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Journal of Family & Reproductive Health

Ruchi Rathore, Shivangi Chauhan, Suman Mendiratta, Ritu Sharma, Manupriya Nain, Namrata Sarin
Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is a rare form of chronic inflammatory response consisting of macrophages, lymphocytes, plasma cells and neutrophils too. Due to its locally destructive nature and mass forming capacity as a result of adhesions, this type of inflammation may mimic malignancy or tuberculosis both clinically and radiologically. We present a report of two such cases, one mimicking tuberculosis and the other mimicking malignancy clinically. Awareness of this condition and a higher index of suspicion among clinicians, radiologists and pathologists can help in early diagnosis and more appropriate treatment of this potentially destructive disorder...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Massoumeh Mangeli, Masoud Rayyani, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Batool Tirgari
Objective: Early motherhood and its impact on mothers, children, families and communities is a prevalent health challenge in developing countries that needs to be urgently explored. The aim of this study was exploring the challenges encountered by Iranian adolescent mothers during the transition to motherhood. Materials and methods: Inductive conventional content analysis approach was used in this qualitative study. Face to face in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 Iranian teenage mothers in the Kerman province of Iran from March to December2016...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Sakineh Dadipoor, Mitra Mehraban, Teamur Aghamolaei, Ali Ramezankhani, Ali Safari-Moradabadi
Objective: To anticipate the type of childbirth according to the health belief model. Materials and methods: The present cross-sectional research was conducted on 222 primiparous women visiting the healthcare center in Khorram Abad. A combination of simple randomization and clustering was used to do the sampling. The data collection instrument was a validated four-part questionnaire the first part of which contained demographic information. The second part was comprised of awareness questions while the third dealt with the constructs of the health belief model...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Farideh Akhlaghi, Azadeh Khazaie, Fateme Jafaripour
Objective: To investigating formation or non-formation of bladder flap at Cesarean section on the complications during and after surgery. Materials and methods: This is a double-blind clinical trial study conducted during February 2014 to May 2015 on 64 pregnant women with gestational age of 36 weeks or more who were delivered by Cesarean section for the first time. They were randomly divided into two groups (intervention group: non-formation of bladder flap; control group: formation of bladder flap). The time to cut out the baby by Cesarean section, total duration of operation, bladder injury, intraoperative bleeding, hematocrit changes expected prior to during and following operation, postoperative pain, macroscopic and microscopic hematuria, postoperative complications and duration of hospitalization were compared between two groups...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Fatemeh Karami, Mohammad Reza Noori Daloii, Seddigheh Hantooshzadeh, Mohammad Hossein Modarressi
Objective: Recent advances in non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) through cell free fetal DNA (cffDNA) has highlighted cffDNA purification as a critical initial step. Herein, we aimed to compare the efficiency of one proposed protocol with two commercial kits for isolation of cffDNA. Materials and methods: cffDNA was isolated from whole blood of 50 normal pregnancies using one proposed manual protocol compared with QIAamp DNA Blood Mini and Bioneer Kits. Methylated DNA immunoprecipitation real time polymerase chain reaction (MeDIP-Real time PCR) was performed to quantify three fetal specific sequences...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Asma Sabermahani, Reza Goudarzi, Sarah Nasiri
Objective: Population and its corresponding problems are among multidimensional and complicated issues of human communities and their related features are the basis for making any plan or policy. Fertility, as one of the principle components of population growth, is an issue that has always been taken into consideration and extensive research has been carried out to recognize factors affecting on it. Therefore, the authors decided to study the most important factors influencing fertility rate in Iran by conducting a longitudinal study and considering the effect of various time periods on its population changes...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Lida Jalili, Shahnaz Najar, Salimeh Nezamivand-Chegini, Masoumeh Yaralizadeh
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between factors related to divorce request with mental health among divorce applicant women in order to understand the effect of these factors on women's mental health. Materials and methods: This study was a cross-sectional study performed on 434 divorce applicant women who referred to legal medicine department of Ahvaz in 2013 based on convenience sampling. Information was collected by using researcher made questionnaire for factors affecting divorce and symptom checklist-25 (SCL-25) standard questionnaire...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Manase Chiweshe, Malvern Chiweshe
Objective: To find out adult views on adolescent sexualities in Zimbabwe and how adults construct sexual cultures that deny adolescence access to sex. Materials and methods: The paper uses qualitative methodologies, with purposively selected parents and key informants. A total of ten in depth interviews, four focus groups and six key informant interviews with purposively sampled male and female respondents were conducted. Key informants included a headmaster, teacher, social worker, nurses and a member of traditional healers association...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Mustafa Geleto Ansha, Challi Jira Bosho, Fikru Tafese Jaleta
Objective: To assess reproductive health service utilization and associated factors among adolescents in Anchar District, West Hararghe Zone, Oromia Region, East Ethiopia. Materials and methods: A community based cross-sectional study using quantitative and qualitative method of data collection was applied from March 1to 30, 2013. Simple random sampling method was used for quantitative and Purposive sampling technique used for qualitative method. Four hundred two adolescents were interviewed for quantitative study...
June 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Sumarah Sumarah, Hesty Widyasih
Objective: To determine the effect of vaginal hygiene module to attitudes and behavior of pathological vaginal discharge prevention in adolescent girls in Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Materials and methods: This present study is a quasi experiment with pretest and post-test control group design. A total of 80 female students was selected randomly from two secondary schools at the study site and then distributed equally to control and experimental group. Only participants in the experimental group were given self-learning vaginal hygiene module to maintain vaginal cleanliness...
