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Gabriela Maciel Mafra, Karina Mary de Paiva Vianna
PURPOSE: To investigate aspects of health care provided to the elderly, as a way to undertake health surveillance initiatives. METHODS: Cross-sectional quantitative study with elderly people who participate in health promotion groups in health centers at Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Surveys were conducted on aspects relative to comprehensive health care provision, namely, records of the Family Health Strategy, diagnosis, awareness of initiatives to treat non-communicable diseases, as well as awareness of related risks and complications...
November 6, 2017: CoDAS
Maria Helena Morgani de Almeida, Samanta Pacheco, Stephanie Krebs, Amanda Manso Oliveira, Alessandra Samelli, Daniela Regina Molini-Avejonas, Rosé Colom Toldrá, Fátima Corrêa Oliver
PURPOSE: To evaluate the core (First Contact, Longitudinality, Comprehensiveness, and Coordination of Services) and derivative (Family Orientation, Community Orientation) attributes of primary health care (PHC) from the perspective of users with and without disabilities. METHODS: Observational, cross-sectional study using the Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCAT) with users with and without disabilities of five basic health units (BHU) in a municipality where 55% of the population depends on the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS)...
October 26, 2017: CoDAS
Mariana de Sousa Dutra Borges, Laura Davison Mangilli, Michelli Cristina Ferreira, Letícia Correa Celeste
PURPOSE: To describe the implementation process of a Clinical Practice Protocol for Patients with Swallowing Disorders (CPSD) in a public hospital of high technological density in the Federal District of Brazil. METHODS: This is an Experience Report study which describes the implementation process of a Clinical Practice Protocol for Patients with Swallowing Disorders in a public hospital of high technological density in the Federal District. RESULTS: The protocol was implemented in three stages: Stage 1 - literature search on the procedures that characterize the best propaedeutic and therapeutic practices; Stage 2 - discussion with a multidisciplinary team about the adjustments needed to implement the CPSD; and Stage 3 - Final proposal for the protocol implementation considering the particularities of the service...
October 26, 2017: CoDAS
Katia Ignacio Menegueti, Laura Davison Mangilli, Nivaldo Alonso, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade
PURPOSE: To characterize the profile and speech characteristics of patients undergoing primary palatoplasty in a Brazilian university hospital, considering the time of intervention (early, before two years of age; late, after two years of age). METHODS: Participants were 97 patients of both genders with cleft palate and/or cleft and lip palate, assigned to the Speech-language Pathology Department, who had been submitted to primary palatoplasty and presented no prior history of speech-language therapy...
October 26, 2017: CoDAS
Natalia Caroline Favoretto, Natalia Gutierrez Carleto, Aline Megumi Arakawa, Murilo Priori Alcalde, José Roberto Magalhães Bastos, Magali de Lourdes Caldana
PURPOSE: This research aimed to develop and evaluate a website with information on Speech-language therapy area with focus on the aging process. A website containing information with simple language, clear purpose and concise content was designed based on scientific evidence. METHODS: The Flesch Index was used to check the material readability, with 50% of the content corresponding to "easy" and 50% of the content corresponding to "difficult". The website development followed the steps: analysis and planning, modeling, implementation and evaluation...
October 23, 2017: CoDAS
Luciene Stivanin, Maria Silvia Carnio
PURPOSE: the purpose of this study was to describe a language stimulation program, including teacher training and practical activities in the classroom, and investigate the effectiveness of this action on the social functioning and behavioral problems of elementary school children. METHODS: 136 children from six classrooms of a public school and their teachers participated in this research. Of these, half were given the language stimulation program: 16 hours of training for teachers and 9 meetings in the classroom with activities for students...
October 23, 2017: CoDAS
Maria Daniela Borro Pinto, Maria Inês Pegoraro-Krook, Laura Katarine Félix de Andrade, Ana Paula Carvalho Correa, Linda Iris Rosa-Lugo, Jeniffer de Cássia Rillo Dutka
PURPOSE: To describe the speech of a patient with Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) and severe speech disorders before and after participating in an Intensive Speech Therapy Program (ISTP). METHODS: The ISTP consisted of two daily sessions of therapy over a 36-week period, resulting in a total of 360 therapy sessions. The sessions included the phases of establishment, generalization, and maintenance. A combination of strategies, such as modified contrast therapy and speech sound perception training, were used to elicit adequate place of articulation...
