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Annals of Global Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986236/surgical-management-and-reconstruction-training-smart-course-for-international-orthopedic-surgeons
#1
Hao-Hua Wu, Kushal R Patel, Amber M Caldwell, R Richard Coughlin, Scott L Hansen, Joseph N Carey
BACKGROUND: The burden of complex orthopedic trauma in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is exacerbated by soft-tissue injuries, which can often lead to amputations. This study's purpose was to create and evaluate the Surgical Management and Reconstruction Training (SMART) course to help orthopedic surgeons from LMICs manage soft-tissue defects and reduce the rate of amputations. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, orthopedic surgeons from LMICs were recruited to attend a 2-day SMART course taught by plastic surgery faculty in San Francisco...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986235/building-a-sustainable-global-surgery-nonprofit-organization-at-an-academic-institution
#2
Margaret M Frisella
BACKGROUND: Surgical Outreach for the Americas is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization providing surgical care to those in need in developing countries of the Western Hemisphere. Every year since its inception in 2008, teams of surgeons, nurses, and allied health professionals have traveled to areas of need and performed primarily hernia repair surgeries for those without access to affordable health care. METHODS: Surgical Outreach for the Americas (SOfA) began as a general concept based on World Health Organization statistics claiming that 11% of the global burden of disease can be resolved via surgery...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986234/improved-techniques-and-future-advances-in-plastic-surgery-in-global-health
#3
REVIEW
Paul Shay, Peter J Taub, Lester Silver
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery has a long-standing history of being deeply interconnected with global health. This paper reviews the current state of global health as it relates to plastic surgery and makes forecasts for the future. METHODS: This study reviews the most current literature on global plastic surgery, as well as offers insights based on our 2 senior authors' experiences. For our literature search, the MEDLINE database was queried using relevant keywords through both PubMed and OVID user interfaces...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986233/implementing-electronic-surgical-registries-in-lower-middle-income-countries-experiences-in-latin-america
#4
Mohini Dasari, Sabrina Asturias, Marcelo Garbett, Eiman Zargaran, Gustavo Machain, Morad Hameed, Juan Carlos Puyana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986232/the-need-for-formal-surgical-global-health-programs-and-improved-mission-trip-coordination
#5
Sar Medoff, Jeffrey Freed
BACKGROUND: There is a dire need for more surgical services as part of improving global health. Conditions treatable with surgery account for 11% of the global burden of disease, with a disproportionate burden affecting low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Less than 6% of the world's operations are performed in LMICs, with relief organizations performing nearly 250,000 operations annually in LMICs in addition to each country's domestic surgical capacity. Currently, surgical needs are not adequately met by the existing patchwork of federal and nongovernmental organizations' surgical services and surgical mission trips...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986231/building-a-sustainable-global-surgical-program-in-an-academic-department-of-surgery
#6
Linda P Zhang, Daniel Silverberg, Celia M Divino, Michael Marin
BACKGROUND: Global surgery and volunteerism in surgery has gained significant interest in recent years for general surgery residents across the country. However, there are few well-established long-term surgical programs affiliated with academic institutions. The present report discusses the implementation process and challenges facing an academic institution in building a long-term sustainable global surgery program. METHODS: As one of the pioneer programs in global surgery for residents, the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai global surgery rotation has been successfully running for the last 10 years in a small public hospital in the Dominican Republic...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986230/barriers-to-global-health-training-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#7
Rachel Pope, Maria Shaker, Prakash Ganesh, Margaret Larkins-Pettigrew, Stephanie Deter Pickett
BACKGROUND: The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery includes obstetrics and gynecology as an area needing international strengthening in low- and middle-income countries. Despite interest, a majority of participants in US residency programs graduate with little exposure to global health or preparation to work abroad. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the level of interest of obstetrics and gynecology (Ob/Gyn) residents in gaining global health training and to identify perceived barriers to receiving training...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986229/vi%C3%A1-n-tim-institut-du-coeur-success-of-a-congenital-heart-disease-center-in-a-developing-country
#8
EDITORIAL
Paul S Lajos, Alain F Carpentier
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the Viện Tim Institute du Coeur is to provide high quality cardiac surgical care to the Vietnamese population with 25% of care allocated to the indigent. This article discusses the history; functional and financial implementation of creating a long-term fully sustainable adult and pediatric cardiac surgery center in Southeast Asia in a developing country. METHODS: The Institut du Coeur in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam is a fully functional and financially solvent cardiac surgery center that was formed 28 years ago...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986228/challenges-to-cancer-program-development-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#9
EDITORIAL
Ann Marie Beddoe, Navya Nair, Peter Dottino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986227/global-surgical-ecosystems-a-need-for-systems-strengthening
#10
Catherine R deVries, Jenna S Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: As surgery is gaining recognition as a critical component of universal health care worldwide, surgical communities have come together with unprecedented unity to advocate for systems to support surgical care. This community has long believed that much care could be performed in a cost-effective manner even in low resource settings, despite skepticism voiced by many in public health. To do so will require the development of new systems and re-vamping of old systems that are not effective...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550434/global-health-s-grand-challenge-a-healthy-planet-and-healthy-people
#11
EDITORIAL
Keith Martin, Philip J Landrigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372534/trends-in-coronary-heart-disease-epidemiology-in-india
#12
REVIEW
Rajeev Gupta, Indu Mohan, Jagat Narula
Cardiovascular diseases, especially coronary heart disease (CHD), are epidemic in India. The Registrar General of India reported that CHD led to 17% of total deaths and 26% of adult deaths in 2001-2003, which increased to 23% of total and 32% of adult deaths in 2010-2013. The World Health Organization (WHO) and Global Burden of Disease Study also have highlighted increasing trends in years of life lost (YLLs) and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) from CHD in India. In India, studies have reported increasing CHD prevalence over the last 60 years, from 1% to 9%-10% in urban populations and <1% to 4%-6% in rural populations...
