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Balkan Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219113/diagnostic-role-of-microrna-expression-profile-in-the-prenatal-amniotic-fluid-samples-of-pregnant-women-with-down-syndrome
#1
Emin Karaca, Ayça Aykut, Biray Ertürk, Burak Durmaz, Ahmet Güler, Barış Büke, Ahmet Özgür Yeniel, Ahmet Mete Ergenoğlu, Ferda Özkınay, Mehmet Özeren, Mert Kazandı, Fuat Akercan, Sermet Sağol, Cumhur Gündüz, Özgür Çoğulu
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal anomaly in humans. Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal anomaly in humans affecting people from every race and age. Most of the cases are can be diagnosed by prenatal diagnostic methods in pregnancy. Due to the longtime of culture method applied for prenatal diagnosis, genetic analysis has been developed and developing for rapid diagnosis. For this reason, the effective use of miRNAs was investigated in the rapid analysis of prenatal samples with Down syndrome...
December 8, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219112/haploinsufficiency-of-dmrt-gene-cluster-in-a-case-with-46-xy-ovotesticular-disorder-of-sexual-development
#2
Metin Eser, Akif Ayaz
BACKGROUND: Ovotesticular disorder is characterized by the presence of testicular tissue and ovarian tissue in the same individual. Single gen mutations such as SRY, SOX9, DMRT1 and DAX1 can lead to ovotesticular disorder of sexual development. CASE REPORT: Herein, we reported a 3 month-old phenotypically female detected tissues differentiated both Mullerian duct and Wolffian ducts on pathological analysis of laparoscopic biopsy material. In our case observed 46,XY,der(9)t(3;9)(p25;p24) on chromosomal analysis were detected deletion of 9p24...
December 8, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219111/uterine-mass-and-menorrhagia-a-rare-presentation-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-with-arduous-clinical-course
#3
Kundan Mishra, Chandrasekaran Muralidaran, Aditya Jandial, B R Mittal, Subhash Varma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188783/the-recent-emergence-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-romanian-hospitals-is-associated-with-a-high-prevalence-of-polymerase-chain-reaction-ribotype-027
#4
Gabriel Adrian Popescu, Roxana Serban, Adriana Pistol, Andreea Niculcea, Andreea Preda, Daniela Lemeni, Ioana Sabina Macovei, Daniela Tălăpan, Alexandru Rafila, Dragoş Florea
AIMS: To evaluate the epidemiology of Clostridium difficile infection in several Romanian hospitals. METHODS: A survey was conducted from November 2013 to February 2014 in 9 hospitals selected from different Romanian regions. RESULT: The survey identified 393 patients with C. difficile infection. The median age was 67 years (range: 2-94 years) with 56% of patients older than 65 years. The mean C. difficile infection prevalence was 5.2 per 10...
November 30, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180343/m%C3%A3-llerian-cyst-in-posterior-mediastinum-in-a-young-woman
#5
Jung Eun Lee, Yoon Ki Cha, Jeung Sook Kim, Jin Ho Choi, Kang Min Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148427/urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-bladder-in-pediatric-patient-four-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Murat Uçar, Metin Demirkaya, Berna Aytaç Vuruşkan, Emin Balkan, Nizamettin Kılıç
BACKGROUND: Urothelial carcinoma (UC) of bladder is a rare condition in children. Majority of the cases are non-invasive and low grade in this age group. However, there is no follow-up protocol defined for this patient group. The objective of this study is to draw attention to childhood bladder tumors and focus on current recommendations for postoperative follow-up together with our experience with four cases. CASE REPORT: A total of 4 cases aged under the age of 18, who were treated in our clinics between 2001 and 2015 with the diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma were retrospectively evaluated...
November 17, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111506/increasing-the-impact-factor-in-the-ethical-way
#7
Cem Uzun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072181/primary-clear-cell-sarcoma-of-the-dermis-mimicking-malignant-melanoma
#8
Ifeyinwa E Obiorah, Pauline Brenholz, Metin Özdemirli
BACKGROUND: Clear cell sarcoma is a rare malignant soft tissue neoplasm that typically involves tendons and aponeurosis. Clear cell sarcoma occurring in the dermis is an extremely rare occurrence. It is difficult to differentiate between this neoplasm and dermal malignant melanoma because they both have similar morphologic and immunohistochemical features. Although rare, clear cell sarcoma of the skin typically occur in the extremities. To our knowledge, there are no reported cases of primary clear cell sarcoma of the skin occurring in the neck...
October 26, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072179/the-role-of-chronobiology-as-transdisciplinary-field-of-research-application-to-psychiatry
#9
Okan Çalıyurt
Chronobiology is a field that studies the effects of time on biological systems. Periodicity is of particular interest. The master biological clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus controls daily rhythms of core body temperature, rest-activity cycle, physiological and behavioral functions, psychomotor functions and mood in humans. The clock genes are involved in the generation of the circadian rhythms and the biological clock is synchronized to solar day by direct photic inputs. Various circadian rhythm abnormalities have been demonstrated in mood disorders such as unipolar depression, bipolar depression and seasonal affective disorder...
