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Brain Tumor Research and Treatment

Je Hun Jang, Young San Ko, Eun Kyeong Hong, Ho Shin Gwak
Surgery, anticoagulation therapy, pregnancy, and hormone treatments, such as bromocriptine, are well-characterized precipitating factors for pituitary apoplexy. However, whether cytotoxic chemotherapy for systemic cancer could cause pituitary apoplexy has not been investigated. Here, we present a case of a 41-year-old woman who developed a severe headache with decreased visual acuity after intravenous cytotoxic chemotherapy to treat metastatic breast cancer. Preoperative neuroimaging revealed pituitary adenoma with necrosis...
April 2018: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Jin Sang Kil, Kyung Hwa Lee, Ki Seong Eom, Tae Young Kim
Intermediate pilomyxoid tumors (IPTs) were defined by the presence of some features typical of pilomyxoid astrocytoma (PMA) in combination with features that could be considered more consistent with pilocytic astrocytoma (PA). PMA is rare in the cerebellum. And, IPT in the cerebellum is rarer than PMA. To our knowledge, only 2 reports have described IPT in the cerebellum. A 5-year-old boy had nausea and vomiting. Computed tomography revealed a large, round, low-density tumor in the cerebellar vermis area. On enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the tumor showed inhomogeneous diffuse enhancement; the central portion showed homogenous enhancement, while the peripheral portion showed inhomogeneous enhancement...
April 2018: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Abdul Aziz Mohamed Yusoff, Fatin Najwa Zulfakhar, Siti Zulaikha Nashwa Mohd Khair, Wan Salihah Wan Abdullah, Jafri Malin Abdullah, Zamzuri Idris
BACKGROUND: Mitochondria are major cellular sources of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation which can induce mitochondrial DNA damage and lead to carcinogenesis. The mitochondrial 10398A>G alteration in NADH-dehydrogenase subunit 3 (ND3) can severely impair complex I, a key component of ROS production in the mitochondrial electron transport chain. Alteration in ND3 10398A>G has been reported to be linked with diverse neurodegenerative disorders and cancers. The aim of this study was to find out the association of mitochondrial ND3 10398A>G alteration in brain tumor of Malaysian patients...
April 2018: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
John P Sheppard, Thien Nguyen, Yasmine Alkhalid, Joel S Beckett, Noriko Salamon, Isaac Yang
Head computed tomography (CT) is instrumental for managing patients of all ages. However, its low dose radiation may pose a low but non-zero risk of tumor induction in pediatric patients. Here, we present a systematic literature review on the estimated incidence of brain tumor induction from head CT exams performed on children and adolescents. MEDLINE was searched using an electronic protocol and bibliographic searches to identify articles related to CT, cancer, and epidemiology or risk assessment. Sixteen studies that predicted or measured head CT-related neoplasm incidence or mortality were identified and reviewed...
April 2018: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Kyeong O Go, Kwangho Lee, Won Heo, Young Seok Lee, Young Seop Park, Sung Kwon Kim, Jeong Hee Lee, Jin Myung Jung
BACKGROUND: Tumors with cysts often correlate with gliomas, metastatic tumors, or hemangioblastomas, which require differentiation. METHODS: Thirty-eight cases of cyst associated-meningioma based on preoperative radiologic studies and histologic confirmations were reviewed from November 1998 to July 2017. RESULTS: A total of 395 cases of meningioma were observed in the 20 years, and surgical treatment of intracranial meningioma was performed in 120 cases...
April 2018: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Jun Jin, Jin Deok Joo, Jung Ho Han, Hee Kyung Yang, Jeong Min Hwang, Yi Jun Kim, In Ah Kim, Chae Yong Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the treatment outcome of our optic nerve sheath meningioma (ONSM) case series in terms of preventing tumor growth and preserving vision in ONSM patients. METHODS: Between July 2003 and March 2015, 1,398 patients with intracranial meningioma were diagnosed at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. Among them, only 13 patients (0.93%) were diagnosed with ONSM and enrolled in the present study. Tumor volume changes of ONSM patients and their visual acuity were evaluated before and after treatments...