October 23, 2017: CoDAS
André Vinicius Marcondes Natel Sales, Célia Maria Giacheti, Paula Cristina Cola, Roberta Gonçalves da Silva
PURPOSE: To describe the qualitative and quantitative temporal analysis of oropharyngeal swallowing in children diagnosed with Down syndrome (DS) through a case series study of six individuals aged 4 to 17 months (mean age = 11.16 months; median = 12 months). METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative temporal analysis of swallowing using videofluoroscopy and specific software. The following parameters were assessed: presence or absence of oral incoordination, labial sphincter sealing incompetence, oral residue, posterior oral spillage, laryngotracheal penetration and aspiration, pharyngeal and total oral transit time (TOTT)...
October 23, 2017: CoDAS
Camila Zorzetto Carniel, Juliana Cristina Ferreira de Sousa, Carla Dias da Silva, Carla Aparecida de Urzedo Fortunato-Queiroz, Miguel Ângelo Hyppolito, Patricia Leila Dos Santos
PURPOSE: To evaluate through standardized questionnaires the quality of life of elderly people with hearing loss diagnosed with and without the use of hearing aids (HA) and elderly without hearing complaints. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with non probabilistic sample, divided into three groups divided as follows: 30 elderly people with diagnosed hearing loss and indication for use of individual sound amplification devices (hearing aids), but have not yet made use of the prosthesis; 30 individuals with hearing impairment who used hearing aids and 30 elderly without hearing complaints...
October 19, 2017: CoDAS
Bruna da Silva Rocha, Renata Coelho Scharlach
PURPOSE: To evaluate the family's perspective of benefits of the frequency modulation (FM) system adapted to children with sensorineural hearing loss. METHODS: This is a descriptive, analytical, cross-sectional study with the participation of family members of hearing-impaired children aged 6 to 15 years, users of hearing aids and/or cochlear implants, benefited with the FM system by a hearing health service of the Unified Health System (SUS), Brazil. The FM Listening Evaluation For Children questionnaire with 14 questions was used to evaluate the benefits of using the FM system, the characteristics of the hearing aids and/or cochlear implants, and the brand/model of the FM system the children used...
October 19, 2017: CoDAS
Rayana Silva Arceno, Renata Coelho Scharlach
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to evaluate the performance of elderly people in the time-compressed speech test according to the variables ears and order of display, and analyze the types of errors presented by the volunteers. METHODS: This is an observational, descriptive, quantitative, analytical and primary cross-sectional study involving 22 elderly with normal hearing or mild sensorineural hearing loss between the ages of 60 and 80. The elderly were submitted to the time-compressed speech test with compression ratio of 60%, through the electromechanical time compression method...
September 28, 2017: CoDAS
Giovana Diaféria, Glaucya Madazio, Claudia Pacheco, Patricia Barbarini Takaki, Mara Behlau
Purpose: To verify the impact that group dynamics and coaching strategies have on the PD patients voice, speech and communication, as well as the group climate. Methods: 16 individuals with mild to moderate dysarthria due to the PD were divided into two groups: the CG (8 patients), submitted to traditional therapy with 12 regular therapy sessions plus 4 additional support sessions; and the EG (8 patients), submitted to traditional therapy with 12 regular therapy sessions plus 4 sessions with group dynamics and coaching strategies...
September 4, 2017: CoDAS
Liliane Aparecida Fagundes Silva, Fernanda Cristina Leite Magliaro, Ana Claudia Martinho de Carvalho, Carla Gentile Matas
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to monitor the emergence and changes to the components of the Long Latency Auditory Evoked Potentials (LLAEP) in normal hearing children. Methods: This longitudinal study included children of both genders: seven aged between 10 and 35 months, and eight children between 37 and 63 months. The electrophysiological hearing evaluation consisted of analysis of LLAEP obtained in a sound field generated with loudspeakers positioned at an azimuth of 90°, through which the syllable /ba/ was played at an intensity of 70 dB HL...
