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Leah C Davis, Timothy G Baumer, Michael J Bey, Marnix van Holsbeeck
Shear wave elastography (SWE) is an emerging technology that provides information about the inherent elasticity of tissues by producing an acoustic radiofrequency force impulse, sometimes called an "acoustic wind," which generates transversely-oriented shear waves that propagate through the surrounding tissue and provide biomechanical information about tissue quality. Although SWE has the potential to revolutionize bone and joint imaging, its clinical application has been hindered by technical and artifactual challenges...
August 23, 2018: Ultrasonography
Jia Zhan, Hong Ding
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is widely used to evaluate tumor microcirculation, which is useful in the differential diagnosis between benignity and malignancy. In the last 10 years, the applicability of CEUS to thyroid nodules has greatly improved due to technological refinements and the development of second-generation contrast agents. In this review, we summarize the applications of CEUS for thyroid nodules, focusing on the imaging findings of malignant and benign nodules in the existing literature and the use of those findings to predict malignancies, with an additional brief description of the utilization of CEUS for other thyroid-related diseases...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Nehmat Houssami, Nariya Cho
This work reviews the evidence on breast imaging for screening (surveillance) in women with a history of breast cancer (BC). Early detection of second BCs in these women improves their prognosis based on studies using mammography (usually with clinical examinations) for surveillance. Cohort studies have estimated that mammography surveillance has moderate sensitivity (65.4%) and good specificity (98.3%), and have shown that these women are at a higher risk of interval BC than age- and breast density-matched women without a history of BC...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Alberto Borges Peixoto, Taciana Mara Rodrigues da Cunha Caldas, Caetano Galvão Petrini, Ana Cecília Palma Romero, Luciano Eliziário Borges Júnior, Wellington P Martins, Edward Araujo Júnior
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the presence of an intrauterine hematoma (IUH) on an early pregnancy ultrasound scan showing a live fetus was related to adverse perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study to evaluate pregnant women who underwent an ultrasound examination in early pregnancy, between 6 weeks 0 days and 10 weeks 6 days. We compared the perinatal outcomes between women with and without firsttrimester IUH using the Mann-Whitney and Fisher exact tests...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Vincent Y T Cheung
With the increasing applications of ultrasonography in the field of dermatology, this imaging modality can be extended to identify and characterize common vulvar lesions, with a particular focus on their location, size, vascularity, and content. This pictorial essay provides an introduction to vulvar ultrasonography, including technical considerations, ultrasonographic anatomy, and the ultrasonographic appearances of some vulvar conditions.
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Giovanni Guido Pompili, Silvia Tresoldi, Anna Ravelli, Alessandra Primolevo, Giovanni Di Leo, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to validate the role of the total malignancy score (TMS) in identifying thyroid nodules suspicious for malignancy through the sum of their ultrasound features. METHODS: The local ethical committee approved this prospective observational study. We examined 231 nodules in 231 consecutive patients (164 females and 67 males; age range, 20 to 87 years; median age, 59 years; interquartile range, 48 to 70 years) who underwent ultrasound followed by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC)...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Junkyo Lee, Min Woo Lee, Dongil Choi, Dong Ik Cha, Sunyoung Lee, Tae Wook Kang, Jehoon Yang, Jaemoon Jo, Won-Chul Bang, Jongsik Kim, Dongkuk Shin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of an active contour model for estimating the posterior ablative margin in images obtained by the fusion of real-time ultrasonography (US) and 3-dimensional (3D) US or magnetic resonance (MR) images of an experimental tumor model for radiofrequency ablation. METHODS: Chickpeas (n=12) and bovine rump meat (n=12) were used as an experimental tumor model. Grayscale 3D US and T1-weighted MR images were pre-acquired for use as reference datasets...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Ki Choon Sim
Ultrasonography is a useful tool for the differential diagnosis of acute flank pain. Renal stones appear as a focal area of echogenicity with acoustic shadowing on ultrasonography. In acute pyelonephritis (APN), the kidneys may be enlarged and have a hypoechoic parenchyma with loss of the normal corticomedullary junction. However, clinical and laboratory correlations are essential for the diagnosis of renal stones and APN through imaging studies. This review describes the typical ultrasonography features of renal stones and APN...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Vivian Youngjean Park, Eun-Kyung Kim, Jin Young Kwak, Jung Hyun Yoon, Hee Jung Moon
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of Bethesda categories III, V, and VI with the clinical and pathological features of thyroid nodules surgically confirmed as conventional papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs). METHODS: We analyzed 1,990 consecutive patients diagnosed with conventional PTC at surgery with preoperative Bethesda categories III, V, or VI. We determined the odds ratio (ORs) of the clinical and pathological variables associated with categories III and V, using category VI as the reference...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Hwajin Cha, Yun-Woo Chang, Eun Ji Lee, Ji Young Hwang, Hyun Joo Kim, Eun Hye Lee, Jung Kyu Ryu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ultrasonographic features of pure ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast and to evaluate the correlations of ultrasonographic features with pathologic and biological features. METHODS: A total of 141 lesions in 138 women with pure DCIS who underwent preoperative breast ultrasonography were retrospectively reviewed. Ultrasonographic features were analyzed using the American College of Radiology Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) ultrasonography lexicon and the diagnostic criteria of the Japan Society of Ultrasonics in Medicine...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Won Chang, Jae Young Lee, Jae Hwan Lee, Jae Seok Bae, Yeon Jin Cho, Kook Jin Kang, Keonho Son, Yul Ri Chung, Kyoung Bun Lee, Joon Koo Han
PURPOSE: The aim of this animal study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of a portable, ultrasonography-guided, high-intensity focused ultrasound (USg-HIFU) system to treat the pancreas. METHODS: Eight swine were included. Using a portable HIFU device (ALPIUS 900, Alpinion Medical Systems), ablations were performed on the pancreas in vivo. Different acoustic intensities were applied (1.7 kW/cm2 or 1.5 kW/cm2 , n=2 [group A for a pilot study]; 1.5 kW/ cm2 , n=3 [group B]; and 1...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Hye Sun Park, Younghee Yim, Jung Hwan Baek, Young Jun Choi, Young Kee Shong, Jeong Hyun Lee
Purpose: We compared the efficacy and safety of two ethanol ablation techniques-ethanol aspiration and ethanol retention-for benign cystic thyroid nodules. Methods: From October 2008 to September 2013, 113 patients who were treated using the ethanol aspiration technique (February 2008 to December 2010) and 108 patients who were treated using the ethanol retention technique (January 2011 to September 2013) were enrolled (male:female ratio, 53:168; mean age, 48.1 years; range, 18 to 80 years)...
