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Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381891/molecular-and-functional-characterization-of-the-adiponectin-adipoq-gene-in-goat-skeletal-muscle-satellite-cells
#1
Linjie Wang, Ke Xue, Yan Wang, Lili Niu, Li Li, Tao Zhong, Jiazhong Guo, Jing Feng, Tianzeng Song, Hongping Zhang
Objective: It is commonly accepted that adiponectin binds to its two receptors to regulate fatty acid metabolism in adipocytes. To better understand their functions in the regulation of intramuscular adipogenesis in goats, we cloned the three genes (AdipoQ, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2) encoding these proteins and detected their mRNA distribution in different tissues. We also determined the role of AdipoQ in the adipogenic differentiation of goat skeletal muscle satellite cells (SMSCs). Methods: SMSCs were isolated using 1 mg/ml Pronase E from the longissimus dorsi muscles of 3-day-old female Nanjiang brown goats...
January 30, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381907/comparison-of-microbial-communities-in-swine-manure-at-various-temperatures-and-storage-times
#2
Joung-Soo Lim, Seung Hak Yang, Bong-Soo Kim, Eun Young Lee
Objective: This study was designed to investigate the effects of temperature and storage time on the evolution of bacterial communities in swine manure. Methods: Manure was stored at -20°C, 4°C, 20°C, or 37°C and sampled at 7-day intervals over 28 days of storage, for a total of 5 time points. To assess the bacterial species present, 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequences were analyzed using pyrosequencing. Results: After normalization, 113,934 sequence reads were obtained, with an average length of 466...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381906/feeding-di-ammonium-phosphate-as-a-phosphorous-source-in-finishing-lambs-reduced-excretion-of-phosphorus-in-feces-without-detrimental-effects-on-animal-performance
#3
Abolfazl Koolivand, Mojtaba Yari, Saeed Khalaji, Arjan Jonker
Objective: Phosphorous (P) sources with greater bioavailability might increase animal production efficiency and decrease environmental pollution. The objective of current study was to determine animal performance, nutrient digestibility, blood metabolites and fecal P concentration in finishing lambs fed a diet with either di-calcium phosphate (DCP) or di-ammonium phosphate (DAP) as a P source. Methods: Twelve 4-month-old male lambs (initial body weight 24.87±3...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381905/genetic-diversity-analysis-of-thai-indigenous-chickens-based-on-complete-sequences-of-mitochondrial-dna-d-loop-region
#4
Piyanat Teinlek, Kannika Siripattarapravat, Chanin Tirawattanawanich
Objective: Complete mtDNA D-loop sequences of four Thai indigenous chicken varieties, including Pra-dhu-hang-dam (PD), Leung-hang-khao (LK), Chee (CH) and Dang (DA) were explored for genetic diversity and relationships with their potential ancestor and possible associates so to address chicken domestication in Thailand. Methods: A total of 220 complete mtDNA D-loop sequences of the 4 Thai indigenous chicken varieties were obtained by Sanger direct sequencing of PCR amplicons of 1231-1232 base pair in size...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381904/genetic-parameter-estimation-for-milk-%C3%AE-hydroxybutyrate-and-acetone-in-early-lactation-and-its-association-with-fat-to-protein-ratio-and-energy-balance-in-korean-holstein-cattle
#5
Umanthi Ranaraja, KwangHyun Cho, MiNa Park, SiDong Kim, SeokHyun Lee, Chang Hee Do
objective: The objective of this study was to estimate the genetic parameters for milk β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), acetone (Ac), fat protein ratio (FPR) and energy balance (EB) using milk test day records and investigate the effect of early lactation FPR and EB on milk ketone body concentrations. Methods: Total 262,940 test-day records collected from Korea Animal Improvement Association (KAIA) during the period of 2012 to 2016 were used in this study. BHBA and Ac concentrations in milk were measured by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381903/a-demonstration-of-the-h3-trimethylation-chip-seq-analysis-of-galline-follicular-mesenchymal-cells-and-male-germ-cells
