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Journal of Family & Reproductive Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101117/maternal-mortality-ratio-and-causes-of-death-in-iri-between-2009-and-2012
#1
Marzieh Vahiddastjerdy, Nasrin Changizi, Abas Habibollahi, Leila Janani, Zahra Farahani, Farah Babaee
Objective: The Maternal Mortality Ratio is an important health indicator. We presented the distribution and causes of maternal mortality in Islamic Republic of Iran. Materials and methods: After provision of an electronic Registry system for date entry, a descriptive-retrospective data collection had been performed for all maternal Deaths in March 2009- March 2012. All maternal deaths and their demographic characteristic were identified by using medical registries, death certificates, and relevant codes according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) during pregnancy, labor, and 42 days after parturition...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101116/journey-to-motherhood-in-the-first-year-after-child-birth
#2
Nahid Javadifar, Fereshteh Majlesi, Alireza Nikbakht, Saharnaz Nedjat, Ali Montazeri
Objective: Child bearing is a period of psychological challenges that must be viewed in a social context. This study reports the maternal transition from the perspective of Iranian first-time mothers in the first year after childbirth. Materials and methods: Qualitative method was chosen for explanation of mothers' individual experiences of motherhood.26 first-time mothers (aged 18-35 years old with various socio-economic status) who had delivered between 0-1 year prior to the interviews participated in the study...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101115/marital-satisfaction-and-its-influencing-factors-in-fertile-and-infertile-women
#3
Mohammad Amiri, Zakieh Sadeqi, Mohammad Hassan Hoseinpoor, Ahmad Khosravi
Objective: To determine marital satisfaction and its influencing factors among fertile and infertile women in Shahroud. Materials and methods: In this comparative study, 1528 participants (511 infertile and1017 fertile women) were evaluated using Enrich Marital Satisfaction Scale. Data were analyzed using chi-square and t-test. Results: A total of 1402 participants (78.7%) had high marital satisfaction. The results show that no significant differences exist between marital satisfaction, marital communication, conflict resolution and idealistic distortion in fertile and infertile women...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101114/dietary-and-socio-demographic-determinants-of-serum-persistent-organic-pollutants-pops-levels-in-pregnant-women-in-tehran
#4
Bita Eslami, Batool Hossein-Rashidi, Kazem Naddafi, Noushin Rastkari, Abolghasem Djazayeri, Hossein Malekafzali
Objective: To determine the levels of Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and Polybrominateddiphenyl ethers (PBDEs) as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in serum of primiparous women at the third trimester of pregnancy and identify the main determinants of POPs levels such as socio-demographic, lifestyle, and diet in Tehran. Materials and methods: One- hundred eighty five serum samples from two simultaneous case-control studies were collected from September 2013 until August 2015.Ten most abundant PCB congeners (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) congeners 28, 52, 74, 99, 101, 118, 138, 153, 180 and 187) as well as eight PBDE congeners (IUPAC congeners 28, 47, 99, 100, 153, 154, 183 and 209)were analyzed by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS)...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101113/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-pubertal-preparedness-program-in-terms-of-knowledge-and-attitude-regarding-pubertal-changes-among-pre-adolescent-girls
#5
Manisha Rani, Poonam Sheoran, Yogesh Kumar, Navjyot Singh
Objective: To compare the knowledge and attitude regarding pubertal changes among pre - adolescent girls before and after the pubertal preparedness program (PPP) in experimental and comparison group. Materials and methods: A Quasi experimental (non- equivalent comparison group pretest posttest) design was adopted with 104pre-adolescentgirls (52 in each experimental and comparison group) of age 12-14years, selected by purposive sampling from two different Government schools of Ambala District. Knowledge and attitude was assessed using structured knowledge questionnaire (KR-20 = 0...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101112/effect-of-training-preparation-for-childbirth-on-fear-of-normal-vaginal-delivery-and-choosing-the-type-of-delivery-among-pregnant-women-in-hamadan-iran-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Farideh Kazemi, Khodayar Oshvandi, Mozhgan Jalali, Ali Esmaeili-Vardanjani, Hossein Rafiei
Objective: To examine effect of an educational program on pregnant women's fear of normal vaginal delivery. Fear of natural childbirth during pregnancy may increase the risk of caesarean section. Educational programs may be effective in reducing women fear of natural childbirth. Materials and methods: This randomized controlled trial conducted from September 2012 to January 2013 in Hamadan, Iran. One hundred fifty eligible women were randomly assigned to group "A" (Intervention group, n = 75) or group "B" (Control group, n = 75)...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101111/a-randomized-trial-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-local-endometrial-injury-on-the-clinical-pregnancy-rate-of-frozen-embryo-transfer-cycles-in-patients-with-repeated-implantation-failure
#7
Ensieh Shahrokh-Tehraninejad, Minoo Dashti, Batool Hossein-Rashidi, Elham Azimi-Nekoo, Fedyeh Haghollahi, Vahid Kalantari
