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Annals of Global Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619418/corrigendum-to-there-s-no-app-for-that-assessing-the-impact-of-mhealth-on-the-supervision-motivation-engagement-and-satisfaction-of-community-health-workers-in-sierra-leone-annals-of-global-health-82-2016-936-949
#1
Frédérique Vallières, Eilish McAuliffe, Bianca van Bavel, P J Wall, Augustine Trye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619417/point-of-care-testing-for-anemia-diabetes-and-hypertension-a-pharmacy-based-model-in-lima-peru
#2
Enrique M Saldarriaga, Elisabeth Vodicka, Sayda La Rosa, Maria Valderrama, Patricia J Garcia
BACKGROUND: Prevention and control of chronic diseases is a high priority for many low- and middle-income countries. This study evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of training pharmacy workers to provide point-of-care testing for 3 chronic diseases-hypertension, diabetes, and anemia-to improve disease detection and awareness through private pharmacies. METHODS: We developed a multiphase training curriculum for pharmacists and pharmacy technicians to build capacity for identification of risk factors, patient education, point-of-care testing, and referral for abnormal results...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619416/mass-gatherings-and-public-health-case-studies-from-the-hajj-to-mecca
#3
Juma Rahman, Min Thu, Neelam Arshad, Marc Van der Putten
BACKGROUND: Many new and challenging risks can be introduced during mass gatherings. The Hajj, as one of the largest mass gatherings, provides an excellent annual opportunity to reflect on the public health risk posed by international and multicultural crowds and the value of mitigation strategies. OBJECTIVES: To identify the gap between preparation and training taken before being exposed to the mass gathering and postexposure experiences, and the breach between the expectations and reality of the holy place...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619415/international-travelers-sociodemographic-health-and-travel-characteristics-an-italian-study
#4
Gianmarco Troiano, Astrid Mercone, Alessandra Bagnoli, Nicola Nante
BACKGROUND: Approximately the 8% of travelers requires medical care, with the diagnosis of a vaccine-preventable disease. The aim of our study was to analyze the socio-demographic, health and travel characteristics of the Italian international travelers. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study from January 2015 to June 2016, at the Travel Medicine Clinic of Siena, asking the doctor to interview patients who attended the Clinic, recording socio-demographic and travel information, malaria prophylaxis, vaccinations...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619414/health-information-needs-and-reliability-of-sources-among-nondegree-health-sciences-students-a-prerequisite-for-designing-ehealth-literacy
#5
Hussein Haruna, Ndumiso Tshuma, Xiao Hu
BACKGROUND: Understanding health information needs and health-seeking behavior is a prerequisite for developing an electronic health information literacy (EHIL) or eHealth literacy program for nondegree health sciences students. At present, interest in researching health information needs and reliable sources paradigms has gained momentum in many countries. However, most studies focus on health professionals and students in higher education institutions. OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at providing new insight and filling the existing gap by examining health information needs and reliability of sources among nondegree health sciences students in Tanzania...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619413/visiting-trainees-in-global-settings-host-and-partner-perspectives-on-desirable-competencies
#6
William Cherniak, Emily Latham, Barbara Astle, Geoffrey Anguyo, Tessa Beaunoir, Joel Buenaventura, Matthew DeCamp, Karla Diaz, Quentin Eichbaum, Marius Hedimbi, Cat Myser, Charles Nwobu, Katherine Standish, Jessica Evert
BACKGROUND: Current competencies in global health education largely reflect perspectives from high-income countries (HICs). Consequently, there has been underrepresentation of the voices and perspectives of partners in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) who supervise and mentor trainees engaged in short-term experiences in global health (STEGH). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to better understand the competencies and learning objectives that are considered a priority from the perspective of partners in LMICs...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619412/ethical-considerations-when-sending-medical-trainees-abroad-for-global-health-experiences
#7
EDITORIAL
Sommer Aldulaimi, Victoria McCurry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619411/where-we-fall-down-tensions-in-teaching-social-medicine-and-global-health
#8
Amy Finnegan, Michelle Morse, Marisa Nadas, Michael Westerhaus