#6
Kaj Chokeshaiusaha, Denis Puthier, Catherine Nguyen, Thanida Sananmuang
Objective: Trimethylation of histone 3 (H3) at 4th lysine N-termini (H3K4me3) in gene promoter region was the universal marker of active genes specific to cell lineage. On the contrary, coexistence of trimethylation at 27th lysine (H3K27me3) in the same loci-the bivalent H3K4m3/H3K27me3 was known to suspend the gene transcription in germ cells, and could also be inherited to the developed stem cell. In galline species, throughout example of H3K4m3 and H3K27me3 ChIP-seq analysis was still not provided...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381902/additivity-of-values-for-phosphorus-digestibility-in-corn-soybean-meal-and-canola-meal-in-diets-fed-to-growing-pigs
#7
Yue She, Qiuyun Wang, Hans H Stein, Ling Liu, Defa Li, Shuai Zhang
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the apparent and standardized total tract digestibility (ATTD and STTD) of phosphorus (P) in corn, soybean meal (SBM), and canola meal (CM), and additivity of values for ATTD and STTD of P in corn, SBM, and CM in diets fed to growing pigs. Methods: Thirty-six growing barrows (initial BW of 21.6 ± 1.7 kg) were placed in metabolism crates and allotted to a completely randomized design with 6 diets and 6 pigs per diet...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381901/dietary-supplementation-of-pigs-with-the-docosahexaenoic-rich-microalgae-aurantiochytrium-limacinum-effects-on-performance-carcass-characteristics-and-tissue-fatty-acid-profile
#8
Colm Anthony Moran, Mauro Morlacchini, Jason D Keegan, Giorgio Fusconi
Objective: The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation with the docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-rich microalgae, Aurantiochytrium limacinum (AURA) on pig performance, carcass traits, and the fatty acid composition of pork Longissimus lumborum (LL) and backfat. Methods: A total of 144 PIC x Goland finishing pigs (72 females and 72 castrated males) of mean weight 117.1 (±13.1) kg were blocked by sex and body weight and provided with 0% or 1% AURA in isonutritive and isocaloric diets...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381900/effects-of-different-dietary-ratio-of-metabolizable-glucose-and-metabolizable-protein-on-growth-performance-rumen-fermentation-blood-biochemical-indices-and-ruminal-microbiota-of-8-to-10-month-old-heifers
#9
Jie Sun, Jinhao Xu, Rufang Ge, Hongrong Wang, Mengzhi Wang, Lihuai Yu
Objective: The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of different dietary ratios of metabolizable glucose (MG) to metabolizable protein (MP) on growth performance, blood metabolites, rumen fermentation parameters and the ruminal microbial community of 8 to 10-month-old heifers. Methods: A total of 24 Holstein heifers weighing an average of 282.90 kg (8 month of age) were randomly assigned to four groups of six. The heifers were fed one of four diets of different dietary MG/MP (0...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381899/identification-of-quantitative-trait-loci-for-the-fatty-acid-composition-in-korean-native-chicken
#10
Shil Jin, Dongwon Seo, Nu Ri Choi, Prabuddha Manjula, Muhammad Cahyadi, Samooel Jung, Cheorun Jo, Jun Heon Lee, Hee Bok Park
Objective: Fatty acid composition is one of the most important meat quality traits because it can contribute to functional, sensorial, and nutritional factors. In this study, quantitative trait locus (QTL) analyses for fatty acid composition traits were investigated in thigh and breast meat of Korean native chicken (KNC). Methods: In total, 18 fatty acid composition traits were investigated from each meat sample using 88 parents, and 595 F1 chicks of 20 week old...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381898/effect-of-natural-pre-converted-nitrite-sources-on-color-development-in-raw-and-cooked-pork-sausage
