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Ândrea de Melo, Eliara Pinto Vieira Biaggio, Inaê Costa Rechia, Pricila Sleifer
Purpose: To measure the exogenous components of the cortical auditory evoked potential (CAEP) in term and preterm newborns and compare them considering the variables latency and amplitude. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, prospective, comparative, contemporary study. One hundred twenty-seven newborns were evaluated; 96 of these were included in the study after analysis of the exams by three referees. Participants were divided into two groups: Term Group: 66 infants and Preterm Group: 30 neonates...
October 13, 2016: CoDAS
Rebeca Rodrigues Pessoa, Sarah Cueva Cândido Soares de Araújo, Selma Mie Isotani, Rosana Fiorini Puccini, Jacy Perissinoto
Purpose: To assess the development of language regarding the ability to recognize and interpret lexical ambiguity in low-birth-weight schoolchildren enrolled at the school system in the municipality of Embu das Artes, Sao Paulo state, compared with that of schoolchildren with normal birth weight. Methods: A case-control, retrospective, cross-sectional study conducted with 378 schoolchildren, both genders, aged 5 to 9.9 years, from the municipal schools of Embu das Artes...
October 13, 2016: CoDAS
Carlos Ferreira Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: CoDAS
Natalia Freitas Rossi, Tâmara de Andrade Lindau, Ronald Bradley Gillam, Célia Maria Giacheti
Purpose: To accomplish the translation and cultural adaptation of the Test of Narrative Language (TNL) into Brazilian Portuguese. Methods: The TNL is a formal instrument which assesses narrative comprehension and oral narration of children between the ages of 5-0 and 11-11 (years-months). The TNL translation and adaptation process had the following steps: (1) translation into the target language; (2) summary of the translated versions; (3) back-translation; (4) checking of the conceptual, semantics and cultural equivalence process and (5) pilot study (56 children within the test age range and from both genders)...
September 26, 2016: CoDAS
Nathane Sanches Marques Silva, Patrícia Abreu Pinheiro Crenitte
Purpose: To assess the applicability of an intervention program to children at risk for reading disabilities. Methods: This experimental study compared 10 children at risk for reading difficulty submitted to a phonological decoding intervention program (study group) with 10 other children at risk for reading difficulty not submitted to the program (control group). The intervention program was based on two international studies. It comprised 24 sessions: the first 12 sessions were conducted with groups of two to three children, whereas the others were performed individually...
September 26, 2016: CoDAS
Hugo Carlos Pedroso, Cláudia Giglio de Oliveira Gonçalves
Objective: The article aims to analyze the perception and knowledge of health professionals working in primary health care networks in the Municipality of Curitiba - Paraná, regarding the compulsory notification of Induced Hearing Loss Noise (NIHL) in the National Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN). Methods: We performed a transversal cohort study in Curitiba, analyzing perception and knowledge of health professionals working in the primary health care networks in the Municipality of Curitiba, regarding the compulsory notification of NIHL in SINAN, from 2007 to 2014, featuring the reported cases and exploring the situational analysis of the NIHL notification, through a questionnaire and a structured news conference...
September 26, 2016: CoDAS
Amanda Freitas Valentim, Renata Maria Moreira Moraes Furlan, Tatiana Vargas de Castro Perilo, Andréa Rodrigues Motta, Estevam Barbosa de Las Casas
Purpose: To verify whether there are differences of tongue force on the teeth at rest and during swallowing between individuals who report appropriate tongue position and those who report tongue thrust. Methods: Tongue forces on the teeth were evaluated in 28 participants aged 19 to 31 years. To this end, a Flexiforce® resistive sensor was fixed to the palatal surface of the maxillary right central incisor (tooth 8) and was connected to an amplifier circuit, a data acquisition board, and a computer...
