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Public Health Action

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344444/addressing-deprivation-of-liberty-human-mobility-and-tuberculosis-in-2018
#1
Isabela Barbosa, Anna Versfeld, Khalid Tinasti, Assel Terlikbayeva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344443/outcomes-of-patients-treated-with-individualised-anti-tuberculosis-regimens-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-india
#2
Akhilesh Kunoor, P T James, Mithula Raj, C T Rajesh, Prem Nair, P S Rakesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344442/active-tuberculosis-case-finding-in-india-need-for-introspection
#3
Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Srinath Satyanarayana, Suresh Shastri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344441/protecting-those-who-care-for-others
#4
EDITORIAL
I D Rusen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344440/hiv-assessment-and-testing-for-hospital-in-patients-still-a-weak-link-in-the-cascade
#5
EDITORIAL
Collins C Iwuji, Richard J Lessells
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226096/feasibility-of-two-active-case-finding-approaches-for-detection-of-tuberculosis-in-bandung-city-indonesia
#6
S McAllister, B Wiem Lestari, B Sujatmiko, A Siregar, E D Sihaloho, D Fathania, N F Dewi, R C Koesoemadinata, P C Hill, B Alisjahbana
Setting: A community health clinic catchment area in the eastern part of Bandung City, Indonesia. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of two different screening interventions using community health workers (CHWs) in detecting tuberculosis (TB) cases. Design: This was a feasibility study of 1) house-to-house TB symptom screening of five randomly selected 'neighbourhoods' in the catchment area, and 2) selected screening of household contacts of TB index patients and their neighbouring households. Acceptability was assessed through focus group discussions with key stakeholders...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201660/operational-aspects-of-bedaquiline-implementation-in-swaziland-report-from-the-field
#7
D Vambe, T Dlamini, J Furin, C Gracia-Edwards, K Keus, K Kunene, A Shabangu, S N Dlamini, W Sikhondze
Bedaquiline (BDQ) has been recommended by the World Health Organization for the treatment of multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) since 2013, but experience using the drug in high-burden, lower-income countries is limited and case studies are needed. Swaziland started using BDQ under national TB programme conditions in 2015 in four pilot sites. As of 1 December 2016, 93 patients had been initiated on BDQ, i.e., 19% of MDR-TB patients treated in the country. Swaziland has developed a systematic and efficient model for BDQ introduction in collaboration with several partners...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201659/mental-disorders-and-drug-alcohol-use-in-patients-commencing-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-treatment
#8
J Scuffell, D Boccia, F Garcia Velarde, S R Leon, G Raviola, L Lecca, J T Galea
Mental disorders and alcohol/drug use worsen treatment outcomes for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB), but data are lacking for extensively drug-resistant (XDR) TB. We investigated the association of baseline mental disorders and alcohol/drug use on XDR-TB treatment outcomes in a retrospective study of 53 XDR-TB Peruvian patients during 2010-2012. Logistic regression estimated the odds ratios for unfavourable XDR-TB treatment outcomes. Overall treatment success was 25%. Mental disorders and drug/alcohol use were found in respectively 22...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201658/closing-the-gap-decentralising-mental-health-care-to-primary-care-centres-in-one-rural-district-of-rwanda
#9
B Nyirandagijimana, J K Edwards, E Venables, E Ali, C Rusangwa, H Mukasakindi, R Borg, M Fabien, M Tharcisse, A Nshimyiryo, P H Park, G J Raviola, S L Smith
Setting: Programmes that integrate mental health care into primary care settings could reduce the global burden of mental disorders by increasing treatment availability in resource-limited settings, including Rwanda. Objective: We describe patient demographics, service use and retention of patients in care at health centres (HC) participating in an innovative primary care integration programme, compared to patients using existing district hospital-based specialised out-patient care. Design: This was a retrospective cohort study using routinely collected data from six health centres and one district hospital from October 2014 to March 2015...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201657/tuberculosis-among-migrants-in-bishkek-the-capital-of-the-kyrgyz-republic
#10
O Goncharova, O Denisiuk, R Zachariah, K Davtyan, D Nabirova, C Acosta, A Kadyrov
Setting: Twenty-two first-line, two second-line and one tertiary health facility in Bishkek, the capital of Kyrgyzstan. Objectives: Among migrants, a marginalised population at risk for acquiring and transmitting tuberculosis (TB), we determined the proportion with TB among all registered TB cases. For those registered at primary-level facilities, we then reported on their demographic and clinical profiles and TB treatment outcomes. Design: This was a retrospective cohort analysis of 2012-2013 programme data...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201656/age-stratified-tuberculosis-treatment-outcomes-in-zimbabwe-are-we-paying-attention-to-the-most-vulnerable
#11
R T Ncube, K C Takarinda, C Zishiri, W van den Boogaard, N Mlilo, C Chiteve, N Siziba, F Trinchán, C Sandy
