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Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology

Elif Doğan Bakı, Özlem Çetin Akıcı, Halil İbrahim Güzel, Serdar Kokulu, Yüksel Ela, Remziye Gül Sıvacı
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Mehmet Cantürk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Nuray Altay, Hasan H Yüce, Harun Aydoğan, Mustafa E Dörterler
Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) has a classical triad that includes short neck, low hair line and restriction in neck motion and is among one of the congenital causes of difficult airway. Herein, we present a 26-day, 3300g newborn with KFS who was planned to be operated for correction of an intestinal obstruction. She had features of severe KFS. Anesthesia was induced by inhalation of sevoflurane 2-3% in percentage 100 oxygen. Sevoflurane inhalation was stopped after 2min. Her Cornmack Lehane score was 2 and oral intubation was performed with 3...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Betül Basaran, Ahmet Basaran, Betül Kozanhan, Sadık Özmen, Mustafa Basaran
We report a case of venous air embolism during abdominal myomectomy. Although true incidence of venous air embolism is not known, in literature most of reported cases are belongs to sitting position craniotomies. Many of those are subclinical, and diagnostic methods have varying degrees of sensitivity and specificity. At time of suspicion, prevention of any subsequent air emboli is the cornerstone of treatment.
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Bülent Serhan Yurtlu, Bengü Köksal, Volkan Hancı, Işıl Özkoçak Turan
Non-invasive ventilation is an accepted treatment modality in both acute exacerbations of respiratory diseases and chronic obstructive lung disease. It is commonly utilized in the intensive care units, or for postoperative respiratory support in post-anesthesia care units. This report describes intraoperative support in non-invasive ventilation to neuroaxial anesthesia for an emergency upper abdominal surgery.
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Ozgur Yagan, Kadir Özyilmaz, Ahmet Özmaden, Özgür Sayin, Volkan Hanci
Stiff Person Syndrome (SPS), typified by rigidity in muscles of the torso and extremities and painful episodic spasms, is a rare autoimmune-based neurological disease. Here we present the successful endotracheal intubation and application of TIVA without muscle relaxants on an SPS patient. A 46 years old male patient was operated with ASA-II physical status because of lumber vertebral compression fracture. After induction of anesthesia using lidocaine, propofol and remifentanil tracheal intubation was completed easily without neuromuscular blockage...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Matilde Zaballos, María Dolores Ginel, Maite Portas, María Barrio, Ana María López
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The decision whether to manage an ambulatory patient with a previously documented difficult airway with a supraglottic device remain controversial. We report an awake insertion of a Laryngeal Mask Airway Proseal™ in a patient with known difficult airway scheduled for ambulatory surgery. CASE REPORT: A 46-yr-old woman was programmed as a day case surgery for breast nodule resection. Her anesthetic record included an impossible intubation with cancelation of surgery and subsequent awake fibroscopic intubation...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Deb Sanjay Nag, Devi Prasad Samaddar
We discuss a case of difficult extubation, due to inadequate deflation of the tracheal tube cuff, despite collapse of the pilot balloon, on its aspiration. This was caused by inadvertent kinking of the pilot balloon tubing due to inappropriate tape fixation of the endotracheal tube.
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Marion Vidal, Antoine Strzelecki, Mireille Houadec, Isabelle Ranz Krikken, Antoine Danielli, Edmundo Pereira de Souza Neto
Subarachnoid haematoma after spinal anaesthesia is known to be very rare. In the majority of these cases, spinal anaesthesia was difficult to perform and/or unsuccessful; other risk factors included antiplatelet or anticoagulation therapy, and direct spinal cord trauma. We report a case of subarachnoid haematoma after spinal anaesthesia in a young patient without risk factors.
