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Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761129/corrigendum
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1002/acn3.255.].
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761128/brain-computer-interfaces-for-post-stroke-motor-rehabilitation-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
María A Cervera, Surjo R Soekadar, Junichi Ushiba, José Del R Millán, Meigen Liu, Niels Birbaumer, Gangadhar Garipelli
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) can provide sensory feedback of ongoing brain oscillations, enabling stroke survivors to modulate their sensorimotor rhythms purposefully. A number of recent clinical studies indicate that repeated use of such BCIs might trigger neurological recovery and hence improvement in motor function. Here, we provide a first meta-analysis evaluating the clinical effectiveness of BCI-based post-stroke motor rehabilitation. Trials were identified using MEDLINE, CENTRAL, PEDro and by inspection of references in several review articles...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761127/elevated-lgi1-igg-csf-index-predicts-worse-neurological-outcome
#3
Avi Gadoth, Anastasia Zekeridou, Christopher J Klein, Colton J Thoreson, Masoud Majed, Divyanshu Dubey, Eoin P Flanagan, Andrew McKeon, Sarah M Jenkins, Vanda A Lennon, Sean J Pittock
To determine whether CSF leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1(LGI1)-IgG titer, index or IgG subclass has prognostic significance, we tested serum and CSF specimens collected concomitantly from 39 seropositive patients. LGI1-IgG index was elevated (>1) in 21 patients (54%), suggesting intrathecal synthesis. Patients with worse outcome at last follow-up (modified Rankin Scale >2) had significantly higher index (median 6.57 vs. 0.5, P  = 0.048) compared to those with better outcome. Higher CSF LGI1-IgG4 subclass-specific titer and index correlated with worse outcome ( P  < 0...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761126/seronegative-antibody-mediated-neurology-after-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors
#4
Robert Wilson, David A Menassa, Alexander J Davies, Sophia Michael, Joanna Hester, Wilhelm Kuker, Graham P Collins, Judith Cossins, David Beeson, Neil Steven, Paul Maddison, Simon Rinaldi, Saiju Jacob, Sarosh R Irani
Checkpoint inhibitor medications have revolutionized oncology practice, but frequently induce immune-related adverse events. During autoimmune neurology practice over 20 months, we prospectively identified four patients with likely antibody-mediated neurological diseases after checkpoint inhibitors: longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and myasthenia gravis. All patients shared three characteristics: symptoms commenced 4 weeks after drug administration, responses to conventional immunotherapies were excellent, and autoantibodies traditionally associated with their syndrome were absent...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761125/inflammation-is-a-key-risk-factor-for-persistent-seizures-in-neurocysticercosis
#5
Jesica A Herrick, Biswajit Maharathi, Jin Suh Kim, Gerardo G Abundis, Anjali Garg, Isidro Gonzales, Herbert Saavedra, Javier A Bustos, Hector H Garcia, Jeffrey A Loeb
Objective: We conducted a retrospective, case-control study of neurocysticercosis patients to ascertain early markers that identify subjects likely to develop treatment-resistant seizures. Methods: Clinical histories and imaging studies from 38 neurocysticercosis patients who had been followed for 18 months after treatment were evaluated. Both pairwise and multifactorial analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with continued seizures. Results: Eleven of 38 patients continued to have seizures during the follow-up period...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761124/progranulin-levels-in-blood-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#6
Yonatan A Cooper, Daniel Nachun, Deepika Dokuru, Zhongan Yang, Anna M Karydas, Ginette Serrero, Binbin Yue, Adam L Boxer, Bruce L Miller, Giovanni Coppola
Objective: Changes in progranulin ( GRN ) expression have been hypothesized to alter risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated the relationship between GRN expression in peripheral blood and clinical diagnosis of AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: Peripheral blood progranulin gene expression was measured, using microarrays from Alzheimer's ( n = 186), MCI ( n = 118), and control ( n = 204) subjects from the University of California San Francisco Memory and Aging Center (UCSF-MAC) and two independent published series (AddNeuroMed and ADNI)...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761123/zika-virus-and-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-in-bangladesh
#7
