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Taynara Gomes de Araújo, Thalyta Magalhães Rodrigues, Renata Maria Moreira Moraes Furlan, Estevam Barbosa de Las Casas, Andréa Rodrigues Motta
PURPOSE: Evaluate the reproducibility of Forling, a portable instrument for measuring axial tongue force. METHODS: Axial force of the tongue was measured in 49 individuals (30 women and 19 men) aged 18-25 years using the Forling portable instrument. Measurements were performed in three days at intervals of 7±2 days. On each day, three 7-second measurements were performed with one-minute intervals between them. The coefficient of variation, Wilcoxon paired test, and intraclass correlation coefficient were used in the statistical analysis of the data...
July 2, 2018: CoDAS
Marizete Ilha Ceron, Marileda Barichello Gubiani, Camila Rosa de Oliveira, Márcia Keske-Soares
PURPOSE: To present evidence of the validity and reliability of a phonological assessment tool developed to assess the phonological inventory of Brazilian Portuguese. METHODS: The study included 866 children aged between 3 and 8:11 years, divided into three groups: typical, control and clinical. Participants were evaluated using a phonological assessment software, which prompted the spontaneous naming of a series of images. The children's responses were audio recorded and transcribed at the time of the assessment, by the software itself...
July 2, 2018: CoDAS
Amanda Maião Franklin, Célia Maria Giacheti, Nathani Cristina da Silva, Leila Maria Guissoni Campos, Luciana Pinato
PURPOSE: This study aimed to correlate sleep profile and behavior in individuals with Specific Learning Disorder (SLD). METHODS: The Sleep General Habits Questionnaire, Sleep Diary, and Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC) were used in analysis of sleep, whereas the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) inventory was used in analysis of behavior. RESULTS: 65.5% of the individuals with SLD presented symptoms of sleep disorders, most frequently wakefulness-sleep transition and sleep disturbance total score, which showed values higher than acceptable...
July 2, 2018: CoDAS
Alicia Figueroa Barra, Ana Paula Machado Goyano Mac-Kay, Eduardo Durán Lara
PURPOSE: This study aims to explore the differences in the evaluative component of the narrative structure in subjects diagnosed with schizophrenia compared to subjects diagnosed with affective psychosis. METHODS: The present investigation was descriptive, not experimental and it included the analysis of the narration evaluative components of interviews of 25 individuals with psychiatric diagnosis of chronic schizophrenia and 25 of chronic affective psychosis, matched by age, gender and sociodemographic characteristics...
July 2, 2018: CoDAS
Patrícia Tiemi Hashimoto, Luciana de Oliveira Pagan-Neves, Luis Miguel Teixeira de Jesus, Haydée Fiszbein Wertzner
PURPOSE: Describe and correlate phonological and complementary measures regarding aerodynamics, electroglottography, acoustics, and perceptual judgment of production of the voiced fricative sound /ʒ/ comparing the performance of Brazilian Portuguese-speaking children with and without speech sound disorders. METHODS: Study participants were 30 children aged 5 years to 7 years and 11 months divided into a group of children with typical development - Control Group (CG) and a group of children with speech sound disorders - Research Group (RG)...
June 28, 2018: CoDAS
Soledad Correa, Francisco Contreras, Adrián Castillo, Felipe Moreti, Mara Behlau
PURPOSE: Perform the cross-cultural equivalence of the Chilean version of the Modern Singing Handicap Index - MSHI, through its cultural and linguistic adaptation. METHODS: A translation of the MSHI for the Chilean Spanish and the back translation for the Italian was made, and discrepancies were found; a committee of four language pathologist had to resolve any discrepancies and, when found, a consensus must be reached resulting in the final version of the Índice de Desventaja Vocal para Canto Popular - IDVCP-Ch, with the same structure than the original of 30 items and four answers options...
June 28, 2018: CoDAS
Diéllen Albanio Wegner, Eduardo Matias Dos Santos Steidl, Adriane Schmidt Pasqualoto, Renata Mancopes
PURPOSE: Describe efficacy and safety of deglutition, nutritional risk, and quality of life in deglutition, and associate nutritional risk with quality of life in individuals with chronic pulmonary disease. METHODS: The participants were 17 individuals with chronic pulmonary disease evaluated using the following instruments: Volume-Viscosity Swallow Test (V-VST), Quality of Life in Swallowing Disorders (SWAL-QOL) questionnaire, Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), and body mass index (BMI)...
