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Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556170/development-of-a-tool-for-dispelling-myths-associated-with-natal-neonatal-teeth-adunni-a-health-education-video-in-a-native-nigerian-language
#1
O O Bankole, F B Lawal, O Ibiyemi
Studies have revealed that Nigerians irrespective of social class have negative attitudes and practices towards children born with natal teeth and those who erupt teeth within the first 30 days of life. This has been associated with the strong cultural myths and beliefs that exist among the populace. Children with natal teeth and their families have been stigmatized and are believed to be cursed. This stigmatization affects their social life and consequently impacts on their quality of life. Therefore, there is a need to develop an intervention such as a video to help dispel these myths...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556169/liver-cirrhosis-from-autoimmune-hepatitis-in-a-nigerian-woman-a-case-report
#2
A C Jemilohun, O G Adewoye
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a rare cause of chronic liver disease (CLD). It presents with varied clinical features from acute hepatitis to CLDs like chronic viral hepatitis and alcoholic liver disease, making it difficult to diagnose in the absence of a high index of suspicion and adequate laboratory support. Autoantibody-mediated hepatocyte injury is the major feature of AIH. We present a 44 year old woman with recurrent jaundice, ascites, splenomegaly, coagulopathy, negative chronic viral hepatitis screening, elevated IgG and positive anti-smooth muscle antibody...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556168/a-case-report-of-premenarchial-transverse-vaginal-septum-at-the-university-college-hospital-ibadan
#3
O Oloyede, G O Obajimi
Premenarchial Transverse vaginal septum is a benign condition. The septum may be found in the upper, middle or lower vagina. A case report of a premenarchial girl with transverse vaginal septum managed at the university college hospital, Ibadan, in January 2009. Diagnosis was made following a history of primary amenorrhea, cyclical low abdominal pain and pelvic examination which revealed a vaginal septum. She had surgical resection of the vaginal septum and a vaginal stent was left in-situ to keep the vagina patent during the healing process...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556167/the-role-of-employers-in-facilitating-smoking-cessation-among-staff-perspective-of-drivers-in-a-nigerian-university
#4
A O Olumide, Eme T Owoaje
Background: Several interventions have been instituted to encourage smoking cessation among smokers. Many adults are currently working and spend several hours a day at work. Employers thus have a role to play in encouraging staff who smoke to quit. This study investigated the perception of drivers employed in the University of Ibadan, Nigeria on the role of their employers in facilitating smoking cessation among staff who smoke. Method: All 176 drivers employed by the University and who were available on the days of the interviews were interviewed...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556166/prevalence-and-predictors-of-prediabetes-among-administrative-staff-of-a-tertiary-health-centre-southwestern-nigeria
#5
S O Martins, O F Folasire, A E Irabor
Introduction: Prediabetes is a condition in which individuals have blood glucose levels higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes mellitus. Inadequate moderate-intensity physical activity, amidst other risk factors, is a well-documented risk factor for prediabetes. Hospital administrative staff can be particularly vulnerable to prediabetes because of the greater number of hours spent in a sitting or sedentary position during administrative duties. The aim of this study was to find the prevalence of prediabetes and to determine its predictors among administrative staff of a tertiary health centre in southwestern Nigeria...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556165/clinico-pathologic-review-of-biopsied-tongue-lesions-in-a-nigerian-tertiary-hospital
#6
T J Lasisi, T A Abimbola
Background: Varying pathologic conditions can affect the tongue for which the pattern of occurrence may differ. The aim of this study was to review the clinico-pathologic features of histologically diagnosed cases of tongue lesions that presented in our hospital over a 21 years period. Materials and Methods: Data on habits, class of lesion, histological diagnosis, age, gender, and site distributions were analyzed using descriptive frequencies, ranges and means ± SD...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556164/perception-and-utilization-of-oral-histopathology-services-by-general-practice-dentist-in-southwest-nigeria
#7
A O Akinyamoju, B F Adeyemi, A D Odofin, A O Balogun, C A Akinyamoju
Background: Oral histopathology services are oral diagnostic procedures. General Dental Practitioners (GDPs) are routinely exposed to oral lesions that require biopsies. Hence, the study's objective of assessing the perception and the utilization of oral histopathology services by GDPs. Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at dental clinics distributed across Southwest Nigeria. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of sections addressing the socio-demographic/professional aspects; the beliefs of GDPs and their utilization of oral histopathology services was used to collect data...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556163/managing-temporomandibular-joint-dislocation-in-ibadan-a-review-of-11-cases
#8
V N Okoje, T O Aladelusi, T A Abimbola
Aim: The study presents a case series which evaluates the presentation, management and outcome of TMJ dislocation in a tertiary health centre in Nigeria. Materials and methods: Case review of 11 patients with TMJ dislocation seen in the University College Hospital (UCH) Ibadan over a period of 10 years. The criteria for the diagnosis of TMJ dislocation were based on history, clinical examination and radiologic findings. Results: Mean age of patients was 44...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556162/missed-opportunities-for-intermittent-preventive-treatment-for-malaria-in-pregnancy-in-nigeria-evidence-from-demographic-and-health-survey-in-nigeria-2013
#9
O O Olukoya, O A Adebiyi
Background: Malaria is of global health concern particularly among pregnant women. Nigeria contributes largely to global burden but coverage of Intermittent Preventive Treatment of malaria in pregnancy using Sulphadoxine pyrimethamine remains low. This study was conducted to determine the national situation of missed opportunity for IPTp-SP and attempted to look at correlates and predictors. Method: The study used secondary data analysis of the Nigeria Demographic Health Survey, 2013...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556161/assessment-of-measures-of-adiposity-that-correlate-with-blood-pressure-among-hypertensive-africans
#10
A M Adeoye, O Adebayo, M Nwosu, A Adebiyi, M O Owolabi, B O Tayo, B L Salako, A Ogunniyi, R S Cooper
Background: Studies differ on which anthropometric measure of adiposity shows good correlation with cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we evaluated the effects of common epidemiological measures of adiposity as a correlate of elevated blood pressure in an African population. Methodology: The study was carried out between June 2009 and December 2011 at the medical out-patient department of a tertiary healthcare center in Nigeria. Correlation analysis was used to assess the relationship between blood pressure and body mass index (BMI), waist to height ratio (WHtR), and waist circumference (WC)...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556160/making-a-case-for-more-case-reports
#11
EDITORIAL
O F Fagbule
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970774/schistosomiasis-presenting-as-colonic-polypoid-masses-in-a-nigerian-patient
#12
A Akere, A O Oluwasola, T O Fakoya, A Lawan
Intestinal Schistosomiasis is a serious disease and is commonly produced by S. mansoni and japonicum. The presence of viable ova of the organism in the colon elicits inflammation, formation of granuloma, ulcers, haemorrhage and colonic fibrosis with subsequent longterm sequelae. Schistosoma mansoni is endemic in the Middle East, Africa, Central and South America. This is a case of a Nigerian with colonic polypoid masses which turned out to be Schistosomal mansoni infection.
