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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001276/effects-of-prematurity-on-language-acquisition-and-auditory-maturation-a-systematic-review
#1
Inaê Costa Rechia, Luciéle Dias Oliveira, Anelise Henrich Crestani, Eliara Pinto Vieira Biaggio, Ana Paula Ramos de Souza
Purpose: To verify which damages prematurity causes to hearing and language. Research strategies: We used the decriptors language/linguagem, hearing/audição, prematurity/prematuridade in databases LILACS, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and Scielo. Selection criteria: randomized controlled trials, non-randomized intervention studies and descriptive studies (cross-sectional, cohort, case-control projects). Data analysis: The articles were assessed independently by two authors according to the selection criteria...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001275/speech-language-pathology-findings-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
Nárli Machado-Nascimento, Arthur Melo E Kümmer, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose: To systematically review the scientific production on the relationship between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Speech-language Pathology and to methodologically analyze the observational studies on the theme. Research strategies: Systematic review of the literature conducted at the databases Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System online (MEDLINE, USA), Literature of Latin America and the Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS, Brazil) and Spanish Bibliographic Index of Health Sciences (IBECS, Spain) using the descriptors: "Language", "Language Development", "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder", "ADHD" and "Auditory Perception"...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001274/language-behavior-and-neurodevelopment-in-joubert-syndrome-a-case-report
#3
Dionísia Aparecida Cusin Lamônica, Camila da Costa Ribeiro, Antonio Richieri-Costa, Célia Maria Giacheti
The Joubert syndrome (JS) is a rare, heterogeneous genetic condition among the ciliopathies. More than 20 genes have been identified associated with this phenotype. The main manifestations include hypotonia, ataxia, psychomotor retardation, ocular-motor apraxia and neonatal respiratory abnormalities. The objective of this paper was to present language and neurodevelopmental findings of an individual diagnosed with JS. The following procedures were performed: anamnesis, clinical genetic evaluation observation of communicative behavior, evaluation of language, the Denver Developmental Screening Test II (DDST-II) and the Early Language Milestone Scale (ELMS)...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001273/effect-of-speech-language-therapy-after-low-level-laser-therapy-in-patients-with-tmd-a-descriptive-study
#4
Melissa de Oliveira Melchior, Bárbara Cristina Zanandréa Machado, Lais Valencise Magri, Marcelo Oliveira Mazzetto
Increased pain and/or discomfort during chewing, speaking, and swallowing have been commonly reported by patients with Temporomandibular Dysfunction (TMD). Speech-language pathology therapy (orofacial myofunctional therapy - OMT) has been proposed as part of the treatment for this condition; however, it is a modality that should be introduced when the TMD context and the pain are not accentuated, so that they do not prevent or hinder the performance of exercises. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of OMT on the treatment of patients with TMD, according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD), after analgesia with low-level laser therapy (LLLT), regarding orofacial myofunctional conditions (OMC) and the perception of TMD symptoms...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001272/change-in-the-nose-areas-in-children-with-mouth-breathing-after-nasal-cleansing-and-massage
#5
Ana Carolina Cardoso de Melo, Adriana de Oliveira Camargo Gomes, Daniele Andrade da Cunha, Sandro Júnior Henrique Lima, Wigna Rayssa Pereira Lima, Renata Andrade da Cunha, Hilton Justino da Silva
Purpose: To analyze the changes occurred in the nasal cavity geometry, before and after nasal cleansing, through nasal aeration and acoustic rhinometry in children with oral breathing. Methods: Twenty children aged four to 12 years were included in the study. The gathering of participants was conducted at the Multifunctional Laboratory of the Speech Pathology Department of the Federal University of Pernambuco - UFPE. The following procedures were conducted: Identification Index of Signs and Symptoms of Oral Breathing; marking of nasal expiratory airflow using the graded mirror of Altmann, and examination of the Nasal Geometry by Acoustic Rhinometry...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001271/validation-of-risk-indicators-for-the-constitution-of-the-reader-scribe
#6
Janaina de Albuquerque Venezian, Regina Maria Freire
Purpose: To evaluate risk factors for the constitution of the reader/scribe. Methods: This is an exploratory study in which a retrospective questionnaire about the child before entering elementary school, based on preliminary indicators for the constitution of the subject reader/scribe, was applied to a population of 293 parents of elementary school students from a public school in São Paulo. The findings were crossed with the diagnostic survey of writing of students from the 1st to the 5th grade and with the evaluation of text production of students from the 3rd to the 5th grade...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001270/speech-language-pathology-assessment-for-tracheal-decannulation-in-patients-suffering-from-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Isabel de Lima Zanata, Rosane Sampaio Santos, Jair Mendes Marques, Gisela Carmona Hirata, Daiane Aparecida Dos Santos
