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Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161930/electronic-referrals-and-digital-imaging-systems-in-ophthalmology-a-global-perspective
#1
V Swetha E Jeganathan, H Nikki Hall, Roshini Sanders
Ophthalmology departments face intensifying pressure to expedite sight-saving treatments and reduce the global burden of disease. The use of electronic communication systems, digital imaging, and redesigned service care models is imperative for addressing such demands. The recently developed Scottish Eyecare Integration Project involves an electronic referral system from community optometry to the hospital ophthalmology department using National Health Service (NHS) email with digital ophthalmic images attached, via a virtual private network connection...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161929/presumed-sterile-endophthalmitis-afer-intravitreal-triamcinolone-kenalog-more-common-and-less-benign-than-we-thought
#2
Angie H C Fong, Carmen K M Chan
PURPOSE: This study aimed to review the incidence and clinical outcome of presumed sterile endophthalmitis after the off-label use of intravitreal Kenalog injections (triamcinolone acetonide with 1.5% benzyl alcohol) and to compare it with the presumed sterile endophthalmitis incidence after intravitreal Kenacort-A (0.99% benzyl alcohol) at our center. DESIGN: This was a single-center, retrospective, consecutive, interventional case series of all patients who underwent intravitreal Kenalog injections at Hong Kong Eye Hospital from November 1, 2009, to July 31, 2012...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161928/two-port-pars-plana-anterior-and-central-core-vitrectomy-lam-floaterectomy-in-combination-with-phacoemulsification-and-intraocular-lens-implantation-under-topical-anesthesia-for-patients-with-cataract-and-significant-floaters-results-of-the-first-50-consecutive
#3
Dennis S C Lam, Hiu Ying Leung, Shu Liu, Nishant Radke, Ye Yuan, Vincent Y W Lee
PURPOSE: To study the safety and efficacy of 2-port pars plana anterior and central core vitrectomy (Lam floaterectomy) in combination with phacoemulsification (phaco) and intraocular lens implantation (IOL) for patients with cataract and significant floaters under topical anesthesia. DESIGN: Retrospective review of the first 50 consecutive cases. METHODS: A standardized treatment protocol was used for patients with cataract and significant (moderate to severe) floaters (duration > 3 months)...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161927/optimal-duration-for-the-use-of-0-5-levofloxacineye-drops-before-vitreoretinal-surgery
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Xiaoxin Li, Xiaoling Liang, Luosheng Tang, Junjun Zhang, Lijun Shen, Guanfang Su, Xiaorong Li
PURPOSE: To investigate various regimens of prophylactic antibiotic therapy for vitreoretinal surgery. DESIGN: This study compared different prophylactic therapies with 0.5% levofloxacin eye drops. METHODS: Two hundred nine patients from 7 hospitals scheduled to undergo vitreoretinal surgery were randomized into 3 groups to receive 0.5% levofloxacin eye drops for 1 day (6 times/d), 2 days (3 times/d), or 3 days (3 times/d) before surgery (groups 1D, 2D, and 3D, respectively)...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161926/epidemiology-of-open-globe-injuries-in-hong-kong
#5
Emmy Y Li, Tommy C Chan, Andrea T Liu, Hunter K Yuen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to review the epidemiology and clinical outcomes of open-globe injuries (OGIs) in Hong Kong over a 10-year period. DESIGN: Retrospective case-review. METHODS: This study included patients with OGI who presented to Hong Kong Eye Hospital and Queen Elizabeth Hospital from 1999 to 2008. Patient demographics, causes and mechanisms of injury, visual acuity (VA) at presentation, clinical features, and final VA were collected...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161925/the-use-of-microperimetry-to-detect-functional-progression-in-non-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Evan N Wong, Avenell L Chew, William H Morgan, Praveen J Patel, Fred K Chen
We reviewed the current literature on the ability of microperimetry to detect non-neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) disease progression. The index test was retinal sensitivity measurement assessed by microperimetry and comparators were other functional measures (best-corrected and low-luminance visual acuities, and fixation stability) and structural parameters [retinal thickness, choroidal thickness, and area of geographic atrophy (GA) determined by color fundus photographs, short-wave or near-infrared fundus autofluorescence]...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161924/practice-patterns-after-acute-embolic-retinal-artery-occlusion
