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Jovana de Moura Milanesi, Luana Cristina Berwig, Mariana Marquezan, Luiz Henrique Schuch, Anaelena Bragança de Moraes, Ana Maria Toniolo da Silva, Eliane Castilhos Rodrigues Corrêa
PURPOSE: : This study was conducted to identify variables associated with mouth breathing diagnosis in children, based on multidisciplinary domains. METHODS: 119 children, six to 12 years old, underwent anamnesis, speech therapy (orofacial structures and stomatognathic functions), otorhinolaryngologic (OTRL) with clinical and endoscopic examinations, dental (occlusion) and physiotherapy (body posture and nasal patency) assessments. Nasal patency was evaluated using Peak Nasal Inspiratory Flow (PNIF) and the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale...
March 19, 2018: CoDAS
Cláudia Lopes Carvalho, Ariella Fornachari Ribeiro Belan, Leila Regina de Castro, Márcia Radanovic
PURPOSE: To characterize the linguistic profile of adults and elderly with Down Syndrome (DS) using the Arizona Battery for Communication Disorders of Dementia (ABCD). METHODS: Thirty adult individuals with DS were evaluated through the MoCA cognitive battery, four functional scales (Pfeffer, Lawton-IADL, Katz-IADL and IQCODE) and the ABCD battery, which evaluates Mental State, Episodic Memory, Linguistic Expression, Linguistic Comprehension and Visuospatial Construction...
March 12, 2018: CoDAS
Bárbara Carolina Brandão, Alline de Sousa Galdino, Luciano Garcia Lourenção, Glaucia Santana Trindade, Magali Aparecida Orate Menezes da Silva, Roberta Gonçalves da Silva
OBJECTIVE: Describe and correlate bulbar functionality with laryngeal penetration and/or laryngotracheal aspiration for different food consistencies in Motor Neuron Disease (MND). METHODS: Study participants were 18 individuals diagnosed with MND regardless of the type and time of onset of disease. The Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale - Revised/BR (ALSFRS-R/BR) was applied, and only the bulbar parameter, which includes speech, salivation and swallowing, was analyzed, with scores raging from 0 (disability) to 12 (normal functionality)...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
Thaís Helena Ferreira Santos, Ana Carolina Martins Cortez, Gabrielle Sauini, Ana Carolina Carvalho do Nascimento, Fernanda Dreux Miranda Fernandes
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to apply the Test of Pragmatic Skills in Brazilian children with normal development. METHODS: Participants of this study were 60 children 3:00 to 8:11 years old, equally divided between genders. The examiners had prior contact with the group of children and applied the TOPS - a traditional test that proposes four sets of simple activities, with the common material, applicable in a short period of time - according to the procedure proposed by the author...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
Jordana da Silva Freitas, Maria Cristina de Almeida Freitas Cardoso
PURPOSE: Determine the occurrence of dysphagia symptoms in children with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) pre- and post-surgical correction. METHODS: Quantitative observational cross-sectional study. Existence of clef lip and/or palate without association with other syndromes was the study inclusion and/or exclusion criterion. Parents and/or legal guardians responded to a recall questionnaire on the identification of occurrence of coughing, choking, vomiting, and nasal escape pre- and postoperatively and whether these symptoms disappeared after surgical correction...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
Ingrid Rafaella Dantas Dos Santos, Joseli Soares Brazorotto
In order to improve speech-language development in children with hearing impairment, in addition to speech-language therapy, the family should be the modifying agent for a satisfactory therapeutic response. Studies that analyze the effectiveness of speech-language pathology (SLP) intervention programs through video feedback are important, given the positive effects of this tool on the modification of behaviors with families of children with disabilities. Therefore, it is believed that video feedback interventions contribute improve the communicative interactions between the families and children assisted by auditory rehabilitation services...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
Caroline Rodrigues Portalete, Eduarda Giovelli Fernandes, Karina Carlesso Pagliarin
OBJECTIVE: Propose a protocol for instrumental assessment of adult speech considering psychometric and linguistic criteria. METHODS: The choice of words was based on previously defined Brazilian Portuguese linguistic criteria after a search on the "Portal da Língua Portuguesa" database using the Portuguese Orthographic Vocabulary (VOP). The defined linguistic criteria considered grammatical class, vowel context, number of syllables, stress, and presence of words in the daily life of Brazilian adults...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
Kaliani Lima Coça, Anke Bergmann, Sima Ferman, Elisabete Carrara de Angelis, Márcia Gonçalves Ribeiro
PURPOSE: Describe the prevalence of communication, swallowing and orofacial myofunctional disorders in a group of children and adolescents at the time of registration at a cancer hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted with children aged ≥2 and adolescents, of both genders, admitted to the Pediatric Oncology Section of the Instituto Nacional de Câncer José de Alencar Gomes da Silva (INCA) from March 2014 to April 2015 for investigation and/or treatment of solid tumors...
