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Tigran Petrosyan, Maria Theodorou, Jeff Bamber, Martin Frenz, Michael Jaeger
Epi-style optoacoustic (OA) imaging provides flexibility by integrating the irradiation optics and ultrasound receiver, yet clutter generated by optical absorption near the probe obscures deep OA sources. Localised vibration tagging (LOVIT) retrieves OA signal from images that are acquired with and without a preceding ultrasonic pushing beam: Radiation force leads to a phase shift of signals coming from the focal area resulting in their visibility in a difference image, whereas clutter from outside the pushing beam is eliminated...
June 2018: Photoacoustics
Ruiqing Ni, Markus Rudin, Jan Klohs
The effect of cerebral amyloidosis on cerebral hemodynamics was investigated with photoacoustic tomography (PAT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). First, the sensitivity and robustness of PAT for deriving metrics of vascular and tissue oxygenation in the murine brain was assessed in wild-type mice with a hyperoxia-normoxia challenge. Secondly, cerebral oxygenation was assessed in young and aged arcAβ mice and wild-type controls with PAT, while cerebral blood flow (CBF) was determined by perfusion MRI. The investigations revealed that PAT can sensitively and robustly detect physiological changes in vascular and tissue oxygenation...
June 2018: Photoacoustics
Ali-Reza Mohammadi-Nejad, Mahdi Mahmoudzadeh, Mahlegha S Hassanpour, Fabrice Wallois, Otto Muzik, Christos Papadelis, Anne Hansen, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Juri Gelovani, Mohammadreza Nasiriavanaki
Infancy is the most critical period in human brain development. Studies demonstrate that subtle brain abnormalities during this state of life may greatly affect the developmental processes of the newborn infants. One of the rapidly developing methods for early characterization of abnormal brain development is functional connectivity of the brain at rest. While the majority of resting-state studies have been conducted using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), there is clear evidence that resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) can also be evaluated using other imaging modalities...
June 2018: Photoacoustics
Jami L Johnson, Mervyn Merrilees, Jeffrey Shragge, Kasper van Wijk
Photoacoustic (PA) imaging may be advantageous as a safe, non-invasive imaging modality to image the carotid artery. However, calcification that accompanies atherosclerotic plaque is difficult to detect with PA due to the non-distinct optical absorption spectrum of hydroxyapatite. We propose reflection-mode all-optical laser-ultrasound (LUS) imaging to obtain high-resolution, non-contact, non-ionizing images of the carotid artery wall and calcification. All-optical LUS allows for flexible acquisition geometry and user-dependent data acquisition for high repeatability...
March 2018: Photoacoustics
Mitchell J Duffy, Oriol Planas, Andreas Faust, Thomas Vogl, Sven Hermann, Michael Schäfers, Santi Nonell, Cristian A Strassert
In this paper we establish a methodology to predict photoacoustic imaging capabilities from the structure of absorber molecules (sonochromes). The comparative in vitro and in vivo screening of naphthalocyanines and cyanine dyes has shown a substitution pattern dependent shift in photoacoustic excitation wavelength, with distal substitution producing the preferred maximum around 800 nm. Central ion change showed variable production of photoacoustic signals, as well as singlet oxygen photoproduction and fluorescence with the optimum for photoacoustic imaging being nickel(II)...
March 2018: Photoacoustics
Ryo Nagaoka, Takuya Tabata, Shin Yoshizawa, Shin-Ichiro Umemura, Yoshifumi Saijo
Metastasis frequently occurs even in the early stage of breast cancer. This research studied the feasibility of using photoacoustic (PA) imaging for identifying metastasis in the lymph vessels of mice. The photoacoustic efficiency of various contrast agents was investigated, and the influence of scattered light was evaluated by using a lymph vessel phantom. The lymph vessels of mice were then visualized using the selected contrast agents: indocyanine green (ICG) and gold nanorods (AuNR). The attenuation of the PA imaging was -1...
March 2018: Photoacoustics
M Bondu, M J Marques, P M Moselund, G Lall, A Bradu, A Podoleanu
We report on the use of a single supercontinuum (SC) source for multimodal imaging. The 2-octave bandwidth (475-2300 nm) makes the SC source suitable for optical coherence tomography (OCT) as well as for multispectral photoacoustic microscopy (MPAM). The IR band centered at 1310 nm is chosen for OCT to penetrate deeper into tissue with 8 mW average power on the sample. The 500-840 nm band is used for MPAM. The source has the ability to select the central wavelength as well as the spectral bandwidth. An energy of more than 35 nJ within a less than 50 nm bandwidth is achieved on the sample for wavelengths longer than 500 nm...
