journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446593/the-global-intellectual-property-ecosystem-for-insulin-and-its-public-health-implications-an-observational-study
#1
Warren A Kaplan, Reed F Beall
BACKGROUND: Lack of access to insulin and poor health outcomes are issues for both low and high income countries. This has been accompanied by a shift from relatively inexpensive human insulin to its more expensive analogs, marketed by three to four main global players. Nonetheless, patent-based market exclusivities are beginning to expire there for the first generation insulin analogs. This paper adds a global dimension to information on the U.S. patent landscape for insulin by reviewing the patent status of insulins with emphasis on the situation outside the US and Europe...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446592/economic-contributions-of-pharmaceutical-interventions-by-pharmacists-a-retrospective-report-in-japan
#2
Daiki Yasunaga, Yuichi Tasaka, Satoshi Murakami, Akihiro Tanaka, Mamoru Tanaka, Hiroaki Araki
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists in Japan currently play a key role in patient hospital care. Their responsibilities include filling prescriptions, checking a patient's medication history, and providing appropriate information to other health care workers. More importantly, pharmacists' interventions can also result in reductions in adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and, ultimately, in cost savings. This study aimed to determine the economic value of such interventions at a hospital in Japan. METHODS: At a single Japanese hospital, we analyzed 1452 pharmaceutical interventions by pharmacists, including recommending antibiotic dosage regimens, attending ward rounds with multidisciplinary health providers, providing drug information, and reporting ADRs...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446591/assessment-of-current-prescribing-practices-using-world-health-organization-core-drug-use-and-complementary-indicators-in-selected-rural-community-pharmacies-in-southern-india
#3
Anandhasayanam Aravamuthan, Mohanavalli Arputhavanan, Kannan Subramaniam, Sam Johnson Udaya Chander J
BACKGROUND: Due to the lack of clear, comprehensive, and rational drug policy, the production of pharmaceutical preparations in India is distorted for the most part. Indian markets are flooded with more than 70,000 formulations, compared to approximately 350 formulations listed in the World Health Organization (WHO) Essential Drug List. Studies have indicated that majority of prescriptions in India are of drugs of "doubtful efficacy." To promote rational drug use in developing countries, assessment of drug use patterns with the WHO drug use indicators is becoming increasingly necessary...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891235/interaction-and-medical-inducement-between-pharmaceutical-representatives-and-physicians-a-meta-synthesis
#4
REVIEW
Shahrzad Salmasi, Long Chiau Ming, Tahir Mehmood Khan
BACKGROUND: It has been proven that the interaction between pharmaceutical representatives and physicians can directly influence the latter's prescribing behaviour. This meta-synthesis aims to explore the available studies regarding the nature of the interaction that takes place between pharmaceutical representatives and physicians. It highlights the different aspects of that interaction by investigating the reasons why these meetings happen in the first place, their benefits and drawbacks and their impact on patients' health and, ultimately, the health of the public...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843547/fighting-poor-quality-medicines-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-the-importance-of-advocacy-and-pedagogy
#5
EDITORIAL
Raffaella Ravinetto, Daniel Vandenbergh, Cécile Macé, Corinne Pouget, Brigitte Renchon, Jean Rigal, Benedetta Schiavetti, Jean-Michel Caudron
The globalization of pharmaceutical production has not been accompanied by a strengthening and harmonization of the regulatory systems worldwide. Thus, the global market is characterized today by a situation of multiple standards, and patients in low- and middle-income countries are exposed to the risk of receiving poor-quality medicines. Among those who first raised the alarm on this problem, there were pioneering humanitarian groups, who were in a privileged position to witness the gap in quality of medicines between high-income countries and low- and middle-income countries...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800166/an-assessment-of-the-future-impact-of-alternative-technologies-on-antibiotics-markets
#6
Ejike Nwokoro, Ross Leach, Christine Årdal, Enrico Baraldi, Kellie Ryan, Jens Plahte
BACKGROUND: The increasing threat of antimicrobial resistance combined with the paucity of new classes of antibiotics represents a serious public health challenge. New treatment technologies could, in theory, have a significant impact on the future use of traditional antibiotics, be it by facilitating rational and responsible use or by product substitution in the existing antibiotics markets, including by reducing the incidence of bacterial infections through preventative approaches. The aim of this paper is to assess the potential of alternative technologies in reducing clinical use of and demand for antibiotics, and to briefly indicate which segments of the antibiotics market that might be impacted by these technologies...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800165/medicine-and-the-future-of-health-reflecting-on-the-past-to-forge-ahead
#7
EDITORIAL
Dale Fisher, Paul Wicks, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
