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Annals of Global Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248097/applying-a-global-perspective-to-school-based-health-centers-in-new-york-city
#1
Janet B Lee, Grisselle DeFrank, John Gaipa, Martha Arden
BACKGROUND: Since the 1960s, school-based health centers (SBHC) in the United States have emerged and grown with the mission of providing primary medical, reproductive, and mental health services, as well as comprehensive health education, to all students who are enrolled in the participating school. SBHCs have demonstrated a unique ability to reduce barriers to medical care for underserved populations in New York City, including undocumented immigrants and those who are of lower income status...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248096/adolescent-and-young-adult-injuries-in-developing-economies-a-comparative-analysis-from-oman-and-kenya
#2
Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Niloufer Taber, Amber Mehmood, Yuen Wai Hung, Isaac Botchey, Ammar Al-Kashmiri, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a distinct period of rapid and dramatic biological, cognitive, psychological, and social development. The burden of injuries among young people (aged 10-24) is both substantial and maldistributed across regions and levels of economic development. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to compare sociodemographic correlates of injury cause, intentionality, and mortality between Kenya and Oman, 2 countries with different levels of economic development and position in the demographic and epidemiologic transitions...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248095/new-findings-on-child-marriage-in-sub-saharan-africa
#3
Suzanne Petroni, Mara Steinhaus, Natacha Stevanovic Fenn, Kirsten Stoebenau, Amy Gregowski
Despite increasing global attention and commitments by countries to end the harmful practice of child marriage, each year some 15 million girls marry before the age of 18. The preponderance of the evidence produced historically on child marriage comes from South Asia, where the vast majority of child brides live. Far less attention has been paid to child marriage in sub-Saharan Africa, where prevalence rates remain high. The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) recently conducted research in Kenya, Senegal, Uganda, and Zambia to contribute to greater understanding of the drivers of child marriage in each of these contexts...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248094/optimizing-adolescent-larc-an-answer-to-pregnancy-prevention
#4
EDITORIAL
Lonna P Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248093/-it-has-changed-understanding-change-in-a-parenting-program-in-south-africa
#5
Jenny Doubt, Rachel Bray, Heidi Loening-Voysey, Lucie Cluver, Jasmina Byrne, Divane Nzima, Barnaby King, Yulia Shenderovich, Janina Steinert, Sally Medley
BACKGROUND: Poor parenting that leads to child maltreatment during adolescence presents a major public health burden. Research from high-income countries indicates that evidence-based parenting program interventions can reduce child maltreatment. Much less is known, however, about how beneficiaries of these programs experience this process of change. Understanding the process that brings about change in child maltreatment practices is essential to understanding intervention mechanisms of change...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248092/exploring-drivers-of-infant-deaths-in-rural-rwanda-through-verbal-social-autopsy
#6
Shalini Navale, Lameck Habumugisha, Cheryl Amoroso, Felix Sayinzoga, Neil Gupta, Lisa R Hirschhorn
BACKGROUND: Rwanda has been a leader in the global effort to reduce infant mortality, particularly in regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Although rates have dropped, deaths still occur. OBJECTIVE: To explore the care pathways and barriers taken by infant caregivers before the death of their infant through a verbal social autopsy study in 2 districts in eastern Rwanda. METHODS: We adapted the World Health Organization verbal socialautopsy tools to reflect local context and priorities...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248091/autism-spectrum-disorder-in-lower-socioeconomic-communities
#7
EDITORIAL
Robert E Accordino, Isobel W Green, Angela Diaz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248090/cumulative-psychosocial-risk-is-a-salient-predictor-of-depressive-symptoms-among-vertically-hiv-infected-and-hiv-affected-adolescents-at-the-kenyan-coast
#8
Amina Abubakar, Fons J R Van de Vijver, Amin S Hassan, Ronald Fischer, Moses K Nyongesa, Beatrice Kabunda, James A Berkley, Alan Stein, Charles R Newton
BACKGROUND: Little is known of mental health outcomes among vertically HIV-infected or HIV-affected adolescents in Africa. OBJECTIVES: The current study set out to describe depressive symptoms and their correlates among vertically HIV-infected and HIV-affected adolescents at the Kenyan Coast. METHODS: 130 adolescents (vertically HIV-infected [n = 44], HIV-affected [n = 53], and unexposed [n = 33]) and their caregivers participated in this cross-sectional study...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248089/health-care-use-and-status-among-abused-young-people
#9
Angela Diaz, Ken Peake, Anne Nucci-Sack, Viswanathan Shankar
BACKGROUND: Childhood abuse negatively affects young people's health. Little is known about its effect on health care usage patterns or on perception of health status during a life stage when learning to use care independently is a key developmental task. OBJECTIVES: In nonclinical study settings, abuse has been found to be associated with disorganized use of care and perceived poorer health. Our objective was to determine whether abused youth receiving health care had similar outcomes...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248088/comparison-of-modes-of-administration-of-screens-to-identify-a-history-of-childhood-physical-abuse-in-an-adolescent-and-young-adult-population
#10
Angela Diaz, Ken Peake, Anne Nucci-Sack, Viswanathan Shankar
BACKGROUND: Childhood physical abuse is a major public health issue with negative consequences to health and well-being manifested in childhood and adolescence, and persisting into adulthood. Yet much childhood physical abuse is not identified when it occurs and little is known about how to screen for it. METHODS: To address this gap, the effectiveness of 4 modes of administration of screens to identify childhood physical abuse were compared in a sample of 506 adolescents and young adults aged 12-24 years seeking general health services at a primary care clinic...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248087/administration-of-childhood-physical-and-childhood-sexual-abuse-screens-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-literature-review