September 4, 2017: CoDAS
Lídia Maurício da Silva, Aline Mara de Oliveira Vassoler, Viviane Cristina de Castro Marino, Larissa Cristina Berti
Purpose: The aim of this study was to characterize the ultrasonographic pattern of tongue movement in 14 consonant phonemes of Brazilian Portuguese (BP), seeking to identify and describe ultrasonographic parameters that could grasp the difference of manner and place of articulation among these phonemes. Methods: We selected 20 individuals with typical speech production, aged between 20-30 years of both genders. The selected stimuli included the 14 lingual consonant BP phonemes in the intervocalic context of [a]...
September 4, 2017: CoDAS
Joel Pinheiro, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio, Larissa Thaís Donalonso Siqueira, Janine Santos Ramos, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Fabiana Zambon, Mara Behlau
Objective: To verify the correlation between vocal tract discomfort symptoms and perceived voice handicaps in gospel singers, analyzing possible differences according to gender. Methods: 100 gospel singers volunteered, 50 male and 50 female. All participants answered two questionnaires: Vocal Tract Discomfort (VTD) scale and the Modern Singing Handicap Index (MSHI) that investigates the vocal handicap perceived by singers, linking the results of both instruments (p<0...
August 24, 2017: CoDAS
Isabela de Moraes Fattore, Rejane Maiara Uhde, Luciéle Dias Oliveira, Antônia Motta Roth, Ana Paula Ramos de Souza
Purpose: To compare the evolution of vocalization in preterm and full-term infants, with and without risk for development, analyzing the possible association of sociodemographic, obstetric and psychosocial variables with vocalization. Methods: The study sample consisted of 30 infants, aged 3 months and 1 day to 4 months and 29 days (Phase 1) and 6 months and 1 day to 7 months and 29 days (Phase 2), of both genders, with gestational age <37 weeks (preterm group) and >37 weeks (full-term group)...
August 24, 2017: CoDAS
Tatiana Magalhães de Almeida, Paula Cristina Cola, Leandro de Araújo Pernambuco, Hipólito Virgílio Magalhães, Carlos Daniel Magnoni, Roberta Gonçalves da Silva
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to identify the evidence of validity based on the content and response process of the Rastreamento de Disfagia Orofaríngea no Acidente Vascular Encefálico (RADAVE; "Screening Tool for Oropharyngeal Dysphagia in Stroke"). Methods: The criteria used to elaborate the questions were based on a literature review. A group of judges consisting of 19 different health professionals evaluated the relevance and representativeness of the questions, and the results were analyzed using the Content Validity Index...
August 17, 2017: CoDAS
Daniel de Martino Ucedo, Karoline Pimentel Dos Santos, Ana Paula de Oliveira Santana
The aim of this case study was to perform a cross-sectional analysis of spontaneous speech of a patient with Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD). For this purpose, four speech and language therapy episodes, from 2012 to 2014, were selected, transcribed and analyzed in light of Enunciative-Discursive Neurolinguistics. The analysis showed, as the patient's FTD status progressed, that he used different semiotic strategies, e.g., use of repetition and gesture during speech production. It also highlighted the importance of the interlocutor's role of prompting the patient to express verbal meaning...
August 17, 2017: CoDAS
Kelly da Silva, Patrícia Aparecida Zuanetti, Vanessa Trombini Ribeiro Borcat, Raphaela Barroso Guedes-Granzotti, Rita Cristina Sadako Kuroishi, Daniele Ramos Domenis, Marisa Tomoe Hebihara Fukuda
Purpose: To compare the results of Loop Phonological Working Memory (LPWM) in children without global learning alterations, with lower and average/higher arithmetic performance. Methods: The study was conducted with 30 children, between the ages of seven and nine years old, who attended the second or third grade of elementary school in the public network. Exclusion criteria were children with suggestive signs of hearing loss, neurological disorders, poor performance in the reading comprehension test or in speech therapy...
August 17, 2017: CoDAS
Anna Alice Almeida, Mara Behlau
Purpose: To present the translated and linguistic and culturally adapted version of the Short self-regulation Questionnaire (SSRQ) for the Brazilian Portuguese and to check its applicability to patients with dysphonia. Methods: The SSRQ is a tool used to evaluate the ability to self-regulate behavior; it has 31 items and generates three scores: total index of individual self-regulation capacity and partial scores for goal setting and impulse control. Each item should be scored by means of a Likert-type 5-point scale; the total score ranges from 29 to 145 points...
August 14, 2017: CoDAS
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