journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Public Health Action

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30271733/anti-tuberculosis-treatment-stewardship-in-a-private-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#1
B P Prabhu, A Kunoor, S Sudhir, A Dutt, V Nampoothiri, P S Rakesh, S Singh, V P Menon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30271732/implementation-of-the-test-and-treat-policy-for-newly-diagnosed-people-living-with-hiv-in-zimbabwe-in-2017
#2
A Rufu, V T S Chitimbire, C Nzou, C Timire, P Owiti, A D Harries, T Apollo
Setting: Sixteen mission hospitals in Zimbabwe that are implementing the 'Test and Treat' programme for people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Objectives: To assess linkages of HIV diagnosis to care and treatment, time taken from being diagnosed with HIV infection to initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and 3-month programmatic outcomes for those starting ART. Design: Cross-sectional study using secondary data. Results: Among 972 people newly diagnosed with HIV, 915 (94%) enrolled for HIV care and 771 (79%) were initiated on ART...
September 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30271731/insights-into-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-treatment-results-of-the-union-dr-tb-working-group-survey-2017
#3
K Mezwa, S McAnaw, C-Y Chiang, A Trébucq, C R Horsburgh
The past 4 years have seen the introduction of new regimens and new drugs to treat multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). To identify implementation trends over time, the DR-TB Working Group of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union), in collaboration with RESIST-TB, launched an online survey to Union members around the world. Survey results showed substantial diversity in treatment roll-out: 36% of respondents stated that their country is using the 9-month regimen for MDR-TB treatment; 41% are using bedaquiline and delamanid, but not the 9-month regimen; 28% are using both; and 22% of respondents indicated that their country does not currently offer either of these treatment options...
September 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30271730/community-strategies-to-tackle-tuberculosis-according-to-the-who-region-of-origin-of-immigrant-communities
#4
H O Essadek, J Mendioroz, I C Guiu, I Barrabeig, L Clotet, P Álvarez, A Rodés, J Gómez I Prat
Setting: Tuberculosis (TB) control requires the proper identification and treatment of affected patients and investigation of their contacts. In certain vulnerable immigrant groups, however, these tasks may be hindered due to their ethnic and sociocultural characteristics. Objective: To analyse the results of a community programme designed to locate hard-to-reach immigrants with TB. Design: Descriptive study of all cases diagnosed with confirmed TB referred to the Public and Community Health team of the Drassanes International Health Unit in Barcelona during 2012-2014 due to difficulties in tracing these patients...
September 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30271729/tuberculosis-related-technical-enquiries-received-by-a-national-level-institution-in-japan-2014-2016
#5
M Urakawa, A Yasukawa, Y Hoshino, T Shimamura, S Hirao, Y Nagata, M Ota
Background: Japan had a tuberculosis (TB) notification rate of 13.9 per 100 000 population in 2016. Objectives: To characterise TB-related enquiries received by the Research Institute of Tuberculosis, Tokyo, Japan, between January 2014 and December 2016. Design: A descriptive study of the time, place and other attributes of the enquiries. Results: A total of 1864 enquiries were listed for analysis. On average, 51.8 enquiries (range 30-77) were received per month. The enquiry rates were highest for Yamanashi (5...
September 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30271728/has-the-utilisation-of-xpert-%C3%A2-mtb-rif-in-manicaland-province-zimbabwe-improved-with-new-guidance-on-whom-to-test
#6
A Jokwiro, C Timire, A D Harries, P T Gwinji, A Mulema, K C Takarinda, P T Mafaune, C Sandy
Setting: Manicaland Province, Zimbabwe. Objectives: To compare the utilisation and results of deploying Xpert® MTB/RIF in 13 (one provincial, six district and six rural) hospitals between January and June 2016, when Xpert was recommended only for those with presumptive multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and coinfection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and between January and June 2017, when Xpert was recommended for all presumptive TB patients. Design: This was a cross-sectional study. Results: Xpert assays averaged 759 monthly in 2016 and 1430 monthly in 2017 (88% increase)...