Objective: Repeated implantation failure (RIF) is a condition in which the embryos implantation decreases in the endometrium. So, our aim was to evaluate the effect of local endometrial injury on embryo transfer results. Materials and methods: In this simple randomized clinical trial (RCT), a total of 120 patients were selected. The participants were less than 40 years old, and they are in their minimum two cycles of vitro fertilization (IVF). Patients were divided randomly into two groups of LEI (Local endometrial injury) and a control group (n = 60 in each group)...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101110/the-best-age-for-pregnancy-and-undue-pressures
#8
Carlo Bellieni
In western countries we assist at the paradox that fertility is socially discouraged by a mindset that depicts fertility as a resource to exploit as late as possible. So, couples have high expectative about the advantages of delayed parenthood, but they are scarcely informed about its risks. Scientific data suggests to anticipate the first pregnancy, but social pressures impose to wait, though delayed childbearing can provoke sterility and a greater gap between generations. The best age to become parents should be autonomously decided by a couple, under the condition of being a free informed choice and not a social imposition, but currently this is not guaranteed to western women and men...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648100/effects-of-community-based-newborn-care-intervention-on-neonate-health-status-in-a-district-of-tehran-iran
#9
Fatemeh Nayeri, Hosein Dalili, Kazem Shahzadeh Fazeli, Shahnaz Delbarpoor Ahmadi, Frozan Akrami, Tahereh Esmailnia, Abbas Habibelahi, Mamak Shariat
Objective: To identify the effects of community-based interventions on the Neonatal Health Index in one district of Tehran-Iran. Materials and methods: A community and healthcare center-based study was carried out from January 2011 through September 2014. The population of the study included newborns from mothers residing in the 4(th) district of Tehran, Iran. Demographic data of mothers and infants were recorded in questionnaires before and after intervention. Interventions were implemented in hospitals, participants' homes, and health centers...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648099/comparing-sexual-function-and-quality-of-life-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-healthy-women
#10
Vida Shafti, Sara Shahbazi
Objective: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders that is associated with different metabolic, reproductive and psychological consequences. The main aim of this study was to compare the sexual function and quality of life in women with polycystic ovary syndrome and healthy women. Materials and methods: This is a causal-comparative study in which 129 women with polycystic ovary syndrome were qualified as the research group. The control group consisted of 125 healthy women...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648098/effects-of-diets-enriched-in-omega-9-or-omega-6-fatty-acids-on-reproductive-process
#11
Seyedeh Neda Mousavi, Fariba Koohdani, Farzad Shidfar, Leila Shafiei-Neek
OBJECTIVE: Maternal type and amounts of dietary fatty acids affect on reproductive process in the mice. The present study investigated the effects of maternal supplementation with different amounts of omega-6 or omega-9 during pregnancy on the number of offspring, sex-ratio and duration of gestation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight-week-old female C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned into four dietary groups including low omega-6 (16%; LO6), low omega-9 (16%; LO9), high omega-6 (45%; HO6) and high omega-9 (45%; HO9) during gestation...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648097/association-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-ectopic-pregnancy
#12
Fariba Nanbakhsh, Tahereh Behrouzi-Lak, Mahsa Tabean, Sima Oshnouei, Pooya Mazlumi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the importance of cytokine type in embryo implantation in uterus specified and activated macrophages interfere the tube movements and embryo retention in uterine tubes by smooth muscle relaxation and disrupting ciliary function. Therefore, increased risk of infection with HP during pregnancy, we investigated relation between Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and prevalence of ectopic pregnancy (EP) in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is cross-sectional study from March 2012 to May 2013...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648096/comparison-of-gene-expression-profiles-in-human-germinal-vesicle-before-and-after-cytoplasmic-transfer-from-mature-oocytes-in-iranian-infertile-couples
#13
Fatemeh Sadat Hoseini, Nasser Salsabili, Firoozeh Akbari-Asbagh, Reza Aflatoonian, Seyed Hamid Aghaee-Bakhtiari
Objective: To evaluate the effect of cytoplasm transfer from mature oocytes to germinal vesicle(GV)s on promoting the maturation of cytoplasm of GV at the mRNA level. Materials and methods: Sixty six in vitro fertilization (IVF) operations between June 2012 and November 2013 were included in this study. Totally 120 GVs were obtained. Normal GVs were categorized into 3 groups (n = 40) randomly: the first comprised oocytes that did not receive the cytoplasm of mature oocytes; the second group comprised oocytes that did not receive the cytoplasm of mature oocytes but were incubated for 24 h; and the third group comprised oocytes that received 10-15% the cytoplasm of mature oocytes and were then incubated for 24 h...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648095/immunohistochemical-expression-of-myeloperoxidase-in-placental-samples-of-systematic-lupus-erythematosus-pregnancies
#14
Zahra Heidari, Hamidreza Mahmoudzadeh Sagheb, Nadia Sheibak
