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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Vivian Wai-Mei Huang, Hsiu-Ju Chang, Karen Ivy Kroeker, Karen Jean Goodman, Kathleen M Hegadoren, Levinus Albert Dieleman, Richard Neil Fedorak
Background. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) affects patients in their young reproductive years. Women with IBD require maintenance therapies during pregnancy and breastfeeding. However, physician management of IBD during pregnancy and breastfeeding has not been well characterized. Objective. To characterize physician perceptions and management of IBD during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Methods. A cross-sectional survey of Canadian physicians who are involved in the care of women with IBD was conducted. The survey included multiple-choice and Likert scale questions about perceptions and practice patterns regarding the management of IBD during pregnancy and breastfeeding...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Jean-Frédéric LeBlanc, Myriam Martel, Alan N Barkun
Introduction. Data are conflicting when assessing indications for colorectal self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) in managing acute malignant large bowel obstruction (MLO). In November 2014, European and American Societies published guidelines to aid in understanding which patients might benefit from colorectal stenting. Yet, there remain marked disparities in clinical practice. Methods. A web-based survey was sent to Gastroenterologists and Surgical Specialists across Quebec to assess physicians' knowledge and adherence to the indications for colonic SEMS placement in the management of MLO using eight clinical scenarios...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Fiona Webster, Jigisha Patel, Kathleen Rice, Nancy Baxter, Lawrence Paszat, Linda Rabeneck, Jill Tinmouth
Background. Audit and feedback (A/F) reports are one of the few knowledge translation activities that can effect change in physician behavior. In this study, we pilot-tested an endoscopist A/F report to elicit opinions about the proposed report's usability, acceptability and usefulness, and implications for knowledge translation. Methods. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with eleven endoscopists in Ontario, Canada. We tested an A/F report template comprising 9 validated, accepted colonoscopy quality indicators populated with simulated data...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Maria Eduarda Lopes Baitello, Graciele Domitila Tenani, Rafael Fernandes Ferreira, Victor Nogueira, Marcela Augusta de Souza Pinhel, Rita de Cássia Martins Alves da Silva, Renato Ferreira da Silva, Patrícia da Silva Fucuta, Moacir Fernandes de Godoy, Dorotéia Rossi Silva Souza
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary neoplasia of the liver. Major risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma include chronic liver diseases, carcinogenic agents, and genetic alterations as well as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) involved in angiogenesis process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of VEGF-A (C936T and A1154G) with HCC and cirrhosis, in addition to serum levels of VEGF, clinical profile, lifestyle habits, and comorbidities. A total of 346 individuals were studied: 102 with HCC (G1), 117 with cirrhosis (G2), and 127 controls (G3)...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Becky Chen, Richard A Schreiber, Derek G Human, James E Potts, Orlee R Guttman
Background. Hepatic fibrosis is a potential complication following Fontan surgery and heralds long-term risk for cirrhosis. Transient elastography (TE) is a rapid, noninvasive method to assess liver fibrosis by measuring liver stiffness. Objectives. To compare liver stiffness and liver biochemistries in pediatric Fontan patients with age- and sex-matched controls and to determine patients' acceptance of TE. Methods. Patients were recruited from British Columbia Children's Hospital. Twenty-two Fontan patients (15 males) were identified...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Robert A Mitchell, Dylan Stanger, Constantin Shuster, Jennifer Telford, Eric Lam, Robert Enns
Background. There is a high incidence of inconclusive cytopathology at initial EUS-FNA (endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration) for suspected malignant pancreatic lesions. To obtain appropriate preoperative or palliative chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer, definitive cytopathology is often required. The utility of repeat EUS-FNA is not well established. Methods. A retrospective cohort study was conducted evaluating the yield of repeat EUS-FNA in determining a cytological diagnosis in patients who had undergone a prior EUS-FNA for diagnosis of suspected malignant pancreatic lesions with inconclusive cytopathology...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Harsha Moole, Sirish Dharmapuri, Abhiram Duvvuri, Sowmya Dharmapuri, Raghuveer Boddireddy, Vishnu Moole, Prathyusha Yedama, Naveen Bondalapati, Achuta Uppu, Charan Yerasi
Background. Palliation in advanced unresectable hilar malignancies can be achieved by endoscopic (EBD) or percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). It is unclear if one approach is superior to the other in this group of patients. Aims. Compare clinical outcomes of EBD versus PTBD. Methods. (i) Study Selection Criterion. Studies using PTBD and EBD for palliation of advanced unresectable hilar malignancies. (ii) Data Collection and Extraction. Articles were searched in Medline, PubMed, and Ovid journals...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Michael A Scaffidi, Ankit Garg, Brandon Ro, Christopher Wang, Tony T C Yang, Ian S Plener, Andrea Grin, Errol Colak, Samir C Grover
Background. Esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis (EIPD) is an idiopathic benign chronic disease characterized by flask-like outpouchings of the esophageal wall. It is unknown whether there is a genuine association between EIPD and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Aims. To investigate a possible relationship between EIPD and EoE. Methods. Patients with radiographic or endoscopic evidence of pseudodiverticulosis were identified from the database at a single academic center. Cases were analyzed in three areas: clinical information, endoscopic findings, and course...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Madhusudhan R Sanaka, Ramprasad Jegadeesan, Prashanthi N Thota, Udayakumar Navaneethan, Rocio Lopez, Sudish C Murthy, Siva Raja