September 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30271727/social-determinants-of-tuberculosis-evaluation-among-household-contacts-a-secondary-analysis
#7
T Shelby, A J Meyer, E Ochom, P Turimumahoro, D Babirye, A Katamba, J L Davis, M Armstrong-Hough
Setting: Seven public sector tuberculosis (TB) units and surrounding communities in Kampala, Uganda. Objective: To evaluate the influence of household-level socio-economic characteristics on completion of TB evaluation during household contact investigation. Design: A cross-sectional study nested within the control arm of a randomized, controlled trial evaluating home-based sputum collection and short messaging service communications. We used generalized estimating equations to estimate the association between completion of TB evaluation and socio-economic determinants...
September 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30271726/a-population-based-tuberculosis-contact-investigation-in-the-country-of-georgia
#8
D Baliashvili, R R Kempker, H M Blumberg, G Kuchukhidze, T Merabishvili, A Aslanikashvili, M J Magee
Setting: Identification and screening of contacts of patients with active tuberculosis (TB) is infrequent in low- and middle-income countries. Objective: To estimate the incidence, prevalence and risk factors of latent tuberculous infection (LTBI) and active TB among contacts of newly reported smear-positive TB patients. Design: A population-based contact investigation of sputum smear-positive pulmonary TB (PTB) cases diagnosed between April and December 2012 in Georgia was conducted. LTBI was assessed using the tuberculin skin test (TST)...
September 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30271725/outcomes-across-the-tuberculosis-care-continuum-among-adolescents-in-haiti
#9
L K Reif, V Rivera, R Bertrand, V Rouzier, E Kutscher, K Walsh, B Charles, J W Pape, D W Fitzgerald, S P Koenig, M L McNairy
Setting: GHESKIO (Groupe Haitien d'Etude du Sarcome de Kaposi et des Infections Opportunistes) clinic, Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Objective: To evaluate tuberculosis (TB) care continuum outcomes among adolescents. Design: Among a retrospective cohort of 10-24 year olds diagnosed with active TB, we report completion of the following steps of the TB care continuum stratified by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status: diagnosis of microbiologically confirmed TB, initiation of anti-tuberculosis treatment, retention in care at 2 months on anti-tuberculosis treatment, and TB treatment success...
September 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30271724/the-adolescent-tuberculosis-care-cascade-an-urgent-need-to-address-high-rates-of-loss-to-follow-up-from-diagnosis-to-cure
#10
EDITORIAL
Palwasha Y Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30271723/it-s-quality-that-counts-particularly-for-communicable-diseases
#11
EDITORIAL
Dermot Maher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946529/research-priorities-in-non-communicable-diseases-in-developing-countries-time-to-go-beyond-prevalence-studies
#12
J P Tripathy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946528/pyridoxine-for-patients-suffering-from-drug-susceptible-tuberculosis-in-india
#13
M Bhargava, A Bhargava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946527/pre-diagnosis-attrition-in-patients-with-presumptive-mdr-tb-in-bhopal-india-2015-a-follow-up-study
#14
S Natrajan, A R Singh, H D Shewade, M Verma, S Bali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946526/implementation-of-an-active-clinic-based-child-tuberculosis-contact-management-strategy-in-western-kenya
#15
D Szkwarko, P Owiti, N Buziba, C Bigelow, C B Eaton, E J Carter
Tuberculosis (TB) is a leading cause of childhood mortality. Isoniazid preventive therapy significantly reduces progression to TB disease. The World Health Organization recommends that high TB burden countries conduct child contact management (CCM) to identify exposed child contacts aged <5 years for screening and appropriate treatment. An active, clinic-based CCM strategy incorporating transport/screening reimbursement, monitoring and evaluation tools, and health care worker education was implemented in western Kenya...