June 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Ademola C Famurewa, Emmanuel I Ugwuja
Objective: To evaluate association of blood and seminal plasma lead and cadmium with sperm quality of non-occupationally exposed male partners of couples with infertility. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 75 men aged 20-45 years (mean = 37.1 ± 7.0 yrs.) with infertility recruited from the Fertility Clinic of a hospital in Abakaliki. Sperm count done in accordance with the WHO guidelines was used to classify the participants as normospamia, oligospermia and azospermia . Atomic absorption spectrophotometer was used to determine lead and cadmium levels in plasma from blood and semen...
June 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Hatav Ghasemi-Tehrani, Setare Fallah, Nafiseh Mozafarian, Sareh Miranzadeh, Shokooh Sadeghi, Azam Azidhak
Objective: To determine the effect of Air Quality Index (AQI) in the first trimester of pregnancy on birth weight, placental weight, and the ratio of placental weight to the birth weight (pw-bw) in Isfahan. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was done on 312 consecutive pregnant women in Beheshti Hospital in Isfahan city in 2013. Information on air pollution was received from the Environmental department of Isfahan. Average exposure to air pollution in the first trimester of pregnancy was calculated for eachpregnant woman...
June 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Zahra Yazdanpanahi, Mehrnoush Ghaemmaghami, Marzieh Akbarzadeh, Najaf Zare, Amir Azisi
Objective: To evaluate the effects of acupuncture branches on postpartum low back pain severity among the primiparous subjects visiting the selected educational centers affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Materials and methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 150 (each group of 50 people) cases in 2012. Cupping therapy was done every other day in four 15-20 minute sessions a week. Besides, acupressure was applied according to the circular model for 20 minutes. The patients filled out the short form McGill Pain Questionnaires...
June 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Mohammad Hadi Bahadori, Seyedeh Hajar Sharami, Fereshteh Fakor, Forozan Milani, Davoud Pourmarzi, Seyedeh Fatemeh Dalil-Heirati
Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between vitamin E in the follicular fluid (FF) and serum with oocyte morphology and embryo quality. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on serum samples, FF samples, oocytes, and embryos collected from 50 women undergoing in vitro fertilization in the Alzahra Hospital, Rasht, Iran from March to August 2014. Vitamin E level was measured using HPLC. Oocyte morphology and embryo quality were evaluated during inverted optical microscopy...
June 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Hossien Izadirad, Shamsoddin Niknami, Iraj Zareban, Alireza Hidarnia
Objective: Social support and perceived self-efficacy affect health-related behaviors and play an important role on mothers' adaptability with pregnancy. This paper aims to study the impact of educational interventions based on social support and perceived self-efficacy on maternal prenatal care. Materials and methods: The present study is a before after experimental study in which 90 first-time pregnant women were randomly selected and divided into two 45- participants experimental and control groups. Data were collected from 21 January to 20 May 2016...
June 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Sareh Dashti, Latiffah Abdul Latiff, Nor Afiah Binti Mohd Zulkefli, Anisah Binti Baharom, Halimatus Sakdiah Minhat, Habibah Abdul Hamid, Maimunah Ismail, Ali Jafarzadeh Esfehani, Azrin Shah Abu Bakar, Nur Amirah Inani Binti Sabri
Objective: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition amongst women of reproductive age that can result in increased mortality and morbidity in women due to increased risk of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of common treatments of PCOS on the predictors of diabetes in non-diabetic PCOS women. Materials and methods: An extensive search was performed on the publications in three medical databases including pubmed, scopus and google scholar from 1995 till 2017...
June 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Mahshad Noroozi, Maliheh Kadivar, Mansure Madani, Pooneh Salari
Confidentiality is a basic concept in medical ethics and protecting confidentiality is considered as physicians' duty. In some occasions, this protection is in conflict with the right of the patient's sexual partner, who should be informed about the possibility of being infected. The sexual partner being pregnant, the situation is going to be more complicated. In this paper, we present a case discussion with special ethical, legal, social, cultural, and religious aspects. According to this informing sexual partner with the patient's assent, opt-out Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening in pregnant women and enhancing psychosocial and family support are highly recommended...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Jasmina Begum, Sunil Kumar Samal, Seetesh Ghose, Gopal Niranjan
Objective: Diagnosis of premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is difficult in equivocal cases with traditional methods. This study aimed to evaluate the reliability of vaginal washing fluid urea and creatinine for diagnosis of PROM and to determine the cut off value. Materials and methods: The current study was a prospective case control. Women having gestational age of 28 to 42 weeks were divided into two equal groups: Fifty with history of leaking per vagina (study group) and an equal number with gestation matched none leaking (control group) were recruited...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Seyedeh Neda Mousavi, Koorosh Kamali, Motahareh Mirbazel, Maryam Jameshorani
Objective: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a prevalent disorder which increases maternal and fetal complications. The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is a traditional, time -consuming and intensive test which is poorly tolerated by pregnant women. To date, increasing evidence considered HbA1c as a screening tool and reported various cut-off values in different populations. In alignment with existing literature, we determined for the first time, the optimal cut-off value for HbA1c in Iranian women with GDM...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Hanna Yuanita Dana Santoso, Supriyana Supriyana, Bahiyatun Bahiyatun, Melyana Nurul Widyawati, Diyah Fatmasari, Sudiyono Sudiyono, Dyah Anantalia Widyastari, Doni Marisi Sinaga
Objective: WHO recommends Mobile health , a practice of medicine and public health supported by mobile devices, to improve community health status and change people's behavior for the health purposes. The present study sought to examine the effectiveness of the android application program of Suami Siaga Plus in increasing husband's scores in birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) intervention. Materials and methods: It was a randomized controlled trial with pretest-posttest design. A total of 38 couples of husbands and pregnant women from three health centers at three sub districts in Semarang was selected by proportional systematic random sampling technique and equally distributed into control and intervention group...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
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