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International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Hytham N Fageeh
Papillon-Lefèvre is an autosomal recessive syndrome that starts in early periods of childhood. Characteristic features include palmar plantar hyperkeratosis, aggressive periodontal disease, and a tendency for dry and chopped skin, thin and sparse hair. Patients show signs of premature tooth loss at the age of 2 to 4 years, which is then followed by the loss of permanent dentition during adolescence. The presence of both skin and oral lesions in this syndrome differentiates this unusual genodermatosis from other pathology of palmoplantar keratoderma (PPK)...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Madhusudhan R Madhireddy, A Jacod Prakash, Vijayalakshmi Mahanthi, K Venkata Chalapathi
Cyst with relatively high recurrence and having nature to invade the underlying tissue is "odontogenic keratocyst (OKC)." Radiographically, OKC can appear as different varieties, such as follicular, replacemental, extraneous, envelopmental, and collateral. Each radiographic variety of OKC varies in biological behavior, prognosis, recurrence, and therapeutic approaches. Many studies done till date have not established any relationship between markers of proliferation and aggressiveness in regard to radiographic varieties of OKC...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Tony Prud'homme, Elisabeth Roy, Assem Soueidan, Marc Fouassier, Sylvie Dajean-Trutaud, Zahi Badran
Localized aggressive periodontitis (LAP) in child involving primary dentition is a rare disease. The main characteristics of LAP are deep periodontal pockets, bone loss, tooth mobility, and, sometimes, spontaneous tooth loss. The LAP involves only some specific teeth. Glanzmann's thrombasthenia (GT) is a rare autosomal recessive bleeding disorder. The paper's aim is to present the case of a 5-year-old girl with GT presenting LAP, and discuss her clinical management. How to cite this article: Prud'homme T, Roy E, Soueidan A, Fouassier M, Dajean-Trutaud S, Badran Z...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Deepa Gurunathan, Joyson Moses, Shanmugaavel K Arunachalam
Introduction: Children depend on their parents and caretakers for maintenance of their oral health. Parents play a major role in both preventive and treatment regime in these children. This study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the influence of parental education on knowledge, attitude, and practice of mothers regarding oral health of primary schoolchildren in Chennai. Materials and methods: A 15-item self-administered questionnaire was used among 465 parents of preschool children in Chennai, of which 432 mothers returned the filled questionnaire...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Penmatsa Chaitanya, Jampanapalli S Reddy, Konda Suhasini, Inguva H Chandrika, Dalavai Praveen
Context: Eruption of teeth is influenced by various factors. Very few studies were carried out in the past on the eruption time of teeth in the Indian population. Aim: The aim of the study is to determine the time and sequence, gender differences, pattern of symmetry in the eruption of permanent teeth in Hyderabad children. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 1654 schoolchildren (806 girls and 848 boys) in the age group of 5 to 15 years from Hyderabad were examined for the status of eruption of permanent teeth...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Attiguppe Prabhakar, Manjunath Lokeshwari, Saraswathi V Naik, Chandrashekar Yavagal
Aim: To compare and evaluate morphological changes and bacterial deposits in primary carious molars after caries excavation with Carie-Care, erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser, and round tungsten carbide bur. Materials and methods: Thirty human carious primary molars extracted for therapeutic reasons were sectioned mesiodistally. These sectioned samples were allocated into three groups (20 samples each): group I: Carie Care, group II: Er:YAG laser, and group III: round tungsten carbide bur...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Elia Sfeir, Mona Gholmieh, Zouhair Skaf, Ayman Mourad
Aim: Two eruption surgical techniques are commonly described for the treatment of upper impacted central incisors (ICIs): Open and closed. Currently, the closed-eruption surgical technique (CEST) is the most commonly used, as it allows for the best esthetic and periodontal results.The aim of this study was to determine the effect of traction discontinuation on maxillary central incisor sulcal depth and alveolar bone ridge levels compared with contralateral incisors, when CEST is used...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Bhagyalakshmi Avinash, Basapura M Shivalinga, Somanthan Balasubramanian, Suma Shekar, Byalakere R Chandrashekar, Battalli S Avinash
Health is the extent of functional or metabolic regulation of a living body. Many researchers have shown that oral health is directly related to the systemic condition of a person. The various researches done has shown that there is an increase in need for orthodontic treatment in most of the countries. Hence judicious planning of providing orthodontic services on a population basis is necessary to appraise the requirement of resources and manoeuvre for providing such a service. How to cite this article: Avinash B, Shivalinga BM, Balasubramanian S, Shekar S, Chandrashekar BR, Avinash BS...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Bharathi Padiyar, Nikhil Marwah, Shweta Gupta, Narendra Padiyar
Aims and objectives: To determine and compare the effect of triphala, chlorhexidine gluconate, and garlic extract mouthwash on salivary Streptococcus mutans count and the oral hygiene status. Materials and methods: Sixty children aged 9 to 12 years were randomly allocated into the study groups of triphala mouthwash, chlorhexidine mouthwash, garlic extracts mouth-wash, and distilled water mouthwash. Examination included decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft)/decayed, missing, filled surface (dmfs) and DMFT/DMFS, plaque index, and S...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Marcello Maddalone, Elisa Rota, Ernesto Amosso, Gianluca Porcaro, Luca Mirabelli
Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surgical options for supernumerary teeth (SNT) in the premaxillary region of children. Materials and methods: A total of 69 patients with 82 partially or completely formed SNT in the anterior maxillary region were identified over a 3-year period. All selected patients were assessed for the number, location, and family history of SNT, damage to adjacent roots, and associated symptoms. The surgical approaches used for removal were recorded...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Veerakishore K Reddy, Naveen K Kommineni, Prathyusha Padakandla, Harshini Togaru, John P Indupalli, Swapna P Nanga