The development of new therapies has a rich history, evolves quickly with societal trends, and will have an exciting future. The last century has seen an exponential increase in complex interactions between medical practitioners, pharmaceutical companies, governments and patients. We believe technology and societal expectations will open up the opportunity for more individuals to participate as information becomes more freely available and inequality less acceptable. Corporations must recognize that usual market forces do not function ideally in a setting where health is regarded as a human right, and as modern consumers, patients will increasingly take control of their own data, wellbeing, and even the means of production for developing their own treatments...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795831/impact-of-switching-from-intravenous-to-oral-linezolid-therapy-in-japanese-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Akihiro Tanaka, Akiko Yano, Shinichi Watanabe, Mamoru Tanaka, Hiroaki Araki
BACKGROUND: High oral bioavailability of antimicrobial agents can result in the replacement of intravenous (IV) therapy with oral therapy when a patient meets defined clinical criteria. However, few studies have evaluated the effects of switching antibiotic administration route in Japan, especially for linezolid. This study evaluated an IV-to-oral antibiotic switching program for linezolid treatment at a university hospital in Japan. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study of 73 patients, we assessed the efficacy and safety of IV-to-oral linezolid therapy (n = 21 patients) compared with IV therapy alone (n = 52 patients)...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777781/impact-of-pharmacists-as-immunizers-on-influenza-vaccination-coverage-in-the-community-setting-in-nova-scotia-canada-2013-2015
#9
Jennifer E Isenor, Jessica L Killen, Beverly A Billard, Shelly A McNeil, Donna MacDougall, Beth A Halperin, Kathryn L Slayter, Susan K Bowles
BACKGROUND: Annual immunization is the most effective way to prevent influenza and its associated complications. However, optimal immunization rates are not being met in Nova Scotia, Canada. Additional providers, such as pharmacists, may improve access and convenience to receive vaccines. Pharmacists began immunizing patients 5 years of age and older within the publicly funded universal influenza vaccination program during the 2013-2014 influenza season. The objective of this study was to evaluate influenza immunization coverage rates before and after pharmacists in Nova Scotia gained authority to immunize as part of the publicly funded universal influenza vaccination program...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761263/towards-the-just-and-sustainable-use-of-antibiotics
#10
Gemma L Buckland Merrett, Gerald Bloom, Annie Wilkinson, Hayley MacGregor
The emergence and spread of antibiotic resistant pathogens poses a big challenge to policy-makers, who need to oversee the transformation of health systems that evolved to provide easy access to these drugs into ones that encourage appropriate use of antimicrobials, whilst reducing the risk of resistance. This is a particular challenge for low and middle-income countries with pluralistic health systems where antibiotics are available in a number of different markets. This review paper considers access and use of antibiotics in these countries from a complex adaptive system perspective...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733918/novel-models-to-improve-access-to-medicines-for-chronic-diseases-in-south-africa-an-analysis-of-stakeholder-perspectives-on-community-based-distribution-models
#11
Bvudzai Priscilla Magadzire, Bruno Marchal, Kim Ward
BACKGROUND: The rising demand for chronic disease treatment and the barriers to accessing these medicines have led to the development of novel models for distributing medicines in South Africa's public sector, including distribution away from health centres, known as community-based distribution (CBD). In this article, we provide a typology of CBD models and outline perceived facilitators and barriers to their implementation using an adapted health systems framework with a view to analysing how future policy decisions on CBD could impact existing models and the health system as a whole...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713830/fighting-falsified-medicines-with-paperwork-a-historic-review-of-danish-legislation-governing-distribution-of-medicines
#12
Rasmus Borup, Susanne Kaae, Timo Minssen, Janine Traulsen
BACKGROUND: Many areas of pharmaceutical legislation in the European Union (EU) are harmonised in order to promote the internal market and protect public health. Ideally, harmonisation leads to less fragmented regulation and cross-border complexities. This study, however, focuses on an increasingly harmonised legislative area that is subject to increases in requirements and complexities: the distribution of medicines. This study compared Danish legislation governing the distribution of medicines before and after Denmark joined the EU in order to assess the impact of EU harmonisation, as well as to evaluate whether the drastic increases in requirements mandated by the Falsified Medicines Directive of 2011 correspond to a new approach to governing the pharmaceutical supply chain...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708786/is-there-potential-for-the-future-provision-of-triage-services-in-community-pharmacy
#13
Louise E Curley, Janice Moody, Rukshar Gobarani, Trudi Aspden, Maree Jensen, Maureen McDonald, John Shaw, Janie Sheridan
BACKGROUND: Worldwide the demands on emergency and primary health care services are increasing. General practitioners and accident and emergency departments are often used unnecessarily for the treatment of minor ailments. Community pharmacy is often the first port of call for patients in the provision of advice on minor ailments, advising the patient on treatment or referring the patient to an appropriate health professional when necessary. The potential for community pharmacists to act as providers of triage services has started to be recognised, and community pharmacy triage services (CPTS) are emerging in a number of countries...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688887/assessment-of-who-inrud-core-drug-use-indicators-in-two-tertiary-care-hospitals-of-bahawalpur-punjab-pakistan
