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Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991902/underwater-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-for-anal-canal-neoplasia-in-a-patient-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#1
Mami Hirai, Yasushi Yamasaki, Keita Harada, Hiroyuki Okada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991901/salvage-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-arising-during-radiofrequency-ablation
#2
Sarra Oumrani, Maximilien Barret, Frédéric Beuvon, Sarah Leblanc, Stanislas Chaussade, Frédéric Prat
Radiofrequency ablation is a recommended treatment option for residual Barrett's esophagus after endoscopic resection of a visible lesion. We herein report 3 cases of esophageal adenocarcinoma arising during the course of radiofrequency ablation, all of which were successfully resected by endoscopic submucosal dissection. Partial or suboptimal response to radiofrequency ablation or early recurrence of Barrett's mucosa after radiofrequency ablation should raise suspicion for adenocarcinoma and lead to consideration of en bloc resection by endoscopic submucosal dissection...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991900/diagnostic-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-is-useful-for-diagnosing-rectal-tonsil
#3
Dai Nakamatsu, Masashi Yamamoto, Tsutomu Nishida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991899/varioliform-gastritis-an-unusual-endoscopic-finding
#4
Philipp Kasper, Heike Loeser, Tobias Goeser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991898/diagnostic-accuracy-of-fine-needle-aspiration-of-solid-pancreatic-lesions-guided-by-endoscopic-ultrasound-elastography
#5
Antonio Facciorusso, Matteo Martina, Rosario Vincenzo Buccino, Maurizio Cosimo Nacchiero, Nicola Muscatiello
Background: Real-time elastography (RTE) may increase the diagnostic accuracy of fine-needle aspiration guided by endoscopic ultrasound. The aim of this study was to establish the diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of this combined methodological approach in a cohort of patients with solid pancreatic masses. Methods: We reviewed data from 54 patients with solid pancreatic lesions referred to our institution between January 2014 and June 2015. RTE, assessed in terms of strain ratio, was performed both qualitatively and semi-quantitatively, and a 25G needle was inserted into the most suspicious part of the lesion...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991897/clinical-profile-and-treatment-outcomes-in-autoimmune-pancreatitis-a-report-from-north-india
#6
Surinder S Rana, Rajesh Gupta, Ritambhra Nada, Pankaj Gupta, Rajinder Basher, Bhagwat R Mittal, Ravi Kumar Sharma, Amit Rawat
Background: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a rare disease, and data from countries like India concerning its clinical presentation and long-term outcomes are scarce. We retrospectively evaluated the clinical presentation, imaging features and treatment outcomes of patients with AIP. Methods: We carried out a retrospective analysis of our database to identify patients diagnosed with and treated for AIP at our unit in a tertiary care hospital in North India. Results: Eighteen patients with AIP (mean age: 54...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991896/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-epidemiology-and-economic-impact-of-inpatient-admissions-for-chronic-pancreatitis-in-the-united-states
#7
Asim Shuja, Asad Ur Rahman, Wasseem Skef, Carmen Smotherman, Jian Guan, Miguel Malespin, Silvio W de Melo
Background: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a chronic, debilitating disorder associated with multiple complications, frequently necessitating hospitalization. The aim of this study was to investigate the longitudinal trends for hospitalization, mean length of stay (LOS), and cost associated with inpatient admissions for CP across the United States. Methods: Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, all hospitalizations between 1997 and 2014 were analyzed. We examined annual data for rate of hospitalization, average LOS and cost for CP inpatient admissions...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991895/muscle-fat-infiltration-assessed-by-total-psoas-density-on-computed-tomography-predicts-mortality-in-cirrhosis
#8
Maria Kalafateli, Andreas Karatzas, Georgios Tsiaoussis, Efstratios Koutroumpakis, Paraskevi Tselekouni, Nikolaos Koukias, Christos Konstantakis, Stelios Assimakopoulos, Charalambos Gogos, Konstantinos Thomopoulos, Christina Kalogeropoulou, Christos Triantos
Background: Ongoing evidence suggests that sarcopenia adversely affects outcomes in cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate muscle fat infiltration as a component of sarcopenia and its prognostic value in this setting. Methods: In 98 consecutive patients with cirrhosis, muscle density was measured during a computed tomography scan at the level of the fourth to fifth lumbar (L4) vertebrae. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to determine predictors of survival...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991894/hepatitis-b-virus-reactivation-in-hbsag-negative-anti-hbc-positive-patients-receiving-immunosuppressive-therapy-a-systematic-review
