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Journal of Family & Reproductive Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114269/to-tell-or-not-to-tell-confidentiality-in-an-iranian-hiv-positive-patient-a-viewpoint
#1
Mahshad Noroozi, Maliheh Kadivar, Mansure Madani, Pooneh Salari
Confidentiality is a basic concept in medical ethics and protecting confidentiality is considered as physicians' duty. In some occasions, this protection is in conflict with the right of the patient's sexual partner, who should be informed about the possibility of being infected. The sexual partner being pregnant, the situation is going to be more complicated. In this paper, we present a case discussion with special ethical, legal, social, cultural, and religious aspects. According to this informing sexual partner with the patient's assent, opt-out Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening in pregnant women and enhancing psychosocial and family support are highly recommended...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114268/vaginal-fluid-urea-and-creatinine-in-the-diagnosis-of-premature-rupture-of-membranes-in-resource-limited-community-settings
#2
Jasmina Begum, Sunil Kumar Samal, Seetesh Ghose, Gopal Niranjan
Objective: Diagnosis of premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is difficult in equivocal cases with traditional methods. This study aimed to evaluate the reliability of vaginal washing fluid urea and creatinine for diagnosis of PROM and to determine the cut off value. Materials and methods: The current study was a prospective case control. Women having gestational age of 28 to 42 weeks were divided into two equal groups: Fifty with history of leaking per vagina (study group) and an equal number with gestation matched none leaking (control group) were recruited...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114267/the-best-cut-off-value-for-hba1c-as-a-screening-tool-in-iranian-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Seyedeh Neda Mousavi, Koorosh Kamali, Motahareh Mirbazel, Maryam Jameshorani
Objective: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a prevalent disorder which increases maternal and fetal complications. The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is a traditional, time -consuming and intensive test which is poorly tolerated by pregnant women. To date, increasing evidence considered HbA1c as a screening tool and reported various cut-off values in different populations. In alignment with existing literature, we determined for the first time, the optimal cut-off value for HbA1c in Iranian women with GDM...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114266/android-application-model-of-suami-siaga-plus-as-an-innovation-in-birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-bp-cr-intervention
#4
Hanna Yuanita Dana Santoso, Supriyana Supriyana, Bahiyatun Bahiyatun, Melyana Nurul Widyawati, Diyah Fatmasari, Sudiyono Sudiyono, Dyah Anantalia Widyastari, Doni Marisi Sinaga
Objective: WHO recommends Mobile health, a practice of medicine and public health supported by mobile devices, to improve community health status and change people's behavior for the health purposes. The present study sought to examine the effectiveness of the android application program of Suami Siaga Plus in increasing husband's scores in birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) intervention. Materials and methods: It was a randomized controlled trial with pretest-posttest design. A total of 38 couples of husbands and pregnant women from three health centers at three sub districts in Semarang was selected by proportional systematic random sampling technique and equally distributed into control and intervention group...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114265/dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate-insulin-resistance-and-ovarian-volume-estimation-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#5
Chrysi Christodoulaki, Eftihios Trakakis, Vasilios Pergialiotis, Periklis Panagopoulos, Charalampos Chrelias, Dimitrios Kassanos, Dimos Sioutis, Nikolaos Papantoniou, Dimitrios Xirofotos
Objective: To investigate the potential association of DHEA-S with metabolic and hormonal alterations and with disorders of ovarian morphology. Materials and methods: The present study was based on women with PCOS that attended the Gynaecological Endocrinology - Paediatric and Adolescence Endocrinology Department of our clinic. Overall, 321 patients who met the Rotterdam ESHRE/ ASRM - Sponsored criteria for the definition of PCOS were included. Women's personal medical history was recorded, anthropometric parameters were assessed and blood was drawn for analysis of metabolic and hormonal parameters...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114264/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-cervical-cancer-screening-among-women-attending-a-teaching-hospital-bharatpur-chitwan
#6
Smita Shrestha, Prativa Dhakal
Objective: To find out the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding cervical cancer screening among women. Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used to collect data from 96 women. Each woman was selected alternately from Gynae Out-Patient Department of Teaching Hospital. Data was collected by using semi-structured interview schedule to find out knowledge and practice and Likert scale to find out the attitude regarding cervical cancer screening. Data was analyzed by using SPSS version 20...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114263/the-current-status-and-factors-associated-with-implanon-service-provision-by-the-health-extension-workers-at-the-health-post-level-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Ketsela Desalegn, Eskindir Loha, Mengistu Meskele
