental clinic of the dental college in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. To assess the parents' perception regarding the treatment of their children and to explore the merit of different management strategies regarding the missed appointments. Materials and methods: Self-administered questionnaires were handed over to the parents in the waiting area, whose children were undergoing treatment in the pediatric dental clinic...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Binita Srivastava, Neorem N Devi, Nidhi Gupta, Rashi Singh
Introduction: The principal goal of dentistry is to maintain and improve the quality of life of the dental patients. As many of these objectives require the replacement or alterations of the existing tooth structure, the main challenge for centuries has been the development and selection of biocompatible materials that can withstand the unique conditions of the oral environment.Finite element analysis (FEA) is a modern technique of numerical stress analysis that has become a solution to the task of predicting failure due to unknown stresses by showing problem areas in a material and allowing designers to see all of theoretical stresses within...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sruthi Nair, Roopa R Nadig, Veena S Pai, Yashwanth Gowda
Aim: To evaluate the microtensile bond strength of teeth restored with packable composite after removing caries with three chemomechanical caries removal agents (Carisolv, Papacarie and Carie-care) and also to analyze its effect on chemical composition of dentin using energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. Design: A total of 40 carious molars with 1 to 1.5 mm of remaining dentin were selected and divided into four groups of 20 each. Group I (control)-bur, group II-Carisolv, group III-Papacarie, group IV-Carie-care...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Roli Gupta, Manish Madan, Parminder Dua, Sheeba Saini, Ritu Mangla, Trilok Kainthla, Akash Dupper
Aim: This study was aimed to evaluate effects of various beverages on microhardness of esthetic restorative materials. Materials and methods: A total of 160 disk-like specimens were prepared with 40 specimens each using nanocomposite resin, nano-ionomer, compomer, and conventional composite resin as experimental groups. Forty primary teeth were prepared and mounted in acrylic to be used as control group. Microhardness of the restorative materials was measured using Vickers microhardness tester at baseline and after immersion in various beverages...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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