#11
Angela Diaz, Ken Peake
BACKGROUND: Childhood physical and sexual abuse can have a negative impact on adolescents and young adults. Although effective interventions that can ameliorate both the short- and long-term negative impacts are available, many adolescent and young adult victims remain without help: They rarely self-identify as victims, and health care providers generally fail to inquire about a history of childhood abuse, especially in the absence of physical signs. The health care field lacks an understanding of effective methods for the identification of childhood abuse...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248086/broadening-the-frontiers-of-adolescent-health-through-telemedicine-and-online-networks
#12
EDITORIAL
Evelyn Eisenstein, Luiz Ary Messina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248085/recommendations-on-arresting-global-health-challenges-facing-adolescents-and-young-adults
#13
Zohra S Lassi, Rehana A Salam, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: The health challenges faced by young people are more complex than adults and can compromise their full growth and development. Attention must be paid to the health of this age group, yet adolescents and youth remain largely invisible and often disappear from the major global datasets. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to discuss the global health challenges faced by adolescents and youth, global legislations and guidelines pertaining to this particular age group, recommendations to arrest these challenges, and research priorities...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248084/adolescents-right-to-participate-opportunities-and-challenges-for-health-care-professionals
#14
Jonathan Todres, Angela Diaz
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals and patients are partners in health care delivery, and this partnership is critical in the treatment of adolescents. International children's rights law establishes that all children have a right to participate in decisions that affect their lives. Fulfillment of that right is as critical in health care settings as any other area of children's lives. OBJECTIVES: In this article we examine the right to participate under international children's rights law, its relevance to health care settings, and how health care professionals can foster adolescents' participation to fulfill children's rights and improve health care outcomes...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248083/the-importance-of-research-and-clinical-care-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-health-and-well-being
#15
EDITORIAL
Anthony Salandy, Angela Diaz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221546/commentary-on-global-health-in-malawi-a-collection-of-poems-by-zachary-g-jacobs-m-d
#16
EDITORIAL
Craig L Katz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221545/-globalhealth-twitter-conversations-on-malaria-hiv-tb-ncds-and-ntds-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#17
Isaac Chun-Hai Fung, Ashley M Jackson, Jennifer O Ahweyevu, Jordan H Grizzle, Jingjing Yin, Zion Tsz Ho Tse, Hai Liang, Juliet N Sekandi, King-Wa Fu
BACKGROUND: Advocates use the hashtag #GlobalHealth on Twitter to draw users' attention to prominent themes on global health, to harness their support, and to advocate for change. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe #GlobalHealth tweets pertinent to given major health issues. METHODS: Tweets containing the hashtag #GlobalHealth (N = 157,951) from January 1, 2014, to April 30, 2015, were purchased from GNIP Inc. We extracted 5 subcorpora of tweets, each with 1 of 5 co-occurring disease-specific hashtags (#Malaria, #HIV, #TB, #NCDS, and #NTDS) for further analysis...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221544/big-data-knowledge-in-global-health-education
#18
EDITORIAL
Olaniyi Olayinka, Michele Kekeh, Manasi Sheth-Chandra, Muge Akpinar-Elci
The ability to synthesize and analyze massive amounts of data is critical to the success of organizations, including those that involve global health. As countries become highly interconnected, increasing the risk for pandemics and outbreaks, the demand for big data is likely to increase. This requires a global health workforce that is trained in the effective use of big data. To assess implementation of big data training in global health, we conducted a pilot survey of members of the Consortium of Universities of Global Health...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221543/community-health-workers-in-diabetes-prevention-and-management-in-developing-countries
#19
REVIEW
Halimatou Alaofè, Ibitola Asaolu, Jennifer Ehiri, Hayley Moretz, Chisom Asuzu, Mobolanle Balogun, Olayinka Abosede, John Ehiri
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence regarding the effect of community health worker (CHW) interventions for prevention and management of the burgeoning epidemic of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The objective of this review was to critically appraise evidence regarding the effectiveness of CHW interventions for prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in LMICs. METHODS: To identify studies that reported the effect of CHW interventions for prevention and management of T2DM in LMICs, Medline/PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science (Science and Social Science Citation Indices), EBSCO (PsycINFO and CINAHL), POPLINE, the Cochrane Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders Group's Specialized Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Grey literature (Google, Google Scholar), and reference lists of identified articles were searched from inception to May 31, 2017...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221542/ability-to-pay-for-future-national-health-financing-scheme-among-malaysian-households
#20
Azimatun Noor Aizuddin, Syed Mohamed Aljunid
BACKGROUND: Malaysia is no exception to the challenging health care financing phenomenon of globalization. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to assess the ability to pay among Malaysian households as preparation for a future national health financing scheme. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving representative samples of 774 households in Peninsular Malaysia. FINDINGS: A majority of households were found to have the ability to pay for their health care...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
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