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Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Li-Li Sun, Meng Wang, Hui-Jie Zhang, Ya-Nan Liu, Xiao-Liang Ren, Yan-Ru Deng, Ai-Di Qi
Polygoni Multiflori Radix (PMR) is increasingly being used not just as a traditional herbal medicine but also as a popular functional food. In this study, multivariate chemometric methods and mass spectrometry were combined to analyze the ultra-high-performance liquid chromatograph (UPLC) fingerprints of PMR from six different geographical origins. A chemometric strategy based on multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) and three classification methods is proposed to analyze the UPLC fingerprints obtained...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Wen-Chien Lu, Da-Wei Huang, Chiun-C R Wang, Ching-Hua Yeh, Jen-Chieh Tsai, Yu-Ting Huang, Po-Hsien Li
Citral is a typical essential oil used in the food, cosmetic, and drug industries and has shown antimicrobial activity against microorganisms. Citral is unstable and hydrophobic under normal storage conditions, so it can easily lose its bactericide activity. Nanoemulsion technology is an excellent way to hydrophilize, microencapsulate, and protect this compound. In our studies, we used a mixed surfactant to form citral-in-water nanoemulsions, and attempted to optimize the formula for preparing nanoemulsions...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Hung Yi Song, Roch Chui Yu
γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA), a nonprotein amino acid, is widely distributed in nature and fulfills several physiological functions. In this study, various lactic acid strains commonly used to produce fermented milk products were inoculated into adzuki bean milk for producing GABA. The high GABA producing strain was selected in further experiment to improve the GABA production utilizing culture medium optimization. The results demonstrated that adzuki bean milk inoculated with Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG increased GABA content from 0...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Redouan El-Haskoury, Walid Kriaa, Badiaa Lyoussi, Mohamed Makni
Physicochemical properties, main mineral content, and antioxidant activity were determined for eight floral carob honeys collected from different geographical regions of Morocco. Moroccan honeys showed good chemical and nutritional qualities, fulfilling the criteria described in the standard codex for honey. The percentages obtained for ashes were (0.13-0.69%), electrical conductivity (0.36-1.35 mS/cm), water content (17.30-22.80%), pH (4.17-5.05), free acidity (11.0-42.50 meq/kg), lactone acidity (4.0-16...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Yu-Cheng Chiang, Hsien-Huang Wang, Latha Ramireddy, Hsin-Yen Chen, Chia-Ming Shih, Chien-Ku Lin, Hau-Yang Tsen
Salmonella-contaminated foods, especially poultry-derived foods (eggs, chicken meat), are the major source of salmonellosis. Not only in the European Union (EU), but also in the United States, Japan, and other countries, has salmonellosis been an issue of concern for food safety control agencies. In 2005, EU regulation 1003/2005 set a target for the control and reduction of five target Salmonella enterica serovars-S. Typhimurium, S. Enteritidis, S. Infantis, S. Hadar, and S. Virchow-in breeding flocks. Thus, a simple biochip for the rapid detection of any of these five Salmonella serovars in poultry products may be required...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Phaiwan Pramai, Nur Ashikin Abdul Hamid, Ahmed Mediani, Maulidiani Maulidiani, Faridah Abas, Sudarat Jiamyangyuen
In an attempt to profile the metabolites of three different varieties of germinated rice, specifically black (GBR), red, and white rice, a 1H-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-based metabolomics approach was conducted. Multivariate data analysis was applied to discriminate between the three different varieties using a partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) model. The PLS model was used to evaluate the relationship between chemicals and biological activities of germinated rice. The PLS-DA score plot exhibited a noticeable separation between the three rice varieties into three clusters by PC1 and PC2...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Jia-Ching Wu, Ching-Shu Lai, Mei-Ling Tsai, Chi-Tang Ho, Ying-Jan Wang, Min-Hsiung Pan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Zerrin Canturk