March 1, 2018: CoDAS
Kelli Cristina do Prado Côrrea, Maria Aparecida Miranda de Paula Machado, Simone Rocha de Vasconcellos Hage
PURPOSE: Examine a set of competencies in children beginning the process of literacy and find whether there is positive correlation with their level of writing. METHODS: Study conducted with 70 six-year-old students enrolled in the first year of Elementary School in municipal schools. The children were submitted to the Initial Reading and Writing Competence Assessment Battery (BACLE) and the Diagnostic Probing Protocol for classification of their level of writing...
March 1, 2018: CoDAS
Paula Colvara de Souza, Vanessa Souza Gigoski, Camila Lúcia Etges, Lisiane da Rosa Barbosa
PURPOSE: Describe the findings of postoperative clinical evaluation of swallowing in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) in a reference hospital in southern Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted postoperatively with infants with medical diagnosis of CHD aged 0-6 months in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. Exclusion criteria comprised infants with neurological and respiratory impairments, craniofacial malformation, structural alteration in the upper airways, and suspicion or diagnosis of genetic syndromes...
March 1, 2018: CoDAS
Talita Maria Monteiro Farias Barbosa, Ivonaldo Leidson Barbosa Lima, Giorvan Ânderson Dos Santos Alves, Isabelle Cahino Delgado
PURPOSE: To analyze the contributions of speech-language therapy in the integration of young individuals with Down syndrome (DS) into the workplace, with reference to their professionalization. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to eight undergraduate students (tutors) who participated in a project with individuals with DS, five mothers of individuals with DS, and five employees from the institution in which the present study was conducted. The questionnaire assessed the communication, memory, behavior, social interaction, autonomy and independence of the participants with DS, called "trainees"...
March 1, 2018: CoDAS
Deborah Karolyne Mendes Maranhão, Moysés Loiola Ponte de Souza, Maria Lúcia Gurgel da Costa, Ana Cláudia de Carvalho Vieira
PURPOSE: Characterize the profile of aphasic syndromes determined by aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) of the left middle cerebral artery (LMCA). METHODS: An analytical, retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted using a database of cognitive assessments of 193 patients with aSAH admitted to Hospital da Restauração between March 2007 and November 2009. Of these, a total of 26 patients with aSAH in the LMCA territory confirmed by digital angiography were selected...
February 22, 2018: CoDAS
Francisca Pinheiro Fontoura, Cláudia Giglio de Oliveira Gonçalves, Mariluci Hautsch Willig, Debora Lüders
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effectiveness of educational interventions on hearing health developed at a hospital laundry. METHODS: Quantitative assessment conducted at a hospital laundry. The study sample comprised 80 workers of both genders divided into two groups: Study Group (SG) and Control Group (CG). The educational interventions in hearing preservation were evaluated based on a theoretical approach using the Participatory Problem-based Methodology in five workshops...
February 19, 2018: CoDAS
Monique Herrera Cardoso, Simone Aparecida Capellini
PURPOSE: Perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Detailed Assessment of Speed of Handwriting 17+ (DASH 17+) for Brazilians. METHODS: Evaluation of (1) conceptual, item and (2) semantic equivalence, with assistance of four translators and application of a pilot study to 36 students. RESULTS: (1) The concepts and items are equivalent in the British and Brazilian cultures. (2) Adaptations were made concerning the English language pangram used in copying tasks and selection of the lower-case, cursive handwriting in the alphabet-writing task...
