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New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533155/screening-children-for-caries-an-ethical-dilemma-in-nigeria
#1
Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Bridget Gabriella Haire, Abiola A Adeniyi, Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo
Dental caries is the main oral health challenge for children in Nigeria. Concern about its negative impact makes screening for caries in children an attractive public health strategy. The ability to detect the preclinical phase of caries, the availability of screening tools with high accuracy, and the possibility of treatment before onset of clinical symptoms with significant cost and health benefits, makes it appropriate for screening. However in Nigeria, the poor availability of highly specific and sensitive screening tools, poor access to oral health care and concerns with pre-screening consent, raise the question of the appropriateness of conducting screening programmes for children...
March 13, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513084/barriers-to-advance-care-planning-in-end-stage-renal-disease-who-is-to-blame-and-what-can-be-done
#2
Alan Taylor Kelley, Jeffrey Turner, Benjamin Doolittle
Patients with end-stage renal disease experience significant mortality and morbidity, including cognitive decline. Advance care planning has been emphasized as a responsibility and priority of physicians caring for patients with chronic kidney disease in order to align with patient values before decision-making capacity is lost and to avoid suffering. This emphasis has proven ineffective, as illustrated in the case of a patient treated in our hospital. Is this ineffectiveness a consequence of failure in the courtroom or the clinic? Through our own experience we affirm what has been written before: that legal precedent favors intensive treatment in virtually all cases without 'clear and convincing evidence' of a patient's previously declared wishes to the contrary...
March 7, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504485/framing-the-mind-body-problem-in-contemporary-neuroscientific-and-sunni-islamic-theological-discourse
#3
Faisal Qazi, Don Fette, Syed S Jafri, Aasim I Padela
Famously posed by seventeenth-century French philosopher René Descartes, the mind-body problem remains unresolved in western philosophy and science, with both disciplines unable to move convincingly beyond the dualistic model. The persistence of dualism calls for a reframing of the problem through interdisciplinary modes of inquiry that include non-western points of view. One such perspective is Islamic theology of the soul, which, while approaching the problem from a distinct point of view, also adopts a position commensurate with (substance) dualism...
March 5, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465300/with-the-end-in-mind-dying-death-and-wisdom-in-an-age-of-denial
#4
Toni C Saad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465299/down-s-syndrome-screening-and-reproductive-politics-care-choice-and-disability-in-the-prenatal-clinic
#5
Daniel Rodger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464993/beyond-infanticide-how-psychological-accounts-of-persons-can-justify-harming-infants
#6
Daniel Rodger, Bruce P Blackshaw, Calum Miller
It is commonly argued that a serious right to life is grounded only in actual, relatively advanced psychological capacities a being has acquired. The moral permissibility of abortion is frequently argued for on these grounds. Increasingly it is being argued that such accounts also entail the permissibility of infanticide, with several proponents of these theories accepting this consequence. We show, however, that these accounts imply the permissibility of even more unpalatable acts than infanticide performed on infants: organ harvesting, live experimentation, sexual interference, and discriminatory killing...
February 21, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384016/corrigendum
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529986/ethical-judgments-re-writing-medical-law
#8
Caterina Milo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529985/why-human-germline-editing-is-more-problematic-than-selecting-between-embryos-ethically-considering-intergenerational-relationships
#9
Christoph Rehmann-Sutter
Do we have a moral obligation to genetically cure embryos rather than selecting between them? Such an obligation would be an ethical argument for human germline gene editing (hGGE) to avoid the inheritance of genetic conditions instead of using pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). In this article, the intuition that we do have such a moral obligation is critically evaluated. The article first develops a theoretical framework for discussing the ethical questions of hGGE. This framework is based on an exploration of the phenomenology of the germline, from both biological and philosophical points of view...
April 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529984/in-the-beginning-was-the-genome-genomics-and-the-bi-textuality-of-human-existence
#10
H A E Hub Zwart
This paper addresses the cultural impact of genomics and the Human Genome Project (HGP) on human self-understanding. Notably, it addresses the claim made by Francis Collins (director of the HGP) that the genome is the language of God and the claim made by Max Delbrück (founding father of molecular life sciences research) that Aristotle must be credited with having predicted DNA as the soul that organises bio-matter. From a continental philosophical perspective I will argue that human existence results from a dialectical interaction between two types of texts: the language of molecular biology and the language of civilisation; the language of the genome and the language of our socio-cultural, symbolic ambiance...
April 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529983/selecting-for-disabilities-selection-versus-modification
#11
Joshua Shaw
This essay considers one argument used to defend parents who use preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) to select for deafness and other disabilities. Some bioethicists have argued that a distinction should be drawn between genetically modifying embryos to possess disabilities and using PGD to select embryos that already present markers of them, and that the former is unethical because it inflicts avoidable harms onto the resulting children, whereas the latter is permissible because it allows children with potentially impaired abilities to exist...
April 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529982/germline-modification-and-policymaking-the-relationship-between-mitochondrial-replacement-and-gene-editing
#12
Jessica Cussins, Leah Lowthorp
'Mitochondrial replacement' and 'germline gene editing' are relatively new techniques that represent a significant moral, technological, and legal threshold, as they would introduce permanent and heritable changes to the human gene pool. This article examines the close relationship between these two technologies over time, considering what regulatory lessons can be learned from the former as attention turns to the latter. It argues that the UK's 'mitochondrial replacement' approval process should not be taken as a model for the wider regulation of germline gene editing, and that policy-making needs to contend with a comprehensive picture of the social and political meaning of these technologies in the world...
April 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529981/gene-editing-and-journal-editing
#13
Trevor Stammers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529980/scientific-and-ethical-issues-in-mitochondrial-donation
#14
Lyndsey Craven, Julie Murphy, Doug M Turnbull, Robert W Taylor, Grainne S Gorman, Robert McFarland
The development of any novel reproductive technology involving manipulation of human embryos is almost inevitably going to be controversial and evoke sincerely held, but diametrically opposing views. The plethora of scientific, ethical and legal issues that surround the clinical use of such techniques fuels this divergence of opinion. During the policy change that was required to allow the use of mitochondrial donation in the UK, many of these issues were intensely scrutinised by a variety of people and in multiple contexts...
April 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529979/obituary
#15
Calum MacKellar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529978/gene-editing-a-view-through-the-prism-of-inherited-metabolic-disorders
#16
James Davison
Novel technological developments mean that gene editing - making deliberately targeted alterations in specific genes - is now a clinical reality. The inherited metabolic disorders, a group of clinically significant, monogenic disorders, provide a useful paradigm to explore some of the many ethical issues that arise from this technological capability. Fundamental questions about the significance of the genome, and of manipulating it by selection or editing, are reviewed, and a particular focus on the legislative process that has permitted the development of mitochondrial donation techniques is considered...
April 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132276/atlantic-crossings
#17
Trevor Stammers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132275/evidence-of-biased-advertising-in-the-case-of-social-egg-freezing
#18
Christopher Barbey
Oocyte cryopreservation, or 'egg freezing,' is the practice of preserving unfertilised oocytes for later fertilisation. This practice allows women to extend their reproductive years. In 2014, Facebook and Apple announced that they would subsidise their female employees' elective - or 'social' - use of egg freezing so that these women can more easily reconcile the demands of career and family life. This announcement engendered controversy and moral debate. Given that social egg freezing (SEF) is becoming more popular, ethical and empirical analyses are warranted...
November 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084486/where-science-and-ethics-meet
#19
Bethan Lever
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084480/the-cambridge-companion-to-natural-law-jurisprudence
#20
Toni C Saad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
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