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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198949/influence-of-the-presence-of-temporomandibular-disorders-on-postural-balance-in-the-elderly
#1
Paula Vanessa Pedron Oltramari-Navarro, Marjorie Takei Yoshie, Rubens Alexandre da Silva, Ana Cláudia de Castro Ferreira Conti, Ricardo de Lima Navarro, Luciana Lozza do Moraes Marchiori, Karen Barros Parron Fernandes
Purpose: To investigate the influence of the presence of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) on postural balance in elderly individuals. Methods: The study sample consisted of 150 elderly: 103 women (67.7±5.0 years) and 47 men (69.3±5.5 years). Evaluation of the presence and severity of TMD included an anamnesis questionnaire, an evaluation of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and a muscular examination, which allowed the division of the elderly into 2 groups: G1 (experimental, n=95), with TMD; G2 (control, n=55), without TMD...
February 9, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177061/remote-follow-up-to-speech-language-intervention-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-asd-parents-feedback-regarding-structured-activities
#2
Milene Rossi Pereira Barbosa, Fernanda Dreux Miranda Fernandes
Purpose: This paper aims to present the first descriptions of experiences of parents and caretakers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) enrolled as mediators in a structured program of speech-language intervention with remote follow-up. Methods: Research with focus on speech-language intervention for children with ASD was carried out with remote follow-up. Forty parents were instructed to perform daily activities focused on communication and interaction with their children, at home, for a period of six weeks...
February 6, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177060/temporomandibular-disorders-in-elderly-individuals-the-influence-of-institutionalization-and-sociodemographic-factors
#3
Nélia de Medeiros Sampaio, Mario Cezar Oliveira, Adriana de Oliveira Ortega, Lydia de Brito Santos, Técia Daltro Borges Alves
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in the non-institutionalized and institutionalized elderly population of Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 307 subjects over 60 years old of both genders, where 80 are institutionalized and 227 are non-institutionalized. The evaluation of TMD signs and symptoms was performed using the Fonseca Anamnestic Index (IAF) as to sociodemographic, systemic and otological factors...
February 6, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146204/development-skills-of-children-born-premature-with-low-and-very-low-birth-weight
#4
Camila da Costa Ribeiro, Mariane Regina de Oliveira Pachelli, Natalie Camillo de Oliveira Amaral, Dionísia Aparecida Cusin Lamônica
Purpose: To compare the performance of children born premature with low birth weight (LBW) and very low birth-weight (VLBW) with that of children born at term, within the age range of one to three years, regarding child development in the gross motor, fine motor-adaptive, personal-social and language domains. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study in a cohort of 150 infants born premature (experimental group) and at term (control group) divided into eight groups with respect to weight (low birth weight: <2500 grams and very low birth weight: <1500 grams) and age range (aged 12 to 24 and 25 to 36 months)...
January 30, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001276/effects-of-prematurity-on-language-acquisition-and-auditory-maturation-a-systematic-review
#5
Inaê Costa Rechia, Luciéle Dias Oliveira, Anelise Henrich Crestani, Eliara Pinto Vieira Biaggio, Ana Paula Ramos de Souza
Purpose: To verify which damages prematurity causes to hearing and language. Research strategies: We used the decriptors language/linguagem, hearing/audição, prematurity/prematuridade in databases LILACS, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and Scielo. Selection criteria: randomized controlled trials, non-randomized intervention studies and descriptive studies (cross-sectional, cohort, case-control projects). Data analysis: The articles were assessed independently by two authors according to the selection criteria...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001275/speech-language-pathology-findings-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
Nárli Machado-Nascimento, Arthur Melo E Kümmer, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose: To systematically review the scientific production on the relationship between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Speech-language Pathology and to methodologically analyze the observational studies on the theme. Research strategies: Systematic review of the literature conducted at the databases Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System online (MEDLINE, USA), Literature of Latin America and the Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS, Brazil) and Spanish Bibliographic Index of Health Sciences (IBECS, Spain) using the descriptors: "Language", "Language Development", "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder", "ADHD" and "Auditory Perception"...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001274/language-behavior-and-neurodevelopment-in-joubert-syndrome-a-case-report
#7
Dionísia Aparecida Cusin Lamônica, Camila da Costa Ribeiro, Antonio Richieri-Costa, Célia Maria Giacheti