June 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946525/community-based-integrated-approach-to-changing-women-s-family-planning-behaviour-in-pakistan-2014-2016
#16
H Najmi, H Ahmed, G M Halepota, R Fatima, M Ul Haq, A Yaqoob, A Latif, W Ahmad, A Khursheed
Setting: Karachi, Pakistan. Objective: To assess the effectiveness of a community-based integrated approach in changing women's behaviour regarding contraceptive use. Design: The Sukh Initiative is a multipronged approach with door-to-door services using community health workers to provide quality family planning/reproductive health services at both public and private facilities and a 24/7 family planning helpline service that provides youth skill-based education. Methods: Retrospective pre- and post-intervention data using samples of 5140 and 3810 women, respectively...
June 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946524/scaling-up-electronic-village-registers-for-measuring-vital-statistics-in-rural-villages-in-malawi
#17
O J Gadabu, A Ben-Smith, G P Douglas, K Chirwa-Nasasara, R C Manjomo, A D Harries, I Dambula, S Kang'oma, T Chiumia, F B Chinsinga
Setting: Eighty-three villages without electricity in Mtema Traditional Authority, Lilongwe District, Malawi. Objectives: To describe 1) the expansion of the electronic village register (EVR) to 83 villages in Mtema Traditional Authority, 2) the challenges encountered and changes made to render the system robust and user-friendly, 3) the value propositions developed to increase the system's desirability, and 4) the results of the village register. Design: Descriptive study. Results: After the deployment of the EVR in one village in 2013, the system was extended to 83 villages with modifications to render it more robust and user-friendly...
June 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946523/integrating-home-hiv-counselling-and-testing-into-household-tb-contact-investigation-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
E Ochom, A J Meyer, M Armstrong-Hough, S Kizito, I Ayakaka, P Turimumahoro, J M Ggita, A Katamba, J L Davis
Setting: Community health workers (CHWs) increasingly deliver community-based human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) counselling and testing (HCT) services. Less is known about how this strategy performs when integrated with household tuberculosis (TB) contact investigations. Objective: We conducted a prospective mixed-methods study to evaluate the feasibility and quality of CHW-facilitated, home-based HCT among household TB contacts. Design: CHWs visited households of consenting TB patients to screen household contacts for TB and HIV...
June 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946522/has-tb-care-i-sputum-transport-improved-access-to-culture-services-for-retreatment-tuberculosis-patients-in-zimbabwe
#19
C Timire, K C Takarinda, C Sandy, C Zishiri, A M V Kumar, A D Harries
Setting: Retreatment tuberculosis (TB) patients in Zimbabwe are investigated using microscopy, Xpert® MTB/RIF and culture + drug susceptibility testing (CDST). TB CARE I, a sputum transport service using motorcycles, was introduced to transport specimens between peripheral health facilities and laboratories, including National Reference Laboratories (NRLs). Objectives: To compare access to CDST and treatment outcomes among retreatment TB patients in facilities with and those without TB CARE I support. Design: This was a retrospective cohort study...
June 21, 2018: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946521/delay-and-attrition-before-treatment-initiation-among-mdr-tb-patients-in-five-districts-of-gujarat-india
#20
H D Shewade, K S Shringarpure, M Parmar, N Patel, S Kuriya, S Shihora, N Ninama, N Gosai, R Khokhariya, C Popat, H Thanki, B Modi, P Dave, R K Baxi, A M V Kumar
Setting: Gujarat, a state in west India. Background: Although treatment initiation has been improving among patients diagnosed with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in programme settings, it has still not reached 100%. Objectives: To determine pre-treatment attrition (not initiated on treatment within 6 months of diagnosis), delay in treatment initiation (>7 days from diagnosis) and associated factors among MDR-TB patients diagnosed in 2014 in five selected districts served by two genotypic drug susceptibility testing (DST) facilities and a drug-resistant TB centre in Gujarat...
June 21, 2018: Public Health Action
journal
journal
48340
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"