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Journal of Family & Reproductive Health

Fatemeh Nayeri, Hosein Dalili, Kazem Shahzadeh Fazeli, Shahnaz Delbarpoor Ahmadi, Frozan Akrami, Tahereh Esmailnia, Abbas Habibelahi, Mamak Shariat
Objective: To identify the effects of community-based interventions on the Neonatal Health Index in one district of Tehran-Iran. Materials and methods: A community and healthcare center-based study was carried out from January 2011 through September 2014. The population of the study included newborns from mothers residing in the 4(th) district of Tehran, Iran. Demographic data of mothers and infants were recorded in questionnaires before and after intervention. Interventions were implemented in hospitals, participants' homes, and health centers...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Vida Shafti, Sara Shahbazi
Objective: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders that is associated with different metabolic, reproductive and psychological consequences. The main aim of this study was to compare the sexual function and quality of life in women with polycystic ovary syndrome and healthy women. Materials and methods: This is a causal-comparative study in which 129 women with polycystic ovary syndrome were qualified as the research group. The control group consisted of 125 healthy women...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Seyedeh Neda Mousavi, Fariba Koohdani, Farzad Shidfar, Leila Shafiei-Neek
OBJECTIVE: Maternal type and amounts of dietary fatty acids affect on reproductive process in the mice. The present study investigated the effects of maternal supplementation with different amounts of omega-6 or omega-9 during pregnancy on the number of offspring, sex-ratio and duration of gestation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight-week-old female C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned into four dietary groups including low omega-6 (16%; LO6), low omega-9 (16%; LO9), high omega-6 (45%; HO6) and high omega-9 (45%; HO9) during gestation...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Fariba Nanbakhsh, Tahereh Behrouzi-Lak, Mahsa Tabean, Sima Oshnouei, Pooya Mazlumi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the importance of cytokine type in embryo implantation in uterus specified and activated macrophages interfere the tube movements and embryo retention in uterine tubes by smooth muscle relaxation and disrupting ciliary function. Therefore, increased risk of infection with HP during pregnancy, we investigated relation between Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and prevalence of ectopic pregnancy (EP) in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is cross-sectional study from March 2012 to May 2013...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Fatemeh Sadat Hoseini, Nasser Salsabili, Firoozeh Akbari-Asbagh, Reza Aflatoonian, Seyed Hamid Aghaee-Bakhtiari
Objective: To evaluate the effect of cytoplasm transfer from mature oocytes to germinal vesicle(GV)s on promoting the maturation of cytoplasm of GV at the mRNA level. Materials and methods: Sixty six in vitro fertilization (IVF) operations between June 2012 and November 2013 were included in this study. Totally 120 GVs were obtained. Normal GVs were categorized into 3 groups (n = 40) randomly: the first comprised oocytes that did not receive the cytoplasm of mature oocytes; the second group comprised oocytes that did not receive the cytoplasm of mature oocytes but were incubated for 24 h; and the third group comprised oocytes that received 10-15% the cytoplasm of mature oocytes and were then incubated for 24 h...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Zahra Heidari, Hamidreza Mahmoudzadeh Sagheb, Nadia Sheibak
Objective: Reports of increased level of Myeloperoxidase (MPO) in plasma and placental extracts of Systematic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) has been proposed that MPO may have an important role in this pregnancy complication. In present study immunohistochemical MPO expression was investigated in placental samples of SLE women compared with normal controls. Materials and methods: Ten patients with SLE were recruited as case group. Control group was selected from mothers with normal uncomplicated pregnancies. A monoclonal antibody specific for MPO was used for immunohistochemical staining and then the staining was quantified and differences between groups were compared using Mann-Whitney U test...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Fatemeh Davari-Tanha, Mohadese Ghazi, Mona Mohseni, Farahnaz Ahmadi