#11
Ko-Eun Hwang, Tae-Kyung Kim, Hyun-Wook Kim, Dong-Ho Seo, Young-Boong Kim, Ki-Hong Jeon, Yun-Sang Choi
Objective: The effect of pre-converted nitrites from natural sources (spinach, lettuce, celery, and red beet) on color development in raw and cooked pork sausage was investigated in this study. Methods: The pork sausage was manufactured with six treatments: NC (negative control, nitrite free), PC (positive control, 150 ppm sodium nitrite), FS (3.0% fermented spinach extracts), FL (3.0% fermented lettuce extracts), FC (3.0% fermented celery extracts), and FR (3.0% fermented red beet extracts)...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381897/effects-of-dietary-%C3%AE-mannanase-supplementation-on-the-additivity-of-true-metabolizable-energy-values-for-broiler-diets
#12
Byung Bo Lee, Tae Sung Yang, Doyun Goo, Franco Martinez Pitargue, Hyunjung Jung, Dong Yong Kil, Hyeon Seok Choi
Objective: This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of dietary β-mannanase on the additivity of true metabolizable energy (TME) and nitrogen-corrected true metabolizable energy (TMEn) for broiler diets. Methods: A total of 144 21-day-old broilers were randomly allotted to 12 dietary treatments with 6 replicates. Five treatments consisted of 5 ingredients of corn, wheat, soybean meal, corn distillers dried grains with solubles, or corn gluten meal...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381896/effects-of-dietary-spermine-supplementation-on-cell-cycle-apoptosis-and-amino-acid-transporters-of-the-thymus-and-spleen-in-piglets
#13
Wei Cao, Xianjian Wu, Gang Jia, Hua Zhao, Xiaoling Chen, Caimei Wu, Jingyi Cai, Jing Wang, Guangmang Liu
Objective: This study investigated whether spermine supplementation could regulate cell cycle, apoptosis, and amino acid transporter-related genes expression in the thymus and spleen of early weaned piglets. Methods: Eighty female piglets were randomly distributed to receive adequate nutrients supplemented with spermine (0.4 mmol kg-1 body weight 24h-1) or to be provided with restricted nourishment supplemented with normal saline for 7 h or 3, 6, or 9 d in pairs...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381895/effect-of-inoculants-and-storage-temperature-on-the-microbial-chemical-and-mycotoxin-composition-of-corn-silage
#14
Musen Wang, Shengyang Xu, Tianzheng Wang, Tingting Jia, Zhenzhen Xu, Xue Wang, Zhu Yu
Objective: To evaluate the effect of lactic acid bacteria and storage temperature on the microbial, chemical and mycotoxin composition of corn silage. Methods: Corn was harvested at 32.8% dry matter, and chopped to 1-2 cm. The chopped material was subjected to three treatments: (1) control (distilled water); (2) 1 × 106 colony forming units g-1 of Lactobacillus plantarum; (3) 1 × 106 colony forming units g-1 of Pediococcus pentosaceus. Treatments in triplicate were ensiled for 55 d at 20, 28 and 37°C in 1-L polythene jars following packing to a density of approximately 800 kg m-3 of fresh matter, respectively...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381894/effect-of-broussonetia-papyrifera-l-paper-mulberry-silage-on-dry-matter-intake-milk-composition-antioxidant-capacity-and-milk-fatty-acid-profile-in-dairy-cows
#15
Bingwen Si, Hui Tao, Xiaoli Zhang, Jiangpeng Guo, Kai Cui, Yan Tu, Qi-Yu Diao
This study was carried out to investigate the possible application of B. papyrifera silage as a functional feeding stuff in the dairy cattle. 72 Holstein cows were divided into four groups randomly and allocated in 6 pens with 3 individuals in each group, and fed on the original TMR in the dairy farm or the new TMR with 5%, 10% and 15% B. papyrifera silage, separately. Dry matter intake of cows decreased when they fed on diet with B. papyrifera, but no differences were observed in body condition score, milk yield, milk protein and lactose, feed efficiency and serum metabolites between groups...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381893/effects-of-dietary-fiber-levels-on-cecal-microbiota-composition-in-geese