June 11, 2018: CoDAS
Quemile Pribs Martins, Vivian Amaral Faccin, Mirtes Brückmann, Daniela Gil, Michele Vargas Garcia
PURPOSE: To investigate the auditory ability of selective attention in the school population and to identify reference values to the age group from seven to ten years old through the Masking Level Difference Test, and to identify if the parents' schooling, as well as the family income can influence the test results. METHODS: Thirty-one schoolchildren who match the eligibility criteria attended the study, being 20 female and 11 male. An anamnesis was conducted to question the familiar income and the schooling of the children´s parents; we also performed visual inspection of the External Acoustic Meatus, Pure Tone Audiometry, Speech Audiometry, Acoustic Immittance Measures, Dichotic Digits Test and Masking Level Difference test...
June 11, 2018: CoDAS
Émille Dalbem Paim, Fabricio Edler Macagnan, Vera Beatris Martins, Virgilio Gonzales Zanella, Bruno Guimarães, Monalise Costa Batista Berbert
PURPOSE: To verify the acute effect of electrostimulation on the salivary flow of patients with hyposalivation. METHODS: Uncontrolled clinical trial evaluating 15 patients with hyposalivation induced by radiotherapy (RT) used for head and neck cancer treatment. Mean age of the patients was 56.8 ± 6.46 years. Males outnumbered females (73%). Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) was adjusted with 50Hz of frequency and 250μs of pulse width. Intensity was adjusted over a 20-minute period according to maximum tolerance...
June 7, 2018: CoDAS
Marina Englert, Glaucya Madazio, Ingrid Gielow, Jorge Lucero, Mara Behlau
PURPOSE: To investigate the learning factor during a perceptual-auditory analysis of an unusual task in three different groups. METHODS: 269 listeners, divided into three groups: 73 voice specialists Speech Language Pathologists (EG), 84 voice specialists Speech Language Pathologists (NEG); and 112 non-speech pathologists in the Naive Group (NG). They all completed a listening session that included 18 synthesized and 18 human voices with different types and degrees of deviation (50% of repetition for intra-rater consistency analysis)...
June 7, 2018: CoDAS
Jovana de Moura Milanesi, Luana Cristina Berwig, Mariana Marquezan, Luiz Henrique Schuch, Anaelena Bragança de Moraes, Ana Maria Toniolo da Silva, Eliane Castilhos Rodrigues Corrêa
PURPOSE: : This study was conducted to identify variables associated with mouth breathing diagnosis in children, based on multidisciplinary domains. METHODS: 119 children, six to 12 years old, underwent anamnesis, speech therapy (orofacial structures and stomatognathic functions), otorhinolaryngologic (OTRL) with clinical and endoscopic examinations, dental (occlusion) and physiotherapy (body posture and nasal patency) assessments. Nasal patency was evaluated using Peak Nasal Inspiratory Flow (PNIF) and the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale...
March 19, 2018: CoDAS
Cláudia Lopes Carvalho, Ariella Fornachari Ribeiro Belan, Leila Regina de Castro, Márcia Radanovic
PURPOSE: To characterize the linguistic profile of adults and elderly with Down Syndrome (DS) using the Arizona Battery for Communication Disorders of Dementia (ABCD). METHODS: Thirty adult individuals with DS were evaluated through the MoCA cognitive battery, four functional scales (Pfeffer, Lawton-IADL, Katz-IADL and IQCODE) and the ABCD battery, which evaluates Mental State, Episodic Memory, Linguistic Expression, Linguistic Comprehension and Visuospatial Construction...