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Anne S Abel, Sandip Suresh, Haitham M Hussein, Adam F Carpenter, Sandra R Montezuma, Michael S Lee
PURPOSE: To compare stroke evaluations recommended by retina special-ists and neurologists for retinal artery occlusion (RAO). DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. METHODS: An anonymous survey was emailed to members of the American Academy of Neurology Stroke Section listserv and vitreoretinal specialists registered with the American Academy of Ophthalmology. The survey was divided based on duration of symptoms before encounter: less than 12 hours, 24-48 hours, and more than 1 week...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161923/preventing-long-term-ocular-complications-of-trachoma-with-topical-azithromycin-a-3-year-follow-up-study
#8
Tayyab Afghani, Hassan Mansoor, Mohammad Nadeem
PURPOSE: To determine the role of a single cycle of topical azithromycin in preventing long-term trachoma complications in children from an area with endemic trachoma. DESIGN: A longitudinal cohort study. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-eight (n = 238) children with active trachoma were enrolled in the current study. They were aged 1 to 10 years, with trachomatous inflammation based on the simplified World Health Organization grading system. These children were identified out of a survey of 8600 children from 7 villages in Punjab, Pakistan, where trachoma was endemic...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161922/a-prospective-evaluation-of-posterior-capsule-opacification-in-eyes-with-posterior-capsule-plaque-a-case-control-study
#9
Abhay R Vasavada, Mamidipudi R Praveen, Gauri D Shah, Kaid Johar, Rajkumar Sankaranarayanan
PURPOSE: To compare the development of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) between eyes with and without posterior capsule plaque after single-piece hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) implantation 5 years postoperatively. DESIGN: A prospective observational case-control study. METHODS: One hundred one consecutive eyes with posterior capsule plaque (cases) were compared with the same number of cataractous eyes without posterior capsule plaque (controls)...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161921/prevalence-of-steroid-induced-cataract-and-glaucoma-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#10
Tirupati Nath, Subham Sinha Roy, Himanshu Kumar, Rachit Agrawal, Santosh Kumar, S K Satsangi
PURPOSE: Exposure to corticosteroids is known to be associated with an increased risk of cataract and glaucoma. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of steroid-induced cataract and glaucoma in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to assess a dose-response relationship between them. DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study. METHODS: We identified all COPD patients aged 50 years or older, with minimum steroid exposure of 4 months and on inhaled corticosteroids from March 2014 to March 2015...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161920/past-present-and-future-concepts-of-the-choroidal-scleral-interface-morphology-on-optical-coherence-tomography
#11
REVIEW
Emily Huynh, Erandi Chandrasekera, Danuta Bukowska, Samuel McLenachan, David A Mackey, Fred K Chen
The choroid is the most vascular tissue in the eye and it has been implicated in the pathophysiology of a variety of ocular diseases. A new era of research in the choroid began with the improved ability to visualize this layer and its inner and outer boundaries using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) with enhanced depth imaging and swept source OCT. The accuracy and precision of qualitative and quan-titative assessments of the choroidal layer support the potential use of OCT-derived choroidal parameters for diagnosis, monitoring of disease progression, planning surgical access, and evaluating treatment response...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161919/cysts-of-the-iris-pigment-epithelium-what-is-new-and-interesting-the-2016-jose-rizal-international-medal-lecture
#12
REVIEW
Jerry A Shields, Carol L Shields
PURPOSE: Cysts of the iris pigment epithelium (IPE) can involve the pupillary margin, midzone, or peripheral location or can be free-floating in the aqueous or vitreous or lodged in the anterior chamber angle. Avariant of IPE cyst, known as iris flocculi, can be a marker for systemic thoracic aneurysm. DESIGN: Review of IPE cysts and description of new observations of the lesions. METHODS: Review of IPE cysts. RESULTS: Lesions in 672 eyes were classified as of the pupillary margin (n = 49; 7%), midzone (n = 188; 28%), peripheral (n = 424; 63%), or dislodged/free-floating (n = 11; 2%)...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161918/bowled-over-by-cricket-impact-of-tape-ball-injuries-on-the-eyes