March 2018: Photoacoustics
Antonios Stylogiannis, Ludwig Prade, Andreas Buehler, Juan Aguirre, George Sergiadis, Vasilis Ntziachristos
Pulsed laser diodes may offer a smaller, less expensive alternative to conventional optoacoustic laser sources; however they do not provide pulse rates faster than a few tens of kHz and emit at wavelengths only within the near-infrared region. We investigated whether continuous wave (CW) laser diodes, which are available in visible and near-infrared regions, can be good optoacoustic light sources when overdriven with a peak current >40-fold higher than the CW absolute maximum. We found that overdriven CW diodes provided ∼10 ns pulses of ∼200 nJ/pulse and repetition rates higher than 600 kHz without being damaged, outperforming many pulsed laser diodes...
March 2018: Photoacoustics
Ali Hariri, Jeanne Lemaster, Junxin Wang, AnanthaKrishnan S Jeevarathinam, Daniel L Chao, Jesse V Jokerst
Photoacoustic imaging (PAI) is a non-invasive, high-resolution hybrid imaging modality that combines optical excitation and ultrasound detection. PAI can image endogenous chromophores (melanin, hemoglobin, etc.) and exogenous contrast agents in different medical applications. However, most current equipment uses sophisticated and complicated OPO lasers with tuning and stability features inconsistent with broad clinical deployment. As the number of applications of PAI in medicine increases, there is an urgent need to make the imaging equipment more compact, portable, and affordable...
March 2018: Photoacoustics
Mohsen Erfanzadeh, Patrick D Kumavor, Quing Zhu
The development of low-cost and fast photoacoustic microscopy systems enhances the clinical applicability of photoacoustic imaging systems. To this end, we present a laser scanning laser diode-based photoacoustic microscopy system. In this system, a 905 nm, 325 W maximum output peak power pulsed laser diode with 50 ns pulsewidth is utilized as the light source. A combination of aspheric and cylindrical lenses is used for collimation of the laser diode beam. Two galvanometer scanning mirrors steer the beam across a focusing aspheric lens...
March 2018: Photoacoustics
Mikhail Kirillin, Valeriya Perekatova, Ilya Turchin, Pavel Subochev
Modern optical imaging techniques demonstrate significant potential for high resolution in vivo angiography. Optoacoustic angiography benefits from higher imaging depth as compared to pure optical modalities. However, strong attenuation of optoacoustic signal with depth provides serious challenges for adequate 3D vessel net mapping, and proper compensation for fluence distribution within biotissues is required. We report on the novel approach allowing to estimate effective in-depth fluence profiles for optoacoustic systems...
December 2017: Photoacoustics
Maëva Vallet, François Varray, Jérôme Boutet, Jean-Marc Dinten, Giosuè Caliano, Alessandro Stuart Savoia, Didier Vray
Photoacoustic (PA) signals are short ultrasound (US) pulses typically characterized by a single-cycle shape, often referred to as N-shape. The spectral content of such wideband signals ranges from a few hundred kilohertz to several tens of megahertz. Typical reception frequency responses of classical piezoelectric US imaging transducers, based on PZT technology, are not sufficiently broadband to fully preserve the entire information contained in PA signals, which are then filtered, thus limiting PA imaging performance...
December 2017: Photoacoustics
Kalloor Joseph Francis, Bhargava Chinni, Sumohana S Channappayya, Rajalakshmi Pachamuthu, Vikram S Dogra, Navalgund Rao
Some of the challenges in translating photoacoustic (PA) imaging to clinical applications includes limited view of the target tissue, low signal to noise ratio and the high cost of developing real-time systems. Acoustic lens based PA imaging systems, also known as PA cameras are a potential alternative to conventional imaging systems in these scenarios. The 3D focusing action of lens enables real-time C-scan imaging with a 2D transducer array. In this paper, we model the underlying physics in a PA camera in the mathematical framework of an imaging system and derive a closed form expression for the point spread function (PSF)...