This study aimed to investigate the synergy between anticandidal and apoptotic effects of ferulic acid and caspofungin against Candida albicans and Candida glabrata, with the help of a quantitative checkerboard microdilution assay using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) as a viability dye. Apoptotic effects of caspofungin and ferulic acid concentrations (alone and combined) were analyzed for C. albicans and C. glabrata based on annexin V-propidium iodide binding capacities using flow cytometric analysis...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Chien-Chun Li, Hsiang-Fu Yu, Chun-Hua Chang, Yun-Ta Liu, Hsien-Tsung Yao
The essential oil from a lemongrass variety of Cymbopogon flexuosus [lemongrass oil (LO)] is used in various food and aroma industry products and exhibits biological activities, such as anticancer and antimicrobial activities. To investigate the effects of 200 LO (200 mg/kg) and 400 LO (400 mg/kg) and its major component, citral (240 mg/kg), on drug-metabolizing enzymes, oxidative stress, and acetaminophen toxicity in the liver, male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a pelleted diet and administered LO or citral by gavage for 2 weeks...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Jin-Fu Yang, Yue-Rong Liu, Chiung-Chiao Huang, Yune-Fang Ueng
Hypericum perforatum [St. John's wort (SJW)] is known to cause a drug interaction with the substrates of cytochrome P450 (P450, CYP) isoforms, mainly CYP3A. This study aims to determine the dose response and time course of the effects of SJW extract on P450s, UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase (NQO) in mice. The oral administration of SJW extract to male mice at 0.6 g/kg/d for 21 days increased hepatic oxidation activity toward a Cyp3a substrate nifedipine...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Chao-Yi Wang, Lien-Cheng Chang, Min-Shung Lin, Chin-Fu Hsiao, Jin-Ding Huang
Taiwan's regulatory agency defines New Chemical Entity 2 (NCE2) as a compound drug that has been approved and marketed for ten years in a top-ten pharmaceutically-advanced country but which is new in Taiwan. To apply for registration of NCE2 in Taiwan, a clinical trial may be conducted in Taiwan to evaluate the efficacy and safety. Since the NCE2 has been approved in at least one of the top-ten pharmaceutically-advanced countries, we can borrow the information from all of the observed data from other countries to synthesize the data from both Taiwan and other countries to assess the NCE2 efficacy...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Tzu-Yun Chou, Meei-Ju Yang, Shih-Kung Tseng, Shoei-Sheng Lee, Chia-Chuan Chang
Andraca droppings is the waste excreted from the tea biter Andraca theae. Its chemical constituents and potential medical use, unlike those of the traditional Chinese medicine silkworm droppings, have not been reported yet. To explore new nutraceuticals, the chemical constituents of this substance were investigated. Since the bioactive ingredients are generally present in the EtOAc-soluble fraction, this fraction, obtained from the ethanolic extract of the dried Andraca droppings by liquid-liquid partitioning, was separated by chromatographic methods, including Sephadex LH-20, centrifugal partition chromatography, and RP-18 columns, to produce 14 compounds (1-14)...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Yu Yuan, Yuan-Bo Li, Zheng-Fu Tai, Yi-Peng Xie, Xu-Feng Pu, Jian Gao
Pramlintide acetate (Symlin®), a synthetic analogue of the human hormone amylin. It was approved in March 2005 as a subcutaneous injection for the adjunctive treatment of patients who have type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus. The objective of current investigation was to study the degradation behavior of pramlintide acetate under different ICH recommended stress conditions by HPLC and LC-MS. Pramlintide acetate was subjected to stress conditions of hydrolysis (acidic or alkaline), oxidation, photolysis and thermal decomposition...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Baxter Hepburn Kachingwe, Yow-Shieng Uang, Tsurng-Juhn Huang, Li-Hsuan Wang, Shwu-Jiuan Lin
ent-16-Oxobeyeran-19-N-methylureido (NC-8) is a recently synthesized derivative of isosteviol that showed anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) activity by disturbing replication and gene expression of the HBV and by inhibiting the host toll-like receptor 2/nuclear factor-κB signaling pathway. To study its pharmacokinetics as a part of the drug development process, a highly sensitive, rapid, and reliable liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for determining NC-8 in rat plasma...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Sheng-Fu Liu, Yin-Ruei Wang, You-Cheng Shen, Chien-Li Chen, Chine-Ning Huang, Tzu-Ming Pan, Chin-Kun Wang
