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World Journal of Emergency Medicine

Emilio Rodriguez-Ruiz, Diego Iglesias-Alvarez, Carlos Peña-Gil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Stephen Alerhand, Donald Apakama, Adam Nevel, Bret P Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Annasha Vyas, Katherine Moran, Joshua Livingston, Savannah Gonzales, Marlene Torres, Ali Duffens, Carina Mireles Romo, Genevieve Mazza, Briana Livingston, Shadi Lahham, John Christian Fox
BACKGROUND: Maternal and infant mortality rates reported in rural Panama are greater than those in urban regions. Bocas del Toro is a region of Panama inhabited by indigenous people at greater risk for pregnancy-related complications and deaths due to geographic isolation and limited access to health care. Portable ultrasound training programs have recently been implemented in low-resource settings to increase access to diagnostic imaging. The goal of this study is to determine the feasibility of teaching first-year medical students the Rural Obstetrical Ultrasound Triage Exam (ROUTE) to help identify pathology in pregnant women of the Bocas del Toro region of Panama...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Hai-Jun Wang, Yong Gao, Shi-Ning Qu, Chu-Lin Huang, Hao Zhang, Hao Wang, Quan-Hui Yang, Xue-Zhong Xing
BACKGROUND: Readmission to intensive care unit (ICU) after discharge to ward has been reported to be associated with increased hospital mortality and longer length of stay (LOS). The objective of this study was to investigate whether ICU readmission are preventable in critically ill cancer patients. METHODS: Data of patients who readmitted to intensive care unit (ICU) at National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (CAMS) and Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) between January 2013 and November 2016 were retrospectively collected and reviewed...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Suresh Kumar Arumugam, Insolvisagan Mudali, Gustav Strandvik, Ayman El-Menyar, Ammar Al-Hassani, Hassan Al-Thani
BACKGROUND: We sought to evaluate the risk factors for developing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and whether the location of intubation posed a risk in trauma patients. METHODS: Data were retrospectively reviewed for adult trauma patients requiring intubation for > 48 hours, admitted between 2010 and 2013. Patients' demographics, clinical presentations and outcomes were compared according to intubation location (prehospital intubation [PHI] vs. trauma room [TRI]) and presence vs...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Samantha P Jellinek-Cohen, May Li, Gregg Husk
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to determine the frequency of enoxaparin dosing errors for patients who had a measured emergency department (ED) weight compared to those who did not have a measured ED weight, and to determine if demographic variables (e.g., weight, height, age, English-speaking, race) impact the likelihood of receiving an inappropriate dose. METHODS: This is a retrospective, electronic chart review of patients who received a dose of enoxaparin in the ED between January 1, 2008 and July 1, 2013...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jennie Buchanan, Daniel Windels, Jeffrey Druck, Kennon Heard
BACKGROUND: Pharmacology and toxicology are core content knowledge for physicians. Medical students should demonstrate understanding of general pharmacology and basic treatment of poisoning. The objective of this study was to measure the knowledge of the 4th-year medical students (MS4) on these topics over 3 years. METHODS: A multiple-choice exam (15 questions) was administered to MS4 students in spring of 2010, 2011, and 2012. Questions were developed by medical toxicologists to evaluate basic knowledge in three areas: pharmacologic effects (PE), treatment of poisoning (TOP), and pharmacokinetics (PK)...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Kelly Williamson, Jeremy Branzetti, Navneet Cheema, Amer Aldeen
BACKGROUND: While the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) mandates that emergency medicine residencies provide an educational curriculum that includes administrative seminars and morbidity and mortality conference, there is significant variation as to how administrative topics are implemented into training programs. We seek to determine the prevalence of dedicated administrative rotations and details about the components of the curriculum. METHODS: In this descriptive study, a 12-question survey was distributed via the CORD listserv; each member program was asked questions concerning the presence of an administrative rotation and details about its components...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Siti Nasrina Yahaya, Shaik Farid Abdull Wahab, Muhammad Saiful Bahribin Yusoff, Mohd Azhar Mohd Yasin, Mohammed Alwi Abdul Rahman