June 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970773/a-case-of-compound-intussusceptions-in-a-nigerian-child-a-rare-finding-in-a-common-disease
#13
K I Egbuchulem, T A Lawal, M C Nweke, A O Adeoye
Intussusception is the most common, non-congenital, cause of intestinal obstruction in infants. There are various patterns of intussusception seen in children with the most common being ileo-colic variety. Compound intussusception in which intussusception involves more than one non-adjacent segment is a rare finding in the literature and it can be associated with worse morbidity than typically occurs, especially in a region where delayed presentation is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in the treatment of intestinal obstruction...
June 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970772/factors-influencing-choice-of-oral-hygiene-products-by-dental-patients-in-a-nigerian-teaching-hospital
#14
O I Opeodu, S O Gbadebo
BACKGROUND: Several factors, such as cost, branding, packaging and family influence, had been implicated as influencing the choice of toothpastes and toothbrushes by individuals. Media advertisement is also considered a very strong factor influencing consumer's choice. AIM: To assess the extent to which some factors influenced the choice of toothpastes and toothbrushes among dental patients in a Nigerian teaching hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-hundred and two patients were interviewed on factors that influenced their choice of toothbrush and toothpaste...
June 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970771/attitudes-of-medical-students-towards-taking-part-time-jobs-a-study-amongst-first-year-clinical-students-of-the-college-of-medicine-university-of-ibadan
#15
K K Kanmodi, A G Akinloye, T O Aladelusi
BACKGROUND: Student part-time jobs are employments taken up by students while in school. Students in tertiary institutions do engage in part-time jobs because of the associated benefits. Some of these benefits include work experience, independence, financial support, and job satisfaction. Different studies have reported different attitudes towards taking part-time jobs among university students. OBJECTIVE: To determine the attitudes of medical students in their first clinical year of study at the University of Ibadan medical school towards taking up parttime medical jobs within the university hospital...
June 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970770/cervical-lymphadenopathy-in-ibadan-nigeria
#16
K O Aramide, M A Ajani, C A Okolo
AIM: To determine the pattern and causes of lymph node enlargement of cervical region in Ibadan, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 10-year (2003-2012) retrospective study was conducted on all head and neck lymph node biopsies received at the Department of Pathology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. RESULTS: A total of 101 lymph node biopsies of cervical region were received within this period of study. 59.4% cases were seen in Males...
June 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970769/pattern-of-referrals-of-head-injury-to-the-university-college-hospital-ibadan
#17
A O Adeleye
BACKGROUND: Although there are now many neurosurgical units in Nigeria, cases of head injury (HI) continue to present in the University College Hospital, UCH, Ibadan, from hospitals all over the country. OBJECTIVE: This report aims to highlight the contemporary patterns of referrals of cases of head injury for neurosurgery in Ibadan. METHOD: The study emanated from an analysis of registry of cases of head injury managed in our practice covering a 7-year period at the UCH Ibadan...
June 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970768/qualitative-and-quantitative-methods-of-suicide-research-in-old-age
#18
A Ojagbemi
This paper examines the merits of the qualitative and quantitative methods of suicide research in the elderly using two studies identified through a free search of the Pubmed database for articles that might have direct bearing on suicidality in the elderly. The studies have been purposively selected for critical appraisal because they meaningfully reflect the quantitative and qualitative divide as well as the social, economic, and cultural boundaries between the elderly living in sub-Saharan Africa and Europe...
June 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970767/outbreak-of-cerebrospinal-meningitis-in-kebbi-state-nigeria
#19
G J Gana, S Badung, A U Bunza, S Gidado, P Nguku
BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM), is a major public health problem still affecting tropical countries particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Group A and occasionally group C account for large scale epidemics in many countries in the African meningitis belt. The study aimed to describe the pattern of cerebrospinal meningitis outbreak in Kebbi state in 2015. METHOD: Information on cases and deaths was collected throughout the duration of the meningitis outbreak in all affected local government areas of Kebbi state...
June 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970766/hand-hygiene-practices-post-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-a-nigerian-teaching-hospital
#20
S O Martins, A O Osiyemi
INTRODUCTION: Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a highly contagious viral infection that requires a high risk perception and practice of good hand hygiene by regular hand washing or use of hand sanitizers for infection control at all time. The declaration of Nigeria as an Ebola-free country by the World Health Organization on the 20th of October, 2014 has prompted many Nigerians, including healthcare workers, to discontinue the regular practice of good hand hygiene which was commonplace during the EVD outbreak...
June 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
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