Corine H GeurtsvanKessel, Zhahirul Islam, Md Badrul Islam, Sandra Kamga, Nowshin Papri, David A M C van de Vijver, Chantal Reusken, Ramona Mogling, Astrid P Heikema, Israt Jahan, Florence K Pradel, Rebecca L Pavlicek, Quazi D Mohammad, Marion P G Koopmans, Bart C Jacobs, Hubert P Endtz
Objective: Previous studies have associated Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) with Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreaks in South America and Oceania. In Asia, ZIKV is known to circulate widely, but the association with Guillain-Barré syndrome is unclear. We investigated whether endemic ZIKV infection is associated with the development of GBS. Methods: A prospective study was conducted from 2011 to 2015 in Bangladesh. A total of 418 patients and 418 healthy family controls were included in the study...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761122/bortezomib-treatment-for-severe-refractory-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis
#8
Yong-Won Shin, Soon-Tae Lee, Tae-Joon Kim, Jin-Sun Jun, Kon Chu
Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic potential of bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor that target plasma cells, in order to revive stalled recovery in patients with anti- N -methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis who remain bedridden even after aggressive immunotherapy. Methods: We consecutively enrolled patients with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis who remained bedridden after first-line immunotherapy (steroids and intravenous immunoglobulin), second-line immunotherapy (rituximab), and tocilizumab treatment, and treated them with subcutaneous bortezomib...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761121/poly-gp-neurofilament-and-grey-matter-deficits-in-c9orf72-expansion-carriers
#9
Lieke H H Meeter, Tania F Gendron, Ana C Sias, Lize C Jiskoot, Silvia P Russo, Laura Donker Kaat, Janne M Papma, Jessica L Panman, Emma L van der Ende, Elise G Dopper, Sanne Franzen, Caroline Graff, Adam L Boxer, Howard J Rosen, Raquel Sanchez-Valle, Daniela Galimberti, Yolande A L Pijnenburg, Luisa Benussi, Roberta Ghidoni, Barbara Borroni, Robert Laforce, Marta Del Campo, Charlotte E Teunissen, Rick van Minkelen, Julio C Rojas, Giovanni Coppola, Dan H Geschwind, Rosa Rademakers, Anna M Karydas, Linn Öijerstedt, Elio Scarpini, Giuliano Binetti, Alessandro Padovani, David M Cash, Katrina M Dick, Martina Bocchetta, Bruce L Miller, Jonathan D Rohrer, Leonard Petrucelli, John C van Swieten, Suzee E Lee
Objective: To evaluate poly(GP), a dipeptide repeat protein, and neurofilament light chain (NfL) as biomarkers in presymptomatic C9orf72 repeat expansion carriers and patients with C9orf72- associated frontotemporal dementia. Additionally, to investigate the relationship of poly(GP) with indicators of neurodegeneration as measured by NfL and grey matter volume. Methods: We measured poly(GP) and NfL levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 25 presymptomatic C9orf72 expansion carriers, 64 symptomatic expansion carriers with dementia, and 12 noncarriers...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761120/an-image-based-model-of-brain-volume-biomarker-changes-in-huntington-s-disease
#10
Peter A Wijeratne, Alexandra L Young, Neil P Oxtoby, Razvan V Marinescu, Nicholas C Firth, Eileanoir B Johnson, Amrita Mohan, Cristina Sampaio, Rachael I Scahill, Sarah J Tabrizi, Daniel C Alexander
Objective: Determining the sequence in which Huntington's disease biomarkers become abnormal can provide important insights into the disease progression and a quantitative tool for patient stratification. Here, we construct and present a uniquely fine-grained model of temporal progression of Huntington's disease from premanifest through to manifest stages. Methods: We employ a probabilistic event-based model to determine the sequence of appearance of atrophy in brain volumes, learned from structural MRI in the Track-HD study, as well as to estimate the uncertainty in the ordering...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761119/antibodies-against-cell-adhesion-molecules-and-neural-structures-in-paraneoplastic-neuropathies
#11
Ana M Siles, Eugenia Martínez-Hernández, Josefa Araque, Jordi Diaz-Manera, Ricard Rojas-Garcia, Eduard Gallardo, Isabel Illa, Francesc Graus, Luis Querol
Objective: Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes (PNS) are rare neurological disorders in which ectopic expression of neural antigens by a tumor results in an autoimmune attack against the nervous system. Onconeural antibodies not only guide PNS diagnosis but may also help detecting underlying malignancies. Our project aims to uncover new potential antibodies in paraneoplastic neuropathies (PN). Methods: Thirty-four patients fulfilling diagnostic criteria of possible ( n = 9; 26...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761118/susceptibility-weighted-and-diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-to-evaluate-encephalomalacia-with-epilepsy-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Wenbin Li, Xuan Wang, Xiaoer Wei, Mingliang Wang
