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Balkan Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903890/human-parasitic-diseases-in-bulgaria-2013-2014
#1
Iskra Rainova, Rumen Harizanov, Iskren Kaftandjiev, Nina Tsvetkova, Ognyan Mikov, Eleonora Kaneva
BACKGROUND: In Bulgaria, more than 20 autochthonous human parasitic infections have been described and some of them are widespread. Over 50 imported protozoan and helminthic infections represent diagnostic and therapeutic challenge and pose epidemiological risk due to the possibility of local transmission. AIMS: To establish the distribution of autochthonous and imported parasitic diseases among the population of the country and to evaluate their significance for the public health system...
September 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903889/gdf9-and-bmp15-expressions-and-fine-structure-changes-during-folliculogenesis-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#2
Meryem İlkay Karagül, Savaş Aktaş, Banu Coşkun Yılmaz, Mustafa Yılmaz, Gülhan Örekiçi Temel
BACKGROUND: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is the most frequently seen endocrine disorder in women of the reproductive age with the prevalence of about 10%. AIMS: To investigate the efficiency of the growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) during folliculogenesis in a dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)-induced mouse PCOS model. STUDY DESIGN: Animal experimentation. METHODS: Mice were divided into three groups; control, vehicle and PCOS group...
September 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903888/serum-angiogenic-and-anti-angiogenic-markers-in-pregnant-women-with-placenta-percreta
#3
Hacer Uyanıkoğlu, Adnan İncebıyık, Ahmet B Turp, Güler Çakmak, Sibel Sak, Neşe G Hilali
BACKGROUNDS: Placenta percreta (PP) is the morbidly adherent form of placental invasion abnormalities. The pathology that underlies the PP is poorly understood. AIMS: To compare the levels of circulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), placental growth factor (PlGF), and soluble fms like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) in pregnant women with PP and control group. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Twenty two women who underwent cesarean section (CS) due to PP and 22 women who underwent CS for other obstetric reasons were included in this study...
September 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903887/seasonal-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-in-preventing-laboratory-confirmed-influenza-in-2014-2015-season-in-turkey-a-test-negative-case-control-study
#4
Can Hüseyin Hekimoğlu, Mestan Emek, Emine Avcı, Selmur Topal, Mustafa Demiröz, Gül Ergör
BACKGROUND: Influenza has an important public health impact worldwide with its considerable annual morbidity among persons with or without risk factors and with its serious complications among persons in high-risk groups. Seasonal influenza vaccine is essential for preventing the burden of influenza in a population. Since the vaccine is reformulated each season according to the virus serotypes in circulation, its effectiveness can vary from season to season. Vaccine effectiveness is defined as relative risk reduction in vaccinated individuals in observational studies...
September 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903886/patient-privacy-in-the-era-of-big-data
#5
Mehmet Kayaalp
Privacy was defined as a fundamental human right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights at the 1948 United Nations General Assembly. However, there is still no consensus on what constitutes privacy. In this review, we look at the evolution of privacy as a concept from the era of Hippocrates to the era of social media and big data. To appreciate the modern measures of patient privacy protection and correctly interpret the current regulatory framework in the United States, we need to analyze and understand the concepts of individually identifiable information, individually identifiable health information, protected health information (PHI), and de-identification...
September 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903885/the-effects-of-baicalin-on-myoglobinuric-acute-renal-failure-in-rats
#6
Özlem Yalçınkaya Yavuz, Nurettin Aydoğdu, Ebru Taştekin, Necdet Süt
BACKGROUND: Myoglobinuric acute kidney injury (MAKI) is a uremic syndrome which develops due to damage of skeletal muscle. It was demonstrated that free radicals and nitric oxide play an important role in pathogenesis of MAKI. Baicalin has multiple bioactivities including antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties, as it is a potent free radical scavenger. AIMS: In this study, we aimed to investigte the nephroprotective mechanism of Baicalin on MAKI...
September 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903884/successful-outcome-of-severe-intra-cerebral-bleeding-associated-with-acquired-factor-v-inhibition-utilization-of-multiple-therapeutic-agents
#7
Panagiotis Andreadis, Katerina Kafantari, Aleka Agapidou, Sofia Vakalopoulou, Efthymia Vlachaki
BACKGROUND: Acquired coagulation Factor inhibitors are antibodies that either inhibit the activity or increase the clearance of a clotting factor leading to an increased risk of bleeding. Most of the times, the disorder is attributed to Factor VIII inhibition (Acquired Hemophilia A), however other coagulation factors could also be implicated. CASE REPORT: We herein would like to report an interesting case of a patient who underwent Coronary Artery Bypass Graft and received antibiotic treatment after surgery with a third-generation cephalosporin...
September 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840850/classification-and-current-management-of-inner-ear-malformations
#8
Levent Sennaroğlu, Münir Demir Bajin
Morphologically congenital sensorineural hearing loss can be investigated under two categories. Majority of the congenital hearing loss (80%) are membranous malformations. Here the pathology involves inner ear hair cells. There is no gross bony abnormality and therefore, in these cases, high resolution computerized tomography and MRI of the temporal bone reveal normal findings. Remaining 20% have various malformations involving the bony labyrinth and therefore, can be radiologically demonstrated by CT and MRI...