#14
Muhammad Atif, Muhammad Rehan Sarwar, Muhammad Azeem, Danial Umer, Abdul Rauf, Arslan Rasool, Muhammad Ahsan, Shane Scahill
BACKGROUND: Medicines are a main therapeutic intervention provided within hospitals and their proper use in the outpatient setting is important for patients and the community. The objective of this study was to evaluate drug use patterns in the outpatient departments (OPDs) of two tertiary care hospitals (Bahawal Victoria Hospital and Civil Hospital) in the Bahawalpur district of the Punjab province of Pakistan by employing the standard World Health Organization/International Network of Rational Use of Drugs (WHO/INRUD) drug use indicators...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688886/forces-influencing-generic-drug-development-in-the-united-states-a-narrative-review
#15
REVIEW
Chia-Ying Lee, Xiaohan Chen, Robert J Romanelli, Jodi B Segal
BACKGROUND: The United States (U.S.) Food and Drug Administration, as protectors of public health, encourages generic drug development and use so that patients can access affordable medications. The FDA, however, has limited mechanisms to encourage generic drug manufacturing. MAIN RESULTS: Generic drug manufacturers make decisions regarding development of products based on expected profitability, influenced by market forces, features of the reference listed drug, and manufacturing capabilities, as well as regulatory restrictions...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688885/the-fate-of-the-new-pharmacy-bill-going-backwards-or-forwards
#16
Kah Seng Lee, Yen Wei Lim, Long Chiau Ming
BACKGROUND: The proposed Pharmacy Bill of Malaysia which served to consolidate and harmonise the existing pharmacy legislation which has been used for more than 60 years. This new Pharmacy Bill contains 17 parts and a total of 170 legislative sections covering laws governing pharmacy practice, medicinal products classification, registration, sale, supply, licensing etc. Our article could serve as a case study on pharmacy jurisprudence and drug regulation as well as the governance for medicines...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688884/use-of-a-fictitious-community-based-virtual-teaching-platform-to-aid-in-the-teaching-of-pharmacy-practice-skills-student-perspectives-after-initial-implementation
#17
Louise E Curley, Maureen McDonald, Trudi Aspden
BACKGROUND: Providing patient-centred care requires pharmacy students to learn how to interact effectively and understand individual differences that can influence patients' health. The School of Pharmacy at The University of Auckland, New Zealand (NZ), developed a virtual teaching platform, called NZ Pharmville, which consisted of twenty-one community-based patients who are members of six families; each family had a video vignette associated with it. Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm) students, enrolled in the third year pharmacy practice course, were able to view these recorded vignettes as part of their weekly pre-laboratory work for the course...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617099/prescription-medicine-sharing-exploring-patients-beliefs-and-experiences
#18
Kebede Beyene, Trudi Aspden, Janie Sheridan
BACKGROUND: Prescription medicine sharing has been defined as the lending of medicines (giving prescription medicines to someone else) or borrowing of medicines (being given and using a medicine prescribed for another person). This qualitative study explored the views of patients, to elicit information regarding factors influencing medicine sharing behaviours, their experiences of the consequences of prescription medicine sharing, and their risk assessment strategies when deciding to share...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280024/-better-medicines-for-children-within-the-integrated-management-of-childhood-illness-framework-a-qualitative-inquiry-in-uganda
#19
Xavier Nsabagasani, Japer Ogwal-Okeng, Ebba Holme Hansen, Anthony Mbonye, Herbert Muyinda, Freddie Ssengooba
BACKGROUND: The Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses is the main approach for treating children in more than 100 low income countries worldwide. In 2007, the World Health Assembly urged countries to integrate 'better medicines for children' into their essential medicines lists and treatment guidelines. WHO regularly provides generic algorithms for IMCI and publishes the Model Essential Medicines List with child-friendly medicines based on new evidence for member countries to adopt...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27252869/article-1-supervision-performance-assessment-and-recognition-strategy-spars-a-multipronged-intervention-strategy-for-strengthening-medicines-management-in-uganda-method-presentation-and-facility-performance-at-baseline
#20
Birna Trap, Denis Okidi Ladwar, Martin Olowo Oteba, Martha Embrey, Mohammed Khalid, Anita Katharina Wagner
BACKGROUND: Uganda introduced a multipronged intervention, the supervision, performance assessment, and recognition strategy (SPARS), to improve medicines management (MM) in public and not-for-profit health facilities. This paper, the first in a series, describes the SPARS intervention and reports on the MM situation in Uganda before SPARS (baseline). METHODS: To build MM capacity at health facilities, health workers were trained as MM supervisors to visit health facilities, assess MM performance, and use the findings to provide support and standardize MM practices...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
journal
journal
48346
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"