Purpose: To describe the effect of Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) management on the tracheal decannulation process in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: Prospective controlled clinical study. Two groups of patients with TBI confirmed by computed axial tomography were included in the study group (G1) and control group (G2) composed of 30 individuals each, with 25 (83.3%) male and 5 (16.7%) female individuals in both groups. Patients' age ranged from 18 to 53 years old - mean age was 32 years...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001269/editorial
#8
EDITORIAL
Ana Luiza Navas, Roberta Gonçalves da Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982255/e-reading-ii-words-database-for-reading-by-students-from-basic-education-ii
#9
Adriana Marques de Oliveira, Simone Aparecida Capellini
Purpose: To develop a database of words of high, medium and low frequency in reading for Basic Education II. Methods: The words were taken from the teaching material for Portuguese Language, used by the teaching network of the State of São Paulo in the 6th to the 9th year of Basic Education. Only nouns were selected. The frequency with which each word occurred was recorded and a single database was created. In order to classify the words as of high, medium and low frequency, the decision was taken to work with the distribution terciles, mean frequency and the cutoff point of the terciles...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982254/electrophysiological-characterization-of-hearing-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome
#10
Hellen Medeiros Kazan, Alessandra Giannella Samelli, Ivone Ferreira Neves-Lobo, Fernanda Cristina Leite Magliaro, Suelly Cecília Olivan Limongi, Carla Gentile Matas
Introduction: Few studies have performed Brainstem (BAEP) and P300 Auditory Evoked Potentials simultaneously to assess central auditory pathways in normal hearing individuals with Down syndrome (DS), mainly because of the difficulty in applying these procedures to this population. Previous studies have suggested that individuals with DS might present different patterns of response compared with those of individuals with typical development; nevertheless, the identification of these potentials would be crucial for the establishment of an accurate audiological diagnosis...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982253/comprehension-of-ambiguity-for-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Mariana Katsumi Ishihara, Ana Carina Tamanaha, Jacy Perissinoto
Purpose: To verify and compare the performance of children and adolescents with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) using a formal, standardized test that assesses language competence, more specifically comprehension of ambiguity. Methods: The sample comprised 19 individuals aged 6 to 14 years, of both genders, divided into two groups: ASD Group (9) and SLI Group (10). Participants were assessed using the Test of Language Competence - TLC; Ambiguous Sentences subtest (Wiig, Secord, 1989)...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982252/standard-operating-procedure-implementation-critical-analysis-and-validation-in-the-audiology-department-at-cesteh-fiocruz
#12
Anelisse Vasco Mascarenhas de Freitas, Elinaldo Leite Quixabeiro, Geórgia Rosangela Soares Luz, Viviane Moreira Franco, Viviane Fontes Dos Santos
Purpose: Evaluate three standard operational procedures (SOPs), regarding the application of the brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) test, implemented by the Audiology Department of the Center for Studies in Occupational Health and Human Ecology (CESTEH) through the application of a questionnaire and to verify whether the SOPs are effective and assess the necessity for improvement. Methods: The study was conducted in three phases: in the first phase, eight speech-language pathologists and seven physicians, with no experience in BAEP, were instructed to read and perform each SOP, eventually all individuals evaluated the SOPs by responding to a questionnaire; in the second phase, the questionnaires were analyzed and the three SOP texts were reviewed; in the third phase, nine speech-language pathologists and six physicians, also with no experience in BAEP, read and re-evaluated the reviewed SOPs through a questionnaire...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982251/hearing-loss-classification-by-degree-configuration-and-relationship-with-amplified-speech-intelligibility-index-sii
#13
Renata de Souza Lima Figueiredo, Beatriz Mendes, Maria Carolina Versolatto Cavanaugh, Beatriz Novaes
Purpose: To establish the relationship between speech intelligibility index (SII) values generated at the verification of hearing aids programmed according to DSLm [i/o] v5 prescription rule and a proposed individual classification that considers the combination of hearing loss degree and configuration. Methods: Forty-one children aged between 4 and 80 months were selected, totaling 78 ears for analysis. We considered hearing thresholds at the frequencies of 250, 500, 1000, 2000 and 4000 Hz; and analyzed values of the Speech Intelligibility Index (SII) for the input signal of 65 dB SPL obtained during the verification of hearing aids using the equipment Verifit®Audioscan...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982250/preparation-and-applicability-of-a-test-of-speech-perception-with-pictures
