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Swiss Dental Journal

Ayhan Yildirim, Heinz-Theo Lübbers, Sandra Fatori Popovic, Vedat Yildirim
In pregnancy, it is necessary to pay particu­lar attention to oral health, as inflammatory periodontal changes can occur due to the ex­ceptional hormonal situation. The popular be­lief, still existing today, that «each pregnancy costs the woman a tooth» is no longer valid considering conventional oral hygiene mea­sures and the fact that most pregnant women are very conscious of their nutrition (diet).
November 12, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Werner Baschong, Paco Weiss, Martha-Sophia Imholz, Andreas Filippi
Reintegration of freshly extracted healthy teeth is very successful, most likely due to the regenerative capacity of their roots’ residual periodontal ligament (PDL). We hypothesised that in vitro cultures of the consecutive slices of a sectioned root will represent the entity of PDL cell types engaged in tooth-sided reintegration. For confirmation, apex and pulp from human premolars were removed and roots cut into 6 to 9 about 1 mm thick slices. These were immobilised to separate wells and cultured for 20 days, under daily inspection for the initiation of cell outgrowth (ICO)...
November 12, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Martina Schriber, Valerie G. A. Suter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Domenico Di Rocco
Children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ADD/ ADHD are often difficult to be treated. If the anterior teeth have to be treated in case of trauma, the patient and the therapist quickly come to their limits. In the present case, with the help of the Cerec and composite partial veneers, an attempt was made to divide the treatment into two relatively short treatment periods for the patient. The two phases were interrupted by a longer construction and grinding phase. The composite partial veneers showed acceptable aesthetics...
October 15, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Tomislav A. Zrnc, Philipp Metzler, Wolfgang Zemann, Shahram Ghanaati
Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a blood concentrate system derived from human peripheral blood. A solid and a liquid PRF-based matrix can be obtained by centrifugation in accordance with specific centrifugation protocols without the addition of anticoagulants or external chemicals. In dentistry, oral- and cranio-maxillo-facial surgery, PRF-based matrices are used on different subjects. The healing benefits of platelet-rich preparations together with the low risk profile and disposability of a simple preparation procedure should encourage more clinicians to incorporate PRF as a treatment option in their practice to accelerate healing, reduce adverse events, and improve patient outcomes...
September 10, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Mallouel Pineau, Romain Nicot, Ludovic Lauwers, Joël Ferri, Gwénaël Raoul
Effect of prosthesis and dental implants on quality of life related to the patient’s oral health can guide the clinician in providing best services. The zygomatic implant (ZI) is a partial or complete alternative technique to so-called traditional rehabilitation techniques (aiming to increase bone volume) of edentulous atrophic maxillae. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of fixed prosthetic rehabilitation by ZI on patients’ quality of life. This study highlighted the level of satisfaction of nine patients treated with ZI via their pre-therapeutic and post-therapeutic scores on the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP)-14 scale...
September 10, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Mallouel Pineau, Romain Nicot, Ludovic Lauwers, Joël Ferri, Gwénaël Raoul
Prosthetic rehabilitation of the atrophic edentulous maxilla is a challenge for which zygomatic implants (ZI) stand out from traditional techniques (aiming to increase bone volume) with reduced treatment duration and immediate loading. The aim of this study was to review the ZI treatment plan and its surgical technique based on a series of nine edentulous atrophic maxillary cases. Implant survival rate and postoperative follow-up were reported as well as those described in the literature. The advantages and disadvantages of ZI versus traditional methods of rehabilitation in our daily work were also discussed...
September 10, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Florian J. Wegehaupt, Jana Schleich, Blend Hamza, Daniel Wiedemeier, Thomas Attin
We compared the prevention of erosive and erosive/abrasive enamel loss by a medical minerals gel system (R.O.C.S.) to that by an anti-erosive toothpaste. Seventy-two bovine enamel samples were randomly allocated to six groups (E1–E3 and EA1–EA3; n=12). Per day, samples were eroded (2 min) 9 times using HCl (pH 2.6). Between erosive challenges and over night samples were stored in artificial saliva. Per day, samples were stored (100 s; groups E1–E3) or additionally brushed (20 brushing strokes; groups EA1–EA3) in/with slurries prepared from artificial saliva plus: no additional toothpaste (control groups E1 and EA1), elmex erosion protection toothpaste (groups E2 and EA2), or R...
September 10, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Thomas von Arx, Marc J. Nakashima, Scott Lozanoff
The individual appearance and facial expression are based on the musculoskeletal system of the face. The bones of the face contribute to the anterior portion of the skull. This region is also referred to as the facial skeleton or viscerocranium. The muscles of the face include all mimetic muscles innervated by the cranial nerve VII (facial nerve). Two masticatory muscles (masseter, temporalis) that are supplied by the motoric portion of the cranial nerve V3 (mandibular nerve) also contribute to the contour of the face...