The Joubert syndrome (JS) is a rare, heterogeneous genetic condition among the ciliopathies. More than 20 genes have been identified associated with this phenotype. The main manifestations include hypotonia, ataxia, psychomotor retardation, ocular-motor apraxia and neonatal respiratory abnormalities. The objective of this paper was to present language and neurodevelopmental findings of an individual diagnosed with JS. The following procedures were performed: anamnesis, clinical genetic evaluation observation of communicative behavior, evaluation of language, the Denver Developmental Screening Test II (DDST-II) and the Early Language Milestone Scale (ELMS)...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001273/effect-of-speech-language-therapy-after-low-level-laser-therapy-in-patients-with-tmd-a-descriptive-study
#8
Melissa de Oliveira Melchior, Bárbara Cristina Zanandréa Machado, Lais Valencise Magri, Marcelo Oliveira Mazzetto
Increased pain and/or discomfort during chewing, speaking, and swallowing have been commonly reported by patients with Temporomandibular Dysfunction (TMD). Speech-language pathology therapy (orofacial myofunctional therapy - OMT) has been proposed as part of the treatment for this condition; however, it is a modality that should be introduced when the TMD context and the pain are not accentuated, so that they do not prevent or hinder the performance of exercises. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of OMT on the treatment of patients with TMD, according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD), after analgesia with low-level laser therapy (LLLT), regarding orofacial myofunctional conditions (OMC) and the perception of TMD symptoms...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001272/change-in-the-nose-areas-in-children-with-mouth-breathing-after-nasal-cleansing-and-massage
#9
Ana Carolina Cardoso de Melo, Adriana de Oliveira Camargo Gomes, Daniele Andrade da Cunha, Sandro Júnior Henrique Lima, Wigna Rayssa Pereira Lima, Renata Andrade da Cunha, Hilton Justino da Silva
Purpose: To analyze the changes occurred in the nasal cavity geometry, before and after nasal cleansing, through nasal aeration and acoustic rhinometry in children with oral breathing. Methods: Twenty children aged four to 12 years were included in the study. The gathering of participants was conducted at the Multifunctional Laboratory of the Speech Pathology Department of the Federal University of Pernambuco - UFPE. The following procedures were conducted: Identification Index of Signs and Symptoms of Oral Breathing; marking of nasal expiratory airflow using the graded mirror of Altmann, and examination of the Nasal Geometry by Acoustic Rhinometry...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001271/validation-of-risk-indicators-for-the-constitution-of-the-reader-scribe
#10
Janaina de Albuquerque Venezian, Regina Maria Freire
Purpose: To evaluate risk factors for the constitution of the reader/scribe. Methods: This is an exploratory study in which a retrospective questionnaire about the child before entering elementary school, based on preliminary indicators for the constitution of the subject reader/scribe, was applied to a population of 293 parents of elementary school students from a public school in São Paulo. The findings were crossed with the diagnostic survey of writing of students from the 1st to the 5th grade and with the evaluation of text production of students from the 3rd to the 5th grade...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001270/speech-language-pathology-assessment-for-tracheal-decannulation-in-patients-suffering-from-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Isabel de Lima Zanata, Rosane Sampaio Santos, Jair Mendes Marques, Gisela Carmona Hirata, Daiane Aparecida Dos Santos
Purpose: To describe the effect of Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) management on the tracheal decannulation process in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: Prospective controlled clinical study. Two groups of patients with TBI confirmed by computed axial tomography were included in the study group (G1) and control group (G2) composed of 30 individuals each, with 25 (83.3%) male and 5 (16.7%) female individuals in both groups. Patients' age ranged from 18 to 53 years old - mean age was 32 years...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001269/editorial
#12
EDITORIAL
Ana Luiza Navas, Roberta Gonçalves da Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982255/e-reading-ii-words-database-for-reading-by-students-from-basic-education-ii
#13
Adriana Marques de Oliveira, Simone Aparecida Capellini
Purpose: To develop a database of words of high, medium and low frequency in reading for Basic Education II. Methods: The words were taken from the teaching material for Portuguese Language, used by the teaching network of the State of São Paulo in the 6th to the 9th year of Basic Education. Only nouns were selected. The frequency with which each word occurred was recorded and a single database was created. In order to classify the words as of high, medium and low frequency, the decision was taken to work with the distribution terciles, mean frequency and the cutoff point of the terciles...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982254/electrophysiological-characterization-of-hearing-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome
#14
Hellen Medeiros Kazan, Alessandra Giannella Samelli, Ivone Ferreira Neves-Lobo, Fernanda Cristina Leite Magliaro, Suelly Cecília Olivan Limongi, Carla Gentile Matas