BACKGROUND: As global health interest has risen, so too has the relevance of education on the social determinants of health and health equity. Social medicine offers a particularly salient framework for educating on the social determinants of health, health disparities, and health equity. SocMed and EqualHealth, 2 unique but related organizations, offer annual global health courses in Uganda, Haiti, and the United States, which train students to understand and respond to the social determinants of health through praxis, self-reflection and self-awareness, and building collaborative partnerships across difference...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619410/an-international-collaboration-for-the-training-of-medical-chief-residents-in-rwanda
#9
Tim Walker, Vincent Dusabejambo, Janet J Ho, Claudine Karigire, Bradley Richards, Andre N Sofair
BACKGROUND: The year-long position of chief medical resident is a time-honored tradition in the United States that serves to provide the trainee with an opportunity to gain further skills as a clinician, leader, teacher, liaison, and administrator. However, in most training programs in the developing world, this role does not exist. OBJECTIVES: We sought to develop a collaborative program to train the first medical chief residents for the University of Rwanda and to assess the impact of the new chief residency on residency training, using questionnaires and qualitative interviews with Rwandan faculty, chief residents, and residents...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619409/student-reflection-papers-on-a-global-clinical-experience-a-qualitative-study
#10
Carmi Z Margolis, Robert M Rohrbaugh, Luisa Tsang, Jennifer Fleischer, Mark J Graham, Anne Kellett, Janet P Hafler
BACKGROUND: Many of the 70,000 graduating US medical students [per year] have reported participating in a global health activity at some stage of medical school. This case study design provided a method for understanding the student's experience that included student's learning about culture, health disparities, exposure and reaction to a range of diseases actually encountered. The broad diversity of themes among students indicated that the GCE provided a flexible, personalized experience...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619408/children-crossing-streets-the-cognitive-task-of-pedestrians-across-nations
#11
David C Schwebel
BACKGROUND: About 100,000 children die worldwide in pedestrian crashes, more than 90% of whom live in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, most existing research on children's ability to cross the street is conducted in high-income countries (HICs). OBJECTIVE: The present study discusses 4 ways pedestrian behavior in LMICs differs from that in HICs, influencing both children's ability to cross streets safely and adult efforts to train children in pedestrian safety...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619407/should-they-also-have-babies-community-attitudes-toward-sexual-and-reproductive-rights-of-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-nigeria
#12
Zubairu Iliyasu, Hadiza S Galadanci, Yusuf A Ibrahim, Musa Babashani, Mohammed S Mijinyawa, Melynda Simmons, Muktar H Aliyu
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV have the right to healthy, satisfying sex lives and to appropriate services to ensure their sexual and reproductive health, including having healthy children. The reproductive rights of people living with HIV/AIDS are, however, often met with skepticism and discrimination, despite recent advances in HIV treatment. OBJECTIVE: To assess the attitudes of community members in Kano, Nigeria, toward the right of persons living with HIV/AIDS to have healthy sexual relationships and bear children...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619406/physical-activity-sleep-and-bmi-percentile-in-rural-and-urban-ugandan-youth
#13
Mary J Christoph, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Rhona Baingana, James M Ntambi
BACKGROUND: Uganda is experiencing a dual burden of over- and undernutrition, with overweight prevalence increasing while underweight remains common. Potential weight-related factors, particularly physical activity, sleep, and rural/urban status, are not currently well understood or commonly assessed in Ugandan youth. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to pilot test a survey measuring weight-related factors in rural and urban Ugandan schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey measured sociodemographics, physical activity, sleep patterns, and dietary factors in 148 rural and urban schoolchildren aged 11-16 in central Uganda...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619405/treating-childhood-malnutrition-in-rural-haiti-program-outcomes-and-obstacles
#14
C Nicholas Cuneo, Emily Dansereau, Anand R Habib, Mary Davies, Samuel Ware, Kenneth Kornetsky