#9
Evangelos Cholongitas, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Fani Apostolidou-Kiouti, Parthenis Chalevas, George V Papatheodoridis
Background: The optimal management of HBsAg-negative, anti-HBc-positive patients who receive immunosuppression remains unclarified. We systematically reviewed the available data on potential predictors of the risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation in such patients. Methods: A literature search identified 55 studies with 3640 HBsAg-negative, anti-HBc-positive patients who received immunosuppressive regimens. Results: HBV reactivation was reported in 236 (6...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991893/eosinophilic-gastrointestinal-disorder-is-it-what-it-seems-to-be
#10
Stefania Chetcuti Zammit, Monique Cachia, Karen Sapiano, Julia Gauci, Stephen Montefort, Pierre Ellul
Background: Eosinophilic gastroenteropathy is an uncommon condition whose causes can be numerous and non-specific. The aim of the study was to characterize the presence of gastrointestinal disorders in the adult Maltese population and assess the degree of association with atopic diseases. Methods: Adult patients with gastrointestinal eosinophilia in the gastrointestinal tract on histology were identified and their clinical case notes were reviewed. Patients were interviewed and asked questions regarding asthma, allergic rhinitis, and eczema...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991892/differences-in-dietary-habits-between-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-clinical-remission-and-a-healthy-population
#11
Mariabeatrice Principi, Giuseppe Losurdo, Andrea Iannone, Antonella Contaldo, Valentina Deflorio, Nunzio Ranaldo, Antonio Pisani, Enzo Ierardi, Alfredo Di Leo, Michele Barone
Background: Although patients with active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) change their dietary habits according to suggestions from their healthcare team, no restriction is required in the remission phase. Accordingly, we compared eating patterns in IBD patients with drug-induced clinical remission with those in healthy subjects. Methods: A total of 150 IBD patients, 84 with Crohn's disease (CD) and 66 with ulcerative colitis (UC), in clinical remission, receiving immunomodulator/biologic therapy, and 100 healthy volunteers (controls) were enrolled...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991891/artificial-intelligence-diagnosis-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-using-blue-laser-imaging-bright-and-linked-color-imaging-a-single-center-prospective-study
#12
Hirotaka Nakashima, Hiroshi Kawahira, Hiroshi Kawachi, Nobuhiro Sakaki
Background: Deep learning is a type of artificial intelligence (AI) that imitates the neural network in the brain. We generated an AI to diagnose Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) infection using blue laser imaging (BLI)-bright and linked color imaging (LCI). The aim of this pilot study was to establish an AI diagnosing system that predicts H. pylori infection status using endoscopic images to improve the accuracy and productivity of endoscopic examination. Methods: A total of 222 enrolled subjects (105 H...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991890/can-the-upper-esophageal-sphincter-contractile-integral-help-classify-achalasia
#13
Tania Triantafyllou, Charalampos Theodoropoulos, Apostolos Mantides, Demosthenis Chrysikos, Spyridon Smparounis, Konstantinos Filis, Georgios Zografos, Dimitrios Theodorou
Background: The use of high-resolution manometry (HRM) in achalasia patients has revealed abnormal findings concerning upper esophageal sphincter (UES) function. The introduction of the UES contractile integral (UES-CI), as with the distal contractile integral (DCI), may complement the interpretation of the manometric study of achalasia subtypes, defined by the Chicago Classification v3.0. Methods: Patients were classified into achalasia subtypes based on HRM. UES length (cm), UES resting pressure (mmHg), and UES residual pressure (mmHg) were recorded...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991889/occupation-associated-health-hazards-for-the-gastroenterologist-endoscopist
#14
REVIEW
Emmanuel Ofori, Daryl Ramai, Febin John, Madhavi Reddy, Vishal Ghevariya
Advances in the field of endoscopy have allowed gastroenterologists to obtain detailed imaging of anatomical structures and to treat gastrointestinal diseases with endoscopic therapies. However, these technological developments have exposed endoscopists and staff to hazards such as musculoskeletal injuries, exposure to infectious agents, and ionizing radiation. We aimed to review the occupational hazards for the gastroenterologist and endoscopist. Using PubMed, Medline, Medscape, and Google Scholar, we identified peer-reviewed articles with the keywords "occupational hazards," "health hazards," "occupational health hazards," "endoscopy," "gastroenterologist," "infectious agents," "musculoskeletal injuries," and "radiation...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991888/gastrointestinal-and-biliary-granular-cell-tumor-diagnosis-and-management