March 12, 2018: CoDAS
Bárbara Carolina Brandão, Alline de Sousa Galdino, Luciano Garcia Lourenção, Glaucia Santana Trindade, Magali Aparecida Orate Menezes da Silva, Roberta Gonçalves da Silva
OBJECTIVE: Describe and correlate bulbar functionality with laryngeal penetration and/or laryngotracheal aspiration for different food consistencies in Motor Neuron Disease (MND). METHODS: Study participants were 18 individuals diagnosed with MND regardless of the type and time of onset of disease. The Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale - Revised/BR (ALSFRS-R/BR) was applied, and only the bulbar parameter, which includes speech, salivation and swallowing, was analyzed, with scores raging from 0 (disability) to 12 (normal functionality)...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
Thaís Helena Ferreira Santos, Ana Carolina Martins Cortez, Gabrielle Sauini, Ana Carolina Carvalho do Nascimento, Fernanda Dreux Miranda Fernandes
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to apply the Test of Pragmatic Skills in Brazilian children with normal development. METHODS: Participants of this study were 60 children 3:00 to 8:11 years old, equally divided between genders. The examiners had prior contact with the group of children and applied the TOPS - a traditional test that proposes four sets of simple activities, with the common material, applicable in a short period of time - according to the procedure proposed by the author...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
Jordana da Silva Freitas, Maria Cristina de Almeida Freitas Cardoso
PURPOSE: Determine the occurrence of dysphagia symptoms in children with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) pre- and post-surgical correction. METHODS: Quantitative observational cross-sectional study. Existence of clef lip and/or palate without association with other syndromes was the study inclusion and/or exclusion criterion. Parents and/or legal guardians responded to a recall questionnaire on the identification of occurrence of coughing, choking, vomiting, and nasal escape pre- and postoperatively and whether these symptoms disappeared after surgical correction...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
Ingrid Rafaella Dantas Dos Santos, Joseli Soares Brazorotto
In order to improve speech-language development in children with hearing impairment, in addition to speech-language therapy, the family should be the modifying agent for a satisfactory therapeutic response. Studies that analyze the effectiveness of speech-language pathology (SLP) intervention programs through video feedback are important, given the positive effects of this tool on the modification of behaviors with families of children with disabilities. Therefore, it is believed that video feedback interventions contribute improve the communicative interactions between the families and children assisted by auditory rehabilitation services...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
Caroline Rodrigues Portalete, Eduarda Giovelli Fernandes, Karina Carlesso Pagliarin
OBJECTIVE: Propose a protocol for instrumental assessment of adult speech considering psychometric and linguistic criteria. METHODS: The choice of words was based on previously defined Brazilian Portuguese linguistic criteria after a search on the "Portal da Língua Portuguesa" database using the Portuguese Orthographic Vocabulary (VOP). The defined linguistic criteria considered grammatical class, vowel context, number of syllables, stress, and presence of words in the daily life of Brazilian adults...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
Kaliani Lima Coça, Anke Bergmann, Sima Ferman, Elisabete Carrara de Angelis, Márcia Gonçalves Ribeiro
PURPOSE: Describe the prevalence of communication, swallowing and orofacial myofunctional disorders in a group of children and adolescents at the time of registration at a cancer hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted with children aged ≥2 and adolescents, of both genders, admitted to the Pediatric Oncology Section of the Instituto Nacional de Câncer José de Alencar Gomes da Silva (INCA) from March 2014 to April 2015 for investigation and/or treatment of solid tumors...
March 1, 2018: CoDAS
Kelli Cristina do Prado Côrrea, Maria Aparecida Miranda de Paula Machado, Simone Rocha de Vasconcellos Hage
PURPOSE: Examine a set of competencies in children beginning the process of literacy and find whether there is positive correlation with their level of writing. METHODS: Study conducted with 70 six-year-old students enrolled in the first year of Elementary School in municipal schools. The children were submitted to the Initial Reading and Writing Competence Assessment Battery (BACLE) and the Diagnostic Probing Protocol for classification of their level of writing...
March 1, 2018: CoDAS
Paula Colvara de Souza, Vanessa Souza Gigoski, Camila Lúcia Etges, Lisiane da Rosa Barbosa
PURPOSE: Describe the findings of postoperative clinical evaluation of swallowing in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) in a reference hospital in southern Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted postoperatively with infants with medical diagnosis of CHD aged 0-6 months in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. Exclusion criteria comprised infants with neurological and respiratory impairments, craniofacial malformation, structural alteration in the upper airways, and suspicion or diagnosis of genetic syndromes...
March 1, 2018: CoDAS
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