#14
Laís Flavia de Souza, Gabriela Rosito Alvarez Bernardez Braga, Ana Lúcia Rios Mota, Nelma Ellen Zamberlan-Amorim, Ana Cláudia Mirândola Barbosa Reis
Purpose: To prepare and apply support material for responses to the Speech Recognition Percentage Index (SRPI) test in children. Methods: This is a descriptive, exploratory study conducted in two phases: in the first phase, 31 speech-language pathologists (referees) prepared material composed of regular, frequently used monosyllabic and disyllabic words belonging to the vocabulary of children and figures that could represent these words; the second phase consisted in the application of this material to 30 normal-hearing children aged 2 to 4 years and 11 months...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982249/factors-associated-with-speech-language-disorders-in-motorcycle-accident-victims
#15
Maria Gabriella Pacheco da Silva, Vanessa de Lima Silva, Mirella Rodrigues Bezerra Vilela, Adriana de Oliveira Camargo Gomes, Ilka Veras Falcão, Ana Karina Pessoa da Silva Cabral, Maria Luiza Lopes Timóteo de Lima
Purpose: To investigate factors associated with speech-language disorders in victims of motorcycle accidents. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Victims of motorcycle accidents studied were treated at Hospital da Restauração between June and July 2014. The data were collected by consulting the records and direct interviews with these, at admission and after discharge. For analysis were raised single frequencies, average and chi-square test or Fisher's exact test...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982248/reduced-versions-of-dysphonia-coping-protocols
#16
Gisele Oliveira, Fabiana Zambon, Thays Vaiano, Flavia Costa, Mara Behlau
The purpose of the study is to explore two reduced versions of the PEED-27 (Brazilian VDCQ) and compare them to the original version. It was performed a retrospective analysis of PEED-27 questionnaires of 100 individuals with vocal disorder, 37 men and 63 women, mean age of 43.7 in order to compare reduced versions of the instrument. The analysis showed that the three instruments have high level of correlation, thus their results are comparable (PEED 27 x 15, r=+0.910, p< 0.001; PEED 27 x 10, r=+0.873, p<0...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982247/cardiorespiratory-parameters-and-their-relation-with-gestational-age-and-level-of-oral-feeding-skills-in-preterm-infants
#17
Raquel Coube de Carvalho Yamamoto, Leila Sauer Prade, Luana Cristina Berwig, Angela Regina Maciel Weinmann, Márcia Keske-Soares
Purpose: To correlate cardiorespiratory parameters with gestational age and level of oral feeding skills in the first oral feeding in preterm infants. Methods: Study participants were 37 clinically stable preterm infants. Cardiorespiratory rate was assessed before and after introduction of oral feeding. The newborns were divided into three strata according to gestational age at birth. Oral skill was classified into four levels: I - low oral skill and low resistance to feeding; II - low oral skill and high resistance to feeding; III - high oral skill and low resistance to feeding; IV - high oral skill and high resistance to feeding...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925017/community-health-workers-perceptions-in-relation-to-speech-and-language-disorders
#18
Carla Cristina Lins Santos Knochenhauer, Karina Mary de Paiva Vianna
Purpose: To know the perception of the Community Health Workers (CHW) about the speech and language disorders. Method: Cross-sectional study, which involved a questionnaire with questions related to the knowledge of CHW on speech and language disorders. The research was carried out with CHW allocated in the Centro Sanitary District of Florianópolis. Results: We interviewed 35 CHW, being mostly (80%) female gender, with a average age of 47 years (standard deviation = 2...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925016/association-between-neurological-injury-and-the-severity-of-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-after-stroke
#19
Danielle Martins Otto, Marlise de Castro Ribeiro, Liselotte Menke Barea, Renata Mancopes, Sheila Tamanini de Almeida
Purpose: To associate the degree of biomechanical impairment in the swallowing process with the severity (National Institute of Health Stroke Scale - NIHSS) and type of neurological injury in patients post stroke. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted with 42 patients (22 females), aged 65.7 years on average diagnosed with stroke. All patients underwent clinical neurological evaluation and application of the NIHSS in the first 48 hours after stroke...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849216/olfactory-function-and-quality-of-life-after-olfaction-rehabilitation-in-total-laryngectomees
#20
Christiane Gouvêa Dos Santos, Anke Bergmann, Kaliani Lima Coça, Angela Albuquerque Garcia, Tânia Cristina de Oliveira Valente
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of olfaction rehabilitation in the olfactory function and quality of life of total laryngectomized patients. Methods: Pre-post intervention clinical study conducted with total laryngectomees submitted to olfaction rehabilitation by means of the Nasal Airflow-Inducing Maneuver (NAIM) using the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT), Olfactory Acuity Questionnaires, a Monitoring Questionnaire, and the University of Washington Quality of Life Questionnaire (UW-QOL)...
November 2016: CoDAS
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