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NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343739/qualitative-systematic-review-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-self-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-views-of-patients-and-healthcare-professionals
#1
REVIEW
Siân Russell, Oladapo J Ogunbayo, James J Newham, Karen Heslop-Marshall, Paul Netts, Barbara Hanratty, Fiona Beyer, Eileen Kaner
Self-management interventions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can improve quality of life, reduce hospital admissions, and improve symptoms. However, many factors impede engagement for patients and practitioners. Qualitative research, with its focus on subjective experience, can provide invaluable insights into such factors. Therefore, a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative evidence on COPD self-management from the perspective of patients, carers, and practitioners was conducted. Following a systematic search and screening, 31 studies were appraised and data extracted for analysis...
January 17, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323120/solving-the-mystery-of-the-yellow-zone-of-the-asthma-action-plan
#2
Samir Gupta, Alan Kaplan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255205/associations-between-self-rated-health-sickness-behaviour-and-inflammatory-markers-in-primary-care-patients-with-allergic-asthma-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Karin Lodin, Mats Lekander, Jörgen Syk, Kjell Alving, Anna Andreasson
Allergic asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder associated with elevated levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE), serum eosinophilic cationic protein (S-ECP), plasma eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (P-EDN) and fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO). Poor self-rated health and sickness behaviour has repeatedly been associated with inflammatory markers, but the nature of this relationship in chronic inflammatory disease is not known. Likewise, such findings largely rely on cross-sectional investigations. Self-rated health (How would you rate your general state of health?), sickness behaviour (mean rating of satisfaction with energy, sleep, fitness, appetite and memory), IgE, S-ECP, P-EDN, and FENO were assessed in 181 non-smoking primary care patients with asthma in a 1-year longitudinal study...
December 18, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247229/salford-lung-study-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-sls-copd-follow-up-interviews-on-patient-centred-outcomes
#4
Lynda Doward, Henrik Svedsater, Diane Whalley, Rebecca Crawford, David Leather, James Lay-Flurrie, Nick Bosanquet
This study investigated patient perceptions, experiences and management of COPD throughout the SLS COPD study. Follow-up interviews were conducted with 400 patients who completed SLS COPD; a mixed-methods approach was used to collect quantitative and qualitative information. Structured interviews using closed-ended questions were conducted with 360 patients, detailing aspects of background/lifestyle information and COPD. Extended interviews containing open-ended questions on perceptions of COPD and quality of life (QoL) in addition to the closed-ended questions were completed by 40 further patients...
December 15, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222436/weekly-self-measurement-of-fev1-and-pef-and-its-impact-on-acq-asthma-control-questionnaire-scores-12-week-observational-study-with-76-patients
#5
Christoph Ulrich Werner, Klaus Linde, Julia Schäffner, Constanze Storr, Antonius Schneider
The "Asthma Control Questionnaire" (ACQ) is a very common questionnaire for assessing asthma control. This study compares different ACQ versions in a self-monitoring program over a 12-week period combining them with patients' self-measurements of peak expiratory flow (PEF) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1). The objective was to test the feasibility of FEV1-self-measurements and to compare ACQ versions regarding possible additional information given by lung function. In this prospective multicenter observational study 100 adult asthma patients, recruited at six family practices and two pulmologists' private practices in Germany, completed the ACQ weekly, performing self-measurements of PEF and FEV1...
December 8, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208935/author-correction-the-impact-of-poor-asthma-control-among-asthma-patients-treated-with-inhaled-corticosteroids-plus-long-acting-%C3%AE-2-agonists-in-the-united-kingdom-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#6
Ian D Pavord, Nicola Mathieson, Anna Scowcroft, Riccardo Pedersini, Gina Isherwood, David Price
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this article.
December 5, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258278/singing-as-a-rehabilitation-method-from-the-viewpoint-of-avicenna-980-1037-ad
#7
LETTER
Narjes Gorji, Reihaneh Moeini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235977/use-of-concomitant-inhaled-corticosteroids-pooled-data-from-two-phase-iii-studies-of-aclidinium-plus-formoterol-in-copd
#8
Anthony D'Urzo, Dave Singh, Esther Garcia Gil
Bronchodilator therapy is the backbone of the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In some patients, inhaled corticosteroids can be prescribed in combination with bronchodilators. Through a subgroup analysis of pooled data from two large phase III clinical trials of bronchodilator therapy according to concomitant inhaled corticosteroid use (user vs. non-user), we sought to evaluate the clinical benefit of adding inhaled corticosteroids to dual bronchodilator therapy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
December 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209999/activating-primary-care-copd-patients-with-multi-morbidity-apcom-pilot-project-study-protocol
#9
Sameera Ansari, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Sarah Dennis, Nicholas Zwar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202995/call-to-action-improving-primary-care-for-women-with-copd
#10
REVIEW
Ioanna Tsiligianni, Miguel Román Rodríguez, Karin Lisspers, Tze LeeTan, Antonio Infantino
In this perspective-based article, which is based on findings from a comprehensive literature search, we discuss the significant and growing burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in women worldwide. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease now affects both men and women almost equally. Despite this, there remains an outdated perception of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as a male-dominated disease. Primary care physicians play a central role in overseeing the multidisciplinary care of women with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
December 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184046/investigating-the-accuracy-risk-impact-and-cost-effectiveness-of-component-resolved-diagnostic-test-for-food-allergy-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Javier Flores Kim, Bright I Nwaru, Nicola McCleary, Andrew Stoddart, Aziz Sheikh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174423/gesap-trial-rationale-and-methodology-management-of-patients-with-suspected-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-primary-care-units-compared-to-sleep-units
#12
Núria Tarraubella, Jordi de Batlle, Núria Nadal, Anabel L Castro-Grattoni, Silvia Gómez, Manuel Sánchez-de-la-Torre, Ferran Barbé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138132/breathing-space-a-practical-approach-to-the-breathless-patient
#13
REVIEW
Nicholas S Hopkinson, Noel Baxter
Breathlessness is a common symptom that may have multiple causes in any one individual and causes that may change over time. Breathlessness campaigns encourage people to see their General Practitioner if they are unduly breathless. Members of the London Respiratory Network collaborated to develop a tool that would encourage a holistic approach to breathlessness, which was applicable both at the time of diagnosis and during ongoing management. This has led to the development of the aide memoire "Breathing SPACE", which encompasses five key themes-smoking, pulmonary disease, anxiety/psychosocial factors, cardiac disease, and exercise/fitness...
