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Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Wen-Ling Chen, Fang-Yu Bai, Ying-Chia Chang, Pau-Chung Chen, Chia-Yang Chen
This study quantified five perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) and two perfluorosulfonic acids in cereals, meats, seafood, eggs, pork liver, and milk in Taiwan using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and evaluated the dietary exposure of the general population and pregnant women using per capita consumption and a questionnaire, respectively. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and PFCAs of 10-12 carbons were found in almost all of the samples in considerable concentrations in rice and pork liver, reaching as high as 283 ng/g (PFOA in pork liver); the levels are two to three orders of magnitude higher than previous reports...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Jerome G Ganzon, Lih-Geeng Chen, Ching-Chiung Wang
Mulberry (Morus alba L.) leaves are widely used as herbal tea to prevent heat stroke. Potential chemical markers of the antioxidant properties and its correlation with harvesting times and leaf location were explored in this study. A 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging assay guided isolation of mulberry leaves extract provided five phenolic compounds: 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid (1), 4-O-caffeoylquinic acid (2), gastrodin (3), isoquercetin (4) and rutin (5). The 50% radical-scavenging concentrations (SC50 ) of these compounds were 32...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Li-Chun Wang, Tzu-Ming Pan, Tsung-Yu Tsai
Obesity is associated with higher risks of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Green tea, rich in polyphenolic compounds such as epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and epigallocatechin (EGC), has been shown to display anti-obesity effects. Houttuynia cordata leaves have also been shown to exhibit anti-obesity effects due to their chlorogenic acid content. Lactic acid bacteria are able to increase the production of polyphenolic compounds. This study aims to develop a novel anti-obesity fermentation product by combining H...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Jiang Ma, Qingsu Xia, Peter P Fu, Ge Lin
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are phytotoxins identified in over 6000 plant species worldwide. Approximately 600 toxic PAs and PA N-oxides have been identified in about 3% flowering plants. PAs can cause toxicities in different organs particularly in the liver. The metabolic activation of PAs is catalyzed by hepatic cytochrome P450 and generates reactive pyrrolic metabolites that bind to cellular proteins to form pyrrole-protein adducts leading to PA-induced hepatotoxicity. The mechanisms that pyrrole-protein adducts induce toxicities have not been fully characterized...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Gow-Chin Yen, Chiung-Man Tsai, Chi-Cheng Lu, Chia-Jui Weng
From several decades ago to now, cancer continues to be the leading cause of death worldwide, and metastasis is the major cause of cancer-related deaths. For health benefits, there is a great desire to use non-chemical therapy such as nutraceutical supplementation to prevent pathology development. Over 10,000 different natural bioactives or phytochemicals have been known that possessing potential preventive or supplementary effects for various diseases including cancer. Previously, the in vitro and in vivo anti-invasive and anti-metastatic activities of phenolic acids, monophenol, polyphenol and their derivatives and flavonoids and their derivatives have been reviewed...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Rout George Kerry, Jayanta Kumar Patra, Sushanto Gouda, Yooheon Park, Han-Seung Shin, Gitishree Das
Humans are a unique reservoir of heterogeneous and vivacious group of microbes, which together forms the human-microbiome superorganism. Human gut serves as a home to over 100-1000 microbial species, which primarily modulate the host internal environment and thereby, play a major role in host health. This spectacular symbiotic relationship has attracted extensive research in this field. More specifically, these organisms play key roles in defense function, eupepsia along with catabolism and anabolism, and impact brain-gut responses...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
P J Lu, S W Fang, W L Cheng, S C Huang, M C Huang, H F Cheng
Numerous consumer products, such as cosmetics, contain nanoparticles (NPs) of titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) or zinc oxide (ZnO); however, this raises questions concerning the safety of such additives. Most of these products do not indicate whether the product includes NPs. In this study, we characterized metal oxide NPs according to size, shape, and composition as well as their aggregation/agglomeration characteristics. In order to comprehend quickly the characterization of metal oxide NPs, we employed single particle inductively coupled plasma (SP-ICPMS) to help quantify the size of metal oxide NPs; then, we use transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to corroborate the results...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Ku-Chung Chen, Wen-Hsien Hsu, Jhih-Yun Ho, Cheng-Wei Lin, Cheng-Ying Chu, Chithan C Kandaswami, Ming-Ting Lee, Chia-Hsiung Cheng