#13
Salman Naveed Sadiq, Azam Ali, Bushra Usmani, Khabir Ahmad
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe the type and severity of tape-ball cricket-related eye injuries seen at a tertiary care hospital. DESIGN: A descriptive case series. METHODS: This study included all cases of tape-ball cricket-related eye injuries presenting to the Section of Ophthalmology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January 2014 to January 2015. RESULTS: A total of 20 patients with tape-ball cricket-related eye injuries were treated during this period...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161917/enhancing-medical-student-education-by-implementing-a-competency-based-ophthalmology-curriculum
#14
Tony Succar, Peter McCluskey, John Grigg
PURPOSE: To evaluate innovative educational strategies that help optimize ophthalmology teaching in a crowded medical curriculum. The knowledge acquisition and perceptions of medical students undertaking the revised competency-based curriculum were compared with the prior content-based curriculum within the Sydney Medical Program. DESIGN: A mixed-methods research design was employed to include both quantitative and qualitative dimensions in evaluating the revised curriculum with medical students (n = 328) undergoing their ophthalmology rotation...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161916/the-pathway-from-genes-to-gene-therapy-in-glaucoma-a-review-of-possibilities-for-using-genes-as-glaucoma-drugs
#15
REVIEW
Teresa BorrĂ¡s
Treatment of diseases with gene therapy is advancing rapidly. The use of gene therapy has expanded from the original concept of re-placing the mutated gene causing the disease to the use of genes to con-trol nonphysiological levels of expression or to modify pathways known to affect the disease. Genes offer numerous advantages over conventional drugs. They have longer duration of action and are more specific. Genes can be delivered to the target site by naked DNA, cells, nonviral, and viral vectors. The enormous progress of the past decade in molecular bi-ology and delivery systems has provided ways for targeting genes to the intended cell/tissue and safe, long-term vectors...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161915/assessing-precision-of-hodapp-parrish-anderson-criteria-for-staging-early-glaucomatous-damage-in-an-ocular-hypertension-cohort-a-retrospective-study
#16
Tutul Chakravarti
PURPOSE: The aims of the study were (1) to stage early glaucomatous field defects following Hodapp-Parrish-Anderson (HPA) criteria in an ocular hypertension (OH) cohort with 7-year follow-up and (2) to recognize the limitation(s) of this staging system. DESIGN: A retrospective review of subjects with OH. METHODS: A retrospective review of the visual fields of 183 OH subjects was conducted. A Humphrey Field Analyzer was used for standard automated perimetry in all these participants, tested once every half year for 7 years or until the onset of conversion (study end point)...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161914/electronic-referral-a-better-way-to-connect
#17
EDITORIAL
Wei Xiao, Mingguang He
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161913/author-s-reply
#18
LETTER
Rajeev Reddy Pappuru, Vivek Dave
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161912/post-vitrectomy-endophthalmitis-in-victoria-australia
#19
LETTER
Aman Chandra, Jonathan Smith, Bob Z Wang, Emil Kurniawan, Jonathan Kam, Sukhpal Singh Sandhu, Penelope J Allen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898450/update-on-treating-high-myopia-with-implantable-collamer-lenses
#20
REVIEW
Xiaoying Wang, Xingtao Zhou
The purpose of this article is to provide updates on the treatment of high myopia with the implantable collamer lens (ICL). The ICL has become an important technique used in intraocular refractive surgery. With improvements in material, design, and application, the ICL has good efficacy, predictability, long-term safety and stability, manageable complications, and reversibility. More and more refractive surgeons are taking note of the ICL. This article reviews the material characteristics and the latest designs of the ICL along with the clinical applications, visual quality, and future development...
November 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
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