Objective: Family Planning is often taken as one of the "Magic Bullet" interventions owing to its high impact and wide reaching nature in achieving multiple goals. This study aimed to assess the current status and the factors associated with health post level Implanon service provision through trained health extension workers in Wolaita zone, southern Ethiopia. Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among trained health extension workers in Wolaita zone in February 2013. A simple random sampling technique was used to identify a total of 285 trained HEWs...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114262/in-depth-analysis-of-the-leading-causes-of-maternal-mortality-due-to-cesarean-section-in-iran
#8
Nasrin Changizi, Golnaz Rezaeizadeh, Leila Janani, Mamak Shariat, Abbas Habibelahi
Objective: Despite the declining trend of maternal mortality (MMR) in Iran between 1990 and 2013, direct causes are still the major reasons for maternal death. One of these direct causes is complications of cesarean section (CS). Since the rate of CS in Iran is quite high (47.9%) and the trend continues to rise, there is an alarming threat of the possibility of increasing MMR in the country as a result of cesarean section complications, especially in repeated cases. In this study, we attempted to determine the indications of CS in reported maternal mortality, with special attention to risk factors predisposing to CS and/or to maternal mortality...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546821/evaluation-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-and-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-platelet-ratio-for-diagnosis-of-premature-ovarian-insufficiency
#9
Gulsah Ilhan, Fatma Ferda Verit Atmaca, Esra Altan, Ali Galip Zebitay, Hamdullah Sozen, Hurkan Akyol, Meryem Kurek Eken
Objective: To evaluate whether systemic inflammatory markers (neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and red blood cell distribution width (RDW) to platelet ratio (RPR)) can be used as reliable markers for the diagnosis of premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) and to determine if there is a relationship between these markers and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) levels. Materials and methods: Written and electronic medical records were reviewed using searches for diagnoses with the terms of 'premature ovarian failure', 'premature ovarian insufficiency'...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546820/evaluation-of-maternal-neonatal-outcomes-in-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-delivery-referred-to-maternity-of-academic-hospitals
#10
Masoumeh Mirteymouri, Sedigheh Ayati, Leyla Pourali, Mahboubeh Mahmoodinia, Maliheh Mahmoodinia
Objective: To evaluate the maternal and neonatal complications of vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC). Materials and methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in Mashhad University of medical sciences. Eighty women with previous cesarean section who were candidate for VBAC were enrolled the study. Patients were followed up for 6 weeks after delivery. The complication of VBAC was compared between successful or unsuccessful VBAC cases. Data was analyzed by SPSS version 16. Results: VBAC success rate was 91%...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546819/the-effectiveness-of-counseling-in-reducing-anxiety-among-nulliparous-pregnant-women
#11
Parisa Parsa, Nafiseh Saeedzadeh, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Ghodratallah Roshanaei
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of counseling in reducing anxiety of nulliparous pregnant women. Materials and methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 110 nulliparous pregnant women were selected out of all pregnant women referring to Fatemieh Hospital in Hamadan, Iran. Then, the subjects were divided into two groups in experimental and control (55 women in each). The data were collected through a questionnaire covering demographic and obstetric characteristics and Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546818/investigating-the-relationship-between-sexual-function-and-quality-of-life-in-menopausal-women
#12
Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Talat Khadivzadeh, Masaudeh Babakhanian
Objective: To evaluate the symptoms of menopausal women and the link between sexual function, menopausal symptoms and demographic variables. Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional study in which 202 postmenopausal women admitted to the health care centers were selected. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire and Menopause-Specific Quality of Life (MENQOL) were the main means of data gathering. Results: The results of our study suggested that suggested that women experienced a number of menopausal symptoms such hot flash, headache and neck pains, reduced physical strength weight gain, pain or leg cramps, intensified sexual problem than women who lack such symptoms...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546817/clinical-and-biochemical-characteristics-in-pcos-women-with-menstrual-abnormalities
#13
Vasiliki Christodoulopoulou, Eftihios Trakakis, Vasilios Pergialiotis, Melpomeni Peppa, Charalampos Chrelias, Dimitrios Kassanos, Nikolaos Papantoniou