BACKGROUND: Demanding profession has been associated with poor psychological health due to multiple factors such as overworking hours and night shifts. This study is to determine prevalence and associated factors of depression, anxiety and stress among medical officers working at emergency department in Malaysian hospitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 140 emergency department medical officers working at general hospitals from seven Malaysia regions...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Michael D T Yue, David W Spivey, Daniel B Gingold, Douglas G Sward
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to document the correlation between medical and wilderness training with levels of preparedness for acute mountain sickness (AMS), illness, and injury among backcountry hikers. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, convenience survey in Rocky Mountain National Park in July and August 2015. The study group consisted of 380 hikers who completed a written survey that collected information about demographics, wilderness experience, altitude experience, hiking equipment, communications devices, and trip planning...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Alexei Birkun, Maksim Glotov, Herman Franklin Ndjamen, Esther Alaiye, Temidara Adeleke, Sergey Samarin
BACKGROUND: To assess the effectiveness of the telephone chest-compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guided by a pre-recorded instructional audio when compared with dispatcher-assisted resuscitation. METHODS: It was a prospective, blind, randomised controlled study involving 109 medical students without previous CPR training. In a standardized mannequin scenario, after the step of dispatcher-assisted cardiac arrest recognition, the participants performed compression-only resuscitation guided over the telephone by either: (1) the pre-recorded instructional audio ( n =57); or (2) verbal dispatcher assistance ( n =52)...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Navneet Dhaliwal, Ranjitpal Singh Bhogal, Ashok Kumar, Anil Kumar Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Alan Lucerna, James Espinosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Josie Acuña, Sana Rukh, Srikar Adhikari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Daniel DeWeert, Elise Lovell, Samir Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Min Fei, Wen-Wei Cai, Sheng-Ang Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Hojat Sheikhmotahar Vahedi, Minasadat Mirfakhrai, Elnaz Vahidi, Morteza Saeedi
BACKGROUND: Inaccurate and incomplete documentation can lead to poor treatment and medico-legal consequences. Studies indicate that teaching programs in this field can improve the documentation of medical records. The study aimed to evaluate the effect of an educational workshop on medical record documentation by emergency medicine residents in the emergency department. METHODS: An interventional study was performed on 30 residents in their first year of training emergency medicine (PGY1), in three tertiary referral hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Shastri Vandana, Singh Shubnum, Kole Tamorish
BACKGROUND: There is a considerable paucity with regards to the research available on the quality and quantity of clinical teaching in the national emergency department (ED) setups. With the onset of the age of modern medicine, the outlook towards to the time worn tradition of triage and detailed medical evaluation must be revoked. Despite the variety of programs being conducted in the country, a comparable entity common to all is patients' clinical outcomes which can be measured using simple parameters which can be easily acquired compiling hospital registry entries...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Elnaz Vahidi, Rezvan Hemati, Mehdi Momeni, Amirhossein Jahanshir, Morteza Saeedi
BACKGROUND: Various sedative drugs have been proposed to control anxiety and agitation in shoulder dislocation, but none of them has been diagnosed as the best sedative and relaxant agent. The study aimed to compare the sedative effectiveness of thiopental versus midazolam in reduction of shoulder dislocation. METHODS: A randomized double-blind controlled trail was performed in 80 patients with shoulder dislocation recruited from the emergency department. Ten patients were excluded and 70 patients were enrolled in the study...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Hui Xie, Zhi-Gang Zhou, Wei Jin, Cheng-Bin Yuan, Jiang Du, Jian Lu, Rui-Lan Wang
BACKGROUND: Data on the mechanical ventilation (MV) characteristics and radiologic features for the cases with H7N9-induced ARDS were still lacking. METHODS: We describe the MV characteristics and radiologic features of adult patients with ARDS due to microbiologically confirmed H7N9 admitted to our ICU over a 3-month period. RESULTS: Eight patients (mean age 57.38±16.75; 5 male) were diagnosed with H7N9 in the first quarter of 2014. All developed respiratory failure complicated by acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which required MV in ICU...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
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