Flavonoids luteolin and quercetin can inhibit growth and metastasis of cancer cells. In our previous report, luteolin and quercetin was shown to block Akt/mTOR/c-Myc signaling. Here, we found luteolin and quercetin reduced protein level and transactivation activity of RPS19 in A431-III cells, which is isolated from parental A431 (A431-P) cell line. Further investigation the inhibitory mechanism of luteolin and quercetin on RPS19, we found c-Myc binding sites on RPS19 promoter. The Akt inhibitor LY294002, mTOR inhibitor rapamycin and c-Myc inhibitor 10058-F4 significantly suppressed RPS19 expression and transactivation activities...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Wei-Bin Tseng, Ming-Mu Hsieh, Tai-Chia Chiu, Po-Lin Yu, Szu-Hua Chen
This study developed a sensitive method involving capillary electrophoresis (CE) coupled with ultraviolet absorption for the simultaneous separation of chiral phenothiazine drugs at nanomolar concentration levels. The method consists of hydroxypropyl-γ-cyclodextrin (Hp-γ-CD) as a chiral selector and poly (diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDAC)-based CE. Five pairs of d,l-phenothiazines were baseline separated using a background electrolyte containing 0.9% PDDAC, 5 mM Hp-γ-CD, and 100 mM tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane (Tris)-formate (pH 3...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Fawzia Ibrahim, Asmaa Kamal El-Deen, Kuniyoshi Shimizu
In the present study, we compare the performance of two reversed-phase liquid chromatographic approaches using different eluents either conventional hydro-organic eluent or micellar one for simultaneous estimation of hydrocortisone acetate and pramoxine hydrochloride in presence of their degradants and process-related impurities; hydrocortisone and 4-butoxyphenol, respectively. For conventional reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC), separation of the studied compounds was completed on an Inertsil ODS 3-C18 column (150 mm × 4...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Mei-Yin Chien, Chih-Min Yang, Chih-Min Huang, Chao-Hsiang Chen
During the years 2005-2016, a total of 1067 samples for 24 types of herbal materia medica were investigated for the presence of aflatoxins (AFs) using immunoaffinity column cleanup and HPLC-coupled to a fluorescence detector after post-column derivatization. AFs were detected in 373 (35%) out of the total samples. Among them, Platycladi Semen (65% for total AFs and 79% for AFB1), Corydalis Rhizoma (53% for total AFs and 32% for AFB1), Corni Fructus (3% for total AFs), Coicis Semen (3% for total AFs and AFB1), Nelumbinis Semen (6% for total AFs and 9% for AFB1), Arecae Semen (18% for AFB1), Polygalae Radix (5% for total AFs and AFB1), and Cassiae Semen (25% for total AFs and 38% for AFB1) exceeded the official limits of 5 and 10 μg/kg, for AFB1 and total AFs (the sum of AFB1, AFB2, AFG1, and AFG2), respectively, set by the Taiwan government...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Xiao-Bing Wang, Jing Zheng, Jun-Jie Li, Hai-Ying Yu, Qi-Yan Li, Li-Hua Xu, Ming-Jie Liu, Rui-Qing Xian, Yang-En Sun, Bing-Jie Liu
This paper presents an application of ultra high-performance liquid-chromatography-quadrupole-TOF high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF HRMS) for simultaneous analysis of 23 illegal adulterated aphrodisiac type chemical ingredients in health foods and Chinese Traditional Patent Medicines (CTPMs). The mass spectrometer was operated in Information Dependent Acquisition (IDA) mode, which provides crucial information for the elemental composition analysis, structure elucidation and quantitative analysis simultaneously...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Shan-Shan Zhou, Jun Xu, Chuen-Kam Tsang, Ka-Man Yip, Wing-Ping Yeung, Zhong-Zhen Zhao, Shu Zhu, Hirotoshi Fushimi, Heng-Yuan Chang, Hu-Biao Chen
Angelica radix (Danggui in Chinese) used in China and Japan is derived from two species of Angelica, namely Angelica sinensis and Angelica acutiloba, respectively. The differences in quality between A. sinensis radix (ASR) and A. acutiloba radix (AAR) should be therefore investigated to guide the medicinal and dietary applications of these two species. Secondary metabolites and carbohydrates have been demonstrated to be the two major kinds of bioactive components of Danggui. However, previously, quality comparison between ASR and AAR intensively concerned secondary metabolites but largely overlooked carbohydrates, thus failing to include or take into consideration an important aspect of the holistic quality of Danggui...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Ying Zhao, Xin Zhang, Chongning Lv, Yang Yu, Yu Zhang, Jincai Lu