August 1, 2018: Ultrasonography
Aliasgar V Moiyadi, Prakash Shetty, Robin John
Purpose: Non-enhancing diffuse gliomas are a challenging surgical proposition. Delineation of tumour extent on preoperative imaging and intraoperative visualization are often difficult. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed all cases of non-enhancing gliomas that were operated on using navigated 3-dimensional ultrasonography (US). Tumour delineation (good, moderate, or poor) on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and intraoperative US was compared. Post-resection US findings with respect to residual tumour status were compared to the postoperative imaging findings...
July 29, 2018: Ultrasonography
So Yeon Won, Hyun-Soo Kim, Sung Yoon Park
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to externally validate the diagnostic usefulness of transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) or transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS)-guided biopsy for pelvic masses, and to analyze the diagnostic performance of these methods in oncologic patients. Methods: A consecutive series of 30 patients who underwent TRUS- or TVUS-guided biopsy for pelvic masses was included. Tissue samples were obtained using an 18-gauge core biopsy needle under local anesthesia for lesions detected on computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging...
July 23, 2018: Ultrasonography
Heejin Bae, Seung-Seob Kim, Seungsoo Lee, Hyuna Song, Songhyun Lee, Dalkwon Koh, Jae Gwan Kim, Dae Chul Jung
Purpose: This study aimed to develop a multi-channel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and ultrasonography (USG) fusion imaging system for imaging prostate cancer and to verify its diagnostic capability by applying the hybrid imaging system to a prostate cancer phantom. Methods: A multi-channel NIRS system using the near-infrared 785-nm wavelength with 12 channels and four detectors was developed. After arranging the optical fibers around a USG transducer, we performed NIRS imaging and grayscale USG imaging simultaneously...
July 14, 2018: Ultrasonography
Sung Hun Kim
Three-dimensional automated breast ultrasonography (ABUS) has been approved for screening Epub ahead of print studies as an adjunct to mammography. ABUS provides proper orientation and documentation, resulting in better reproducibility. Optimal image quality is essential for a proper diagnosis, and high-quality images should be ensured when ABUS is used in clinical settings. Image quality in ABUS is highly dependent on the acquisition procedure. Artifacts can interfere with the visibility of abnormalities, reduce the overall image quality, and introduce clinical and technical problems...
July 14, 2018: Ultrasonography
Annisa Shui Lam Mak, Kwok Yin Leung
Craniofacial abnormalities are common. It is important to examine the fetal face and skull Epub ahead of print during prenatal ultrasound examinations because abnormalities of these structures may indicate the presence of other, more subtle anomalies, syndromes, chromosomal abnormalities, or even rarer conditions, such as infections or metabolic disorders. The prenatal diagnosis of craniofacial abnormalities remains difficult, especially in the first trimester. A systematic approach to the fetal skull and face can increase the detection rate...
July 3, 2018: Ultrasonography
Katika Nawapun, Nisarat Phithakwatchara, Suparat Jaingam, Sommai Viboonchart, Nadda Mongkolchat, Tuangsit Wataganara
Ultrasound is an integral part of prenatal interventions. Doppler studies and 3-dimensional ultrasound (3DUS) are frequently used to determine whether fetal surgery is required. The operator's experience remains crucial for reducing procedure-related morbidity. Real-time 3DUS (or 4DUS) can simultaneously display the needle tip in three orthogonal planes, providing reassurance that no fetal parts are in the path. In experienced hands, 4DUS guidance may not be more effective than B-mode, but its value for less-experienced operators remains to be determined...
July 2018: Ultrasonography
Alfonso Tramontana, Giovanni Monteleone, Alessandra Tiloca, Juan Carlos Miangolarra Page
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Ultrasonography
Nathaniel B Meyer, Jon A Jacobson, Vivek Kalia, Sung Moon Kim
Athletic injuries of the lower extremities are commonly encountered in clinical practice. While some pathology can be diagnosed on physical exam, others are a clinical dilemma with nonspecific symptomatology. In these situations, ultrasound imaging can be utilized as an exceptional diagnostic tool, offering unique advantages over other imaging modalities. This article will review the imaging characteristics of commonly encountered athletic injuries of the lower extremity.
July 2018: Ultrasonography
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