#16
Yanpin Li, Haiming Yang, Lei Xu, Zhiyue Wang, Yue Zhao, Xiaoshuai Chen
Objective: This study shows the effects of dietary fiber levels on cecal microbiota composition in geese at day 70 according to pyrosequencing of the 16S ribosomal RNA gene. Methods: A total of 468 1-day-old healthy male Yangzhou goslings with similar body weight were randomly divided into 3 groups with 6 replicates per group and 26 geese per replicate. Geese were fed diets with fiber levels of 2.5% (Low fiber level diet, Group I) and 6.1% (Group III) during days 1-70, respectively, or 4...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381892/methodology-effects-on-determining-the-energy-concentration-and-the-apparent-total-tract-digestibility-of-components-in-diets-fed-to-growing-pigs
#17
Chengfei Huang, Ping Li, Xiao Kang Ma, Neil William Jaworski, Hans Henrik Stein, Chang Hua Lai, Jin Biao Zhao, Shuai Zhang
Objective: An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of different diet formulations: F1 (Two complicated basal diets containing different CP levels plus tested feedstuff) vs F2 (A simple corn soybean meal basal diet plus tested feedstuff) combined with total collection (TC) or chromic oxide (Cr2O3) marker or acid-insoluble ash (AIA) marker method, and freeze-dry (FD) or oven-dry (OD) technique on estimation of nutrient digestibility in diets fed to growing pigs. Methods: In F1, twelve barrows were allocated to two 6 × 4 Youden Squares...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268592/the-effects-of-low-protein-diets-and-protease-supplementation-on-broiler-chickens-in-a-hot-and-humid-tropical-environment
#18
Fang Lin Law, Idrus Zulkifli, Abdoreza Farjam Soleimani, Juan Boo Liang, Elmutaz Atta Awad
Objective: This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary crude protein (CP) level and exogenous protease supplementation on growth performance, serum metabolites, carcass traits, small intestinal morphology and endogenous protease activity in broiler chickens reared under a tropical climate. Methods: A total of 480 day-old male broiler chicks were randomly assigned to eight dietary treatments in a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement. The main effects were CP level (21...
December 19, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268591/a-genome-wide-association-study-of-social-genetic-effects-in-landrace-pigs
#19
Joon Ki Hong, Yong Dae Jeong, Eun Seok Cho, Tae Jeong Choi, Yong Min Kim, Kyu Ho Cho, Jae Bong Lee, Hyun Tae Lim, Deuk Hwan Lee
Objective: The genetic effects of an individual on the phenotypes of its social partners, such as its pen mates, are known as social genetic effects. This study aims to identify the candidate genes for social (pen-mates') average daily gain (ADG) in pigs by using the genome-wide association approach. Method: Social ADG (sADG) was the average ADG of unrelated pen-mates (strangers). We used the phenotype data (16,802 records) after correcting for batch (week), sex, pen, number of strangers (1-7 pigs) in the pen, full-sib rate (0-80%) within pen, and age at the end of the test...
December 19, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268590/morphological-defects-of-sperm-and-their-association-with-motility-fertility-and-hatchability-in-four-korean-native-chicken-breeds
#20
Shiferaw Garoma Feyisa, Young Hyun Park, Young Min Kim, Bo Ram Lee, Kyung Min Jung, Seong Bok Choi, Chang Yeon Cho, Jae Yong Han
Objective: This study was conducted to compare morphological defects, viability, motility (MOT), fertility (F) and hatchability (H) in four Korean native chicken breeds, and to evaluate whether defective segments of spermatozoa are associated with MOT, F and H. Methods: Four Korean native chicken breeds including Korean Ogye (KO), Hwangbong (HB), Hyunin Black (HH) and Hoengseong Yakdak (HY) and White Leghorn (WL) as a control were used. Nine cocks from each breed were randomly assigned into three groups...
December 19, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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