July 30, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Joëlle A. Dulla, Markus Schaffner, Adrian Lussi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 23, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Manuel Crameri, Johannes J. Kuttenberger
Coronectomy is the intentional partial removal of a tooth. Thereby the crown of the tooth is removed and the roots are left in place. Compared to the complete operative removal of a wisdom tooth, the incidence of inferior alveolar nerve injury (IANI) is lower. The aim of this study is a survey on the use and acceptance of wisdom tooth coronectomy in Switzerland. An anonymous questionnaire was sent to 266 dentists specialized in oral surgery or maxillofacial surgeons; 58.3% of the questionnaires were returned and could be assessed...
July 23, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Claudio Rostetter, Tim Finkenstädt, Martin Rücker, Heinz-Theo Lübbers
This manuscript provides an overview of therapeutic options for the problem of bleeding in a dentist’s office. Bleeding after tooth extraction is a very common finding in dental medicine and persistent blood in the mouth is obviously uncomfortable and sometimes terrifying for the patient. Most bleedings can be stopped simply with compression, in some cases a homeostatic therapy is necessary. For local compression, a swab with tranexamic acid is useful. If local compression is not sufficient, sutures are often an option...
June 18, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Michel Gigandet, Deborah Hofer, Thomas Attin, Philipp Sahrmann, Patrick R Schmidlin
Aim: Intensive application of highly concentrated antimicrobials during scaling and root planing may be hazardous if swallowed in quantity. This study evaluates two dental isolation systems for fluid leakage in conjunction with a sham treatment of scaling and root planing. Materials and methods: Eight volunteers were randomly assigned to wear a conventional rubber dam (RD) and a combined suction and isolation device (IsoLite® system [IL]) alternatively on contralateral maxillary and mandibular quadrants. RD was cut between the canine and the first molar and was fixed on the first molar with a rubber dam clamp and with a tissue adhesive (Histoacryl) on the gingiva...
May 16, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Michael M. Bornstein, Claude Andreoni, Thomas Meier, Thomas von Arx
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Renzo Bassetti, Johannes Kuttenberger, Mario Bassetti
In the context of tooth trauma, mostly the maxillary central front teeth are involved, whereby their roots are in some cases still in the developing stage (immature). Depending on the type of trauma, a necrosis of the pulp is the consequence or at least foreseeable. In order to preserve such a tooth, an endodontic therapy is inevitable. The disadvantage of conventional endodontic therapy methods of immature teeth (apexification, apexogenesis) is the root growth stop. Alternatively, the regeneration/revascularisation of the dental pulp (RP) was suggested, that allows a further root growth...
May 14, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Thomas von Arx von Arx, Kaori Tamura, Oba Yukiya, Scott Lozanoff
Vascular supply is key for maintenance of healthy tissue conditions but also with regard to healing following trauma or therapeutic interventions. The face is probably the most exposed part of the body and any changes of vascularity are readily visible (skin blanching, ecchymosis, hematoma, edema). With regard to the arterial supply, all vessels reaching the facial skin originate from the bilateral common carotid arteries. The ophthal­mic artery is considered the major arterial shunt between the internal and external carotid artery systems...
May 14, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Ayhan Yildirim, Heinz-Theo Lübbers, Ali Yildirim
Antiplatelet agents with the active ingredients acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin® protect 100), clopidogrel (Iscover®, Plavix®), prasugrel (Efient®) or ticagrelor (Brilique™) prevent the clumping of platelets and thus the formation of small clots at constrictions of the coronary arteries or on the metal struts of stents in the coronary artery or in bypass grafts. Large-scale studies have shown that taken regularly, these drugs can extend life and help prevent heart attacks. Especially in patients with newly implanted stents, the combination of the above-mentioned agents prevents sudden complete occlusion of the vessel concerned...
April 15, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Margarete B McGuigan, Henry F Duncan, Keith Horner
The potential of high resolution, three-dimensional (3D) images which overcome limitations such as superimposition and anatomical noise of two-dimensional (2D) conventional imaging, has made cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) an increasingly popular imaging modality in many dental applications. It is in light of the increasingly prevalent use of CBCT, particularly in a primary dental care setting, that the goal of this review is to investigate what evidence-based guidance is available to the clinician to justify and reduce radiation risk of this higher dose imaging modality while maintaining diagnostically acceptable images...
March 28, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Gregor Wasser, Samira H João-Souza, Adrian Lussi, Thiago S Carvalho
The present study sought to test oral-care products available on the Swiss market, such as toothpastes and gels, with respect to the protection of enamel against erosive tooth wear. A total of 56 enamel specimens were divided into 7 groups (n = 8): F-TP = Migros Budget Anti-Caries Toothpaste (Negative Control); F+Sn3500-TP = Elmex Erosion Protection Toothpaste (Positive Control); F-TP + F+Oligopep-Gel = Migros Budget Anti-Caries Toothpaste + Emofluor Protect Gel Professional; F+Sn3120-Gel = Emofluor Gel Intensive Care; F+Oligopep-TP = Candida Protect Professional Toothpaste; F+Sn1260-TP = Emoform-F Protect Toothpaste; and F+Sn3440-TP = Sensodyne Repair & Protect Toothpaste...
March 28, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
Beat Suter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
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