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Balkan Medical Journal

Cristine Ding, Tarik Tihan
Pilocytic and Pilomyxoid Astrocytomas constitute one of the most common gliomas in children and young adults, and are considered indolent neoplasms with long overall survival probability. The genetic characteristics of these neoplasms have been well characterized, and the deeper understanding of molecular alterations has led to novel treatment strategies and approaches. Currently, we can account for some of the unusual behavior of these neoplasms such as oncogene-induced senescence and associated spontaneous regression, anaplastic transformation and cerebrospinal dissemination...
July 9, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Özlem Ediboğlu, Cenk Kıraklı
BACKGROUND: Prognostic value of nT-proBNP levels in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has not been fully established. AIMS: We aimed to investigate the predictive value of nT-proBNP levels in terms of mortality, the need for noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV), invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) and weaning success in this study. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. METHODS: Patients who were admitted to ICU between December 2015 and December 2016 due to acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) were included into the study...
July 3, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Şükrü Güngör, Fatma İlknur Varol, Ramazan Kutlu, Sezai Yılmaz, Mukadder Ayşe Selimoğlu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Şeniz Öngören, Ayşe Salihoğlu, Tuğçe Apaydın, Sevil Sadri, Ahmet Emre Eşkazan, Muhlis Cem Ar, Tuğrul Elverdi, Zafer Başlar, Yıldız Aydın, Teoman Soysal
BACKGROUND: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a potentially life-threatening condition. Although introduction of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) has reduced mortality rates from over 90% to 10-20%, approximately 40% of patients relapse and refractory patients might have fatal outcomes. There is clearly a need for additional therapeutic approaches. The anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab has been reported to result in high response rates. Vincristine (VCR) might offer a considerable alternative...
July 3, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Fuat Bilgili, Yavuz Sağlam, Süleyman Bora Göksan, Önder Murat Hürmeydan, Fevzi Birişik, Mehmet Demirel
BACKGROUND: The rate of spontaneous normalization in type IIa hip is reported to be high, whereas in 5-10%, dysplasia persists or worsens. We aimed to evaluate the natural course of type IIa hips by using Graf's own perspective of physiological immaturity and maturational deficit. AIMS: To evaluate the natural course of type IIa hips by using Graf's own perspective of physiological immaturity and maturational deficit. STUDY DESIGN: A single centre, retrospective cohort study...
July 3, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Ivana Kavecan, Milan Obrenovic, Jadranka Jovanovic Privrodski, Boris Privrodski, Mihajlo Jeckovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Emre Ocak, Rebecca S Eshraghi, Ali Danesh, Rahul Mittal, Adrien A Eshraghi
The etiology and underlying pathogenetic mechanisms in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are still largely unknown. In this manuscript, a comprehensive review of the studies which are relevant to ASD and CAPD is conducted and the relationship of ASD and central auditory processing disorders (CAPD) is discussed in the light of recent studies on this subject that may provide new paths in the therapeutical perspective. Many studies confirm that most of the individuals with ASD have some degree of sensory dysfunction related to disorders of processing auditory, visual, vestibular and/or tactile stimuli...
June 28, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Yiğit Akın, Matthew Young, Muhammad Elmussareh, Nickolaus Charalampogiannis, Ali Serdar Gözen
Pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) is a clinical entity that is predominantly common in females. Determining the exact underlying cause of PFD can be difficult, and making surgical intervention may be challenging. The PFD can affect the quality of life of the patient by causingstress urinary incontinence (SUI), pelvic organ prolapse (POP) or a combination of both. There are well-defined surgical treatment options for PFD, with minimally invasive approaches and novel techniques are recently being introduced. We here evaluated management options in patients presenting with SUI and POP focussing on novel and minimally invasive treatment modalities and their implications on future uro-gynaecological practice...
June 28, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Amr Ahmed El-Arabey, Salama Abdu Salama, Adel Rashad Abd-Allah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Feng Mei, Yanfeng Wu, Jin Wu
BACKGROUND: Insomnia often coexists with depression, and there is compelling evidence for a genetic component in the etiologies of both disorders. AIMS: We genotyped an exonic variant, rs4290270, in tryptophan hydroxylase-2 (TPH-2) gene to investigate its association with primary insomnia in Han Chinese, and further with depression symptoms in patients with primary insomnia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study included 152 patients with primary insomnia and 164 age- and gender-matched normal controls...