December 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138131/blue-inhalers-blowing-hot-and-cold
#14
LETTER
Salina Ahmed, Hani Salim, Liz Steed, Hilary Pinnock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167434/overweight-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-needs-more-attention-a-cross-sectional-study-in-general-practice
#15
Lisa D M Verberne, Chantal J Leemrijse, Ilse C S Swinkels, Christel E van Dijk, Dinny H de Bakker, Mark M J Nielen
Guidelines for management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) primarily focus on the prevention of weight loss, while overweight and obesity are highly prevalent in patients with milder stages of COPD. This cross-sectional study examines the association of overweight and obesity with the prevalence of comorbid disorders and prescribed medication for obstructive airway disease, in patients with mild to moderate COPD. Data were used from electronic health records of 380 Dutch general practices in 2014...
November 22, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138431/modelling-the-effect-of-beliefs-about-asthma-medication-and-treatment-intrusiveness-on-adherence-and-preference-for-once-daily-vs-twice-daily-medication
#16
Sarah Chapman, Peter Dale, Henrik Svedsater, Gillian Stynes, Nicola Vyas, David Price, Rob Horne
People with asthma who do not adhere to their maintenance medication may experience poorer asthma control and need more healthcare support than those who adhere. People (N = 1010) aged 18-55 years with self-reported asthma, taking one or more asthma maintenance medication(s), from five European countries, participated in a survey using validated scales (Medication Adherence Report Scale [MARS], Asthma Control Test™ [ACT], Beliefs about Medicine Questionnaire [BMQ] and the Asthma Treatment Intrusiveness Questionnaire [ATIQ])...
November 14, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138407/spirometry-is-not-enough-to-diagnose-copd-in-epidemiological-studies-a-follow-up-study
#17
Elena Andreeva, Marina Pokhaznikova, Anatoly Lebedev, Irina Moiseeva, Olga Kuznetsova, Jean-Marie Degryse
A hallmark of the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the measurement of post-bronchodilator (post-BD) airflow obstruction (AO) by spirometry, but spirometry is not enough for the provision of a clinical diagnosis. In the majority of previous epidemiological studies, COPD diagnosis has been based on spirometry and a few clinical characteristics. The aim of our study was to identify outcomes in patients newly diagnosed with airflow obstruction (AO) based on a diagnostic work-up conducted as part of a population-based cross-sectional study in North-Western Russia...
November 14, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061968/comprehensive-assessment-of-the-safety-of-olodaterol-5%C3%A2-%C3%A2%C2%B5g-in-the-respimat%C3%A2-device-for-maintenance-treatment-of-copd-comparison-with-the-long-acting-%C3%AE-2-agonist-formoterol
#18
Andrea Koch, Henrik Watz, M Reza Maleki-Yazdi, Ulrich Bothner, Kay Tetzlaff, Florian Voß, Lorcan McGarvey
This analysis provides a comprehensive clinical assessment of the long-term safety of the licensed dose of olodaterol (5 µg once daily [QD] via Respimat® inhaler) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease by exploring the occurrence of acknowledged side effects of long-acting β2-agonists as well as those included in the olodaterol and formoterol labels. We analysed pooled data from two replicate, double-blind studies of olodaterol (5 µg QD via Respimat®) compared to formoterol (12 µg twice daily [BID]) or placebo over 48 weeks (1222...
October 23, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038512/levels-of-exhaled-carbon-monoxide-measured-during-an-intervention-program-predict-1-year-smoking-cessation-a-retrospective-observational-cohort-study
#19
Huei-Guan Shie, Sheng-Wei Pan, Wen-Kuang Yu, Wei-Chih Chen, Li-Ing Ho, Hsin-Kuo Ko
Life-long smoking cessation is a critical public health objective, but it is difficult for numerous people. This study aimed to identify the independent predictors of 1-year abstinence in smokers motivated to quit and participating in an intervention program. This 6-year retrospective observational cohort study was conducted in smokers who participated in an intervention program. The exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) was sequentially measured on day 1, 8, 15, and 22 of the intervention program. The primary outcome measure was smoking status at 1 year of follow-up...
October 16, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021576/the-recording-and-characteristics-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-copd-using-the-health-information-network-thin-primary-care-database
#20
Ali Hakamy, Tricia M McKeever, Jack E Gibson, Charlotte E Bolton
Pulmonary rehabilitation is recommended for patients with COPD to improve physical function, breathlessness and quality of life. Using The Health Information Network (THIN) primary care database in UK, we compared the demographic and clinical parameters of patients with COPD in relation to coding of pulmonary rehabilitation, and to investigate whether there is a survival benefit from pulmonary rehabilitation. We identified patients with COPD, diagnosed from 2004 and extracted information on demographics, pulmonary rehabilitation and clinical parameters using the relevant Read codes...
October 11, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
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