Anemone raddeana Regel, a Traditional Chinese Medicine, has been demonstrated to possess cytotoxicity and anti-inflammatory activities. The purpose of this study is to establish analytical methods to identify and quantify the major active constituents in Anemone raddeana. A high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-Q/TOF-MS) was used to identify the components in the title plant material. To quantify the major components, a HPLC-UV method was developed and validated...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Li-Ying Hsieh, Hsiu-Hui Chan, Ping-Chung Kuo, Hsin-Yi Hung, Yue-Chiun Li, Chao-Lin Kuo, Yong Peng, Zhong-Zhen Zhao, Daih-Huang Kuo, I-Wen Sun, Tian-Shung Wu
Lycii Fructus, a solanaceous drug, is widely used as functional foods and in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Samples collected from different regions of China have been found to be not identical in chemical compositions which might affect the biological activities. Although many chromatographic and spectrometric methods have been reported to determine the concentration of betaine and other bioactive amino acids, disturbance resulted from other polar substances with low UV-absorbance and expensive mass facilities reduced the applicability of these techniques...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Hsueh-Ming Tai, Ching-Chin Li, Chun-Yu Hung, Li-Jung Yin
To obtain the angiotension-I converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI), a fusion ACEI polypeptide encoded with 8 DNA sequences of GPL, GPM, IKW, IVY, IRPVQ, IWHHT, IYPRY and IAPG, which were selected and designed and cloned into pGAPZαC and then transformed into Pichia pastoris SMD1168H. After 3 days induction, the fraction with highest ACEI activity was expressed and purified using a Ni Sepharose™ 6 Fast Flow. The IC50 of recombinant ACEI polypeptide was 88.2 μM. A 128-fold increase of ACEI activity (0.69 μM) was obtained after pepsin digestion, which was equivalent to 0...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Ming-Sheng Lee, Tzu-Cheng Su, Yi-Chia Huang, Rei Cheng Yang, Jun-Kai Kao, Cheng-Han Lee, Jui-Ju Tseng, Chien-Sheng Hsu, Chin-Lin Hsu
Hyperoxia is often used in the treatment of neonates. However, protracted use of hyperoxia leads to significant morbidity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of vitamin B-6 supplementation on oxidative stress and inflammatory responses in neonatal rats undergoing hyperoxia therapy. The study consisted of 2 parts: a survival study and a vitamin B-6 efficacy study for 16 days. Neonatal rats were randomly divided into either the control group, B-6 group (subcutaneously injected with 90 mg/kg/d of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate [PLP]), O2 group (treated with 85% oxygen), or O2  + B-6 group (simultaneously treated with 85% oxygen and 90 mg/kg/d PLP)...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Jin-Wun Chen, Zwe-Ling Kong, Mei-Ling Tsai, Chih-Yu Lo, Chi-Tang Ho, Ching-Shu Lai
Elevated levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) in the liver, resulting from either increased lipolysis or imbalanced FFAs flux, is a key pathogenic factor of hepatic steatosis. This study was conducted to examine the therapeutic effect of tetrahydrocurcumin (THC), a naturally occurring curcuminoid and a metabolite of curcumin, on oleic acid (OA)-induced steatosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells and to elucidate the underlying mechanism. HepG2 cells were incubated with OA to induce steatosis, and then treated with various concentrations of THC...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Yun-Ching Chang, Hung-Wen Liu, Yi-Tien Chen, Yun-An Chen, Yen-Ju Chen, Sue-Joan Chang
Skeletal muscle, a highly metabolic tissue, is particularly vulnerable to increased levels of saturated free fatty acids (FFAs). The role of autophagy in saturated FFAs-induced cellular senescence and insulin resistance in skeletal muscle remains unclear. Therefore, the present study was aimed to explore autophagic flux in cellular senescence and insulin resistance induced by palmitate in muscle cells, and whether resveratrol limited these responses. Our results showed that palmitate induced cellular senescence in both myoblasts and myotubes...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Jin Hwan Lee, Chung Eun Hwang, Eun Ju Cho, Yeong Hun Song, Su Cheol Kim, Kye Man Cho
This research was the first to demonstrate changes in nutritional compositions (isoflavone and CLA) from the 50% methanol extracts of soy-powder milk (SPM) and soy-powder yogurt (SPY) through fermentation using Lactobacillus plantarum S48 and P1201 strains. The radical scavenging activities and protective effects against oxidative stress in LLC-PK1 cells were also investigated. The average physicochemical characteristics including acidity and viable cell number as well as β-glucosidase activity increased with 0...
July 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
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