August 25, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840847/myxoma-of-the-ovary
#9
Recep Bedir, Rukiye Yılmaz, Ahmet Salih Calapoğlu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840846/tumour-necrosis-factor-alpha-and-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-gene-variants-in-sepsis
#10
Leyla Acar, Nazan Atalan, E Hande Karagedik, Arzu Ergen
BACKGROUND: Humoral system is activated and various cytokines are released due to infections in tissues and traumatic damage. NF-kB dimers are encoded by NF-kB genes and regulate transcription of several crucial proteins of inflammation such as tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα). AIMS: To investigate the possible effect of polymorphisms on TNFα serum levels with clinical and prognostic parameters of sepsis by determining the NF-kB1 -94 ins/del ATTG and TNFα (-308 G/A) gene polymorphisms and TNFα serum levels...
August 25, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840845/the-value-of-preoperative-volumetric-analysis-by-computerized-tomography-of-retrosternal-goiter-to-predict-the-need-for-an-extracervical-approach
#11
İsmail Cem Sormaz, Derya S Uymaz, Ahmet Y İşcan, İlker Özgür, Artur Salmaslıoğlu, Fatih Tunca, Yasemin G Şenyürek, Tarik Terzioğlu
BACKGROUND: Thyroidectomy can be performed via a cervical incision in most patients with retrosternal goiter. AIMS: To investigate the correlation between the volume of the mediastinal portion of the thyroid gland and the need for an extra-cervical approach for retrosternal goiter. STUDY DESIGN: Diagnostic accuracy study. METHODS: The measurement of craniocaudal length and the volume of the mediastinal component of the thyroid gland on computerized tomography images was performed in 47 patients with retrosternal goiter...
August 25, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832325/the-change-of-perinatal-mortality-in-three-decades-in-a-reference-center-in-aegean-region-neonatal-mortality-has-decreased-but-fetal-mortality-stayed-unchanged
#12
Nilgün Kültürsay, Niyazi Aşkar, Demet Terek, Ahmet Özgür Yeniel, Özge Altun Köroğlu, Mehmet Yalaz, Ferda Özkınay, Mete Akisu
BACKGROUND: Perinatal, fetal and neonatal mortality statistics are important to show the development of health care system in a country. However in our country there are very few national and regional data about the changing pattern of perinatal neonatal mortality along with the development of new technologies in this area. AIMS: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the changes in mortality rates and the causes of perinatal and neonatal deaths within years in a perinatal reference center which serves to a high risk population...
August 23, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832324/the-morphological-anatomy-of-the-menisci-of-the-knee-joint-in-human-fetuses
#13
Esra Koyuncu, Gülnur Özgüner, Kenan Öztürk, Cemil Bilkay, Ahmet Dursun, Osman Sulak
BACKGROUND: Development of the fetal period of the meniscus has been reported in different studies. AIMS: Evaluation of the lateral and the medial menisci development, typing and the relationship of the tibia during the fetal period. STUDY DESIGN: Anatomical dissection. METHODS: We were evaluated 210 knee meniscus obtained from 105 human fetuses that in age from 9-40 weeks. Fetuses were divided into four groups. Intraarticular structure were exposed...
August 23, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832323/prevalence-of-epidermal-growth-factor-mutations-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-turkish-population
#14
Gaye Güler Tezel, Ebru Şener, Çisel Aydın, Sevgen Önder
AIMS: Epidermal growth factor receptor mutation analysis in non-small cell lung cancer is important for selecting patients who will receive treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors. In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of epidermal growth factor receptor mutations and mutation patterns in the Turkish population. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed molecular pathology reports of 959 cases with lung cancer analyzed for EGFR mutation...
August 23, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783024/pneumococcal-nasopharyngeal-carriage-in-young-healthy-children-after-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-turkey
#15
Ahmet Arvas, Haluk Çokuğraş, Emel Gür, Nevriye Gönüllü, Zeynep Taner, Hrisi Bahar Tokman
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in healthy children aged 0-6 years who were vaccinated with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 150 healthy Turkish children between 1 month and 6 years of age. Serotyping was performed and risk factors of carriage were evaluated. RESULTS: The overall carriage rate was 14%. Vaccine type serotypes were determined in 17 (12...
August 4, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783027/new-insights-on-the-dc-shock-reperfusion-in-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-killing-two-birds-with-one-stone
#16
Ümran Özdamar, Mehmet Kadri Akboğa, Muhammed Fatih Bayraktar, Özcan Özeke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783026/comment-on-pancreatitis-in-type-1-tyrosinemia
#17
Hakim Rahmoune, Nada Boutrid, Mounira Amrane, Belkacem Bioud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783025/abdominal-challenging-image-in-an-elderly-woman
#18
Vitorino Modesto Dos Santos, Filipe Emanuel Fonseca Menezes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552842/beyond-urticaria-schnitzler-syndrome
#19
Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde, Ahinoa Bueno-Rodriguez, Daniel Sánchez-Cano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 29, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552841/the-comparison-of-the-t2-star-values-of-placentas-obtained-from-preeclamptic-patients-with-those-of-a-control-group-an-ex-vivo-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#20
Nursel Yurttutan, Murat Bakacak, Betül Kızıldağ
BACKGROUND: Endotel dysfunction, vasoconstriction, and oxidative stress, are described in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia but its etiology has not been revealed clearly. AIMS: The aim of this study is to examine whether there is a difference between the placentas of preeclamptic pregnant women and those of a control group in terms of their T2 star (T2*) values. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Twenty patients diagnosed with preeclampsia and 22 healthy controls, were included in this study...
May 29, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
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