#15
REVIEW
Mohamed Barakat, Abdullah Abu Kar, Seyedmohammad Pourshahid, Sanaz Ainechi, Hwa Jeong Lee, Mohamed Othman, Micheal Tadros
Granular cell tumors (GCTs) are generally thought to be of Schwann cell origin and are typically S-100 positive. Up to 11% of these tumors affect the gastrointestinal tract, most commonly the esophagus, colon, and stomach. While GCTs are mostly benign, malignant and metastatic GCTs have been reported. GCTs are usually found incidentally during esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy, imaging studies or during the evaluation of non-specific symptoms. Endoscopically, they are typically yellow in appearance with intact mucosa...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991887/efficacy-and-safety-of-lumen-apposing-metal-stent-for-benign-gastrointestinal-stricture
#16
REVIEW
Deepanshu Jain, Upen Patel, Sara Ali, Abhinav Sharma, Manan Shah, Shashideep Singhal
Management of benign gastrointestinal (GI) strictures refractory to primary (balloon and savary dilation) and secondary (steroid injection, fully covered self-expanding metal stent, incision therapy) treatment modalities remains a challenge. Lumen-apposing metal stents (LAMSs), originally designed for the management of pancreatic fluid collections, are an attractive option for GI stricture because of their anti-migratory property, attributable to their saddle-shaped design. In this article, we reviewed 70 patients from 12 original studies who received LAMS for refractory (68/70) or treatment-naïve (2/70) benign GI stricture...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991886/is-top-down-therapy-a-more-effective-alternative-to-conventional-step-up-therapy-for-crohn-s-disease
#17
REVIEW
Jonathan Jenkin Tsui, Hien Q Huynh
The management of Crohn's disease involves immunosuppressive protocols in a step-up approach that progresses through a therapeutic pyramid with several tiers of medication. Medications at the top are considered more potent but present greater risk. A new top-down approach to therapy inverts this procedure, using top-tier drugs for initial treatment. A critical appraisal of the current literature relating to top-down therapy was performed to evaluate its merit. A literature search was conducted on PubMed, Ovid, and PubMed Central to identify studies of the efficacy of top-down therapy...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991885/human-taeniasis-cysticercosis-a-potentially-emerging-parasitic-disease-in-europe
#18
REVIEW
Isaia Symeonidou, Konstantinos Arsenopoulos, Dimitrios Tzilves, Barbara Soba, Sarah Gabriël, Elias Papadopoulos
Taenia saginata (T. saginata)/Taenia solium ( T. solium ) taeniasis/cysticercosis disease complexes remain a significant challenge for food safety and public health. Human taeniasis is an infectious disease caused by the ingestion of the metacestode larval stage, the cysticerci of T. saginata in beef or T. solium in pork. Humans can also become infected via the ingestion of T. solium eggs. In this case, the cysticerci can establish in the central nervous system, causing the infection called neurocysticercosis...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991884/small-bowel-imaging-in-crohn-s-disease-patients
#19
REVIEW
James Gauci, Lara Sammut, Martina Sciberras, Naomi Piscopo, Kristian Micallef, Kelvin Cortis, Pierre Ellul
Crohn's disease (CD) is a lifelong, chronic inflammatory bowel disorder. The small bowel (SB) is involved to varying extents, and the clinical course may vary from an inflammatory type to a more complicated one with stricture, fistula, and abscess formation. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and ileocolonoscopy with biopsies are the conventional endoscopic techniques that usually establish the diagnosis. On the other hand, CD may affect SB segments that cannot be reached through these procedures. Video capsule endoscopy and enteroscopy are additional endoscopic techniques that may allow further SB evaluation in such circumstances...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991883/gastrointestinal-diseases-during-pregnancy-what-does-the-gastroenterologist-need-to-know
#20
REVIEW
Catarina Frias Gomes, Mónica Sousa, Inês Lourenço, Diana Martins, Joana Torres
Pregnancy is characterized by numerous physiological changes that may lead to a diversity of symptoms and frequently to gastrointestinal complaints, such as heartburn, nausea and vomiting, or constipation. Chronic gastrointestinal diseases require treatment maintenance during this period, raising the challenging question whether outcomes beneficial to the mother may be harmful for the fetus. In addition, certain diseases, such as acute fatty liver of pregnancy, only develop during pregnancy and may require urgent procedures, such as fetus delivery...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
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