April 2018: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Jiwook Lee, Sung Hyun Park, Young Zoon Kim
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to investigate the role of the Neurological Assessment of Neuro-Oncology (NANO) scale in predicting the prognosis of patients with glioblastoma, and compare these results to predicted data of the Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS), and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)/World Health Organization (WHO) performance status. Additionally, we examined other prognostic factors in glioblastoma patients. METHODS: The medical records of 76 patients with a new diagnosis of histologically ascertained glioblastoma in the period from January 2002 to December 2015 at the authors' institution were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2018: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Stephen Ahn, Young Joo Kim, Youn Soo Lee, Sin-Soo Jeun
A 33-year-old woman presented with tingling and paresthesia on left extremity for 2 months. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed that the tumor was iso- and hypo-intensity on T1-weighted image, mixed iso- and high-signal intensity on T2-weighted images and heterogeneously enhanced with rim enhancement. Neither arachnoid cleft nor dural tail was certain but mass was located extra-axially so meningioma was suspected. During operation, tumor wasn't attached to dura at all but arachnoid attachment was seen. Pathologically, clear cell type ependymoma was confirmed...
October 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Muhammad Sadiq, Iftikhar Ahmad, Jamila Shuja, Zubair Ahmad, Riyasat Ahmed, Khushnaseeb Ahmad
Astroblastoma is an uncommon glial tumor with predominant manifestation in the young age. Herein, we report a case of 18-year-old astroblastoma female patient who presented with history of two months headache. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain demonstrated well circumscribed, intra-axial abnormal signal intensity lesion (size=5×4 cm2 ) in the right parieto-occipital region of the brain. The patient underwent complete surgical resection of the gross tumor, as confirmed by an early post-surgical MRI (i...
October 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Soo Hee Kim, Jung Hwan Lee, Soon Ki Sung, Chang Hwa Choi
Subfrontal schwannomas are rarely reported. They are usually found only in the subfrontal area, but some extend to the nasal cavity. In these cases, prevention of postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage through thinned or eroded anterior skull base is important. A 51-year-old female with anosmia and mild nausea was diagnosed as subfrontal extraaxial mass with nasal cavity extension. This mass was initially thought to be an olfactory groove meningioma. We performed a bifrontal craniotomy for surgical excision...
October 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Hyuk Ki Shim, Seung Heon Cha, Won Ho Cho, Sung-Hye Park
A 19-year-old man presented with bitemporal hemianopsia and was found to have a large sellar and suprasellar tumor, resembling a pituitary macroadenoma. Emergency transsphenoidal approach was attempted because of rapid visual deterioration with headache. However, the approach was complicated and stopped by uncontrolled hemorrhage from the tumor. After conventional cerebral angiography and recognition of an unusual pathology, transcranial approach was achieved to prevent permanent visual loss. The final pathological diagnosis was pituicytoma with epithelioid features...
October 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Jung Hwan Lee, Soon Ki Sung, Chang Hwa Choi
Meningiomas and pilocytic astrocytomas are benign intracranial tumors. Pilocytic astrocytomas arises frequently at the posterior fossa in childhood. Meningiomas have several image findings, such as a dural tail sign, bony erosion, and sunburst appearance on angiography. However, pilocytic astrocytomas with these findings have been rarely reported. In this report, we describe a mass with typical image findings of a meningioma, but diagnosed as a supratentorial pilocytic astrocytoma with early anaplastic transformation...
October 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Jin Woo Bae, Eun Kyung Hong, Ho-Shin Gwak
The incidence of leptomeningeal dissemination (LMD) of anaplastic glioma has been increasing. LMD can be observed at the time of initial presentation or the time of recurrence. As a result of both rarity and unusual presentation, a standard therapy has not yet been suggested. In contrast to leptomeningeal carcinomatosis for systemic solid cancers, a relatively prolonged survival is observed in some patients with LMD of anaplastic gliomas. Treatment modalities include whole craniospinal irradiation, intra-cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) chemotherapy, and systemic chemotherapy...