October 26, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072177/effects-of-intradermal-sterile-water-injections-in-women-with-low-back-pain-in-labor-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Refika Genç Koyucu, Nurdan Demirci, Ayşe Ender Yumru, Süleyman Salman, Yavuz Tahsin Ayanoğlu, Yıldız Tosun, Cihangir Tayfur
BACKGROUND: In addition to pain caused by uterine contractions in labor, continuous and severe back pain is observed in 33% of women. Several pharmacological and nonpharmacological methods are available for managing this pain. Sterile water injection is considered to be an alternative method for nonpharmacological management. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the satisfaction level and effectiveness of sterile water injection for back pain among women in labor...
October 26, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072176/premature-coronary-artery-disease-due-to-homozygous-familial-hypercholesterolemia-in-a-12-year-old-girl
#11
Filiz Ekici, Salih Özçobanoğlu, Fırat Kardelen
BACKGROUND: Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) is a rare inherited metabolic disease, caused by low-density lipoprotein receptor abnormality. Patients with HoFH have an increased risk for cardiovascular complication (CVC) that usually occurs in the first decade of life. We report a twelve years-old girl with unpredicted presentation for coronary artery disease (CAD) and she was found to have HoFH. CASE REPORT: A 12 years old girl was admitted to our unit with syncope...
October 26, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215344/a-new-laparoscopic-manoeuvre-in-median-arcuate-ligament-syndrome
#12
Selçuk Gülmez, Ulaş Aday, Aziz Serkan Senger, Ebubekir Gündeş
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215343/bladder-preservation-with-primary-closure-in-an-adolescent-girl-with-bladder-exstrophy
#13
Yılmaz Aslan, Altuğ Tuncel, Ersin Köseoğlu, Çağdaş Şenel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215342/pediatric-intranasal-lobular-capillary-hemangioma-a-rare-clinical-entity
#14
Uğur Yıldırım, Rıfat Karlı, Seda Gün
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215341/a-rare-complication-of-phenytoin-infusion-in-newborn-purple-glove-syndrome
#15
Dilek Ulubaş Işık, Nihal Demirel, Sara Erol, Sezin Ünal, Ahmet Yağmur Baş
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215340/a-report-of-brugada-syndrome-presenting-with-cardiac-arrest-triggered-by-verapamil-intoxication
#16
Kahraman Yakut, İlkay Erdoğan, Birgül Varan, İlyas Atar
BACKGROUND: Brugada syndrome is a disease characterized by a specific electrocardiographic pattern and an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. We present this case with the updated literature to emphasise the need to consider the diagnosis of Brugada syndrome in patients admitted to the emergency ward with sudden cardiac arrest. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old female patient was admitted to the emergency ward with complaints of weakness and abdominal pain, and she had four cardiac arrests during her evaluation period...
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215339/the-association-of-congenital-urethral-duplication-and-double-megalourethra
#17
Murat Uçar, Ahsen Karagözlü Akgül, Nizamettin Kılıç, Emin Balkan
BACKGROUND: Urethral duplication and megalourethra are rare urethral anomalies. However, the concomitance of urethral duplication and double megalourethra has not been reported previously. CASE REPORT: A newborn was presented with penile swelling during voiding. Physical examination revealed a retractable foreskin and two external meatus of a double urethra. Retrograde urethrography demonstrated two complete megalourethras. Urethro-urethrostomy and urethroplasty were performed when the patient was 10 months old...
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215338/evaluation-of-antimicrobial-durability-and-anti-biofilm-effects-in-urinary-catheters-against-enterococcus-faecalis-clinical-isolates-and-reference-strains
#18
Didem Kart, Ayşe Semra Kustimur, Meral Sağıroğlu, Ayşe Kalkancı
BACKGROUND: Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans biofilms are major causes of catheter-associated urinary tract infections. Antimicrobial-coated or impregnated urinary catheters are seen as a possible way to prevent these infections. AIMS: To determine the biofilm-forming ability of 89 E. faecalis isolates from urinary tract infections and to compare several urinary catheters for antimicrobial durability and the inhibitory effects on biofilm formation of different laboratory strains and clinical isolates of E...
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215337/adherence-to-nucleoside-nucleotide-analogue-treatment-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#19
Emin Ediz Tütüncü, Rahmet Güner, Yunus Gürbüz, Ayşe Kaya Kalem, Barış Öztürk, İmran Hasanoğlu, İrfan Şencan, Mehmet A Taşyaran
BACKGROUND: Adherence to medication is an important aspect of preventing drug resistance and treatment failure in patients receiving nucleos(t)ide analogues for chronic hepatitis B. AIMS: To assess adherence to nucleoside/nucleotide analogues in chronic hepatitis B treatment and to determine factors associated with non-adherence. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: The study enrolled 85 chronic hepatitis B patients who had been receiving nucleoside/nucleotide analogues for ≥3 months...
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215336/caffeine-increases-apolipoprotein-a-1-and-paraoxonase-1-but-not-paraoxonase-3-protein-levels-in-human-derived-liver-hepg2-cells
#20
Gülben Sayılan Özgün, Eray Özgün, Kıymet Tabakçıoğlu, Selma Süer Gökmen, Sevgi Eskiocak, Erol Çakır
BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein A-1, paraoxonase-1 and paraoxonase-3 are antioxidant and anti-atherosclerotic structural high-density lipoprotein proteins that are mainly synthesized by the liver. No study has ever been performed to specifically examine the effects of caffeine on paraoxonase enzymes and on liver apolipoprotein A-1 protein levels. AIMS: To investigate the dose-dependent effects of caffeine on liver apolipoprotein A-1, paraoxonase-1 and paraoxonase-3 protein levels...
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
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