Hyperlipidemia and inflammation play important roles in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is regarded as an inflammatory response of blood vessels to injury at the start of atherosclerotic plaque formation, which then leads to cardiovascular events. Edible fungi of the Monascus species have been used as traditional Chinese medicines in East Asia for several centuries. The fermented products of Monascus purpureus NTU 568 possess a number of functional secondary metabolites including the anti-inflammatory pigments monascin and ankaflavin...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Venkata Balarama Krishna Mullapudi, Karunasagar Dheram
A UV photolysis decomposition (UVPD) method for the determination of fluoride in fluorine containing pharmaceuticals by spectrophotometry is reported. It is based on the use of high intensity UV-irradiation in the presence of a digesting solution comprising a mixture of acetone and isopropanol. For the optimization of the UVPD procedure, three bulk drugs (levofloxacin, nebivolol and efavirenz) were chosen as representatives of three diverse compounds containing a single fluorine atom, two fluorine atoms, and trifluoromethyl groups respectively...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Shin-Yu Lin, Hei-Hwa Lee, Jong-Feng Lee, Bai-Hsiun Chen
In recent decades, urine drug testing in the workplace has become common in many countries in the world. There have been several studies concerning the use of the urine specimen validity test (SVT) for drug abuse testing administered in the workplace. However, very little data exists concerning the urine SVT on drug abuse tests from court specimens, including dilute, substituted, adulterated, and invalid tests. We investigated 21,696 submitted urine drug test samples for SVT from workplace and court settings in southern Taiwan over 5 years...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Yung-Jia Chiu, Shen-Chieh Chou, Chuan-Sung Chiu, Chun-Pin Kao, Kun-Chang Wu, Chao-Jung Chen, Jen-Chieh Tsai, Wen-Huang Peng
Polygonum orientale L. (Polygonaceae) fruits have various medicinal uses, but their hepatoprotective effects have not yet been studied. This study investigated the hepatoprotective activity of the ethanolic extract of P. orientale (POE) fruits against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver injury (ALI). Mice were pretreated with POE (0.1, 0.5, and 1.0 g/kg) or silymarin (0.2 g/kg) for 5 consecutive days and administered a dose of 0.175% CCl4 (ip) on the 5th day to induce ALI. Blood and liver samples were collected to measure antioxidative activity and cytokines...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Hongjiang Chen, Jianan Liu, Mingchao Cui, Jianwei Chen, Xiang Li, Yong Chen
A rapid and simple analytical method was established for the determination of four amides (N-p-trans-coumaroyltyramine, aristolactam AⅡ, sauristolactam and aristolactam BⅡ) in Saururus chinensis by matrix solid phase dispersion (MSPD) and high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector (HPLC-DAD). In the optimized MSPD, 0.2 g S. chinensis powder was blended with 0.4 g silica gel, and 5 mL methanol was selected as elution solvent. The MSPD extraction achieved higher extraction recovery of four amides, and required less sample, solvent and preparation time, comparing with the conventional methods (Soxhlet and ultrasonic extraction)...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Tse-Yu Chung, Nan-Hei Lin, Yue-Chiun Li, Tzu-Yin Chen, Ping-Chung Kuo, Wen-Ying Chen, Jason T C Tzen
Low bioavailability and high binding affinity to plasma proteins led to the difficulty for the quantitative detection of lithospermate B (LSB) in plasma. This study aimed to develop a protocol for detecting LSB in plasma. A method was employed to quantitatively detect LSB of 5-500 ng/mL by LC/MS spectrometry in multi reaction monitoring mode via monitoring two major fragments with m/z values of 519 and 321 in the MS2 spectrum. To set up an adequate extraction solution to release LSB captured by plasma proteins, recovery yields of LSB extracted from rat plasma acidified by formic acid or HCl in the presence or absence of EDTA and caffeic acid were detected and compared using the above quantitative method...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
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