BACKGROUND: Haiti has the worst malnutrition rate in the Western hemisphere. In October 2010, a cholera epidemic erupted and spread rapidly throughout the country, straining Haiti's already fragile health infrastructure across all levels of care. This study reviews data from an outpatient therapeutic feeding program (OTP) for acute childhood malnutrition at a clinic in rural Haiti with a focus on the effect of the 2010 cholera epidemic on program operations. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for the complete set of patients who were enrolled in the OTP from its inception in March 2009 through January 2014...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619404/prevalence-of-pediatric-asthma-risk-in-santo-domingo-dominican-republic
#15
Wendy W Sun, Lipi Gupta, Andrew E Andreae, Kristin Romutis, Allison M Borda, Priya Sabu, Sean McKenna, Mark Ryan
BACKGROUND: Early detection and treatment of pediatric asthma could reduce morbidity and lessen burden on society. Currently there is no known research on the prevalence of pediatric asthma in the Dominican Republic (DR) and no known asthma risk assessment tool for one-time encounters in a fast-paced clinic. OBJECTIVES: To pilot a streamlined version of previously validated screening tools to estimate the prevalence of pediatric asthma risk in Santo Domingo Norte, DR...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619403/practice-knowledge-and-barriers-for-screening-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-among-high-risk-chinese-patients
#16
Kerui Xu, Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway, Fedja A Rochling, Jianjun Zhang, Paraskevi A Farazi, Hongyan Peng, Hongmei Wang, Jiangtao Luo
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is among the leading causes of cancer deaths in China. Considering its poor prognosis when diagnosed late, Chinese guidelines recommend biannual screening for HCC with abdominal ultrasound and serum α-fetoprotein (AFP) test for high-risk populations. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the practice, knowledge, and self-perceived barriers for HCC screening among high-risk hospital patients in China. METHODS: An interview-based questionnaire was conducted among Chinese patients with chronic hepatitis B and/or chronic hepatitis C infection from outpatient clinics at 2 tertiary medical institutions in Shanghai and Wuhan, China...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619402/global-health-values-of-a-multidirectional-near-peer-training-program-in-surgery-pathology-anatomy-research-methodology-and-medical-education-for-haitian-rwandan-and-canadian-medical-students
#17
Malik Elharram, Trish Dinh, Annie Lalande, Susan Ge, Sophie Gao, Geoffroy Noël
BACKGROUND: As health care delivery increasingly requires providers to cross international borders, medical students at McGill University, Canada, developed a multidirectional exchange program with Haiti and Rwanda. The program integrates surgery, pathology, anatomy, research methodology, and medical education. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the global health value of this international training program to improve medical education within the environment of developing countries, such as Haiti and Rwanda, while improving sociocultural learning of Canadian students...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619401/assessment-of-surgical-and-trauma-capacity-in-potos%C3%A3-bolivia
#18
Kevin J Blair, Marissa A Boeck, José Luis Gallardo Barrientos, José Luis Hidalgo López, Irene B Helenowski, Benedict C Nwomeh, Michael B Shapiro, Mamta Swaroop
BACKGROUND: Scaling up surgical and trauma care in low- and middle-income countries could prevent nearly 2 million annual deaths. Various survey instruments exist to measure surgical and trauma capacity, including Personnel, Infrastructure, Procedures, Equipment, and Supplies (PIPES) and International Assessment of Capacity for Trauma (INTACT). OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate surgical and trauma capacity in the Bolivian department of Potosí using a combined PIPES and INTACT tool, with additional questions to further inform intervention targets...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619400/a-standard-of-care
#19
EDITORIAL
Peter M Bingham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619399/rural-urban-differences-in-trends-in-the-wealth-index-in-kenya-1993-2009
#20
Leonard E Egede, Delia Voronca, Rebekah J Walker, Craig Thomas
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to construct a wealth index that could be compared over time in order to understand the trends in wealth in Kenya and determine predictors of change in wealth index. METHODS: Data were from the Demographic and Health Survey program collected in Kenya between 1993 and 2009. Variable categories were collapsed to match and factor analysis was performed on the 4-year pooled data to generate a harmonized wealth index. Possible predictors of wealth were selected from household variables available for all 4 years...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
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