June 28, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Onur Argan, Dilek Ural, Serdar Bozyel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Chryssoula Staikou, Alexandros Μakris, Kassiani Theodoraki, Athanasia Τsaroucha, Amalia Doumax, Eleni Μoka, Eleni Αrnaoutoglou, Tilemahos Paraskevopoulos, Ioanna Siafaka, Efi Stavropoulou, Eriphili Αrgyra
Aims: The aim of this nationwide descriptive survey was to assess the use of regional anesthesia in obstetrics in Greek public hospitals. Methods: The survey was conducted between March and August, 2016. A structured questionnaire was sent to 50 Anesthesia Departments in Greek Public Hospitals with obstetric units. Results: The response rate was 94%. Data corresponded to 9475 cesarean and 8155 vaginal deliveries. Regional anesthesia was used in 69...
June 19, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Muhammed Şeref Yıldırım, Filiz Tuna, Derya Demirbağ Kabayel, Necdet Süt
Background: Decreased hamstring flexibility is associated with many pathological conditions. For this reason, hamstrings are one of the most frequently evaluated muscle groups for flexibility in the lower extremity. Muscle flexibility is evaluated indirectly by measuring adjacent joint range of motion. Passive and active knee extension angle values are used as an indirect indicator of hamstring flexibility. But the results of the active knee extension test are claimed to be influenced by subject’s quadriceps strength...
June 19, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Arif Kalkanlı, Cem Tuğrul Gezmiş, Arif Özkan, Nusret Can Çilesiz, Fatih Yanaral, Memduh Aydın, Zafer Tandoğdu
BACKGROUND: The ideal prophylaxis duration for transrectal ultrasonography guided prostate biopsy (TRUS-bx) is not well defined. AIMS: In our study we aim to compare the infectious complications of TRUS-bx with and without extended antibiotic prophylaxis. The secondary aim was to evaluate risk factors for infectious complications. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. METHODS: In our study, 400 patients who underwent TRUS-bx were recruited...
June 5, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Fatih Horozoğlu, Özkan Sever
BACKGROUND: Intravitreal steroid injection is one of the treatment choices in diabetic macular edema (DME). Dexamethasone (Dx) implant is the most novel form of intravitreal steroid therapy. Macular thickness improvement is well known effect of Dx implant however; subfoveal choroidal coat thickness (SFCT) changes need to be investigated. AIMS: To evaluate the early central macular thickness (CMT) and SFCT alterations after single dose dexamethasone implant injection in DME...
June 5, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Ifeyinwa Emmanuela Obiorah, Alicia Henao Velasquez, Metin Özdemirli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Long-Zhi Zheng, Wei Lin, Jian Guo, Si-Zeng Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Veysel Alcan, Murat Zinnuroğlu, Gülçin Kaymak Karataş, Elliot Bodofsky
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is based on clinical symptoms, examination findings, and electrodiagnostic studies (EDX). For CTS, the most useful part is nerve conduction studies (NCSs). However, NCS can result in ambiguous or false negative results, particularly for mild CTS. Increasing the number of NCS tests improves accuracy, but also increases time, cost, and discomfort. To improve accuracy without additional testing, the Terminal Latency index (TLI) and Residual Latency (RL) are additional calculations using the minimum number of tests...
June 1, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Erkan Karataş, Yüksel Toplu, Emrah Gündüz, İsmail Demir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Ercan Yenilmez, Rıza Aytaç Çetinkaya, Ersin Tural
BACKGROUND: The most important difficulties about management of hepatitis B are still determining the liver damage and the right time to start antiviral therapy. AIMS: To reveal the role of hepatitis B virus DNA threshold level for prediction of liver fibrosis and inflammation in young-aged hepatitis B e antigen negative chronic hepatitis B patients. STUDY DESIGN: Diagnostic accuracy study. METHODS: A total of 273 hepatitis B e antigen negative young chronic hepatitis B patients with any hepatitis B virus DNA levels between 2008 and 2016, who had liver biopsy after at least 6 months follow up period, enrolled in this retrospective study...
May 4, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
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