Aim: The goal of the study was to detect the presence of macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α and MIP-1β and to estimate their levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of children with Down syndrome. Materials and methods: MIP-1α and MIP-1β levels were estimated in GCF samples of 20 healthy and 20 Down syndrome individuals. Gingival status was assessed by measuring the gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI), clinical attachment level (CAL), and probing pocket depth (PPD)...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Harivinder R Konyala, Ajay R Mareddy, Niharika Puppala, N Venugopal Reddy, Manoj K Mallela, Keerthi P Susheela
Aim and objectives: Aim of the study was to evaluate the success of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) as pulpotomy medicament by clinical, radiologic, and histological assessment in primary molars. Materials and methods: The sample included 30 primary molars from 25 children aged between 3 and 9 years requiring pulpotomy treatment. Pulpotomy was carried out with MNPs. The teeth were evaluated after a period of 3, 6, and 12 months clinically and with the aid of radiographs...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Arun K Patnana, Vanga V Narasimha Rao, Srinivas K Chandrabhatla, Vabbala R Rajasekhar
Uncomplicated crown fractures are the most common form of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in children affecting their personal and social well-being. Aim: To evaluate the fracture resistance of fractured incisors restored with particulate filler composites, glass fiber-reinforced composites, and Polyethylene fiber-reinforced composite restorations. Materials and methods: Standardized incisal and mesio-incisal fractures with chamfer preparation were prepared on human maxillary central incisors...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Prasanna Kumar, Dempsy Cm Mandanna, Sanjay M Londhe, Mohit Sharma
Introduction: The study was conceived to formulate a tool to evaluate child perceptions related to oral health in 11- to 14-year-olds tailor-made for Indian children in Hindi. The original child perceptions questionnaire (CPQ11-14 ) was translated into Hindi and it was tested for validity and reliability. Materials and methods: The original CPQ11-14 was translated into Hindi and some questions were rephrased to suit the sociocultural situation in India. The domains of self-esteem and psychological well-being were added to the questionnaire to broaden the scope of parameters to thoroughly assess the impact on child perceptions toward oral health...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Shefally Garg, Munish Goel, Shweta Verma, Nanika Mahajan, Bhawna Kaul, Vikas Garg
Composites polymerized with a clear matrix on the surface will leave a resin-rich surface layer that is easily abraded in the oral environment, exposing unpolished, rough, inorganic filler material. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the polishing effect of two different polishing systems: One-step (PoGo) system and Sof-Lex (multistep) system on four different resin composites: Synergy D6, Clearfil APX Esthetics, Filtek Z 350 XT, Ceram X Mono. After polishing, the specimens were analyzed for average surface roughness using a two-dimensional surface profilometer...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sandeep Tandon, Garima Kalia, Meenakshi Sharma, Rinku Mathur, Khushboo Rathore, Mahima Gandhi
Introduction: Usually discomfort and pain are associated with dental work, especially for young patients. Pain control can be achieved by using anesthesia. Sight of injection can terrify any patient and if the patient is a child it is really difficult to convince them for injections. Alternatives to injections have been explored. Pediatric dentists are using anesthesia in the form of jelly and patch. Recently, the concept of mucosal vibration has been put forward to enhance the effectiveness of local anesthesia...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Siddhi Sinha, Prasanna Praveen, S Prathibha Rani, Athimuthu Anantharaj
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric disorder, characterized by extremely short attention span, impulsivity with resultant behavioral problems. They are prone to trauma and frequent dental injuries. The behavioral issues, cognitive deficits, and short attention span pose a challenge to the dental health team. Management of these children requires several modifications in approach at all levels of prevention and treatment. This study reviews all the pertinent oral health issues in these children and also presents the case report of a 14-year-old boy diagnosed with ADHD...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Mahima Gandhi, Sandeep Tandon, Meenakshi Sharma, Akshat Vijay
Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is an uncommon gingival disease of attached gingiva, which is manifested as localized or generalized form. The HGF inheritance is transmitted through both autosomal dominant and recessive modes. Here, we are discussing a rare case report of an 8-year-old child with gingival fibromatosis in mixed dentition, which caused damage to his speech, mastication, and esthetics and led to significant change in his facial profile. The patient noticed that the gingival enlargement was simultaneous with deciduous dentition eruption and gradually covered entire dentition...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Aman Moda, Rajesh Singla, Preeti M Agrawal
Trauma is a common cause of fractured teeth with exposed canals in growing children. These children use foreign bodies like stapler pin, lead pencil, nail, etc., to explore the canal of fractured tooth. Sometimes, these foreign objects may get stuck in the canal, which the children do not reveal to their parents because of fear. These foreign objects may act as a potential source of infection. We herewith present a case of a 12-year-old boy who presented with a stick lodged in the root canal of maxillary right lateral incisor along with the displaced fractured tooth segment at the apex and the associated management...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Penmatsa Chaitanya, Satyam Martha, Ramachandran Punithvathy, Madhusudhan Reddy
Most of the lesions in the oral cavity have papillary appearance. Oral squamous papilloma (SP) is one such type, which is a benign proliferation of the stratified squamous epithelium and presents as papillary or verrucous exophytic mass induced by human papillomavirus (HPV). Most of the oral mucosal lesions are often asymptomatic and have small progression. The common sites of occurrence include tongue, soft palate, and uvula. Squamous papilloma arising on hard palate is described in this article. Surgical excision of the lesion was done and sent for histopathological analyses that confirmed the clinical diagnosis...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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