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Journal of Family & Reproductive Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546821/evaluation-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-and-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-platelet-ratio-for-diagnosis-of-premature-ovarian-insufficiency
#1
Gulsah Ilhan, Fatma Ferda Verit Atmaca, Esra Altan, Ali Galip Zebitay, Hamdullah Sozen, Hurkan Akyol, Meryem Kurek Eken
Objective: To evaluate whether systemic inflammatory markers (neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and red blood cell distribution width (RDW) to platelet ratio (RPR)) can be used as reliable markers for the diagnosis of premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) and to determine if there is a relationship between these markers and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) levels. Materials and methods: Written and electronic medical records were reviewed using searches for diagnoses with the terms of 'premature ovarian failure', 'premature ovarian insufficiency'...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546820/evaluation-of-maternal-neonatal-outcomes-in-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-delivery-referred-to-maternity-of-academic-hospitals
#2
Masoumeh Mirteymouri, Sedigheh Ayati, Leyla Pourali, Mahboubeh Mahmoodinia, Maliheh Mahmoodinia
Objective: To evaluate the maternal and neonatal complications of vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC). Materials and methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in Mashhad University of medical sciences. Eighty women with previous cesarean section who were candidate for VBAC were enrolled the study. Patients were followed up for 6 weeks after delivery. The complication of VBAC was compared between successful or unsuccessful VBAC cases. Data was analyzed by SPSS version 16. Results: VBAC success rate was 91%...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546819/the-effectiveness-of-counseling-in-reducing-anxiety-among-nulliparous-pregnant-women
#3
Parisa Parsa, Nafiseh Saeedzadeh, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Ghodratallah Roshanaei
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of counseling in reducing anxiety of nulliparous pregnant women. Materials and methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 110 nulliparous pregnant women were selected out of all pregnant women referring to Fatemieh Hospital in Hamadan, Iran. Then, the subjects were divided into two groups in experimental and control (55 women in each). The data were collected through a questionnaire covering demographic and obstetric characteristics and Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546818/investigating-the-relationship-between-sexual-function-and-quality-of-life-in-menopausal-women
#4
Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Talat Khadivzadeh, Masaudeh Babakhanian
Objective: To evaluate the symptoms of menopausal women and the link between sexual function, menopausal symptoms and demographic variables. Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional study in which 202 postmenopausal women admitted to the health care centers were selected. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire and Menopause-Specific Quality of Life (MENQOL) were the main means of data gathering. Results: The results of our study suggested that suggested that women experienced a number of menopausal symptoms such hot flash, headache and neck pains, reduced physical strength weight gain, pain or leg cramps, intensified sexual problem than women who lack such symptoms...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546817/clinical-and-biochemical-characteristics-in-pcos-women-with-menstrual-abnormalities
#5
Vasiliki Christodoulopoulou, Eftihios Trakakis, Vasilios Pergialiotis, Melpomeni Peppa, Charalampos Chrelias, Dimitrios Kassanos, Nikolaos Papantoniou
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to examine the impact of menstrual cycle abnormalities among patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) on biochemical and anthropometric characteristics. Materials and methods: We conducted a prospective observational study of patients 17-35 years of age with PCOS that attended the department of Gynecological Endocrinology of our hospital. Results: A total of 309 women with PCOS participated in the study. In total, 72.2% suffered from menstrual cycle disorders...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546816/effects-of-intrathecal-opioids-use-in-cesarean-section-on-breastfeeding-and-newborns-weight-gaining
#6
Fardin Yousefshahi, Fatemeh Davari-Tanha, Atabak Najafi, Mahbod Kaveh, Mohsen Rezaei Hemami, Patricia Khashayar, Mohammad Anbarafshan
Objective: To assess the association between intrapartum intrathecal opioid use and breastfeeding and weight gain following cesarean section. Materials and methods: The prospective double-blinded study was conducted on term pregnant women, undergoing elective cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. They divided into two groups. In the first group, intrathecal Morphine was used to achieve analgesia during or after the operation. The remainder divided into two subgroups, those who did not receive any opioid or those received systemic opioids...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546815/role-of-statin-drugs-for-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Lisa Cassidy-Vu, Edwina Joe, Julienne K Kirk