Objective: To evaluate the plasma creatine phosphokinase (CPK) level after injection of methotrexate (MTX) as a predictor of treatment success in ectopic pregnancy (EP). Materials and methods: One hundred women treated with single dose of methotrexate for ectopic pregnancy were evaluated in a prospective study, for CPK and ß-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (ß-hCG) levels. They received intramuscular MTX at a dose of 50 mg/m2. The day of injection was considered as day 1 (D1). CPK level on the day of Methotrexate injection was compared between success group who were treated by a single MTX injection, and the unsuccessful groupwho were treated by two or three MTX injections or by surgery...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Tahereh Eftekhar, Mahboobeh Dashti, Mamak Shariat, Fedyeh Haghollahi, Firoozeh Raisi, Akram Ghahghaei-Nezamabadi
Objective: To determine the prevalence of sexual problems in Iranian women and association of sexual dysfunction with menopausal symptoms. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 151 married women with the age of 40-60 yearsold who were referred for treatmentto Department of Gynecology in Vali-e-Asr Hospital (Tehran, Iran) from April to July 2012, were recruited. They were evaluated concerning their sexual function in the domains of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain with the female sexual function index (FSFI) questionnaire...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Sarita Nibhoria, Kanwardeep Kaur Tiwana, Manmeet Kaur, Richa Phutela
Neurofibromas commonly involve peripheral nervous system. Isolated neurofibroma of vagina is very rare tumor and usually associated with Von Recklinghausen's disease. Vulva is the most frequent location of neurofibroma of genital tract followed by clitoris and labia. We present a rare case of neurofibroma of vaginal wall presented as vaginal cyst in a 52 year old female with no history of any other symptoms related to Recklinghausen's disease. Excision biopsy was done and on the histopathological examination non-encapsulated, well circumscribed mass composed of spindle shaped cells with wavy nuclei and bland nuclear chromatin was noted...
March 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Batool Hossein-Rashidi, Bahareh Khandzad, Ensieh Shahrokh-Tehraninejad, Maryam Bagheri, Mansoureh Gorginzadeh
OBJECTIVE: Since there is still controversy regarding the best first-line choice for ovulation induction (OI) other than clomiphene citrate (CC) in infertile women diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the aim of the present study was to compare recombinant human FSH with CC as the first course of OI in these women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this pilot randomized controlled trial, 104 infertile women diagnosed with PCOS were randomized in two groups to receive either CC with the dose of 100mg per day from day 3 of a spontaneous or progestin-induced menstruation for 5 days or rFSH with the starting dose of 50 IU daily {and weekly dose increment of as low as 12...
March 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Shamim Pilehvari, Ensieh ShahrokhTehraninejad, Batool Hosseinrashidi, Fatemeh Keikhah, Fedyeh Haghollahi, Elham Aziminekoo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pregnancy outcomes achieved by in vitro fertilization (IVF) between minimal stimulation and conventional antagonist protocols in poor ovarian responders (PORs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 77 PORs undergoing IVF were selected and divided into two groups. First group was the minimal stimulation group (n = 42) receiving 100 mg/day clomiphene citrate on day 2of the cycle for 5 day that was followed by150IU/day human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) on day 5 of the cycle...
March 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Roghaie Khoshkholgh, Tahereh Keshavarz, Zeinab Moshfeghy, Marzieh Akbarzadeh, Nasrin Asadi, Najaf Zare
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of two auditory methods by mother and fetus on the results of NST in 2011-2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this single-blind clinical trial, 213 pregnant women with gestational age of 37-41 weeks who had no pregnancy complications were randomly divided into 3 groups (auditory intervention for mother, auditory intervention for fetus, and control) each containing 71 subjects. In the intervention groups, music was played through the second 10 minutes of NST...
March 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Roxana Kargar, Afsaneh Aghazadeh-Nainie, Hamid Reza Khoddami-Vishteh
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of EMLA cream and lidocaine injection to reduce pain during episiotomy repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 46 primiparous women with normal pregnancy who referred for normal vaginal delivery and needed episiotomy repair were selected and randomly divided into two groups. For EMLA group, one hour before the estimated time of delivery, 5g of EMLA cream was applied to perinealmediolateral incision, and after the delivery of the fetus and placenta, again 5g of EMLA cream was applied to healthy skin around the episiotomy for repair...