February 19, 2018: CoDAS
Bárbara Pereira Lopes Lobo, Glaucya Maria Vicente Madazio, Flávia Azevedo Righi Badaró, Mara Suzana Behlau
Purpose The objective of this study was to investigate the knowledge of preachers about aspects of vocal health and hygiene and evaluate talkativeness and vocal loudness self-perceived during labor and extra-labor situations aiming to understand the possibility of vocal risk in these professionals. Methods Fifty male preachers aged 22 to 73 years were evaluated. They responded to two self-assessment questionnaires on vocal health and hygiene and talkativeness and vocal loudness. The results were submitted to statistical analysis...
2018: CoDAS
Caroline Somera Marrafon, Leandro Luongo Matos, Marcia Simões-Zenari, Claudio Roberto Cernea, Katia Nemr
Purpose Assess the effectiveness of an orofacial myofunctional therapeutic program in patients with oral or oropharyngeal cancer submitted to adjuvant radiotherapy through pre- and post-program comparison of maximum mandibular opening. Methods Prospective study involving five adult patients and five elderly patients postoperatively to oral cavity/oropharynx surgery who were awaiting the beginning of radiotherapy or had undergone fewer than five treatment sessions. The study participants had their maximum jaw opening measured using a sliding caliper at the beginning and end of the program...
2018: CoDAS
Aline Mara de Oliveira Vassoler, Larissa Cristina Berti
Objective The present study aims to compare the production of syllabic patterns of the CVC and CV types performed by Brazilian children with typical and atypical phonological development through ultrasonography of tongue. Methods Ten children (five with typical and with five atypical phonological development) recorded nine pairs of words from the syllables: CCV and CV. The images and audios were captured simultaneously by the Articulate Assistant Advanced software. The data were submitted to perceptive analysis and ultrasonographic articulatory analysis (the area between the tip and the blade of the tongue)...
2018: CoDAS
Letícia Corrêa Celeste, Edlaine Souza Pereira, Naira Rúbia Rodrigues Pereira, Luciana Mendonça Alves
Purpose Characterize and compare melodic variation and reading speed and verify their evolution throughout the development of schooling. Methods The reading of 78 Elementary School (2nd to 5th grade) students was analyzed using the Praat program with regards to the parameters of melodic variation (F0) and reading speed (Duration). Statistical measures (mean and standard deviation) were taken and the Student´s t-test was applied at significance level of 5%. Results Melodic variation and reading speed increased as schooling progressed, especially during 5th grade...
2018: CoDAS
David Victor Kumar Irugu, Anoop Singh, Sravan Ch, Achyuth Panuganti, Anand Acharya, Hitesh Varma, Ramya Thota, Maurizio Falcioni, Sridhar Reddy
Purpose To study the intraoperative findings in case of early and delayed decompression of facial nerve paralysis and compare their results. Methods Retrospective data analysis of 23 cases of longitudinal temporal bone fracture with House-Brackmann grade V and VI facial nerve paralysis. All cases were thoroughly evaluated and underwent facial nerve decompression through the transmastoid approach. All cases were under regular follow-up till the date of manuscript submission. Results Clinical improvement of the facial nerve function was observed for early vs...
2018: CoDAS
Eliane Cristina Pereira, Cristina de Oliveira Rodrigues, Kelly Cristina Alves Silvério, Glaucya Madazio, Mara Behlau
PURPOSE: To compare vocal and acoustic parameters of HIV-infected children and non-HIV-infected children. METHODS: Vocal samples were submitted to auditory-perceptual and acoustic analysis. Samples of the sustained vowel /ε/ and continuous speech of 74 children between 6 and incomplete 12 years old were analyzed, divided into two groups: 37 HIV-infected children (GHIV) and 37 non-HIV-infected children, the control group (CG), age and gender-matched and without previous vocal evaluation; they were all prepubescent by the Tanner Stages (MS, 2014)...
December 11, 2017: CoDAS
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