March 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372533/heart-disease-in-syrian-refugee-children-experience-at-jordan-university-hospital
#13
Iyad Al-Ammouri, Fares Ayoub
BACKGROUND: Since March 2011, an estimated 600,000 Syrian refugees crossed into Jordan, of which 52% were children. Demand for health care is overwhelming. The burden of heart disease in Syrian refugee children is not known. The aim of this study WAS to describe heart disease in Syrian refugee children in terms of diagnoses, presentation, outcome, and funding sources for treatment. METHODS: From April 1, 2012 to April 30, 2014, data on Syrian refugee children who were referred to the Pediatric Cardiology Department at Jordan University Hospital and were found to have heart disease was recorded...
March 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372532/hypertension-in-canada-past-present-and-future
#14
REVIEW
Ernesto L Schiffrin, Norman R C Campbell, Ross D Feldman, Janusz Kaczorowski, Richard Lewanczuk, Raj Padwal, Sheldon W Tobe
Canada has an extremely successful hypertension detection and treatment program. The aim of this review was to highlight the historic and current infrastructure and initiatives that have led to this success, and the outlook moving forward into the future. We discuss the evolution of hypertension awareness and control in Canada; contributions made by organizations such as the Canadian Hypertension Society, Blood Pressure Canada, and the Canadian Hypertension Education Program; the amalgamation of these organizations into Hypertension Canada; and the impact that Hypertension Canada has had on hypertension care in Canada...
March 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372531/modern-management-and-diagnosis-of-hypertension-in-the-united-kingdom-home-care-and-self-care
#15
REVIEW
James P Sheppard, Claire L Schwartz, Katherine L Tucker, Richard J McManus
BACKGROUND: The effective diagnosis and management of hypertension is one of the most important parts of cardiovascular prevention internationally and this is no different in the United Kingdom. Approximately 14% of the UK population currently receive treatment for hypertension. Recent UK guidelines from the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence have placed greater emphasis on the utilization of out-of-office measurement of blood pressure to more accurately diagnose hypertension...
March 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372530/research-and-development-of-information-and-communication-technology-based-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-from-morning-to-nocturnal-hypertension
#16
REVIEW
Kazuomi Kario, Naoko Tomitani, Yuri Matsumoto, Haruna Hamasaki, Yukie Okawara, Maiko Kondo, Ryoko Nozue, Hiromi Yamagata, Ayako Okura, Satoshi Hoshide
Asians have specific characteristics of hypertension (HTN) and its relationship with cardiovascular disease. The morning surge in blood pressure (BP) in Asians is more extended, and the association slope between higher BP and the risk for cardiovascular events is steeper in this population than in whites. Thus, 24-hour BP control including at night and in the morning is especially important for Asian patients with HTN. There are 3 components of "perfect 24-hour BP control": the 24-hour BP level, adequate dipping of nocturnal BP (dipper type), and adequate BP variability such as the morning BP surge...
March 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372529/expanding-the-role-of-nurses-to-improve-hypertension-care-and-control-globally
#17
REVIEW
Cheryl R Dennison Himmelfarb, Yvonne Commodore-Mensah, Martha N Hill
The role of the nurse in improving hypertension control has expanded over the past 50 years, complementing and supplementing that of the physician. Nurses' involvement began with measuring and monitoring blood pressure (BP) and patient education and has expanded to become one of the most effective strategies to improve BP control. Today the roles of nurses and nurse practitioners (NPs) in hypertension management involve all aspects of care, including (1) detection, referral, and follow up; (2) diagnostics and medication management; (3) patient education, counseling, and skill building; (4) coordination of care; (5) clinic or office management; (6) population health management; and (7) performance measurement and quality improvement...
March 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372528/sodium-intake-blood-pressure-and-dietary-sources-of-sodium-in-an-adult-south-indian-population
#18
Sripriya Ravi, Odilia I Bermudez, Vijayakumar Harivanzan, Kwan Ho Kenneth Chui, Preethi Vasudevan, Aviva Must, Sadagopan Thanikachalam, Mohan Thanikachalam
BACKGROUND: The association between prevalence of hypertension and its relationship with dietary sodium intake has never been published from large epidemiological studies in the South Indian population before. OBJECTIVES: To assess sodium intake and its association with blood pressure, and major dietary sources of sodium in an adult population in southeastern India. METHODS: This study included a representative population-based sample of 8080 individuals (57% women) >20 years of age...
March 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372527/hypertension-and-related-cardiovascular-disease-burden-in-china
#19
REVIEW
Joshua D Bundy, Jiang He
BACKGROUND: With rapid economic development, urbanization, and an aging population, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have become the leading cause of death in China. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive review on the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension (HTN) as well as blood pressure (BP)-related morbidity and mortality of CVD in Chinese adults over time. FINDINGS: The prevalence of HTN in China is high and increasing...
March 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372526/worldwide-hypertension-the-growing-threat-and-the-potential-opportunities
#20
EDITORIAL
Lawrence R Krakoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Annals of Global Health
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