March 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Damoon Ashtary-Larky, Mohammad Ali Ghaffari, Mozhgan Noorbehbahani, Meysam Alipour
OBJECTIVE: Calpains are a family of Ca(2+) dependent proteases. There is some evidence that calpains involved in fusion process that occurs between spermatozoa and the oocyte. The current study aimed to investigate the association of smoking with semen quality and µ-calpain level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study was conducted on 117 normospermia males between June 2013 and march 2014 in Jahad Laboratory in ahvaz, Iran. The semen samples were collected from male smokers (n = 50) and non-smokers (n = 67)...
March 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Zahra Boroumandfar, Farzin Khorvash, Katayoun Taeri, Mahrdad Salehi, Ghasem Yadegarfar
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to design and evaluate the content and face validity, and reliability of knowledge, attitude, and behavior questionnaire on preventive behaviors among vulnerable women concerning sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in two phases of an action research. In the first phase, to explain STDs preventive domains, 20 semi- structured interviews were conducted with the vulnerable women, residing at women prison and women referred to counseling centers...
March 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Fatemeh Haidari, Mohammad-Taha Jalali, Nahid Shahbazian, Mohammad-Hossein Haghighizadeh, Elham Azadegan
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D appears to be involved in regulation of glycemic and inflammatory responses in gestational diabetes. The purpose of this study was to compare the serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), inflammatory biomarkers and glycemic profile between gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and normal glucose tolerance (NGT) pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, fasting serum levels of 25(OH)D, insulin, glucose, HOMA-IR, hs-CRP and TNF-α were measured in 45 GDM and 45 NGT women at week 20-30 gestation whom referred to Reference Medical Laboratory of Ahvaz, Iran in 1394...
March 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Kanwardeep Kaur Tiwana, Sarita Nibhoria, Harpreet Kaur, Akanksha Bajaj, Richa Phutela
Despite of the fact that the vulva contains a high density of apocrine and anogenital mammary glands in addition to eccrine glands and folliculosebaceous units, the benign vulvar adnexal tumours are rare. Though the varied clinical presentation and diverse histopathological spectrum of vulvar neoplasms has amazed the pathologists, only few studies have been reported in literature. The present five year study consists of only five cases of benign vulvar neoplasms depicting their rarity. Hidradenoma papilliferum and syringoma were the most common entities followed by Chondroid syringoma...
November 2015: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Saghar Samimi, Arman Taheri, Fatemeh Davari Tanha
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of intravenous and intraperitoneal injection of lidocaine and normal saline in relieving postoperative pain after elective abdominal hysterectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this double-blind randomized controlled study 109 patients undergoing elective abdominal hysterectomy were randomly allocated to three groups :1) IV group (intravenous injection group) received intravenous lidocaine %2 bolus 1.5mg/kg 30 min before incision and then a continuous lidocaine infusion of 2mg/kg and before the wound closure an intraperitoneal injection of N/S , 2) IP group (intraperitoneal group) received intravenous N/S and intraperitoneal lidocaine 3mg/kg , 3) P group (placebo, N/S) received both intravenous and intraperitoneal N/S...
November 2015: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Roghaieh Rahmani Bilandi, Farideh Khalajabadi Farahamni, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Reza Mohamadi, Mostafa Amiri
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examin the psychometric characteristics of the Persian version of Reproductive Health Assessment Questionnaire for Women of Reproductive Age (RHAQWRA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a cross sectional study. We selected 150 women aged 18- 45 years based on convenience sampling method who lived in the Quake-hit areas in eastern part of Iran in 2013. Some previously recognized and established instructions were undertaken in translating and adapting the RHAQWRA questionnaire culturally...
November 2015: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Narges Zamani, Mitra Modares Gilani, Fateme Zamani, M Hossein Zamani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether the MRI and biomarkers human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) and CA125 correlate with depth of myometrial invasion, histologic grade, cervical involvement and nodal metastases in patients with endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study in women with biopsy-proven endometrial adenocarcinoma of the uterus. Preoperative pelvic MRI was performed and concentration of HE4 and CA125 were assessed before surgery...
November 2015: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
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