Objective: Encephalomalacia after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the factors leading to epilepsy. In this study, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to explore the brain image features of epilepsy after traumatic encephalomalacia, and to provide objective evidence for predicting the possible occurrence of epilepsy after traumatic encephalomalacia. Methods: Two-hundred-fifty-two patients with traumatic encephalomalacia were prospectively enrolled in the study...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761117/genomic-analysis-identifies-masqueraders-of-full-term-cerebral-palsy
#13
Yusuke Takezawa, Atsuo Kikuchi, Kazuhiro Haginoya, Tetsuya Niihori, Yurika Numata-Uematsu, Takehiko Inui, Saeko Yamamura-Suzuki, Takuya Miyabayashi, Mai Anzai, Sato Suzuki-Muromoto, Yukimune Okubo, Wakaba Endo, Noriko Togashi, Yasuko Kobayashi, Akira Onuma, Ryo Funayama, Matsuyuki Shirota, Keiko Nakayama, Yoko Aoki, Shigeo Kure
Objective: Cerebral palsy is a common, heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder that causes movement and postural disabilities. Recent studies have suggested genetic diseases can be misdiagnosed as cerebral palsy. We hypothesized that two simple criteria, that is, full-term births and nonspecific brain MRI findings, are keys to extracting masqueraders among cerebral palsy cases due to the following: (1) preterm infants are susceptible to multiple environmental factors and therefore demonstrate an increased risk of cerebral palsy and (2) brain MRI assessment is essential for excluding environmental causes and other particular disorders...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761116/estimation-of-intrathecal-igg-synthesis-simulation-of-the-risk-of-underestimation
#14
Mickael Bonnan, Mariana Gianoli-Guillerme, Henri Courtade, Stéphanie Demasles, Elsa Krim, Raluca Marasescu, Hervé Dréau, Stéphane Debeugny, Bruno Barroso
Objective: The low level of passively diffused IgG through the blood-brain barrier is sufficient to blur the estimation of intrathecal IgG synthesis (ITS). Therefore, this estimation requires a mathematical calculation derived from empirical laws, but the range of normal values in healthy controls is wide enough to prevent a precise calculation. This study investigated the precision of various methods of ITS estimations and their application to two clinical situations: plasma exchange and immune suppression targeting ITS...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761115/depdc5-knockdown-causes-mtor-dependent-motor-hyperactivity-in-zebrafish
#15
Hortense de Calbiac, Adriana Dabacan, Elise Marsan, Hervé Tostivint, Gabrielle Devienne, Saeko Ishida, Eric Leguern, Stéphanie Baulac, Raul C Muresan, Edor Kabashi, Sorana Ciura
Objective: DEPDC5 was identified as a major genetic cause of focal epilepsy with deleterious mutations found in a wide range of inherited forms of focal epilepsy, associated with malformation of cortical development in certain cases. Identification of frameshift, truncation, and deletion mutations implicates haploinsufficiency of DEPDC5 in the etiology of focal epilepsy. DEPDC5 is a component of the GATOR1 complex, acting as a negative regulator of mTOR signaling. Methods: Zebrafish represents a vertebrate model suitable for genetic analysis and drug screening in epilepsy-related disorders...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688227/whole-genome-sequencing-of-caribbean-hispanic-families-with-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Badri N Vardarajan, Sandra Barral, James Jaworski, Gary W Beecham, Elizabeth Blue, Giuseppe Tosto, Dolly Reyes-Dumeyer, Martin Medrano, Rafael Lantigua, Adam Naj, Timothy Thornton, Anita DeStefano, Eden Martin, Li-San Wang, Lisa Brown, William Bush, Cornelia van Duijn, Allison Goate, Lindsay Farrer, Jonathan L Haines, Eric Boerwinkle, Gerard Schellenberg, Ellen Wijsman, Margaret A Pericak-Vance, Richard Mayeux, Li-San Wang
Objective: To identify rare causal variants underlying known loci that segregate with late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) in multiplex families. Methods: We analyzed whole genome sequences (WGS) from 351 members of 67 Caribbean Hispanic (CH) families from Dominican Republic and New York multiply affected by LOAD. Members of 67 CH and additional 47 Caucasian families underwent WGS as a part of the Alzheimer's Disease Sequencing Project (ADSP). All members of 67 CH families, an additional 48 CH families and an independent CH case-control cohort were subsequently genotyped for validation...