September 26, 2016: CoDAS
Roberta Weber Werle, Eduardo Matias Dos Santos Steidl, Renata Mancopes
Purpose: To identify the main factors associated with oropharyngeal dysphagia following cardiac surgery through a systematic review of the literature. Methods: A bibliographic search was conducted in the PubMed and ScienceDirect databases using the following keywords: "cardiac surgery", "deglutition disorders", and "dysphagia". Selection criteria: Articles published in Portuguese, English, or Spanish addressing oropharyngeal dysphagia following cardiac surgery were selected with no time limitation...
September 26, 2016: CoDAS
Maria Natália Leite de Medeiros, Ana Paula Fukushiro, Renata Paciello Yamashita
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of speech sample of spontaneous conversation or sentences repetition on intra and inter-rater hypernasality reliability. METHODS: One hundred and twenty audio recorded speech samples (60 containing spontaneous conversation and 60 containing repeated sentences) of individuals with repaired cleft palate±lip, both genders, aged between 6 and 52 years old (mean=21±10) were selected and edited. Three experienced speech and language pathologists rated hypernasality according to their own criteria using 4-point scale: 1=absence of hypernasality, 2=mild hypernasality, 3=moderate hypernasality and 4=severe hypernasality, first in spontaneous speech samples and 30 days after, in sentences repetition samples...
July 7, 2016: CoDAS
Lívia Lima Krohling, Mara Behlau, Ingrid Verduyckt
PURPOSE: This article aims to present the cultural equivalence of the Brazilian version of the 'Questionnaire des Symptômes Vocaux' (QSV). METHODS: The questionnaire was translated into Portuguese by two Brazilian bilingual speech-language pathologists who were informed about the purpose of this research. The back translation was performed by a third bilingual Brazilian speech-language pathologist, who was also a French teacher and had not participated in the previous stage...
July 7, 2016: CoDAS
Bruna Mateus Rocha de Andrade, Susana Pimentel Pinto Giannini, André de Campos Duprat, Léslie Piccolotto Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between the presence of videolaryngoscopic signs suggestive of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) and voice disorder (VD) in teachers. METHODS: this is a cross-sectional study with convenience sample and inclusion criteria as subjects 18 years or older, be a teacher female, seek care with complaint of VD and/or LPR. The exclusion criteria included smoking and presence of respiratory changes. All subjects concluded the following instruments: Vocal Production Condition - Teacher (VPC-T), including the Screening Index for Voice Disorder (SIVD); and Voice Handicap Index (VHI)...
July 7, 2016: CoDAS
Viviane Cristina de Castro Marino, Vanessa Moraes Cardoso, Renata Giorgetto Ramos, Jeniffer de Cássia Rillo Dutka
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine nasalance values for syllables produced by Brazilian Portuguese speakers of different ages and gender. METHODS: Nasalance scores were collected for 14 syllables (10 orals and 4 nasals) using Nasometer II 6400. The participants were 245 Brazilian Portuguese speakers (121 males and 124 females), both genders, divided into four age groups: 57 children, 61 adolescents, 65 young adults and 62 adults. RESULTS: Nasalance scores for nasal syllables were higher than for oral syllables...
July 4, 2016: CoDAS
Lorene Karoline Silva, Vanessa de Oliveira Martins-Reis, Thamiris Moreira Maciel, Jessyca Kelly Barbosa Carneiro Ribeiro, Marina Alves de Souza, Flávia Gonçalves Chaves
PURPOSE: Verify the knowledge of teachers from public and private schools about stuttering and attest the effectiveness of the Teacher Training Program on Stuttering in the expansion of this knowledge. METHODS: The study sample comprised 137 early-childhood teachers. Initially, the teachers responded to a questionnaire on stuttering. After that, 75 teachers attended a 4-hour Teacher Training Program on Stuttering. One month later, the teachers responded to the same questionnaire again...