December 2017: Photoacoustics
Guenther Paltauf, Petra Hartmair, Georgi Kovachev, Robert Nuster
Photoacoustic tomography relies on a dense coverage of the surface surrounding the imaged object with ultrasound sensors in order to enable an accurate reconstruction. A curved arrangement of integrating line sensors is proposed that is able to acquire data for a linear projection image of the absorbed energy density distribution in the object. Upon rotation of the object relative to the array, three-dimensional (3D) images can be obtained. The proposed design is based on the cost-effective piezoelectric polymer film technology with 64 line shaped sensors arranged on a half-cylindrical surface...
December 2017: Photoacoustics
Anant Shah, Nigel Bush, Gary Box, Suzanne Eccles, Jeffrey Bamber
Optoacoustic imaging (OAI) can detect haemoglobin and assess its oxygenation. However, the lack of a haemoglobin signal need not indicate a lack of perfusion. This study uses a novel method to assist the co-registration of optoacoustic images with dynamic contrast enhanced ultrasound (DCE-US) images to demonstrate, in preclinical tumour models, the value of combining haemoglobin imaging with a perfusion imaging method, showing that a lack of a haemoglobin signal does not necessarily indicate an absence of perfusion...
December 2017: Photoacoustics
Pim J van den Berg, Khalid Daoudi, Hein J Bernelot Moens, Wiendelt Steenbergen
We evaluate a portable ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging (PAI) system for the feasibility of a point-of-care assessment of clinically evident synovitis. Inflamed and non-inflamed proximal interphalangeal joints of 10 patients were examined and compared with joints from 7 healthy volunteers. PAI scans, ultrasound power Doppler (US-PD), and clinical examination were performed. We quantified the amount of photoacoustic (PA) signal using a region of interest (ROI) drawn over the hypertrophic joint space. PAI response was increased 4 to 10 fold when comparing inflamed with contralateral non-inflamed joints and with joints from healthy volunteers (p < 0...
December 2017: Photoacoustics
Hiroshi Abe, Tsuyoshi Shiina
Photoacoustic imaging is a unique imaging method that involves extracting information from points at different depths, an advantage of ultrasound imaging, while maintaining functional information, a key feature of conventional photo imaging. This makes it easy to add functional images to ultrasound images by adding a laser pulse source to the conventional ultrasound imaging device and detecting a photo-ultrasound signal via a conventional ultrasound probe. One challenge when using normal one-dimensional (1D) probes and generating photoacoustic images is the limited-view problem, in which artefacts are observed due to the positions of the ultrasound transducers...
December 2017: Photoacoustics
Trevor Mitcham, Houra Taghavi, James Long, Cayla Wood, David Fuentes, Wolfgang Stefan, John Ward, Richard Bouchard
Photoacoustic (PA) imaging is capable of probing blood oxygen saturation (sO2), which has been shown to correlate with tissue hypoxia, a promising cancer biomarker. However, wavelength-dependent local fluence changes can compromise sO2 estimation accuracy in tissue. This work investigates using PA imaging with interstitial irradiation and local fluence correction to assess precision and accuracy of sO2 estimation of blood samples through ex vivo bovine prostate tissue ranging from 14% to 100% sO2. Study results for bovine blood samples at distances up to 20 mm from the irradiation source show that local fluence correction improved average sO2 estimation error from 16...
September 2017: Photoacoustics
Elena Petrova, Anton Liopo, Alexander A Oraevsky, Sergey A Ermilov
Non-invasive optoacoustic mapping of temperature in tissues with low blood content can be enabled by administering external contrast agents. Some important clinical applications of such approach include temperature mapping during thermal therapies in a prostate or a mammary gland. However, the technique would require a calibration that establishes functional relationship between the measured normalized optoacoustic response and local tissue temperature. In this work, we investigate how a key calibration parameter - the temperature of zero optoacoustic response (T0 ) - behaves in different environments simulating biological tissues augmented with either dissolved or particulate (nanoparticles) contrast agents...
September 2017: Photoacoustics
Najme Meimani, Nina Abani, Juri Gelovani, Mohammad R N Avanaki
In the application of photoacoustic human infant brain imaging, debubbled ultrasound gel or water is commonly used as a couplant for ultrasonic transducers due to their acoustic properties. The main challenge in using such a couplant is its discomfort for the patient. In this study, we explore the feasibility of a semi-dry coupling configuration to be used in photoacoustic computed tomography (PACT) systems. The coupling system includes an inflatable container consisting of a thin layer of Aqualene with ultrasound gel or water inside of it...
September 2017: Photoacoustics
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