Objective: Reports of increased level of Myeloperoxidase (MPO) in plasma and placental extracts of Systematic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) has been proposed that MPO may have an important role in this pregnancy complication. In present study immunohistochemical MPO expression was investigated in placental samples of SLE women compared with normal controls. Materials and methods: Ten patients with SLE were recruited as case group. Control group was selected from mothers with normal uncomplicated pregnancies. A monoclonal antibody specific for MPO was used for immunohistochemical staining and then the staining was quantified and differences between groups were compared using Mann-Whitney U test...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648094/the-role-of-plasma-creatine-phosphokinase-cpk-level-in-prediction-of-response-to-methotrexate-for-ectopic-pregnancy
#15
Fatemeh Davari-Tanha, Mohadese Ghazi, Mona Mohseni, Farahnaz Ahmadi
Objective: To evaluate the plasma creatine phosphokinase (CPK) level after injection of methotrexate (MTX) as a predictor of treatment success in ectopic pregnancy (EP). Materials and methods: One hundred women treated with single dose of methotrexate for ectopic pregnancy were evaluated in a prospective study, for CPK and ß-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (ß-hCG) levels. They received intramuscular MTX at a dose of 50 mg/m2. The day of injection was considered as day 1 (D1). CPK level on the day of Methotrexate injection was compared between success group who were treated by a single MTX injection, and the unsuccessful groupwho were treated by two or three MTX injections or by surgery...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648093/female-sexual-function-during-the-menopausal-transition-in-a-group-of-iranian-women
#16
Tahereh Eftekhar, Mahboobeh Dashti, Mamak Shariat, Fedyeh Haghollahi, Firoozeh Raisi, Akram Ghahghaei-Nezamabadi
Objective: To determine the prevalence of sexual problems in Iranian women and association of sexual dysfunction with menopausal symptoms. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 151 married women with the age of 40-60 yearsold who were referred for treatmentto Department of Gynecology in Vali-e-Asr Hospital (Tehran, Iran) from April to July 2012, were recruited. They were evaluated concerning their sexual function in the domains of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain with the female sexual function index (FSFI) questionnaire...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385974/isolated-vaginal-neurofibroma-presenting-as-vaginal-wall-cyst-a-rare-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#17
Sarita Nibhoria, Kanwardeep Kaur Tiwana, Manmeet Kaur, Richa Phutela
Neurofibromas commonly involve peripheral nervous system. Isolated neurofibroma of vagina is very rare tumor and usually associated with Von Recklinghausen's disease. Vulva is the most frequent location of neurofibroma of genital tract followed by clitoris and labia. We present a rare case of neurofibroma of vaginal wall presented as vaginal cyst in a 52 year old female with no history of any other symptoms related to Recklinghausen's disease. Excision biopsy was done and on the histopathological examination non-encapsulated, well circumscribed mass composed of spindle shaped cells with wavy nuclei and bland nuclear chromatin was noted...
March 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385973/recombinant-fsh-compared-to-clomiphene-citrate-as-the-first-line-in-ovulation-induction-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-using-newly-designed-pens-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Batool Hossein-Rashidi, Bahareh Khandzad, Ensieh Shahrokh-Tehraninejad, Maryam Bagheri, Mansoureh Gorginzadeh
OBJECTIVE: Since there is still controversy regarding the best first-line choice for ovulation induction (OI) other than clomiphene citrate (CC) in infertile women diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the aim of the present study was to compare recombinant human FSH with CC as the first course of OI in these women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this pilot randomized controlled trial, 104 infertile women diagnosed with PCOS were randomized in two groups to receive either CC with the dose of 100mg per day from day 3 of a spontaneous or progestin-induced menstruation for 5 days or rFSH with the starting dose of 50 IU daily {and weekly dose increment of as low as 12...
March 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385972/comparison-pregnancy-outcomes-between-minimal-stimulation-protocol-and-conventional-gnrh-antagonist-protocols-in-poor-ovarian-responders
#19
Shamim Pilehvari, Ensieh ShahrokhTehraninejad, Batool Hosseinrashidi, Fatemeh Keikhah, Fedyeh Haghollahi, Elham Aziminekoo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pregnancy outcomes achieved by in vitro fertilization (IVF) between minimal stimulation and conventional antagonist protocols in poor ovarian responders (PORs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 77 PORs undergoing IVF were selected and divided into two groups. First group was the minimal stimulation group (n = 42) receiving 100 mg/day clomiphene citrate on day 2of the cycle for 5 day that was followed by150IU/day human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) on day 5 of the cycle...
March 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385971/comparison-of-the-effects-of-two-auditory-methods-by-mother-and-fetus-on-the-results-of-non-stress-test-baseline-fetal-heart-rate-and-number-of-accelerations-in-pregnant-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Roghaie Khoshkholgh, Tahereh Keshavarz, Zeinab Moshfeghy, Marzieh Akbarzadeh, Nasrin Asadi, Najaf Zare
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of two auditory methods by mother and fetus on the results of NST in 2011-2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this single-blind clinical trial, 213 pregnant women with gestational age of 37-41 weeks who had no pregnancy complications were randomly divided into 3 groups (auditory intervention for mother, auditory intervention for fetus, and control) each containing 71 subjects. In the intervention groups, music was played through the second 10 minutes of NST...
March 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
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