July 4, 2016: CoDAS
Geovana de Paula Bolzan, Luana Cristina Berwig, Leila Sauer Prade, Lilian Kopp Cuti, Raquel Coube de Carvalho Yamamoto, Ana Maria Toniolo da Silva, Angela Regina Maciel Weinmann
PURPOSE: To assess the accuracy of the Preterm Oral Feeding Readiness Scale (POFRAS) on the beginning of oral feeding in preterm infants and to verify the concordance between this tool and the Oral Feeding Skill Level. METHODS: 82 preterm infants were assessed by POFRAS regarding their readiness to initiate oral feeding and by the oral feeding skill level evaluation during the first oral feeding. POFRAS's accuracy was estimated regarding proficiency by a Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) curve...
July 4, 2016: CoDAS
Leonardo Wanderley Lopes, Eveline Gonçalves Vilela
PURPOSE: To examine whether there is an association between vocal self-assessment and readiness for change in dysphonic patients. METHODS: 151 patients with vocal complaints and diagnosis of dysphonia, between 18 and 65 years of age, 47 men and 104 women treated at the voice clinic of a public institution participated in the study. Four self-assessment instruments were applied, including the Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL), the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) and the Voice Symptom Scale (VoiSS), and the use of URICA-VOICE instrument to verify the patients stage of readiness for change...
July 4, 2016: CoDAS
Yasmin Alves Leão Glória, Letícia Pessota Hanauer, Fernanda Marafiga Wiethan, Letícia Arruda Nóro, Helena Bolli Mota
PURPOSE: To investigate the use of conjunctions in the spontaneous speech of three years old children with typical language development, who live in Santa Maria - RS. METHODS: 45 children, aged 3:0;0 - 3:11;29 (years:months;days) from the database of the Center for the Study of Language and Speech (CELF) participated of this study. The spontaneous speech of each child was transcribed and followed by analysis of the samples to identify the types of conjunctions for each age group...
July 4, 2016: CoDAS
Amanda de Jesus Alvarenga Carvalho, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos, Lúcia Maria Horta de Figueiredo Goulart
PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review of the literature on the relationship between language development, social behavior, and family and school environments in children aged 4 to 6 years. RESEARCH STRATEGY: Papers published between March 2009 and March 2014 were searched in electronic databases. The first phase of the study consisted in preparing the guiding question. Subsequently, survey and selection of studies were conducted. To this end, descriptors were defined by groups of themes...
July 2016: CoDAS
Felipe Moreti, Fabiana Zambon, Mara Behlau
The purpose of this study was to identify the opinions of both dysphonic and vocally healthy individuals regarding the factors that affect their voices positively and negatively, analyzing them according to the generation to which the participants belong. Eight hundred sixty-six individuals (304 dysphonic and 562 vocally healthy; 196 men and 670 women) categorized by generation: 22 individuals in Silent Generation (1926/-/1945), 180 in Baby Boomers (1946/-/1964), 285 in Generation X (1965/-/1981), and 379 in Generation Y (1982/-/2003) responded to two open questions: "Cite five things that you believe are good/bad to your voice"...
July 2016: CoDAS
Fernanda Salvatico de Aquino, Marta Assumpção Andrada E Silva, Lídia Cristina da Silva Teles, Léslie Piccolotto Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Despite several studies related to singing and aging voice found in the literature, there is still the need for investigation seeking to understand the effects of this practice in the speaking voice of the elderly. OBJECTIVE: To compare the characteristics of the speaking voice of elderlies with experience in choral singing with those of elderlies without this experience. METHOD: Participants were 75 elderly women: 50 with experience in choral singing - group of singers (SG) and 25 without experience - group of nonsingers (NSG)...
July 2016: CoDAS
Andrezza Gonzalez Escarce, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos, Sirley Alves da Silva Carvalho
PURPOSE: To analyze the correlation between the satisfaction of professionals from the Hearing Health Care network in two micro-regions of Minas Gerais state and the sociodemographic profile, work process, and work performance in the health service. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, observational, analytic study with a non-probabilistic sample including 34 professionals from the Hearing Health Care services. Data collection occurred through individual interviews in the municipality of professional practice...
July 2016: CoDAS
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