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to examine the impact of menstrual cycle abnormalities among patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) on biochemical and anthropometric characteristics. Materials and methods: We conducted a prospective observational study of patients 17-35 years of age with PCOS that attended the department of Gynecological Endocrinology of our hospital. Results: A total of 309 women with PCOS participated in the study. In total, 72.2% suffered from menstrual cycle disorders...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546816/effects-of-intrathecal-opioids-use-in-cesarean-section-on-breastfeeding-and-newborns-weight-gaining
#14
Fardin Yousefshahi, Fatemeh Davari-Tanha, Atabak Najafi, Mahbod Kaveh, Mohsen Rezaei Hemami, Patricia Khashayar, Mohammad Anbarafshan
Objective: To assess the association between intrapartum intrathecal opioid use and breastfeeding and weight gain following cesarean section. Materials and methods: The prospective double-blinded study was conducted on term pregnant women, undergoing elective cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. They divided into two groups. In the first group, intrathecal Morphine was used to achieve analgesia during or after the operation. The remainder divided into two subgroups, those who did not receive any opioid or those received systemic opioids...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546815/role-of-statin-drugs-for-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Lisa Cassidy-Vu, Edwina Joe, Julienne K Kirk
Objective: To review the potential role and specific impact of statin drugs in women with PCOS. The evidence for this use of statins in PCOS is limited and still under further investigation. Materials and methods: A search was conducted using PubMed, DynaMed and PubMedHealth databases through October 16, 2016 using the terms polycystic ovary syndrome, PCOS, hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors, hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA, statin, atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin, pitavastatin, pravastatin, rosuvastatin and simvastatin...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546814/decreasing-total-fertility-rate-in-developing-countries
#16
Mohammad Eslami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101117/maternal-mortality-ratio-and-causes-of-death-in-iri-between-2009-and-2012
#17
Marzieh Vahiddastjerdy, Nasrin Changizi, Abas Habibollahi, Leila Janani, Zahra Farahani, Farah Babaee
Objective: The Maternal Mortality Ratio is an important health indicator. We presented the distribution and causes of maternal mortality in Islamic Republic of Iran. Materials and methods: After provision of an electronic Registry system for date entry, a descriptive-retrospective data collection had been performed for all maternal Deaths in March 2009- March 2012. All maternal deaths and their demographic characteristic were identified by using medical registries, death certificates, and relevant codes according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) during pregnancy, labor, and 42 days after parturition...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101116/journey-to-motherhood-in-the-first-year-after-child-birth
#18
Nahid Javadifar, Fereshteh Majlesi, Alireza Nikbakht, Saharnaz Nedjat, Ali Montazeri
Objective: Child bearing is a period of psychological challenges that must be viewed in a social context. This study reports the maternal transition from the perspective of Iranian first-time mothers in the first year after childbirth. Materials and methods: Qualitative method was chosen for explanation of mothers' individual experiences of motherhood.26 first-time mothers (aged 18-35 years old with various socio-economic status) who had delivered between 0-1 year prior to the interviews participated in the study...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101115/marital-satisfaction-and-its-influencing-factors-in-fertile-and-infertile-women
#19
Mohammad Amiri, Zakieh Sadeqi, Mohammad Hassan Hoseinpoor, Ahmad Khosravi
Objective: To determine marital satisfaction and its influencing factors among fertile and infertile women in Shahroud. Materials and methods: In this comparative study, 1528 participants (511 infertile and1017 fertile women) were evaluated using Enrich Marital Satisfaction Scale. Data were analyzed using chi-square and t-test. Results: A total of 1402 participants (78.7%) had high marital satisfaction. The results show that no significant differences exist between marital satisfaction, marital communication, conflict resolution and idealistic distortion in fertile and infertile women...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101114/dietary-and-socio-demographic-determinants-of-serum-persistent-organic-pollutants-pops-levels-in-pregnant-women-in-tehran
#20
Bita Eslami, Batool Hossein-Rashidi, Kazem Naddafi, Noushin Rastkari, Abolghasem Djazayeri, Hossein Malekafzali
Objective: To determine the levels of Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and Polybrominateddiphenyl ethers (PBDEs) as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in serum of primiparous women at the third trimester of pregnancy and identify the main determinants of POPs levels such as socio-demographic, lifestyle, and diet in Tehran. Materials and methods: One- hundred eighty five serum samples from two simultaneous case-control studies were collected from September 2013 until August 2015.Ten most abundant PCB congeners (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) congeners 28, 52, 74, 99, 101, 118, 138, 153, 180 and 187) as well as eight PBDE congeners (IUPAC congeners 28, 47, 99, 100, 153, 154, 183 and 209)were analyzed by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS)...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
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