Introduction: Few studies have performed Brainstem (BAEP) and P300 Auditory Evoked Potentials simultaneously to assess central auditory pathways in normal hearing individuals with Down syndrome (DS), mainly because of the difficulty in applying these procedures to this population. Previous studies have suggested that individuals with DS might present different patterns of response compared with those of individuals with typical development; nevertheless, the identification of these potentials would be crucial for the establishment of an accurate audiological diagnosis...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982253/comprehension-of-ambiguity-for-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Mariana Katsumi Ishihara, Ana Carina Tamanaha, Jacy Perissinoto
Purpose: To verify and compare the performance of children and adolescents with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) using a formal, standardized test that assesses language competence, more specifically comprehension of ambiguity. Methods: The sample comprised 19 individuals aged 6 to 14 years, of both genders, divided into two groups: ASD Group (9) and SLI Group (10). Participants were assessed using the Test of Language Competence - TLC; Ambiguous Sentences subtest (Wiig, Secord, 1989)...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982252/standard-operating-procedure-implementation-critical-analysis-and-validation-in-the-audiology-department-at-cesteh-fiocruz
#16
Anelisse Vasco Mascarenhas de Freitas, Elinaldo Leite Quixabeiro, Geórgia Rosangela Soares Luz, Viviane Moreira Franco, Viviane Fontes Dos Santos
Purpose: Evaluate three standard operational procedures (SOPs), regarding the application of the brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) test, implemented by the Audiology Department of the Center for Studies in Occupational Health and Human Ecology (CESTEH) through the application of a questionnaire and to verify whether the SOPs are effective and assess the necessity for improvement. Methods: The study was conducted in three phases: in the first phase, eight speech-language pathologists and seven physicians, with no experience in BAEP, were instructed to read and perform each SOP, eventually all individuals evaluated the SOPs by responding to a questionnaire; in the second phase, the questionnaires were analyzed and the three SOP texts were reviewed; in the third phase, nine speech-language pathologists and six physicians, also with no experience in BAEP, read and re-evaluated the reviewed SOPs through a questionnaire...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982251/hearing-loss-classification-by-degree-configuration-and-relationship-with-amplified-speech-intelligibility-index-sii
#17
Renata de Souza Lima Figueiredo, Beatriz Mendes, Maria Carolina Versolatto Cavanaugh, Beatriz Novaes
Purpose: To establish the relationship between speech intelligibility index (SII) values generated at the verification of hearing aids programmed according to DSLm [i/o] v5 prescription rule and a proposed individual classification that considers the combination of hearing loss degree and configuration. Methods: Forty-one children aged between 4 and 80 months were selected, totaling 78 ears for analysis. We considered hearing thresholds at the frequencies of 250, 500, 1000, 2000 and 4000 Hz; and analyzed values of the Speech Intelligibility Index (SII) for the input signal of 65 dB SPL obtained during the verification of hearing aids using the equipment Verifit®Audioscan...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982250/preparation-and-applicability-of-a-test-of-speech-perception-with-pictures
#18
Laís Flavia de Souza, Gabriela Rosito Alvarez Bernardez Braga, Ana Lúcia Rios Mota, Nelma Ellen Zamberlan-Amorim, Ana Cláudia Mirândola Barbosa Reis
Purpose: To prepare and apply support material for responses to the Speech Recognition Percentage Index (SRPI) test in children. Methods: This is a descriptive, exploratory study conducted in two phases: in the first phase, 31 speech-language pathologists (referees) prepared material composed of regular, frequently used monosyllabic and disyllabic words belonging to the vocabulary of children and figures that could represent these words; the second phase consisted in the application of this material to 30 normal-hearing children aged 2 to 4 years and 11 months...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982249/factors-associated-with-speech-language-disorders-in-motorcycle-accident-victims
#19
Maria Gabriella Pacheco da Silva, Vanessa de Lima Silva, Mirella Rodrigues Bezerra Vilela, Adriana de Oliveira Camargo Gomes, Ilka Veras Falcão, Ana Karina Pessoa da Silva Cabral, Maria Luiza Lopes Timóteo de Lima
Purpose: To investigate factors associated with speech-language disorders in victims of motorcycle accidents. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Victims of motorcycle accidents studied were treated at Hospital da Restauração between June and July 2014. The data were collected by consulting the records and direct interviews with these, at admission and after discharge. For analysis were raised single frequencies, average and chi-square test or Fisher's exact test...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982248/reduced-versions-of-dysphonia-coping-protocols
#20
Gisele Oliveira, Fabiana Zambon, Thays Vaiano, Flavia Costa, Mara Behlau
The purpose of the study is to explore two reduced versions of the PEED-27 (Brazilian VDCQ) and compare them to the original version. It was performed a retrospective analysis of PEED-27 questionnaires of 100 individuals with vocal disorder, 37 men and 63 women, mean age of 43.7 in order to compare reduced versions of the instrument. The analysis showed that the three instruments have high level of correlation, thus their results are comparable (PEED 27 x 15, r=+0.910, p< 0.001; PEED 27 x 10, r=+0.873, p<0...
November 2016: CoDAS
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