Background and Aims. We initiated peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) utilizing a two-person technique with combination of an advanced endoscopist and a thoracic surgeon with complementary skills. Our aim was to determine the feasibility and outcomes in initial 20 patients. Methods. In this observational study, main outcomes measured were therapeutic success in relieving symptoms (Eckardt score < 3), decrease in lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressures, improvement in emptying on timed barium esophagogram (TBE), and complications...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Thirumazhisai Gunasekaran, Gautham Prabhakar, Alan Schwartz, Kiranmai Gorla, Sandeep Gupta, James Berman
Aim. Compare EoE-AP with EoE-D for clinical, endoscopy (EGD), histology and outcomes and also with FAP-N. Method. Symptoms, physical findings, EGD, histology, symptom scores, and treatments were recorded for the three groups. Cluster analysis was done. Results. Dysphagia and abdominal pain were different in numbers but not statistically significant between EoE-AP and EoE-D. EGD, linear furrows, white exudates were more in the EoE-D and both combined were significant (p < 0.05). EoE-D, peak and mean eosinophils (p  0...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Peng Yuan, Yeben Qian, Peng Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Jill Tinmouth, Emily T Vella, Nancy N Baxter, Catherine Dubé, Michael Gould, Amanda Hey, Nofisat Ismaila, Bronwen R McCurdy, Lawrence Paszat
Introduction. The objectives of this systematic review were to evaluate the evidence for different CRC screening tests and to determine the most appropriate ages of initiation and cessation for CRC screening and the most appropriate screening intervals for selected CRC screening tests in people at average risk for CRC. Methods. Electronic databases were searched for studies that addressed the research objectives. Meta-analyses were conducted with clinically homogenous trials. A working group reviewed the evidence to develop conclusions...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Giorgos Bamias, Michalis Gizis, Ioanna Delladetsima, Eyfrosyni Laoudi, Spyros I Siakavellas, Ioannis Koutsounas, Garyfallia Kaltsa, John Vlachogiannakos, Irene Vafiadis-Zouboulis, George L Daikos, George V Papatheodoridis, Spiros D Ladas
Background. Decoy-receptor 3 (DcR3) exerts antiapoptotic and immunomodulatory function and is overexpressed in neoplastic and inflammatory conditions. Serum DcR3 (sDcR3) levels during the chronic hepatitis/cirrhosis/hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) sequence have not been explored. Objective. To assess the levels and significance of sDcR3 protein in various stages of chronic liver disease. Methods. We compared sDcR3 levels between healthy controls and patients with chronic viral hepatitis (CVH), decompensated cirrhosis (DC), and HCC...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
S D Hadlock, N Liu, M Bernstein, M Gould, L Rabeneck, A Ruco, R Sutradhar, J M Tinmouth
Background. High quality reporting of endoscopic procedures is critical to the implementation of colonoscopy quality assurance programs. Objective. The aim of our research was to (1) determine the quality of colonoscopy (CS) reporting in "usual practice," (2) identify factors associated with good quality reporting, and (3) compare CS reporting in open-access and non-open-access procedures. Methods. 557 CS reports were randomly selected and assigned a score based on the number of mandatory data elements included in the report...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Canadian Association Of Gastroenterology, Canadian Association For The Study Of The Liver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
José Leonardo Faustini Pereira, Lucas Homercher Galant, Danusa Rossi, Luis Henrique Telles da Rosa, Eduardo Garcia, Ajácio Bandeira de Mello Brandão, Cláudio Augusto Marroni
Introduction. Liver diseases influence musculoskeletal functions and may negatively affect the exercise capacity of patients with cirrhosis. Aim. To test the relationship between the six-minute walk test (6MWT), maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), and exercise capacity (VO2peak) measures and the survival rate of patients with cirrhosis. Methods. This prospective cohort study consisted of 86 patients diagnosed with cirrhosis with the following aetiology: hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and/or alcoholic cirrhosis (AC)...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Rajan N Amin, Samip J Parikh, Venu Gopala Reddy Gangireddy, Praveen Kanneganti, Swathi Talla, Sumanth Daram
Background. Approximately one-fifth of all esophageal cancer cases are defined as early esophageal cancer (EEC). Although endoscopic therapy (ET) has been shown to be equally effective as esophagectomy (EST) in patients with EEC, there is little information comparing the survival outcomes of the two therapies based on anatomical location. Methods. A population-based study was conducted and the data was obtained from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program. Patients with EEC (i.e., stages Tis and T1a) and treated with either ET or EST were analyzed to compare EEC-related survival for three different locations of tumor...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Derek McKay, David Armstrong, Daniel Sadowski, Nicola Jones, Wallace MacNaughton, Paul Sinclair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Daniel Mønsted Shabanzadeh, Lars Tue Sørensen, Torben Jørgensen
Introduction. Symptoms associated with newly formed gallstones have never been studied in a population unaware of their gallstones. The objective of this population-based cohort study was to determine which debut of abdominal symptoms was associated with newly formed gallstones. Materials and Methods. A cohort study was performed of a random sample from general population of Copenhagen. Participants had ultrasound examinations and answered questionnaires about abdominal symptoms at baseline and two reexaminations over 12 years...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Han-Yue Mo, Bang-De Xiang, Jian-Hong Zhong, Le-Qun Li, Xue-Mei You
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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