April 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687028/deep-cerebral-vein-expansion-with-metabolic-and-neurocognitive-recovery-in-sturge-weber-syndrome
#17
Flóra John, Mohsin Maqbool, Jeong-Won Jeong, Rajkumar Agarwal, Michael E Behen, Csaba Juhász
We present longitudinal imaging data of a child with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS). At age 8 months, 3 weeks after initial seizures and prolonged motor deficit, MRI showed extensive right hemispheric SWS involvement with severe glucose hypometabolism on PET. She was treated with levetiracetam and aspirin. Follow-up imaging at age 29 months showed a robust interval expansion of enlarged deep medullary veins throughout the affected hemisphere along with a dramatic recovery of hemispheric metabolism and normalized neurocognitive functioning...
April 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687027/head-and-voice-tremor-improving-with-immunotherapy-in-an-anti-nf155-positive-cidp-patient
#18
Cèlia Painous, Mª Ángeles López-Pérez, Isabel Illa, Luis Querol
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy with NF155 antibodies (anti-NF155+) constitutes a specific chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy subset with a high incidence of limb's tremor and poor response to conventional therapies. We report a patient with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy anti-NF155+ with a severe tremor involving limbs, head and voice that responded very well to rituximab. This response correlated with a sharp decrease in the anti-NF155 titers...
April 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687026/csf-serum-matrix-metallopeptidase-9-ratio-discriminates-neuro-beh%C3%A3-et-from-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Alessandra Aldinucci, Elena Bonechi, Tiziana Biagioli, Anna M Repice, Mario M D'Elios, Lorenzo Emmi, Giacomo Emmi, Elena Silvestri, Alessandro Barilaro, Clara Ballerini
In neuro Behçet disease with multiple sclerosis-like features, diagnosis could be challenging. Here, we studied the cerebrospinal fluid and serum inflammatory profile of 11 neuro Behçet and 21 relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients. Between the soluble factors analyzed (MMP9, TNF α , IL6, CXCL13, CXCL10, CXCL8, IFN γ , IL10, IL17, IL23, and others) we found MMP9 increased in neuro Behçet serum compared to multiple sclerosis and decreased in cerebrospinal fluid. Furthermore, neuro Behçet analysis of circulating natural killer CD56DIM subset suggests their potential involvement in increased MMP9 production...
April 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687025/autoimmune-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome
#20
Mari Watari, Shunya Nakane, Akihiro Mukaino, Makoto Nakajima, Yukiko Mori, Yasuhiro Maeda, Teruaki Masuda, Koutaro Takamatsu, Yanosuke Kouzaki, Osamu Higuchi, Hidenori Matsuo, Yukio Ando
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) and circulating antiganglionic acetylcholine receptor (gAChR) antibodies. We reviewed clinical assessments of Japanese patients with POTS, and determined the presence of gAChR antibodies in serum samples from those patients. Luciferase immunoprecipitation systems detected anti-gAChR α 3 and β 4 antibodies in the sera from POTS (29%). Antecedent infections were frequently reported in patients in POTS patients...
April 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
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