Setting: A high tuberculosis (TB) incidence, resource-limited urban setting in Zimbabwe. Objectives: To compare treatment outcomes among people initiated on first-line anti-tuberculosis treatment in relation to age and other explanatory factors. Design: This was a retrospective record review of routine programme data. Results: Of 2209 patients included in the study, 133 (6%) were children (aged <10 years), 132 (6%) adolescents (10-19 years), 1782 (81%) adults (20-59 years) and 162 (7%) were aged ⩾60 years, defined as elderly...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201655/childhood-tuberculosis-in-mauritania-2010-2015-diagnosis-and-outcomes-in-nouakchott-and-the-rest-of-the-country
#12
B Aw, S Ade, S G Hinderaker, N Dlamini, K C Takarinda, K Chiaa, A Feil, A Traoré, T Reid
Setting: The National Tuberculosis Programme, Mauritania. Objective: To compare the diagnosis and treatment outcomes of childhood tuberculosis (TB) cases (aged <15 years) registered between 2010 and 2015 inside and outside Nouakchott, the capital city. Design: This was a retrospective comparative cohort study. Results: A total of 948 children with TB were registered. The registration rate was 10 times higher in Nouakchott. The proportion of children among all TB cases was higher inside than outside Nouakchott (7...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201654/increasing-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-uptake-in-an-hiv-program-in-rural-papua-new-guinea
#13
A Carmone, C A Rodriguez, T D Frank, M Kiromat, P W Bongi, R G Kuno, T Palou, M F Franke
Setting: Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death among people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) in Papua New Guinea. Despite a policy for isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) among PLHIV, implementation has been slow. Objective: We prospectively evaluated a standardized guided screening process, including TB diagnostic support, to increase IPT initiation in adult PLHIV on antiretro-viral treatment. Design: The guided process included a paper-based IPT screening tool that prompted review of patient history and TB symptoms and sputum analysis by smear microscopy and Xpert® MTB/RIF...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201653/why-are-hiv-infected-people-not-started-on-antiretroviral-therapy-a-mixed-methods-study-from-gujarat-india
#14
S Chawla, K Shringarpure, B Modi, R Sharma, B B Rewari, A N Shah, P B Verma, A R Dongre, A M V Kumar
Setting: Five purposively selected antiretroviral therapy (ART) centres in Gujarat, India. Objectives: To assess the proportion of ART-eligible people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) who were not initiated on ART within 2 months of being recorded as eligible, to identify factors associated with non-initiation and to explore reasons from the provider's perspective. Design: We used a mixed-methods design (triangulation) of 1) a quantitative phase involving record reviews and cohort analysis (Poisson regression) of PLHIV registered during April 2014-March 2015, and 2) a qualitative phase involving one-to-one interviews with 25 providers...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201652/tackling-latent-tuberculous-infection-as-part-of-a-strategy-for-achieving-tuberculosis-elimination-targets-in-china
#15
EDITORIAL
Lixia Wang, Lin Zhou, Jun Cheng, Yan Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201651/mental-disease-alcoholism-and-xdr-tb-loss-to-follow-up-and-resistance-the-cost-of-an-inadequate-approach
#16
EDITORIAL
Ignacio Monedero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018769/homeless-shelter-context-and-tuberculosis-illness-experiences-during-a-large-outbreak-in-atlanta-georgia
#17
W J Connors, S A Hussen, D P Holland, O Mohamed, K L Andes, N D Goswami
Setting: Persons experiencing homelessness (PEH) represent a population at high risk for tuberculosis (TB). While quantitative studies have characterized some important features of this key group, less has been captured directly from PEH about how they experience TB illness itself and the prevention and control measures implemented in response to an outbreak. This qualitative study aimed to explore PEH's TB disease experiences in the context of a large TB outbreak involving homeless shelters in Atlanta, Georgia, USA...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913174/research-ethics-committees-in-the-pacific-islands-gaps-and-opportunities-for-health-sector-strengthening
#18
J T Denholm, K Bissell, K Viney, A M Durand, H L Cash, C Roseveare, O E Merilles, A D Harries, S Biribo
There has been a range of developments in recent years to stimulate increasing public health research activity throughout the Pacific. Development of local capacity for ethics committee review and oversight is, however, frequently underdeveloped. This is reflected in the number of Pacific Island nations where ethics committees have not been established or where only informal processes exist for ethics review and oversight. This is problematic for the optimal development of relevant and culturally appropriate research, and building up local ethics committees should be part of continued research development in the Pacific...
March 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913173/-leaving-no-one-behind-how-community-health-workers-can-contribute-to-achieving-the-sustainable-development-goals
#19
EDITORIAL
Dermot Maher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913172/finding-tuberculosis-in-prisons-in-india-who-benefits
#20
EDITORIAL
Nevin Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Public Health Action
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