October 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Jong Seok Lee, Kwan Ho Cho, Eun Kyung Hong, Sang-Hoon Shin
Ependymoma usually arises within the ventricles and central canal of the spinal cord. These tumors, found in the sellar region, are extremely rare. We report a case of pituitary ependymoma followed up over 10 years. A 59-year-old male patient presented with fatigue, general weakness, erectile dysfunction, and loss of body hair, including pubic hair. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a 3.3×3.5×2.3-cm sellar and suprasellar snowman-shaped enhancing mass. The tumor was partially resected via the trans-sphenoidal approach followed by postoperative radiation therapy...
October 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Seung Bin Kim, Kihwan Hwang, Jin-Deok Joo, Jung Ho Han, Yong Beom Kim, Chae-Yong Kim
Background: The incidence of brain metastasis (BM) in gynecologic cancers has risen recently, due to prolonged survival times and an early diagnosis. We analyzed treatment outcomes of patients with BM from gynecologic cancers. Methods: Among 951 patients with BM who were treated in neurosurgical department from July 2003 to February 2016, a total of 20 (2%) patients were from gynecologic cancers. The patients' clinical characteristics were collected by using medical records...
October 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Jungook Kim, Kyu Hong Kim, Young Zoon Kim
Background: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical results of adjuvant chemotherapy with hydroxyurea and to compare those with the results of postoperative radiotherapy after incomplete resection of atypical meningiomas (ATMNGs). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 84 patients with ATMNGs diagnosed in the period from January 2000 to December 2014. Clinical data included patient sex and age at the time of surgery, presenting symptoms at diagnosis, location and size of tumor, extent of surgery, use of postoperative radiotherapy or hydroxyurea chemotherapy, duration of follow-up, and progression...
October 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Yong-Hyun Chai, Shin Jung, Jung-Kil Lee, In-Young Kim, Woo-Youl Jang, Kyung-Sub Moon, Jae-Hyoo Kim, Kyung-Hwa Lee, Seul-Kee Kim, Tae-Young Jung
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic factors and outcomes in patients with ependymoma to management plans. Methods: Between 1997 and 2013, 33 patients with 25 ependymomas (WHO grade II) and eight anaplastic ependymomas (WHO grade III) were pathologically diagnosed. Six were pediatric patients (mean age, 6.15 years; range, 1.3-11 years), while 27 were adults (mean age, 47.5 years; range, 19-70 years). Of those, there were 12 adult patients with totally resected ependymomas without anaplastic pathology and adjuvant treatment...
October 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Courtney Duong, Thien Nguyen, John P Sheppard, Vera Ong, Lawrance K Chung, Daniel T Nagasawa, Isaac Yang
Background: Worldwide, approximately 2% of new cancers are of the brain. Five-year survival rates among brain cancer patients have been reported as a little over a third. Differences in clinical outcomes between brain tumor patients of different races remain poorly understood. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on brain tumor resection patients≥18 years old. Demographics, treatment variables, and survival outcomes were collected. Primary outcomes were length of stay, recurrence rate, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS)...
October 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Hyun-Seung Ryu, Kyung-Sub Moon, Kyung-Hwa Lee, Woo-Youl Jang, Tae-Young Jung, In-Young Kim, Shin Jung
Background: In this study, we aimed to compare repeated resection and radiation treatment, such as Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) or conventional radiotherapy (RT), and investigate the factors influencing treatment outcome, including overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and complication rates. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 67 cases of recurred intracranial meningiomas (repeated resection: 36 cases, radiation treatment: 31 cases) with 56 months of the median follow-up duration (range, 13-294 months)...
October 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Jeong-Hyun Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
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