Objective: To review the potential role and specific impact of statin drugs in women with PCOS. The evidence for this use of statins in PCOS is limited and still under further investigation. Materials and methods: A search was conducted using PubMed, DynaMed and PubMedHealth databases through October 16, 2016 using the terms polycystic ovary syndrome, PCOS, hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors, hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA, statin, atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin, pitavastatin, pravastatin, rosuvastatin and simvastatin...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546814/decreasing-total-fertility-rate-in-developing-countries
#8
Mohammad Eslami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101117/maternal-mortality-ratio-and-causes-of-death-in-iri-between-2009-and-2012
#9
Marzieh Vahiddastjerdy, Nasrin Changizi, Abas Habibollahi, Leila Janani, Zahra Farahani, Farah Babaee
Objective: The Maternal Mortality Ratio is an important health indicator. We presented the distribution and causes of maternal mortality in Islamic Republic of Iran. Materials and methods: After provision of an electronic Registry system for date entry, a descriptive-retrospective data collection had been performed for all maternal Deaths in March 2009- March 2012. All maternal deaths and their demographic characteristic were identified by using medical registries, death certificates, and relevant codes according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) during pregnancy, labor, and 42 days after parturition...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101116/journey-to-motherhood-in-the-first-year-after-child-birth
#10
Nahid Javadifar, Fereshteh Majlesi, Alireza Nikbakht, Saharnaz Nedjat, Ali Montazeri
Objective: Child bearing is a period of psychological challenges that must be viewed in a social context. This study reports the maternal transition from the perspective of Iranian first-time mothers in the first year after childbirth. Materials and methods: Qualitative method was chosen for explanation of mothers' individual experiences of motherhood.26 first-time mothers (aged 18-35 years old with various socio-economic status) who had delivered between 0-1 year prior to the interviews participated in the study...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101115/marital-satisfaction-and-its-influencing-factors-in-fertile-and-infertile-women
#11
Mohammad Amiri, Zakieh Sadeqi, Mohammad Hassan Hoseinpoor, Ahmad Khosravi
Objective: To determine marital satisfaction and its influencing factors among fertile and infertile women in Shahroud. Materials and methods: In this comparative study, 1528 participants (511 infertile and1017 fertile women) were evaluated using Enrich Marital Satisfaction Scale. Data were analyzed using chi-square and t-test. Results: A total of 1402 participants (78.7%) had high marital satisfaction. The results show that no significant differences exist between marital satisfaction, marital communication, conflict resolution and idealistic distortion in fertile and infertile women...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101114/dietary-and-socio-demographic-determinants-of-serum-persistent-organic-pollutants-pops-levels-in-pregnant-women-in-tehran
#12
Bita Eslami, Batool Hossein-Rashidi, Kazem Naddafi, Noushin Rastkari, Abolghasem Djazayeri, Hossein Malekafzali
Objective: To determine the levels of Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and Polybrominateddiphenyl ethers (PBDEs) as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in serum of primiparous women at the third trimester of pregnancy and identify the main determinants of POPs levels such as socio-demographic, lifestyle, and diet in Tehran. Materials and methods: One- hundred eighty five serum samples from two simultaneous case-control studies were collected from September 2013 until August 2015.Ten most abundant PCB congeners (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) congeners 28, 52, 74, 99, 101, 118, 138, 153, 180 and 187) as well as eight PBDE congeners (IUPAC congeners 28, 47, 99, 100, 153, 154, 183 and 209)were analyzed by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS)...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101113/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-pubertal-preparedness-program-in-terms-of-knowledge-and-attitude-regarding-pubertal-changes-among-pre-adolescent-girls
#13
Manisha Rani, Poonam Sheoran, Yogesh Kumar, Navjyot Singh
Objective: To compare the knowledge and attitude regarding pubertal changes among pre - adolescent girls before and after the pubertal preparedness program (PPP) in experimental and comparison group. Materials and methods: A Quasi experimental (non- equivalent comparison group pretest posttest) design was adopted with 104pre-adolescentgirls (52 in each experimental and comparison group) of age 12-14years, selected by purposive sampling from two different Government schools of Ambala District. Knowledge and attitude was assessed using structured knowledge questionnaire (KR-20 = 0...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101112/effect-of-training-preparation-for-childbirth-on-fear-of-normal-vaginal-delivery-and-choosing-the-type-of-delivery-among-pregnant-women-in-hamadan-iran-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Farideh Kazemi, Khodayar Oshvandi, Mozhgan Jalali, Ali Esmaeili-Vardanjani, Hossein Rafiei