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Namik Ozcan, Giray Ozcam, Pinar Kosar, Ayse Ozcan, Hulya Basar, Cetin Kaymak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Carbon monoxide is a toxic gas for humans and is still a silent killer in both developed and developing countries. The aim of this case series was to evaluate early radiological images as a predictor of subsequent neuropsychological sequelae, following carbon monoxide poisoning. CASE 1: After carbon monoxide exposure, early computed tomography scans and magnetic resonance imaging findings of a 52-year-old woman showed bilateral lesions in the globus pallidus...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Javier Ripollés, Angel Espinosa, Eugenio Martínez-Hurtado, Alfredo Abad-Gurumeta, Rubén Casans-Francés, Cristina Fernández-Pérez, Francisco López-Timoneda, José María Calvo-Vecino
BACKGROUND: The goal directed hemodynamic therapy is an approach focused on the use of cardiac output and related parameters as end-points for fluids and drugs to optimize tissue perfusion and oxygen delivery. Primary aim: To determine the effects of intraoperative goal directed hemodynamic therapy on postoperative complications rates. METHODS: A meta-analysis was carried out of the effects of goal directed hemodynamic therapy in adult noncardiac surgery on postoperative complications and mortality using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses methodology...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Durval Campos Kraychete, Rioko Kimiko Sakata, Leticia de Oliveira Carvalho Lannes, Igor Dórea Bandeira, Eduardo Jun Sadatsune
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postoperative persistent chronic pain (POCP) is a serious health problem, disabling, undermining the quality of life of affected patients. Although more studies and research have addressed the possible mechanisms of the evolution from acute pain to chronic postoperatively, there are still no consistent data about the risk factors and prevention. This article aims to bring what is in the panorama of the current literature available. CONTENT: This review describes the definition, risk factors, and mechanisms of POCD, its prevention and treatment...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Alessandro Di Filippo, Silvia Falsini, Chiara Adembri
The ultrasound guidance in regional anesthesia ensures the visualization of needle placement and the spread of Local Anesthetics. Over the past few years there was a substantial interest in determining the Minimum Effective Anesthetic Volume necessary to accomplish surgical anesthesia. The precise and real-time visualization of Local Anesthetics spread under ultrasound guidance block may represent the best requisite for reducing Local Anesthetics dose and Local Anesthetics-related effects. We will report a series of studies that have demonstrated the efficacy of ultrasound guidance blocks to reduce Local Anesthetics and obtain surgical anesthesia as compared to block performed under blind or electrical nerve stimulation technique...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Esen Simsek, Yucel Karaman, Mustafa Gonullu, Zeki Tekgul, Meltem Cakmak
BACKGROUND: The incidence of perioperative respiratory complications and postoperative care unit recovery time investigated in patients with passive tobacco smoke exposure according to the degree of exposure. METHODS: Total 270 patients ranging in age from 18 to 60 years with the ASA physical status I or II exposed and not exposed to passive tobacco smoke received general anesthesia for various elective surgical operations evaluated for the study. Patients divided into two groups as exposed and non-exposed to passive tobacco smoke, those exposed to passive smoke are also divided into two groups according to the degree of exposure...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Ulku Emik, Yusuf Unal, Mustafa Arslan, Cengiz Bekir Demirel
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction refers to the problems associated with thought and memory that are often experienced after major surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of intraperitoneally administered memantine on recovery, cognitive functions, and pain after propofol anesthesia. METHODS: The study was conducted in Gazi University Animal Research Laboratory, Ankara, Turkey in January 2012. Twenty-four adult female Wistar Albino rats weighing 170-270g were educated for 300s in the radial arm maze (RAM) over three days...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Mercedes Fernández Gacio, Ana Maria Agrelo Lousame, Susana Pereira, Clara Castro, Juliana Santos
BACKGROUND: Several locoregional techniques have been described for the management of acute and chronic pain after breast surgery. The optimal technique should be easy to perform, reproducible, with little discomfort to the patient, little complications, allowing good control of acute pain and a decreased incidence of chronic pain, namely intercostobrachial neuralgia for being the most frequent entity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the paravertebral block with preoperative single needle prick for major breast surgery and assess initially the control of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and acute pain in the first 24h and secondly the incidence of neuropathic pain in the intercostobrachial nerve region six months after surgery...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Mehmet Ilke Buget, Ata Can Atalar, Ipek Saadet Edipoglu, Zerrin Sungur, Nukhet Sivrikoz, Meltem Karadeniz, Esra Saka, Suleyman Kucukay, Mert N Senturk
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study were to demonstrate the possible hemodynamic changes and cerebral blood flow alterations in patients who were positioned from supine to beach chair position; and to detect if the position change causes any cortical activity alteration as measured by the 4-channeled electroencephalography monitor. METHODS: 35 patients were included. Before the induction, mean arterial pressure and patient state index values were recorded (T0)...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Flavia Ruxanda, Adrian Florin Gal, Cristian Raţiu, Viorel Miclăuş, Vasile Rus, Liviu Ioan Oana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Inhalation anesthetics are used in human, as well as veterinary medical practice. In the present study we investigated the effect of isoflurane and sevoflurane on rat hepatocytes. METHODS: A total of 40 Wistar female rats were used in this study. Animals were divided in groups of 5 rats. Groups IM, SM served as control groups. Groups I1, I2, I3 were used to study isoflurane and S1, S2, S3 for sevoflurane study. They were anesthetized 3 times, for 2h long, at 2 days interval with a concentration of: 1...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Volkan Hancı, Şule Özbilgin, Seda Özbal, Gonca Kamacı, Hasan Ateş, Nilay Boztaş, Bekir Uğur Ergür, Ahmet Arıkanoğlu, Osman Yılmaz, Bülent Serhan Yurtlu
BACKGROUND: Intra-arterial injection of medications may cause acute and severe ischemia and result in morbidity and mortality. There is no information in the literature evaluating the arterial endothelial effects of sugammadex and dexmedetomidine. The hypothesis of our study is that sugammadex and dexmedetomidine will cause histological changes in arterial endothelial structure when administered intra-arterially. METHODS: Rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Ricardo Caio Gracco de Bernardis, Monica Maria Siaulys, Joaquim Edson Vieira, Lígia Andrade Silva Telles Mathias
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Decrease in body temperature is common during general and regional anesthesia. Forced-air warming intraoperative during cesarean section under spinal anesthesia seems not able to prevent it. The hypothesis considers that active warming before the intraoperative period avoids temperature loss during cesarean. METHODS: Forty healthy pregnant patients undergoing elective cesarean section with spinal anesthesia received active warming from a thermal gown in the preoperative care unit 30min before spinal anesthesia and during surgery (Go, n=20), or no active warming at any time (Ct, n=20)...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
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