Objective: To examine effect of an educational program on pregnant women's fear of normal vaginal delivery. Fear of natural childbirth during pregnancy may increase the risk of caesarean section. Educational programs may be effective in reducing women fear of natural childbirth. Materials and methods: This randomized controlled trial conducted from September 2012 to January 2013 in Hamadan, Iran. One hundred fifty eligible women were randomly assigned to group "A" (Intervention group, n = 75) or group "B" (Control group, n = 75)...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101111/a-randomized-trial-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-local-endometrial-injury-on-the-clinical-pregnancy-rate-of-frozen-embryo-transfer-cycles-in-patients-with-repeated-implantation-failure
#15
Ensieh Shahrokh-Tehraninejad, Minoo Dashti, Batool Hossein-Rashidi, Elham Azimi-Nekoo, Fedyeh Haghollahi, Vahid Kalantari
Objective: Repeated implantation failure (RIF) is a condition in which the embryos implantation decreases in the endometrium. So, our aim was to evaluate the effect of local endometrial injury on embryo transfer results. Materials and methods: In this simple randomized clinical trial (RCT), a total of 120 patients were selected. The participants were less than 40 years old, and they are in their minimum two cycles of vitro fertilization (IVF). Patients were divided randomly into two groups of LEI (Local endometrial injury) and a control group (n = 60 in each group)...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101110/the-best-age-for-pregnancy-and-undue-pressures
#16
Carlo Bellieni
In western countries we assist at the paradox that fertility is socially discouraged by a mindset that depicts fertility as a resource to exploit as late as possible. So, couples have high expectative about the advantages of delayed parenthood, but they are scarcely informed about its risks. Scientific data suggests to anticipate the first pregnancy, but social pressures impose to wait, though delayed childbearing can provoke sterility and a greater gap between generations. The best age to become parents should be autonomously decided by a couple, under the condition of being a free informed choice and not a social imposition, but currently this is not guaranteed to western women and men...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648100/effects-of-community-based-newborn-care-intervention-on-neonate-health-status-in-a-district-of-tehran-iran
#17
Fatemeh Nayeri, Hosein Dalili, Kazem Shahzadeh Fazeli, Shahnaz Delbarpoor Ahmadi, Frozan Akrami, Tahereh Esmailnia, Abbas Habibelahi, Mamak Shariat
Objective: To identify the effects of community-based interventions on the Neonatal Health Index in one district of Tehran-Iran. Materials and methods: A community and healthcare center-based study was carried out from January 2011 through September 2014. The population of the study included newborns from mothers residing in the 4(th) district of Tehran, Iran. Demographic data of mothers and infants were recorded in questionnaires before and after intervention. Interventions were implemented in hospitals, participants' homes, and health centers...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648099/comparing-sexual-function-and-quality-of-life-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-healthy-women
#18
Vida Shafti, Sara Shahbazi
Objective: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders that is associated with different metabolic, reproductive and psychological consequences. The main aim of this study was to compare the sexual function and quality of life in women with polycystic ovary syndrome and healthy women. Materials and methods: This is a causal-comparative study in which 129 women with polycystic ovary syndrome were qualified as the research group. The control group consisted of 125 healthy women...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648098/effects-of-diets-enriched-in-omega-9-or-omega-6-fatty-acids-on-reproductive-process
#19
Seyedeh Neda Mousavi, Fariba Koohdani, Farzad Shidfar, Leila Shafiei-Neek
OBJECTIVE: Maternal type and amounts of dietary fatty acids affect on reproductive process in the mice. The present study investigated the effects of maternal supplementation with different amounts of omega-6 or omega-9 during pregnancy on the number of offspring, sex-ratio and duration of gestation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight-week-old female C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned into four dietary groups including low omega-6 (16%; LO6), low omega-9 (16%; LO9), high omega-6 (45%; HO6) and high omega-9 (45%; HO9) during gestation...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648097/association-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-ectopic-pregnancy
#20
Fariba Nanbakhsh, Tahereh Behrouzi-Lak, Mahsa Tabean, Sima Oshnouei, Pooya Mazlumi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the importance of cytokine type in embryo implantation in uterus specified and activated macrophages interfere the tube movements and embryo retention in uterine tubes by smooth muscle relaxation and disrupting ciliary function. Therefore, increased risk of infection with HP during pregnancy, we investigated relation between Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and prevalence of ectopic pregnancy (EP) in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is cross-sectional study from March 2012 to May 2013...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
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